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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427891/local-global-processing-bias-is-not-a-unitary-individual-difference-in-visual-processing
#1
Rebecca Chamberlain, Ruth Van der Hallen, Hanne Huygelier, Sander Van de Cruys, Johan Wagemans
A large body of research reports individual differences in local and global visual processing in relation to expertise, culture and psychopathology. However, recent research has suggested that various different measures of local-global processing are not strongly associated with one another, calling its construct validity into question. The current study sought to further explore the validity of local-global processing biases in perception by developing three tasks based on two existing paradigms: the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) and the Navon hierarchical letters task...
April 17, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421776/drugs-via-enteral-feeding-tubes-in-inpatients-dispersion-analysis-and-safe-use-of-dispensers
#2
Milena Pontes Portela Beserra, Cristiani Lopes Capistrano Gonçalves De Oliveira, Mileyde Ponte Portela, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Marta Maria de França Fonteles
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to improve knowledge about drug administration through enteral feeding tubes (EFTs) in order to minimize efficacy and safety problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed in a public secondary care hospital with level II accreditation by the National Accreditation Organization (Organização Nacional de Acreditação ONA), in Fortaleza, Ceará, north-eastern Brazil. RESULTS: One hundred and eight oral solid medications that could be administered through EFTs and were not available in liquid forms were evaluated via transformation of their solid dosage forms into liquid forms...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419496/emotionally-focused-couple-therapy-for-parents-raising-a-child-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-pilot-study
#3
Nicholas A Lee, James L Furrow, Brent A Bradley
Many couples raising children diagnosed with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are often resilient in confronting unique parental demands, while others experience greater risk for relational distress. Research has shown that Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) is efficacious with couples raising chronically ill children and relevant to the relational demands of parents of children diagnosed with an ASD. This pilot study tested the effectiveness of EFT with seven couples presenting with moderate to severe distress, who were also parents of a child diagnosed with an ASD...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353314/chemerin-as-a-marker-of-subclinical-cardiac-involvement-in-psoriatic-patients
#4
Feyza Aksu, Mustafa Caliskan, Nursen Keles, Aybala Erek Toprak, Tugba Kevser Uzuncakmak, Osman Kostek, Yusuf Yilmaz, Kenan Demircioglu, Esad Cekin, Ibrahim Ozturk, Ayse Serap Karadag
BACKGROUND: Chemerin has been associated with psoriasis and inflammation, but there are no studies demonstrating an association between chemerin and subclinical cardiac involvement in psoriatic patients. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate whether psoriatic patients with increased epicardial fat tissue (EFT), impaired flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), and diastolic dysfunction have higher serum chemerin levels than a healthy control group. METHODS: The study included 60 psoriatic patients and 32 healthy controls...
March 29, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351547/the-road-to-union-protocol-for-the-reconstruction-of-isolated-complex-high-energy-tibial-trauma
#5
Erik Hohmann, Franz Birkholtz, Vaida Glatt, Kevin Tetsworth
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe a standardized staged approach, "The Road to Union", for the reconstruction of isolated complex tibial trauma, both acute and chronic in nature. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients treated for complex tibial trauma at a specialized limb reconstruction centre, including acute open fracture as well as infected and aseptic non-unions. This standardized approach includes eight specific steps, employed in sequence...
March 18, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346857/the-influence-of-epicardial-fat-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-on-heart-rate-recovery-in-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Kyoung Im Cho, Eun Ah Jo, Sang Hoon Cho, Bo Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Epicardial adipose tissues reflecting visceral fat accumulations of the heart are associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and can be a predictor of other cardiometabolic diseases. It can adversely influence autonomic nervous system (ANS) of heart. Heart rate recovery (HRR) is an easy method for measuring ANS dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are related to HRR in patients with MetS...
