keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Protective behavior strategy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148598/job-strain-in-nursing-homes-exploring-the-impact-of-leadership
#1
Annica Backman, Karin Sjögren, Hugo Lövheim, David Edvardsson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the association between leadership behaviours, job strain and social support as perceived by direct care staff in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: It is well known that aged care staff experience high levels of job strain, and that aged care staff experiencing job strain are exposed to increased risk for adverse health effects. Managerial leadership styles have been associated to job strain in the literature, however, the impact of perceived leadership behaviors' on staff job strain and social support has not been clarified within this context...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148082/insights-into-flood-coping-appraisals-of-protection-motivation-theory-empirical-evidence-from-germany-and-france
#2
Philip Bubeck, W J Wouter Botzen, Jonas Laudan, Jeroen C J H Aerts, Annegret H Thieken
Protection motivation theory (PMT) has become a popular theory to explain the risk-reducing behavior of residents against natural hazards. PMT captures the two main cognitive processes that individuals undergo when faced with a threat, namely, threat appraisal and coping appraisal. The latter describes the evaluation of possible response measures that may reduce or avert the perceived threat. Although the coping appraisal component of PMT was found to be a better predictor of protective intentions and behavior, little is known about the factors that influence individuals' coping appraisals of natural hazards...
November 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141703/pilot-of-an-elementary-school-cough-etiquette-intervention-acceptability-feasibility-and-potential-for-sustainability
#3
Farhana Sultana, Fosiul A Nizame, Dorothy L Southern, Leanne Unicomb, Peter J Winch, Stephen P Luby
Schools convene many people together for a prolonged time, facilitating spread of respiratory pathogens and amplifying epidemics. Crowded Bangladeshi schools lack the infrastructure to support optimal cough etiquette behaviors. We collected formative data on current practices from four elementary schools, and developed and piloted a low-cost cough etiquette intervention, promoting coughing and sneezing into upper sleeves at four additional schools. We trained teachers to lead behavior change sessions during regular hygiene classes for 4 weeks...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135386/timing-of-diagnosis-understanding-resilience-narratives-of-hiv-positive-older-adults-diagnosed-pre-and-post-haart
#4
Lesley M Harris, Charles A Emlet, Christina Pierpaoli Parker, Charles Furlotte
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing population of older adults living with HIV/AIDS, few studies have examined this population in terms of timing of HIV diagnosis. This study explores resilience and protective factors among HIV-positive older adults, 17 of whom were diagnosed prior to the development of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), and 13 of whom were diagnosed after the development HAART. METHODS: We explored the concepts of resilience and protective factors in 30 older adults living with HIV in Ontario, Canada...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130870/modern-technology-to-support-carers-of-care-recipients-with-dementia-or-functional-mental-illness-promising-progress-but-a-long-road-ahead
#5
Nicola T Lautenschlager, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Samantha M Loi, Johannes Mayer, Maria Tensil, Alexander F Kurz
There is no doubt that family carers who look after a family member with dementia or with a functional mental illness fulfill an important role, not only for their loved one, but also for the health and aged care systems of the countries they live in. Due to increasing life expectancy, but also improved healthcare the number of family carers supporting older care recipients with functional mental illness or dementia is on the rise. While the carer role often can offer rewarding experiences caregivers are at increased risk of stress, depression, sleep problems, and often experience poor health outcomes with increased morbidity and mortality (Oyebode, 2003)...
