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broad ligament

Philippe Gauthier, Zongdong Yu, Quynh T Tran, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Bhatti, Xiaofei Zhu, George T-J Huang
Regeneration of periodontal tissues, particularly cementum, is key to regaining periodontal attachment and health. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) have been shown to be a good cell source to regenerate periodontal tissues. However, their subpopulations and the differentiation induction in relation to cementogenic lineages is unclear. Thus, we aim to examine the expression of cementum-associated genes in PDLSC subpopulations and determine the effect of broadly used osteogenic stimulus or vitamin C (VC) on the expression of cementogenic and osteogenic genes in PDLSCs...
October 18, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Subrata Pal, Sajeeb Mondal, Palash Kr Mondal, Gargi Raychaudhuri, Rajashree Pradhan, Suparna Banerjee
Calcified broad ligament leiomyoma is a rare benign lesion in postmenopausal age group. It causes diagnostic confusion with solid calcified adnexal mass and large bladder calculi at the pelvic region. Clinical and radiological diagnoses were confirmed by histopathology of the hysterectomy specimen. We hereby present a case of heavily calcified broad ligament fibroid in a postmenopausal woman.
July 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
Jian He, Jie Xu, Hong-Yan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Uterus-like mass (ULM) is an extremely rare lesion. Gross morphology of ULM resembling a uterus. It can occur in various organs in the abdominal cavity, even in the spinal cord. The histogenesis of ULM remains uncertain. A number of hypotheses have been proposed including metaplasia, congenital anomaly, and heterotopia theory. METHODS: We describe a case of 43-year-old male presented with a complaint of acute low abdominal pain. Pelvic ultrasound found a large pelvic mass embedded in the broad ligament...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
M Tokiwa, K Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
K Huang, A Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
P Bhardwaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
C J Klietheremes, B Holloran-Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Tjerk Zult, Alli Gokeler, Jos J A M van Raay, Reinoud W Brouwer, Inge Zijdewind, Tibor Hortobágyi
PURPOSE: The function of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients' non-injured leg is relevant in light of the high incidence of secondary ACL injuries on the contralateral side. However, the non-injured leg's function has only been examined for a selected number of neuromuscular outcomes and often without appropriate control groups. We measured a broad array of neuromuscular functions between legs of ACL patients and compared outcomes to age, sex, and physical activity matched controls...
September 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Daniel Norman, Andrew J Metcalfe, Timothy Barlow, Charles E Hutchinson, Peter J M Thompson, Timothy J W Spalding, Mark A Williams
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has become the subject of much debate. There has been extensive study into attachment points of the native ligament, especially regarding the femoral attachment. Some of these studies have suggested that fibers in the ACL are of differing functional importance. Fibers with higher functional importance would be expected to exert larger mechanical stress on the bone. According to Wolff's law, cortical thickening would be expected in these areas...
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Weiqi Yang, Jae-Seung Lee, Boris Kharkov, Andrew J Ilott, Alexej Jerschow
One of the major challenges in using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to study immobile samples, such as solid materials or rigid tissues like bone or ligaments, is that the images appear dark due to these samples' short-lived signals. Although it is well known that narrowband signals can be excited in inhomogeneously-broadened lines, it is less well known that similar effects can be observed in dipolar-broadened systems. These long-lived signals have not been used much, mainly because their description frequently does not match intuition...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Jayashree Nayar, Sobha S Nair
Abdominal pregnancies constitute 1% of ectopic pregnancies, among which broad ligament pregnancy is a rare form. The maternal mortality rate has been reported to be as high as 20%. The diagnosis is seldom established before surgery. Laparoscopic management of broad ligament ectopic pregnancy is the ideal form of treatment in appropriately selected patients. We present the case report of successful laparoscopic treatment of a 3x3.5cm broad ligament pregnancy. A search of literature shows that ours is the 6(th) case report of such a rare ectopic pregnancy managed endoscopically successfully...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Amy A Claeson, Victor H Barocas
The lumbar facet capsular ligament (FCL) articulates with six degrees of freedom during spinal motions of flexion/extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation. The lumbar FCL is composed of highly aligned collagen fiber bundles on the posterior surface (oriented primarily laterally between the rigid articular facets) and irregularly oriented elastin on the anterior surface. Because the FCL is a capsule, it has multiple insertion sites across the lumbar facet joint, which, along with its material structure, give rise to complicated deformations in vivo...
