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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786509/-targeted-screening-for-pre-eclampsia-in-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-at-toulouse-university-hospital
#1
A Genoux, P Guerby, M Morin, B Perret, C Vayssière, S M Hamdi
GOALS: Preeclampsia (PE) is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Early treatment by aspirin has been shown to significantly reduce PE risk before 37weeks supporting the implementation of first-trimester screening. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A targeted screening was recently implemented at Toulouse University Hospital for women in their first pregnancy or those with personal or familial history of PE. It uses Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm that combines maternal characteristics, clinical, biophysical and biochemical (PAPP-A, Pregnancy Associated Plasma Protein-A, and PlGF, Placental Growth Factor) data...
May 18, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773699/comparison-of-the-effect-of-immediate-versus-delayed-transfer-following-a-stimulated-ivf-cycle-on-the-ongoing-pregnancy-rate-of-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfer-cycles-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
He Li, Lu Li, Xiang Lu, Xiaoxi Sun, Ernest Hung Yu Ng
INTRODUCTION: Frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) has become an increasingly important part of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. Currently, there is still no good scientific evidence to support when to perform FET following a stimulated IVF cycle. Since all published studies are retrospective and the findings are contradictory, a randomised controlled study is needed to provide Level 1 evidence to guide the clinical practice. METHODS/ANALYSIS: This is a randomised controlled trial...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771998/risk-factors-for-inappropriate-blood-requisition-among-hospitals-in-tanzania
#3
Wilhellmuss I Mauka, Tara B Mtuy, Michael J Mahande, Sia E Msuya, Innocent B Mboya, Abdul Juma, Rune N Philemon
BACKGROUND: Blood is a critical aspect of treatment in life saving situations, increasing demand. Blood requisition practices greatly effect sufficient supply in blood banks. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for inappropriate blood requisition in Tanzania. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study using secondary data of 14,460 patients' blood requests from 42 transfusion hospitals. Primary data were obtained by using cluster-sampling design. Data were analysed using a two-level mixed-effects Poisson regression to determine fixed-effects of individual-level factors and hospital level factors associated with inappropriate blood requests...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764877/efficacy-of-practising-tai-chi-for-older-people-with-mild-dementia-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-study
#4
Jihui Lyu, Wenjie Li, Xiangjiang Rong, Lian Wei, Nayan Huang, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Xueli Chen, Mo Li, Fangling Li
INTRODUCTION: Many studies suggest that Tai Chi exercise is a safe and appropriate mind-body exercise for older people and effectively slows down age-related cognitive decline. A set of bespoke Tai Chi exercise named 'Cognition Protecting Tai Chi' (CPT) has been created for older people with cognitive impairments by the research team of geriatricians, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, experts of sports medicine and experienced practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. This trial is designed to evaluate its effects on cognitive function, behaviour/moods, risk of falls and activities of daily living of the participants with mild dementia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764875/efficacy-and-safety-of-ghx02-in-the-treatment-of-acute-bronchitis-protocol-of-a-phase-ii-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
Yee Ran Lyu, Won-Kyung Yang, So Jung Park, Seung-Hyeong Kim, Wee-Chang Kang, In Chul Jung, Yang Chun Park
INTRODUCTION: Acute bronchitis is a self-limiting infection of the large airways; cough is the primary symptom, usually lasting for about 3 weeks. Annually, approximately 5% of adults develop acute bronchitis, and its economic burden is substantial. There are also problems of antibiotic abuse in public health systems and symptomatic therapies are commonly prescribed, for which there is insufficient supporting evidence. GHX02 contains four herbs originating from gwaruhaengryeon-hwan, which has been used in the treatment of patients with acute bronchitis in Korea...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762795/addressing-racism-in-medical-education-an-interactive-training-module
#6
Tanya White-Davis, Jennifer Edgoose, Joedrecka S Brown Speights, Kathryn Fraser, Jeffrey M Ring, Jessica Guh, George W Saba
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Education of health care clinicians on racial and ethnic disparities has primarily focused on emphasizing statistics and cultural competency, with minimal attention to racism. Learning about racism and unconscious processes provides skills that reduce bias when interacting with minority patients. This paper describes the responses to a relationship-based workshop and toolkit highlighting issues that medical educators should address when teaching about racism in the context of pernicious health disparities...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759257/developing-a-medical-scribe-program-at-an-academic-hospital-the-hennepin-county-medical-center-experience
#7
Marc L Martel, Brian H Imdieke, Kayla M Holm, Sara Poplau, William G Heegaard, Jon L Pryor, Mark Linzer
BACKGROUND: Medical scribes are frequently incorporated into the patient care model to improve provider efficiency and enable providers to refocus their attention to the patient rather than the electronic health record (EHR). The medical scribe program was based on four pillars (objectives): (1) provider satisfaction, (2) standardized documentation, (3) documentation components for risk adjustment, and (4) revenue enhancement. METHODS: The medical scribe program was deployed in nine non-resident-supported clinics (internal medicine, ophthalmology, orthopedics, hematology/oncology, urology), with the medical scribes (who have no clinical duties) supporting both physicians and advanced practice providers (nurse practitioners and physician assistants)...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757497/effectiveness-of-a-transition-plan-at-discharge-of-patients-hospitalized-with-heart-failure-a-before-and-after-study
#8
Antoine Garnier, Nathalie Rouiller, David Gachoud, Carole Nachar, Pierre Voirol, Anne-Claude Griesser, Marc Uhlmann, Gérard Waeber, Olivier Lamy
AIMS: We evaluated the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary transition plan to reduce early readmission among heart failure patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a before-and-after study in a tertiary internal medicine department, comparing 3 years of retrospective data (pre-intervention) and 13 months of prospective data (intervention period). Intervention was the introduction in 2013 of a transition plan performed by a multidisciplinary team. We included all consecutive patients hospitalized with symptomatic heart failure and discharged to home...
