Read by QxMD icon Read

Safer drinking

William C Goedel, Dustin T Duncan
Background: Geosocial-networking smartphone applications (apps) have been used increasingly by men who have sex with men (MSM) to meet new sexual partners. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between contexts of app use (e.g. using apps when drinking) and condomless anal intercourse among a sample of MSM who use these apps. Methods: MSM (n=174) in New York City were recruited through Grindr, a geosocial-networking app popular among MSM, using broadcast advertisements asking MSM to complete an Internet-based survey about their app use and sexual behaviours...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Karim Adinehvand, Amin Sahebnasagh, Mehdi Hashemi-Tilehnoee
BACKGROUND: According to the world health organization, radon is a leading cause of cancer in various internal organs and should be regarded with concern. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the concentration of soluble radon in the drinking water of the city of Aliabad Katoul, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The radon concentration was measured by using a radon meter, SARAD(TM) model RTM 1688-2, according to accepted standards of evaluation...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Dominic Conroy, Richard de Visser
BACKGROUND: Evaluations of "the prototypical nondrinker" and of "the prototypical regular drinker" have been demonstrated to hold associations with more harmful drinking behavior, yet the extent to which the relative evaluation of these prototypes is associated with drinking intention remains to be tested. OBJECTIVES: To explore whether relatively unfavorable nondrinker prototypes are associated with increased drinking intention and whether this relationship is moderated by personality variables...
December 5, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Shahana Parveen, M Saiful Islam, Momtaz Begum, Mahbub-Ul Alam, Hossain M S Sazzad, Rebeca Sultana, Mahmudur Rahman, Emily S Gurley, M Jahangir Hossain, Stephen P Luby
BACKGROUND: During a fatal Nipah virus (NiV) outbreak in Bangladesh, residents rejected biomedical explanations of NiV transmission and treatment and lost trust in the public healthcare system. Field anthropologists developed and communicated a prevention strategy to bridge the gap between the biomedical and local explanation of the outbreak. METHODS: We explored residents' beliefs and perceptions about the illness and care-seeking practices and explained prevention messages following an interactive strategy with the aid of photos showed the types of contact that can lead to NiV transmission from bats to humans by drinking raw date palm sap and from person-to-person...
2016: BMC Public Health
K Lohit, Chanda Kulkarni, R B Galgali
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factors influencing the pattern and extent of anti-craving medication adherence and drinking outcomes in alcohol-dependent patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data from 102 inpatients were collected at discharge from hospital. The pattern of anti-craving medication, extent of adherence, and drinking outcome was collected at 1(st), 3(rd), 8(th), and 12(th) week follow-up. Patients' self-reported adherence, medication diary, and simplified medication adherence questionnaire were used and data were analyzed using SPSS...
April 2016: Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacotherapeutics
Michael Goodman, Aleisha Elliott, Stanley Gitari, Philip H Keiser, Lauren A Raimer-Goodman
Water quality is an important determinant of diarrheal illnesses, especially affecting children in sub-Saharan Africa. Orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa are at increased risk of poor quality drinking water, and therefore of diarrheal illness. The present study assesses primary drinking water source and typical household water purification among OVC households involved in a multi-sectoral empowerment program in semi-rural Kenya. Findings show water purification practices, but not water source, significantly increase with more time in the program...
June 2016: Journal of Water and Health
Narayan Dutt Pant, Nimesh Poudyal, Shyamal Kumar Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Water-related diseases are of great concern in developing countries like Nepal. Every year, there are countless morbidity and mortality due to the consumption of unsafe drinking water. Recently, there have been increased uses of bottled drinking water in an assumption that the bottled water is safer than the tap water and its use will help to protect from water-related diseases. So, the main objective of this study was to analyze the bacteriological quality of bottled drinking water and that of municipal tap water...
