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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719901/patient-related-benefits-for-adults-with-cochlear-implantation-a-multicultural-longitudinal-observational-study
#1
Thomas Lenarz, Lida Muller, Hanna Czerniejewska-Wolska, Hector Vallés Varela, César Orús Dotú, Marcin Durko, Alicia Huarte Irujo, Bartosz Piszczatowski, Marek Zadrożniak, Colin Irwin, Petra L Graham, Josie Wyss
OBJECTIVES: To assess subjectively perceived, real-world benefits longitudinally for unilateral cochlear implant (CI) recipients in a multinational population treated routinely. To identify possible predictors of self-reported benefits. DESIGN: This was a prospective, multicenter, repeated-measures study. Self-assessment of performance at preimplantation and postimplantation at 1, 2, and 3 years using standardized, validated, local language versions of the Speech, Spatial, and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ), and the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) was performed...
July 19, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719651/link-prediction-on-twitter
#2
Sanda Martinčić-Ipšić, Edvin Močibob, Matjaž Perc
With over 300 million active users, Twitter is among the largest online news and social networking services in existence today. Open access to information on Twitter makes it a valuable source of data for research on social interactions, sentiment analysis, content diffusion, link prediction, and the dynamics behind human collective behaviour in general. Here we use Twitter data to construct co-occurrence language networks based on hashtags and based on all the words in tweets, and we use these networks to study link prediction by means of different methods and evaluation metrics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719572/neuroimaging-correlates-of-post-stroke-aphasia-rehabilitation-in-a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-constraint-induced-aphasia-therapy
#3
Rodolphe Nenert, Jane B Allendorfer, Amber M Martin, Christi Banks, Angel Ball, Jennifer Vannest, Aimee R Dietz, Jerzy P Szaflarski
BACKGROUND Recovery from post-stroke aphasia is a long and complex process with an uncertain outcome. Various interventions have been proposed to augment the recovery, including constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT). CIAT has been applied to patients suffering from post-stroke aphasia in several unblinded studies to show mild-to-moderate linguistic gains. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neuroimaging correlates of CIAT in patients with chronic aphasia related to left middle cerebral artery stroke...
July 18, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719403/passive-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-hearing-implants-a-systematic-review
#4
Timothy Cooper, Brendan McDonald, Allan Ho
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on currently available passive transcutaneous bone conduction hearing implants (pTCBI) with regard to complications, audiological outcomes, and quality-of-life scores. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: All identified English-language articles reporting on the implantation of currently available pTCBI's and their complications. Both pediatric and adult patients were included...
July 17, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719394/cochlear-implantation-in-children-under-12-months-of-age
#5
Samantha McKinney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children with congenital hearing loss are being identified earlier, leading to earlier intervention. Current US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) criteria states a child must be 12 months or older for cochlear implantation. The purpose of this article is to review recent publications regarding the benefits of implanting infants under 12 months of age. Topics include: safety and efficacy of surgery, speech and language acquisition outcomes, audiologic components, and limitations...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719365/proposed-model-for-the-cultural-adaptation-of-an-internet-based-depression-prevention-intervention-catch-it-for-arab-adolescents
#6
Zach Abuwalla, Zaynab Kadhem, Tracy Gladstone, Ereny Mikhael, Amir Bishay, Benjamin W Van Voorhees
Background Evidence-based Internet depression prevention intervention programs are not readily available for Arab youth, but may be effective in this group. Cultural adaptation of evidence-based Western psychotherapy is an important step toward better prevention and treatment of depressive illness in the Arab community. Project CATCH-IT is an Internet-based depression prevention intervention tool that is tailored for adolescents and young adults. Methods The PEN-3 theoretical framework was used for the cultural adaptation of Project CATCH-IT for Arab adolescents...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719298/cognitive-outcomes-and-psychiatric-symptoms-of-retinopathy-positive-cerebral-malaria-cohort-description-and-baseline-results
#7
Rachel Brim, Sebastian Mboma, Margaret Semrud-Clikeman, Sam Kampondeni, Jed Magen, Terrie Taylor, John Langfitt
