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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209495/maternal-obesity-and-major-intraoperative-complications-during-cesarean-delivery
#1
Marcela C Smid, Catherine J Vladutiu, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Kim A Boggess, Tracy A Manuck, David M Stamilio
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have demonstrated an association between maternal obesity and postoperative complications, but there is a dearth of information about the impact of obesity on intraoperative complications. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between maternal obesity at delivery and major intraoperative complications during cesarean delivery (CD). METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of the de-identified MFMU Cesarean Registry of women with singleton pregnancies...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199800/preventive-biomechanics
#2
Timothy E Hewett, Nathaniel A Bates
BACKGROUND: Preventive medicine techniques have alleviated billions of dollars' worth of the economic burden in the medical care system through the implementation of vaccinations and screenings before the onset of disease symptoms. Knowledge of biomechanical tendencies has progressed rapidly over the past 20 years such that clinicians can identify, in healthy athletes, the underlying mechanisms that lead to catastrophic injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. As such, preventive medicine concepts can be applied to noncontact musculoskeletal injuries to reduce the economic burden of sports medicine treatments and enhance the long-term health of athletes...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179200/laparoscopic-management-of-abdomininal-pregnancy
#3
Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
CASE REPORT OBJECTIVE: To show the surgical management in laparoscopy of a particular localization of an extra-uterine pregnancy misunderstood until 12 week of EG complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women who go to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1 to 16 percent [1]. The most common localization of ectopic pregnancy are the Fallopian tubes while abdominal pregnancy represent at least 1 percent of extra-uterine pregnancies...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109122/bleeding-in-the-retroperitoneal-space-under-the-broad-ligament-as-a-result-of-uterine-perforation-after-dilatation-and-curettage-report-of-a-case
#4
Hisato Tokuda, Satoshi Nakago, Hiroki Kato, Tetsuya Oishi, Fumikazu Kotsuji
Uterine perforation, a complication of dilation and curettage, is typically recognized immediately after the procedure by clinical symptoms of peritoneal irritation resulting from intraperitoneal bleeding. Our patient complained of having an uncomfortable feeling, slight dizziness, palpitation in the sitting position and abdominal discomfort but did not show signs of peritoneal irritation 24 h after dilation and curettage. However, she suddenly complained of abdominal pain. Tenderness and rebound tenderness were detected at the lower abdominal wall...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088071/discrete-quasi-linear-viscoelastic-damping-analysis-of-connective-tissues-and-the-biomechanics-of-stretching
#5
Behzad Babaei, Aaron J Velasquez-Mao, Stavros Thomopoulos, Elliot L Elson, Steven D Abramowitch, Guy M Genin
The time- and frequency-dependent properties of connective tissue define their physiological function, but are notoriously difficult to characterize. Well-established tools such as linear viscoelasticity and the Fung quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) model impose forms on responses that can mask true tissue behavior. Here, we applied a more general discrete quasi-linear viscoelastic (DQLV) model to identify the static and dynamic time- and frequency-dependent behavior of rabbit medial collateral ligaments. Unlike the Fung QLV approach, the DQLV approach revealed that energy dissipation is elevated at a loading period of ∼10s...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078610/optimization-of-the-return-to-sport-paradigm-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-critical-step-back-to-move-forward
#6
REVIEW
Bart Dingenen, Alli Gokeler
Athletes who have sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury often opt for an ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with the goal and expectation to resume sports. Unfortunately, the proportion of athletes successfully returning to sport is relatively low, while the rate of second ACL injury has been reported to exceed 20% after clearance to return to sport, especially within younger athletic populations. Despite the development of return-to-sport guidelines over recent years, there are still more questions than answers on the most optimal return-to-sport criteria after ACLR...
January 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066875/evaluating-the-effects-of-consolidation-on-intrusion-and-retraction-using-temporary-anchorage-devices-a-fem-study
#7
Monica Namburi, Sleevaraju Nagothu, Chetan S Kumar, N Chakrapani, C H Hanumantharao, Supradeep K Kumar
BACKGROUND: Extraction of premolars and retracting the anterior teeth using mini-implants and anterior retraction hooks became advent now a day. In such treatments, consolidation of arches is not done in regular practice. So, the present study is concentrated on effects of consolidation in two implant and three implant combinations of retraction and intrusion. METHODS: A three-dimensional FEM model of maxillary teeth and periodontal ligament housed in the alveolar bone with the first premolars extracted is generated with appropriate number of elements and nodes...
