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Cinzia Nasuti, Gloria Brunori, Piera Eusepi, Lisa Marinelli, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Rosita Gabbianelli
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative stress, alpha-synuclein changes, mitochondrial complex I defects and dopamine loss, observed in the striatum of rats exposed to the pesticide permethrin in early life, could represent neuropathological hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD). Nevertheless, an animal model of PD should also fulfill criteria of face and predictive validities. This study was designed to: 1) verify dopaminergic status in the striatum and substantia nigra pars compacta; 2) recognize non-motor symptoms; 3) investigate the time-course development of motor disabilities; 4) assess L-Dopa effectiveness on motor symptoms in rats previously exposed to permethrin in early life...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Leslie L Muggelberg, Kara E Huff Hartz, Samuel A Nutile, Amanda D Harwood, Jennifer R Heim, Andrew P Derby, Donald P Weston, Michael J Lydy
The recent discovery of pyrethroid-resistant Hyalella azteca populations in California, USA suggests there has been significant exposure of aquatic organisms to these terrestrially-applied insecticides. Since resistant organisms are able to survive in relatively contaminated habitats they may experience greater pyrethroid bioaccumulation, subsequently increasing the risk of those compounds transferring to predators. These issues were evaluated in the current study following toxicity tests in water with permethrin which showed the 96-h LC50 of resistant H...
October 15, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Takashi Suzuki, Joseph H Osei, Akihiro Sasaki, Michelle Adimazoya, Maxwell Appawu, Daniel Boakye, Nobuo Ohta, Samuel Dadzie
BACKGROUND: Dengue is one of the emerging diseases that can mostly only be controlled by vector control since there is no vaccine for the disease. Although, Dengue has not been reported in Ghana, movement of people from neighbouring countries where the disease has been reported can facilitate transmission of the disease. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried on the University of Ghana campus to determine the risk of transmission of viral haemorrhagic fevers and the insecticide susceptibility status of Ae...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Yaacov Anziska, Afsana Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Mohana Krishnan Baskar, Prakhya Balakrishna Murthy
Effects of pyrethroids (beta-cyfluthrin, bifenthrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and permethrin) on the burst parameters (mean burst rate [MBR], percent spikes in burst [PSB], mean burst duration [MBD], mean spikes in burst [MSB], mean interspike interval in burst [MISIB], and mean interburst interval [MIBI]) have been investigated using the microelectrode array technique. Rat cortical neuronal networks (between 24 and 35 DIV) were exposed to the five accumulative concentrations of pyrethroids (0...
October 13, 2016: Neurotoxicology
Benjamin D Menze, Jacob M Riveron, Sulaiman S Ibrahim, Helen Irving, Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Parfait H Awono-Ambene, Charles S Wondji
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent progress in establishing the patterns of insecticide resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles funestus, Central African populations of this species remain largely uncharacterised. To bridge this important gap and facilitate the implementation of suitable control strategies against this vector, we characterised the resistance patterns of An. funestus population from northern Cameroon. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Collection of indoor-resting female mosquitoes in Gounougou (northern Cameroon) in 2012 and 2015 revealed a predominance of An...
2016: PloS One
Christelle Navarro, Nadège Reymond, Nolwenn Crastes, Stéphane Bonneau
Effitix is a new broad spectrum product based on the combination of fipronil 6.1% and permethrin 54.5% in a solution for spot-on application. It has been shown to be safe and efficacious in dogs in controlling tick, flea, sandfly, and mosquito infestations in laboratory conditions. The aim of this controlled, randomised study was to assess its safety and efficacy against natural tick infestations in field conditions. One hundred eighty-two privately owned dogs were included in France and Germany: 123 dogs were treated on day 0 with the permethrin-fipronil combination (Effitix) and 59 with a permethrin-imidacloprid combination (Advantix®)...
