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Lynne E Angus, Tali Boritz, Emily Bryntwick, Naomi Carpenter, Christianne Macaulay, Jasmine Khattra
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that it is not simply the expression of emotion or emotional arousal in session that is important, but rather it is the reflective processing of emergent, adaptive emotions, arising in the context of personal storytelling and/or Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) interventions, that is associated with change. METHOD: To enhance narrative-emotion integration specifically in EFT, Angus and Greenberg originally identified a set of eight clinically derived narrative-emotion integration markers were originally identified for the implementation of process-guiding therapeutic responses...
October 24, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Keishi Mizuguchi, Hiroshi Minato, Hitomi Onishi, Yuki Mitani, Jun Kawai
Primary pulmonary neoplasms of the Ewing family of tumors (EFT) are extremely rare and usually occur in adolescents or young adults. Only about 40 cases of pulmonary EFT have been reported in English literature, and no cytological studies have been documented. In this report, we describe the cytopathological findings of a primary pulmonary EFT in an elderly patient. A 70-year-old man sought care because of a progressing cough and dyspnea. Chest computed tomography revealed a circumscribed mass of 6 cm in the left upper lobe...
September 2016: Thoracic Cancer
Kyoung Im Cho, Jung Ho Heo, Hyun Soo Kim, Sung Il Im, Tae Joon Cha
OBJECTIVE: Epicardial fat tissue reflects visceral adiposity and inflammation, and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been investigated as important inflammatory marker in cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate the relationship of echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and NLR with diurnal blood pressure (BP) changes in patients with recently diagnosed essential hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: A total of 647 hypertensive patients underwent echocardiography and 24-hours ambulatory BP monitoring...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha, Janneke Koerts, Meryem Grabski, Klaus W Lange, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Lara Tucha
OBJECTIVES: It has been shown that an increasing number of adults deliberately feign attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which demonstrates the need for new tests designed to detect feigned ADHD. METHODS: An Embedded Figures Test (EFT) was developed for the detection of feigned ADHD in adulthood. EFT performance of 51 adults with ADHD was compared to the performance of 52 matched healthy individuals, as well as to 268 undergraduate students who were randomly allocated in a simulation design to one of four experimental conditions, i...
2016: PloS One
Wenchao Huang, Naresh Chandrasekaran, Shyamal K K Prasad, Eliot Gann, Lars Thomsen, Dinesh Kabra, Justin M Hodgkiss, Yi-Bing Cheng, Christopher R McNeill
Here a comprehensive study of the influence of polymer:fullerene mixing behavior on the performance, thin-film microstructure, photophysics and device physics of polymer solar cells is presented. In particular, blends of the donor polymer PBDTTT-EFT with the acceptor PC71BM that exhibit power conversion efficiencies over 9% are investigated. Through tuning of the fullerene concentration in PBDTTT-EFT:PC71BM blends the impact of fullerene mixing behavior is systematically investigated via a combination of synchrotron based X-ray scattering and spectroscopy techniques...
October 5, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
M J Gullans, J D Thompson, Y Wang, Q-Y Liang, V Vuletić, M D Lukin, A V Gorshkov
We develop an effective field theory (EFT) to describe the few- and many-body propagation of one-dimensional Rydberg polaritons. We show that the photonic transmission through the Rydberg medium can be found by mapping the propagation problem to a nonequilibrium quench, where the role of time and space are reversed. We include effective range corrections in the EFT and show that they dominate the dynamics near scattering resonances in the presence of deep bound states. Finally, we show how the long-range nature of the Rydberg-Rydberg interactions induces strong effective N-body interactions between Rydberg polaritons...
