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Xinyue Zhang, Ning Jiang, Lijuan Wang, Huaman Liu, Rong He
Background: Studies exploring the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer have yielded mixed results. We conducted a meta-analysis of the published prospective cohort studies to have a clear understanding about this association. Methods: We searched the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from inception to December 31, 2016. Bibliographies were also reviewed for additional information. Random-effects model was used to calculate summary relative risk (SRR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI)...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Shaojing Zhang, Qingwei Wang, Juanjuan He
Background: Findings on the association between intake of red and processed meat with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk are mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate this association. Materials and Methods: Eligible studies up to August 31, 2016, were identified and retrieved by searching the MEDLINE and Embase databases along with manual review of the reference lists from the retrieved studies. The quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Andrew E Lincoln, Robert A Vogel, Thomas W Allen, Reginald E Dunn, Kezia Alexander, Nathaniel D Kaufman, Andrew M Tucker
PURPOSE: Previous research identified decreased overall and cardiovascular mortality for National Football League (NFL) players from the 1959-1988 era. The present study explored the mortality risk among recent NFL players who played in an era of heavier linemen and nearly year-round physical conditioning. METHODS: This cohort study included 9778 former NFL players with at least one year in the NFL whose last season was between 1986 and 2012. Players' pension fund records were matched to the National Death Index (NDI) to determine vital status, date of death, and cause of death...
October 26, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Chen Chen, Guan Wang, Lilan Peng, Kai Zhang
The development of surface enhanced infrared absorption has been constrained by the limited field enhancement and narrow-band resonance of commonly used metal resonators. In this theoretical work, the design of a crescent resonator (CR) combined with graphene-enabled plasmon tuning is proposed to settle the drawbacks. The CR is similar to a split ring resonator (SRR), but exhibits a much improved field enhancement. The influence of graphene on the field enhancement of the CR has been systematically investigated...
September 18, 2017: Optics Express
Zhenyu Zhao, Xiaobo Zheng, Wei Peng, Jianbing Zhang, Hongwei Zhao, Zhijian Luo, Wangzhou Shi
We experimentally investigate the terahertz (THz) electromagnetically-induced transparency (EIT)-like phenomenon in a metamolecule (MM) of three-body system. This system involves a couple of geometrically identical split-ring resonators (SRRs) in orthogonal layout conductively coupled by a cut-wire resonator. Such a three-body system exhibits two frequency response properties upon to the polarization of incident THz beam: One is the dark-bright-bright layout to the horizontally polarized THz beam, where there is no EIT-like effect; the other is bright-dark-dark layout to the vertically polarized THz beam, where an EIT-like effect is observable...
October 2, 2017: Optics Express
Chenyu Li, Chun-Chieh Chang, Qingli Zhou, Cunlin Zhang, Hou-Tong Chen
We investigate edge-coupling of twisted split-ring resonator (SRR) pairs in the terahertz (THz) frequency range. Using a simple coupled-resonator model we show that such a system exhibits resonance splitting and cross-polarization conversion. Numerical simulations and experimental measurements agree well with theoretical calculations, verifying the resonance splitting as a function of the coupling strength given by the SRR separation. We further show that a metal ground plane can be integrated to significantly enhance the resonance coupling, which enables the effective control of resonance splitting and the efficiency and bandwidth of the cross-polarization conversion...
October 16, 2017: Optics Express
Dalius Seliuta, Gediminas Šlekas, Andrius Vaitkūnas, Žilvinas Kancleris, Gintaras Valušis
It is demonstrated that higher-order plasmonic modes in the split-ring resonators (SRRs) are strongly enhanced when SRRs are arranged in a densely spaced two-dimensional array. The mode enhancement results from the near-field electrical coupling between the adjacent resonators. The effect is most pronounced in narrow gap SRRs which allows to observe experimentally plasmon modes up to the seventh order. In the array of narrow gap SRRs, the fifth-order resonance demonstrates high Q-factor, high resonance strength and wide tunability which opens up attractive features for practical applications of planar SRR structures...
