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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933478/mri-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-a-pictorial-review
#1
REVIEW
Ferenc Czeyda-Pommersheim, Bobby Kalb, James Costello, Joy Liau, Arash Meshksar, Hina Arif Tiwari, Diego Martin
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an ascending infection of the female genital tract caused by the spread of bacteria from the vagina to the pelvic reproductive organs and occasionally the peritoneum. The most common causative organisms are sexually transmitted. PID is a significant source of morbidity among reproductive age women both as a cause of abdominal pain and as a common cause of infertility. Its clinical presentation is often nonspecific, and the correct diagnosis may first come to light based on the results of imaging studies...
December 8, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933401/improvement-of-abnormal-vaginal-flora-in-ugandan-women-by-self-testing-and-short-use-of-intravaginal-antimicrobials
#2
G Donders, G Bellen, F Donders, J Pinget, I Vandevelde, T Michiels, J Byamughisa
The vaginal composition of African women is more often lactobacillus-deficient compared to that of women from other areas around the world. Lactobacillus-deficient microflora is a known risk factor for serious health problems, such as preterm birth, cervix cancer, and entrapment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of local vaginal antibiotic or antiseptic treatment on abnormal vaginal flora (AVF), aerobic vaginitis (AV), and bacterial vaginosis (BV) among women in rural, semi-urban, and urban areas in Uganda, as compared to placebo...
December 8, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932616/modified-profile-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-9-production-by-human-fallopian-tube-epithelial-cells-following-infection-in-vitro-with-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#3
Paula I Rodas, Doris Pérez, Claudia Jaffret, Yaquelin González, Carolina Carreño, Cecilia V Tapia, Eduardo Osorio, Luis A Velasquez, Myron Christodoulides
Epithelial shedding and scarring of Fallopian tube mucosa are the main consequences of sexually transmitted Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection and likely involves an imbalance of host extracellular matrix components (ECM) and their regulators such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). In this brief report, primary human Fallopian tube epithelial cells were infected with N. gonorrhoeae and MMP patterns examined. Gonococcal infection induced a significant increase in secreted MMP-9 and an accumulation of cytoplasmic MMP-2 over time, but no significant MMP-3 or MMP-8 production was observed...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932521/adapting-an-hiv-risk-reduction-curriculum-processes-and-outcomes
#4
Melissa K Miller, Joi Wickliffe, Sharon G Humiston, M Denise Dowd, Patricia Kelly, Stephen DeLurgio, Kathy Goggin
Becoming a Responsible Teen (BART) is a community-based, HIV risk reduction curriculum shown to increase safer sex behaviors among African American adolescents. However, BART does not address common barriers to sexual health care access, which may limit program efficacy. We used a community-engaged adaptation process to maximize program relevance and health outcomes by incorporating a broad ecological perspective. Adolescent and staff advisory boards at a community-based organization recommended modifications (e...
December 7, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932056/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-the-utilization-of-sexual-health-services-in-a-national-probability-sample-of-u-s-women
#5
Madina Agénor, Christina A Muzny, Vanessa Schick, Erika L Austin, Jennifer Potter
Although sexual minority women are at risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and cervical cancer, few nationally representative studies have assessed sexual orientation disparities in sexual health care among women. Using data from the 2011-2013 and 2013-2015 waves of the National Survey of Family Growth, which provide a national probability sample of U.S. women aged 15-44years (N=11.300), we used multivariable logistic regression to examine the associations between sexual behavior and sexual identity (modeled separately) and STI testing in the past year, Pap test use in the last 3years, lifetime HIV testing, and lifetime human papillomavirus (HPV) testing...
