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Kirsty Maunder, Karen Walton, Peter Williams, Maree Ferguson, Eleanor Beck
AIM: To develop a framework for assessing the eHealth readiness of dietitians. METHODS: Using an inductive approach, this research was divided into three stages: 1. a systematic literature review to identify models or frameworks on eHealth readiness; 2. data synthesis to identify eHealth readiness themes and develop a framework; and 3. semi-structured interviews with Australian nutrition informatics experts to gain consensus and validate the framework. RESULTS: Two hundred and forty one unique citations were identified, of which twenty four met the research criteria and were included in the review and subsequent synthesis...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Dennis Pischel, Jörn H Buchbinder, Kai Sundmacher, Inna N Lavrik, Robert J Flassig
Imaging flow cytometry is a powerful experimental technique combining the strength of microscopy and flow cytometry to enable high-throughput characterization of cell populations on a detailed microscopic scale. This approach has an increasing importance for distinguishing between different cellular phenotypes such as proliferation, cell division and cell death. In the course of undergoing these different pathways, each cell is characterized by a high amount of properties. This makes it hard to filter the most relevant information for cell state discrimination...
2018: PloS One
P M Picciotti, F Bussu, L Calò, R Gallus, E Scarano, G DI Cintio, F Cassarà, L D'Alatri
The aim of this study was to assess if a correlation exists between language learning skills and musical aptitude through the analysis of scholarly outcomes concerning the study of foreign languages and music. We enrolled 502 students from a secondary Italian school (10-14 years old), attending both traditional courses (2 hours/week of music classes scheduled) and special courses (six hours). For statistical analysis, we considered grades in English, French and Music. Our results showed a significant correlation between grades in the two foreign languages and in music, both in the traditional courses and in special courses, and better results in French than for special courses...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Giuseppe M Vacca, Giorgia Stocco, Maria L Dettori, Emanuela Pira, Giovanni Bittante, Michele Pazzola
Goat milk and cheese production is continuously increasing and milk composition and coagulation properties (MCP) are useful tools to predict cheesemaking aptitude. The present study was planned to investigate the extension of lactodynamographic analysis up to 60 min in goat milk, to measure the farm and individual factors, and to investigate differences among 6 goat breeds. Daily milk yield (dMY) was recorded and milk samples collected from 1,272 goats reared in 35 farms. Goats were of 6 different breeds: Saanen and Camosciata delle Alpi for the Alpine type, and Murciano-Granadina, Maltese, Sarda, and Sarda Primitiva for the Mediterranean type...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Eunbyul Cho, Alexandra Perebikovsky, Olivia Benice, Sunshine Holmberg, Marc Madou, Maziar Ghazinejad
In this work, we report on a rapid, efficient electrochemical iodine sensor based on mechanically treated carbon nanofiber (MCNF) electrodes. The electrode’s highly graphitic content, unique microstructure, and the presence of nitrogen heteroatoms in its atomic lattice contribute to increased heterogeneous electron transfer and improved kinetics compared to conventional pyrolytic carbons. The electrode demonstrates selectivity for iodide ions in the presence of both interfering agents and high salt concentrations...
May 9, 2018: Sensors
Miriam A Mosing, Fredrik Ullén
Though several studies show that genetic factors influence individual differences in musical engagement, aptitude, and achievement, no study to date has investigated whether specialization among musically active individuals in terms of choice of instrument and genre is heritable. Using a large twin cohort, we explored whether individual differences in instrument choice, instrument category, and the type of music individuals engage in can entirely be explained by the environment or are partly due to genetic influences...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Franziska Degé, Katharina Kerkovius
Our study investigated the effect of a music training program on working memory (verbal memory, visual memory, and as a part of central executive processing working memory) in older adults. The experimental group was musically trained (drumming and singing), whereas one control group received a literature training program and a second control group was untrained. We randomly assigned 24 participants (all females; M = 77 years and 3 months) to the music group, the literature group, and the untrained group...
May 4, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Gabrielle M Finn, Lazaro Mwandigha, Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin
BACKGROUND: In addition to the evaluation of educational attainment and intellectual ability there has been interest in the potential to select medical school applicants on non-academic qualities. Consequently, a battery of self-report measures concerned with assessing 'non-cognitive' traits was piloted as part of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) administration to evaluate their potential to be used in selection. METHODS: The four non-cognitive instruments piloted were: 1) the Libertarian-communitarian scale, (2) The NACE (narcissism, aloofness, confidence and empathy, (3) the MEARS (Managing emotions and resilience scale; self-esteem, optimism, control, self-discipline, emotional-nondefensiveness and faking, and (4) an abridged version of instruments (1) and (2) combined...
May 3, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Yul-Wan Sung, Yousuke Kawachi, Uk-Su Choi, Daehun Kang, Chihiro Abe, Yuki Otomo, Seiji Ogawa
The success of human life in modern society is highly dependent on occupation. Therefore, it is very important for people to identify and develop a career plan that best suits their aptitude. Traditional test batteries for vocational aptitudes are not oriented to measure developmental changes in job suitability because repeated measurements can introduce bias as the content of the test batteries is learned. In this study, we attempted to objectively assess vocational aptitudes by measuring functional brain networks and identified functional brain networks that intrinsically represented vocational aptitudes for 19 job divisions in a General Aptitude Test Battery...
May 1, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
C Julien, J Laroche, F-X Deledalle, F-X Brocq, R Fournier, P Rivière, E Lechevallier, P-H Savoie
INTRODUCTION: Military people are inapt for presence of urinary stones. In this specific population, the treatment of stones is even more aggressive than for the general population without recommendation. The final decision about aptitude is the responsibility of the military doctor. Whereas, ureteroscopy has its place there and must done by any urologist. METHODS: The purpose of this study was to estimate the results of treatments by ureteroscopy in this population...