May 14, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756498/construct-validity-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-dutch-activity-measure-for-post-acute-care-6-clicks-basic-mobility-form-to-assess-the-mobility-of-hospitalized-patients
#9
Sven Jacobus Gertruda Geelen, Karin Valkenet, Cindy Veenhof
To evaluate the construct validity and the inter-rater reliability of the Dutch Activity Measure for Post-Acute Care "6-clicks" Basic Mobility short form measuring the patient's mobility in Dutch hospital care. First, the "6-clicks" was translated by using a forward-backward translation protocol. Next, 64 patients were assessed by the physiotherapist to determine the validity while being admitted to the Internal Medicine wards of a university medical center. Six hypotheses were tested regarding the construct "mobility" which showed that: Better "6-clicks" scores were related to less restrictive pre-admission living situations (p = 0...
May 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751936/effect-of-vitamin-d-on-the-variability-of-blood-pressure-in-premenopausal-and-menopausal-hypertensive-women-in-the-area-of-blida-algeria
#10
A Bachir Cherif, M Temmar, S Bennouar, A Bouamra, A Taleb, A Bouraghda, M T Bouafia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of 25 (OH) vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure (BP) variability in hypertensive women in the pre-menopausal and post-menopausal periods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 881 hypertensive women prospectively followed for an interventional study between January 2016 and September 2017, in specialized consultation at the department of internal medicine at the Blida University Hospital (Algeria). Four hundred and thiry nine premenopausal women (group I) and 442 menopausal women (group II)...
May 8, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742116/choosing-emergency-medicine-influences-on-medical-students-choice-of-emergency-medicine
#11
John C Ray, Laura R Hopson, William Peterson, Sally A Santen, Sorabh Khandelwal, Fiona E Gallahue, Melissa White, John C Burkhardt
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is understood about which factors influence students' choice of specialty and when learners ultimately make this decision. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to understand how experiences of medical students relate to the timing of selection of Emergency Medicine (EM) as a specialty. Of specific interest were factors such as how earlier and more positive specialty exposure may impact the decision-making process of medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study of EM bound 4th year US medical students (MD and DO) was performed exploring when and why students choose EM as their specialty...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741196/educating-medical-students-in-counselling-older-adults-about-exercise-the-impact-of-a-physical-activity-module
#12
A D Jadczak, K L Tam, R Visvanathan
BACKGROUND: Exercise courses during medical school contribute to medical students' confidence in promoting physical activity to their patients. However, there is still a lack of uniform physical activity education across medical school curricula to equip medical students with the necessary skills and knowledge to counsel their patients about exercise. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a 1.5-hour physical activity module including a one-hour exercise tutorial combined with a 30-minute practical counselling session on senior medical students' perceptions of the importance of exercise and their perceived competence in advising older people about exercise...
2018: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729659/improving-health-care-for-critically-ill-patients-using-an-evidence-based-collaborative-approach-to-abcdef-bundle-dissemination-and-implementation
#13
Mary Ann Barnes-Daly, Brenda T Pun, Lori A Harmon, Diane G Byrum, Vishakha K Kumar, John W Devlin, Joanna L Stollings, Kathleen A Puntillo, Heidi J Engel, Patricia J Posa, Juliana Barr, William D Schweickert, Cheryl L Esbrook, Ken D Hargett, Shannon S Carson, J Matthew Aldrich, E Wesley Ely, Michele C Balas
BACKGROUND: Patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) often experience pain, oversedation, prolonged mechanical ventilation, delirium, and weakness. These conditions are important in that they often lead to protracted physical, neurocognitive, and mental health sequelae now termed postintensive care syndrome. Changing current ICU practice will not only require the adoption of evidence-based interventions but the development of effective and reliable teams to support these new practices...