December 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130634/synthesis-of-thermo-responsive-bovine-hemoglobin-imprinted-nanoparticles-by-combining-ionic-liquid-immobilization-with-aqueous-precipitation-polymerization
#6
Yongmei Wang, Chongchong Yang, Yan Sun, Fengtao Qiu, Yang Xiang, Guoqi Fu
Surface molecular imprinting over functionalized nanoparticles has proved to be an effective approach for construction of artificial nanomaterials for protein recognition. Herein, we report a strategy for synthesis of core-shell protein-imprinted nanoparticles by the functionalization of nano-cores with ionic liquids followed by aqueous precipitation polymerization to build thermo-responsive imprinted polymer nano-shells. The immobilized ionic liquids can form multiple interactions with the protein template...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130184/generation-of-high-sensitivity-monoclonal-antibodies-specific-for-homoserine-lactones
#7
Soumya Palliyil
A number of bacteria use a class of chemical compounds called acyl-homoserine lactones (AHLs) as quorum sensing (QS) signals to coordinate their behavior at the population level, including pathogens like Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Blocking QS using antibodies is an attractive strategy for infection control as this process takes a central role in P. aeruginosa infections. Here the methods involved in the generation of high sensitivity anti-QS monoclonal antibodies from an immunized sheep phage display antibody library are described...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129083/giant-valley-splitting-and-valley-polarized-plasmonics-in-group-v-transition-metal-dichalcogenide-monolayers
#8
Jian Zhou, Puru Jena
Two-dimensional group VI transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) provide a promising platform to encode and manipulate quantum information in the valleytronics. However, the two valleys are energetically degenerate, protected by time-reversal symmetry (TRS). To lift this degeneracy, one needs to break the TRS by either applying an external magnetic field or using a magnetic rare-earth oxide substrate. Here, we predict a different strategy to achieve this goal. We propose that the ferromagnetic group V TMD monolayer, in which the TRS is intrinsically broken, can produce a larger valley and spin splitting...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125463/pharmacological-augmentation-of-nicotinamide-phosphoribosyltransferase-nampt-protects-against-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#9
Peter M LoCoco, April L Risinger, Hudson R Smith, Teresa S Chavera, Kelly A Berg, William P Clarke
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) arises from collateral damage to peripheral afferent sensory neurons by anticancer pharmacotherapy, leading to debilitating neuropathic pain. No effective treatment for CIPN exists, short of dose-reduction which worsens cancer prognosis. Here we report that stimulation of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) produced robust neuroprotection in an aggressive CIPN model utilizing the frontline anticancer drug, paclitaxel (PTX). Daily treatment of rats with the first-in-class NAMPT stimulator, P7C3-A20, prevented behavioral and histologic indicators of peripheral neuropathy, stimulated tissue NAD recovery, improved general health, and abolished attrition produced by a near maximum-tolerated dose of PTX...
November 10, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121529/an-examination-of-heavy-drinking-depressed-mood-drinking-related-constructs-and-consequences-among-high-risk-college-students-using-a-person-centered-approach
#10
Irene M Geisner, Kimberly Mallett, Lindsey Varvil-Weld, Sarah Ackerman, Bradley M Trager, Rob Turrisi
INTRODUCTION: Research has identified college students who experience depressed mood and consume alcohol are at an increased risk for experiencing alcohol problems. The present study identified profiles of differential alcohol use, depression, key psychosocial indicators of drinking (e.g., normative perceptions) and examined the relationship between these profiles and alcohol-related consequences. METHOD: Students with a history of risky drinking and elevated depressed mood (n=311; 62...
October 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120192/weight-stigma-and-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-responses
#11
Mary S Himmelstein, Rebecca M Puhl, Diane M Quinn
OBJECTIVE: Considerable evidence has documented links between weight stigma and poor health, independent of weight. However, little research has assessed how individuals cope with weight stigma, and how stigma-specific coping responses contribute to health. The present study examined multiple stigma-specific coping responses as mediators of the relationship between experienced weight stigma and health. METHOD: A diverse national sample of 912 adults (53.9% female, Mage = 40...
November 9, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119676/need-for-reassurance-in-self-care-of-minor-illnesses
#12
Silje Gustafsson, Stefan Sävenstedt, Jesper Martinsson, Britt-Marie Wälivaara
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study describes people's need for reassurance in self-care of minor illnesses. BACKGROUND: Self-care and active surveillance are advocated as important strategies to manage minor illnesses. Reassurance influences patient satisfaction and confidence in the practicing of self-care. DESIGN: This study is a descriptive and interpretive qualitative study. METHODS: Twelve persons with experience in self-care and receiving self-care advice were recruited, and data were collected using semi-structured interviews between September and December 2014...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119637/verbal-responses-depressive-symptoms-reminiscence-functions-and-cognitive-emotion-regulation-in-older-women-receiving-individual-reminiscence-therapy
#13
Dongmei Wu, Taolin Chen, Hao Yang, Qiyong Gong, Xiuying Hu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of individual reminiscence therapy in community-dwelling older women with depressive symptoms, and to explore the characteristics of participants' verbalization in the process. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found reminiscence was related to depression and anxiety. Although reminiscence therapy is widely used to reduce depression, little is known about how it works, and the content of verbalizations might provide one explanation...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117511/the-role-of-mucus-as-an-invisible-cloak-to-transepithelial-drug-delivery-by-nanoparticles
#14
María García-Díaz, Ditlev Birch, Feng Wan, Hanne Mørck Nielsen
Mucosal administration of drugs and drug delivery systems has gained increasing interest. However, nanoparticles intended to protect and deliver drugs to epithelial surfaces require transport through the surface-lining mucus. Translation from bench to bedside is particularly challenging for mucosal administration since a variety of parameters will influence the specific barrier properties of the mucus including the luminal fluids, the microbiota, the mucus composition and clearance rate, and the condition of the underlying epithelia...
