keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

reproductive medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534265/on-strong-inferences-and-irreproducibility-in-reproductive-medicine
#1
EDITORIAL
David F Albertini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531319/improved-sperm-kinematics-in-semen-samples-collected-after-2-h-versus-4-7-days-of-ejaculation-abstinence
#2
H Alipour, G Van Der Horst, O B Christiansen, F Dardmeh, N Jørgensen, H I Nielsen, C Hnida
STUDY QUESTION: Does a short abstinence period of only 2 h yield spermatozoa with better motility characteristics than samples collected after 4-7 days? SUMMARY ANSWER: Despite lower semen volume, sperm concentration, total sperm counts and total motile counts, higher percentages of motile spermatozoa with higher velocity and progressiveness were detected in samples obtained after 2 h. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Most studies that have assessed the effect of abstinence periods on sperm motility parameters in men with a sperm concentration below 15 million/ml have detected a higher percentage of motile spermatozoa in samples obtained after short abstinence periods...
May 22, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528022/direct-effect-of-curcumin-on-porcine-ovarian-cell-functions
#3
Attila Kádasi, Nora Maruniaková, Aneta Štochmaľová, Miroslav Bauer, Roland Grossmann, Abdel Halim Harrath, Adriana Kolesárová, Alexander V Sirotkin
Curcuma longa Linn (L.) is a plant widely used in cooking (in curry powder a.o.) and in folk medicine, but its action on reproductive processes and its possible mechanisms of action remain to be investigated. The objective of this study was to examine the direct effects of curcumin, the major Curcuma longa L. molecule, on basic ovarian cell functions such as proliferation, apoptosis, viability and steroidogenesis. Porcine ovarian granulosa cells were cultured with and without curcumin (at doses of 0, 1, 10 and 100μg/ml of medium)...
May 12, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524747/health-care-students-at-an-argentinean-school-of-medicine-are-they-well-prepared-to-provide-quality-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#4
Belén Provenzano-Castro, Silvia Oizerovich, Babill Stray-Pedersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to assess what students of the University of Buenos Aires School of Medicine learn about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights, focusing particularly on their knowledge of accessibility to contraception and abortion legislation. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, self-administered, anonymous questionnaires were administered to 760 first year students and to 695 final year students from different fields of study (medicine, midwifery, nursing, radiology, nutrition, speech therapy and physiotherapy) between 2011 and 2013...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524038/-intervention-effect-of-qingzao-runfei-huazhuo-xingxue-decoction-on-pm2-5-induced-pulmonary-injury-in-mice
#5
Jinbo Zhang, Lei Zhang, Yanxia Chen, Xinlu Wang, Aihua Hou, Lingling Dai
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of Qingzao Runfei Huazhuo Xingxue decoction (QRHXD) on inflammatory reaction and histopathology in mice with PM2.5-induced pulmonary injury, and to approach the possible mechanism of prevention and treatment of traditional Chinese medicine on lung injury induced by haze. METHODS: Fifty healthy male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10): namely control, PM2.5, PM2.5 + low-, moderate-, and high-dose groups. The PM2...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523637/the-invention-of-artificial-fertilization-in-the-eighteenth-and-nineteenth-century
#6
Barbara Orland
Artificial insemination and other fertilization techniques are today considered central to the history of reproductive medicine. The medical treatment of infertile couples, however, constitutes just a small part of the whole story of artificial fertilization. Lazzaro Spallanzani (1729-1799) in particular, said to have been the inventor of artificial insemination, did not develop this method for medical purposes. He belonged to a generation of naturalists to whom artificial insemination was part of a heterogeneous series of investigations that were undertaken to explore the natural history of animal generation...
