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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434748/predicting-stage-2-of-calving-in-holstein-friesian-heifers
#1
K Lange, C Fischer-Tenhagen, W Heuwieser
The objective of this study was to predict stage 2 of calving in Holstein-Friesian heifers. Interobserver reliability and predictive values of relevant signs of imminent parturition (i.e., tail raising, stepping, clear and bloody vaginal discharge, turning the head toward the abdomen, and lying lateral with abdominal contractions) were determined. In the first experiment 32 heifers were included. Three investigators participated as observers in the study. They walked through the precalving pen in pairs and observed pregnant heifers (≥267 d pregnant)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400880/arthroscopic-findings-in-anterior-shoulder-instability
#2
REVIEW
Michael Hantes, Vasilios Raoulis
BACKGROUND: In the last years, basic research and arthroscopic surgery, have improved our understanding of shoulder anatomy and pathology. It is a fact that arthroscopic treatment of shoulder instability has evolved considerably over the past decades. The aim of this paper is to present the variety of pathologies that should be identified and treated during shoulder arthroscopy when dealing with anterior shoulder instability cases. METHODS: A review of the current literature regarding arthroscopic shoulder anatomy, anatomic variants, and arthroscopic findings in anterior shoulder instability, is presented...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384972/comparison-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-multi-slice-computed-tomography-image-quality-of-human-dried-mandible-using-10-anatomical-landmarks
#3
Samira Saati, Fatemeh Kaveh, Shiva Yarmohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) has gained a broad acceptance in dentomaxillofacial imaging. Computed Tomography (CT) is another imaging modality for diagnosis and preoperative assessments of the head and neck region. AIM: Considering the increased radiation exposure and high cost of CT, this study sought to subjectively assess the image quality of CBCT and Multi Slice CT (MSCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dry human mandible was scanned by five CBCT systems (New Tom 3G, Scanora, CRANEX 3D, Promax and Galileos) and one MSCT system...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351194/extraovarian-fibroma-with-minor-sex-cord-elements
#4
Makiko Omori, Tetsuo Kondo, Jiro Fukushima, Megumi Oi, Yumika Watanabe, Tadao Nakazawa, Akihiko Hashi, Shuji Hirata
Extraovarian sex cord-stromal tumor is an exceedingly uncommon entity that may cause a diagnostic dilemma clinically. We report a case of extraovarian fibroma with minor sex cord elements arising in the left broad ligament. The patient was a 66-year-old woman presenting with an intra-abdominal solid mass near the left ovary on magnetic resonance imaging. The tumor was located in the left broad ligament in contact with the left ovary and fallopian tube based on laparotomy findings. Histological examination revealed that the tumor was a fibroma that contained cell nests with aggregates resembling the Call-Exner bodies of granulosa cell tumors and irregularly shaped cell nests composed of undifferentiated sex cord-type cells...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348779/unusual-case-of-pelvic-hydatid-cyst-of-broad-ligament-mimicking-an-ovarian-tumour
#5
Alaa Abdullah, Reema Alsafi, Jamshaid Iqbal, Vincent Rotimi
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of hydatid cyst in female genital tract is rare and difficult. A high degree of clinical suspicion is needed for pre-operative investigations to exclude hydatid cyst of female pelvis. The objective of this presentation is to highlight a pelvic hydatid cyst that presented as an ovarian tumour. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old female, presented with constipation and haematuria with acute urinary retention. On examination, a mass measuring 15×13 cm was palpable in the left iliac region reaching up to the umbilicus...
August 2016: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348178/craniofacial-tissue-engineering
#6
Weibo Zhang, Pamela Crotty Yelick
The craniofacial complex is composed of fundamental components such as blood vessels and nerves, and also a variety of specialized tissues such as craniofacial bones, cartilages, muscles, ligaments, and the highly specialized and unique organs, the teeth. Together, these structures provide many functions including speech, mastication, and aesthetics of the craniofacial complex. Craniofacial defects not only influence the structure and function of the jaws and face, but may also result in deleterious psychosocial issues, emphasizing the need for rapid and effective, precise, and aesthetic reconstruction of craniofacial tissues...
