keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

reproductive medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227846/maternal-human-chorionic-gonadotrophin-concentrations-in-very-early-pregnancy-and-risk-of-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-4372-pregnancies-after-in-vitro-fertilization
#1
Johanne Dypvik, Andrea Lid Pereira, Tom Gunnar Tanbo, Anne Eskild
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) concentrations on a fixed day in very early pregnancy with development of hyperemesis gravidarum. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included 3107 singleton and 1265 twin pregnancies after in vitro fertilization treated at Department of Reproductive Medicine, Rikshospitalet, Oslo University Hospital, Norway in the period 1996-2013. Maternal serum hCG concentrations was measured on day 12 after embryo transfer...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226784/the-reproductive-and-developmental-toxicity-of-nanoparticles-a-bibliometric-analysis
#2
Zengjin Wang, Tongchao Zhang, Fengyan Huang, Zhiping Wang
Because of the advantages of nanoparticles (NPs) in a variety of industrial, biomedical, and consumer applications, they are intentionally (such as in medicine) or unintentionally (environment exposure) introduced into the human body. However, to date, the detrimental effects of NPs are still unclear, especially in reproductive and developmental toxicity. In this study, we researched 266 articles related to the reproductive and developmental toxicity of NPs from 2006 to December 2016 based on the database of the Web of Science...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219248/-my-mother-told-me-that-i-should-not-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-restrictions-placed-on-adolescent-girls-living-with-hiv-in-zambia
#3
Constance Rs Mackworth-Young, Virginia Bond, Alison Wringe, Katongo Konayuma, Sue Clay, Chipo Chiiya, Mutale Chonta, Kirsty Sievwright, Anne L Stangl
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa are disproportionately affected by HIV due to a range of social and structural factors. As they transition to adulthood, they are recipients of increasing blame for HIV infection and 'improper' sex, as well as increasing scrutiny, restrictions and surveillance. This study used a qualitative and participatory approach to explore the messaging and restrictions imposed on adolescent girls living with HIV in Zambia. METHODS: Thirty-four in-depth interviews and four participatory workshops were carried out with 24 adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 years old living with HIV in Lusaka, Zambia...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219003/the-futile-case-of-the-aging-ovary-is-it-mission-impossible-a-focused-review
#4
S Rasool, D Shah
Despite immense and impressive progress in the field of reproductive medicine, little has been achieved in terms of replenishing aged ovaries and improving their reproductive outcome. Age causes irreversible damage to human eggs in terms of quantity as well as quality. Nature probably designed women to reproduce best in their twenties and thirties. However, due to social, personal, career, educational and financial pressures, women delay pregnancies until their late thirties, by which time the chance of becoming pregnant is compromised by low fecundity rates and an increased risk of miscarriage...
December 8, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215148/31-p-t2-s-of-phosphomonoesters-phosphodiesters-and-inorganic-phosphate-in-the-human-brain-at-7t
#5
Wybe J M van der Kemp, Dennis W J Klomp, Jannie P Wijnen
PURPOSE: To determine the phosphorus-31 T2 s of phosphomonoesters, phosphodiesters, and inorganic phosphate in the healthy human brain at 7T. METHODS: A 3D chemical shift imaging multi-echo sequence with composite block pulses for refocusing was used to measure one free induction decay (FID) and seven full echoes with an echo spacing of 45 ms on the brain of nine healthy volunteers (age range 22-45 years; average age 27 ± 8 years). Spectral fitting was used to determine the change in metabolic signal amplitude with echo time...
December 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212579/time-course-of-vitamin-d-depletion-and-repletion-in-reproductive-age-female-c57bl-6-mice
#6
Anthony M Belenchia, Sarah A Johnson, Alyssa C Kieschnick, Cheryl S Rosenfeld, Catherine A Peterson
The use of animal models in vitamin D deficiency (VDD) research, particularly in regard to maternal deficits, has increased dramatically, yet these studies may be confounded due to ill-conceived experimental timelines. We conducted 2 experiments to (1) characterize the time course of VDD induction and repletion and (2) explore the long-term consequences of VDD on calcium homeostasis and body composition in reproductive-age female mice. Eight-week-old female C57BL/6 mice were randomized to receive either a vitamin D sufficient (VDS) or VDD diet; serum was collected weekly...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211889/reduced-live-birth-rates-after-ivf-icsi-in-women-with-previous-unilateral-oophorectomy-results-of-a-multicentre-cohort-study
#7
Tekla Lind, Jan Holte, Jan I Olofsson, Nermin Hadziosmanovic, Johannes Gudmundsson, Elizabeth Nedstrand, Mikael Lood, Lars Berglund, Kenny Rodriguez-Wallberg
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a reduced live-birth rate (LBR) after IVF/ICSI treatment in women with a previous unilateral oophorectomy (UO)? SUMMARY ANSWER: A significantly reduced LBR after IVF/ICSI was found in women with previous UO when compared with women with intact ovaries in this large multicentre cohort, both crudely and after adjustment for age, BMI, fertility centre and calendar period and regardless of whether the analysis was based on transfer of embryos in the fresh cycle only or on cumulative results including transfers using frozen-thawed embryos...
