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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791476/identifying-county-characteristics-associated-with-resident-well-being-a-population-based-study
#1
Brita Roy, Carley Riley, Jeph Herrin, Erica S Spatz, Anita Arora, Kenneth P Kell, John Welsh, Elizabeth Y Rula, Harlan M Krumholz
BACKGROUND: Well-being is a positively-framed, holistic assessment of health and quality of life that is associated with longevity and better health outcomes. We aimed to identify county attributes that are independently associated with a comprehensive, multi-dimensional assessment of individual well-being. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study examining associations between 77 pre-specified county attributes and a multi-dimensional assessment of individual US residents' well-being, captured by the Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783974/pathways-to-prevention-protocol-for-the-cap-climate-and-preventure-study-to-evaluate-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-school-based-universal-selective-and-combined-alcohol-misuse-prevention-into-early-adulthood
#2
Nicola C Newton, Lexine Stapinski, Tim Slade, Katrina E Champion, Emma L Barrett, Catherine Chapman, Anna Smout, Siobhan Lawler, Marius Mather, Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Patricia J Conrod, Maree Teesson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use and associated harms are among the leading causes of burden of disease among young people, highlighting the need for effective prevention. The Climate and Preventure (CAP) study was the first trial of a combined universal and selective school-based approach to preventing alcohol misuse among adolescents. Initial results indicate that universal, selective and combined prevention were all effective in delaying the uptake of alcohol use and binge drinking for up to 3 years following the interventions...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#3
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#4
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774510/recruiting-filipino-immigrants-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-enrollment-in-an-evidence-based-parenting-intervention
#5
Joyce R Javier, Angela Reyes, Dean M Coffey, Sheree M Schrager, Allan Samson, Lawrence Palinkas, Michele D Kipke, Jeanne Miranda
Filipinos, the second largest Asian subgroup in the U.S., experience significant youth behavioral health disparities but remain under-represented in health research. We describe lessons learned from using the Matching Model of Recruitment to recruit 215 Filipinos to participate in a large, randomized controlled trial of a culturally tailored video aimed at increasing enrollment in the Incredible Years® Parent Program. We recruited participants from schools, churches, clinics, community events, and other community-based locations...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#6
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757000/adolescent-nocturnal-fears-a-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-fear-of-sleep-inventory-fosi
#7
Tyish S Hall Brown, E'leyna Garcia, Ameenat Akeeb, Angelique C Lynch-Jiles, Davene White, Michal Young
OBJECTIVE: Nocturnal fears are associated with trauma-related sleep disturbance in adults, yet research is limited addressing this relationship in adolescents. This study evaluated the validity of the Fear of Sleep Inventory (FoSI) as a measure of nocturnal fears broadly and in relation to trauma exposure in adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: Students ages 14-18 from two urban school-based health centers were the participants. METHODS: De-identified clinical data were utilized from a mental health screening battery...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755046/the-church-bridge-project-an-academic-community-perspective-of-a-church-based-weight-management-pilot-intervention-among-young-adult-african-americans
#8
Jennifer L Lemacks, Robert E James, Laurie Abbott, Hwanseok Choi, Ashley Parker, Ashley Bryant, Penny A Ralston, Annither Gilner Rigsby, Patricia Gilner
BACKGROUND: Churches are effective community partners and settings to address weight management among African Americans. There is limited information on the use of churches to reach young adult populations and church collaborations with primary care clinics. OBJECTIVES: The Church Bridge Project represents a community-academic partnership that presents the recruitment process of a church-based weight management intervention and describes baseline data of participants recruited from churches and primary care providers...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747625/e-learning-or-educational-leaflet-does-it-make-a-difference-in-oral-health-promotion-a-clustered-randomized-trial
#9
Susan Al Bardaweel, Mayssoon Dashash
BACKGROUND: The early recognition of technology together with great ability to use computers and smart systems have promoted researchers to investigate the possibilities of utilizing technology for improving health care in children. The aim of this study was to compare between the traditional educational leaflets and E-applications in improving oral health knowledge, oral hygiene and gingival health in schoolchildren of Damascus city, Syria. METHODS: A clustered randomized controlled trial at two public primary schools was performed...