March 27, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336362/broad-ligament-ectopic-pregnancy-after-bilateral-tubal-ligation
#7
Yonghee Cho, Susan Henning, Gerald Harkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323221/laparoscopic-promontohysteropexy-during-pregnancy
#8
L Pirtea, O Balint, C Secosan, R Ilina, D Grigoras
STUDY OBJECTIVE: to present a case of uterine prolapse in a 10 weeks pregnant patient that was successfully treated by laparoscopic promontohysteropexy. To our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopic promontopexy during pregnancy to ever be reported in literature. DESIGN: step by step explanation of the surgery using video SETTING: Uterine prolapse is a rare condition in young patients and extremely are in pregnant women. The incidence of uterine prolapse during pregnancy reported in literature is 1 per 10...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321478/the-anterolateral-complex-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knees-demonstrate-sonographic-abnormalities-on-high-resolution-sonography
#9
Masahito Yoshida, Elmar Herbst, Macio Albers, Volker Musahl, Freddie H Fu, Kentaro Onishi
PURPOSE: The presence of anterolateral ligament of the knee is still controversial, and some physicians prefer to call this structure anterolateral complex (ALC) to infer plural nature of structures involved. The purpose of this study was to describe the scanning techniques and to classify various sonographic appearances of the tibial-side ALC of the knee in subjects with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. It was hypothesized that sonographic abnormity of the ALC would be associated with ACL injury history...
March 20, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292199/high-resolution-mri-of-the-ulnar-and-radial-collateral-ligaments-of-the-wrist
#10
Taiki Nozaki, Wei Der Wu, Yasuhito Kaneko, Gregory Rafijah, Lily Yang, Dave Hitt, Hiroshi Yoshioka
Background Accurate diagnosis of injuries to the collateral ligaments of the wrist is technically challenging on MRI. Purpose To investigate usefulness of high-resolution two-dimensional (2D) and isotropic three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for identifying and classifying the morphology of the ulnar and radial collateral ligaments (UCL and RCL) of the wrist. Material and Methods Thirty-seven participants were evaluated using 3T coronal 2D and isotropic 3D images by two radiologists independently...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264349/a-new-remarkable-and-critically-endangered-species-of-i-astyanax-i-baird-amp-girard-characiformes-characidae-from-chapada-diamantina-bahia-brazil-with-a-discussion-on-durophagy-in-the-characiformes
#11
Angela M Zanata, Flávio C T Lima, Fabio DI Dario, Pedro Gerhard
Astyanax brucutu is described from the rio Pratinha, rio Paraguaçu basin, Bahia, Brazil. The new species is promptly distinguished from other characids by having four, rarely three, robust, rounded, and usualy tricuspid teeth on inner premaxillary series and similar teeth on dentary. The species is furthermore characterized by a series of unusual character states in the Characidae, including head blunt in lateral and dorsal views, longitudinal foreshortening of lower jaw, ventral margin of third infraorbital distinctly separated from horizontal limb of preopercle, leaving a broad area without superficial bones, mesethmoid anteroventrally expanded, and adductor mandibulae and primordial ligament remarkably developed...
February 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254504/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-trachelectomy-a-standard-technique
#12
Mohamad S Mahmoud
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe a standard reproducible technique for simple robotic- assisted laparoscopic trachelectomy. DESIGN: Step-by-step demonstration of the technique using videos and pictures (Canadian Task Force classification level 3). SETTING: The incidence of trachelectomy after supracervical hysterectomy has been increasing, given the popularity of supracervical hysterectomy. The most common indication for trachelectomy is symptomatic cyclic bleeding...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242132/abducens-nerve-palsy-due-to-inferior-petrosal-sinus-thrombosis
#13
Shivam Om Mittal, Junaid Siddiqui, Bashar Katirji
Isolated unilateral abducens nerve palsy is usually due to ischemia, trauma or neoplasm. Dorello's canal is the space between the petrous apex and superolateral portion of the clivus, bound superiorly by Gruber's ligament. The abducens nerve travels with inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) though the Dorello's canal before entering the cavernous sinus. A 31-year-old man presented with neck pain, and binocular horizontal diplopia, worse looking towards left and at distance. He had a history of intravenous drug abuse but no history of hypertension or diabetes...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209495/maternal-obesity-and-major-intraoperative-complications-during-cesarean-delivery
#14
Marcela C Smid, Catherine J Vladutiu, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Kim A Boggess, Tracy A Manuck, David M Stamilio
