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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817593/a-systematic-review-of-context-bias-in-invasion-biology
#1
Robert J Warren, Joshua R King, Charlene Tarsa, Brian Haas, Jeremy Henderson
The language that scientists use to frame biological invasions may reveal inherent bias-including how data are interpreted. A frequent critique of invasion biology is the use of value-laden language that may indicate context bias. Here we use a systematic study of language and interpretation in papers drawn from invasion biology to evaluate whether there is a link between the framing of papers and the interpretation of results. We also examine any trends in context bias in biological invasion research. We examined 651 peer-reviewed invasive species competition studies and implemented a rigorous systematic review to examine bias in the presentation and interpretation of native and invasive competition in invasion biology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817473/scaffolding-interprofessional-education-unfolding-case-studies-virtual-world-simulations-and-patient-centered-care
#2
Sharon Strang Zook, Linda J Hulton, Carol C Dudding, Anne L Stewart, Amy C Graham
Fragmentation of health care negatively impacts quality; one of the contributing factors may be ineffective collaboration among health care professionals. This article describes the implementation of an interprofessional education curriculum for graduate students enrolled in nursing, psychology, and speech-language pathology programs. Over 3 semesters, students engaged in interprofessional collaboration modules, unfolding case studies, virtual simulation, and shared case planning experiences. The curriculum's impact on students' attitudes and values toward interprofessional collaborative practice was measured...
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816925/treatment-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-associated-with-antipsychotic-medication-literature-review
#3
Antonia Vuk, Maja Baretic, Martina Matovinovic Osvatic, Igor Filipcic, Nikolina Jovanovic, Martina Rojnic Kuzman
BACKGROUND: The second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are associated with metabolic disturbances. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rare, but potentially fatal sign of acute glucose metabolism dysregulation, which may be associated with the use of SGAs. This study aims to review published reports of patients with schizophrenia and antipsychotic drug-associated DKA, focusing on the effective management of both conditions. METHODS: Using a predefined search strategy, we searched PubMed and EMBASE from their inception to July 2016...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816916/developmental-screening-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-disease-related-risk-and-screening-outcomes-in-4-year-olds
#4
Jeffrey Schatz, Alyssa Schlenz, Laura Reinman, Kelsey Smith, Carla W Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Studies of early child development in sickle cell disease (SCD) have found modest associations between disease-related risks and developmental status in infants and toddlers, but such associations are evident by early elementary school. We screened 4-year-old children with SCD using 2 screening strategies to assess if biomedical risk factors for neurologic disease are related to developmental screening outcomes at this intermediate age. METHODS: Seventy-seven 4-year-old children with SCD (M = 4...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816915/physician-awareness-of-developmental-screening-and-referral-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#5
Hollie Hix-Small, Khaled Alkherainej
OBJECTIVE: In the State of Kuwait, family physicians and pediatricians are responsible for identifying and referring children at risk of disability. The aims of this study were to better understand physician (1) use of developmental screening instruments, (2) referral practices for children at risk of developmental disability, (3) interpretation of screening results, and (4) anticipatory guidance topics prioritized over child screening. METHODS: A nonprobability volunteer, self-selection sample of family physicians, general practitioners, and pediatricians (n = 398) completed a 60-item paper questionnaire...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816878/do-formal-laminectomy-and-timing-of-decompression-for-patients-with-sacral-fracture-and-neurologic-deficit-affect-outcome
#6
Christopher K Kepler, Gregory D Schroeder, Douglas A Hollern, Jens R Chapman, Michael G Fehlings, Marcel Dvorak, Carlo Bellabarba, Alexander R Vaccaro
