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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782302/reasons-for-not-using-condoms-among-heterosexual-men-in-belgrade-serbia
#1
Milan Bjekić, Sandra Sipetić-Grujičić, Hristina Vlajinac, Aleksandra Nikolić
Dear Editor, Proper and consistent use of male condoms can be a highly effective method of preventing the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV (1), but this method relies on men's willingness and ability to use condoms. In the United States of America, about 20% overall and less than 50% of adults with multiple partners used a condom at last intercourse (2). In Serbia in 2013 (3), 50.0% of women and 62.5% of men aged 15-49 who had more than one partner in the past year used a condom during their last intercourse...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782296/sexual-behaviors-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-cross-sectional-study-in-romania
#2
Alecsandra Iulia Grad, Simona Corina Senilă, Rodica Cosgarea, Alexandru Dumitru Tataru, Stefan Cristian Vesa, Mihaela Laura Vica, Horea Vladi Matei, Loredana Ungureanu
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are serious public health problems. Little is known about sex knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behaviors among young adults in Romania; an effective preventive campaigns should be based on an appropriate understanding of these factors. The aim of the present study was to obtain data about sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs among university students aged 18-25 in Romania. 3872 persons completed an internet-based questionnaire, advertised on Facebook, regarding sexual behavior, attitudes, and knowledge about STIs from January 28 to February 28, 2016...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782292/evaluation-of-symptomatic-patients-with-resistant-discharge
#3
Cemile Sonmez, Selma Usluca, Ismail Hakki Usluca, Irem Kalipci, Figen Sezen, Cemal Resat Atalay, Selcuk Kilic
The aim of this study was to detect the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria (N.) gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma (M.) hominis, M. genitalium, Ureaplasma (U.) urealyticum, and Trichomonas (T.) vaginalis in patients with resistant discharge. The study also evaluated the concordance of the diagnostic tests. Samples from 156 patients were tested by direct microscopy and culture for T. vaginalis and Mycoplasma IES for M. hominis and U. urealyticum. Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was used to determine the presence of six agents...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781922/screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-after-cervical-cancer-screening-guideline-and-medicaid-policy-changes-a-population-based-analysis
#4
Natasha Parekh, Julie M Donohue, Jennifer Corbelli, Aiju Men, David Kelley, Marian Jarlenski
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening prevents complications and is cost-effective. Annual screening is recommended in sexually active women <25 years and older women at increased risk. Cervical cancer (CC) screening guideline changes in 2009 and 2012 recommended less frequent screening, causing concern that STI screening would decrease. Pennsylvania Medicaid implemented a family planning program in 2007 which covered women's health services (including STI testing) for uninsured women...
May 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780854/immunofluorescence-analysis-of-human-endocervical-tissue-explants-infected-with-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#5
Liang-Chun Wang, Qian Yu, Daniel C Stein, Wenxia Song
Colonization and penetration of the epithelium is the infection-initiating route of mucosal pathogens. The epithelium counteracts infection by eliciting host cell responses while maintaining the mucosal barrier function. The obligate human sexually transmitted bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or gonococcus (GC) infects the female reproductive tract primarily from the endocervical epithelium. Due to lack of an infection model that mimics all aspects of human infections in the female reproductive tract, GC pathogenesis is poorly understood...
February 5, 2018: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780013/use-of-internal-transcribed-spacer-sequence-polymorphisms-as-a-method-for-trichomonas-vaginalis-genotyping
#6
Hatice Ertabaklar, Sema Ertuğ, Serçin Özlem Çalışkan, Erdoğan Malatyalı, Bülent Bozdoğan
OBJECTIVE: Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common non-viral, sexually transmitted pathogen with a worldwide distribution. The aim of the present study was to design a new genotyping tool for T. vaginalis isolates using internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. METHODS: First, a total of 20 cryopreserved T. vaginalis isolates were thawed and genomic DNA was isolated from fresh cultures. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed to amplify the ITS regions and the amplicons were sequenced...
March 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779985/systems-biology-based-investigation-of-host-plasmodium-interactions
#7
REVIEW
Maren L Smith, Mark P Styczynski
Malaria is a serious, complex disease caused by parasites of the genus Plasmodium. Plasmodium parasites affect multiple tissues as they evade immune responses, replicate, sexually reproduce, and transmit between vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. The explosion of omics technologies has enabled large-scale collection of Plasmodium infection data, revealing systems-scale patterns, mechanisms of pathogenesis, and the ways that host and pathogen affect each other. Here, we provide an overview of recent efforts using systems biology approaches to study host-Plasmodium interactions and the biological themes that have emerged from these efforts...
