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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147639/australian-adults-behaviours-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-risk-factors-for-heart-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Erin Hoare, Bill Stavreski, Bronwyn A Kingwell, Garry L Jennings
This research aimed to determine Australian adults' perceptions of risk factors for heart disease, self-reported behaviours relating to modifiable risk factors, and knowledge of leading causes of death. This study reports on HeartWatch survey data collected between January 2015 and December 2015 in a sample of Australian adults. The setting of the research was Australian communities, with all states and territories represented in the final sample. Participants were Australian adults aged 30-59 years (n = 8425), and were representative of the wider Australian population based on key demographic and health characteristics...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143155/language-and-social-emotional-and-behavioural-wellbeing-from-4-to-7%C3%A2-years-a-community-based-study
#2
Penny Levickis, Emma Sciberras, Cristina McKean, Laura Conway, Angela Pezic, Fiona K Mensah, Edith L Bavin, Lesley Bretherton, Patricia Eadie, Margot Prior, Sheena Reilly
Language disorder (LD) and social-emotional and behavioural (SEB) difficulties are common childhood problems that often co-occur. While there is clear evidence of these associations from clinical samples, less is known about community samples. This paper examines these associations in children aged 4-7 years from a community-based longitudinal study. 771 families provided questionnaire and assessment data at 4, 5 and 7 years. Parent-reported SEB difficulties were measured at each point (SDQ). Child language was directly assessed at 4 (CELF-P2), 5 and 7 years (CELF-4)...
November 15, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141763/pilot-study-of-the-addition-of-mass-treatment-for-malaria-to-existing-school-based-programs-to-treat-neglected-tropical-diseases
#3
Lauren M Cohee, Moses Chilombe, Andrew Ngwira, Samuel K Jemu, Don P Mathanga, Miriam K Laufer
Malaria and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminths, threaten the health of school aged in sub-Saharan Africa. Established school-based mass drug administration (MDA) programs are used to control NTDs. Recent clinical trials have shown benefit of mass treatment of malaria in schools. The potential of adding malaria treatment to existing NTD programs has not been thoroughly evaluated. We offered malaria treatment with artemether-lumefantrine during routine NTD MDA and developed peer education programs in two primary schools in southern Malawi...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136227/developmental-outcome-of-9-year-old-children-born-after-pgs-follow-up-of-a-randomized-trial
#4
Derk Kuiper, Anne Bennema, Sacha la Bastide-van Gemert, Jorien Seggers, Pamela Schendelaar, Sebastiaan Mastenbroek, Annemieke Hoek, Maas Jan Heineman, Tessa J Roseboom, Joke H Kok, Mijna Hadders-Algra
STUDY QUESTION: Does Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS affect neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: We did not find evidence of adverse consequences of Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS on neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring, although children born after IVF with or without PGS often had a non-optimal neurological condition. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Knowledge on long-term sequelae for development and health of children born following PGS is lacking...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123369/universal-proposal-strategies-of-anti-hpv-vaccination-for-adolescents-comparative-analysis-between-school-based-and-clinic-immunization-programs
#5
REVIEW
F Desiante, C Russo, A Giorgino, G Caputi, T Battista, R Cipriani, M Conversano
Introduction: A promising approach to increase teenager's adherence to immunization against HPV is the administration of vaccinations within the school facilities. The Local Health Unit of Taranto experienced two different vaccine strategy proposals in the twelve-year-olds: the first one was the usual active call strategy in the outpatient clinic, while the second one provided the involvement of the schools in the area. The aim of the study is to evaluate the results of the proposed vaccination strategies in both sexes and in towns of different sizes in order to identify an effective path for achieving vaccine coverage improvement...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118154/perceptions-and-attitudes-of-dental-hygiene-educators-about-the-establishment-of-doctoral-education-programs-in-dental-hygiene
#6
Cheryl A Davis, Gwen Essex, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To assess the perceptions and attitudes of dental hygiene (DH) educators at selected colleges and universities regarding the establishment of doctoral educational programs in DH in the United States.Methods: An online survey of DH educators at the 58 U.S. schools offering baccalaureate or master's degree programs was used to assess participants' perceptions and attitudes regarding the following: need to establish doctoral programs in DH, interests in supporting their development, potential barriers and facilitators, and goals/motivators of potential enrollees...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113107/redesigning-journal-clubs-to-staying-current-with-the-literature
#7
Roland N Dickerson, G Christopher Wood, Joseph M Swanson, Rex O Brown
Staying current with the literature is of paramount importance to the pharmacist engaged in an evidence-based clinical practice. Given the expanding roles and responsibilities of today's pharmacists combined with exponential growth in new medical and health sciences literature, staying current has become an extremely daunting task. Traditional journal clubs have focused upon their role as a training vehicle for teaching critical reading skills to residents. However, schools of pharmacy are now required to provide instruction in biostatistics, research design, and interpretation...