May 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746496/pharyngeal-colonization-and-drug-resistance-profiles-of-morraxella-catarrrhalis-streptococcus-pneumoniae-staphylococcus-aureus-and-haemophilus-influenzae-among-hiv-infected-children-attending-art-clinic-of-felegehiwot-referral-hospital-ethiopia
#10
Wondemagegn Mulu, Endalew Yizengaw, Megbaru Alemu, Daniel Mekonnen, Derese Hailu, Kassaw Ketemaw, Bayeh Abera, Mulugeta Kibret
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic pharyngeal colonization by potential bacteria is the primary reservoir for bacterial species within a population and is considered a prerequisite for development of major childhood diseases such as sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis. However, there is dearth of data on the colonization and drug resistance pattern of the main bacterial pathogens in the pharynx of HIV infected children in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study determined the pharyngeal colonization and drug resistance profile of bacterial pathogens in HIV infected children attending ART clinic of Felegehiwot Referral Hospital (FHRH), Amhara Region, Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743062/-we-don-t-want-our-clothes-to-smell-smoke-changing-malaria-control-practices-and-opportunities-for-integrated-community-based-management-in-baringo-kenya
#11
Jacinter A Amadi, Daniel O Olago, George O Ong'amo, Silas O Oriaso, Isaac K Nyamongo, Benson B A Estambale
BACKGROUND: The decline in global malaria cases is attributed to intensified utilization of primary vector control interventions and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). These strategies are inadequate in many rural areas, thus adopting locally appropriate integrated malaria control strategies is imperative in these heterogeneous settings. This study aimed at investigating trends and local knowledge on malaria and to develop a framework for malaria control for communities in Baringo, Kenya...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#12
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728090/what-can-we-learn-from-problem-based-learning-tutors-at-a-graduate-entry-medical-school-a-mixed-method-approach
#13
Diane O Doherty, Helena Mc Keague, Sarah Harney, Gerard Browne, Deirdre McGrath
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted by many medical schools as an innovative method to deliver an integrated medical curriculum since its inception at McMaster University (Dornan et al., Med Educ 39(2):163-170, 2005; Finucane et al., Med Educ 35(1):56-61, 2001; Barrows, Tutorials in problem-based learning: A new direction in teaching the health professions, 1984). The student experience in PBL has been explored in detail (Merriam, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 89: 3-13, 2001; Azer, Kaohsiung J Med Sci 25(5): 240-249, 2009; Boelens et al...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726591/psychosis-screening-practices-in-schools-a-survey-of-school-based-mental-health-providers
#14
Emily R Kline, Cole Chokran, Janine Rodenhiser-Hill, Larry J Seidman, Kristen A Woodberry
AIM: Many school districts in the United States employ mental health professionals to provide assessment, counselling and crisis interventions within the school setting; however, little is known about actual clinical practices of psychosis screening in schools. The aim of the present study is to examine attitudes and practices regarding psychosis screening among school mental health providers in metropolitan Boston, Massachusetts. METHODS: School-based mental health clinicians (N = 100) completed an anonymous survey assessing familiarity, screening, and involvement with psychosis and psychosis risk prior to attending trainings on psychosis...
May 4, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726390/the-my-child-matters-programme-effect-of-public-private-partnerships-on-paediatric-cancer-care-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#15
REVIEW
Scott C Howard, Alia Zaidi, Xueyuan Cao, Olivier Weil, Pierre Bey, Catherine Patte, Angelica Samudio, Laurie Haddad, Catherine G Lam, Claude Moreira, Augusto Pereira, Mhamed Harif, Laila Hessissen, Salma Choudhury, Ligia Fu, Miguela A Caniza, Julius Lecciones, Fousseyni Traore, Raul C Ribeiro, Anne Gagnepain-Lacheteau
In low-income and middle-income countries, an excess in treatment failure for children with cancer usually results from misdiagnosis, inadequate access to treatment, death from toxicity, treatment abandonment, and relapse. The My Child Matters programme of the Sanofi Espoir Foundation has funded 55 paediatric cancer projects in low-income and middle-income countries over 10 years. We assessed the impact of the projects in these regions by using baseline assessments that were done in 2006. Based on these data, estimated 5-year survival in 2016 increased by a median of 5·1%, ranging from -1·5% in Venezuela to 17·5% in Ukraine...
