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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325449/tcontrol-a-mobile-app-to-follow-up-tobacco-quitting-patients
#1
Marc Pifarré, Adrián Carrera, Jordi Vilaplana, Josep Cuadrado, Sara Solsona, Francesc Abella, Francesc Solsona, Rui Alves
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for a wide range of respiratory and circulatory diseases in active and passive smokers. Well-designed campaigns are raising awareness to the problem and an increasing number of smokers seeks medical assistance to quit their habit. In this context, there is the need to develop mHealth Apps that assist and manage large smoke quitting programs in efficient and economic ways. OBJECTIVES: Our main objective is to develop an efficient and free mHealth app that facilitates the management of, and assistance to, people who want to quit smoking...
April 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296651/the-predictive-validity-of-a-text-based-situational-judgment-test-in-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-school-admissions
#2
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Helena Edwards, Anna Rosselli, Sandra Nicholson, Barry Wright
PROBLEM: Situational judgment tests (SJTs) can be used to assess the nonacademic attributes necessary for medical and dental trainees to become successful practitioners. Evidence for SJTs' predictive validity, however, relates predominantly to selection in postgraduate settings or using video-based SJTs at the undergraduate level; it may not be directly transferable to text-based SJTs in undergraduate medical and dental school selection. This preliminary study aimed to address these gaps by assessing the validity of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) text-based SJT...
March 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291487/physical-screening-predictors-for-success-in-completing-air-force-phase-ii-air-liaison-officer-aptitude-assessment
#3
John Christopher McGee, Eric Wilson, Haley Barela, Sharon Blum
OBJECTIVES: Air Liaison Officer Aptitude Assessment (AAA) attrition is often associated with a lack of candidate physical preparation. The Functional Movement Screen, Tactical Fitness Assessment, and fitness metrics were collected (n = 29 candidates) to determine what physical factors could predict a candidate s success in completing AAA. METHODS: Between-group comparisons were made between candidates completing AAA versus those who did not (p < 0.05). Upper 50% thresholds were established for all variables with R(2) < 0...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290953/chief-of-residents-for-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-a-recipe-for-a-new-role-in-graduate-medical-education
#4
Kelly Ferraro, Randall Zernzach, Stephen Maturo, Christopher Nagy, Rebecca Barrett
INTRODUCTION: The San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium (SAUSHEC) is the largest group of residency programs in the Department of Defense. In an effort to provide improved Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QI/PS) training for its residents, SAUSHEC created the position of Chief of QI/PS for Residents in the academic year 2014-2015. The Chief of QI/PS for Residents was based in the Internal Medicine residency program but also assisted with SAUSHEC-wide QI/PS projects...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284106/have-i-grooved-to-this-before-discriminating-practised-and-observed-actions-in-a-novel-context
#5
Dilini K Sumanapala, Laurel A Fish, Alex L Jones, Emily S Cross
Learning a new motor skill typically requires converting actions observed from a third-person perspective into fluid motor commands executed from a first-person perspective. In the present study, we test the hypothesis that during motor learning, the ability to discriminate between actions that have been observed and actions that have been executed is associated with learning aptitude, as assessed by a general measure of physical performance. Using a multi-day dance-training paradigm with a group of dance-naïve participants, we investigated whether actions that had been regularly observed could be discriminated from similar actions that had been physically practised over the course of three days, or a further set of similar actions that remained untrained...
March 8, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282304/the-digital-drag-and-drop-pillbox-design-and-feasibility-of-a-skill-based-education-model-to-improve-medication-management
#6
Bradi B Granger, Susan C Locke, Margaret Bowers, Tenita Sawyer, Howard Shang, Amy P Abernethy, Richard A Bloomfield, Catherine L Gilliss
OBJECTIVE: We present the design and feasibility testing for the "Digital Drag and Drop Pillbox" (D-3 Pillbox), a skill-based educational approach that engages patients and providers, measures performance, and generates reports of medication management skills. METHODS: A single-cohort convenience sample of patients hospitalized with heart failure was taught pill management skills using a tablet-based D-3 Pillbox. Medication reconciliation was conducted, and aptitude, performance (% completed), accuracy (% correct), and feasibility were measured...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265342/integrating-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-and-sex-hormones-into-neuroprotection-implications-for-diabetes
#7
REVIEW
Jacob Huffman, Christina Hoffmann, George T Taylor
Brain integrity and cognitive aptitude are often impaired in patients with diabetes mellitus, presumably a result of the metabolic complications inherent to the disease. However, an increasing body of evidence has demonstrated the central role of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and its relation to sex hormones in many neuroprotective processes. Both male and female patients with diabetes display abnormal IGF1 and sex-hormone levels but the comparison of these fluctuations is seldom a topic of interest. It is interesting to note that both IGF1 and sex hormones have the ability to regulate phosphoinositide 3-kinase-Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinases-extracellular signal-related kinase signaling cascades in animal and cell culture models of neuroprotection...