2016: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Cathy Su, Allison J Allum, Yasushi Aizawa, Takamitsu A Kato
Glyceryl glucoside (GG, α-d-glucosyglycerol) is a natural glycerol derivative found in alcoholic drinks. Recently GG has been used as an alternative for glycerol in cosmetic products. However, the safety of using GG is still unclear. Currently, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and glycerol are wildly used in cryopreservation. Despite GG being a derivative of glycerol, the ability of GG in cryopreservation is still unknown. By using a system of Chinese Hamster Ovary cells (CHO), A549 cells and AG1522 cells, the study examined the cryoprotective effects of DMSO, glycerol and GG...
August 5, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Calum Wk Chong, Sarah B Wang, Neeranjali S Jain, Cassandra S Bank, Ravjit Singh, Allan Bank, Ian C Francis, Ashish Agar
BACKGROUND: To compare the agreement between peak intraocular pressures measured through the Water Drinking Test and the Supine Test, in patients with primary open angle glaucoma. DESIGN: Consecutive, prospective, blinded PARTICIPANTS: 21 patients from the Glaucoma Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia. METHODS: For the Supine Test, intraocular pressure was recorded immediately after the patient had lain down, and at 20 and 40 minutes...
May 25, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
María Del Pilar Ramírez-Góngora, Franklyn Edwin Prieto-Alvarado
Participation in amateur street marathons has become increasingly popular and requires prior individual health risk assessment. The objective was to identify risk factors and readiness in registered runners. This was a cross-sectional study in a random sample (n = 510) of registered amateur runners 18-64 years of age, using a digital survey with IPAQ, Par-Q+, and STEPwise, with an expected physical inactivity rate of 35% (±5%). The study explored physical activity, (binge) alcohol consumption, fruit, vegetable, and salt intake, smoking, and readiness...
2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Shogo Kasuda, Kohei Tatsumi, Yoshihiko Sakurai, Midori Shima, Katsuhiko Hatake
Hemophilia A is an X-linked rescessive bleeding disorder that results from F8 gene aberrations. Previously, we established embryonic stem (ES) cells (tet-226aa/N6-Ainv18) that secrete human factor VIII (hFVIII) by introducing the human F8 gene in mouse Ainv18 ES cells. Here, we explored the potential of cell transplantation therapy for hemophilia A using the ES cells. Transplant tet-226aa/N6-Ainv18 ES cells were injected into the spleens of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-pretreated wild-type mice, and CCl4-pretreated hemophilia A mice...
June 2016: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
Gough Yumu Lui, David Roser, Richard Corkish, Nicholas J Ashbolt, Richard Stuetz
Improvements in point-of-use (POU) drinking water disinfection technologies for remote and regional communities are urgently needed. Conceptually, UV-C light-emitting diodes (LEDs) overcome many drawbacks of low-pressure mercury tube based UV devices, and UV-A or visible light LEDs also show potential. To realistically evaluate the promise of LED disinfection, our study assessed the performance of a model 1.3 L reactor, similar in size to solar disinfection bottles. In all, 12 different commercial or semi-commercial LED arrays (270-740 nm) were compared for their ability to inactivate Escherichia coli K12 ATCC W3110 and Enterococcus faecalis ATCC 19433 over 6h...
May 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Jibran Y Khokhar, Alan I Green
Alcohol use disorder in patients with schizophrenia dramatically worsens their clinical course, and few treatment options are available. Clozapine appears to reduce alcohol use in these patients, but its toxicity limits its use. To create a safer clozapine-like drug, we tested whether the antipsychotic iloperidone, a drug that combines a weak dopamine D2 receptor blockade and a potent norepinephrine alpha-2 receptor blockade would reduce alcohol drinking, and whether its effect on alcohol drinking could be increased if combined with an agent to facilitate norepinephrine activity...
June 2016: Neuropharmacology
Layla Alhyas, Ahmed El Kashef, Hamad AlGhaferi
Energy drinks have become a popular beverage worldwide. This review was carried out to have an overview among adolescents and emerging adults in the Gulf Co-operation Council states about energy drinks consumption rates and other related issues such as starting age and patterns of energy drink consumption. The Medline and Embase databases were searched separately using different terms such as energy drinks, energy beverages, and caffeinated drinks. Data related to the rates of energy drinks use were entered in STATA for statistical analysis...
