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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934206/estimating-the-prevalence-and-intensity-of-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-among-rural-communities-in-western-tanzania-the-influence-of-sampling-strategy-and-statistical-approach
#1
Jared S Bakuza, Matthew J Denwood, Gamba Nkwengulila, Barbara K Mable
BACKGROUND: Schistosoma mansoni is a parasite of major public health importance in developing countries, where it causes a neglected tropical disease known as intestinal schistosomiasis. However, the distribution of the parasite within many endemic regions is currently unknown, which hinders effective control. The purpose of this study was to characterize the prevalence and intensity of infection of S. mansoni in a remote area of western Tanzania. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Stool samples were collected from 192 children and 147 adults residing in Gombe National Park and four nearby villages...
September 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933002/mepolizumab-for-treating-severe-eosinophilic-asthma-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#2
REVIEW
Iñigo Bermejo, Matt Stevenson, Katy Cooper, Sue Harnan, Jean Hamilton, Mark Clowes, Christopher Carroll, Tim Harrison, Shironjit Saha
As part of its single technology appraisal (STA) process, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the company (GlaxoSmithKline) that manufactures mepolizumab (Nucala(®)) to submit evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of mepolizumab for the treatment of severe eosinophilic asthma. The School of Health and Related Research Technology Appraisal Group (ScHARR-TAG) at the University of Sheffield was commissioned to act as the independent evidence review group (ERG). The ERG produced a review of the evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of mepolizumab as add-on to standard of care (SoC) compared with SoC and omalizumab, based upon the company's submission to NICE...
September 20, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931438/global-collaborative-healthcare-assessing-the-resource-requirements-at-a-leading-academic-medical-center
#3
REVIEW
Nicole J Rosson, Heitham T Hassoun
INTRODUCTION: Academic Medical Centers ("AMCs") have served as a hub of the United States ("US") health system and represented the state-of-the art in American health care for well over a century. Currently, the global healthcare market is both massive and expanding and is being altered by the unprecedented impact of technological advances and globalization. This provides AMCs a platform to enter into trans-national collaborative partnerships with healthcare organizations around the world, thus providing a means to deliver on its promise globally while also expanding and diversifying its resources...
September 20, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928347/improving-breastfeeding-medicine-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-student-survey-and-extensive-curriculum-review-with-suggestions-for-improvement
#4
Anna J Gary, Erin E Birmingham, Laurie B Jones
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding education should be incorporated routinely into medical school curricula. Despite strong evidence supporting exclusive breastfeeding of infants, lack of physician education has continued to undermine the practice of breastfeeding. Protecting and supporting breastfeeding should be a public health priority as it has the potential to save billions of dollars in health care and also provide the most benefit to the newborn infant. The purpose of this article was to evaluate how the United States undergraduate medical institution incorporates breastfeeding medicine into its curriculum and to suggest modifications that will improve breastfeeding education at all undergraduate medical institutions...
May 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927410/the-search-for-relevant-outcome-measures-for-cost-utility-analysis-of-systemic-family-interventions-in-adolescents-with-substance-use-disorder-and-delinquent-behavior-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
S Schawo, C Bouwmans, E van der Schee, V Hendriks, W Brouwer, L Hakkaart
PURPOSE: Systemic family interventions have shown to be effective in adolescents with substance use disorder and delinquent behavior. The interventions target interactions between the adolescent and involved systems (i.e. youth, family, peers, neighbors, school, work, and society). Next to effectiveness considerations, economic aspects have gained attention. However, conventional generic quality of life measures used in health economic evaluations may not be able to capture the broad effects of systemic interventions...