February 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256687/-reliability-and-stability-in-the-diagnosis-of-high-intellectual-capacity
#8
S Sastre-Riba, A Castello-Tarrida
INTRODUCTION: From a differential perspective it is essential to identify high intellectual capacity (HIC) as a valuable personal and social resource. A valid, stable and reliable metric approach is needed that prevents both false positives and non-detection, thus facilitating the planning and implementation of educational intervention programmes that enable the individual to express his or her personal well-being and potential. AIM: To explore the reliability and stability of the metric approach to HIC at different times of measurement...
February 24, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253004/consistency-and-inconsistency-among-romantic-partners-over-time
#9
Paul W Eastwick, K Paige Harden, Jennifer A Shukusky, Taylor Anne Morgan, Samantha Joel
Theoretical perspectives on mating differentially emphasize whether (and why) romantic partner selection and maintenance processes derive from stable features of individuals (e.g., mate value, mate preferences, relationship aptitude) and their environments (e.g., social homogamy) rather than adventitious, dyad-specific, or unpredictable factors. The current article advances our understanding of this issue by assessing how people's actual romantic partners vary on constructs commonly assessed in evolutionary psychology (Study 1), sociology (Study 2), and close relationships (Study 3)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252616/-the-specific-morphological-features-and-the-mechanisms-of-formation-of-the-injuries-associated-with-falling-down-from-the-high-rise-building
#10
K Yu Kulinkovich, K I Kutsenko
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the mechanism and the sequence of formation of the extensive injuries associated with falling down from the high-rise building onto the asphalt. A rare (for the Russian forensic medical practice) observation of falling down from the very high altitude (in excess of 350 m) is described with all the classical features of the damages characteristic of such cases. Peculiarities of the mechanism of formation of the injuries and the severity of secondary damages in the case being considered were attributable to the huge kinetic energy transferred to the body during falling down from the high aptitude...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240980/potential-benefits-of-an-integrated-electric-acoustic-sound-processor-with-children-a-preliminary-report
#11
Jace Wolfe, Sara Neumann, Erin Schafer, Megan Marsh, Mark Wood, R Stanley Baker
BACKGROUND: A number of published studies have demonstrated the benefits of electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) over conventional electric stimulation for adults with functional low-frequency acoustic hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss. These benefits potentially include better speech recognition in quiet and in noise, better localization, improvements in sound quality, better music appreciation and aptitude, and better pitch recognition. There is, however, a paucity of published reports describing the potential benefits and limitations of EAS for children with functional low-frequency acoustic hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238058/training-or-non-surgical-factors-what-determines-a-good-surgical-performance-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Cornelia Lindlohr, R Lefering, S Saad, M M Heiss, C Pape-Köhler
BACKGROUND: Acquiring laparoscopic skills is a necessity for every young surgeon. Whether it is a talent or a non-surgical skill that determines the surgical performance of an endoscopic operation has been discussed for years. In other disciplines aptitude testing has become the norm. Airlines, for example, have implemented assessments to test the natural aptitude of future pilots to predict their performance later on. In the medical field, especially surgery, there are no similar comparable tests implemented or even available...
February 25, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231408/climbing-bloom-s-taxonomy-pyramid-lessons-from-a-graduate-histology-course
#13
Nikki B Zaidi, Charles Hwang, Sara Scott, Stefanie Stallard, Joel Purkiss, Michael Hortsch
Bloom's taxonomy was adopted to create a subject-specific scoring tool for histology multiple-choice questions (MCQs). This Bloom's Taxonomy Histology Tool (BTHT) was used to analyze teacher- and student-generated quiz and examination questions from a graduate level histology course. Multiple-choice questions using histological images were generally assigned a higher BTHT level than simple text questions. The type of microscopy technique (light or electron microscopy) used for these image-based questions did not result in any significant differences in their Bloom's taxonomy scores...