May 5, 2018: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726320/preferences-for-prenatal-testing-among-pregnant-women-partners-and-health-professionals
#14
Ida Charlotte Bay Lund, Naja Becher, Olav Bjørn Petersen, Melissa Hill, Lyn Chitty, Ida Vogel
INTRODUCTION: Cell-free DNA testing (cfDNA testing) in maternal plasma has recently been implemented in Danish healthcare. Prior to that we wanted to evaluate the preferences among pregnant women, partners and health professionals regarding cfDNA testing compared with invasive prenatal diagnostics. METHODS: Responders were recruited at public hospitals in the Central and North Denmark Regions. Stated preferences for prenatal testing were obtained through an online questionnaire incorporating a discrete choice experiment...
May 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725365/effects-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-on-protein-malnutrition-and-igf-1-and-il-2-gene-expression-levels-in-chronic-nephrotic-syndrome
#15
Guang Dai, Donghai Wang, Hua Dong
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of recombinant human growth hormone on protein malnutrition and insulin-like growth factor-1 ( IGF-1 ) and interleukin-2 ( IL-2 ) gene expressions in chronic nephrotic syndrome. Eighty patients with chronic nephrotic syndrome were admitted to our hospital. The patients were included in the study period from January 2015 to December 2016 and were divided into two groups (40 cases in each group) according to the random number method. All the patients enrolled received symptomatic and supportive treatment...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719846/epidemiology-of-road-traffic-injury-fatalities-among-car-users-a-study-based-on-forensic-medicine-data-in-east-azerbaijan-of-iran
#16
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Bahram Samadirad, Nasrin Shahedifar, Mina Golestani
Objective: To study the epidemiology of car user road traffic fatalities (CURTFs) during eight years, in East Azerbaijan, Iran. Methods: A total of 3051 CURTFs registered in East Azerbaijan forensic medicine organization database, Iran, during 2006-2014, were analyzed using Stata 13 statistical software package. Descriptive statistics ( p <0.05) and inferential statistical methods such as Chi-squared test and multivariate logistic regression with p <0.1 were applied...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697044/international-emergency-medical-teams-training-workshop-special-report
#17
Anthony Albina, Laura Archer, Marlène Boivin, Hilarie Cranmer, Kirsten Johnson, Gautham Krishnaraj, Anali Maneshi, Lisa Oddy, Lynda Redwood-Campbell, Rebecca Russell
The World Health Organization's (WHO; Geneva, Switzerland) Emergency Medical Team (EMT) Initiative created guidelines which define the basic procedures to be followed by personnel and teams, as well as the critical points to discuss before deploying a field hospital. However, to date, there is no formal standardized training program established for EMTs before deployment. Recognizing that the World Association of Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) Congress brings together a diverse group of key stakeholders, a pre-Congress workshop was organized to seek out collective expertise and to identify key EMT training competencies for the future development of training programs and protocols...
April 26, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695029/paediatric-acute-care-highlights-from-the-paediatric-acute-care-advanced-paediatric-life-support-conference-gold-coast-2017
#18
Stephen Ss Teo, Arjun Rao, Jason Acworth
The Paediatric Acute Care Conference is an annual conference organised by APLS Australia to advance paediatric acute care topics for clinicians in pre-hospital medicine, EDs, acute paediatrics, intensive care and anaesthesia. The Conference 2017 was held at Surfers Paradise, Queensland. We provide a summary of some of the presentations.
April 25, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693546/self-management-of-gestational-diabetes-among-chinese-migrants-a-qualitative-study
#19
Yat Yin Eric Wah, Margaret McGill, Jencia Wong, Glynis P Ross, Anna-Jane Harding, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. Women with Gestational diabetes are at increased risk of serious health outcomes, such as pre-eclampsia, obstructed labor, and the development of Type 2 diabetes later in life. Chinese migrants, the third largest cultural group in Australia, are more likely to develop Gestational diabetes than Australian-born women. However, to date, Gestational diabetes self-management has not been investigated in this population...
April 21, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673137/herb-induced-liver-injuries-in-developing-nations-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Cecilia Nwadiuto Amadi, Orish Ebere Orisakwe
The last few decades have seen a rise in the use of herbal supplements, natural products, and traditional medicines. However, there are growing concerns related to the safety and toxicities of these medicines. These herbal medicines are associated with complications such as liver damage with a high incidence of mortalities and morbidities. Clinical manifestations range from asymptomatic cases with abnormal liver functions tests to sudden and severe liver failure necessitating liver transplantation. This work aimed to review the etiology, risk factors, diagnosis, clinical manifestations and selected clinical case reports of herbal hepatotoxicity in developing nations...
April 17, 2018: Toxics
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