September 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918643/speech-language-pathology-telehealth-in-rural-and-remote-schools-the-experience-of-school-executive-and-therapy-assistants
#6
Glenn C Fairweather, Michelle A Lincoln, Robyn Ramsden
INTRODUCTION: Difficulties in accessing allied health services, especially in rural and remote areas, appear to be driving the use of telehealth services to children in schools. The objectives of this study were to investigate the experiences and views of school executive staff and therapy assistants regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a speech-language pathology telehealth program for children attending schools in rural and remote New South Wales, Australia. The program, called Come N See, provided therapy interventions remotely via low-bandwidth videoconferencing, with email follow-up...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#7
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903598/healthcare-providers-attitude-and-knowledge-regarding-medication-use-in-breastfeeding-women-a-jordanian-national-questionnaire-study
#8
Nour A Al-Sawalha, Abeer Sawalha, Linda Tahaineh, Basima Almomani, Maha Al-Keilani
Medication use among women who have recently given birth is unavoidable in some situations. The aim of this study was to assess the attitude and knowledge of healthcare providers (HCPs) in Jordan about the safe use of medications during breastfeeding. The data were collected from HCPs in maternal and children care centres and hospitals from April 2015 to January 2016, using a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 904 HCPs (79.3%) were enrolled in the study. Half of the participants followed the World Health Organisation's and American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878731/head-eye-vestibular-motion-therapy-affects-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-severe-chronic-postconcussion-patients
#9
Frederick Robert Carrick, Joseph F Clark, Guido Pagnacco, Matthew M Antonucci, Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Elena Oggero
CONTEXT: Approximately 1.8-3.6 million annual traumatic brain injuries occur in the United States. An evidence-based treatment for concussions that is reliable and effective has not been available. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to test whether head-eye vestibular motion (HEVM) therapy is associated with decreased symptoms and increased function in postconcussive syndrome (PCS) patients that have been severely impaired for greater than 6 months after a mild traumatic brain injury...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872807/using-normalisation-process-theory-to-investigate-the-implementation-of-school-based-oral-health-promotion
#10
O J Olajide, J Shucksmith, A Maguire, F V Zohoori
Despite the considerable improvement in oral health of children in the UK over the last forty years, a significant burden of dental caries remains prevalent in some groups of children, indicating the need for more effective oral health promotion intervention (OHPI) strategies in this population. OBJECTIVE: To explore the implementation process of a community-based OHPI, in the North East of England, using Normalisation Process Theory (NPT) to provide insights on how effectiveness could be maximised...
September 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870602/the-brazilian-back-complaints-in-the-elders-brazilian-bace-study-characteristics-of-brazilian-older-adults-with-a-new-episode-of-low-back-pain
#11
Fabianna Resende De Jesus-Moraleida, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Manuela Loureiro Ferreira, Juscelio Pereira Da Silva, Marcella Guimarães Assis, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Low back pain (LBP) is little explored in the aging population especially when considering age-relevant and culturally dependent outcomes. We aimed to describe socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of Brazilian older people with a new episode of LBP presenting to primary care. METHODS: We sourced baseline information on socio-demographic, pain-related and clinical characteristics from 602 older adults from the Brazilian Back Complaints in the Elders (Brazilian BACE) study...
August 10, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867858/evaluation-of-cyavanapr%C3%A4-%C3%A5-a-on-health-and-immunity-related-parameters-in-healthy-children-a-two-arm-randomized-open-labeled-prospective-multicenter-clinical-study
#12
Arun Gupta, Sunil Kumar, Sanjeeva Dole, Shailesh Deshpande, Vaishali Deshpande, Sudha Singh, V Sasibhushan
CONTEXT: Cyavanaprāśa (CP) is an Ayurvedic immune booster formulation that confers vigor and vitality while delaying the ageing process. Benefits of CP have been studied widely in adult population. OBJECTIVES: Current study assessed beneficial effects of CP on health and immunity related parameters in healthy children. METHODS: This study was a 6 month long two armed, randomized, open labeled, prospective clinical study. School going healthy children between ages of 5-12 years were randomized to receive orally daily either CP (approx...
January 2017: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865475/a-systematic-literature-review-of-health-state-utility-values-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Michela Meregaglia, John Cairns
BACKGROUND: Health state utility values (HSUVs) are essential parameters in model-based economic evaluations. This study systematically identifies HSUVs in head and neck cancer and provides guidance for selecting them from a growing body of health-related quality of life studies. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the published literature by searching PubMed, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library using a pre-defined combination of keywords. The Tufts Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Registry and the School of Health and Related Research Health Utilities Database (ScHARRHUD) specifically containing health utilities were also queried, in addition to the Health Economics Research Centre database of mapping studies...
