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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636237/microperforate-hymen-presenting-with-incomplete-abortion-a-case-report
#1
Maya Padhi, Priyadarshini Tripathy, Asutosh Sahu
A 20-year-old patient with 3 months of amenorrhea presented in the labor room with bleeding per vaginum and having experienced lower abdominal pain for 2 h. She had a history of difficult intercourse and prolonged menstrual flow. Inspection revealed a bleeding point over an obstructing membrane at the level of the vaginal introitus. Subsequent vaginal examination confirmed the diagnosis of microperforate hymen. Her urine pregnancy test was positive and an ultrasound examination revealed the presence of retained products of conception in the endometrial cavity...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636095/suppression-or-knockout-of-saf-sam-overcomes-the-sa-mediated-hybrid-male-sterility-in-rice
#2
Yongyao Xie, Baixiao Niu, Yunming Long, Gousi Li, Jintao Tang, Yaling Zhang, Ding Ren, Yao-Guang Liu, Letian Chen
Hybrids between the indica and japonica subspecies of rice (Oryza sativa) are usually sterile, which hinders utilization of heterosis in the inter-subspecific hybrid breeding. The complex locus Sa comprises two adjacently located genes, SaF and SaM, which interact to cause abortion of pollen grains carrying the japonica allele in japonica-indica hybrids. Here we showed that silencing of SaF or SaM by RNA interference restored male fertility in indica-japonica hybrids with heterozygous Sa. We further used CRISPR/Cas9-based genome editing to knockout the SaF and SaM alleles respectively of an indica rice line to create hybrid-compatible lines...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635601/access-to-abortion-in-the-usa-the-legal-battle
#3
Gavin Cleaver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635530/the-effect-of-voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-on-female-sexual-and-emotional-well-being-in-different-age-groups
#4
Erika Limoncin, Angela D'Alfonso, Claudia Corallino, Vincenza Cofini, Giovanna Di Febbo, Giacomo Ciocca, Daniele Mollaioli, Felice Patacchiola, Emmanuele A Jannini, Gaspare Carta
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of voluntary termination of pregnancy (VTOP) on the psycho-sexological well-being of females before/six months after the abortion. METHODS: A sample of 194 women was recruited from three obstetrics and gynaecological divisions. The women were evaluated for the variables "sexual functioning" with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), "depression" with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and "anxiety state" with the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) at time 0 (the beginning of the abortion procedure) and time 1 (six months after the abortion)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634558/plesiomonas-shigelloides-an-unusual-cause-of-septic-abortion
#5
Gilbert Cornut, Xavier Marchand-Senecal, Christiane Gaudreau, Jeremie Berdugo, Gilles Gariepy, Catherine Tremblay, Patrice Savard
Plesiomonas shigelloides, the only oxidase-positive Enterobacteriaceae, is an inhabitant of freshwater and estuary ecosystems. We report the first possible case of Plesiomonas shigelloides-induced septic abortion. This 24-year-old female was successfully treated by dilatation and curettage as well as antimicrobial therapy.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634392/the-traditional-chinese-medicine-achyranthes-bidentata-and-our-de-novo-conception-of-its-metastatic-chemoprevention-from-phytochemistry-to-pharmacology
#6
Zhou Jiang, Jun Qian, Haiyan Dong, Jingyi Yang, Xiaobo Yu, Jianzhong Chen, Hongning Chen, Qing Shi, Lee Jia
Our recent biosystems analysis revealed similarities between embryonic implantation and cancer cell adhesion, which suggests that abortifacients may be good for safe and effective metastatic chemoprevention targeting circulating tumor cells (CTC). Here we test the hypothesis by using the well-known abortion herb Achyranthes bidentata Blume (A. bidentata). Five compounds were separated from the herb root. Among them, ginsenoside Ro was the most potent in inhibiting embryonic implantation within non-cytotoxic concentrations...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634235/mechanistic-elucidation-of-the-mycofactocin-biosynthetic-radical-s-adenosylmethionine-protein-mftc
#7
Bulat Khaliullin, Richard Ayikpoe, Mason Tuttle, John A Latham
Ribosomally synthesized and posttranslationally modified peptide (RiPP) pathways produce a diverse array of natural products. A subset of these pathways depend on radical S-adenosylmethionine (RS) proteins to modify the RiPP-produced peptide. Mycofactocin biosynthesis is one example of an RS protein-dependent RiPP pathway. Recently, it has been shown that MftC catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of the C-terminal tyrosine (Tyr30) on the mycofactocin precursor peptide MftA; however, this product has not been verified by techniques other than MS...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633263/structural-valve-deterioration-of-a-subcoronary-implanted-stentless-bioprosthesis-how-to-treat
