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Herpes simplex virus and t cells

Ranjan Batra, Thomas J Stark, Elizabeth Clark, Jean-Philippe Belzile, Emily C Wheeler, Brian A Yee, Hui Huang, Chelsea Gelboin-Burkhart, Stephanie C Huelga, Stefan Aigner, Brett T Roberts, Tomas J Bos, Shashank Sathe, John Paul Donohue, Frank Rigo, Manuel Ares, Deborah H Spector, Gene W Yeo
Host and virus interactions occurring at the post-transcriptional level are critical for infection but remain poorly understood. Here, we performed comprehensive transcriptome-wide analyses revealing that human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection results in widespread alternative splicing (AS), shortening of 3' untranslated regions (3' UTRs) and lengthening of poly(A)-tails in host gene transcripts. We found that the host RNA-binding protein CPEB1 was highly induced after infection, and ectopic expression of CPEB1 in noninfected cells recapitulated infection-related post-transcriptional changes...
October 24, 2016: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Sergio Pina-Oviedo, Carlos A Torres-Cabala, Roberto N Miranda, Michael T Tetzlaff, Selina Singh, Ronald P Rapini, Victor G Prieto, Phyu P Aung
Leukemia cutis develops in <4% of all acute leukemias. Concurrent acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is rare, with most cases involving lymph nodes or spleen, and no cutaneous involvement. We report the case of a 59-year-old man who presented with fever, malaise, and fatigue. The CBC showed leukocytosis (30.4 × 10/L, 9% blasts), anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Bone marrow biopsy was diagnosed with AML, not otherwise specified, with mutations of FLT3 and IDH2 (R140Q). The patient developed skin rash on the right flank with the clinical differential diagnosis of herpes simplex virus or varicella-zoster virus infection/reactivation versus leukemia cutis...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Y Wang, L Yang, Z L Zhang
Here we reported two patients who presented with panuveitis and were transferred from ophthalmologists to rheumatologists, for both the patients had oral and genital ulcers. They were misdiagnosed with Behcet's disease at first glance. Two young males presented with acute uveitis with history of recurrent oral and genital ulcers. They initially presented with symptoms and signs resembling Behcet's disease and were treated with systemic steroids with suboptimal responses. Routine laboratory test revealed syphilis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Arinjay Banerjee, Noreen Rapin, Megan Miller, Philip Griebel, Yan Zhou, Vincent Munster, Vikram Misra
It is speculated that bats are important reservoir hosts for numerous viruses, with 27 viral families reportedly detected in bats. Majority of these viruses have not been isolated and there is little information regarding their biology in bats. Establishing a well-characterized bat cell line supporting the replication of bat-borne viruses would facilitate the analysis of virus-host interactions in an in vitro model. Currently, few bat cell lines have been developed and only Tb1-Lu, derived from Tadarida brasiliensis is commercially available...
November 2016: Journal of Virological Methods
Ivan V Litvinov, Anna Shtreis, Kenneth Kobayashi, Steven Glassman, Matthew Tsang, Anders Woetmann, Denis Sasseville, Niels Ødum, Madeleine Duvic
Most skin malignancies are caused by external and often preventable environmental agents. Multiple reports demonstrated that cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) can occur in married couples and cluster in families. Furthermore, recent studies document geographic clustering of this malignancy in Texas as well as in other areas of the United States. Multiple infectious, occupational, and medication causes have been proposed as triggers or promoters of this malignancy including hydrochlorothiazide diuretics, Staphylococcus aureus, dermatophytes, Mycobacterium leprae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, human T-Cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV1), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and herpes simplex virus (HSV)...
July 2016: Oncoimmunology
Edward C Lee, Nicholas Davis-Poynter, Chau T H Nguyen, Amelia A Peters, Gregory R Monteith, Ekaterina Strounina, Amirali Popat, Benjamin P Ross
A glycosaminoglycan mimetic was attached to the surface of solid and mesoporous silica nanoparticles to create novel antiviral agents against herpes simplex type 1 and type 2 viruses. The nanoparticles act as viral entry inhibitors that appear to block viral attachment and penetration into susceptible cells.
September 28, 2016: Nanoscale
Kazuki Miyaji, Jun-Ichi Furukawa, Youichi Suzuki, Naoki Yamamoto, Yasuro Shinohara, Nobuhiro Yuki
There is a case report of a patient with overlapping Guillain-Barré syndrome and Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis after infection with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), who carried high titers of serum anti-GQ1b IgG antibodies. Several studies have linked viral infection to the modulation of ganglioside expression such as human T-lymphotropic virus to GD2 and simian virus 40 to GM3. Also, enhancement of the expression of GM2 on the cell membrane after cytomegalovirus infection has been reported. The objective of this study was to unveil the relationship between HSV-1 infection and the alteration of cellular ganglioside expression in neuronal and glial cell lines...