November 6, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105728/tests-for-detecting-strabismus-in-children-aged-1-to-6-years-in-the-community
#8
REVIEW
Sarah Hull, Vijay Tailor, Sara Balduzzi, Jugnoo Rahi, Christine Schmucker, Gianni Virgili, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
BACKGROUND: Strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) is a risk factor for impaired visual development both of visual acuity and of stereopsis. Detection of strabismus in the community by non-expert examiners may be performed using a number of different index tests that include direct measures of misalignment (corneal or fundus reflex tests), or indirect measures such as stereopsis and visual acuity. The reference test to detect strabismus by trained professionals is the cover‒uncover test...
November 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102557/textual-analysis-of-general-surgery-residency-personal-statements-topics-and-gender-differences
#9
Laura Ostapenko, Cheryl Schonhardt-Bailey, Jessica Walling Sublette, Douglas S Smink, Nora Y Osman
PURPOSE: Applicants to US general surgery residency training programs submit standardized applications. Applicants use the personal statement to express their individual rationale for a career in surgery. Our research explores common topics and gender differences within the personal statements of general surgery applicants. METHODS: We analyzed the electronic residency application service personal statements of 578 applicants (containing 3,82,405 words) from Liaison Committee on Medical Education-accredited medical schools to a single ACGME-accredited general surgery program using an automated textual analysis program to identify common topics and gender differences...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102084/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-china-data-from-1%C3%A2-7-million-adults-in-a-population-based-screening-study-china-peace-million-persons-project
#10
Jiapeng Lu, Yuan Lu, Xiaochen Wang, Xinyue Li, George C Linderman, Chaoqun Wu, Xiuyuan Cheng, Lin Mu, Haibo Zhang, Jiamin Liu, Meng Su, Hongyu Zhao, Erica S Spatz, John A Spertus, Frederick A Masoudi, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is common in China and its prevalence is rising, yet it remains inadequately controlled. Few studies have the capacity to characterise the epidemiology and management of hypertension across many heterogeneous subgroups. We did a study of the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in China and assessed their variations across many subpopulations. METHODS: We made use of data generated in the China Patient-Centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE) Million Persons Project from Sept 15, 2014, to June 20, 2017, a population-based screening project that enrolled around 1·7 million community-dwelling adults aged 35-75 years from all 31 provinces in mainland China...
October 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095134/training-in-urban-medicine-and-public-health-preparing-physicians-to-address-urban-health-care-needs
#11
Cynthia Haq, Melissa Lemke, Michelle Buelow, Marjorie Stearns, Christine Ripp, Patrick McBride
BACKGROUND: Wisconsin is facing significant physician shortages. The University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health (UWSMPH) launched Training in Urban Medicine and Public Health (TRIUMPH) to recruit and prepare medical students to serve people living within urban Health Professional Shortage Areas. METHODS: Students are selected based on their commitment to improve health equity for urban populations. They complete clinical rotations, core curriculum, and community projects in Milwaukee, Wisconsin...
December 2016: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093146/educating-dental-students-about-eating-disorders-perceptions-and-practice-of-interprofessional-care
#12
Katherine M Frimenko, Carol Anne Murdoch-Kinch, Marita R Inglehart
Providing care for patients with eating disorders (EDs) requires an interprofessional care (IPC) approach. The aims of this study were to assess dental students' ED- and IPC-related educational experiences, perceptions of preparedness for ED-related communication with patients and providers, and attitudes related to an IPC approach to ED. Relationships among perceptions of education, preparedness, attitudes, and characteristics (e.g., year in program and family members in other health care fields) were also explored...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091238/enhancing-critical-thinking-via-a-clinical-scholar-approach
#13
Vicki Simpson, Sara A McComb, Jane M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Safety, quality improvement, and a systems perspective are vital for nurses to provide quality evidence-based care. Responding to the call to prepare nurses with these perspectives, one school of nursing used a clinical scholar approach, enhanced by systems engineering to more intentionally develop the ability to clinically reason and apply evidence-based practice. METHOD: A two-group, repeated-measures control trial was used to determine the effects of systems engineering content and support on nursing students' clinical judgment and critical thinking skills...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072182/social-challenges-of-contemporary-psychiatry
#14
N Bouras
Psychiatry and society are interrelated and the biopsychosocial model continues to dominate the clinical psychiatric practice. Some doubts have been expressed in recent years about the value and the wide acceptance of the biopsychosocial model. Ghaemi (2009)1 considers it to be anti-humanistic and advocates the use of less eclectic, less generic, and less vague alternatives. The fundamental changes that have been witnessed in our times across the spectrum of biology, psychology and sociology have made necessary that a conceptual clarity should prevail...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064950/epidemiology-of-reduced-visual-acuity-among-chinese-multiethnic-students
#15
Deng-Juan Qian, Min Hu, Hua Zhong, Qiao Nie, Jun Li, Yuansheng Yuan, Chen-Wei Pan
SIGNIFICANCE: Data regarding the epidemiology of reduced visual acuity (VA) among multiethnic children and adolescents in China are few. Understanding the vision-related health inequalities among different ethnic groups is crucial for health resource allocations and clinical managements for eye diseases. PURPOSE: We aim to determine the prevalence, main causes, and health inequalities of reduced VA in multiethnic school students in rural China. METHODS: A school-based eye survey including 7681 multiethnic school students aged 5 to 16 years in the southwestern part of China was conducted...
