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Stephanie L Richards, Jo Anne G Balanay, Jonathan W Harris, Victoria M Banks, Steven Meshnick
Biological hazards such as exposure to ticks and mosquitoes can affect health. Permethrin-treated clothing is available to the public. We don’t currently understand, however, the effects of environmental factors such as fabric type, washing, sunlight, and temperature on permethrin content in treated clothing with respect to mosquito knockdown and mortality. We evaluated the extent to which fabric type (100% cotton denim jeans, 100% polyester work shirt, 35% cotton/65% polyester work shirt), light exposure (0 or 100%), temperature (18 °C, 32 °C), and number of washes (0, 3, 12, 36) affected mosquito knockdown 2 hours post-exposure, mosquito mortality 24 hours post-exposure, and permethrin content...
April 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
Wangxin Tang, Di Wang, Jiaqi Wang, Zhengwen Wu, Lingyu Li, Mingli Huang, Shaohui Xu, Dongyun Yan
Pyrethroids are synthetic organic insecticides with low mammalian toxicity that are widely used in both rural and urban areas worldwide. After entering the natural environment, pyrethroids circulate among the three phases of solid, liquid, and gas and enter organisms through food chains, resulting in substantial health risks. This review summarized the available studies on pyrethroid residues since 1986 in different media at the global scale and indicated that pyrethroids have been widely detected in a range of environments (including soils, water, sediments, and indoors) and in organisms...
October 23, 2017: Chemosphere
John W McCall, Marie Varloud, Elizabeth Hodgkins, Abdelmoneim Mansour, Utami DiCosty, Scott McCall, James Carmichael, Ben Carson, Justin Carter
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the influence of a topical ectoparasiticide (dinotefuran-permethrin-pyriproxyfen, DPP, Vectra® 3D, Ceva Animal Health) combined with a macrocyclic lactone (milbemycin oxime, MBO, Interceptor®, Virbac) on transmission of heartworm L3 from mosquitoes to dogs and subsequent development of worms in treated dogs exposed to infected mosquitoes. METHODS: Thirty-two beagle dogs were allocated to four groups of eight: Group 1, untreated controls; Group 2, treated topically with DPP on Day 0; Group 3, treated orally with MBO on Day 51; and Group 4, treated with DPP on Day 0 and MBO on Day 51...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
John W McCall, Elizabeth Hodgkins, Marie Varloud, Abdelmoneim Mansour, Utami DiCosty
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the influence of a topical ectoparasiticide (dinotefuran-permethrin-pyriproxyfen, DPP, Vectra®3D, Ceva Animal Health) on the acquisition of heartworm microfilariae by mosquitoes exposed to microfilaremic dogs weekly for 1 month. METHODS: Six beagle dogs (9.2 ± 1.6 kg body weight) infected with Dirofilaria immitis were allocated to two groups of three dogs: an untreated control group and a DPP-treated group. Dogs were treated on Day 0 and exposed under sedation for 1 h to 80 ± 20 unfed Aedes aegypti...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Cynthia Paz-Trejo, Sandra Gómez-Arroyo
This study aims to evaluate the genotoxic potential of four commercial pesticides with diverse health categorizations by different world associations currently in use. We tested the fungicide mancozeb and the insecticides pirimicarb, monocrotophos and permethrin. The research was done with in vitro human peripheral blood lymphocytes using the DNA single gel electrophoresis assay and the cytokinesis-block micronucleus (MN) test, where we analysed common parameters such as the tail moment and the frequency of MN formation...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Ming Zhang, Juan He, Yanzheng Shen, Weiye He, Yuanyuan Li, Dongxin Zhao, Shusheng Zhang
A polymer-based adsorption medium with molecular recognition ability for homologs of pyrethroids was prepared by atom transfer radical polymer iration using a fragment imprinting technique. Phenyl ether-biphenyl eutectic was utilized as a pseudo-template molecule, and the adsorption medium prepared was evaluated by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography. Selectivity of the medium for pyrethroids was evaluated using it as solid phase extraction packing by Gas Chromatography. The results demonstrated that the absorption amount of bifenthrin, fenpropathrin, permethrin, cypermethrin, fenvalerate, Dursban and pentachloronitrobenzene for molecularly imprinted polymers were 2...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Pamela M Stark, Chris L Fredregill, Melissa S Nolan, Mustapha Debboun
