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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733341/drinking-in-later-life-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies-exploring-older-people-s-perceptions-and-experiences
#1
Bethany Kate Bareham, Eileen Kaner, Liam Patrick Spencer, Barbara Hanratty
Background: alcohol presents risks to the health of older adults at levels that may have been 'safer' earlier in life. Moderate drinking is associated with some health benefits, and can play a positive role in older people's social lives. To support healthy ageing, we must understand older people's views with regards to their drinking. This study aims to synthesise qualitative evidence exploring the perceptions and experiences of alcohol use by adults aged 50 years and over. Methods: a pre-specified search strategy was applied to Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases from starting dates...
May 4, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723836/occurrence-distribution-and-risk-assessment-of-organophosphate-esters-in-surface-water-and-sediment-from-a-shallow-freshwater-lake-china
#2
Liqun Xing, Qin Zhang, Xu Sun, Hongxia Zhu, Shenghu Zhang, Huaizhou Xu
Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are ubiquitous in the environment and pose a potential threat to ecosystem and human health. This study investigated the concentrations, distributions and risk of 12 OPEs in surface water and sediment from Luoma Lake, Fangting River and Yi River. Solid-phase extraction (SPE) method were used to extract OPEs from water samples, ultrasonic process and SPE method were used to extract OPEs from sediment samples, and the extracts were finally analyzed using the HPLC-MS/MS. The results revealed that the median and maximum concentrations of ΣOPEs were 73...
April 30, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702333/an-exploratory-study-of-long-haul-truck-drivers-secondary-tasks-and-reasons-for-performing-them
#3
Tobias Iseland, Emma Johansson, Siri Skoog, Anna M Dåderman
Research on drivers has shown how certain visual-manual secondary tasks, unrelated to driving, increase the risk of being involved in crashes. The purpose of the study was to investigate (1) if long-haul truck drivers in Sweden engage in secondary tasks while driving, what tasks are performed and how frequently, (2) the drivers' self-perceived reason/s for performing them, and (3) if psychological factors might reveal reasons for their engaging in secondary tasks. The study comprised 13 long-haul truck drivers and was conducted through observations, interviews, and questionnaires...
April 24, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604526/alcohol-use-and-change-over-time-in-firearm-safety-among-families-with-young-children
#4
Alexa Martin-Storey, Kate C Prickett, Robert Crosnoe
BACKGROUND: Improperly stored firearms pose a clear health risk to children. Previous research concurrently links alcohol use with lower levels of firearm safety. The objectives of this study were to assess (1) how families move from unsafe to safer firearm storage practices and (2) how parental drinking was associated with moving away from unsafe firearm storage practices. METHODS: This study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, 2003 when children were two years old and again when they were four years old...
March 26, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152966/the-knowledge-and-high-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-a-in-a-high-risk-group-agricultural-reproductive-aged-women-in-the-southeastern-region-of-turkey
#5
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Muhsin Akbaba
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of antihepatitis A virus (HAV), risk factors, and the knowledge of female farm workers living in the Southeastern Anatolia Region (SAR) of Turkey. Materials and methods: This representative cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and April of 2013 in the SAR. A total of 705 reproductive-aged women were randomly selected by clustering method using Epi Info software. The sera were analyzed for anti-HAV antibodies using ELISA...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016708/testing-the-efficacy-of-alcohol-labels-with-standard-drink-information-and-national-drinking-guidelines-on-consumers-ability-to-estimate-alcohol-consumption
#6
Erin Hobin, Kate Vallance, Fei Zuo, Tim Stockwell, Laura Rosella, Alice Simniceanu, Christine White, David Hammond
Aims: Despite the introduction of national drinking guidelines in Canada, there is limited public knowledge of them and low understanding of 'standard drinks (SDs)' which limits the likelihood of guidelines affecting drinking behaviour. This study tests the efficacy of alcohol labels with SD information and Canada's Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines (LRDGs) as compared to %ABV labels on consumers' ability to estimate alcohol intake. It also examines the label size and format that best supports adults' ability to make informed drinking choices...