October 23, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061205/community-based-distribution-of-iron-folic-acid-supplementation-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-evidence-and-programme-implications
#16
Justine A Kavle, Megan Landry
OBJECTIVE: The present literature review aimed to review the evidence for community-based distribution (CBD) of iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation as a feasible approach to improve anaemia rates in low- and middle-income countries. DESIGN: The literature review included peer-reviewed studies and grey literature from PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILAC and Scopus databases. SETTING: Low- and middle-income countries. SUBJECTS: Non-pregnant women, pregnant women, and girls...
October 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058510/medical-student-perceptions-of-an-initial-collaborative-immersion-experience
#17
Joseph B House, Jacob Cedarbaum, Fatema Haque, Michael Wheaton, Jennifer Vredeveld, Joel Purkiss, Laurel Moore, Sally A Santen, Michelle Daniel
Recent reviews of interprofessional education (IPE) highlight the need for innovative curricula focused on longitudinal clinical learning. We describe the development and early outcomes of the initial clinical experience (ICE), a longitudinal practice-based course for first-year medical students. While IPE courses focus on student-to-student interaction, ICE focuses on introducing students to interprofessional collaboration. Students attend 14 sessions at one of 18 different clinical sites. They work directly with different health professionals from among 17 possible professions, including nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and respiratory, occupational, and physical therapists...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056858/innovative-partnerships-to-advance-public-health-training-in-community-based-academic-residency-programs
#18
Joan C Lo, Thomas E Baudendistel, Abhay Dandekar, Phuoc V Le, Stanton Siu, Bruce Blumberg
Collaborative partnerships between community-based academic residency training programs and schools of public health, represent an innovative approach to training future physician leaders in population management and public health. In Kaiser Permanente Northern California, development of residency-Masters in Public Health (MPH) tracks in the Internal Medicine Residency and the Pediatrics Residency programs, with MPH graduate studies completed at the University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, enables physicians to integrate clinical training with formal education in epidemiology, biostatistics, health policy, and disease prevention...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056034/spatial-assessment-of-potential-ecological-risk-of-heavy-metals-in-soils-from-informal-e-waste-recycling-in-ghana
#19
Vincent Nartey Kyere, Klaus Greve, Sampson Manukure Atiemo, James Hawkins Ephraim
The rapidly increasing annual global volume of e-waste, and of its inherently valuable fraction, has created an opportunity for individuals in Agbogbloshie, Accra, Ghana to make a living by using unconventional, uncontrolled, primitive and crude procedures to recycle and recover valuable metals from this waste. The current form of recycling procedures releases hazardous fractions, such as heavy metals, into the soil, posing a significant risk to the environment and human health. Using a handheld GPS, 132 soil samples based on 100 m grid intervals were collected and analysed for cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn)...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052274/health-education-and-competency-scale-development-and-testing
#20
Huei-Lih Hwang, Mei-Ling Kuo, Chin-Tang Tu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To develop a tool for measuring competency in conducting health education and to evaluate its psychometric properties in a population of entry-level nurses. BACKGROUND: Until now, no generic instrument has been developed specifically for measuring competency in health education, which is an essential competency for nurses. Existing scales are either insufficient for psychometric evaluation or are designed specifically for senior nurses. To evaluate curricula and courses designed for entry-level nurses, educators require an instrument for measuring improvement in core competency from baseline to determine whether the minimum level of ability has been achieved...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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