September 9, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Kyoung Im Cho, Jung Ho Heo, Hyun Soo Kim, Sung Il Im, Tae Joon Cha
OBJECTIVE: Epicardial fat tissue reflects visceral adiposity and inflammation, and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been investigated as important inflammatory marker in cardiovascular disease. We aimed to investigate the relationship of echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and NLR with diurnal blood pressure (BP) changes in patients with recently diagnosed essential hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: A total of 647 hypertensive patients underwent echocardiography and 24-hours ambulatory BP monitoring...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Amy H Gaesser, Orv C Karan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to compare the efficacy of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) with that of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) in reducing adolescent anxiety. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. SETTINGS: This study took place in 10 schools (8 public/2 private; 4 high schools/6 middle schools) in 2 northeastern states in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-three high-ability students in grades 6-12, ages 10-18 years, who scored in the moderate to high ranges for anxiety on the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale-2 (RCMAS-2) were randomly assigned to CBT (n = 21), EFT (n = 21), or waitlist control (n = 21) intervention groups...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Ankur Solanki, Anirban Bagui, Guankui Long, Bo Wu, Teddy Salim, Yongsheng Chen, Yeng Ming Lam, Tze Chien Sum
External electric field treatment (EFT) on P3HT:PCBM bulk heterojunction (BHJ) devices was recently found to be a viable approach to improving the power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) through modulating the blend nanomorpholo-gy. However, its effectiveness over the broad family of polymer-fullerene blends remains unclear. Herein, we investigate the effects of external EFT on various polymer-fullerene blends with distinct morphologies stemming from the differ-ence in molecular structure of the polymers (i.e...
September 13, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Cihan Altin, Leyla Elif Sade, Esin Gezmis, Mustafa Yilmaz, Necmi Ozen, Haldun Muderrisoglu
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a combination of multiple cardiovascular (CV) risk factors including insulin resistance (IR). Carotid, femoral intima media thickness (IMT), and epicardial fat thickness (EFT) are considered as novel cardiometabolic risk factors. We aimed to test the hypothesis that carotid, femoral IMT, and EFT are increased in patients with IR. METHODS: We enrolled consecutively and prospectively 113 patients with IR. Then we collected data from an age- and sex-matched control group of 112 individuals without IR...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Ahmet Goktug Ertem, Mehmet Erdogan, Cemal Koseoglu, Gulsen Akoglu, Elcin Ozdemir, Gamze Koseoglu, Serkan Sivri, Telat Keles, Tahir Durmaz, Akın Aktas, Engin Bozkurt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lichen planus (LP) is a mucocutaneous inflammatory disease. Inflammation plays a major role in the progression of atherosclerosis. Epicardial fat tissue (EFT) has been shown to produce and secrete various proatherogenic and proinflammatory hormones and cytokines. The aim of this study was to assess EFT in patients with lichen planus. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with LP and 50 controls were enrolled in the study. LP was diagnosed according to the World Health Organization criteria...
October 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
Kimiaki Utsugisawa, Yuriko Nagane, Tetsuya Akaishi, Yasushi Suzuki, Tomihiro Imai, Emiko Tsuda, Naoya Minami, Akiyuki Uzawa, Naoki Kawaguchi, Masayuki Masuda, Shingo Konno, Hidekazu Suzuki, Hiroyuki Murai, Masashi Aoki
PURPOSE: We sought to clarify the effects of early fast-acting treatment (EFT) strategies on the time course for achieving the treatment target in generalized myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: This retrospective study of 923 consecutive MG patients analyzed 688 generalized MG patients who had received immunotherapy during the disease course. The time course to first achieve minimal manifestations (MM) or better while receiving prednisolone at ≤5 mg/day for ≥6 months (MM-or-better-5mg) up to 120 months after starting immunotherapies was compared between the EFT and non-EFT patients...
September 7, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Jeffrey S Stein, A George Wilson, Mikhail N Koffarnus, Tinuke Oluyomi Daniel, Leonard H Epstein, Warren K Bickel
RATIONALE: Delay discounting, or the devaluation of delayed outcomes, appears to play an etiological role in tobacco and other substance-use disorders. OBJECTIVES: No human studies to our knowledge have been designed to examine whether experimental reductions in delay discounting produce concomitant reduction in drug use. METHODS: Using methods from prior studies on delay discounting and obesity, we examined the effects of episodic future thinking (EFT; a form of mental prospection) on delay discounting and cigarette self-administration in smokers...