January 2016: JRSM Open
Katleen J R Vallons, Lizette A A C M Oudhuis, Harold J Helmens, Cor Kistemaker
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a gum-containing thickener maintains its viscosity better during oral processing than a completely starch-based thickener. METHODS: Thirty-five healthy volunteers participated in a double-blind, cross-over study. Artificial tap water was thickened to honey-like consistency (effective viscosity of 1,300±100 mPa·s at a shear rate of 50 per second at 20℃) with a starch-based thickener (SB) or a gum-containing thickener (GC). Bolus viscosity was determined after standardized oral processing of the thickened water by the subjects for 10 and 20 seconds...
October 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jing Tang, Lin Tang, Chang Zhang, Guangming Zeng, Yaocheng Deng, Haoran Dong, Jingjing Wang, Yanan Wu
Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) derived from plastic pipes widely used in water distribution definitely influence our daily drinking water quality. There are still few scientific or integrated studies on the release and degradation of the migrating chemicals in pipelines. This investigation was carried out at field sites along a pipeline in Changsha, China. Two chemicals, 2, 4-tert-buthylphenol and 1, 3-diphenylguanidine, were found to be migrating from high density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe material...
October 2015: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Mufaro Kanyangarara, Evelyn Kuor Kumoji, Ditsotlhe Ketlogetswe, Marina Anderson, Heena Brahmbhatt
This study evaluated the correlates of three alcohol measures using a cross-sectional survey conducted among patrons of alcohol-serving venues in Gaborone, Botswana from October 2012 to February 2013. Using logistic regression, we found that engaging in higher levels of sexual risk behaviors was significantly associated with frequent drinking (at least 3 times a week), heavy episodic drinking (more than 6 standard units of alcohol at least weekly) and probable alcohol dependence (AUDIT score ≥20). Additionally, having higher levels of alcohol expectancies that increase the risk of HIV infection was significantly associated with probable alcohol dependence...
March 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Steven A Safren, Kenneth H Mayer, San-San Ou, Marybeth McCauley, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Mina C Hosseinipour, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Theresa Gamble, Irving Hoffman, David Celentano, Ying Qing Chen, Myron S Cohen
BACKGROUND: Combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV-1-infected individuals prevents sexual transmission if viral load is suppressed. METHODS: Participants were HIV-1-infected partners randomized to early ART (CD4 350-550) in HPTN052 (n = 886, median follow-up = 2.1 years), a clinical trial of early ART to prevent sexual transmission of HIV-1 in serodiscordant couples at 13 sites in 9 countries. Adherence was assessed through pill count (dichotomized at <95%) and through self-report items...
June 1, 2015: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Jibran Y Khokhar, David T Chau, Ree Dawson, Alan I Green
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorder commonly occurs in patients with schizophrenia. Most antipsychotic drugs do not lessen alcohol use; although the atypical antipsychotic clozapine has been shown to reduce alcohol use in patients with schizophrenia, its toxicity severely limits its use in patients. With an eye toward creation of a safer clozapine-like drug, we have investigated the pharmacological basis of the clozapine's effects on alcohol drinking in the Syrian golden hamster. In this animal, as in patients with schizophrenia, clozapine reduces alcohol drinking while the typical antipsychotic haloperidol does not...
July 1, 2015: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Nancy Muturi
Women in sub-Saharan Africa account for more than half (58%) of people living with the HIV and it is the only continent where HIV prevalence is higher for women than for men. Studies have attributed alcoholism with the high rates of HIV infection due to its impact on sexual behaviour and arousal. African countries with high rates of alcoholism also reportedly have higher rates of HIV infection. This study explores rural communities' perspectives on the risk factors for HIV infection among women who are in alcohol discordant relationships where the man drinks alcohol excessively...
2015: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"