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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727482/atypical-preference-for-infant-directed-speech-as-an-early-marker-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-literature-review-and-directions-for-further-research
#1
Marisa G Filipe, Linda Watson, Selene G Vicente, Sónia Frota
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) refer to a complex group of neurodevelopmental disorders causing difficulties with communication and interpersonal relationships, as well as restricted and repetitive behaviours and interests. As early identification, diagnosis, and intervention provide better long-term outcomes, early markers of ASD have gained increased research attention. This review examines evidence that auditory processing enhanced by social interest, in particular auditory preference of speech directed towards infants and young children (i...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724738/early-life-manipulations-of-vasopressin-family-peptides-alter-vocal-learning
#2
Nicole M Baran, Samantha C Peck, Tabitha H Kim, Michael H Goldstein, Elizabeth Adkins-Regan
Vocal learning from social partners is crucial for the successful development of communication in a wide range of species. Social interactions organize attention and enhance motivation to learn species-typical behaviour. However, the neurobiological mechanisms connecting social motivation and vocal learning are unknown. Using zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata), a ubiquitous model for vocal learning, we show that manipulations of nonapeptide hormones in the vasopressin family (arginine vasotocin, AVT) early in development can promote or disrupt both song and social motivation...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718963/peer-support-for-families-of-children-with-complex-needs-development-and-dissemination-of-a-best-practice-toolkit
#3
J Schippke, C Provvidenza, S Kingsnorth
BACKGROUND: Benefits of peer support interventions for families of children with disabilities and complex medical needs have been described in the literature. An opportunity to create an evidence-informed resource to synthesize best practices in peer support for program providers was identified. The objective of this paper is to describe the key activities used to develop and disseminate the Peer Support Best Practice Toolkit. METHODS: This project was led by a team of knowledge translation experts at a large pediatric rehabilitation hospital using a knowledge exchange framework...
July 18, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709194/effects-of-communication-burstiness-on-consensus-formation-and-tipping-points-in-social-dynamics
#4
C Doyle, B K Szymanski, G Korniss
Current models for opinion dynamics typically utilize a Poisson process for speaker selection, making the waiting time between events exponentially distributed. Human interaction tends to be bursty though, having higher probabilities of either extremely short waiting times or long periods of silence. To quantify the burstiness effects on the dynamics of social models, we place in competition two groups exhibiting different speakers' waiting-time distributions. These competitions are implemented in the binary naming game and show that the relevant aspect of the waiting-time distribution is the density of the head rather than that of the tail...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705637/-do-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-have-a-diferent-gait-pattern-relationship-between-idiopathic-toe-walking-and-adhd
#5
Víctor Soto Insuga, Beatriz Moreno Vinués, Rebeca Losada Del Pozo, María Rodrigo Moreno, Marta Martínez González, Raquel Cutillas Ruiz, Carmen Mateos Carmen
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic toe-walking (ITW) is described as a gait pattern with no contact between the heels and the ground in children older than 3years. The diagnosis is clinical, making it necessary to rule out other neurological and orthopaedic conditions. A relationship between ITW and vestibular dysfunction and/or proprioceptive sensibility has been proposed. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders (autism, language and cognitive disorders) often have ITW. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of ITW in children with attention deficit disorder and hyperactivity (ADHD)...
July 10, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705261/-cutting-non-suicidal-self-injury-nssi-on-instagram
#6
R C Brown, T Fischer, A D Goldwich, F Keller, R Young, P L Plener
BACKGROUND: Social media presents an important means for social interaction, especially among adolescents, with Instagram being the most popular platform in this age-group. Pictures and communication about non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) can frequently be found on the internet. METHODS: During 4 weeks in April 2016, n = 2826 (from n = 1154 accounts) pictures which directly depicted wounds on Instagram were investigated. Those pictures, associated comments, and user accounts were independently rated for content...
July 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704714/current-status-of-biological-treatment-options-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Valsamma Eapen, Laura Nicholls, Vanessa Spagnol, Nisha E Mathew
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) are characterised by deficits in social communication and restricted and repetitive behaviours. With an onset in early childhood, ASDs are thought to be heterogeneous, both genetically and clinically. This has led to the notion that "autism" is "autisms", however, there has been limited progress in understanding the different subgroups and the unique pathogenesis that would then allow targeted intervention. Although existing treatments are mainly symptom focussed, research is beginning to unravel the underlying genetic and molecular pathways, structural and functional neuronal circuitry involvement and the associated neurochemicals...
