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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788683/definitions-of-groove-and-hollowness-of-the-infraorbital-region-and-clinical-treatment-using-soft-tissue-filler
#1
REVIEW
Ji-Hyun Lee, Giwoong Hong
Clarification is needed regarding the definitions and classification of groove and hollowness of the infraorbital region depending on the cause, anatomical characteristics, and appearance. Grooves in the infraorbital region can be classified as nasojugal grooves (or folds), tear trough deformities, and palpebromalar grooves; these can be differentiated based on anatomical characteristics. They are caused by the herniation of intraorbital fat, atrophy of the skin and subcutaneous fat, contraction of the orbital part of the orbicularis oculi muscle or squinting, and malar bone resorption...
May 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731327/the-round-ligament-of-the-uterus-questioning-its-distal-insertion
#2
A Bellier, G Cavalié, G Marnas, P Chaffanjon
PURPOSE: Classically, the round ligament of the uterus (RLU) attaches distally in the ipsilateral labia majora. This attachment has rarely been described in adults. That is why we have performed an anatomical study focused on this distal ending. PATIENTS: We performed in 2015 the cadaveric dissection of 19 RLU. METHODS: In all cases, the RLU was individualized on its entire length from its uterine origin to the inguinal canal. Then this canal was open from its internal orifice to its external orifice...
May 3, 2018: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725286/leiomyoma-cellulare-in-the-broad-ligament-of-the-uterus
#3
Dobrosława L Sikora-Szczęśniak
There are only two reports on leiomyoma cellulare (LC) in the parametrium that have been published so far. Aim of the study was analysis of two cases of LC in the parametrium diagnosed postoperatively, and review of literature on the subject. Case 1: A 50-year-old patient was operated on for LC located in the right parametrium and concomitant malignant tumour in the right ovary. Leiomyoma cellulare was resected, hysterectomy and bilateral appendectomy performed, and bilateral iliac and obturator lymph nodes excised...
March 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713398/review-of-the-literature-laparoscopic-surgery-for-metastatic-hepatic-leiomyosarcoma-associated-with-smooth-muscle-tumor-of-uncertain-malignant-potential-case-report
#4
Keisuke Fukui, Nobuhisa Takase, Taiichiro Miyake, Koji Hisano, Eri Maeda, Tohru Nishimura, Koichiro Abe, Akihito Kozuki, Tomohiro Tanaka, Naoki Harada, Manabu Takamatsu, Kunihiko Kaneda
Metastatic hepatic leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant smooth muscle tumor. We report a case of metastatic hepatic leiomyosarcoma associated with smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP). A 68-year-old female presented with a liver mass (60 mm × 40 mm, Segment 4). She underwent left salpingo-oophorectomy for an ovary tumor with STUMP in a broad ligament 6 years ago. Though FDG-PET showed obvious metabolically active foci, abnormal metabolically active foci other than the lesion were not detected...
April 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699902/intravenous-leiomyomatosis-of-the-uterus-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-13-cases-with-an-emphasis-on-histogenesis
#5
Lanlan Tang, Bingjian Lu
The object of this study is to investigate the prognosis and potential histologic origin of uterine intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL). We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of 13 cases of IVL from a single institute. The patients underwent hysterectomy (3 with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and 8 with excision of the broad ligaments and/or parametrium). They survived with no evidence of disease for 6-90 months. Intravascular worm-like plugs were macroscopically identified in the myometrium in 10 of 13 cases (76...
April 22, 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688066/high-field-structural-mri-in-the-management-of-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy
#6
Dan Wright, Sean Martin, Erlick Ac Pereira, Yazhuo Kong, Irene Tracey, Thomas Cadoux-Hudson
INTRODUCTION: This is a narrative overview of the pathophysiology, investigation and management of Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy (DCM). This review article also takes a look ahead to the impact high resolution MRI may have on treatment. BACKGROUND: DCM is the most common cause of spinal dysfunction and yet it remains poorly understood. It is becoming increasingly common in our ageing population. Disc and facet joint abnormalities, osteophytes, spondylothisthesis and ligamentous hypertrophy all act together to produce spinal canal and neuronal foramina stenosis which in turn causes neural compromise...