August 18, 2016: Carbohydrate Research
Hem R Gurung, Meghan M Carr, Daniel J J Carr
Herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) infection of the cornea induces vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A)-dependent lymphangiogenesis. However, the extent to which HSV-1-induced corneal lymphangiogenesis impacts the adaptive immune response has not been characterized. Here, we used floxed VEGF-A mice to study the importance of newly created corneal lymphatic vessels in the host adaptive immune response to infection. Whereas the mice infected with the parental virus (strain SC16) exhibited robust corneal lymphangiogenesis, mice that received the recombinant virus (SC16 ICP0-Cre) that expresses Cre recombinase under the control of infected cell protein 0 (ICP0), an HSV-1 immediate-early gene, showed a significant reduction in lymphangiogenesis...
October 4, 2016: Immunology and Cell Biology
Kerrie J Sandgren, Kirstie Bertram, Anthony L Cunningham
Incremental advances in our knowledge of how natural immune control of herpes simplex virus (HSV) develops have yielded insight as to why previous vaccine attempts have only been partially successful, however, our understanding of these pathways, particularly in humans, is still incomplete. Further elucidation of the innate immune events that are responsible for stimulating these effector responses is required to accurately inform vaccine design. An enhanced understanding of the mechanism of action of novel adjuvants will also facilitate the rational choice of adjuvant to optimise such responses...
July 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
Tatsuya Matsusaki, Shiro Takeda, Masahiko Takeshita, Yuo Arima, Chuluunbat Tsend-Ayush, Tsendesuren Oyunsuren, Chihiro Sugita, Hiroki Yoshida, Wataru Watanabe, Masahiko Kurokawa
We previously found that Lactobacillus plantarum strain 06CC2 showed probiotic potential, and its oral administration effectively induced Th1 cytokine production and activated the Th1 immune response associated with intestinal immunity in mice. In this study, to evaluate its potential as a versatile oral adjuvant for treatment of viral infection, we assessed the immunomodulatory activity of 06CC2 on murine cutaneous herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection, in which a major immune defense system is a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction based on activation of the Th1 immune response, in relation to its oral efficacy for alleviation of herpetic symptoms...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Ana J Chucair-Elliott, Jeremy Jinkins, Meghan M Carr, Daniel J J Carr
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a leading cause of neurotrophic keratitis characterized by decreased corneal sensation because of damage to the corneal sensory fibers. We and others have reported regression of corneal nerves during acute HSV-1 infection. To determine whether denervation is caused directly by the virus or indirectly by the elicited immune response, mice were infected with HSV-1 and topically treated with dexamethasone (DEX) or control eye drops. Corneal sensitivity was measured using a Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer and nerve network structure via immunohistochemistry...
October 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Takenori Inomata, Miki Honda, Akira Murakami
PURPOSE: To describe atypical varicella zoster virus (VZV) retinitis in a patient with Good syndrome. METHODS: A 63-year-old patient with Good syndrome presented with bilateral necrotizing retinitis starting from the posterior pole. He had a history of thymoma status post thymectomy 4 years previously, left-sided sinusitis, and recent pulmonary aspergillosis. Qualitative PCR was performed on aqueous fluid. RESULTS: Immunological investigations revealed reduced levels of CD4(+) T cells and immunoglobulins...
August 5, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
Hiroshi Fukuhara, Yasushi Ino, Tomoki Todo
Oncolytic virus therapy is perhaps the next major breakthrough in cancer treatment following the success in immunotherapy using immune checkpoint inhibitors. Oncolytic viruses are defined as genetically engineered or naturally occurring viruses that selectively replicate in and kill cancer cells without harming the normal tissues. T-Vec (talimogene laherparepvec), a second-generation oncolytic herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) armed with GM-CSF, was recently approved as the first oncolytic virus drug in the USA and Europe...
August 3, 2016: Cancer Science
Yuko Kawakami, Tomoaki Ando, Jong-Rok Lee, Gisen Kim, Yu Kawakami, Tae Nakasaki, Manando Nakasaki, Kenji Matsumoto, Youn Soo Choi, Toshiaki Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) are susceptible to several viruses including herpes simplex virus (HSV). Some patients develop one or more episodes of a severe skin infection by HSV, termed eczema herpeticum (EH). There are numerous mouse models of AD, but no established model exists for EH. OBJECTIVE: We sought to establish and characterize a mouse model of EH. METHODS: We infected AD-like skin lesions with HSV1 to induce severe skin lesions in a dermatitis-prone mouse strain of NC/Nga...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Xian Yu, Yan Wang, Yifan Xia, Lijuan Zhang, Qin Yang, Jun Lei
Pseudomonas aeruginosa antimicrobial resistance is a major therapeutic challenge. DNA vaccination is an attractive approach for antigen-specific immunotherapy against P. aeruginosa. We explored the feasibility of employing Herpes simplex virus type 1 tegument protein, VP22, as a molecular tool to enhance the immunogenicity of an OprF DNA vaccine against P. aeruginosa. Recombinant DNA vaccines, pVAX1-OprF, pVAX1-OprF-VP22 (encoding a n-OprF-VP22-c fusion protein) and pVAX1-VP22-OprF (encoding a n-VP22-OprF-c fusion protein) were constructed...