June 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523409/factors-associated-with-a-poor-prognosis-for-the-ivf-icsi-live-birth-rate-in-women-with-rafs-stage-iii-and-iv-endometriosis
#7
Pauline Roux, Jeanne Perrin, Julien Mancini, Aubert Agostini, Léon Boubli, Blandine Courbiere
PURPOSE: To assess the factors associated with a poor prognosis for a cumulative IVF live birth rate (LBR) in women with stage III and IV endometriosis according to the revised classification of the American Fertility Society (rAFS). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014, in our Reproductive Medicine Center. We analyzed different factors associated with a poor prognosis for a cumulative IVF LBR in women with rAFS stage III and IV endometriosis...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523051/prevalence-of-anemia-and-related-factors-among-women-in-turkey
#8
Birsen Karaca Saydam, Rabia Ekti Genc, Fulden Sarac, Esin Ceber Turfan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of anemia and related factors among women in Turkey. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at the outpatient clinics of the Department of Internal Medicine, Ege University Medical School. Randomly selected women were given questionnaires regarding their socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics. The data were coded and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0 software. Statistical analyses with 95% confidence intervals were considered to be significant if p<0...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514992/sexual-difficulties-faced-by-men-in-the-solomon-islands-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Paraniala Silas C Lui, Michael P Dunne, Philip Baker, Verzilyn Isom
Background: To date there has been little research into men's sexual and reproductive health in Pacific Island countries. The aim of this study was to describe men's sexual difficulties and barriers to their seeking reproductive health care in the Solomon Islands. Methods: The study included qualitative inquiry (17 individual interviews and three focus group discussions with a total of 21 men) and a quantitative quasi-randomised quota sample household survey (n=400). The prevalence of sexual difficulties and potential risk factors, such as chronic diseases, health risk behaviours, depression and psychological distress were measured using standardised questions translated into pidgin...
May 18, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511137/effects-of-ibuprofen-diclofenac-and-paracetamol-on-hatch-and-motor-behavior-in-developing-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#10
Liang Xia, Liang Zheng, Jun Liang Zhou
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) which are widely used as pain relief medicines are causing increasing environmental concern due to their incomplete removal in wastewater treatment plant and potential toxicity on endocrine, kidney and reproduction in teleost fish. This study focused on the effects of widely used ibuprofen, diclofenac and paracetamol on the hatch and motor ability of early-stage zebrafish, by exposing embryos to the target chemicals at 5, 50 and 500 μg/L starting from 6 h postfertilization (hpf)...
May 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510115/application-of-decellularized-tissue-scaffolds-in-ovarian-tissue-transplantation
#11
Enes Taylan, Kutluk Oktay
In tissue engineering, decellularized scaffolds have been proved to have remarkable capacity to promote regeneration in various organs such as kidney, heart, lung, and liver. Marrying the field of cryobiology and reproductive medicine resulted in considerable progress and breakthroughs, which led to the emergence of ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation as a promising option for fertility preservation. Here we describe an innovative application of decellularized tissue scaffolds as a regenerative platform for reconstruction of ovarian grafts for auto-transplantation...
May 17, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507229/spread-of-competing-viruses-on-heterogeneous-networks
#12
Shanshan Chen, Kaihua Wang, Mengfeng Sun, Xinchu Fu
In this paper, we propose a model where two strains compete with each other at the expense of common susceptible individuals on heterogeneous networks by using pair-wise approximation closed by the probability-generating function (PGF). All of the strains obey the susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) mechanism. From a special perspective, we first study the dynamical behaviour of an SIR model closed by the PGF, and obtain the basic reproduction number via two methods. Then we build a model to study the spreading dynamics of competing viruses and discuss the conditions for the local stability of equilibria, which is different from the condition obtained by using the heterogeneous mean-field approach...
June 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504476/thirty-years-of-interferon-tau-research-past-present-and-future-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Kazuhiko Imakawa, Rulan Bai, Keigo Nakamura, Kazuya Kusama
The year 2017 marks the 30th year since the discovery was made of amino acid and complementary DNA sequences of ovine trophoblast protein-1 (oTP-1), later renamed as interferon-tau (IFNτ). Ovine TP-1 was originally found as a secretory product of sheep conceptuses that rescues maternal corpus luteum (CL) and in fact, the uterine infusion of oTP-1 extended inter-estrous intervals. Finding this signaling molecule as an IFN-like sequence was surprising to the scientific community in reproduction because a homologous molecule in humans possesses anti-viral and anti-prolific activity and is often used in human medicines...
May 15, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501364/immune-modulation-treatments-where-is%C3%A2-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Malene Meisner Hviid, Nick Macklon
While advances in assisted reproductive techniques have been substantial, failure of the apparently viable embryo to implant remains a source of distress and frustration to patients and specialists alike. The unique maternal immunological response to the embryo and the notion that defects in early placentation underlie the great complications of pregnancy have focused attention on the therapeutic potential of peri-implantation immunomodulation. On the face of it, the rationale for this approach is very attractive...