The ground adulticiding program in densely populated Harris County has been employed on the basis of virus-positive mosquitoes almost exclusively using the 'rotation of chemicals best practices' stratagem. To evaluate its effectiveness, 15 comparative field cage testing events were conducted from 2011-2015 using seven wild population samples from repeatedly collected locations of Culex quinquefasciatus Say and a laboratory susceptible Sebring strain colony reared to adults. A 3 × 3 plot design was employed for exposure to ultra-low volume applications of malathion and synergized permethrin...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
Andrea Amaroli, Lorenzo Gallus, Sara Ferrando
The use of pyrethroids has increased throughout the world over the past few decades, as organophosphate, carbamate and organochlorine insecticides are being phased out. Permethrin is widely used in the USA for crops treatment, at concentrations around 750 × 10(3) μg/L. In our study 3.6 μg/L permethrin decreases the fission-rate and the fruiting bodies formation of slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum. Whereas 3.6 × 10(4) μg/L kills the 100% of amoebae, showing a 24 h-LC50 = 96.6 μg/L. This concentration induces an increase in the pseudocholinesterase activity as well as in both butyrylcholinesterase and heat-shock-protein 70 presence...
October 26, 2017: Chemosphere
Shaiene C Moreno, Flaviano O Silvério, Marcelo C Picanço, Elson S Alvarenga, Renata R Pereira, Paulo A Santana Júnior, Gerson A Silva
Insect pests are responsible for major losses in crop productivity, and insecticides are the main tools used to control these organisms. There is increasing demand for new products for pest management. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the toxicity of pyrethroids with acid moiety modifications to measure the insecticidal activity of these compounds on Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). First, we synthesized E/Z mixtures of five pyrethroids: [9], [10], [11], [12], and [13]. Then, we separated the cis and trans pyrethroid isomers of [9], [10], [11], and [12]...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Lesa L Aylward, Kim Irwin, Annie St-Amand, Andy Nong, Sean M Hays
3-Phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA) is a common metabolite of several pyrethroid pesticides of differing potency and also occurs as a residue in foods resulting from environmental degradation of parent pyrethroid compounds. Thus, 3-PBA in urine is not a specific biomarker of exposure to a particular pyrethroid. However, an approach derived from the use of Biomonitoring Equivalents (BEs) can be used to estimate a conservative initial screening value for a tiered assessment of population data on 3-PBA in urine. A conservative generic urinary excretion fraction for 3-PBA was estimated from data for five pyrethroid compounds with human data...
November 4, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Seline Omondi, Wolfgang Richard Mukabana, Eric Ochomo, Margaret Muchoki, Brigid Kemei, Charles Mbogo, Nabie Bayoh
BACKGROUND: The development and spread of resistance among local vectors to the major classes of insecticides used in Long-Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) and Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) poses a major challenge to malaria vector control programs worldwide. The main methods of evaluating insecticide resistance in malaria vectors are the WHO tube bioassay and CDC bottle assays, with their weakness being determination of resistance at a fixed dose for variable populations. The CDC bottle assay using different insecticide dosages has proved applicable in ascertaining the intensity of resistance...
November 6, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
Wenping Xu, Songlin Liu, Yang Zhang, Jufang Gao, Mingjun Yang, Xiao Liu, Liming Tao
In order to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of cypermethrin resistance in Culex pipiens pallens Coq, the susceptible strain (SS strain) and cypermethrin resistant strain (CR strain) of Cx. p. pallens were investigated in this paper. The cypermethrin resistance ratio of CR strain to SS strain was measured by biological assays method, the cDNA sequence of sodium channel was cloned and analyzed. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the expression levels of the detoxification-related genes across between CR strain and SS strain of Cx...