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether formal sacral decompression provides improvement in outcome for patients with neurologic deficit after sacral fracture compared with patients treated with indirect decompression and whether the timing of surgical decompression influences neurologic outcome? DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE was searched via PubMed using combinations of the following search terms: "Sacral fracture," "Traumatic Sacral fracture," "Sacral fracture decompression," "Sacral fracture time to decompression," "Sacral Decompression...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816517/targeted-areas-for-improving-health-literacy-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Megan Moore, Taniga Kiatchai, Rajiv C Ayyagari, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: To develop a framework to identify targeted areas for improving health literacy for caregivers after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Qualitative study using inductive and deductive qualitative content analysis was conducted in a large, urban, level I trauma centre. Interviews were conducted with 23 caregivers of persons with TBI. Participants' perspectives on communication and preparation for discharge were explored and understanding of commonly used words and discharge instructions were assessed...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816481/individuals-eye-movements-in-reading-are-highly-consistent-across-time-and-trial
#8
Benjamin T Carter, Steven G Luke
Eye movements are used to study a variety of cognitive phenomena, including attention, perception, memory, language, reading, decision making, and many others, as well as cognitive impairments and individual differences in cognition. These studies assume, with little evidence, that eye movements are stable across time and trials. Eye movement stability must be better characterized to understand the full theoretical and clinical implications of individual differences in eye movement behavior. The present study examined eye movement reliability in normal individuals during reading...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816480/superior-olfactory-language-and-cognition-in-odor-color-synaesthesia
#9
Laura J Speed, Asifa Majid
Olfaction is often considered a vestigial sense in humans, demoted throughout evolution to make way for the dominant sense of vision. This perspective on olfaction is reflected in how we think and talk about smells in the West, with odor imagery and odor language reported to be difficult. In the present study we demonstrate odor cognition is superior in odor-color synaesthesia, where there are additional sensory connections to odor concepts. Synaesthesia is a neurological phenomenon in which input in 1 modality leads to involuntary perceptual associations...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816464/influence-of-father-infant-relationship-on-infant-development-a-father-involvement-intervention-in-vietnam
#10
Lynn A Rempel, John K Rempel, Toan Nang Khuc, Le Thi Vui
We examined the extent to which fathers can be taught and encouraged to develop positive relationships with their children, especially in infancy, and the effects of this fathering intervention on infant development. A multifaceted relationally focused intervention was used to assist fathers in Vietnam to engage in responsive direct and indirect involvement with their infants and work together with the mother as part of a parenting team. Fathers and mothers from 13 communes in a rural and semiurban district were recruited to the intervention group...
August 17, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816395/cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-caring-behaviors-assessment-tool-in-chile
#11
Ricardo A Ayala, María Julia Calvo
This study reports the process of cultural adaptation of the Caring Behaviors Assessment tool for the Spanish language, and determine its validity and reliability. We used a mixed-methods approach with a sample of adult participants after translation and adjustment, correlations and multiple regressions were used to explain differences in perception. Internal consistency and reliability were determined by using Cronbach's alpha. While slight modifications to syntax, language, and the interval scale were necessary to enable better comprehension, all items had high average scores as did the seven subscales...
August 17, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816346/homocysteine-lowering-interventions-for-preventing-cardiovascular-events
#12
REVIEW
Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Ivan Solà, Dimitrios Lathyris, Mark Dayer
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease, which includes coronary artery disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease, is a leading cause of death worldwide. Homocysteine is an amino acid with biological functions in methionine metabolism. A postulated risk factor for cardiovascular disease is an elevated circulating total homocysteine level. The impact of homocysteine-lowering interventions, given to patients in the form of vitamins B6, B9 or B12 supplements, on cardiovascular events has been investigated...
August 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816338/prediction-of-emergency-department-hospital-admission-based-on-natural-language-processing-and-neural-networks
#13
Xingyu Zhang, Joyce Kim, Rachel E Patzer, Stephen R Pitts, Aaron Patzer, Justin D Schrager
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare logistic regression and neural network modeling strategies to predict hospital admission or transfer following initial presentation to Emergency Department (ED) triage with and without the addition of natural language processing elements. METHODS: Using data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), a cross-sectional probability sample of United States EDs from 2012 and 2013 survey years, we developed several predictive models with the outcome being admission to the hospital or transfer vs...