December 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211030/thymbra-capitata-l-cav-and-rosmarinus-officinalis-l-essential-oils-in-vitro-effects-and-toxicity-on-swine-spermatozoa
#8
Alberto Elmi, Domenico Ventrella, Francesca Barone, Gianfranco Filippini, Stefania Benvenuti, Annamaria Pisi, Maurizio Scozzoli, Maria L Bacci
Essential oils possess a variety of biological properties (i.e., antioxidant, antibacterial, and cytotoxic) that could possibly be applied in reproductive medicine, but their effects on spermatozoa are still partially unknown. The aim of the study was to describe the effects of Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav. and Rosmarinus officinalis (L.) essential oils on the main morpho-functional parameters of swine spermatozoa. Essential oils were preliminary characterized by gas chromatography and added with emulsifiers to facilitate diffusion...
December 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210333/training-reproductive-health-professionals-in-a-post-conflict-environment-exploring-medical-nursing-and-midwifery-education-in-mogadishu-somalia
#9
Abdiasis Yalahow, Mariam Hassan, Angel M Foster
Following two decades of civil war, Somalia recently entered the post-conflict rebuilding phase that has resulted in the rapid proliferation of higher education institutions. Given the high maternal mortality ratio, the federal government has identified the reproductive health education of health service professionals as a priority. Yet little is known about the coverage of contraception, abortion, pregnancy, childbirth, and sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in medicine, nursing, or midwifery. In 2016, we conducted a multi-methods study to understand the reproductive health education and training landscape and identify avenues by which development of the next generation of health service professionals could be improved...
December 6, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209484/correlation-between-saliva-and-serum-concentrations-of-estradiol-in-women-undergoing-ovarian-hyperstimulation-with-gonadotropins-for-ivf-icsi
#10
C Dielen, T Fiers, S Somers, E Deschepper, J Gerris
Aim of the study: To examine saliva- and serum concentrations correlation of estradiol (E2) in women undergoing ovarian hyperstimulation for IVF/ICSI. Saliva measurements could simplify stimulation follow up. A 'home' test for E2 could be useful. Methods: Prospective interventional academic monocentric study at the Centre for Reproductive Medicine of the University Hospital of Ghent, Belgium. Between November 2014 and August 2015 thirty-one patients were included after random selection (inclusion criteria: < 41 years of age, any rank of IVF/ICSI cycle, serum anti- Müllerian hormone concentration ≥ 1 μg/L, treatment completely at the University Hospital...
June 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208680/subtle-modifications-to-oxytocin-produce-ligands-that-retain-potency-and-improved-selectivity-across-species
#11
Markus Muttenthaler, Åsa Andersson, Irina Vetter, Rohit Menon, Marta Busnelli, Lotten Ragnarsson, Christian Bergmayr, Sarah Arrowsmith, Jennifer R Deuis, Han Sheng Chiu, Nathan J Palpant, Margaret O'Brien, Terry J Smith, Susan Wray, Inga D Neumann, Christian W Gruber, Richard J Lewis, Paul F Alewood
Oxytocin and vasopressin mediate various physiological functions that are important for osmoregulation, reproduction, cardiovascular function, social behavior, memory, and learning through four G protein-coupled receptors that are also implicated in high-profile disorders. Targeting these receptors is challenging because of the difficulty in obtaining ligands that retain selectivity across rodents and humans for translational studies. We identified a selective and more stable oxytocin receptor (OTR) agonist by subtly modifying the pharmacophore framework of human oxytocin and vasopressin...
December 5, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205996/current-management-of-ovarian-endometriomas
#12
Ludovico Muzii, Chiara DI Tucci, Daniele DI Mascio, Mara DI Feliciantonio, Oriana Capri, Daniela Pietrangeli, Francesco Rech, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
The choice of treatment in case of ovarian endometriomas is one of the most discussed topics in Reproductive Medicine. Management options include expectancy, medical treatment, surgery, in-vitro fertilization (IVF), or a combination of the above. The main presenting symptom, i.e. pain or infertility, usually guide the choice of treatment. Medical treatment is usually preferred as the first line option when pain is the associated symptom, whereas surgery or IVF are preferred in case of associated infertility...
December 4, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202968/child-rearing-ability-and-the-provision-of-fertility-services-an-ethics-committee-opinion
#13
(no author information available yet)
Fertility programs may withhold services from prospective patients on the basis of well-grounded reasons that those patients will be unable to provide minimally adequate or safe care for offspring. This document was reviewed and updated; this version replaces the previous version of this document, last published July 2013 (Fertil Steril 2013;100:50-53).