December 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046159/technical-note-a-new-surgical-technique-for-ovariohysterectomy-during-early-pregnancy-in-beef-heifers
#8
K J McLean, C R Dahlen, P P Borowicz, L P Reynolds, M R Crosswhite, B W Neville, S D Walden, J S Caton
We hypothesized that a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure could be developed in beef heifers that would provide high quality tissues for addressing critical questions during early pregnancy, while concomitantly keeping livestock stewardship a high priority. To test the hypothesis, we: 1) developed a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure for use in beef heifers, and 2) implemented this procedure in a cohort of heifers up to d 50 of pregnancy for tissue collections, documentation of post-surgical recovery, and assessment of feedlot finishing performance...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035300/review-of-common-conditions-associated-with-periodontal-ligament-widening
#9
REVIEW
Hamed Mortazavi, Maryam Baharvand
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to review a group of lesions associated with periodontal ligament (PDL) widening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed using specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, Science Direct, and Scopus to find relevant studies by using keywords such as "periodontium", "periodontal ligament", "periodontal ligament space", "widened periodontal ligament", and "periodontal ligament widening"...
December 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956105/management-of-broad-ligament-defects-and-herniation-of-colon
#10
Mee Kristine Aas-Eng, Anton Langebrekke, Marit Lieng, Erik Qvigstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932268/ten-principles-for-a-safe-surgical-treatment-of-ovarian-endometriosis
#11
M A López-de la Torre, H M Abrao, L F Fernandes, R M Kho, M S Abrao
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a step-by-step laparoscopic approach for excision of ovarian endometrioma following surgical principles for safety and maximal preservation of ovarian function. DESIGN: Video SETTING: Medical management of ovarian endometriomas is not recommended. Operative laparoscopic is the treatment of choice. Although considered a simple procedure, ovarian cystectomy requires precise and correct technique in order to preserve ovarian function. PATIENT: Asymptomatic, 27yo woman with ultrasound imaging suggesting a 6,2 x 5,4 cm left endometrioma...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922985/video-analysis-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries-a-systematic-review
#12
Victor R Carlson, Frances T Sheehan, Barry P Boden
BACKGROUND: As the most viable method for investigating in vivo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, video analysis is critical for understanding ACL injury mechanisms and advancing preventative training programs. Despite the limited number of published studies involving video analysis, much has been gained through evaluating actual injury scenarios. METHODS: Studies meeting criteria for this systematic review were collected by performing a broad search of the ACL literature with use of variations and combinations of video recordings and ACL injuries...
November 29, 2016: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919864/taxonomy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-knee-conditions-trak-a-digital-intervention-to-support-the-self-care-components-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-feasibility-study
#13
Emma Dunphy, Fiona L Hamilton, Kate Button
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is common, especially in the active population. In defining the problem of ACL rehabilitation, this study draws from the knowledge that improved self-care, strength, and fitness are associated with better outcomes. Traditional rehabilitation involves regular physiotherapy, but it is not clear what the optimal way for delivering rehabilitation is, and it varies widely across the world. Evidence for treatments are discussed in the literature, however standard length of rehabilitation and frequency of appointments are unknown...
December 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905816/cementocyte-cell-death-occurs-in-rat-cellular-cementum-during-orthodontic-tooth-movement
#14
Humihiro Matsuzawa, Naoko Toriya, Yuya Nakao, Moe Konno-Nagasaka, Toshiya Arakawa, Miki Okayama, Itaru Mizoguchi
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the mechanism of root resorption during orthodontic treatment, we examined cementocyte cell death and root resorption in the cellular cementum on the pressure side during experimental tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using 8-week-old male Wistar rats, the right first molar was pushed mesiobuccally with a force of 40 g by a Ni-Ti alloy wire while the contralateral first molar was used as a control. Localization and number of cleaved caspase-3-positive and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) - positive cells were evaluated using dual-label immunohistochemistry with anticleaved caspase-3 and anti-ssDNA antibodies...