May 18, 2018: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779827/zika-virus-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#8
Gisele Sampaio Silva, Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Pravin Amin
Zika fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV), an RNA virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus. ZIKV can be transmitted by bites from Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species, sexual activity, blood transfusion and from mother to fetus during pregnancy and delivery. A total of 50 territories and countries in the Americas had reported ZIKV infections. For those with symptoms, the presentation is similar to dengue fever with body aches, joint pain, fatigue, malaise, fever and conjunctivitis lasting up to seven days...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779513/common-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-women
#9
REVIEW
Ashley L Hodges, Aimee Chism Holland
The spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remains a significant public health issue in the United States. Social, economic, and behavioral implications affecting the spread of STIs have been identified. The most important social factor in the United States is the stigma associated with discussing sex and STI screening. In this article, specific recommendations for women are included regarding screening, diagnosing, and treating common vaginal and cervical infections. Screening women for infections of the vagina and cervix is essential because untreated infections may result in complications that have current and long-term health consequences and impact quality of life...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778101/prevalence-of-self-reported-symptoms-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-knowledge-and-sexual-behaviour-among-youth-in-semi-rural-tanzania-in-the-period-of-adolescent-friendly-health-services-strategy-implementation
#10
Ramadhani Abdul, Annette A M Gerritsen, Mary Mwangome, Eveline Geubbels
BACKGROUND: Global evidence shows that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) prevalence and sexual risk behaviours are high among youth, and knowledge about STIs is low. In Tanzania, there is limited recent evidence regarding these issues. The aim of this study was to describe the health seeking behaviour of youth reporting STI symptoms in semi-rural Tanzania and to evaluate the association of socio-demographic characteristics, STI knowledge and sexual risk behaviour with STI symptom reporting...
May 19, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777397/telomeres-and-telomerase-during-human-papillomavirus-induced-carcinogenesis
#11
REVIEW
Anna Pańczyszyn, Ewa Boniewska-Bernacka, Grzegorz Głąb
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) belong to a small spherical virus family and are transmitted through direct contact, most often through sexual behavior. More than 200 types of HPV are known, a dozen or so of which are classified as high-risk viruses (HR HPV) and may contribute to the development of cervical cancer. HPV is a small virus with a capsid composed of L1 and L2 proteins, which are crucial for entry to the cell. The infection begins at the basal cell layer and progresses to involve cells from higher layers of the cervical epithelium...
May 18, 2018: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776807/public-health-surveillance-of-multidrug-resistant-clones-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-europe-a-genomic-survey
#12
Simon R Harris, Michelle J Cole, Gianfranco Spiteri, Leonor Sánchez-Busó, Daniel Golparian, Susanne Jacobsson, Richard Goater, Khalil Abudahab, Corin A Yeats, Beatrice Bercot, Maria José Borrego, Brendan Crowley, Paola Stefanelli, Francesco Tripodo, Raquel Abad, David M Aanensen, Magnus Unemo
BACKGROUND: Traditional methods for molecular epidemiology of Neisseria gonorrhoeae are suboptimal. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) offers ideal resolution to describe population dynamics and to predict and infer transmission of antimicrobial resistance, and can enhance infection control through linkage with epidemiological data. We used WGS, in conjunction with linked epidemiological and phenotypic data, to describe the gonococcal population in 20 European countries. We aimed to detail changes in phenotypic antimicrobial resistance levels (and the reasons for these changes) and strain distribution (with a focus on antimicrobial resistance strains in risk groups), and to predict antimicrobial resistance from WGS data...
May 15, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776778/three-years-post-affordable-care-act-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-remain-critical-among-vulnerable-populations
#13
Nicky J Mehtani, Christina M Schumacher, Luke E Johnsen, Adena Greenbaum, C Patrick Chaulk, Khalil G Ghanem, Jacky M Jennings, Kathleen R Page
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study is to examine whether demand for publicly funded sexually transmitted disease clinics changed after Affordable Care Act implementation. METHODS: The percentages of total incident sexually transmitted infections in Baltimore City that occurred at publicly funded sexually transmitted disease clinics were compared between the 3 years prior to and following the 2014 Medicaid and private insurance expansions. Risk factors associated with diagnosis at sexually transmitted disease clinics were identified using log binomial regression...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776395/linking-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-ymsm-to-sti-physicians-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey-in-china
#14
Bolin Cao, Peipei Zhao, Cedric Bien, Stephen Pan, Weiming Tang, Julia Watson, Guodong Mi, Yi Ding, Zhenzhou Luo, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are reluctant to seek health services and trust local physicians. Online information seeking may encourage YMSM to identify and see trustworthy physicians, obtain sexual health services, and obtain testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study examined online STI information seeking behaviors among Chinese YMSM and its association with offline physician visits. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide online survey among YMSM through WeChat, the largest social media platform in China...
