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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905816/cementocyte-cell-death-occurs-in-rat-cellular-cementum-during-orthodontic-tooth-movement
#1
Humihiro Matsuzawa, Naoko Toriya, Yuya Nakao, Moe Konno-Nagasaka, Toshiya Arakawa, Miki Okayama, Itaru Mizoguchi
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the mechanism of root resorption during orthodontic treatment, we examined cementocyte cell death and root resorption in the cellular cementum on the pressure side during experimental tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using 8-week-old male Wistar rats, the right first molar was pushed mesiobuccally with a force of 40 g by a Ni-Ti alloy wire while the contralateral first molar was used as a control. Localization and number of cleaved caspase-3-positive and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) - positive cells were evaluated using dual-label immunohistochemistry with anticleaved caspase-3 and anti-ssDNA antibodies...
December 1, 2016: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896803/the-effect-of-craniokinesis-on-the-middle-ear-of-domestic-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus
#2
Raf Claes, Pieter G G Muyshondt, Luc Van Hoorebeke, Jelle Dhaene, Joris J J Dirckx, Peter Aerts
The avian middle ear differs from that of mammalians and contains a tympanic membrane, one ossicle (bony columella and cartilaginous extra-columella), some ligaments and one muscle. The rim of the eardrum (closing the middle ear cavity) is connected to the neurocranium and, by means of a broad ligament, to the otic process of the quadrate. Due to the limited number of components in the avian middle ear, the possibilities of attenuating the conduction of sound seem to be limited to activity of the stapedius muscle...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856389/mini-laparoscopy-of-removal-partial-adnexae-at-the-time-of-hysterectomy
#3
António Gutierrez Setúbal, João Sequeira Alves, Olga Lavado, Joana Faria
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique of mini laparoscopic adnexectomy or salpingectomy at the time of total laparoscopic hysterectomy DESIGN: Step-by-step video explanation of our technique SETTING: The advantages of laparoscopic surgery have been widely recognised in the past two decades: improved vision, exposure, reduction in operative trauma because of smaller incisions and more gentle tissue´s handling, that result in a faster postoperative recovery. The technology development has allowed the use of smaller caliber instruments while maintaining the high standard surgical performance...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843659/rare-case-of-leiomyoma-and-adenomyosis-in-mayer-rokitansky-kuster-hauser-syndrome
#4
P S Hoo, A R Norhaslinda, J N Shah Reza
We report a case of adenomyosis which developed from a hypoplastic uterus and leiomyoma in a patient with MRKH syndrome. A 45-year-old Malay female with primary amenorrhoea and primary infertility presented with abdominal mass and abdominal pain. She is phenotypically female, has well developed secondary sexual characteristics, and has normal female external genitalia with shallow vagina dimple. Transabdominal ultrasonography showed a homogenous adnexal mass of 10 × 8 cm, uterus sized 5 × 4 cm, and normal kidneys...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824022/endoscopic-ultrasound-of-the-hepatoduodenal-ligament-and-liver-hilum
#5
Malay Sharma, Chittapuram Srinivasan Rameshbabu, Christoph F Dietrich, Praveer Rai, Raghav Bansal
The porta hepatis and hepatoduodenal ligament (HDL) are important anatomical pathways of extension of disease to and from the liver. The imaging of this area is difficult. The role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) as an imaging modality for hepatoduodenal ligament has not been established so far. All images in the present study have been generated from a detailed review of real time recordings using the curved linear scanning echoendoscope EG -3830 UT (Pentax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), coupled with a Hitachi avius and Hitach 7500 processor (Hitachi Aloka Medical, Tokyo Japan)...
November 8, 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818820/an-unusual-case-of-paraganglioma-of-the-broad-ligament-presenting-as-cystic-mass
#6
Siddhi Gaurish Sinai Khandeparkar, Maithili Mandar Kulkarni, Vandana Gaopande, Avinash Joshi, Pushpalata Naphade
In clinical practice, broad ligament (BL) tumors are seldom encountered. Paraganglioma of the BL is exceedingly rare entity. Here we present an unusual case of broad ligament paraganglioma, presenting as a cystic mass, in a 50-year-old postmenopausal female. A high degree of suspicion along with detailed immunohistopathological work-up is needed for arriving at an accurate diagnosis.
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799059/a-postmenopausal-woman-with-sciatica-from-broad-ligament-leiomyoma-a-case-report
#7
Ya-Chu May Tsai
BACKGROUND: Unilateral lower abdominal pain and/or sciatic nerve pain is a common presentation in the elderly population. The prevalence of broad ligament leiomyoma is <1 % with the prevalence declining after the menopause and it is rare for broad ligament leiomyomas to be clinically significant. Thus, we highlight a case of symptomatic broad ligament leiomyoma in a postmenopausal woman whose symptoms improved after definitive treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old postmenopausal Macedonian woman was referred to our gynecological department with unexplained pain in her left leg and left iliac fossa region on walking...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790441/risk-stratification-in-paragangliomas-with-pass-pheochromocytoma-of-the-adrenal-gland-scaled-score-and-immunohistochemical-markers
#8
Maithili Mandar Kulkarni, Siddhi Gaurish Sinai Khandeparkar, Sanjay D Deshmukh, R R Karekar, Vandana L Gaopande, Avinash R Joshi, Mrunal V Kesari, R R Shelke
INTRODUCTION: Paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare tumours that arise in sympathetic and parasympathetic paraganglia and are derived from neural crest cells. Presence of metastasis is the only absolute criterion for malignancy. There is no single histo-morphological feature indicating malignant potential and multiple parameters have been proposed to prognosticate the individual case. This includes studies conducted using Pheochromocytoma of the Adrenal Gland Scaled Score (PASS) and Immunohistochemical (IHC) markers...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772973/a-case-of-extra-uterine-benign-endometrial-stromal-nodule-arising-in-the-broad-ligament-in-the-absence-of-a-clinical-history-of-endometriosis
#9
W W Yong, J Perry-Keene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757536/cementogenic-genes-in-human-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells-are-downregulated-in-response-to-osteogenic-stimulation-while-upregulated-by-vitamin-c-treatment
#10
Philippe Gauthier, Zongdong Yu, Quynh T Tran, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Bhatti, Xiaofei Zhu, George T-J Huang
Regeneration of periodontal tissues, particularly cementum, is key to regaining periodontal attachment and health. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) have been shown to be a good cell source to regenerate periodontal tissues. However, their subpopulations and the differentiation induction in relation to cementogenic lineages is unclear. Thus, we aim to examine the expression of cementum-associated genes in PDLSC subpopulations and determine the effect of broadly used osteogenic stimulus or vitamin C (VC) on the expression of cementogenic and osteogenic genes in PDLSCs...