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202959/antim%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-and-antral-follicle-counts-are-not-reduced-compared-with-community-controls-in-patients-with-rigorously-defined-unexplained-infertility
#14
Eleni A Greenwood, Marcelle I Cedars, Nanette Santoro, Esther Eisenberg, Chia-Ning Kao, Daniel J Haisenleder, Michael P Diamond, Heather G Huddleston
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that women with unexplained infertility demonstrate evidence of diminished ovarian reserve when compared with a population of community controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Multicenter university-based clinical practices. PATIENT(S): Study participants included 277 healthy, normo-ovulatory female partners with rigorously defined unexplained infertility randomly selected from a multicenter trial (Assessment of Multiple Intrauterine Gestations from Ovarian Stimulation)...
December 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199464/sperm-rna-elements-as-markers-of-health
#15
Rayanne B Burl, Stephanie Clough, Edward Sendler, Molly Estill, Stephen A Krawetz
Idiopathic infertility, an etiology not identified as part of standard clinical assessment, represents approximately 20% of all infertility cases. Current male infertility diagnosis focuses on the concentration, motility, and morphology of spermatozoa. This is of limited value when predicting birth success and of limited utility when selecting the optimum treatment. At fertilization, spermatozoa provide their genomic contribution, as well as a set of RNAs and proteins that have distinct roles in development...
December 3, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197659/network-based-method-for-mining-novel-hpv-infection-related-genes-using-random-walk-with-restart-algorithm
#16
Liucun Zhu, Fangchu Su, YaoChen Xu, Quan Zou
The human papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus that infects the reproductive tract, may lead to malignant changes within the infection area in certain cases and is directly associated with such cancers as cervical cancer, anal cancer, and vaginal cancer. Identification of novel HPV infection related genes can lead to a better understanding of the specific signal pathways and cellular processes related to HPV infection, providing information for the development of more efficient therapies. In this study, several novel HPV infection related genes were predicted by a computation method based on the known genes involved in HPV infection from HPVbase...
November 29, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193340/template-based-field-map-prediction-for-rapid-whole-brain-b0-shimming
#17
Yuhang Shi, S Johanna Vannesjo, Karla L Miller, Stuart Clare
PURPOSE: In typical MRI protocols, time is spent acquiring a field map to calculate the shim settings for best image quality. We propose a fast template-based field map prediction method that yields near-optimal shims without measuring the field. METHODS: The template-based prediction method uses prior knowledge of the B0 distribution in the human brain, based on a large database of field maps acquired from different subjects, together with subject-specific structural information from a quick localizer scan...
November 28, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193244/an-efficient-sequence-for-fetal-brain-imaging-at-3t-with-enhanced-t1-contrast-and-motion-robustness
#18
Giulio Ferrazzi, Anthony N Price, Rui Pedro A G Teixeira, Lucilio Cordero-Grande, Jana Hutter, Ana Gomes, Francesco Padormo, Emer Hughes, Torben Schneider, Mary Rutherford, Maria Kuklisova Murgasova, Joseph V Hajnal
PURPOSE: Ultrafast single-shot T2 -weighted images are common practice in fetal MR exams. However, there is limited experience with fetal T1 -weighted acquisitions. This study aims at establishing a robust framework that allows fetal T1 -weighted scans to be routinely acquired in utero at 3T. METHODS: A 2D gradient echo sequence with an adiabatic inversion was optimized to be robust to fetal motion and maternal breathing optimizing grey/white matter contrast at the same time...
November 28, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190346/broad-support-for-regulating-the-clinical-implementation-of-future-reproductive-techniques
#19
S Hendriks, R Vliegenthart, S Repping, E A F Dancet
STUDY QUESTION: Do gynaecologists, infertile patients and the general public, consider that regulation of the clinical implementation of stem cell-based fertility treatments is required? SUMMARY ANSWER: There is broad support from gynaecologists, patients and the general public for regulating the clinical implementation of future stem cell-based fertility treatments. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There is debate on the need to regulate the clinical implementation of novel techniques...
November 28, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183818/federal-and-state-policy-efforts-to-address-maternal-opioid-misuse-gaps-and-challenges
#20
Jennifer B Saunders, Marian P Jarlenski, Robert Levy, Katy B Kozhimannil
BACKGROUND: Opioid misuse during pregnancy is increasingly common and is associated with preterm birth and neonatal abstinence syndrome. As such, there is increased policy attention on reducing opioid misuse and increasing detection and treatment of opioid use disorder around the time of childbirth. METHODS: We conducted a review of peer-reviewed and grey literature to identify policy strategies to address opioid misuse among pregnant women; to describe current federal and state laws that impact women before pregnancy, during pregnancy, at birth, and postpartum; and to identify gaps and challenges related to these efforts...
November 25, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
keyword
keyword
49442
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"