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a common cause of death and disability among children in sub-Saharan Africa. Many prior studies of neuropsychiatric morbidity have been limited by a cross-sectional design or a short duration of follow-up. Most have included subjects who may have presented with coma due to a disease process other than CM. No studies have assessed the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and long-term outcomes. The Cognitive Outcomes and Psychiatric symptoms of retinopathy-positive CM (COPS) cohort is the first large (N = 221) prospectively recruited cohort of stringently defined cases of CM and hospital-based, age-matched, non-CM controls in whom cognitive and psychiatric outcomes are assessed with standardized measures semi-annually for up to 5 years...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718970/activation-of-semantic-information-at-the-sublexical-level-during-handwriting-production-evidence-from-inhibition-effects-of-chinese-semantic-radicals-in-the-picture-word-interference-paradigm
#8
Xuqian Chen, Yuanlan Liao, Xianzhe Chen
Using a non-alphabetic language (e.g., Chinese), the present study tested a novel view that semantic information at the sublexical level should be activated during handwriting production. Over 80% of Chinese characters are phonograms, in which semantic radicals represent category information (e.g., 'chair,' 'peach,' 'orange' are related to plants) while phonetic radicals represent phonetic information (e.g., 'wolf,' 'brightness,' 'male,' are all pronounced /lang/). Under different semantic category conditions at the lexical level (semantically related in Experiment 1; semantically unrelated in Experiment 2), the orthographic relatedness and semantic relatedness of semantic radicals in the picture name and its distractor were manipulated under different SOAs (i...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718878/deep-brain-and-cortical-stimulation-for-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
Mathieu Sprengers, Kristl Vonck, Evelien Carrette, Anthony G Marson, Paul Boon
BACKGROUND: Despite optimal medical treatment, including epilepsy surgery, many epilepsy patients have uncontrolled seizures. Since the 1970s interest has grown in invasive intracranial neurostimulation as a treatment for these patients. Intracranial stimulation includes both deep brain stimulation (DBS) (stimulation through depth electrodes) and cortical stimulation (subdural electrodes). This is an updated version of a previous Cochrane review published in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of DBS and cortical stimulation for refractory epilepsy based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718840/bilinguals-working-memory-wm-advantage-and-their-dual-language-practices
#10
Eunju Yang
The present study investigates a possible working memory (WM) difference between monolingual and bilingual groups and explores the relationship between their WM advantage and language practices. A mixed methods design was employed for the study. To measure participants' WM, auditory and visual digit span tasks were conducted on the different language groups: 20 Korean near-monolinguals, and 40 Korean-English bilinguals with two different levels of second language (L2) proficiency. Bilinguals' daily language practices were explored through semi-structured interviews with eight bilinguals...
July 18, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718506/felbamate-as-an-add-on-therapy-for-refractory-partial-epilepsy
#11
REVIEW
Li Li Shi, JianCheng Dong, HengJian Ni, JinSong Geng, Taixiang Wu
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Issue 7, 2014) on 'Felbamate as an add-on therapy for refractory epilepsy'. Epilepsy is a chronic and disabling neurologic disorder, affecting approximately 1% of the population. Up to 30% of people with epilepsy have seizures that are resistant to currently available drugs. Felbamate is one of the second-generation antiepileptic drugs and we have assessed its effects as an add-on therapy to standard drugs in this review...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718365/tmem88-ccl14-and-clec3b-as-prognostic-biomarkers-for-prognosis-and-palindromia-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Xin Zhang, Jin-Xiang Wan, Zun-Ping Ke, Feng Wang, Hai-Xia Chai, Jia-Qiang Liu
Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most mortal and prevalent cancers with increasing incidence worldwide. Elucidating genetic driver genes for prognosis and palindromia of hepatocellular carcinoma helps managing clinical decisions for patients. In this study, the high-throughput RNA sequencing data on platform IlluminaHiSeq of hepatocellular carcinoma were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas with 330 primary hepatocellular carcinoma patient samples. Stable key genes with differential expressions were identified with which Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed using Cox proportional hazards test in R language...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#13
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718298/a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-of-comorbid-cancer-and-dementia-and-its-implications-for-cancer-related-care
#14
L McWilliams, C Farrell, G Grande, J Keady, C Swarbrick, J Yorke
OBJECTIVES: A comorbid diagnosis of cancer and dementia (cancer-dementia) may have unique implications for patient cancer-related experience. The objectives were to estimate prevalence of cancer-dementia and related experiences of people with dementia, their carers and cancer clinicians including cancer screening, diagnosis, treatment and palliative care. METHOD: Databases were searched (CINAHL, Psychinfo, Medline, Embase, BNI) using key terms such as dementia, cancer and experience...
