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Early social communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443038/mother-infant-and-extra-dyadic-interactions-with-a-new-social-partner-developmental-trajectories-of-early-social-abilities-during-play
#1
Roberta Fadda, Loredana Lucarelli
Mother-infant interactions during feeding and play are pivotal experiences in the development of infants' early social abilities (Stern, 1985, 1995; Biringen, 2000). Stern indicated distinctive characteristics of mother-infant interactions, respectively, during feeding and play, suggesting to evaluate both to better describe the complexity of such early affective and social experiences (Stern, 1996). Moreover, during the first years of life, infants acquire cognitive and social skills that allow them to interact with new social partners in extra-dyadic interactions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438076/increased-work-and-social-engagement-is-associated-with-increased-stroke-specific-quality-of-life-in-stroke-survivors-at-3%C3%A2-months-and-12-months-post-stroke-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-australian-stroke-cohort
#2
Tamara Tse, Siti Zubaidah Binte Yusoff, Leonid Churilov, Henry Ma, Stephen Davis, Geoffrey Alan Donnan, Leeanne M Carey
BACKGROUND: There is a relative lack of longitudinal studies investigating stroke-specific outcomes and quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to identify which factors (level of disability, cognitive functioning, depressive symptoms, physical activity, and work and social engagement) were independently associated with each stroke-specific domain of QOL, adjusting for age and gender, at 3 months and 12 months post-stroke in an Australian cohort. METHOD: Survivors of ischemic stroke were recruited from 18 sites of the STroke imAging pRevention and Treatment (START) longitudinal cohort study...
April 24, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438027/attitudes-towards-homosexuals-in-seven-caribbean-countries-implications-for-an-effective-hiv-response
#3
Eduard J Beck, Kenika Espinosa, Tanisha Ash, Peter Wickham, Christine Barrow, Ernest Massiah, Ben Alli, Cesar Nunez
Between 2000 and 2015, the number of people newly infected with HIV in the Caribbean decreased by 76% and HIV-related deaths by 42%. The number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) increased from near zero to 50% (44% to 57%) in 2015. In many Caribbean countries communities of men-who-have-sex-with-other-men (MSM) have higher incidence and prevalence of HIV. They are often stigmatized and subjected to both social and institutional discrimination. This study compared attitudes of the general public obtained through public opinion polls 2013-2014 towards homosexuals and willingness to socialize with them in seven Caribbean countries...
April 24, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436545/training-basic-visual-attention-leads-to-changes-in-responsiveness-to-social-communicative-cues-in-9-month-olds
#4
Linda Forssman, Sam V Wass
This study investigated transfer effects of gaze-interactive attention training to more complex social and cognitive skills in infancy. Seventy 9-month-olds were assigned to a training group (n = 35) or an active control group (n = 35). Before, after, and at 6-week follow-up both groups completed an assessment battery assessing transfer to nontrained aspects of attention control, including table top tasks assessing social attention in seminaturalistic contexts. Transfer effects were found on nontrained screen-based tasks but importantly also on a structured observation task assessing the infants' likelihood to respond to an adult's social-communication cues...
April 24, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436053/measuring-family-centred-practices-of-professionals-in-early-intervention-services-in-taiwan
#5
L-J Kang, R J Palisano, R J Simeonsson, A-W Hwang
BACKGROUND: Family-centred practices emphasize professional supports for forming partnerships with families in early intervention. The Measure of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) measures the perceptions of paediatric service providers in supporting children and families. This study aimed to establish reliability of the Chinese version of the MPOC-SP (C-MPOC-SP) and to examine professional perceptions of family-centred practices in relation to professional discipline and years of experience...