August 20, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Abigail Natalie Sharpe, Howard Klys, Meenakshi Choudhary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Naoko Otani-Takei, Tetsu Akimoto, Ai Sadatomo, Osamu Saito, Shigeaki Muto, Eiji Kusano, Daisuke Nagata
Abdominal hernias are a common cause of bowel obstruction. The major types of abdominal hernias are external or abdominal wall hernias, which occur at areas of congenital or acquired weakness in the abdominal wall. An alternative entity is internal hernias, which are characterized by a protrusion of viscera through the peritoneum or mesentery. We herein present the case of a female peritoneal dialysis patient with bowel obstruction due to an internal hernia. Although an initial work-up did not lead to a correct diagnosis, an exploratory laparotomy revealed that she had intestinal herniation due to a defect in the broad ligament of the uterus, which was promptly corrected by surgery...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
B Bechev, N Magunska, Emil Kovachev, Stefan Ivanov
Uterine myoma is the most frequent benign tumor of female organs. Intraligamentary myomas in the broad ligament are rare. We present a case of 50 years old patient with 22 cm intraligamentary myoma with cystic degeneration, who is referred to the Gynecological Department of Ob/Gyn Hospital "Dr. Shterev" with complains of severe pain. This case is interesting for its rareness and diagnostic dilemma, because degenerative myomas can imitate malignant mass. Total laparoscopic hysterectomy with ablastic vaginal morcellation of the specimen in endobag was performed...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
Sweta Singh Mishra, Arpita Saha, Pritinanda Mishra, Saubhagya Kumar Jena
Lipoleiomyoma of the uterus is a rare variant of leiomyoma, and lipoleiomyoma of the broad ligament is still rarer, with only a handful of cases being reported. The present case was a perimenopausal woman who presented with a huge lower abdominal mass. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed a heterogeneous solid mass in the left adnexa. The histopathological findings confirmed the nature of the lesions as a benign lipoleiomyoma with dermoid cyst of the left ovary and its other associated benign lesions, were the interesting features seen in this case which were not suspected clinically and radiologically...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Daniel K Schneider, Alli Gokeler, Bert Otten, Kevin R Ford, Timothy E Hewett, Jon Divine, Angelo J Colosimo, Robert S Heidt, Gregory D Myer
A mass-spring-damper model may serve as an extension of biomechanical data from three-dimensional motion analysis and epidemiological data which help to delineate populations at-risk for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate such a model.\Thirty-six ACL reconstruction (ACLR) group subjects and 67 controls (CTRL) completed single-leg drop landing and single-leg broad jump tasks. Landing ground reaction force data were collected and analyzed with a mass-spring damper model...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Vicente Carratalá, Francisco J Lucas, Eduardo Sánchez Alepuz, Eva Guisasola, Rafael Calero
Scapholunate (SL) ligament injury is among the most common injuries of the intrinsic ligaments of the carpus. Arthroscopic treatment in complete and nonacute injuries has had poor results. These cases have typically been treated using open surgical techniques that require a broad dorsal approach and produce soft tissue impairment, which leads to reduced wrist mobility. The development of wrist arthroscopy techniques has allowed the treatment of complete and nonacute injuries of the SL ligament, without the disadvantages of open surgery, respecting the soft tissues and avoiding injury of the posterior interosseous nerve, in an attempt to preserve the proprioception of the wrist and the secondary dorsal stabilizers...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Sebastian Kruppert, Martin Horstmann, Linda C Weiss, Clemens F Schaber, Stanislav N Gorb, Ralph Tollrian
Daphnia (Crustacea, Cladocera) are well known for their ability to form morphological adaptations to defend against predators. In addition to spines and helmets, the carapace itself is a protective structure encapsulating the main body, but not the head. It is formed by a double layer of the integument interconnected by small pillars and hemolymphatic space in between. A second function of the carapace is respiration, which is performed through its proximal integument. The interconnecting pillars were previously described as providing higher mechanical stability against compressive forces...
October 2016: Journal of Morphology
Léa Moulin, Valérie Cenizo, Alengo Nyamay Antu, Valérie Andre-Frei, Sabine Pain, Pascal Sommer, Romain Debret
Lysyl oxidase-like 1 (LOXL1) is an amino-oxidase involved in maturation of elastic fibres. Its downregulation has been associated with elastic fibres repair loss in ageing aorta, lung, ligament and skin. Several evidences of LOXL1 epigenetic silencing by promoter methylation were reported in cancer and cutis laxa syndrome. We hypothesised that this mechanism could be implicated in skin ageing process, as far as elastic fibres are also concerned. Anti-DNMT3A chromatin immuno-precipitation was conducted with nuclear extracts from skin fibroblasts isolated from young and elderly individuals, and showed a higher level of DNMT3A protein binding to the LOXL1 promoter in older cells concomitantly to the decrease of LOXL1 mRNA expression and the increase of LOXL1 promoter methylation...
July 10, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
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