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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889122/genome-wide-association-study-for-cheese-yield-and-curd-nutrient-recovery-in-dairy-cows
#1
C Dadousis, S Biffani, C Cipolat-Gotet, E L Nicolazzi, G J M Rosa, D Gianola, A Rossoni, E Santus, G Bittante, A Cecchinato
Cheese production and consumption are increasing in many countries worldwide. As a result, interest has increased in strategies for genetic selection of individuals for technological traits of milk related to cheese yield (CY) in dairy cattle breeding. However, little is known about the genetic background of a cow's ability to produce cheese. Recently, a relatively large panel (1,264 cows) of different measures of individual cow CY and milk nutrient and energy recoveries in the cheese (REC) became available...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881806/how-do-gloves-affect-cutaneous-sensibility-in-medical-practice-two-new-applied-tests
#2
Peter Mylon, Matt J Carré, Nicolas Martin, Roger Lewis
In order to quantify the effect of medical gloves on tactile performance, two new Simulated Medical Examination Tactile Tests (SMETT) have been developed to replicate the tactile and haptic ability required in medical examinations: the 'Bumps' test and the 'Princess and the Pea' (P&P) test. A pilot study was carried out using 30-40 subjects for each test in order to investigate the suitability of the tests for medical glove evaluation. Tests were performed with latex and nitrile examination gloves and without gloves...
November 23, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881113/psychotherapy-integration-under-scrutiny-investigating-the-impact-of-integrating-emotion-focused-components-into-a-cbt-based-approach-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Anna Babl, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Sara Heer, Mu Lin, Annabarbara Stähli, Dominique Holstein, Martina Belz, Yvonne Egenolf, Eveline Frischknecht, Fabian Ramseyer, Daniel Regli, Emma Schmied, Christoph Flückiger, Jeannette Brodbeck, Thomas Berger, Franz Caspar
BACKGROUND: This currently recruiting randomized controlled trial investigates the effects of integrating components of Emotion-Focused Therapy (EFT) into Psychological Therapy (PT), an integrative form of cognitive-behavioral therapy in a manner that is directly mirroring common integrative practice in the sense of assimilative integration. Aims of the study are to understand how both, an existing therapy approach as well as the elements to be integrated, are affected by the integration and to clarify the role of emotional processing as a mediator of therapy outcome...
November 24, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875171/vlat-development-of-a-visualization-literacy-assessment-test
#4
Sukwon Lee, Sung-Hee Kim, Bum Chul Kwon
The Information Visualization community has begun to pay attention to visualization literacy; however, researchers still lack instruments for measuring the visualization literacy of users. In order to address this gap, we systematically developed a visualization literacy assessment test (VLAT), especially for non-expert users in data visualization, by following the established procedure of test development in Psychological and Educational Measurement: (1) Test Blueprint Construction, (2) Test Item Generation, (3) Content Validity Evaluation, (4) Test Tryout and Item Analysis, (5) Test Item Selection, and (6) Reliability Evaluation...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855088/does-the-ukcat-predict-performance-on-exit-from-medical-school-a-national-cohort-study
#5
R K MacKenzie, J A Cleland, D Ayansina, S Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: Most UK medical programmes use aptitude tests during student selection, but large-scale studies of predictive validity are rare. This study assesses the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT: http://www.ukcat.ac.uk), and 4 of its subscales, along with individual and contextual socioeconomic background factors, as predictors of performance during, and on exit from, medical school. METHODS: This was an observational study of 6294 medical students from 30 UK medical programmes who took the UKCAT from 2006 to 2008, for whom selection data from the UK Foundation Programme (UKFPO), the next stage of UK medical education training, were available in 2013...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847536/is-there-a-relationship-between-ultrasound-scanning-ability-sonography-and-visuospatial-perception-or-psychomotor-ability
#6
Elizabeth Chapman, Suzanne Hagen, Helen Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Competent sonography is thought to include a unique combination of skills not yet fully defined. This presents challenges when recruiting the correct people for training. Skills are thought to include visuospatial perception and psychomotor skills, but little is known about the relationship between these aptitudes and scanning ability. This feasibility study explored such relationships, to identify evaluation techniques which may improve selection and recruitment. METHODS: A sample of 30 experienced ultrasound practitioners and 30 trainees at commencement and on completion of training were administered eight tests...
November 2016: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817087/the-construct-validity-of-hpat-ireland-for-the-selection-of-medical-students-unresolved-issues-and-future-research-implications
#7
Maureen E Kelly, Siun O'Flynn
Aptitude tests are widely used in selection. However, despite certain advantages their use remains controversial. This paper aims to critically appraise five sources of evidence for the construct validity of the Health Professions Admission Test (HPAT)-Ireland, an aptitude test used for selecting undergraduate medical students. The objectives are to identify gaps in the evidence, draw comparisons with other aptitude tests and outline future research directions. Our appraisal of the literature found that stakeholder feedback indicates that there is reasonable evidence for test content validity for two of the three sections of HPAT-Ireland...