October 18, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721644/severely-calcified-leiomyoma-of-broad-ligament-in-a-postmenopausal-woman-report-of-a-rare-case
#11
Subrata Pal, Sajeeb Mondal, Palash Kr Mondal, Gargi Raychaudhuri, Rajashree Pradhan, Suparna Banerjee
Calcified broad ligament leiomyoma is a rare benign lesion in postmenopausal age group. It causes diagnostic confusion with solid calcified adnexal mass and large bladder calculi at the pelvic region. Clinical and radiological diagnoses were confirmed by histopathology of the hysterectomy specimen. We hereby present a case of heavily calcified broad ligament fibroid in a postmenopausal woman.
July 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684842/uterus-like-mass-a-very-rare-and-elusive-entity-a-case-report
#12
Jian He, Jie Xu, Hong-Yan Zhou
BACKGROUND: Uterus-like mass (ULM) is an extremely rare lesion. Gross morphology of ULM resembling a uterus. It can occur in various organs in the abdominal cavity, even in the spinal cord. The histogenesis of ULM remains uncertain. A number of hypotheses have been proposed including metaplasia, congenital anomaly, and heterotopia theory. METHODS: We describe a case of 43-year-old male presented with a complaint of acute low abdominal pain. Pelvic ultrasound found a large pelvic mass embedded in the broad ligament...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678880/broad-ligament-fibroid
#13
M Tokiwa, K Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678879/resection-of-broad-ligament-myoma
#14
K Huang, A Grant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678737/laparoscopic-management-of-broad-ligament-and-cervical-fibroids-with-reconstruction-of-ectocervical-canal
#15
P Bhardwaj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678727/tips-tricks-and-risks-of-laparoscopic-myomectomy-presented-with-a-case-of-a-broad-ligament-fibroid
#16
C J Klietheremes, B Holloran-Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665093/an-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-does-not-affect-the-neuromuscular-function-of-the-non-injured-leg-except-for-dynamic-balance-and-voluntary-quadriceps-activation
#17
Tjerk Zult, Alli Gokeler, Jos J A M van Raay, Reinoud W Brouwer, Inge Zijdewind, Tibor Hortobágyi
PURPOSE: The function of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients' non-injured leg is relevant in light of the high incidence of secondary ACL injuries on the contralateral side. However, the non-injured leg's function has only been examined for a selected number of neuromuscular outcomes and often without appropriate control groups. We measured a broad array of neuromuscular functions between legs of ACL patients and compared outcomes to age, sex, and physical activity matched controls...
September 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651395/cortical-bony-thickening-of-the-lateral-intercondylar-wall-the-functional-attachment-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament
#18
Daniel Norman, Andrew J Metcalfe, Timothy Barlow, Charles E Hutchinson, Peter J M Thompson, Timothy J W Spalding, Mark A Williams
BACKGROUND: The anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has become the subject of much debate. There has been extensive study into attachment points of the native ligament, especially regarding the femoral attachment. Some of these studies have suggested that fibers in the ACL are of differing functional importance. Fibers with higher functional importance would be expected to exert larger mechanical stress on the bone. According to Wolff's law, cortical thickening would be expected in these areas...
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639897/low-power-slice-selective-imaging-of-broad-signals
#19
Weiqi Yang, Jae-Seung Lee, Boris Kharkov, Andrew J Ilott, Alexej Jerschow
One of the major challenges in using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to study immobile samples, such as solid materials or rigid tissues like bone or ligaments, is that the images appear dark due to these samples' short-lived signals. Although it is well known that narrowband signals can be excited in inhomogeneously-broadened lines, it is less well known that similar effects can be observed in dipolar-broadened systems. These long-lived signals have not been used much, mainly because their description frequently does not match intuition...
November 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630914/broad-ligament-pregnancy-success-story-of-a-laparoscopically-managed-case
#20
Jayashree Nayar, Sobha S Nair
Abdominal pregnancies constitute 1% of ectopic pregnancies, among which broad ligament pregnancy is a rare form. The maternal mortality rate has been reported to be as high as 20%. The diagnosis is seldom established before surgery. Laparoscopic management of broad ligament ectopic pregnancy is the ideal form of treatment in appropriately selected patients. We present the case report of successful laparoscopic treatment of a 3x3.5cm broad ligament pregnancy. A search of literature shows that ours is the 6(th) case report of such a rare ectopic pregnancy managed endoscopically successfully...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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