May 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720181/multiplicity-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-plasmodium-vivax-and-plasmodium-falciparum-infections-in-east-africa
#16
Daibin Zhong, Eugenia Lo, Xiaoming Wang, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Guofa Zhou, Harrysone E Atieli, Andrew Githeko, Elizabeth Hemming-Schroeder, Ming-Chieh Lee, Yaw Afrane, Guiyun Yan
BACKGROUND: Parasite genetic diversity and multiplicity of infection (MOI) affect clinical outcomes, response to drug treatment and naturally-acquired or vaccine-induced immunity. Traditional methods often underestimate the frequency and diversity of multiclonal infections due to technical sensitivity and specificity. Next-generation sequencing techniques provide a novel opportunity to study complexity of parasite populations and molecular epidemiology. METHODS: Symptomatic and asymptomatic Plasmodium vivax samples were collected from health centres/hospitals and schools, respectively, from 2011 to 2015 in Ethiopia...
May 2, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720167/development-of-a-neonatal-curriculum-for-medical-students-in-zimbabwe-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Simbarashe Chimhuya, Bothwell Mbuwayesango, Eva M Aagaard, Kusum J Nathoo
BACKGROUND: Calls have been made to reassess the curricula of medical schools throughout the world to adopt competence-based programs that address the healthcare needs of society. Zimbabwe is a country characterized by a high neonatal mortality rate of 24 per 1000 live births. The current research sought to determine the content and appropriate teaching strategies needed to guide the development of an undergraduate neonatal curriculum map for medical students at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719986/linking-the-medical-and-educational-home-to-support-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-practice-recommendations
#18
Jeffrey D Shahidullah, Gazi Azad, Katherine R Mezher, Maryellen Brunson McClain, Laura Lee McIntyre
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present with complex medical problems that are often exacerbated by a range of other intellectual and psychiatric comorbidities. These children receive care for their physical and mental health from a range of providers within numerous child-serving systems, including their primary care clinic, school, and the home and community. Given the longitudinal nature in which care is provided for this chronic disorder, it is particularly necessary for services and providers to coordinate their care to ensure optimal efficiency and effectiveness...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718580/community-public-health-nursing-faculty-s-knowledge-skills-and-attitudes-of-the-quad-council-competencies-for-public-health-nurses
#19
Barbara L Joyce, Monica Harmon, Regina Gina H Johnson, Vicki Hicks, Nancy Brown-Schott, Lucille Pilling, Vicki Brownrigg
A multisite collaborative team of community/public health nursing (C/PHN) faculty surveyed baccalaureate nursing faculty to explore their knowledge, skills, attitudes, and application of the Quad Council Competencies for Public Health Nurses (QCC-PHN). OBJECTIVES: (1) Evaluate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes of the 2011 QCC-PHN by academic C/PHN faculty; (2) Evaluate the application of 2011 QCC-PHN by C/PHN faculty in the clinical practicum for undergraduate baccalaureate C/PHN students; and (3) Determine if a significant difference existed in the knowledge for each domain...
May 2, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710354/faculty-vitality-in-osteopathic-medical-schools-a-pilot-study
#20
Adrienne Z Ables, Liang Shan, India L Broyles
Context: Faculty vitality is defined as the synergy between high levels of satisfaction, productivity, and engagement that enables faculty members to maximize their professional success and achieve goals in concert with institutional goals. Many studies have examined faculty development efforts with regard to satisfaction, retention, or vitality, but, to the authors' knowledge, they have all been conducted in allopathic medical schools and academic health centers. Objective: To examine faculty vitality in osteopathic medical schools and address contributors to productivity, engagement, and career satisfaction...
May 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
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