April 24, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670782/endometriosis-in-a-man-as-a-rare-source-of-abdominal-pain-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Christina Rei, Thomas Williams, Michael Feloney
Endometriosis occurs when a tissue resembling endometrial glands and stroma grows in ectopic sites, commonly causing infertility and pain. This condition is most often seen in women of reproductive age, involving pelvic sites such as the ovaries, broad ligaments, uterosacral ligaments, and posterior cul-de-sac. Very rarely, endometriosis has also been found in the lower genitourinary tract of men. A 40-year-old man presented to his primary care physician with abdominal pain. Further imaging discovered a midline mass...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661120/uterine-tumors-resembling-ovarian-sex-cord-tumors-in-four-baboons-papio-spp
#8
Sara Mangosing, Ekaterina Perminov, Olga Gonzalez, Erica K Barkei, Emily M Corbin, Shyamesh Kumar, Edward J Dick
Uterine tumors resembling ovarian sex cord tumors (UTROSCTs) are rare uterine neoplasms that exhibit prominent sex cord-like differentiation. The authors describe 4 cases of UTROSCTs that were identified as incidental lesions in female baboons. All baboons were in good body condition. One animal had a 2-mm-diameter yellow-tan mass in the uterine body along the attachment of the left broad ligament; the other 3 did not have any gross lesions in the uterus. Histologically, the myometrium contained multifocal well-demarcated neoplasms composed of cuboidal to columnar cells arranged in variable arrangements of sheets, nests, cords, trabecular, and retiform patterns that occasionally formed Call-Exner-like bodies...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601266/tumors-in-von-hippel-lindau-syndrome-from-head-to-toe-comprehensive-state-of-the-art-review
#9
Dhakshinamoorthy Ganeshan, Christine O Menias, Perry J Pickhardt, Kumaresan Sandrasegaran, Meghan G Lubner, Preetha Ramalingam, Sanjeev Bhalla
Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome (VHL) is an autosomal-dominant hereditary tumor disease that arises owing to germline mutations in the VHL gene, located on the short arm of chromosome 3. Patients with VHL may develop multiple benign and malignant tumors involving various organ systems, including retinal hemangioblastomas (HBs), central nervous system (CNS) HBs, endolymphatic sac tumors, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, pancreatic cystadenomas, pancreatic cysts, clear cell renal cell carcinomas, renal cysts, pheochromocytomas, paragangliomas, and epididymal and broad ligament cystadenomas...
March 30, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484933/bowel-obstruction-caused-by-broad-ligament-hernia-sucessfully-repaired-by-laparoscopy
#10
K Toolabi, A Zamanian, R Parsaei
Internal hernais are rare bowel obstructions. We present a case of small bowel obstruction in a 37-year-old woman caused by internal herniation through a defect in broad ligament, which was managed by laparoscopic surgery.
April 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459612/review-of-uterine-sling-after-five-years-of-operation-in-a-40-years-lady
#11
R A Khanam, A Rubaiat, A S Azam
Uterine sling is a operation, done with own rectus sleeve to correct the uterine descend. If necessary correction of cystocele and/or rectocele and or perineal tear done on the same sitting. After 5 years of such operation abdomen of Mrs. X was opened due to ovarian cyst in Nirapad Hospital, Shantinagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh on August 2016. Uterus was found in normal position and size. Rectus sleeves were found attached with the uterus where it was anchored. Omentum was attached over the rectus sleeves and sealed the weak points at both lateral ends of the rectus sleeves through which the sleeves were taken to the abdominal cavity...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433380/acute-abdominal-pain-due-to-internal-herniation-of-the-sigmoid-colon-fallopian-tube-and-left-ovary-a-rare-presentation-of-allen-masters-syndrome
#12
C H Mazzetti, N Hock, S Taylor, J Lemaitre, K Crener, E Lebrun
In 1955, Allen and Masters describe a painful syndrome which associates traumatic delivery to laceration found on the posterior leaf of the broad ligament. Herniation through this defect is a rare entity, accounted for about 4-7% of all internal hernias. Normally, it involves the small bowel. The authors present the case of a multiparous woman admitted at emergency for constipation and abdominal pain. The CT scan showed an extremely rare case of internal hernia of the sigmoid colon, fallopian tube and left ovary through a large defect of the broad ligament...
February 12, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385745/simulation-and-analysis-of-mechanical-properties-of-silica-aerogels-from-rationalization-to-prediction
#13
Hao Ma, Xiaoyang Zheng, Xuan Luo, Yong Yi, Fan Yang
Silica aerogels are highly porous 3D nanostructures and have exhibited excellent physio-chemical properties. Although silica aerogels have broad potential in many fields, the poor mechanical properties greatly limit further applications. In this study, we have applied the finite volume method (FVM) method to calculate the mechanical properties of silica aerogels with different geometric properties such as particle size, pore size, ligament diameter, etc. The FVM simulation results show that a power law correlation existing between relative density and mechanical properties (elastic modulus and yield stress) of silica aerogels, which are consistent with experimental and literature studies...