February 23, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228439/loss-of-pollen-specific-phospholipase-not-like-dad-triggers-gynogenesis-in-maize
#14
Laurine M Gilles, Abdelsabour Khaled, Jean-Baptiste Laffaire, Sandrine Chaignon, Ghislaine Gendrot, Jérôme Laplaige, Hélène Bergès, Genséric Beydon, Vincent Bayle, Pierre Barret, Jordi Comadran, Jean-Pierre Martinant, Peter M Rogowsky, Thomas Widiez
Gynogenesis is an asexual mode of reproduction common to animals and plants, in which stimuli from the sperm cell trigger the development of the unfertilized egg cell into a haploid embryo. Fine mapping restricted a major maize QTL (quantitative trait locus) responsible for the aptitude of inducer lines to trigger gynogenesis to a zone containing a single gene NOT LIKE DAD (NLD) coding for a patatin-like phospholipase A. In all surveyed inducer lines, NLD carries a 4-bp insertion leading to a predicted truncated protein...
March 15, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228249/a-computerised-test-of-perceptual-ability-for-learning-endoscopic-and-laparoscopic-surgery-and-other-image-guided-procedures-score-norms-for-picsor
#15
Patrick Henn, Anthony G Gallagher, Emmeline Nugent, Roddy Cowie, Neal E Seymour, Randy S Haluck, Hazem Hseino, Oscar Traynor, Paul C Neary
BACKGROUND: The aptitude to infer the shape of 3-D structures, such as internal organs from 2-D monitor displays, in image guided endoscopic and laparoscopic procedures varies. We sought both to validate a computer-generated task Pictorial Surface Orientation (PicSOr), which assesses this aptitude, and to identify norm referenced scores. METHODS: 400 subjects (339 surgeons and 61 controls) completed the PicSOr test. 50 subjects completed it again one year afterwards...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214938/baseline-trace-metals-in-patella-caerulea-in-a-central-tyrrhenian-ecosystem-pontine-islands-archipelago-and-lazio-region-coastal-sites-italy
#16
Marcelo Enrique Conti, Giustino Mele, Maria Grazia Finoia
In this study, we tested the aptitude of the gastropod mollusk Patella caerulea as biomonitor of elemental pollution in seawater of a central Tyrrhenian ecosystem (Pontine Islands archipelago and Lazio region coastal sites, Italy). Concentrations of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn were measured in 120 individuals collected in six strategic locations in two sampling campaigns during 2011 and 2012. Samples of surrounding seawater were also collected in the same sites and tested for the same metals in order to obtain the respective concentration factors (CFs)...
February 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197995/explaining-academic-track-boys-underachievement-in-language-grades-not-a-lack-of-aptitude-but-students-motivational-beliefs-and-parents-perceptions
#17
Anke Heyder, Ursula Kessels, Ricarda Steinmayr
BACKGROUND: Boys earn lower grades in languages than girls. The expectancy-value model by Eccles et al. (, A series of books in psychology. Achievement and achievement motives. Psychological and sociological approaches, W.H. Freeman, San Francisco, CA, 76) is a comprehensive theoretical model for explaining gender differences in educational outcomes. In the past, most studies have focused on girls' disadvantage in math and science and on the role of the students' motivational beliefs...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185806/the-effect-of-acute-and-chronic-exercise-on-cognitive-function-and-academic-performance-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Joanna W Li, Helen O'Connor, Nicholas O'Dwyer, Rhonda Orr
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether exercise, proposed to enhance neuroplasticity and potentially cognitive function (CF) and academic performance (AP), may be beneficial during adolescence when important developmental changes occur. DESIGN: Systematic review evaluating the impact of acute or chronic exercise on CF and AP in adolescents (13-18 years). METHODS: Nine databases (AMED, AusportMed, CINAHL, COCHRANE, Embase, Medline, Scopus, SPORTdiscus, Web of Science) were searched from earliest records to 31st October 2016, using keywords related to exercise, CF, AP and adolescents...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185642/quantifying-the-sensitivity-of-human-immune-cells-to-chemoattractant
#19
Emmet A Francis, Volkmar Heinrich
The efficient recruitment of immune cells is a vital cornerstone of our defense against infections and a key challenge of immunotherapeutic applications. It relies on the ability of chemotaxing cells to prioritize their responses to different stimuli. For example, immune cells are known to abandon gradients of host-cell-produced cytokines in favor of complement-derived anaphylatoxins, which then guide the cells toward nearby pathogen surfaces. The aptitude to triage stimuli depends on the cells' specific sensitivities to different chemoattractants...
March 14, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175564/372%C3%A2-profound-lack-of-nonclinical-health-care-aptitude-across-a-range-of-health-care-providers-and-students
#20
Gary R Simonds
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
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