September 2, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864787/screening-for-diabetes-in-a-dental-school-clinic-to-assess-interprofessional-communication-between-physicians-and-dental-students
#14
Rick Ken Biethman, Cyril Pandarakalam, M Nathalia Garcia, Sara Whitener, Charles F Hildebolt
If a dental student diagnoses a patient in a dental school clinic as being at high risk of prediabetes or diabetes, the patient should be referred to his or her physician for further diagnostic evaluation, and the physician should send back the evaluation results so that the dental team can optimize treatment and health care choices if the diagnosis is confirmed. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate physicians' responses to written and oral requests for information regarding follow-up diabetes testing...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862045/developing-a-case-mix-classification-for-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-the-influence-of-presenting-problems-complexity-factors-and-service-providers-on-number-of-appointments
#15
Peter Martin, Roger Davies, Amy Macdougall, Benjamin Ritchie, Panos Vostanis, Andy Whale, Miranda Wolpert
BACKGROUND: Case-mix classification is a focus of international attention in considering how best to manage and fund services, by providing a basis for fairer comparison of resource utilization. Yet there is little evidence of the best ways to establish case mix for child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). AIM: To develop a case mix classification for CAMHS that is clinically meaningful and predictive of number of appointments attended and to investigate the influence of presenting problems, context and complexity factors and provider variation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861133/microbial-murders-crime-scene-investigation-an-active-team-based-learning-project-that-enhances-student-enthusiasm-and-comprehension-of-clinical-microbial-pathogens
#16
J Jordan Steel
Microbial disease knowledge is a critical component of microbiology courses and is beneficial for many students' future careers. Microbiology courses traditionally cover core concepts through lectures and labs, but specific instruction on microbial diseases varies greatly depending on the instructor and course. A common project involves students researching and presenting a disease to the class. This method alone is not very effective, and course evaluations have consistently indicated that students felt they lacked adequate disease knowledge; therefore, a more hands-on and interactive disease project was developed called Microbial Murders...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857447/perception-of-parents-and-self-reports-of-children-regarding-the-impact-of-traumatic-dental-injury-on-quality-of-life
#17
Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Matheus França Perazzo, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
BACKGROUND/AIM: Traumatic Dental Injuries occur frequently among young children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of traumatic dental injuries on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in preschool children using the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study involved 769 five-year-old children enrolled at public and private preschools. Two examiners underwent a training process which involved the determination of inter-examiner and intra-examiner agreement (Kappa statistic) for all clinical conditions (K > 0...
August 31, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843988/the-amagugu-intervention-for-disclosure-of-maternal-hiv-to-uninfected-primary-school-aged-children-in-south-africa-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Tamsen J Rochat, Alan Stein, Mario Cortina-Borja, Frank Tanser, Ruth M Bland
BACKGROUND: Increasing populations of children who are HIV-exposed but uninfected will face the challenge of disclosure of parental HIV infection status. We aimed to test the efficacy of an intervention to increase maternal HIV-disclosure to primary school-aged HIV-uninfected children. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial was done at the Africa Health Research Institute in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Women who had tested HIV positive at least 6 months prior, had initiated HIV treatment or been enrolled in pretreatment HIV care, and had an HIV-uninfected child (aged 6-10 years) were randomly allocated to either the Amagugu intervention or enhanced standard of care, using a computerised algorithm based on simple randomisation and equal probabilities of being assigned to each group...
August 23, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834203/traumatic-dental-injuries-in-brazilian-children-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#19
Fernando Silva-Oliveira, Daniela Goursand, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Paula Cristina Pelli Paiva, Haroldo Neves Paiva, Efigênia Ferreira Ferreira, Patrícia Maria Zarzar
BACKGROUND/AIM: Population-based studies that investigate the impact of TDI on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among school children and its association to socioeconomic factors are scarce and offer conflicting results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of TDI on OHRQoL among school children and its association to socioeconomic status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 588 12-year-old children enrolled in public and private schools in the urban areas in the city of Diamantina (southeastern Brazil)...
August 23, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830419/prevalence-patterns-and-perceived-value-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-hiv-patients-a-descriptive-study
#20
Mandreker Bahall
BACKGROUND: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread among different patient populations despite the availability of evidence-based conventional medicine and lack of supporting evidence for the claims of most CAM types. This study explored the prevalence, patterns, and perceived value of CAM among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients. METHODS: This quantitative descriptive study was conducted between November 1, 2014 and March 31, 2015 among a cross-sectional, convenience sample of attendees of the HIV clinic of a public tertiary health care institution...
August 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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