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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331075/an-examination-of-the-clinical-outcomes-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-broad-autism-spectrum-traits-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-anorexia-nervosa-a-multi-centre-study
#1
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Vanessa Peynenburg, Charlotte Rhind, Rebecca Hibbs, Ulrike Schmidt, Simon Gowers, Pamela Macdonald, Elizabeth Goddard, Gillian Todd, Nadia Micali, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical outcomes of adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) comorbid with broad autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or ASD traits. METHOD: The developmental and well-being assessment and social aptitude scale were used to categorize adolescents and young adults with AN (N = 149) into those with ASD traits (N = 23), and those who also fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a possible/probable ASD (N = 6). We compared both eating disorders specific measures and broader outcome measures at intake and 12 months follow-up...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329533/nutritional-status-of-in-school-children-and-its-associated-factors-in-denkyembour-district-eastern-region-ghana-comparing-schools-with-feeding-and-non-school-feeding-policies
#2
Mavis Pearl Kwabla, Charlotte Gyan, Francis Zotor
BACKGROUND: Childhood malnutrition still remains a major public health problem impacting negatively on the academic aptitude of school-aged children (SAC) particularly in limited resource countries. The Government of Ghana in collaboration with the Dutch Government introduced the school feeding programme (SFP) to boost the nutritional status of SAC in the country. This study sought to compare the nutritional status of SAC enrolled in schools with the SFP and SAC enrolled in schools without the SFP in place for the purpose of identifying which group has the higher rate of malnutrition...
January 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327634/clearing-the-confusion-about-self-directed-learning-and-self-regulated-learning
#3
Roghayeh Gandomkar, John Sandars
Self-Directed Learning (SDL) and Self-Regulated Learning (SRL) are often used without a clear distinction, leading to confusion in understanding and the use of inappropriate measurement tools. SDL is a general approach to learning and can be identified using 'aptitude' questionnaires but SRL is a dynamic and context specific learning process and requires 'event' measures, such as microanalysis. These differences have implications for research and remediation.
January 12, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311699/scientific-aptitude-better-explains-poor-responses-to-teaching-of-evolution-than-psychological-conflicts
#4
Rebecca Mead, Momna Hejmadi, Laurence D Hurst
It is considered a myth that non-acceptance of scientific consensus on emotive topics is owing to difficulties processing scientific information and is, instead, owing to belief-associated psychological conflicts, the strongest non-acceptors being highly educated. It has been unclear whether these results from adults explain variation in response to school-level teaching. We studied a cohort of UK secondary school students (aged 14-16) and assessed their acceptance and understanding of evolution. In addition, to address their aptitude for science we assessed their understanding of genetics and their teacher-derived assessment of science aptitude...
January 8, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300061/fabrication-of-an-artificial-nanosucker-device-with-a-large-area-nanotube-array-of-metallic-glass
#5
Wei-Ting Chen, Karthikeyan Manivannan, Chia-Chi Yu, Jinn P Chu, Jem-Kun Chen
The concurrent attachment and detachment movements of geckos on virtually any type of surface via their foot pads have inspired us to develop a thermal device with numerous arrangements of a multi-layer thin film together with electrodes that can help modify the temperature of the surface via application of a voltage. A sequential fabrication process was employed on a large-scale integration to generate well-defined contact hole arrays of photoresist for use as templates on the electrode-based device. The photoresist templates were then subjected to sputter deposition of the metallic glass Zr55Cu30Al10Ni5...
January 4, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250017/-when-music-speaks-auditory-cortex-morphology-as-a-neuroanatomical-marker-of-language-aptitude-and-musicality
#6
Sabrina Turker, Susanne M Reiterer, Annemarie Seither-Preisler, Peter Schneider
Recent research has shown that the morphology of certain brain regions may indeed correlate with a number of cognitive skills such as musicality or language ability. The main aim of the present study was to explore the extent to which foreign language aptitude, in particular phonetic coding ability, is influenced by the morphology of Heschl's gyrus (HG; auditory cortex), working memory capacity, and musical ability. In this study, the auditory cortices of German-speaking individuals (N = 30; 13 males/17 females; aged 20-40 years) with high and low scores in a number of language aptitude tests were compared...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239981/the-effect-of-practice-on-performance-and-pacing-strategies-during-an-exercise-circuit-involving-load-carriage
#7
Catriona A Burdon, Joonhee Park, Kyoko Tagami, Herbert Groeller, John A Sampson
Pacing is critical for athletic endeavours, and the strategies used by athletes are often modified following practice. The importance of practice when completing occupational assessments has been established, however the effect of load carriage and discrete sub-task activities on strategies to modulate physical exertion to complete a work task simulation is currently unknown. Therefore, we sought to investigate the effect of practice on pacing strategies employed to complete a physiological aptitude assessment circuit...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236665/-claude-bernard%C3%A2-%C3%A2-then-and-now
#8
Peter Wise
The early life of Claude Bernard - dreamer and frustrated playwright - reveals no indication of his future scientific aptitude. Cartesian doubt, a principle that he would adhere to lifelong, clouded a failed pharmacy apprenticeship that led to medical studies in Paris - but without great success. Research was his only aim, it was made possible only by a lucrative but unsuccessful arranged marriage. His passion for work and over-riding principles of truth and proof would ultimately allow him to stand out from his peers with recognition by multiple French professional societies - and the wider scientific world...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230835/genetic-contributions-to-precocity-traits-in-racing-thoroughbreds
#9
G Farries, P A McGettigan, K F Gough, B A McGivney, D E MacHugh, L M Katz, E W Hill
Adaptation to early training and racing (i.e. precocity), which is highly variable in racing Thoroughbreds, has implications for the selection and training of horses. We hypothesised that precocity in Thoroughbred racehorses is heritable. Age at first sprint training session (work day), age at first race and age at best race were used as phenotypes to quantify precocity. Using high-density SNP array data, additive SNP heritability (hSNP2) was estimated to be 0.17, 0.14 and 0.17 for the three traits respectively...