December 5, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931519/high-prevalence-of-hiv-chlamydia-and-gonorrhoea-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-attending-trusted-community-centres-in-abuja-and-lagos-nigeria
#6
Babajide Keshinro, Trevor A Crowell, Rebecca G Nowak, Sylvia Adebajo, Sheila Peel, Charlotte A Gaydos, Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Stefan D Baral, Melissa J Walsh, Ogbonnaya S Njoku, Sunday Odeyemi, Teclaire Ngo-Ndomb, William A Blattner, Merlin L Robb, Manhattan E Charurat, Julie Ake
INTRODUCTION: Sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV prevalence have been reported to be higher amongst men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria than in the general population. The objective of this study was to characterize the prevalence of HIV, chlamydia and gonorrhoea in this population using laboratory-based universal testing. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 represents a cohort of MSM and transgender women (TGW) recruited at trusted community centres in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria, using respondent-driven sampling (RDS)...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930613/project-shikamana-baseline-findings-from-a-community-empowerment-based-combination-hiv-prevention-trial-among-female-sex-workers-in-iringa-tanzania
#7
Deanna Kerrigan, Jessie Mbwambo, Samuel Likindikoki, Sarah Beckham, Ard Mwampashi, Catherine Shembilu, Andrea Mantsios, Anna Leddy, Wendy Davis, Noya Galai
BACKGROUND: Community empowerment approaches have been found to be effective in responding to HIV among female sex workers (FSWs) in South Asia and Latin America. To date, limited rigorous evaluations of these approaches have been conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A phase II community randomized controlled trial is being conducted in Iringa, Tanzania, to evaluate the effectiveness of a community empowerment-based combination HIV prevention model (Project Shikamana) among a stratified sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected FSWs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930501/hermeneutics-of-herpes-the-american-sexually-transmitted-diseases-association-distinguished-career-award-lecture
#8
Anna Wald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929270/sexually-transmitted-infections-recommendations-from-the-u-s-preventive-services-task-force
#9
Karen C Lee, Quyen Ngo-Metzger, Tracy Wolff, Joya Chowdhury, Michael L LeFevre, David S Meyers
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued recommendations on behavioral counseling to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and recommendations about screening for individual STIs. Clinicians should obtain a sexual history to assess for behaviors that increase a patient's risk. Community and population risk factors should also be considered. The USPSTF recommends intensive behavioral counseling for all sexually active adolescents and for adults whose history indicates an increased risk of STIs...
December 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929218/emerging-vector-borne-diseases
#10
Mark K Huntington, Jay Allison, Dilip Nair
Several mosquito-borne viral infections have recently emerged in North America; West Nile virus is the most common in the United States. Although West Nile virus generally causes a self-limited, flulike febrile illness, a serious neuroinvasive form may occur. Dengue is the most common vector-borne viral disease worldwide, and it has been a significant public health threat in the United States since 2009. Known as breakbone fever for its severe myalgias and arthralgias, dengue may cause a hemorrhagic syndrome...
October 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927619/bias-due-to-correlation-between-times-at-risk-for-infection-in-epidemiologic-studies-measuring-biological-interactions-between-sexually-transmitted-infections-a-case-study-using-human-papillomavirus-type-interactions
#11
Talía Malagón, Philippe Lemieux-Mellouki, Jean-François Laprise, Marc Brisson
The clustering of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in some individuals is often interpreted as the result of common risk factors rather than biological interactions between different types of HPV. The intraindividual correlation between times-at-risk for all HPV infections is not generally considered in the analysis of epidemiologic studies. We used a deterministic transmission model to simulate cross-sectional and prospective epidemiologic studies measuring associations between 2 HPV types. When we assumed no interactions, the model predicted that studies would estimate odds ratios and incidence rate ratios greater than 1 between HPV types even after complete adjustment for sexual behavior...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926644/cervical-cancer-screening-guideline-adherence-before-and-after-guideline-changes-in-pennsylvania-medicaid
#12
Natasha Parekh, Julie M Donohue, Aiju Men, Jennifer Corbelli, Marian Jarlenski
OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in cervical cancer screening after the 2009 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' guideline change and to determine predictors associated with underscreening and overscreening among Medicaid-enrolled women. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study of Pennsylvania Medicaid claims from 2007 to 2013. We evaluated guideline adherence of 18- to 64-year-old continuously enrolled women before and after the 2009 guideline change...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924621/change-in-risk-perceptions-and-marijuana-and-cigarette-use-among-african-american-young-adult-females-in-an-hiv-prevention-intervention