November 5, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810335/establishing-a-dose-response-relationship-between-acute-resistance-exercise-and-the-immune-system-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Adam Michael Szlezak, Siri Lauluten Szlezak, James Keane, Lotti Tajouri, Clare Minahan
Exercise immunology research has traditionally focussed on aerobic-exercise, however it has become apparent in more recent years that resistance-exercise can also considerably affect host immunobiology. To date however, no systematic process has been used to establish a dose-response relationship between resistance-exercise and the immune system. The present systematic review was thus conducted to determine the dose-response effects of a bout of resistance-exercise on acute leukocyte counts. In accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, a systematic literature search was conducted in the electronic databases, PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar, over the date range of 1989-2016...
November 1, 2016: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804103/rhizobacteria-with-nematicide-aptitude-enzymes-and-compounds-associated
#9
REVIEW
C Castaneda-Alvarez, E Aballay
The use of rhizobacteria to control plant parasitic nematodes has been widely studied. Currently, the research focuses on bacteria-nematode interactions that can mitigate this complex microbiome in agriculture. Various enzymes, toxins and metabolic by-products from rhizobacteria antagonize plant parasitic nematodes, and many different modes of action have been proposed. Hydrolytic enzymes, primarily proteases, collagenases and chitinases, have been related to the nematicide effect in rhizobacteria, proving to be an important factor involved in the degradation of different chemical constituents of nematodes at distinct developmental stages...
December 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801844/screening-auxin-response-in-vitro-culture-aptitude-and-susceptibility-to-agrobacterium-mediated-transformation-of-italian-commercial-durum-wheat-varieties
#10
Wilma Sabetta, Cristina Crosatti, Alexandra Soltész, Valentina Di Rienzo, Cinzia Montemurro
The development of a robust Agrobacterium-mediated transformation protocol for a recalcitrant species like durum wheat requires the identification and optimization of factors affecting T-DNA delivery and plant regeneration. The purpose of this research was to compare the behavior of diverse durum wheat genotypes during in vitro culture and Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation, using immature embryos as explants. Apart from plant genotype, two of the main influencing factors for a successful genetic transformation have been examined here, i...
October 28, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792029/qualitative-job-stress-and-ego-aptitude-in%C3%A2-male-scientific-researchers
#11
Yu Sakagami
BACKGROUND: Job environments have been fundamentally changed by globalization and modern technological innovation. Qualitative workload is expected to increase more than quantitative workload through this rapid technological innovation. Especially, in developed countries, qualitative workload is expected to become a primary job-related stress factor in the near future. Therefore, it is essential to clarify the characteristics of qualitative workload and to determine how to cope with it effectively...
October 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779952/psychometric-personality-differences-between-candidates-in-astronaut-selection
#12
Justin M Mittelstädt, Yvonne Pecena, Viktor Oubaid, Peter Maschke
INTRODUCTION: This paper investigates personality traits as potential factors for success in an astronaut selection by comparing personality profiles of unsuccessful and successful astronaut candidates in different phases of the ESA selection procedure. It is further addressed whether personality traits could predict an overall assessment rating at the end of the selection. METHODS: In 2008/2009, ESA performed an astronaut selection with 902 candidates who were either psychologically recommended for mission training (N = 46) or failed in basic aptitude (N = 710) or Assessment Center and interview testing (N = 146)...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777448/implementing-principles-of-traditional-concentrated-grape-must-fermentation-to-the-production-of-new-generation-balsamic-vinegars-starter-selection-and-effectiveness
#13
Sofia Lalou, Angela Capece, Fani Th Mantzouridou, Patrizia Romano, Maria Z Tsimidou
In an effort to implement principles of traditional concentrated grape must fermentation to the production of new generation balsamic vinegars (BVs), the specific goals of the study were the isolation and molecular identification of the predominant yeasts in concentrated grape must (cv. Xinomavro), their technological characterization and the evaluation of the fermentative aptitude of the selected strains. Tolerance against 5-hydroxymethyl-furfural (HMF) and furfural, acetic acid and glucose concentration was examined by appropriate methods and tests...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774550/a-critical-assessment-of-the-mechanisms-governing-the-formation-of-aqueous-biphasic-systems-composed-of-protic-ionic-liquids-and-polyethylene-glycol
#14
Ana Filipa M Cláudio, Jorge F B Pereira, Parker D McCrary, Mara G Freire, João A P Coutinho, Robin D Rogers
An extensive study on the formation of aqueous biphasic systems (ABS) using aqueous solutions of protic ionic liquids (PILs) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) was performed in order to understand the mechanisms underlying the phase separation. Aqueous solutions of PEG polymers with different molecular weights (600, 1000, 2000, and 3400 g mol(-1)) and several N-alkyl-, dialkyl-, and trialkyl-ammonium salts of acetate, propanoate, butanoate, hexanoate and octanoate were prepared and their ability to form ABS at several temperatures assessed...