August 16, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816337/a-bag-of-concepts-approach-for-biomedical-document-classification-using-wikipedia-knowledge-spanish-english-cross-language-case-study
#14
Marcos A Mouriño-García, Roberto Pérez-Rodríguez, Luis E Anido-Rifón
OBJECTIVES: The ability to efficiently review the existing literature is essential for the rapid progress of research. This paper describes a classifier of text documents, represented as vectors in spaces of Wikipedia concepts, and analyses its suitability for classification of Spanish biomedical documents when only English documents are available for training. We propose the cross-language concept matching (CLCM) technique, which relies on Wikipedia interlanguage links to convert concept vectors from the Spanish to the English space...
August 16, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816290/-treatment-outcome-evaluation-of-different-mandibular-advancements-using-oral-appliance-to-treat-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hyponea-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#15
Y Y Ma, J J Zhang, X M Gao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the polysomnology results along with mandibular titrated advancement using oral appliance to treat obstructive sleep apnea and hyponea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: Several electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang) were systematically searched up to September 2015. There was no restriction of language or source of information. All randomized clinical trials (RCT) and before-after trials (BAT) comparing at least two different mandibular advancements were included...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816263/opioid-emergency-climate-language-and-a-frozen-fruit-cake
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816094/theories-of-health-care-decision-making-at-the-end-of-life-a-meta-ethnography
#17
Kyounghae Kim, Katherine Heinze, Jiayun Xu, Melissa Kurtz, Hyunjeong Park, Megan Foradori, Marie T Nolan
The aim of this meta-ethnography is to appraise the types and uses of theories relative to end-of-life decision making and to develop a conceptual framework to describe end-of-life decision making among patients with advanced cancers, heart failure, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and their caregivers or providers. We used PubMed, Embase, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases to extract English-language articles published between January 2002 and April 2015...
August 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816080/an-australian-survey-of-parent-involvement-in-intervention-for-childhood-speech-sound-disorders
#18
Eleanor Sugden, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, A Lynn Williams, Carol M Trivette
PURPOSE: To investigate how speech-language pathologists (SLPs) report involving parents in intervention for phonology-based speech sound disorders (SSDs), and to describe the home practice that they recommend. Further aims were to describe the training SLPs report providing to parents, to explore SLPs' beliefs and motivations for involving parents in intervention, and to determine whether SLPs' characteristics are associated with their self-reported practice. METHOD: An online survey of 288 SLPs working with SSD in Australia was conducted...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816031/do-you-see-what-i-see-a-mother-s-plea
#19
Kees Nydam, Rebecca Soole
There is sometimes dissonance between the medical services that the general public expects an ED to provide and the acute critical care that emergency clinicians hope to provide. One explanation for this is that the ED is both a territory and a meeting place for a cornucopia of clinicians, some of whom are not ED clinicians themselves. Roles are sometimes ambiguous and location-specific. Recently, one Queensland mother believed that her son's suicide could have been prevented had emergency staff been better educated...
August 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815823/ten-years-of-simulation-based-training-in-pediatric-anesthesia-the-inception-evolution-and-dissemination-of-the-managing-emergencies-in-paediatric-anaesthesia-mepa-course
#20
Tobias C Everett, Ralph MacKinnon, David de Beer, Matthew Taylor, Matthew Dylan Bould
2016 marked the 10-year anniversary of the inception of the Managing Emergencies in Paediatric Anaesthesia (MEPA) course. This simulation-based program was originally created to allow trainees in pediatric anesthesia to experience operating room emergencies which although infrequent, would be considered key competencies for any practicing anesthetist with responsibility for providing care to children. Since its original manifestation, the course has evolved in content, scope, and worldwide availability, such that it is now available at over 60 locations on five continents...
August 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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