January 1, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979349/seroprevalence-of-human-fasciolosis-in-lorestan-province-western-iran-in-2015-16
#7
Peyman Heydarian, Keyhan Ashrafi, Mehdi Mohebali, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Mojgan Aryaeipour, Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Hamid Mokhayeri, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Mohammad Bagher Rokni
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was the seroepidemiological survey for detecting the status of human fasciolosis in Lorestan Province, western Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015-16. Based on statistical estimations, 1256 serum samples were collected from different parts of Lorestan Province, western Iran, and stored at -20 °C until use. The collected serum samples were analyzed at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran using indirect ELISA method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887751/hiv-prevention-among-women-who-use-substances-and-report-sex-work-risk-groups-identified-among-south-african-women
#8
Wendee M Wechsberg, Courtney Peasant, Tracy Kline, William A Zule, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Felicia A Browne, Colby Gabel, Charles van der Horst
This cross-sectional study presents baseline data from women (n = 641) in a community-based randomized trial in Pretoria, South Africa. Women were eligible if they reported recent alcohol or other drug (AOD) use and condomless sex. Latent class analyses were conducted separately for those who reported sex work and those who did not. Among those who reported sex work, a Risky Sex class (n = 72, 28%) and Low Sexual Risk class (n = 190, 73%) emerged. Those in the Risky Sex class were more likely to report that their last episode of sexual intercourse was with their boyfriend (vs...
November 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857060/observations-and-lessons-learnt-from-more-than-a-decade-of-water-safety-planning-in-south-east-asia
#9
David Sutherland
In many countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region, drinking water is not used directly from the tap and faecal contamination of water sources is prevalent. As reflected in Sustainable Development Goal 6, access to safer drinking water is one of the most successful ways of preventing disease. The WHO Water Safety Framework promotes the use of water safety plans (WSPs), which are structured tools that help identify and mitigate potential risks throughout a water-supply system, from the water source to the point of use...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807472/a-survey-of-domestic-wells-and-pit-latrines-in-rural-settlements-of-mali-implications-of-on-site-sanitation-on-the-quality-of-water-supplies
#10
P Martínez-Santos, M Martín-Loeches, N García-Castro, D Solera, S Díaz-Alcaide, E Montero, J García-Rincón
On-site sanitation is generally advocated as a means to eradicate the health hazards associated with open defecation. While this has provided a welcome upgrade to the livelihoods of millions of people in low-income countries, improved sanitation facilities are increasingly becoming a threat to domestic groundwater-based supplies. Within this context, a survey of pit latrines, domestic wells and improved water sources was carried out in a large rural village of southern Mali. All households were surveyed for water, sanitation and hygiene habits...
October 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647882/leaching-of-phthalate-esters-from-different-drinking-stuffs-and-their-subsequent-biodegradation
#11
Muhammad Ali Surhio, Farah N Talpur, Shafi M Nizamani, Marvi Kanwal Talpur, Hassan Imran Afridi, Abid Ali Khaskheli, Shazia Bhurgri, Junaid Ali Surhio
Phthalate esters (PAEs) are mainly used as plasticizers, and their release in the environment during the manufacturing, use, and disposal has caused serious environmental health concerns, since some of them are suspected to be mutagens, hepatotoxic agents, and carcinogens. In the present study, leaching of PAEs from different drinking stuffs (water cooler, mineral water bottles) exposed to sunlight and baby feeders subjected to different heating treatments (boiling, autoclave and oven) was studied. Results showed that a total of 10 PAEs were leached and identified...
August 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552550/endocrine-disrupting-compounds-in-drinking-water-supply-system-and-human-health-risk-implication
#12
REVIEW
Sze Yee Wee, Ahmad Zaharin Aris
To date, experimental and epidemiological evidence of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) adversely affecting human and animal populations has been widely debated. Notably, human health risk assessment is required for risk mitigation. The lack of human health risk assessment and management may thus unreliably regulate the quality of water resources and efficiency of treatment processes. Therefore, drinking water supply systems (DWSSs) may be still unwarranted in assuring safe access to potable drinking water...
September 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528546/predictors-of-drinking-water-boiling-and-bottled-water-consumption-in-rural-china-a-hierarchical-modeling-approach
#13
Alasdair Cohen, Qi Zhang, Qing Luo, Yong Tao, John M Colford, Isha Ray
Approximately two billion people drink unsafe water. Boiling is the most commonly used household water treatment (HWT) method globally and in China. HWT can make water safer, but sustained adoption is rare and bottled water consumption is growing. To successfully promote HWT, an understanding of associated socioeconomic factors is critical. We collected survey data and water samples from 450 rural households in Guangxi Province, China. Covariates were grouped into blocks to hierarchically construct modified Poisson models and estimate risk ratios (RR) associated with boiling methods, bottled water, and untreated water...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446882/modified-low-dose-triiodo-l-thyronine-therapy-safely-improves-function-following-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#14
Viswanathan Rajagopalan, Youhua Zhang, Christine Pol, Clifford Costello, Samantha Seitter, Ann Lehto, Olga V Savinova, Yue-Feng Chen, A Martin Gerdes
Background: We have shown that thyroid hormones (THs) are cardioprotective and can be potentially used as safe therapeutic agents for diabetic cardiomyopathy and permanent infarction. However, no reliable, clinically translatable protocol exists for TH treatment of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We hypothesized that modified low-dose triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) therapy would confer safe therapeutic benefits against IR injury. Methods: Adult female rats underwent left coronary artery ligation for 60 min or sham surgeries...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436736/are-you-okay-to-drive-commuting-behavior-and-blood-alcohol-concentrations-among-restaurant-diners
#15
Bridie Scott-Parker, Leanne Stokes, Shane Panaho, Megan Cawkwell, Jamie Caldwell
OBJECTIVE: Drink driving is widely recognized as a major road safety problem. In Australia, health promotion messages encourage monitoring the number of standard drinks consumed prior to driving. This pilot research aimed to investigate commuting behavior and blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of diners, including intended drivers, at Sunshine Coast restaurants. METHODS: Five hundred and forty-four diners (n = 260 males) consented to participate in a brief interview and to use a breathalyzer device to measure their BAC...