April 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434427/prenatal-fish-oil-supplementation-and-early-childhood-development-in-the-upstate-kids-study
#6
K Vollet, A Ghassabian, R Sundaram, N Chahal, E H Yeung
Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids, which play a vital role in fetal growth and development. In utero exposure to omega-3 fatty acids is exclusively dependent on maternal nutrition. Previous studies have suggested that prenatal fish oil supplementation has positive impacts on child neurodevelopment later in life. This study examines the associations between fish oil supplementation both before pregnancy and throughout pregnancy and subsequent child development. Mother-child pairs from the Upstate KIDS Study, a birth cohort consisting of children born between 2008 and 2010, were included...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429816/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effect-of-promoting-caregiver-contingent-talk-on-language-development-in-infants-from-diverse-socioeconomic-status-backgrounds
#7
Michelle McGillion, Julian M Pine, Jane S Herbert, Danielle Matthews
BACKGROUND: Early language skills are critical for later academic success. Lower socioeconomic status (SES) children tend to start school with limited language skills compared to advantaged peers. We test the hypothesis that this is due in part to differences in caregiver contingent talk during infancy (how often the caregiver talks about what is in the focus of the infant's attention). METHODS: In a randomised controlled trial with high and low SES families, 142 11-month olds and their caregivers were randomly allocated to either a contingent talk intervention or a dental health control...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422986/a-critical-like-collective-state-leads-to-long-range-cell-communication-in-dictyostelium-discoideum-aggregation
#8
Giovanna De Palo, Darvin Yi, Robert G Endres
The transition from single-cell to multicellular behavior is important in early development but rarely studied. The starvation-induced aggregation of the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum into a multicellular slug is known to result from single-cell chemotaxis towards emitted pulses of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). However, how exactly do transient, short-range chemical gradients lead to coherent collective movement at a macroscopic scale? Here, we developed a multiscale model verified by quantitative microscopy to describe behaviors ranging widely from chemotaxis and excitability of individual cells to aggregation of thousands of cells...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422613/the-impact-of-prospective-telemedicine-implementation-in-the-management-of-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-recife-brazil
#9
Francisco Pedrosa, Faisal Shaikh, Gaston Rivera, Raul Ribeiro, Ibrahim Qaddoumi
BACKGROUND: A gap in childhood cancer outcomes remains between developed and developing countries. Persistence of this gap may be caused by financial, social, or educational disparities. Twinning and distance learning initiatives may improve such disparities. Integrating telemedicine into pediatric oncology twinning programs enhances education and facilitates patient-centered capacity building. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed an analysis of Web-based meetings held from August 2005 through July 2009 between the International Outreach Program at St...
April 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#10
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418746/risk-and-outbreak-communication-lessons-from-taiwan-s-experiences-in-the-post-sars-era
#11
Yu-Chen Hsu, Yu-Ling Chen, Han-Ning Wei, Yu-Wen Yang, Ying-Hwei Chen
In addition to the impact of a disease itself, public reaction could be considered another outbreak to be controlled during an epidemic. Taiwan's experience with SARS in 2003 highlighted the critical role played by the media during crisis communication. After the SARS outbreak, Taiwan's Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) followed the WHO outbreak communication guidelines on trust, early announcements, transparency, informing the public, and planning, in order to reform its risk communication systems. This article describes the risk communication framework in Taiwan, which has been used to respond to the 2009-2016 influenza epidemics, Ebola in West Africa (2014-16), and MERS-CoV in South Korea (2015) during the post-SARS era...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418261/preschool-children-s-communication-motor-and-social-development-parents-and-educators-concerns
#12
Sharynne McLeod, Kathryn Crowe, Jane McCormack, Paul White, Yvonne Wren, Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: During early childhood, it is important to identify which children require intervention before they face the increased demands of school. This study aimed to: (1) compare parents' and educators' concerns, (2) examine inter-rater reliability between parents' and educators' concerns and (3) determine the group difference between level of concern and children's performance on clinical testing. METHOD: Parents and educators of 1205 4- to 5-year-old children in the Sound Start Study completed the Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417062/community-partnerships-in-healthy-eating-and-lifestyle-promotion-a-network-analysis
#13
Ruopeng An, Emily Loehmer, Naiman Khan, Marci K Scott, Kimbirly Rindfleisch, Jennifer McCaffrey
Promoting healthy eating and lifestyles among populations with limited resources is a complex undertaking that often requires strong partnerships between various agencies. In local communities, these agencies are typically located in different areas, serve diverse subgroups, and operate distinct programs, limiting their communication and interactions with each other. This study assessed the network of agencies in local communities that promote healthy eating and lifestyles among populations with limited resources...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411449/prenatal-concentrations-of-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-early-communication-development-in-british-girls