December 12, 2017: Animal Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229074/factors-associated-with-faculty-participation-in-research-activities-in-dental-schools
#10
Allan Pau, Hanan Omar, Saad Khan, Ammar Jassim, Liang Lin Seow, Chooi Gait Toh
BACKGROUND: To quantify participation in dental research activities in Malaysia, and investigate its association with socio-demographic and professional characteristics, and perceptions of research and development (R&D) culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental academics in Malaysian dental schools were invited to complete a questionnaire by email and post. The survey comprised questions on research activities in the past 12 months, socio-demographic and professional characteristics, and the R&D Culture Index...
December 2017: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223696/key-players-in-key-roles-the-baystate-patient-progress-initiative-to-improve-emergency-department-efficiency-and-productivity
#11
Niels K Rathlev, Jacqualyn Anderson, Joseph Schmidt, Joeli Hettler, Lynn Garreffi, Molly Gray, Douglas Neal, Paul Visintainer
BACKGROUND: The percentage of patients who leave the emergency department without being seen by a provider is a measure of efficiency and presents risk-management concerns. The number of patients actually "seen" by a provider is a measure of productivity. The opening of our new emergency department in December 2012, resulted in increases in both demand and the percentage of patients who left without being seen. Operational nursing leadership managed ED patient flow, but the structure was loosely organized on an ad hoc basis...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220080/high-salinity-impacts-germination-of-the-halophyte-cakile-maritima-but-primes-seeds-for-rapid-germination-upon-stress-release
#12
Ahmed Debez, Ikram Belghith, Andreas Pich, Wael Taamalli, Chedly Abdelly, Hans-Peter Braun
Seed germination recovery aptitude is an adaptive trait of overriding significance for the successful establishment and dispersal of extremophile plants in their native ecosystems. Cakile maritima is an annual halophyte frequent on Mediterranean coasts, which transiently produces transiently dormant seeds under high salinity, but that germinate fast when soil salinity is lowered by rainfall. Here, we report eco-physiological and proteomic data about (i) the effect of high salt (200 mM NaCl) on the early developmental stages (germination and seedling) and (ii) the seed germination recovery capacity of this species...
