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Early social communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035974/altered-ultrasonic-vocalization-in-neonatal-sapap3-deficient-mice
#1
Natalya S Tesdahl, Danielle K King, Latisha N McDaniel, Andrew A Pieper
Ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) in neonatal mice provide a means of modeling communication deficits in neurodevelopmental disorders. Mature mice deficient in SAP90/PSD95-associated protein 3 (SAPAP3) display compulsive grooming and anxiety-like behavior, conditions that are often associated with neurodevelopmental disorders. To date, however, aspects of neurodevelopment have not been investigated in SAPAP3-deficient mice. Here, we examined whether neonatal SAPAP3-deficient mice display altered USVs. We recorded USVs from 5-day-old sapap3 and sapap3 mice, and also monitored developmental reflexes in these mice during the early postnatal period...
October 13, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021769/interpersonal-coordination-methods-achievements-and-challenges
#2
REVIEW
Carlos Cornejo, Zamara Cuadros, Ricardo Morales, Javiera Paredes
Research regarding interpersonal coordination can be traced back to the early 1960s when video recording began to be utilized in communication studies. Since then, technological advances have extended the range of techniques that can be used to accurately study interactional phenomena. Although such a diversity of methods contributes to the improvement of knowledge concerning interpersonal coordination, it has become increasingly difficult to maintain a comprehensive view of the field. In the present article, we review the main capture methods by describing their major findings, levels of description and limitations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019629/health-disparities-and-child-development-after-prematurity
#3
Frances A Carter, Michael E Msall
There is increased recognition that preterm neonates require sequential surveillance to capture the spectrum of coordination, communication, learning, and behavior regulation disorders that may occur in the first 5 years of life and beyond. In particular, the framework of follow-up needs to go beyond the detection of cerebral palsy, blindness, and deafness in the first 2 years of life for only those at highest preterm risk (ie, <28 weeks gestation, with combinations of severe cranial sonographic abnormalities, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retinopathy of prematurity)...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984294/perinatal-immune-activation-produces-persistent-sleep-alterations-and-epileptiform-activity-in-male-mice
#4
Galen Missig, Emery L Mokler, James O Robbins, Abigail J Alexander, Christopher J McDougle, William A Carlezon
Increasing evidence suggests a role for inflammation in neuropsychiatric conditions including autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous work in rodents has established that immune activation during critical developmental periods can cause phenotypes that reproduce core features of ASD, including decreased social interaction, aberrant communication, and increased repetitive behavior. In humans, ASD is frequently associated with co-morbid medical conditions including sleep disorders, motor hyperactivity, and seizures...
October 6, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982825/detectaweb-project-study-protocol-of-a-web-based-detection-of-mental-health-of-children-and-adolescents
#5
Jose A Piqueras, Mariola Garcia-Olcina, Maria Rivera-Riquelme, Tiscar Rodriguez-Jimenez, Agustin E Martinez-Gonzalez, Pim Cuijpers
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, research and practice addressing mental health has been conducted within a unidimensional model, explaining mental health as the presence/absence of psychological problems (distress or psychopathological symptoms). More recently, accumulative evidence has supported a bi-dimensional model, which conceptualises psychological problems and psychological strengths (well-being) as related-yet-distinct continua that, when considered together, yields a more comprehensive understanding of individuals...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981330/defining-what-matters-most-to-patients
#6
Tracey Coleby
Advanced communication skills are needed to identify patients' needs and provide the psychological and social support they require. Meanwhile, early access to palliative care will improve symptom control.