December 1, 2016: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896803/the-effect-of-craniokinesis-on-the-middle-ear-of-domestic-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus
#15
Raf Claes, Pieter G G Muyshondt, Luc Van Hoorebeke, Jelle Dhaene, Joris J J Dirckx, Peter Aerts
The avian middle ear differs from that of mammalians and contains a tympanic membrane, one ossicle (bony columella and cartilaginous extra-columella), some ligaments and one muscle. The rim of the eardrum (closing the middle ear cavity) is connected to the neurocranium and, by means of a broad ligament, to the otic process of the quadrate. Due to the limited number of components in the avian middle ear, the possibilities of attenuating the conduction of sound seem to be limited to activity of the stapedius muscle...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856389/mini-laparoscopy-of-removal-partial-adnexae-at-the-time-of-hysterectomy
#16
António Gutierrez Setúbal, João Sequeira Alves, Olga Lavado, Joana Faria
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique of mini laparoscopic adnexectomy or salpingectomy at the time of total laparoscopic hysterectomy DESIGN: Step-by-step video explanation of our technique SETTING: The advantages of laparoscopic surgery have been widely recognised in the past two decades: improved vision, exposure, reduction in operative trauma because of smaller incisions and more gentle tissue´s handling, that result in a faster postoperative recovery. The technology development has allowed the use of smaller caliber instruments while maintaining the high standard surgical performance...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843659/rare-case-of-leiomyoma-and-adenomyosis-in-mayer-rokitansky-kuster-hauser-syndrome
#17
P S Hoo, A R Norhaslinda, J N Shah Reza
We report a case of adenomyosis which developed from a hypoplastic uterus and leiomyoma in a patient with MRKH syndrome. A 45-year-old Malay female with primary amenorrhoea and primary infertility presented with abdominal mass and abdominal pain. She is phenotypically female, has well developed secondary sexual characteristics, and has normal female external genitalia with shallow vagina dimple. Transabdominal ultrasonography showed a homogenous adnexal mass of 10 × 8 cm, uterus sized 5 × 4 cm, and normal kidneys...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824022/endoscopic-ultrasound-of-the-hepatoduodenal-ligament-and-liver-hilum
#18
Malay Sharma, Chittapuram Srinivasan Rameshbabu, Christoph F Dietrich, Praveer Rai, Raghav Bansal
The porta hepatis and hepatoduodenal ligament (HDL) are important anatomical pathways of extension of disease to and from the liver. The imaging of this area is difficult. The role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) as an imaging modality for hepatoduodenal ligament has not been established so far. All images in the present study have been generated from a detailed review of real time recordings using the curved linear scanning echoendoscope EG -3830 UT (Pentax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), coupled with a Hitachi avius and Hitach 7500 processor (Hitachi Aloka Medical, Tokyo Japan)...
November 8, 2016: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818820/an-unusual-case-of-paraganglioma-of-the-broad-ligament-presenting-as-cystic-mass
#19
Siddhi Gaurish Sinai Khandeparkar, Maithili Mandar Kulkarni, Vandana Gaopande, Avinash Joshi, Pushpalata Naphade
In clinical practice, broad ligament (BL) tumors are seldom encountered. Paraganglioma of the BL is exceedingly rare entity. Here we present an unusual case of broad ligament paraganglioma, presenting as a cystic mass, in a 50-year-old postmenopausal female. A high degree of suspicion along with detailed immunohistopathological work-up is needed for arriving at an accurate diagnosis.
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799059/a-postmenopausal-woman-with-sciatica-from-broad-ligament-leiomyoma-a-case-report
#20
Ya-Chu May Tsai
BACKGROUND: Unilateral lower abdominal pain and/or sciatic nerve pain is a common presentation in the elderly population. The prevalence of broad ligament leiomyoma is <1 % with the prevalence declining after the menopause and it is rare for broad ligament leiomyomas to be clinically significant. Thus, we highlight a case of symptomatic broad ligament leiomyoma in a postmenopausal woman whose symptoms improved after definitive treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old postmenopausal Macedonian woman was referred to our gynecological department with unexplained pain in her left leg and left iliac fossa region on walking...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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