2016: BioMed Research International
John Kasumba, Bryan Hettick, Amanda French, Jeffrey K Wickliffe, Maureen Y Lichtveld, William B Hawkins, Alies van Sauers-Muller, David Klein
In this study, 10 mosquito coils manufactured in China were obtained in Suriname, South America, where they are used extensively. The coils were analyzed for organics (allethrin, permethrin, and butylated hydroxytoluene) and heavy metals (Cr, Co, As, Cd, and Pb) by GC-MS and ICP-MS, respectively. Allethrin was the only target organic compound detected in all mosquito coils with concentrations ranging from ~1900 to ~4500 µg/g. The concentrations of heavy metals varied as follows (in µg/g): Cr: 2.9-9.4, Co: 0...
October 3, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Mariusz Cycoń, Zofia Piotrowska-Seget
Pyrethroid insecticides have been used to control pests in agriculture, forestry, horticulture, public health and for indoor home use for more than 20 years. Because pyrethroids were considered to be a safer alternative to organophosphate pesticides (OPs), their applications significantly increased when the use of OPs was banned or limited. Although, pyrethroids have agricultural benefits, their widespread and continuous use is a major problem as they pollute the terrestrial and aquatic environments and affect non-target organisms...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Mehmet Karakuş, Yasemen Sarıkaya, Gizem Oğuz, Mert Doğan, Gökhan Ergan, Filiz Günay, Özge Erişöz Kasap, Yusuf Özbel, Bülent Alten
BACKGROUND: Leishmania is a group of parasitic flagellated protozoons, which are transmitted by female sand flies and produces health problems in humans and also in wild and domestic animals. So far, 25 Phlebotomus and 4 Sergentomyia species were recorded in Turkey including proven or possible vectors of Leishmania spp. As no single insecticide susceptibility test was conducted targeting the sand flies in Turkey, we aimed to determine the diagnostic dose against two commonly used synthetic pyrethroids (deltamethrin and permethrin) in a hyperendemic area for leishmaniasis...
September 29, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
Caroline A Efstathion, William H Kern
Introduction of the invasive Africanized honey bee (AHB) into the Neotropics is a serious problem for many cavity nesting birds, specifically parrots. These bees select cavities that are suitable nest sites for birds, resulting in competition. The difficulty of removing bees and their defensive behavior makes a prevention protocol necessary. Here, we describe a push-pull integrated pest management protocol to deter bees from inhabiting bird boxes by applying a bird safe insecticide, permethrin, to repel bees from nest boxes, while simultaneously attracting them to pheromone-baited swarm traps...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Prabhakar Mishra, A P B Balaji, Swathy J S, Aruna L Paari, Merlyn Kezhiah, B K Tyagi, Amitava Mukherjee, Natarajan Chandrasekaran
Nanopesticides such as nanopermethrin can serve as an alternative to conventional pesticides causing eco-toxicity. The nanoformulation of this pyrethroid pesticide was carried out by solvent evaporation of pesticide-loaded microemulsion. The Z average for the nanopermethrin dispersion in paddy field water was found to be 169.2 ± 0.75 nm with a polydispersity index of 0.371 that exhibits uniform dispersion. Further, the nanopermethrin (NP) dispersion exhibited an effective stability in the paddy field water for a duration of 48 h with a Z average of 177...
September 27, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Muhammad Wasim Sajid, Muhammad Shamoon, Muhammad Atif Randhawa, Muhammad Asim, Abdul Shakoor Chaudhry
Two hundred milk samples from 20 randomly selected dairy farms were screened for the incidence of organochlorine pesticide residues to evaluate the safety of milk in Faisalabad region. The results revealed that overall buffalo milk samples in winter (85 %) and in summer (78 %) were more contaminated as compared to cow milk samples 83 and 75 % in respective seasons. The residues of cyhalothrin were found only in summer season in milk of both species. Permethrin residues were detected at higher levels than perfinofos while DDT and methamedophos were found undetectable...