#8
Eva Karolina Harmel, Lenard Conradi, Ulrich Schäfer, Florian Deuschl, Niklas Schofer, Stefan Blankenberg, Hermann Reichenspurner, Evaldas Girdauskas
We present a case of transcatheter valve-in-valve replacement performed because of structural valve deterioration of a subcoronary implanted stentless aortic bioprosthesis. A 23-mm self-expandable transcatheter heart valve (THV) with supraannular seating was chosen. The procedure was performed with the patient under conscious sedation. After anchoring and partial valve deployment, the patient experienced an acute onset of angina. The angiogram showed left main coronary artery obstruction. Prompt resheathing and retrieval of the THV was performed, and the procedure was aborted...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632953/updates-to-the-us-food-and-drug-administration-regulations-for-mifepristone-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-access-to-abortion
#9
Katherine E Simmonds, Margaret W Beal, Meghan K Eagen-Torkko
This article provides information on recent changes in the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) labeling and safety regulations for mifepristone (Mifeprex). The revised label now permits midwives, advanced practice nurses, and physician assistants to order and prescribe mifepristone, eliminating the requirement for physician supervision. The updated label also extends eligibility for use from 49 to 70 days' gestation and decreases the number of required visits from 3 to 2. The recommended dose of mifepristone has been reduced, and the dosage, timing, and route of administration for misoprostol have also been changed to reflect current research...
May 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632355/changes-in-the-abortion-legislation-in-ireland-the-protection-of-life-during-pregnancy-act-2013
#10
Celia Burrell, Malcolm Griffiths
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631406/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-kenyan-postabortion-care-services-using-a-nationally-representative-sample
#11
Michael M Mutua, Thomas N O Achia, Beatrice W Maina, Chimaraoke O Izugbara
OBJECTIVE: To assess quality of postabortion care (PAC) offered by Kenyan healthcare facilities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using data from the Incidence and Magnitude of Unsafe Abortions study, conducted among 326 PAC-providing healthcare facilities throughout Kenya from March 13 to June 30, 2012. Descriptive results with weighted proportions and an ordered probit model were used. RESULTS: Overall, 408 (41.8%) first-trimester PAC cases were treated using appropriate technology versus 826 (82...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631316/recannulation-of-the-axillary-artery-in-aortic-and-complex-cardiac-surgery
#12
Philippa Jane Temple Bowers, Manu Narain Mathur
OBJECTIVES: Axillary artery cannulation has been used as an alternative site for cardiopulmonary bypass during surgery for aortic dissections and aneurysmal disease of the ascending aorta and arch. This study reports our experience with reusing the axillary artery for cardiopulmonary bypass during complex aortic and cardiac surgical procedures. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a single surgeon's experience of recannulating the axillary artery for redo operations in complex aortic surgery...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630554/abortion-care-in-nepal-15-years-after-legalization-gaps-in-access-equity-and-quality
#13
Wan-Ju Wu, Sheela Maru, Kiran Regmi, Indira Basnett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630553/australia-abortion-and-human-rights
#14
Ronli Sifris, Suzanne Belton
This article adopts a human rights lens to consider Australian law and practice regarding elective abortion. As such, it considers Australian laws within the context of the right to equality, right to privacy, right to health, and right to life. After setting out the human rights framework and noting the connected nature of many of the rights (and their corresponding violations), the article shifts its focus to analyzing Australian law and practice within the framework of these rights. It considers the importance of decriminalizing abortion and regulating it as a standard medical procedure...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630552/decriminalization-and-women-s-access-to-abortion-in-australia
#15
Barbara Baird