May 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773807/risk-factors-associated-with-htlv-1-vertical-transmission-in-brazil-longer-breastfeeding-higher-maternal-proviral-load-and-previous-htlv-1-infected-offspring
#15
Arthur M Paiva, Tatiane Assone, Michel E J Haziot, Jerusa Smid, Luiz Augusto M Fonseca, Olinda do Carmo Luiz, Augusto Cesar Penalva de Oliveira, Jorge Casseb
HTLV-1 is transmitted primarily either through sexual intercourse or from mother to child. The mother/child pairs were classified as seroconcordant or serodiscordant. We analyzed mother to child transmission (MTCT) according to sociodemographic, clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the mother, child's gender and duration of breastfeeding. Between June 2006 and August 2016 we followed 192 mothers with HTLV-1 infection (mean age 41 years old), resulting in 499 exposed offspring, 288 (57.7%) of whom were tested for HTLV-1, making up the final sample for the study, along with their 134 respective mothers...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771869/performance-of-the-atlas-rapid-test-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-women-s-attitudes-toward-point-of-care-testing
#16
Lea E Widdice, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Barbara Silver, Mathilda Barnes, Perry Barnes, Charlotte A Gaydos
PURPOSE: This study compared performance of Atlas io® diagnostic platform, a point-of-care (POC) PCR assay for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), to Aptima Combo 2, a standard of care laboratory-based nucleic acid amplification assay (NAAT), and evaluated patient attitudes toward POC testing. METHODS: Women ≥14 years undergoing CT screening/testing were recruited from an urban adolescent primary care practice (Teen Health Center, THC) and a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771868/the-use-of-technology-for-std-partner-services-in-the-united-states-a-structured-review
#17
Rachel Kachur, Wendasha Hall, Alexandra Coor, Jennine Kinsey, Dayne Collins, F V Strona
BACKGROUND: Since the late 1990s, health departments and STD programs throughout the U.S. have used technologies, such as the internet and mobile phones, to provide services to persons with a sexually transmitted infection, including HIV, and their sex partners, also known as partner services. This study reviewed the published literature to assess and compare partner services outcomes as a result of using technology and to calculate cost savings through cases averted. METHODS: We conducted a structured literature review of all U...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771866/bipolar-disorder-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Shih-Fen Chen, Ling-Yi Wang, Jen-Huai Chiang, Yu-Chih Shen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that sexually transmitted infections (STI) tend to increase in patients with bipolar disorder during a manic or hypomanic episode. However, in the long-term course of this disease, it is unclear whether patients with bipolar disorder have a higher risk of incident STI. METHODS: Using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan, 3,721 patients with bipolar disorder and 14,884 controls without bipolar disorder matched by gender and age were enrolled between 2000 and 2010 and followed until the end of 2013...
May 1, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771104/-appropriateness-of-antimicrobial-prescriptions-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-tertiary-hospital
#19
L Yunquera-Romero, I Márquez-Gómez, A Henares-López, M J Morales-Lara, C Gallego Fernández, R Asensi-Díez
OBJECTIVE: Antibiotics are widely prescribed in the Emergency Department (ED), representing 26-62% of outpatient antibiotic prescriptions. Around 40% of antibiotic prescriptions in hospitalized patients are inappropriate or unnecessary. The aim of the study was to assess the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions according to local empirical antibiotic treatment guidelines, in the ED of a tertiary hospital. METHODS: Observational, retrospective study including patients attending the ED in November 2016, with an antibiotic prescription, excluding those from residents...
May 16, 2018: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770101/resources-to-address-stigma-related-to-sexuality-substance-use-and-sexually-transmitted-and-blood-borne-infections
#20
R MacLean
Background: Stigma is widely recognized as a significant barrier to the prevention, management and treatment of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBIs) in Canada. Despite major advances in STBBI prevention and treatment, and global efforts to reduce stigma, people living with or affected by STBBIs continue to experience stigma within health and social service settings in Canada. Objective: To describe the development, content and evaluation of knowledge translation resources and training workshops designed to equip health and social service professionals with the knowledge and skills needed to provide more respectful and inclusive sexual health, harm reduction and STBBI services...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
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