January 30, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373116/uncommon-hereditary-gynaecological-tumour-syndromes-pathological-features-in-tumours-that-may-predict-risk-for-a-germline-mutation
#14
REVIEW
Karuna Garg, Anthony N Karnezis, Joseph T Rabban
The most common hereditary gynaecological tumour syndromes are hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome and Lynch syndrome. However, pathologists also may encounter gynaecological tumours in women with rare hereditary syndromes. Many of these tumours exhibit distinctive gross and microscopic features that are associated with a risk for an inherited gene mutation. The sensitivity and specificity of these tumour pathology features for predicting an inherited mutation vary depending on the syndrome. By recognising these tumour features, pathologists may potentially contribute to the diagnosis of an unsuspected syndrome by recommending referral of the patient for formal risk assessment by genetic counselling...
February 2018: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372094/broad-ligament-lipoleiomyoma-masses-two-curious-cases-masquerading-as-ovarian-carcinomas
#15
Surekha Yadav, Barkha Maheswari, Nishant Sagar, Varuna Mallya, Nita Khurana, Sangeeta Gupta
Lipoleiomyomas are an extremely rare form of uterine leiomyoma; moreover, the occurrence of this type of tumour on the broad ligament is even rarer. We report two cases of broad ligament lipoleiomyomas in 15- and 38-year-old female patients who presented to the Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Hospital in New Delhi, India, between 2016 and 2017. In both cases, the preoperative diagnosis was of a solid ovarian malignancy. Most broad ligament tumours are mistaken for ovarian masses as they are difficult to diagnose radiologically...
November 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371171/simplified-laparoscopic-sacrohysteropexy
#16
Haider Jan, Vishalli Ghai, Ranee Thakar
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a simplified technique of performing laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy for uterine prolapse. DESIGN: A technical video demonstrating a simplified method of laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy (Canadian Task force classification level III). SETTING: The benign gynecology department at a university hospital. INTERVENTIONS: A 38-year old woman with grade 3 uterine descent presented requesting surgical management for symptomatic prolapse...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359610/effectiveness-of-a-bipolar-vessel-sealant-device-for-ovariohysterectomy-in-cats-with-pyometra
#17
Jean-François Boursier, Jean Bassanino, Dimitri Leperlier
Objectives The objective was to describe the use of a bipolar vessel sealant device for complete ovariohysterectomy in cats - both the ovarian pedicle and the uterine body and vessels - and to report on the feasibility of ovariohysterectomy in cats with pyometra. Methods Cats with confirmed pyometra and whose owners agreed to the surgical procedure were prospectively included in the study. Ovaries were visualised and the vessel sealant device was used to coagulate and cut the suspensory ligament, the ovarian pedicle and the broad ligament up to the level of the uterine body...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355716/cell-material-interactions-in-tendon-tissue-engineering
#18
REVIEW
Junxin Lin, Wenyan Zhou, Shan Han, Varitsara Bunpetch, Kun Zhao, Chaozhong Liu, Zi Yin, Hongwei Ouyang
The interplay between cells and materials is a fundamental topic in biomaterial-based tissue regeneration. One of the principles for biomaterial development in tendon regeneration is to stimulate tenogenic differentiation of stem cells. To this end, efforts have been made to optimize the physicochemical and bio-mechanical properties of biomaterials for tendon tissue engineering. However, recent progress indicated that innate immune cells, especially macrophages, can also respond to the material cues and undergo phenotypical changes, which will either facilitate or hinder tissue regeneration...
April 1, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354438/osteotomy-of-the-tibial-tubercle-for-anteromedialization
#19
Márcio B Ferrari, George Sanchez, Nicholas I Kennedy, Anthony Sanchez, Katrina Schantz, Matthew T Provencher
Patellofemoral instability is a common cause of anterior knee pain, especially in younger and more active patients. Treatment of instability varies considerably depending on the patient's symptoms as well as the cause of the instability. Lateral instability has a particularly broad spectrum of treatment algorithms including patellar taping, arthroscopy, lateral release, medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction, MPFL repair, and osteotomy of the tibial tubercle for realignment. Acute traumatic lateral dislocation is commonly associated with a tear of the MPFL and, therefore, needs to be addressed...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354422/combined-anatomic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-double-bundle-anterolateral-ligament-reconstruction
#20
Assem Mohamed Noureldin Zein, Mohamed Elshafie, Ahmed Nady Saleh Elsaid, Mohamed Ahmed Elsaid Elrefai
The results of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are so far satisfactory and improving over time as a result of the improved understanding of the anatomy and biomechanics of the ACL. Rotational instability confirmed by a positive pivot shift is present in more than 15% of cases who underwent successful ACL reconstruction. Persistent rotational instability interferes with performing pivoting sports, and also may lead to meniscal and chondral injuries, or re-rupture of the reconstructed ACL...
August 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
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