October 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Kourosh Arzamani, Hassan Vatandoost, Yavar Rassi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Mohammad Alavinia, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Mehdi Mohebali, Sayena Rafizadeh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) transmit several important zoonotic diseases to humans and leishmaniasis is one of them. Two types of leishmaniasis, viz. visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are endemic in Iran. The main vector of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is Phlebotomus sergenti. The aim of the present study was to determine the susceptibility status of wild strain of P. sergenti to different imagicides of DDT, bendiocarb and permethrin at the median lethal time, LT50 level...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
Soraya Sheikhi, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Reza Abai, Mansoreh Shayeghi, Ahmad Raeisi, Morteza Akbari, Fatemeh Nikpoor, Mohammad Sistanizade Aghdam, Akbar Bagheri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the wash resistance of Olyset(®) Plus using World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme standard washing procedure and to assess the value of knock down and mortality rates of Anopheles stephensi at different regimens of long lasting insecticide treated nets washings. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Bioassay Laboratory of Culicidae Insectary, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The net was made of polyester impregnated with permethrin and piperonyl butoxide at a ratio of 2:1...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan, Waseem Akram, Ammara Fatima
House flies are one of the major public health pests in urban settings. People usually use insecticides containing pyrethroids for the management of house flies; however, there is a lack of information on pyrethroid resistance in house flies from urban areas. In the present study, resistance to four pyrethroids (beta-cyfluthrin, deltamethrin, permethrin, transfluthrin) was assessed in house flies collected from urban areas of Punjab, Pakistan. Significant levels of resistance to all the pyrethroids were found in different strains of house flies...
October 27, 2017: Parasitology Research
Steven D Frank, Amanda L Anderson, Christopher M Ranger
Exotic ambrosia beetles, particularly Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) and Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), are among the most damaging pests of ornamental trees in nurseries. Growers have had few tactics besides insecticide applications to reduce ambrosia beetle attacks but recent research has shown that attacks may be reduced by maintaining media moisture below a 50% threshold thereby reducing flood stress. We compared the efficacy of managing media moisture and insecticide applications for reducing ambrosia beetle attacks on three ornamental tree species in North Carolina...
October 23, 2017: Environmental Entomology
Ngoula Ferdinand, Ngoumtsop Victor Herman, Ngouateu Kenfack Omer Bebe, Kenfack Augustave, Mutwedu Valence, Nguemmogne Tamdem Ghislaine, Tchoffo Herve, Azafack Kana Dorice, Deutcheu Sorelle, Manjeli Yacouba
BACKGROUND: Antouka Super(®) (AS), a combination of insecticide (Pirimiphos-methyl 16% and Permethrin 3%), is one of the most widely used pesticides in agriculture, public health, home and garden, with high potential for human and animal exposure. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of AS on the serum testosterone, oxidative stress biomarkers, testis histology and fertility of male Japanese quail. METHODS: Thirty-two (32) male Japanese quails twenty-eight (28) days were randomly divided into four groups: C0 (control), T1, T2 and T3, exposed daily (gavage) to 0, 37...
October 2017: Heliyon
Shirin Hooshfar, Michael G Bartlett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2017: Bioanalysis
Wilbert Bunini Manyilizu, Robbinson Hammerton Mdegela, Arnfinn Helleve, Eystein Skjerve, Rudovick Kazwala, Hezron Nonga, Mette Hellen Bjorge Muller, Elisabeth Lie, Jan Lyche
The objective of the study was to describe self-reported health symptoms, the use of personal protective gear and clothing and poor safety procedures when applying pesticides among farm workers. A total of 128 adult farm workers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire during the farming season. The commonly used pesticides included profenofos, mancozeb, chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, permethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, endosulfan and carbosulfan. The majority (>90%) of farm workers used no personal protective clothing while handling pesticides...
September 27, 2017: Toxics
Arthur M Agnello, Deborah I Breth, Elizabeth M Tee, Kerik D Cox, Sara M Villani, Katrin M Ayer, Anna E Wallis, Daniel J Donahue, David B Combs, Abagail E Davis, Joshua A Neal, Forrest M English-Loeb
Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) has caused increasing damage in high-density New York apple orchards since 2013, resulting in tree decline and death. We documented their occurrence and timing in > 50 orchards using ethanol-baited traps from 2014 to 2016. First captures ranged from 48 to 83 degree days (base 10 °C) from 1 January. Captures were numerically higher at the orchard-woods interface than within the orchard interior, but differences were not significant in locations with lower populations...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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