September 5, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979199/empathy-pain-and-attention-cues-that-predict-pain-stimulation-to-the-partner-and-the-self-capture-visual-attention
#7
Lingdan Wu, Ursula Kirmse, Tobias Flaisch, Ganna Boiandina, Anna Kenter, Harald T Schupp
Empathy motivates helping and cooperative behaviors and plays an important role in social interactions and personal communication. The present research examined the hypothesis that a state of empathy guides attention towards stimuli significant to others in a similar way as to stimuli relevant to the self. Sixteen couples in romantic partnerships were examined in a pain-related empathy paradigm including an anticipation phase and a stimulation phase. Abstract visual symbols (i.e., arrows and flashes) signaled the delivery of a Pain or Nopain stimulus to the partner or the self while dense sensor event-related potentials (ERPs) were simultaneously recorded from both persons...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976644/ask-an-anatomist-identifying-global-trends-topics-and-themes-of-academic-anatomists-using-twitter
#8
Madeleine J Marsland, Michelle D Lazarus
Social media (SoMe) is increasingly used in higher education (HE) to access knowledge and enable global communication. The SoMe platform Twitter(®) is particularly beneficial in these contexts because it is readily accessible, easily searchable (via hashtags) and global. Given these advantages, the twitter platform @AskAnatomist was created to foster a global weekly tweet chat, where students and academics can ask and address anatomy-related questions. The aim of this study was to identify themes arising in the early stages of the @AskAnatomy Twitter community to gain insights into current needs/key areas for academic anatomists, students, and other followers...
October 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965004/perceived-social-support-in-african-american-breast-cancer-patients-predictors-and-effects
#9
Tess Thompson, Maria Pérez, Matthew Kreuter, Julie Margenthaler, Graham Colditz, Donna B Jeffe
RATIONALE: Social support plays an important role in quality of life and health outcomes after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in perceived social support in African American women during the two years following a new breast cancer diagnosis. METHODS: This secondary analysis uses data collected from 2009 to 2015 from 227 newly diagnosed, African American women with breast cancer (mean age 56 [SD = 10], 59% household income < $25,000; 28% married/partnered, 72% early stage) participating in a randomized controlled trial testing the effects of a video-communication intervention on quality-of-life and follow-up care...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963042/behavioral-phenotypes-and-neurobiological-mechanisms-in-the-shank1-mouse-model-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-translational-perspective
#10
REVIEW
A Özge Sungur, Rainer K W Schwarting, Markus Wöhr
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders, characterized by early-onset deficits in social behavior and communication across multiple contexts, together with restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. ASD is among the most heritable neuropsychiatric conditions with heritability estimates higher than 80%, and while available evidence points to a complex set of genetic factors, the SHANK (also known as ProSAP) gene family has emerged as one of the most promising candidates...
September 26, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960699/the-midwife-woman-relationship-in-a-south-wales-community-experiences-of-midwives-and-migrant-pakistani-women-in-early-pregnancy
#11
Laura Goodwin, Billie Hunter, Aled Jones
BACKGROUND: In 2015, 27.5% of births in England and Wales were to mothers born outside of the UK. Compared to their White British peers, minority ethnic and migrant women are at a significantly higher risk of maternal and perinatal mortality, along with lower maternity care satisfaction. Existing literature highlights the importance of midwife-woman relationships in care satisfaction and pregnancy outcomes; however, little research has explored midwife-woman relationships for migrant and minority ethnic women in the UK...
September 29, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949460/the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#12
EDITORIAL
Sarah A Roache, Lawrence O Gostin
Globally, soda taxes are gaining momentum as powerful interventions to discourage sugar consumption and thereby reduce the growing burden of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Evidence from early adopters including Mexico and Berkeley, California, confirms that soda taxes can disincentivize consumption through price increases and raise revenue to support government programs. The United Kingdom's new graduated levy on sweetened beverages is yielding yet another powerful impact: soda manufacturers are reformulating their beverages to significantly reduce the sugar content...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941850/meso-level-multi-disciplinary-approach-for-reduction-of-pre-treatment-loss-to-follow-up-in-revised-national-tuberculosis-control-program-delhi-india
#13
Nandini Sharma, Shivani Chandra, Meera Dhuria, Charu Kohli, Kamal Kishore Chopra, Nishi Aggarwal, Kuldeep Sachdeva
BACKGROUND: Universal access to tuberculosis (TB) care services emphasizes early detection and initiation of treatment for all pulmonary TB patients. Pre-treatment loss to follow-up patients needs to be actively tracked and treated to break the chain of transmission in the community. OBJECTIVES: MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire based cross sectional study of a sample of 340 patients who were pre-treatment loss to follow-up was conducted from November 2011 to March 2012 in Delhi...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934269/should-i-drink-responsibly-safely-or-properly-confusing-messages-about-reducing-alcohol-related-harm
#14
Sandra C Jones, Sabine Hall, Kypros Kypri
'Responsible drinking' campaigns emerged in the early 1970s as a means of addressing hazardous drinking and its related consequences. While these were initially the product of public health agencies and health-related NGOs, they are increasingly being developed and disseminated by the alcohol industry. There is considerable debate as to whether industry-generated campaigns are designed to reduce hazardous drinking and related problems (as argued by their developers) or are designed to avoid government regulation or even to increase sales...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925580/nutrition-hygiene-and-stimulation-education-to-improve-growth-cognitive-language-and-motor-development-among-infants-in-uganda-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#15
Grace K M Muhoozi, Prudence Atukunda, Lien M Diep, Robert Mwadime, Archileo N Kaaya, Anne B Skaare, Tiril Willumsen, Ane C Westerberg, Per O Iversen
Stunting is associated with impaired cognitive and motor function. The effect of an education intervention including nutrition, stimulation, sanitation, and hygiene on child growth and cognitive/language/motor development, delivered to impoverished mothers in Uganda, was assessed. In a community-based, open cluster-randomized trial, 511 mother/children dyads aged 6-8 months were enrolled to an intervention (n = 263) or control (n = 248) group. The primary outcome was change in length-for-age z-score at age 20-24 months...