This article considers the relationship between the decriminalization of abortion and women's access to abortion services. It focuses on the four Australian jurisdictions which are, with Canada, the only jurisdictions in the world where abortion has been removed from the criminal law. This paper draws on documentary evidence and an oral history project to give a "before and after" account of each jurisdiction. The paper assumes that the meaning and impact of decriminalization must be assessed in each local context...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630551/exploring-legal-restrictions-regulatory-reform-and-geographic-disparities-in-abortion-access-in-thailand
#16
Grady Arnott, Grace Sheehy, Orawee Chinthakanan, Angel M Foster
Despite decades of advocacy among Thai governmental and nongovernmental actors to remove abortion from the country's 1957 Criminal Code, this medically necessary service remains significantly legally restricted. In 2005, in the most recent regulatory reform to date, the Thai Medical Council established regulatory measures to allow a degree of physician interpretation within the confines of the existing law. Drawing on findings from a review of institutional policies and legislative materials, key informant interviews, and informal discussions with health service providers, government representatives, and nonprofit stakeholders, this article explores how legal reforms and health policies have shaped the abortion landscape in Thailand and influenced geographic disparities in availability and accessibility...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630550/macro-and-micro-political-vernaculizations-of-rights-human-rights-and-abortion-discourses-in-northern-ireland
#17
Claire Pierson, Fiona Bloomer
How abortion is dealt with in law and policy is shaped through the multiple political and societal discourses on the issue within a particular society. Debate on abortion is constantly in flux, with progressive and regressive movements witnessed globally. This paper examines the translation of human rights norms into discourses on abortion in Northern Ireland, a region where abortion is highly restricted, with extensive contemporary public debate into potential liberalization of abortion law. This paper emanates from research examining political debates on abortion in Northern Ireland and contrasts findings with recent civil society developments, identifying competing narratives of human rights with regard to abortion at the macro- and micro-political level...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630549/why-is-a-good-abortion-law-not-enough-the-case-of-estonia
#18
Liiri Oja
There are various ways to critically discuss abortion. Constructing or finding the most suitable analytical framework-whether rooted in legal formalism, socio-legal considerations, or comparativism-always depends on the country of subject and whether the analysis is for litigation, advocacy, or more theoretical purposes. This paper offers a model for analyzing abortion in Estonia in order to connect it as a thought-provoking case study to the ongoing transnational abortion discussions. I set out by describing the Estonian Abortion Act as a "good abortion law": a regulation that guarantees in practice women's legal access to safe abortion...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630548/the-moderating-influence-of-international-courts-on-social-movements-evidence-from-the-ivf-case-against-costa-rica
#19
Julieta Lemaitre, Rachel Sieder
Feminists and religious conservatives across the globe have increasingly turned to courts in their battles over abortion. Yet while a significant literature analyzes legal mobilization on abortion issues, it tends to focus predominantly on domestic scenarios. In this article, we consider the effects of this contentious engagement of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in international human rights fora, asking what happens to social movement claims when they reach international human rights courts. We answer the question through a detailed description of a single case, Gretel Artavia Murillo et al...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630547/abortion-rights-legal-mobilization-in-the-peruvian-media-1990-2015
#20
Camila Gianella
State and non-state actors engaged in disputes to expand and limit abortion rights have engaged in legal mobilization-in other words, strategies using rights and law as a central tool for advancing contested political goals. Peru, like other Latin American countries, has experienced an increase in abortion rights legal mobilization in recent years, including litigation before national and international courts. This paper centers on societal legal mobilization, or the legal mobilization that occurs outside the legislative and judicial branches and that includes strategies promoted by the executive branch, political actors, and non-partisan organizations and individuals...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
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