October 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
J Intirach, A Junkum, N Lumjuan, U Chaithong, A Jitpakdi, D Riyong, A Wannasan, D Champakaew, R Muangmoon, A Chansang, B Pitasawat
The increasing and widespread resistance to conventional synthetic insecticides in vector populations has underscored the urgent need to establish alternatives in the mosquito management system. This study was carried out with the aim to investigate the antimosquito property, larvicidal and adulticidal potential, of plant products against both the pyrethroid-susceptible and resistant strains of Aedes aegypti. Seventeen plant products, including essential oils and ethanolic extracts, were obtained by steam distillation and extraction with 95 % ethanol, respectively...
September 16, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Corine Ngufor, Raphael N'Guessan, Josias Fagbohoun, Damien Todjinou, Abibath Odjo, David Malone, Hanafy Ismail, Martin Akogbeto, Mark Rowland
Olyset Duo is a new long-lasting insecticidal net treated with permethrin (a pyrethroid) and pyriproxyfen, an insect growth regulator that disrupts the maturation of oocytes in mosquitoes exposed to the net. We tested the Olyset Duo net against pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes, which transmit malaria parasites, in laboratory bioassays and in a trial in Benin using experimental huts that closely resemble local habitations. Host-seeking mosquitoes that entered to feed were free to contact the occupied nets and were collected the next morning from exit traps...
September 14, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
Joanna Socorro, Amandine Durand, Brice Temime-Roussel, Sasho Gligorovski, Henri Wortham, Etienne Quivet
The persistent organic pollutants (POPs) due to their physicochemical properties can be widely spread all over the globe; as such they represent a serious threat to both humans and wildlife. According to Stockholm convention out of 24 officially recognized POPs, 16 are pesticides. The atmospheric life times of pesticides, up to now were estimated based on their gas-phase reactivity. It has been only speculated that sorption to aerosol particles may increase significantly the half-lives of pesticides in the atmosphere...
2016: Scientific Reports
Cristina Yunta, Nelson Grisales, Szilárd Nász, Kay Hemmings, Patricia Pignatelli, Michael Voice, Hilary Ranson, Mark J I Paine
Pyrethroid resistance is widespread in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae leading to concerns about the future efficacy of bednets with pyrethroids as the sole active ingredient. The incorporation of pyriproxyfen (PPF), a juvenile hormone analogue, into pyrethroid treated bednets is being trialed in Africa. Pyrethroid resistance is commonly associated with elevated levels of P450 expression including CYPs 6M2, 6P2, 6P3, 6P4, 6P5, 6Z2 and 9J5. Having expressed these P450s in E. coli we find all are capable of metabolizing PPF...
September 7, 2016: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
K Raoufinejad, P Mansouri, M Rajabi, Z Naraghi, R Jebraeili
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic, multifactorial, dermatological condition. Increased density of Demodex folliculorum mites in the skin of rosacea patients suggests a possible role for these mites in the pathophysiology of rosacea. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of permethrin 5% topical gel vs. placebo on Demodex density (Dd) and clinical presentations of rosacea patients, and also to further refine the quantitative assessment of Dd in the non-invasive standard skin surface biopsy (SSSB)...
September 7, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Ellen Koch, John Marshall Clark, Bernard Cohen, Terri L Meinking, William G Ryan, Audrey Stevenson, Robert Yetman, Kyong Sup Yoon
UNLABELLED: Head lice are a source of scalp irritation, social disruption, and loss of school time. Health care providers need authoritative information to help avoid the costs and risks of ineffective treatment. A review was completed to provide relevant information on infestation treatments available in the United States. Three major biomedical databases were searched from 1985, when current products were first available, to 2014, focusing on U.S. REPORTS: A total of 579 references remained after duplicates were removed...
September 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Corine Ngufor, Jessica Critchley, Josias Fagbohoun, Raphael N'Guessan, Damien Todjinou, Mark Rowland
BACKGROUND: Indoor spraying of walls and ceilings with residual insecticide remains a primary method of malaria control. Insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is a growing problem. Novel insecticides for indoor residual spraying (IRS) which can improve the control of pyrethroid resistant malaria vectors are urgently needed. Insecticide mixtures have the potential to improve efficacy or even to manage resistance in some situations but this possibility remains underexplored experimentally...
2016: PloS One
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