July 6, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704577/parenting-stress-and-development-of-late-preterm-infants-at-4-months-corrected-age
#8
Muhammad K Mughal, Carla S Ginn, Joyce Magill-Evans, Karen M Benzies
Parenting stress has been linked to child development issues in early preterm infants, but less is known about its effects on development in infants born late preterm. We examined relationships between parenting stress of 108 mothers and 108 fathers and development of late preterm infants born at 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation. At 4 months corrected age, mothers and fathers completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI-3); mothers were primary caregivers in almost all families and completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-2) on child development...
July 13, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694239/assessing-suicide-risk-and-emotional-distress-in-chinese-social-media-a-text-mining-and-machine-learning-study
#9
Qijin Cheng, Tim Mh Li, Chi-Leung Kwok, Tingshao Zhu, Paul Sf Yip
BACKGROUND: Early identification and intervention are imperative for suicide prevention. However, at-risk people often neither seek help nor take professional assessment. A tool to automatically assess their risk levels in natural settings can increase the opportunity for early intervention. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore whether computerized language analysis methods can be utilized to assess one's suicide risk and emotional distress in Chinese social media...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691957/empirically-identified-subgroups-of-children-served-in-part-c-early-intervention-programs
#10
Batya Elbaum, Seniz Celimli-Aksoy
OBJECTIVE: Early intervention (EI) programs under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act serve a developmentally heterogeneous population of infants and toddlers with or at risk of developmental delays or disabilities. The aim of this study was to identify empirically distinct subgroups of children in EI so as to inform early prognosis and service planning. METHODS: We applied mixture modeling to developmental assessment data from 1513 children who enrolled in a large, urban EI program between 2009 and 2013...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691180/examining-the-association-between-language-expository-discourse-and-offending-behaviour-an-investigation-of-direction-strength-and-independence
#11
Thomas Hopkins, Judy Clegg, Joy Stackhouse
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) is reported in the population of Young Offenders (YO). However, little is known about the extent of the association between language and offending behaviour relative to social disadvantage, education attendance and non-verbal intelligence (IQ), and neither has this association been investigated with particular reference to the expository discourse abilities of YOs on community orders in the UK. AIMS: This study aimed to examine the direction and strength of the association between language and offending behaviour by comparing the receptive and expressive language and expository discourse abilities of male and female YOs and non-offenders in the UK, relative to the confounds of social disadvantage, years of education attended and non-verbal IQ...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690578/unconscious-processing-of-facial-expressions-in-individuals-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#12
Xiaozhe Peng, Fang Cui, Ting Wang, Can Jiao
Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) is characterized by impairments in social communication and the avoidance of social contact. Facial expression processing is the basis of social communication. However, few studies have investigated how individuals with IGD process facial expressions, and whether they have deficits in emotional facial processing remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to explore these two issues by investigating the time course of emotional facial processing in individuals with IGD. A backward masking task was used to investigate the differences between individuals with IGD and normal controls (NC) in the processing of subliminally presented facial expressions (sad, happy, and neutral) with event-related potentials (ERPs)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687681/communication-changes-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
REVIEW
Nick Miller
This review looks at the nature and impact of communication changes in Parkinson's disease, approaches to assessment and directions for intervention. This is especially important since medical and surgical interventions that help limb movement are largely ineffective, or even detrimental, for speech. Most people with Parkinson's disease notice changes to their communication. Voice alters early on-even in the prodromal stage. Later, articulation may impair intelligibility further. These changes impact on mood and social participation...