March 27, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345427/emotional-freedom-techniques-eft-as-a-practice-for-supporting-chronic-disease-healthcare-a-practitioners-perspective
#7
Mahima Kalla, Margaret Simmons, Anske Robinson, Peta Stapleton
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to explore Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) practitioners' experiences of using EFT to support chronic disease patients. This was part of a larger study exploring chronic disease patients' and EFT practitioners' experiences of using EFT to support chronic disease healthcare. METHODS: A qualitative approach was deemed suitable for this study. Eight practitioners were interviewed using semi-structured interviews via telephone or Zoom (an online video-conferencing platform)...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303111/episodic-future-thinking-about-the-ideal-self-induces-lower-discounting-leading-to-a-decreased-tendency-toward-cheating
#8
Wen-Hsiung Wu, Wen Cheng, Wen-Bin Chiou
Delay discounting refers to a pervasive tendency toward preferring smaller immediate gains over larger future gains. Recent empirical research has shown that episodic future thinking (EFT; i.e., projecting oneself into the future to pre-experience forthcoming events) can reduce the tendency toward discounting. A common tenet of psychological theories of crime is that delinquency results from focusing on short-term gains while failing to consider adequately the longer-term consequences of delinquent behavior...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282631/does-goal-relevant-episodic-future-thinking-amplify-the-effect-on-delay-discounting
#9
Sara O'Donnell, Tinuke Oluyomi Daniel, Leonard H Epstein
Delay discounting (DD) is the preference for smaller immediate rewards over larger delayed rewards. Research shows episodic future thinking (EFT), or mentally simulating future experiences, reframes the choice between small immediate and larger delayed rewards, and can reduce DD. Only general EFT has been studied, whereby people reframe decisions in terms of non-goal related future events. Since future thinking is often goal-oriented and leads to greater activation of brain regions involved in prospection, goal-oriented EFT may be associated with greater reductions in DD than general goal-unrelated EFT...
March 7, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261292/epicardial-fat-thickness-and-oxidative-stress-parameters-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#10
Ali Aydogdu, Emel Yigit Karakas, Emre Erkus, İbrahim Halil Altıparmak, Emin Savık, Turgay Ulas, Tevfik Sabuncu
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid disorders are known to be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Epicardial fat thickness (EFT) and oxidative stress are also believed to be major risk factors for cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible relationship between oxidative stress parameters and EFT in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 individuals (30 patients with SCH and 30 healthy controls) were recruited for the study...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221059/emotion-focused-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-results-from-a-multiple-baseline-study
#11
Ben Shahar, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eve Alon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for adults suffering from social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: Using a nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design, 12 patients (mean age = 26.75 years, SD = 5.15; 7 males) meeting criteria for SAD were treated with up to 28 sessions of EFT. EFT was based on an empathic relationship, 2-chair work for self-criticism, empty-chair work for unresolved feelings, and focusing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208604/reducing-fall-risk-with-combined-motor-and-cognitive-training-in-elderly-fallers
#12
Francesco Barban, Roberta Annicchiarico, Matteo Melideo, Alessia Federici, Maria Giovanna Lombardi, Simone Giuli, Claudia Ricci, Fulvia Adriano, Ivo Griffini, Manuel Silvestri, Massimo Chiusso, Sergio Neglia, Sergio Ariño-Blasco, Raquel Cuevas Perez, Yannis Dionyssiotis, Georgios Koumanakos, Milo Kovačeić, Nuria Montero-Fernández, Oscar Pino, Niels Boye, Ulises Cortés, Cristian Barrué, Atia Cortés, Peter Levene, Stelios Pantelopoulos, Roberto Rosso, José Antonio Serra-Rexach, Angelo Maria Sabatini, Carlo Caltagirone
BACKGROUND: Falling is a major clinical problem in elderly people, demanding effective solutions. At present, the only effective intervention is motor training of balance and strength. Executive function-based training (EFt) might be effective at preventing falls according to evidence showing a relationship between executive functions and gait abnormalities. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of a motor and a cognitive treatment developed within the EU co-funded project I-DONT-FALL...
February 10, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161624/mixotrophic-cultivation-of-chlorella-for-local-protein-production-using-agro-food-by-products
#13
Silvia Salati, Giuliana D'Imporzano, Barbara Menin, Davide Veronesi, Barbara Scaglia, Pamela Abbruscato, Paola Mariani, Fabrizio Adani
A local strain of Chlorella vulgaris was cultivated by using cheese whey (CW), white wine lees (WL) and glycerol (Gly), coming from local agro-industrial activities, as C sources (2.2gCL(-1)) to support algae production under mixotrophic conditions in Lombardy. In continuous mode, Chlorella increased biomass production compared with autotrophic conditions by 1.5-2 times, with the best results obtained for the CW substrate, i.e. 0.52gL(-1)d(-1) of algal biomass vs. 0.24gL(-1)d(-1) of algal biomass for autotrophic conditions, and protein content for both conditions adopted close to 500gkg(-1) DM...