August 17, 2016: Vaccine
Louisa Mezache, Cynthia Magro, Craig Hofmeister, Flavia Pichiorri, Douglas Sborov, Gerard J Nuovo
Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) can reduce the immune response by inhibiting CD8 T-cell proliferation and cytotoxic activity. We studied a series of human viral (molloscum, human papillomavirus, herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, smallpox) and bacterial infections (Helicobacter pylori) for the in situ expression of PD-L1, mononuclear cell infiltration, and CD8 activity and compared this to noninfectious idiopathic inflammatory conditions to better define which immune responses may be more highly correlated with an infectious agent...
July 19, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Rim Hojeij, Sonia Domingos-Pereira, Marianne Nkosi, Dalila Gharbi, Laurent Derré, John T Schiller, Patrice Jichlinski, Denise Nardelli-Haefliger
Bladder cancer is the second most common urological malignancy in the world. In 70% of cases it is initially diagnosed as non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and it is amenable to local treatments, with intravesical (IVES) Bacillus-Calmette-Guerin (BCG) immunotherapy being routinely used after transurethral resection of the lesion. However, this treatment is associated with significant side-effects and treatment failures, highlighting the necessity of novel strategies. One potent approach is the suicide-gene mediated therapy/prodrug combination, provided tumor-specificity can be ensured and anti-tumor immune responses induced...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jason T Lee, Hanwen Zhang, Maxim A Moroz, Yury Likar, Larissa Shenker, Nikita Sumzin, Jose Lobo, Juan Zurita, Jeffrey Collins, R Michael van Dam, Vladimir Ponomarev
PURPOSE: Radionuclide-based reporter gene imaging has the sensitivity to monitor gene- and cell-based therapies in human subjects. Potential immunogenicity of current viral transgenes warrants development of human-based reporter systems. We compared human nucleoside kinase reporters to a panel of nucleoside analogs of FEAU, FMAU, and FIAU, including the first in vivo assessment of L-[(18)F]FEAU. PROCEDURES: Human isogenic U87 cell lines were transduced to express different human reporter genes including dCK-R104M/D133A (dCKDM), dCK-R104Q/D133N (dCKep16A), dCK-A100V/R104M/D133A (dCK3M), and TK2-N93D/L109F (TK2DM), and wild-type dCK (dCK) and herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSVTK) reporter gene as references...
July 8, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Ji Young Yoo, Alena C Jaime-Ramirez, Chelsea Bolyard, Hongsheng Dai, Tejaswini Nallanagulagari, Jeffrey Wojton, Brian Hurwitz, Theresa Relation, Jun-Ge Yu, Tae Jin Lee, Michael T Lotze, Jianying Zhang, Carlo M Croce, Jianhua Yu, Michael A Caligiuri, Matthew Old, Balveen Kaur
BACKGROUND: Both the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and an oncolytic herpes simplex virus-1 (oHSV) expressing GMCSF are currently FDA-approved. While proteasome blockade can increase oHSV replication, immunological consequences and consequent immunotherapy potential are unknown. In this study, we investigated the impact of bortezomib combined with oHSV on tumor cell death and sensitivity to Natural Killier (NK) cell immunotherapy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Western blot, flow cytometry, and caspase 3/7 activity assays were used to evaluate the induction of apoptosis/autophagy and/or necroptotic cell death...
July 7, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Zhuojing He, Juan Xu, Wei Tao, Ting Fu, Fang He, Ruxi Hu, Lan Jia, Yan Hong
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) DNA vaccine co‑immunized with a plasmid adjuvant containing CpG motifs. A novel eukaryotic expression plasmid vector containing kanamycin resistance gene (pcDNA3Kan) was acquired from pET‑28a(+) and pcDNA3 plasmids. A gene encoding full length HSV‑2 glycoprotein D (gD) was amplified from the pcDNA3‑gD plasmid, which was cloned into pcDNA3Kan resulting in the construction of the recombinant plasmid pcDNA3Kan‑gD (pgD)...
August 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
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