#14
Zuha Jeddy, Terryl J Hartman, Ethel V Taylor, Cayla Poteete, Katarzyna Kordas
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), found in many household products and classed as endocrine disrupting chemicals, can be transferred through the placenta and are associated with multiple developmental deficits in offspring. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), we investigated the association between intrauterine exposure to PFAS and early communication development in 432 mother-daughter dyads at 15 and 38months of age. Concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA) were measured in maternal serum collected during pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408872/social-interaction-affects-neural-outcomes-of-sign-language-learning-as-a-foreign-language-in-adults
#15
Noriaki Yusa, Jungho Kim, Masatoshi Koizumi, Motoaki Sugiura, Ryuta Kawashima
Children naturally acquire a language in social contexts where they interact with their caregivers. Indeed, research shows that social interaction facilitates lexical and phonological development at the early stages of child language acquisition. It is not clear, however, whether the relationship between social interaction and learning applies to adult second language acquisition of syntactic rules. Does learning second language syntactic rules through social interactions with a native speaker or without such interactions impact behavior and the brain? The current study aims to answer this question...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408725/screening-for-developmental-delay-in-preschool-aged-children-using-parent-completed-ages-and-stages-questionnaires-additional-insights-into-child-development
#16
Soheir S Abo El Elella, Maha A M Tawfik, Wafaa Moustafa M Abo El Fotoh, Naglaa Fathy Barseem
BACKGROUND: Developmental delay is a delay in areas of speech, language, motor, social and cognitive development. Because of the negative impact of intellectual and learning disabilities, early identification of children with developmental and behavioral problems using appropriate screening tests is crucial. OBJECTIVES: Utilization of parent-completed Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQs) for detecting the developmental delay in preschool age children and clarification of possible associated risk factors...
April 13, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407233/language-disorder-and-retrospectively-reported-sexual-abuse-of-girls-severity-and-disclosure
#17
E B Brownlie, Eva Graham, Lin Bao, Emiko Koyama, Joseph H Beitchman
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging evidence for an association between communication disorders and maltreatment, little research has examined sexual abuse characteristics or disclosure experiences among individuals with language disorder (LD). Given that communication difficulties may constitute a barrier to disclosure, the disclosure experiences among individuals with and without communication difficulties may also differ. METHODS: Five-year-old children identified with a language and/or speech disorder from a nonclinical community sample and a control group were followed to adulthood in a prospective longitudinal study...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399932/guideline-recommendations-for-diagnosis-and-clinical-management-of-ring14-syndrome-first-report-of-an-ad-hoc-task-force
#18
REVIEW
Berardo Rinaldi, Alessandro Vaisfeld, Sergio Amarri, Chiara Baldo, Giuseppe Gobbi, Pamela Magini, Erto Melli, Giovanni Neri, Francesca Novara, Tommaso Pippucci, Romana Rizzi, Annarosa Soresina, Laura Zampini, Orsetta Zuffardi, Marco Crimi
BACKGROUND: Ring chromosome 14 syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder characterized by early onset refractory epilepsy, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder and a number of diverse health issues. RESULTS: The aim of this work is to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and management of persons affected by ring chromosome 14 syndrome based on evidence from literature and experience of health professionals from different medical backgrounds who have followed for several years subjects affected by ring chromosome 14 syndrome...
April 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399923/making-good-on-a-call-to-expand-method-choice-for-young-people-turning-rhetoric-into-reality-for-addressing-sustainable-development-goal-three
#19
Fariyal Fatma Fikree, Catharine Lane, Callie Simon, Gwyn Hainsworth, Patricia MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Investments in the nearly two billion young people, aged 10-24 years, in the world today are necessary to meet global development commitments, specifically the Sustainable Development Goals and Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths. More than 12 million married and unmarried adolescents (aged 15-19) will give birth in 2016. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the second leading cause of death among 15-19 year-old women and early childbearing can significantly curtail social and economic prospects for young women...
April 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398663/early-childhood-development-of-boys-with-genital-anomalies
#20
Francisco J Schneuer, Jason P Bentley, Andrew J A Holland, Samantha J Lain, Sarra E Jamieson, Nadia Badawi, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Male genital anomalies often require surgery in early life to address functional and cosmetic consequences. However, there has been little assessment of developmental outcomes of affected boys. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study of all boys born in New South Wales, Australia, and undergoing school-entry developmental assessment in 2009 or 2012. Health and developmental information was obtained by means of record-linkage of birth, hospital and Australian Early Development Census data...
March 31, 2017: Birth Defects Res
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