April 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149677/developing-the-leuven-embedded-figures-test-l-eft-testing-the-stimulus-features-that-influence-embedding
#14
Lee de-Wit, Hanne Huygelier, Ruth Van der Hallen, Rebecca Chamberlain, Johan Wagemans
BACKGROUND: The Embedded Figures Test (EFT, developed by Witkin and colleagues (1971)) has been used extensively in research on individual differences, particularly in the study of autism spectrum disorder. The EFT was originally conceptualized as a measure of field (in)dependence, but in recent years performance on the EFT has been interpreted as a measure of local versus global perceptual style. Although many have used the EFT to measure perceptual style, relatively few have focused on understanding the stimulus features that cause a shape to become embedded...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090257/epicardial-fat-thickness-and-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-are-increased-in-non-dipper-hypertensive-patients
#15
Bong Joon Kim, Kyoung Im Cho, Ji Hun Choi, Dong Hyun Park, Ga In Yu, Sung Il Im, Hyun Su Kim, Jeong Ho Heo, Tae-Joon Cha
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between echocardiographic epicardial fat thickness (EFT), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR; an important inflammatory marker), and diurnal blood pressure (BP) changes in patients with recently diagnosed essential hypertension. METHODS: A total of 647 patients underwent echocardiography and 24 hours of ambulatory BP monitoring. EFT was measured by echocardiography, while NLR was measured by dividing the neutrophil count by the lymphocyte count...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054822/episodic-future-thinking-following-vmpfc-damage-impaired-event-construction-maintenance-or-narration
#16
Elena Bertossi, Vanessa Candela, Flavia De Luca, Elisa Ciaramelli
OBJECTIVE: Functional neuroimaging and lesion studies show that the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) is implicated in episodic future thinking (EFT), yet its role remains unclear. In this study, we sought to (a) confirm recent findings of impaired EFT in patients with lesions to the vmPFC (vmPFC patients) using a new task, and (b) investigate the influence of nonepisodic mechanisms, namely, narrative construction and working memory maintenance, on vmPFC patients' EFT performance...
March 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050377/primary-pulmonary-primitive-neuro-ectodermal-tumour-pnet-in-an-eight-year-old-girl-a-rare-case
#17
Radhika Narayan, J Sreedevi, Farah Rana, Minakshi Mishra, Rajesh Mohanty
Primitive Neuro-Ectodermal-Tumours (PNET) and Ewing's sarcoma are part of the spectrum of Ewing's Family of Tumours (EFT) and show varying degrees of neuroectodermal differentiation. Both these tumours share similar histological and genetic features. PNETs arising primarily in the lungs without pleural or chest wall involvement are extremely rare. We report a case of pulmonary PNET in an eight-year-old girl. To the best of our knowledge, this is the youngest case of primary pulmonary PNET to be reported in paediatric age group in the Indian literature...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040086/monofocal-bone-transport-technique-for-bone-defects-greater-than-5-cm-in-tibia-our-experience-in-a-case-series-of-24-patients
#18
Kemal Aktuglu, Hüseyin Günay, Jabrayil Alakbarov
BACKGROUND: As the tibial bone defect increases in size, the problems in treatment also increase. The treatment may be problematic but different treatment approaches can be used. Among these approaches, distraction osteogenesis is a method an orthopedic surgeon with limited conditions can use although it has a longer treatment period. In our case series, we evaluated current treatment approaches. METHOD: Retrospective study based on patient records and radiographs...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997704/two-year-follow-up-outcomes-in-emotionally-focused-couple-therapy-an-investigation-of-relationship-satisfaction-and-attachment-trajectories
#19
Stephanie A Wiebe, Susan M Johnson, Marie-France Lafontaine, Melissa Burgess Moser, Tracy L Dalgleish, Giorgio A Tasca
Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT; The practice of emotionally focused couple therapy: Creating connection. New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge) is an evidence-based couple therapy that aims to create lasting change for couples (Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 6(1), 67-79). Although studies have demonstrated strong results in follow-up (Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28(4), 391-398), less is known about relationship functioning across time after therapy has ended. We modelled change in relationship satisfaction and attachment from pre-therapy through 24 months follow-up in 32 couples...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942264/the-relationship-between-increased-epicardial-fat-thickness-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-patients-with-nonfunctional-adrenal-incidentaloma
#20
Nasiroglu Narin Imga, Ozgul Ucar Elalmis, Mazhar Muslum Tuna, Bercem Aycıcek Dogan, Deniz Sahin, Dilek Berker, Serdar Guler
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidences indicate that patients diagnosed with Adrenal Incidentaloma (AI) may present cardiovascular complications. Epicardial fat thickness (EFT) has recently been described as a new risk factor and an active player in metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between EFT and left ventricular hypertrophy and carotid intima-media thickness, which are both strong predictors of cardiovascular morbity and mortality, in patients with nonfunctioning AI...
July 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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