December 8, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204319/reference-standards-to-assess-physical-fitness-of-children-and-adolescents-of-brazil-an-approach-to-the-students-of-the-lake-itaip%C3%A3%C2%BA-region-brazil
#13
Edilson Hobold, Vitor Pires-Lopes, Rossana Gómez-Campos, Miguel de Arruda, Cynthia Lee Andruske, Jaime Pacheco-Carrillo, Marco Antonio Cossio-Bolaños
Background: The importance of assessing body fat variables and physical fitness tests plays an important role in monitoring the level of activity and physical fitness of the general population. The objective of this study was to develop reference norms to evaluate the physical fitness aptitudes of children and adolescents based on age and sex from the lake region of Itaipú, Brazil. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out with 5,962 students (2,938 males and 3,024 females) with an age range of 6...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195438/l2-voice-recognition-the-role-of-speaker-listener-and-stimulus-related-factors
#14
Polina Drozdova, Roeland van Hout, Odette Scharenborg
Previous studies examined various factors influencing voice recognition and learning with mixed results. The present study investigates the separate and combined contribution of these various speaker-, stimulus-, and listener-related factors to voice recognition. Dutch listeners, with arguably incomplete phonological and lexical knowledge in the target language, English, learned to recognize the voice of four native English speakers, speaking in English, during four-day training. Training was successful and listeners' accuracy was shown to be influenced by the acoustic characteristics of speakers and the sound composition of the words used in the training, but not by lexical frequency of the words, nor the lexical knowledge of the listeners or their phonological aptitude...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183602/copper-complexes-of-the-1-3-4-thiadiazole-derivatives-modulate-antioxidant-defense-responses-and-resistance-in-tomato-plants-against-fungal-and-bacterial-diseases
#15
Amal Smaili, Lalla Aicha Rifai, Siham Esserti, Tayeb Koussa, Fouad Bentiss, Salaheddine Guesmi, Abdelhakim Laachir, Mohamed Faize
The metallic complexes μ-chloro-μ-[2,5-bis (2-pyridyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole] aqua chlorocopper (II) dichlorocopper (II) (abbreviated 2PTH-Cu2-Cl4); aquabis [2,5-bis (2-pyridyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-κ2N2,N3] (trifluoromethane-sulfonato-κO) copper(II) trifluoro metrhanesulfonate (2PTH-Cu-tF) and bis[(2,5-bis(pyridine-2-yl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole-di-azido copper(II)] (2PTH-Cu-Az) were compared for their antimicrobial activities in vitro, and their aptitude to control Verticillium wilt and crown gall diseases development of tomato in the greenhouse...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182203/-self-directed-learning-and-academic-background-of-2010-to-2014-cohorts-of-medical-students
#16
Cristhian E Pérez-Villalobos, Eduardo A Fasce-Henry, Javiera A Ortega-Bastidas, Liliana E Ortiz-Moreira, Nancy Bastías-Vega, Carolina E Bustamante-Durán, Pilar Ibáñez-Gracia, Carolina G Márquez-Urrizola, Macarena Delgado-Rivera, Rocío Glaría-López
BACKGROUND: The widespread growth of higher education is increasing the heterogeneity of university students in terms of socioeconomic characteristics, academic story and cultural background. Medical schools are not an exception of this phenomenon. AIM: To compare the academic background and self-directed learning behavior of students who entered to a public medial school between 2010 and 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A non-probabilistic sample of 527 medical students aged between 17 and 29 years (60% men), was studied...
July 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176032/predictive-validity-of-pre-admission-assessments-on-medical-student-performance
#17
Al-Awwab Dabaliz, Samy Kaadan, M Marwan Dabbagh, Abdulaziz Barakat, Mohammad Abrar Shareef, Mohamad Al-Tannir, Akef Obeidat, Ayman Mohamed
Objectives: To examine the predictive validity of pre-admission variables on students' performance in a medical school in Saudi Arabia. Methods: In this retrospective study, we collected admission and college performance data for 737 students in preclinical and clinical years. Data included high school scores and other standardized test scores, such as those of the National Achievement Test and the General Aptitude Test. Additionally, we included the scores of the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) exams...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168729/the-mental-homologies-of-mammals-towards-an-understanding-of-another-mammals-world-view
#18
Marthe Kiley-Worthington
Mammals' mental homologies include that they look after their young, suckle and protect them; they acquire information about the world by learning. They have five types of sensory receptors and a brain to analyze the information and they feel: that is they are sentient. Mental homologies have been largely ignored by behavioural scientists since Darwin because of certain historical beliefs. This however has not been the case for people who have had to do with non-human mammals who have long recognized their mental similarities to humans...
November 23, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166646/reconstruction-of-membrane-current-by-deconvolution-and-its-application-to-membrane-capacitance-measurements-in-cardiac-myocytes
#19
Matej Hoťka, Ivan Zahradník
Correct detection of membrane currents under whole-cell patch-clamp conditions is limited by the transfer function of a recording system. The low-pass output filter of a recording amplifier alters the time course of membrane current and causes errors in relevant descriptors. To solve these problems, we developed a practical procedure for reconstruction of the time course of membrane currents based on deconvolution of recorded currents in frequency domain. The procedure was tested on membrane capacitance estimates from current responses to step voltage pulses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148768/the-cyanopivaloyl-ester-in-the-automated-solid-phase-synthesis-of-oligorhamnans
#20
Anne Geert Volbeda, Jeanine van Mechelen, Nico Meeuwenoord, Herman S Overkleeft, Gijsbert A van der Marel, Jeroen D C Codée
The development of effective protecting group chemistry is an important driving force behind the progress in the synthesis of complex oligosaccharides. Automated solid phase oligosaccharide synthesis is an attractive technique for the rapid assembly of oligosaccharides build up of repetitive elements. The fact that (harsh) reagents are used in excess in multiple reaction cycles make this technique extra demanding on the protecting groups used. Here, the synthesis of a set of oligorhamnan fragments is reported using the cyanopivaloyl (PivCN) ester, to ensure effective neighboring group participation during the glycosylation events...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
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