#13
Sarah J Javier, Jasmine A Abrams, Melanie P Moore, Faye Z Belgrave
Cigarette smoking and marijuana use have been tied to increased risky sexual behaviors, which may exacerbate risk of HIV transmission and other STIs (sexually transmitted infections). Research suggests that change in general perceptions of risk is associated with change in non-domain-targeted behaviors. The goal of the current study was to determine whether change in general risk perceptions among African American college females enrolled in a culturally-tailored HIV prevention intervention would be associated with decreased cigarette and marijuana use over time...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924513/reproductive-health-service-utilization-and-social-determinants-among-married-female-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-two-metropolises-china
#14
Zhi-Yong Liu, Jiang Li, Yang Hong, Lan Yao
Reproductive health (RH) education and services of female migrants in China have become an important health issue. This research aimed to investigate the RH knowledge and utilization among married female migrants, and to explore the influencing factors from the perspectives of population and sociology. We conducted a cross-section survey in Shenzhen and Wuhan, China, using the purposive sampling method. A total of 1021 rural-to-urban married migrants were recruited, with 997 valid survey results obtained. A face-to-face structured questionnaire survey was used, with primary focus on knowledge of fertility, contraception, family planning policy and sexual transmitted diseases/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDs), and RH service utilization...
December 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923971/syphilis-and-hiv-syphilis-co-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-ecuador
#15
Isabel Hernandez, Ayesha Johnson, Miguel Reina-Ortiz, Carlos Rosas, Vinita Sharma, Santiago Teran, Eknath Naik, Hamisu M Salihu, Enrique Teran, Ricardo Izurieta
There is a reemergence of syphilis in the Latin American and Caribbean region. There is also very little information about HIV/Syphilis co-infection and its determinants. The aim of this study is to investigate knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding sexually transmitted infections (STIs), in particular syphilis infection and HIV/Syphilis co-infection, as well as to estimate the prevalence of syphilis among men who have sex with men (MSM) in a city with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in Ecuador...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923380/quality-evaluation-of-commercially-available-male-condoms-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-2009-2011
#16
Janete Teixeira Duarte, Antonio Eugenio C C de Almeida, Shirley de Mello Pereira Abrantes
BACKGROUND: The increased incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Brazil represents a significant public health issue. This issue has raised awareness among health authorities regarding the quality of condoms. In Brazil, male condoms need to be certified. The certification process evaluates in detail the manufacturing and quality of the final product; however, post-market surveillance is not part of the normal certification practice. METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, we evaluated 20 male condoms brands per lot of 8 manufactures-both domestic and imported-marketed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
December 7, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#17
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923015/project-shikamana-baseline-findings-from-a-community-empowerment-based-combination-hiv-prevention-trial-among-female-sex-workers-in-iringa-tanzania
#18
Deanna Kerrigan, Jessie Mbwambo, Samuel Likindikoki, Sarah Beckham, Ard Mwampashi, Catherine Shembilu, Andrea Mantsios, Anna Leddy, Wendy Davis, Noya Galai
BACKGROUND: Community empowerment approaches have been found to be effective in responding to HIV among female sex workers (FSWs) in South Asia and Latin America. To date, limited rigorous evaluations of these approaches have been conducted in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A phase II community randomized controlled trial is being conducted in Iringa, Tanzania, to evaluate the effectiveness of a community empowerment-based combination HIV prevention model (Project Shikamana) among a stratified sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected FSWs...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922853/heart-sink-topics-in-sexually-transmitted-infections-vaccinations-anal-cancer-screening-and-overlapping-infection-epidemics-in-eastern-europe
#19
Karen E Rogstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922851/future-prospects-for-new-vaccines-against-sexually-transmitted-infections
#20
Sami L Gottlieb, Christine Johnston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on the need, development status, and important next steps for advancing development of vaccines against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including herpes simplex virus (HSV), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea), Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia), and Treponema pallidum (syphilis). RECENT FINDINGS: Global estimates suggest that more than a million STIs are acquired every day, and many new and emerging challenges to STI control highlight the critical need for development of new STI vaccines...
December 2, 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
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