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated an association between maternal obesity and postoperative complications, but there is a dearth of information about the impact of obesity on intraoperative complications. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between maternal obesity at delivery and major intraoperative complications during cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the deidentified Maternal-Fetal Medicine Unit Cesarean Registry of women with singleton pregnancies...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199800/preventive-biomechanics
#15
Timothy E Hewett, Nathaniel A Bates
BACKGROUND: Preventive medicine techniques have alleviated billions of dollars' worth of the economic burden in the medical care system through the implementation of vaccinations and screenings before the onset of disease symptoms. Knowledge of biomechanical tendencies has progressed rapidly over the past 20 years such that clinicians can identify, in healthy athletes, the underlying mechanisms that lead to catastrophic injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. As such, preventive medicine concepts can be applied to noncontact musculoskeletal injuries to reduce the economic burden of sports medicine treatments and enhance the long-term health of athletes...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179200/laparoscopic-management-of-abdomininal-pregnancy
#16
Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
CASE REPORT OBJECTIVE: To show the surgical management in laparoscopy of a particular localization of an extra-uterine pregnancy misunderstood until 12 week of EG complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women who go to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1 to 16 percent [1]. The most common localization of ectopic pregnancy are the Fallopian tubes while abdominal pregnancy represent at least 1 percent of extra-uterine pregnancies...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109122/bleeding-in-the-retroperitoneal-space-under-the-broad-ligament-as-a-result-of-uterine-perforation-after-dilatation-and-curettage-report-of-a-case
#17
Hisato Tokuda, Satoshi Nakago, Hiroki Kato, Tetsuya Oishi, Fumikazu Kotsuji
Uterine perforation, a complication of dilation and curettage, is typically recognized immediately after the procedure by clinical symptoms of peritoneal irritation resulting from intraperitoneal bleeding. Our patient complained of having an uncomfortable feeling, slight dizziness, palpitation in the sitting position and abdominal discomfort but did not show signs of peritoneal irritation 24 h after dilation and curettage. However, she suddenly complained of abdominal pain. Tenderness and rebound tenderness were detected at the lower abdominal wall...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088071/discrete-quasi-linear-viscoelastic-damping-analysis-of-connective-tissues-and-the-biomechanics-of-stretching
#18
Behzad Babaei, Aaron J Velasquez-Mao, Stavros Thomopoulos, Elliot L Elson, Steven D Abramowitch, Guy M Genin
The time- and frequency-dependent properties of connective tissue define their physiological function, but are notoriously difficult to characterize. Well-established tools such as linear viscoelasticity and the Fung quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) model impose forms on responses that can mask true tissue behavior. Here, we applied a more general discrete quasi-linear viscoelastic (DQLV) model to identify the static and dynamic time- and frequency-dependent behavior of rabbit medial collateral ligaments. Unlike the Fung QLV approach, the DQLV approach revealed that energy dissipation is elevated at a loading period of ∼10s...
May 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078610/optimization-of-the-return-to-sport-paradigm-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-critical-step-back-to-move-forward
#19
REVIEW
Bart Dingenen, Alli Gokeler
Athletes who have sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury often opt for an ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with the goal and expectation to resume sports. Unfortunately, the proportion of athletes successfully returning to sport is relatively low, while the rate of second ACL injury has been reported to exceed 20% after clearance to return to sport, especially within younger athletic populations. Despite the development of return-to-sport guidelines over recent years, there are still more questions than answers on the most optimal return-to-sport criteria after ACLR...
January 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066875/evaluating-the-effects-of-consolidation-on-intrusion-and-retraction-using-temporary-anchorage-devices-a-fem-study
#20
Monica Namburi, Sleevaraju Nagothu, Chetan S Kumar, N Chakrapani, C H Hanumantharao, Supradeep K Kumar
BACKGROUND: Extraction of premolars and retracting the anterior teeth using mini-implants and anterior retraction hooks became advent now a day. In such treatments, consolidation of arches is not done in regular practice. So, the present study is concentrated on effects of consolidation in two implant and three implant combinations of retraction and intrusion. METHODS: A three-dimensional FEM model of maxillary teeth and periodontal ligament housed in the alveolar bone with the first premolars extracted is generated with appropriate number of elements and nodes...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
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