October 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763555/ccd-based-skinning-injury-recognition-on-potato-tubers-solanum-tuberosum-l-a-comparison-between-visible-and-biospeckle-imaging
#15
Yingwang Gao, Jinfeng Geng, Xiuqin Rao, Yibin Ying
Skinning injury on potato tubers is a kind of superficial wound that is generally inflicted by mechanical forces during harvest and postharvest handling operations. Though skinning injury is pervasive and obstructive, its detection is very limited. This study attempted to identify injured skin using two CCD (Charge Coupled Device) sensor-based machine vision technologies, i.e., visible imaging and biospeckle imaging. The identification of skinning injury was realized via exploiting features extracted from varied ROIs (Region of Interests)...
October 18, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761773/morphological-study-of-socorro-island-merino-sheep-and-its-crosses-with-hair-breeds
#16
Juan Augusto Hernández, Marissa Lepe, Rafael Macedo, Victalina Arredondo, Carlos Eliseo Cortez, Luis Jorge García, Omar Prado
A study was conducted with the objective to characterize the morphology of Socorro Island Merino sheep. A total of 67 sheep, 62 females, 26 purebred and 36 crossbred with hair breeds, and five males were scored for 10 body measurements in addition to live weight, and four racial and seven functional indices were calculated. The influence of sex and crossbreeding on the body measurements and indices was analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, and morphological harmony was determined using Spearman correlation...
October 19, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750571/cognitive-deficits-post-traumatic-brain-injury-and-their-association-with-injury-severity-and-gray-matter-volumes
#17
Abigail Livny, Anat Biegon, Tammar Kushnir, Sagi Harnof, Chen Hoffmann, Eyal Fruchter, Mark Weiser
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is known to have a substantial though highly variable impact on cognitive abilities. Due to the wide range of cognitive abilities among healthy individuals, an objective assessment of TBI-related cognitive loss requires an accurate measurement of pre-morbid cognitive performance. To address this problem, we recruited 50 adults who sustained a TBI and had performed a cognitive baseline assessment in adolescence as part of the aptitude tests mandated by the Israeli Defense Forces...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737775/native-language-n400-and-p600-predict-dissociable-language-learning-abilities-in-adults
#18
Zhenghan Qi, Sara D Beach, Amy S Finn, Jennifer Minas, Calvin Goetz, Brian Chan, John D E Gabrieli
Language learning aptitude during adulthood varies markedly across individuals. An individual's native-language ability has been associated with success in learning a new language as an adult. However, little is known about how native-language processing affects learning success and what neural markers of native-language processing, if any, are related to success in learning. We therefore related variation in electrophysiology during native-language processing to success in learning a novel artificial language...
October 11, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729146/intelligence-development-of-pre-lingual-deaf-children-with-unilateral-cochlear-implantation
#19
Mo Chen, Zhaoyan Wang, Zhiwen Zhang, Xun Li, Weijing Wu, Dinghua Xie, Zi-An Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to test whether deaf children with unilateral cochlear implantation (CI) have higher intelligence quotients (IQ). We also try to find out the predictive factors of intelligence development in deaf children with CI. METHODS: Totally, 186 children were enrolled into this study. They were divided into 3 groups: CI group (N = 66), hearing loss group (N = 54) and normal hearing group (N = 66). All children took the Hiskey-Nebraska Test of Learning Aptitude to assess the IQ...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718453/parental-reflective-functioning-among-mothers-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#20
Elizabeth Claydon, Stephanie Zerwas, Laura Callinan, Megan V Smith
OBJECTIVE: Reflective Functioning is a vital aspect of parental aptitude and its absence, especially in the presence of psychopathology, can impair attachment. This study sought to clarify the relationship of parental RF among mothers with eating disorder symptomatology. METHOD: We assessed 59 mothers for ED symptomatology using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and RF through the Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire (PRFQ). Bivariate and multivariate analyses compared PRFQ subscales between symptomatic and asymptomatic mothers, using a clinical cutoff score of 4 on the EDE-Q subscales...
December 2016: Eating Behaviors
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