October 2016: Psychopharmacology
Dawson Church, Terry Sparks, Morgan Clond
Prior research indicates elevated but subclinical posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as a risk factor for a later diagnosis of PTSD. This study examined the progression of symptoms in 21 subclinical veterans. Participants were randomized into a treatment as usual (TAU) wait-list group and an experimental group, which received TAU plus six sessions of clinical emotional freedom techniques (EFT). Symptoms were assessed using the PCL-M (Posttraumatic Checklist-Military) on which a score of 35 or higher indicates increased risk for PTSD...
September 2016: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Dawson Church, Garret Yount, Kenneth Rachlin, Louis Fox, Jerrod Nelms
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of measuring changes in gene expression associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment using emotional freedom techniques (EFT). DESIGN: Participants were randomized into an EFT group receiving EFT and treatment as usual (TAU) throughout a 10-week intervention period and a group receiving only TAU during the intervention period and then receiving EFT. SETTING: A community clinic and a research institute in California...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Alessia Catalano, Rosaria Luciani, Alessia Carocci, Debora Cortesi, Cecilia Pozzi, Chiara Borsari, Stefania Ferrari, Stefano Mangani
Infections caused by Enterococcus faecalis (Ef) represent nowadays a relevant health problem. We selected Thymidylate synthase (TS) from this organism as a potential specific target for antibacterial therapy. We have previously demonstrated that species-specific inhibition of the protein can be achieved despite the relatively high structural similarity among bacterial TSs and human TS. We had previously obtained the EfTS crystal structure of the protein in complex with the metabolite 5-formyl-tetrahydrofolate (5-FTHF) suggesting the protein role as metabolite reservoir; however, protein-inhibitors complexes were still missing...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Eugénia Ribeiro, Carla Cunha, Ana Sofia Teixeira, William B Stiles, Nuno Pires, Beatriz Santos, Isabel Basto, João Salgado
OBJECTIVE: The Assimilation model argues that therapists should work responsively within the client's therapeutic zone of proximal development (TZPD). This study analyzed the association between the collaborative processes assessed by the Therapeutic Collaboration Coding System (TCCS) and advances in assimilation, as assessed by the Assimilation of Problematic Experiences Scale (APES). METHOD: Sessions 1, 4, 8, 12, and 16 of two contrasting cases, Julia and Afonso (pseudonyms), drawn from a clinical trial of 16-sessions emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for depression, were coded according to the APES and the TCCS...
November 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
Martin Sebastian Staege
Gene Expression Music Algorithm (GEMusicA) is a method for the transformation of DNA microarray data into melodies that can be used for the characterization of differentially expressed genes. Using this method we compared gene expression profiles from endothelial cells (EC), hematopoietic stem cells, neuronal stem cells, embryonic stem cells (ESC), and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and defined a set of genes that can discriminate between the different stem cell types. We analyzed the behavior of public microarray data sets from Ewing sarcoma ("Ewing family tumors," EFT) cell lines and biopsies in GEMusicA after prefiltering DNA microarray data for the probe sets from the stem cell signature...
2016: Stem Cells International
Danbei Wang, Weixin Zhou, Huan Liu, Yanwen Ma, Hongmei Zhang
UNLABELLED: In this work, an efficient flexible polymer solar cell was achieved by controlling the UV-ozone treatment time of silver nanowires (Ag NWs) used in the electrode and combined with other modification materials. Through optimizing the time of UV-ozone treatment, it is shown that Ag NWs electrode treated by UV-ozone for 10 s improves the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the device based on the blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene)(P3HT): [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) from 0...
August 19, 2016: Nanotechnology
S Mariani, D Costantini, C Lubrano, S Basciani, C Caldaroni, G Barbaro, E Poggiogalle, L M Donini, A Lenzi, L Gnessi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obesity is increasing worldwide and is related to undesirable cardiovascular outcomes. Epicardial fat (EF), the heart visceral fat depot, increases with obesity and correlates with cardiovascular risk. SIRT1, an enzyme regulating metabolic circuits linked with obesity, has a cardioprotective effect and is a predictor of cardiovascular events. We aimed to assess the relationship of EF thickness (EFT) with circulating SIRT1 in patients with obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-two patients affected by obesity and 23 lean controls were studied...
June 16, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
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