July 7, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686564/asperger-syndrome-and-schizophrenia-%C3%AE-eurodevelopmental-continuum-or-separated-clinical-entities
#14
Chr Anomitri, H Lazaratou
This article is an overview of the literature on Asperger's syndrome and schizophrenia and aim to discuss their similarities and differences. Eugen Bleuler who associated the terms "schizophrenia" and "autism" a century ago, viewed autism as a form of solitude of schizophrenic patients representing withdrawal from reality. Ever since, there has been confusion as to the boundaries between these conditions. Nowadays recent research, from a variety of perspectives-genomics, neurodevelopment, psychiatry, etc. has given new information on these conditions...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683562/gaze-to-faces-across-interactive-contexts-in-infants-at-heightened-risk-for-autism
#15
Devon N Gangi, A J Schwichtenberg, Ana-Maria Iosif, Gregory S Young, Fam Baguio, Sally Ozonoff
Infant social-communicative behavior, such as gaze to the face of an interactive partner, is an important early developmental skill. Children with autism spectrum disorder exhibit atypicalities in social-communicative behavior, including gaze and eye contact. Behavioral differences in infancy may serve as early markers of autism spectrum disorder and help identify individuals at highest risk for developing the disorder. Researchers often assess social-communicative behavior in a single interactive context, such as during assessment with an unfamiliar examiner or play with a parent...
July 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679837/neuronal-networks-in-the-developing-brain-are-adversely-modulated-by-early-psychosocial-neglect
#16
Catherine Stamoulis, Ross E Vanderwert, Charles H Zeanah, Nathan A Fox, Charles A Nelson
The brain's neural circuitry plays a ubiquitous role across domains in cognitive processing and undergoes extensive re-organization during the course of development in part as a result of experience. In this paper we investigated the effects of profound early psychosocial neglect associated with institutional rearing on the development of task-independent brain networks, estimated from longitudinally acquired electroencephalographic (EEG) data from <30 to 96 months, in three cohorts of children from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP), including abandoned children reared in institutions who were randomly assigned either to a foster care intervention or to remain in care as usual and never institutionalized children...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673921/two-social-brains-neural-mechanisms-of-intersubjectivity
#17
REVIEW
Kai Vogeley
It is the aim of this article to present an empirically justified hypothesis about the functional roles of the two social neural systems, namely the so-called 'mirror neuron system' (MNS) and the 'mentalizing system' (MENT, also 'theory of mind network' or 'social neural network'). Both systems are recruited during cognitive processes that are either related to interaction or communication with other conspecifics, thereby constituting intersubjectivity. The hypothesis is developed in the following steps: first, the fundamental distinction that we make between persons and things is introduced; second, communication is presented as the key process that allows us to interact with others; third, the capacity to 'mentalize' or to understand the inner experience of others is emphasized as the fundamental cognitive capacity required to establish successful communication...
August 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671050/outcome-instruments-in-moderate-to-severe-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-recommendations-for-use-in-psychosocial-research
#18
Cynthia A Honan, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Tamara Ownsworth, Leanne Togher, Jennifer Fleming, Vicki Anderson, Angela Morgan, Cathy Catroppa, Jacinta Douglas, Heather Francis, Travis Wearne, Linda Sigmundsdottir, Jennie Ponsford
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can reduce psychosocial functioning, causing relationship, family, and employment difficulties. The present study by Moving Ahead: Centre for Research Excellence (CRE) in Brain Recovery aimed to identify a set of adult outcome instruments for moderate-to-severe TBI psychosocial research. PROCEDURE: A review of 115 instruments (identified through nomination, literature search, and international expert opinion) was conducted over a 15-month period...
July 2, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663732/preserved-crossmodal-integration-of-emotional-signals-in-binge-drinking
#19
Séverine Lannoy, Valérie Dormal, Mélanie Brion, Joël Billieux, Pierre Maurage
Binge drinking is an alcohol consumption pattern with various psychological and cognitive consequences. As binge drinking showed qualitatively comparable cognitive impairments to those reported in alcohol-dependence, a continuum hypothesis suggests that this habit would be a first step toward alcohol-related disorders. Besides these cognitive impairments, alcohol-dependence is also characterized by large-scale deficits in emotional processing, particularly in crossmodal contexts, and these abilities have scarcely been explored in binge drinking...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660313/early-motor-delays-as-diagnostic-clues-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Susan R Harris
Early identification of autism facilitates referral for early intervention services, shown to be effective in enhancing parent-child interaction as well as adaptive behavior, communication, and socialization. Traditional hallmarks for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) include deficits in social communication and social interaction as well as stereotypic or repetitive behavioral patterns. Research during the past decade suggests that developmental motor delays during early childhood may also be important predictors of this difficult-to-make diagnosis...
June 28, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
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