October 3, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278044/effect-of-animal-products-and-extracts-on-wound-healing-promotion-in-topical-applications-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Supamas Napavichayanun, Pornanong Aramwit
Wound healing is a natural process of body reaction to repair itself after injury. Nonetheless, many internal and external factors such as aging, comorbidity, stress, smoking, alcohol drinking, infections, malnutrition, or wound environment significantly affect the quality and speed of wound healing. The unsuitable conditions may delay wound healing process and cause chronic wound or scar formation. Therefore, many researches have attempted to search for agents that can accelerate wound healing with safety and biocompatibility to human body...
June 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135568/behaviours-and-attitudes-of-recreational-fishers-toward-safety-at-a-blackspot-for-fishing-fatalities-in-western-australia
#17
Randall Jasper, Barbara A Stewart, Andrew Knight
Issue addressed Recreational fishing, particularly rock fishing, can be dangerous; 30 fatalities were recorded in Western Australia from 2002-2014. This study investigates differences in behaviours and attitudes towards safety among fishers at a fishing fatality 'black spot' in Australia. Methods A total of 236 fishers were surveyed at Salmon Holes, Western Australia in 2015. Fishers were grouped by country of origin and significant differences among groups for behaviours and attitudes towards personal safety were identified...
August 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068977/alcohol-management-plans-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-indigenous-australian-communities-in-queensland-community-residents-have-experienced-favourable-impacts-but-also-suffered-unfavourable-ones
#18
Alan R Clough, Stephen A Margolis, Adrian Miller, Anthony Shakeshaft, Christopher M Doran, Robyn McDermott, Robert Sanson-Fisher, Valmae Ypinazar, David Martin, Jan A Robertson, Michelle S Fitts, Katrina Bird, Bronwyn Honorato, Simon Towle, Caryn West
BACKGROUND: In Australia, 'Alcohol Management Plans' (AMPs) provide the policy infrastructure for State and Commonwealth Governments to address problematic alcohol use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. We report community residents' experiences of AMPs in 10 of Queensland's 15 remote Indigenous communities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a two-stage sampling strategy: N = 1211; 588 (48%) males, 623 (52%) females aged ≥18 years in 10 communities...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025737/substance-use-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-black-south-african-men-who-have-sex-with-men-the-moderating-effects-of-reasons-for-drinking-and-safer-sex-intentions
#19
Justin Knox, Vasu Reddy, Tim Lane, Deborah Hasin, Theo Sandfort
Research studies suggest an association between substance use and sexual risk behavior, but are not completely consistent. The moderating effects of other psychosocial factors might help explain these inconsistencies. The current study therefore assessed whether substance use is associated with sexual risk behavior, and whether this relationship is modified by expectancies about the effects of alcohol, reasons for consuming alcohol, or intentions to engage in safe sex. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 480 black South African men who have sex with men recruited using respondent-driven sampling...
July 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923155/user-preferences-and-willingness-to-pay-for-safe-drinking-water-experimental-evidence-from-rural-tanzania
#20
Zachary Burt, Robert M Njee, Yolanda Mbatia, Veritas Msimbe, Joe Brown, Thomas F Clasen, Hamisi M Malebo, Isha Ray
Almost half of all deaths from drinking microbiologically unsafe water occur in Sub-Saharan Africa. Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) systems, when consistently used, can provide safer drinking water and improve health. Social marketing to increase adoption and use of HWTS depends both on the prices of and preferences for these systems. This study included 556 households from rural Tanzania across two low-income districts with low-quality water sources. Over 9 months in 2012 and 2013, we experimentally evaluated consumer preferences for six "low-cost" HWTS options, including boiling, through an ordinal ranking protocol...
January 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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