October 16, 2017: Optics Express
Darrick T Balu, Kendall Taylor Presti, Cathy C Y Huang, Kevin Muszynski, Inna Radzishevsky, Herman Wolosker, Guia Guffanti, Kerry J Ressler, Joseph T Coyle
BACKGROUND: The amygdala is a central component of the neural circuitry that underlies fear learning. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent plasticity in the amygdala is required for pavlovian fear conditioning and extinction. N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activation requires the binding of a coagonist, D-serine, which is synthesized from L-serine by the neuronal enzyme serine racemase (SR). However, little is known about SR and D-serine function in the amygdala. METHODS: We used immunohistochemical methods to characterize the cellular localization of SR and D-serine in the mouse and human amygdala...
August 26, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
Ailish Nimmo, Samira Bell, Carol Brunton, Jacqueline Campbell, Arthur Doyle, Bruce MacKinnon, Robert K Peel, Susan Robertson, Ilona Shilliday, Elaine Spalding, Jamie P Traynor, Wendy Metcalfe
Background: Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) can evaluate the quality of health in patients with established renal failure. There is limited experience of their use within national renal registries. Aim: To describe the Scottish Renal Registry's (SRR) experience of collecting PROMS in the haemodialysis population and correlate PROMS to demographic and clinical parameters. Design: Retrospective observational cross-sectional study. Methods: Haemodialysis patients in Scotland were invited to complete the KDQOL™-36 questionnaire on the day of the annual SRR census in 2015 and 2016...
September 18, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Mathieu Boniol, Alice Koechlin, Peter Boyle
Background: : Occupational exposures in the rubber manufacturing industry showed an increased risk of cancer and have been classified as a group 1 carcinogen, largely from studies on workers employed before 1950s. Cancer sites considered as causally associated are bladder, lung and stomach, and leukaemia. Recent studies did not report an increased risk of cancer. Methods: A meta-analysis was conducted on observational studies published until April 2016 on occupational exposures in the rubber manufacturing industry and risk of cancer...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
Rauni Klami, Harri Mankonen, Antti Perheentupa
INTRODUCTION: Testicular microdissection sperm extraction (MD-TESE) combined with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has made biological fatherhood possible for many men with the most severe form of male infertility, non-obstructive azoospermia. MD-TESE was introduced in Turku in 2008, and by 2015, 100 Finnish men with non-obstructive azoospermia have been operated on. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The average age was 33 years at the time of surgery. Forty-eight had a needle biopsy previously, 56% had testicular size less than 15ml...
October 9, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Erik Stahlberg, Mathis Planert, Susanne Anton, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos, Marco Horn, Joerg Barkhausen, Jan Peter Goltz
Background Accurate vessel sizing might affect treatment outcome of endovascular therapy. Purpose To compare accuracy of peripheral vessel diameter measurements using pre-interventional computed tomography angiography post processing software (CTA-PPS) and extravascularly located calibrated devices used during digital subtraction angiography (DSA) with an intravascular scaled catheter (SC). Material and Methods In 33 patients (28 men, mean age = 72 ± 11 years) a SC was used during DSA of the femoro-popliteal territory...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
Malgorzata Adamczyk, Roza Szatkowska
BACKGROUND: Saccharomyces cerevisiae responds to glucose availability in the environment, inducing the expression of the low-affinity transporters and high-affinity transporters in a concentration dependent manner. This cellular decision making is controlled through finely tuned communication between multiple glucose sensing pathways including the Snf1-Mig1, Snf3/Rgt2-Rgt1 (SRR) and cAMP-PKA pathways. RESULTS: We demonstrate the first evidence that RNA Polymerase III (RNAP III) activity affects the expression of the glucose transporter HXT2 (RNA Polymerase II dependent-RNAP II) at the level of transcription...
2017: PloS One
He Zhang, Liping Song, Yuhua Chang, Mengjuan Wu, Xiuli Kuang, Haiyan Jiang, Shengzhou Wu
Inward migration of cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) after birth is critical for lamination in the cerebellar cortex. N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) subtype of glutamate receptor (NMDAR) tethering CGCs into Bergmann glial fibers mediates the inward movement during the glial-dependent migratory phase. Activation of NMDAR depends on simultaneous binding of the GluN2 subunit by glutamate, and of the GluN1 subunit by d-serine or glycine; d-serine is believed to be an endogenous ligand of NMDAR. We hypothesized that lamination of the cerebellar cortex may be compromised in Srr (the gene for serine racemase (SR)) mutated mice (Srrnull) because of significantly low levels of d-serine per se...