July 18, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718201/granulomatous-reaction-to-hyaluronic-acid-filler-material-in-oral-and-perioral-region-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
REVIEW
Carlos Eduardo P Alcântara, Mariana S Noronha, Joanna F Cunha, Isadora L Flores, Ricardo A Mesquita
The use of cosmetic fillers agents in orofacial region has become more often used for esthetic concern. Although adverse effects are rare, some patients may develop foreign body reaction to such fillers. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a biomaterial in the spotlight, because it is normally present in several tissues of human body. The aim of this study was to report a case of a 54-year-old white woman with granulomatous reaction to the HA located in the lips. In addition, a review of the English-language literature of all previously described cases of this condition in oral and perioral region was performed...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718166/can-long-term-luts-bph-pharmacological-treatment-alter-the-outcomes-of-surgical-intervention
#16
REVIEW
Fabrizio Presicce, Cosimo De Nunzio, Andrea Tubaro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We have reviewed the available evidence on the impact of long-term pharmacological treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms on the outcomes of benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic literature search from January 1990 to May 2017 was performed. Only references in the English language and peer-reviewed manuscripts were considered. RECENT FINDINGS: Over time, the ever-increasing use of long-term pharmaceutical treatments has considerably reduced the rate of BPH surgery in most countries...
September 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718087/speaking-two-languages-in-america-a-semantic-space-analysis-of-how-presidential-candidates-and-their-supporters-represent-abstract-political-concepts-differently
#17
Ping Li, Benjamin Schloss, D Jake Follmer
In this article we report a computational semantic analysis of the presidential candidates' speeches in the two major political parties in the USA. In Study One, we modeled the political semantic spaces as a function of party, candidate, and time of election, and findings revealed patterns of differences in the semantic representation of key political concepts and the changing landscapes in which the presidential candidates align or misalign with their parties in terms of the representation and organization of politically central concepts...
July 17, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717922/healthy-living-behaviors-among-chinese-american-preschool-aged-children-results-of-a-parent-survey
#18
Virginia Rall Chomitz, Alison Brown, Victoria Lee, Aviva Must, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui
Associations between diet, physical activity, parenting, and acculturation among Chinese-American children are understudied. Parents/caregivers of children attending child-care programs in Boston Chinatown completed a self-administered survey on demographics, child's diet, physical activities, anthropometrics, and parenting practices. Associations were evaluated in multivariable regression analysis, stratified by survey language preference, a proxy for acculturation. Responding Asian families = 132; 86...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717774/role-of-oral-proficiency-on-reading-comprehension-within-language-and-cross-language-relationships
#19
Yuuko Uchikoshi, Lu Yang, Brandi Lohr, Genevieve Leung
This longitudinal study examined the role of oral proficiency, as measured with elicited narratives using a wordless picture book, Frog Where are You? (Meyer, 1969/1994), on English reading comprehension with a total of 102 English Language Learners (ELLs), including both Spanish and Cantonese speakers. Narrative samples were collected in the winter of first grade and reading skills were assessed on the same children one year later in second grade. Children were enrolled in either bilingual programs or mainstream programs...
November 2016: Lit Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717705/adoption-of-information-and-communication-technologies-for-early-detection-of-breast-and-cervical-cancers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
REVIEW
Jessica M DiCarlo, Sricharan Gopakumar, Preet K Dhillon, Suneeta Krishnan
PURPOSE: In response to the growing burden of breast and cervical cancers, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are beginning to implement national cancer prevention programs. We reviewed the literature on information and communication technology (ICT) applications in the prevention of breast and cervical cancers in LMICs to examine their potential to enhance cancer prevention efforts. METHODS: Ten databases of peer-reviewed and gray literature were searched using an automated strategy for English-language articles on the use of mobile health (mHealth) and telemedicine in breast and cervical cancer prevention (screening and early detection) published between 2005 and 2015...
August 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
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