April 25, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin, Daniel Smith, Jon S Dowell, Lazaro M Mwandigha
BACKGROUND: Misconduct during medical school predicts subsequent fitness to practise (FtP) events in doctors, but relatively little is known about which factors are associated with such issues during undergraduate education. This study exploits the newly created UK medical education database (UKMED), with the aim of identifying predictors of conduct or health-related issues that could potentially impair FtP. The findings would have implications for policies related to both the selection and support of medical students...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
D Alan Nelson, Patricia A Deuster, Francis G OʼConnor, Lianne M Kurina
PURPOSE: Heat illnesses are important and potentially fatal conditions among physically active individuals. We determined predictors of heat illness among enlistees in a large military population experiencing common physical activity patterns. METHODS: We estimated the adjusted odds of mild and severe heat illness associated with demographic, health-related, and geographic factors among active-duty, United States Army soldiers enlisting between January 2011 - December 2014 (N=238,168) using discrete-time multivariable logistic regression analyses...
April 27, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
James C Rosser, Timothy B Legare, Charles Jacobs, Katherine M Choi, Jeffrey P Fleming, Jamie Nakagiri
OBJECTIVE: The SAGES Mini Med School (SMMS) was designed to expose high school students to the field of surgery through mentoring, knowledge transfer, and hands-on experience with simulation. The objective of this paper is to profile the evolutionary development, performance metrics, and satisfaction queries of this innovative effort. METHODS: Sixty-one high school students, grades 9-12, took part in the (SMMS) program during the 2015 SAGES Annual Congress. The students completed a surgical skills lab session where they attempted tasks associated with the development of open surgical and laparoscopic skills...
April 2, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Philippe Lherminier
We distinguish two types of predations: the predation of matter-energy equals the food chain, and the informative predation is the capture of the information brought by the sexual partners. The cell or parent consumes energy and matter to grow, multiply and produce offspring. A fixed amount of resources is divided by the number of organisms, so individual growth and numerical multiplication are limited by depletion resources of the environment. Inversely, fertilization does not destroy information, but instead produces news...
March 29, 2018: Comptes Rendus Biologies
Irma Järvelä
When searching for genetic markers inherited together with musical aptitude, genes affecting inner ear development and brain function were identified. The alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA), located in the most significant linkage region of musical aptitude, was overexpressed when listening and performing music. The GATA-binding protein 2 gene (GATA2) was located in the best associated region of musical aptitude and regulates SNCA in dopaminergic neurons, thus linking DNA- and RNA-based studies of music-related traits together...
March 23, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Bhavika K Patel, Matthew Covington, Victor J Pizzitola, Roxanne Lorans, Marina Giurescu, William Eversman, John Lewin
OBJECTIVE: As experience and aptitude in digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) have increased, radiologists are seeing more areas of architectural distortion (AD) on DBT images compared with standard 2D mammograms. The purpose of this study is to report our experience using tomosynthesis-guided vacuum-assisted biopsies (VABs) for ADs that were occult at 2D mammography and ultrasound and to analyze the positive predictive value for malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 34 DBT-detected ADs that were occult at mammography and ultrasound...
March 23, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Kathryn Rieger, Marie-Helene Rarra, Laura Diaz Hernandez, Daniela Hubl, Thomas Koenig
Auditory verbal hallucinations depend on a broad neurobiological network ranging from the auditory system to language as well as memory-related processes. As part of this, the auditory N100 event-related potential (ERP) component is attenuated in patients with schizophrenia, with stronger attenuation occurring during auditory verbal hallucinations. Changes in the N100 component assumingly reflect disturbed responsiveness of the auditory system toward external stimuli in schizophrenia. With this premise, we investigated the therapeutic utility of neurofeedback training to modulate the auditory-evoked N100 component in patients with schizophrenia and associated auditory verbal hallucinations...
March 1, 2018: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
Lingdi Cao, Peng Zhu, Yongsheng Zhao, Jihong Zhao
Large-scale application of ionic liquids (ILs) hinges on the advancement of designable and eco-friendly nature. Research of the potential toxicity of ILs towards different organisms and trophic levels is insufficient. Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSAR) model is applied to evaluate the toxicity of ILs towards the leukemia rat cell line (ICP-81). The structures of 57 cations and 21 anions were optimized by quantum chemistry. The electrostatic potential surface area (SEP ) and charge distribution area (Sσ-profile ) descriptors are calculated and used to predict the toxicity of ILs...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Manuela Schnyder, Hubertus Hertzberg, Alexander Mathis, Marietta Schönmann, Adrian Hehl, Peter Deplazes
Pursuant to the Joint Declaration by 29 European education ministers in June 1999 in the city of Bologna, Italy, the so-called 'Bologna Process' was officially introduced at the Vetsuisse Faculty (Universities of Zurich and Berne) in Switzerland in 2007. The long-term goal of restructuring the study programmes was to create a common European Higher Education Area (EHEA), with uniform and clearly defined standards for degrees ("diplomas"). Accordingly, the Vetsuisse curriculum was organised as a 3-year Bachelor and a 2-year Master study program...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Yang-Hsueh Chen, Yu-Ju Lin
While self-regulation has long been recognized as an important characteristic of an individual, instruments assessing the general aptitude of self-regulation remain limited especially in Asian countries. This study re-validated Carey et al.'s (2004) Short Self-Regulation Questionnaire based on a national sample of Taiwanese college students ( N = 1,988). Item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) yielded 22 items in five internally consistent factors. Descriptive findings showed that, a lack of proactiveness and volitional control, and a decrease of self-regulation throughout the college span appeared to be an overarching problem among Taiwanese college students...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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