November 5, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117450/nutrition-strategies-before-and-during-ultra-endurance-event-a-significant-gap-between-science-and-practice
#15
Soyzana K Papadopoulou, Eleni E Xyla, Spyridon Methenitis, Konstantinos G Feidantsis, Yiannis Kotsis, Ioannis G Pagkalos, Maria N Hassapidou
The purpose of the present study was to investigate and assess the nutritional practices of open-water swimmers, during the preparation period and the competition, as well as their implications on performance and anthropometric parameters according to their age. Twenty-four (n=24) men open-water swimmers, twelve young (26.3±4.9yrs) and twelve older athletes (45.8±9.7yrs), participated in the present study. Nutritional behavior - intake-energy consumption, and anthropometric characteristics were evaluated prior to the Toroneos Gulf crossing (26Km)...
November 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112534/il1%C3%AE-inhibition-contributes-to-the-anti-nociceptive-effects-of-voluntary-exercise-on-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-hypersensitivity
#16
Jessica L Ross, Luis F Queme, Jordan E Lamb, Kathryn J Green, Zachary K Ford, Michael P Jankowski
Issues of peripheral circulation have been increasingly suggested as an underlying cause of musculoskeletal pain in many conditions, including sickle cell anemia and peripheral vascular disease. We have previously shown in our model of transient ischemia and reperfusion injury (I/R) of the forelimb that individual group III and IV muscle afferents display altered chemosensitivity and mechanical thresholds 1 d following injury. Functional alterations corresponded to increased evoked and spontaneous pain-related behaviors and decreased muscle strength and voluntary activity-all actions that echo clinical symptoms of ischemic myalgia...
October 30, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112071/the-role-of-menopause-in-tenofovir-diphosphate-and-emtricitabine-triphosphate-concentrations-in-cervical-tissue
#17
Melanie R Nicol, Lindsey M Brewers, Angela Dm Kashuba, Craig Sykes
OBJECTIVE: Although postmenopausal women have behavioral and biological risk factors for HIV infection, the activity of pre-exposure prophylaxis agents in older adults has not been well studied. DESIGN: We used an ex-vivo approach to compare the tissue concentrations of tenofovir diphosphate (TFVdp) and emtricitabine triphosphate (FTCtp) in cervical tissues from premenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHOD: Cervical explants from 16 premenopausal and 11 postmenopausal women were incubated in 10-300 μg/mL tenofovir or emtricitabine for 24 hours...
November 2, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111308/inhibition-of-microrna-210-suppresses-pro-inflammatory-response-and-reduces-acute-brain-injury-of-ischemic-stroke-in-mice
#18
Lei Huang, Qingyi Ma, Yong Li, Bo Li, Lubo Zhang
Stroke is a leading cause of mortality and chronic neurologic disability. Yet, the successful treatment remains limited. In this study, we investigated the efficacy and the mechanism of a novel treatment, microRNA-210 (miR-210) inhibition, in protecting acute ischemic brain injury in adult mice. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in adult male C57BL/6 mice. MiR-210-LNA (miR-210 inhibitor) or the negative control was administered via intracerebroventricular injection 24h prior or 4h after MCAO...
October 27, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098784/describing-the-healthcare-experiences-and-strategies-of-women-survivors-of-violence
#19
Elizabeth A Reeves, Janice C Humphreys
BACKGROUND: Survivors of traumatic life events are at increased risk for an array of negative health consequences, which can be complicated when distressing healthcare experiences act as a barrier to accessing needed care. Implications for trauma-informed and sensitive practice are well established, but evidence to-date on survivors' healthcare experiences and patient engagement is limited. DESIGN: The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to develop knowledge on women survivors' healthcare experiences and strategies...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093045/children-s-privacy-in-the-big-data-era-research-opportunities
#20
REVIEW
Kathryn C Montgomery, Jeff Chester, Tijana Milosevic
This article focuses on the privacy implications of advertising on social media, mobile apps, and games directed at children. Academic research on children's privacy has primarily focused on the safety risks involved in sharing personal information on the Internet, leaving market forces (such as commercial data collection) as a less discussed aspect of children's privacy. Yet, children's privacy in the digital era cannot be fully understood without examining marketing practices, especially in the context of "big data...
November 2017: Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
49459
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"