May 10, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498992/reproductive-strategy-of-the-polyploid-species-varronia-curassavica-jacq-in-restinga-environment
#15
Marcia Patricia Hoeltgebaum, Diana Marcela Morales Londoño, Ana Paula Lando, Maurício Sedrez Dos Reis
This study aimed to elucidate the breeding strategies of Varronia curassavica, an important medicinal species associated with Brazilian restinga. This was accomplished by combining phenological and genetic data. Every 2 weeks over a period of 2 years, we measured flowering and fruiting phenology to evaluate the activity and intensity of phenophases (n = 60). We evaluated the mating system, pollen ovule ratio and genotypes from progeny and mother plants using 8 nuclear microsatellite loci. We observed flowering and fruiting of V...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497529/aapm-medical-physics-practice-guideline-6-a-performance-characteristics-of-radiation-dose-index-monitoring-systems
#16
Dustin A Gress, Renee L Dickinson, William D Erwin, David W Jordan, Robert J Kobistek, Donna M Stevens, Mark P Supanich, Jia Wang, Lynne A Fairobent
The American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM) is a nonprofit professional society whose primary purposes are to advance the science, education and professional practice of medical physics. The AAPM has more than 8,000 members and is the principal organization of medical physicists in the United States. The AAPM will periodically define new practice guidelines for medical physics practice to help advance the science of medical physics and to improve the quality of service to patients throughout the United States...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495475/ameliorative-effects-of-achillea-millefolium-inflorescences-alcoholic-extract-against-nicotine-induced-reproductive-failure-in-rat
#17
M Hallaj Salahipour, Sh Hasanzadeh, H Malekinejad
BACKGROUND: Nicotine (Nic) is a major risk factor in the development of functional disorders of male reproductive system. Achillea millefolium; is highly regarded for medicinal activities, due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study was carried out to evaluate whether Achillea millefolium (Achm) inflorescences alcoholic extract could serve as a protective agent in male reproductive male failures during Nic exposure in a rat model. METHODS: Twenty-five adult male Wistar rats were categorized into the five groups...
May 8, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490169/ethical-considerations-in-the-field-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#18
Lindsey N Cobb, Raymond W Ke
Human reproduction has always generated more than its share of emotion that exceeds the life and death issues of medicine. For patients that are unable to conceive naturally, medical advances have greatly expanded treatment options. Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is a highly evolving, complex, and controversial field of medicine in which ethical principles play a large role in decision-making. The following highlights ethical considerations regarding ART, specifically in vitro fertilization (IVF), that practicing obstetricians and indeed all physicians may encounter...
May 8, 2017: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486407/identification-of-chinese-herbal-medicines-with-electronic-nose-technology-applications-and-challenges
#19
REVIEW
Huaying Zhou, Dehan Luo, Hamid GholamHosseini, Zhong Li, Jiafeng He
This paper provides a review of the most recent works in machine olfaction as applied to the identification of Chinese Herbal Medicines (CHMs). Due to the wide variety of CHMs, the complexity of growing sources and the diverse specifications of herb components, the quality control of CHMs is a challenging issue. Much research has demonstrated that an electronic nose (E-nose) as an advanced machine olfaction system, can overcome this challenge through identification of the complex odors of CHMs. E-nose technology, with better usability, high sensitivity, real-time detection and non-destructive features has shown better performance in comparison with other analytical techniques such as gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
May 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483503/gaps-in-knowledge-among-physicians-regarding-diagnostic-criteria-and-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#20
Anuja Dokras, Shailly Saini, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Jay Schulkin, Laura Cooney, Helena Teede
OBJECTIVE: To identify gaps in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) knowledge and practice patterns among physicians in North America in response to significant dissatisfaction identified among women with PCOS regarding their diagnosis and treatment experience. DESIGN: Online survey conducted via American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology of gynecologists (ObGyn) and American Society of Reproductive Medicine of reproductive endocrinologists (REI-ObGyn) in 2015-16...
May 5, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
keyword
keyword
49442
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"