September 20, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Yuta Imade, Ronald Ulbricht, Motonobu Tomoda, Osamu Matsuda, Gediminas Seniutinas, Saulius Juodkazis, Oliver B Wright
Using polarization-resolved transient reflection spectroscopy, we investigate a metasurface consisting of coherently vibrating nanophotonic U-shaped split-ring meta-atoms that exhibit colocalized optical and mechanical resonances. With an array of these resonators formed of gold on glass, essentially miniature tuning forks, we monitor the visible-pump induced gigahertz oscillations in reflected infrared light intensity to probe the multimodal vibrational response. Numerical simulations of the associated transient deformations and strain fields elucidate the complex nanomechanical dynamics contributing to the ultrafast optical modulation and point to the role of acousto-plasmonic interactions through the opening and closing motion of the SRR gaps as the dominant effect...
October 5, 2017: Nano Letters
Ryan Flannigan, Phil V Bach, Peter N Schlegel
Microdissection testicular sperm extraction (microTESE) is considered the gold standard method for surgical sperm retrieval among patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). In this review, we will discuss the optimal evaluation of NOA patients and strategies to medically optimize NOA patients prior to microTESE. In addition, we will also discuss technical principles and pearls to maximize the chances of successful sperm retrieval, sperm retrieval rates (SRR) based upon testicular histology, predictors of successful sperm retrieval, gonadal recovery following microTESE, and potential complications...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
JingYa Xie, Xi Zhu, XiaoFei Zang, QingQing Cheng, YangYang Ye, YiMing Zhu
A high extinction ratio (ER) electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) analogue based on single-layer metamaterial is designed and experimentally demonstrated in this paper. This design involves four mirror-like symmetrically coupled split ring resonators (SRRs) that exhibit a bright-dark-dark-bright mode configuration. The EIT-like effect is realized by coupling between the bright resonators and dark resonators. The high ER feature is achieved from the suppression of radiative losses, due to opposite directions of electric and magnetic dipoles of two dark modes in the unit cell...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
Colleen E McGahan, Kevin Linn, Preston Guno, Harmony Johnson, Andrew J Coldman, John J Spinelli, Nadine R Caron
BACKGROUND: For First Nations (FN) peoples living in British Columbia (BC), little is known regarding cancer in the population. The aim of this study was to explore cancer incidence and survival in the FN population of BC and compare it to the non-FN population. METHODS: All new cancers diagnosed from 1993 to 2010 were linked to the First Nations Client File (FNCF). Age-standardized incidence rates (ASIR) and rate ratios, and 1- and 5-year cause-specific survival estimates and hazard ratios were calculated...
September 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Shumin Zhao, Hao Chi Zhang, Jiahao Zhao, Wen Xuan Tang
In this paper, we propose a scheme to construct a new type of ultra-compact rejection filter by loading split-ring resonators (SRRs) on the transmission line of spoof surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs). From the dispersion analysis of the spoof SPP transmission line with and without the SRR loading, we clearly reveal the mechanism of the rejection characteristic for this compact filter. Meanwhile, we fabricate two spoof SPPs waveguides loaded with different amounts of metamaterials particles, and experimentally test them using an Agilent Vector Network Analyzer (VNA) and a homemade near-field scanning system...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Lihong Ye, Dong Li, Jie Zhang, Huiping Zeng
In this study, successful start-up of the anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) process in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was achieved by seeding mixed activated sludge which included aerobic sludge, anaerobic sludge, simultaneous partial nitrification, anammox and denitrification (SNAD) sludge and anammox sludge with low activity at a 2200: 2100: 5: 2 volume ratio. On day 15, the effective anammox activity was attained in SBR, with the specific total nitrogen removal rate (SRR) of 0.214 gNg(-1)VSS d(-1)...
August 31, 2017: Environmental Technology
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