September 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918504/autism-spectrum-disorders-and-disease-modeling-using-stem-cells
#16
REVIEW
Anita Brito, Fabiele Baldino Russo, Alysson Renato Muotri, Patricia Cristina Baleeiro Beltrão-Braga
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) represent a variety of disorders characterized as complex lifelong neurodevelopment disabilities, which may affect the ability of communication and socialization, including typical comportments like repetitive and stereotyped behavior. Other comorbidities are usually present, such as echolalia, hypotonia, intellectual disability and difficulties in processing figured speech. Furthermore, some ASD individuals may present certain abilities, such as eidetic memory, outstanding musical or painting talents and special mathematical skills, among others...
September 16, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883746/clinical-impact-of-early-diagnosis-of-autism-on-the-prognosis-and-parent-child-relationships
#17
REVIEW
Jennifer Harrison Elder, Consuelo Maun Kreider, Susan N Brasher, Margaret Ansell
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a lifelong condition that usually appears in late infancy or early childhood, and is characterized by social and communication deficits that impede optimal functioning. Despite widespread research and greater public awareness, ASD has an unclear etiology and no known cure, making it difficult to acquire accurate and timely diagnoses. In addition, once an ASD diagnosis is made, parents find it challenging to navigate the healthcare system and determine which interventions are most effective and appropriate for their child...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863583/speech-rate-rate-matching-and-intelligibility-in-early-implanted-cochlear-implant-users
#18
Valerie Freeman, David B Pisoni
An important speech-language outcome for deaf people with cochlear implants is speech intelligibility-how well their speech is understood by others, which also affects social functioning. Beyond simply uttering recognizable words, other speech-language skills may affect communicative competence, including rate-matching or converging toward interlocutors' speech rates. This initial report examines speech rate-matching and its relations to intelligibility in 91 prelingually deaf cochlear implant users and 93 typically hearing peers age 3 to 27 years...
August 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858888/acceptability-of-an-opioid-relapse-prevention-text-message-intervention-for-emergency-department-patients
#19
Brian Suffoletto, Joseph Yanta, Ryan Kurtz, Gerald Cochran, Antoine Douaihy, Tammy Chung
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether a text message-based relapse prevention intervention (Preventing and Interrupting Early Relapse [PIER]1) is acceptable to treatment-seeking adults with opioid use disorder (OUD) after Emergency Department (ED) discharge using mixed-methods design. METHODS: Adults seeking care in an urban ED for OUD (n = 20; mean age 22; 55% female; 75% white race) completed a baseline survey, and were invited to enroll in PIER1, which was delivered in 7-day blocks, with the option to re-enroll at the end of each block, up to 4 blocks...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857399/status-of-wound-management-in-korea
#20
Sik Namgoong, Seung-Kyu Han
In spite of a period of intense economic, social, and political hardship following the Korean War, the Republic of Korea has made great strides in economic growth over the past half century, and also remarkable progress in the medical field. However, wound research has been slow to take off in South Korea. Meanwhile, as is the case in many countries in Western Europe and North America, South Korea is seeing a steady increase in its aged population. The growth in the geriatric population has in turn brought on more cases of chronic wounds...
August 30, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
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