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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110160/moderating-and-mediating-effects-of-resilience-between-childhood-trauma-and-depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-children
#1
Huisi Ding, Juan Han, Minli Zhang, Kaiqiao Wang, Jiangling Gong, Senbei Yang
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma has been regarded as a risk factor for adolescent depression. Resilience has been found to be a protective factor for adolescent mental health. However, it is not clear about the role of resilience in the relationship between childhood trauma and depression. METHODS: School attending adolescents (n=6406) aged 9-17 years were drawn from five primary schools, three middle schools and two high schools in Wuhan city of China in 2015. The participants were invited to complete self-report questionnaires, including demographics, childhood trauma, resilience and depressive symptoms...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109661/mapping-sites-of-high-tb-transmission-risk-integrating-the-shared-air-and-social-behaviour-of-tb-cases-and-adolescents-in-a-south-african-township
#2
Benjamin Patterson, Carl D Morrow, Daniel Kohls, Caroline Deignan, Samuel Ginsburg, Robin Wood
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis remains a major public health problem in poverty-stricken areas of the world. Communal gathering places account for the majority of TB transmission in high burden settings. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the social behaviour patterns of individuals who have developed TB disease and adolescents at risk of infection. To develop a cheap and effective method to locate transmission hot spots in high burden communities. DESIGN: Portable, combined CO2/GIS monitors and location diaries were given to individuals from a South African township...
January 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109451/revictimization-after-adolescent-dating-violence-in-a-matched-national-sample-of-youth
#3
Deinera Exner-Cortens, John Eckenrode, John Bunge, Emily Rothman
PURPOSE: To assess if adolescent dating violence was associated with physical intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood, using a comprehensive propensity score to create a matched group of victims and nonvictims. METHODS: Secondary analysis of waves 1 (1994-1995), 2 (1996), 3 (2001-2002) and 4 (2007-2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample of US high schools and middle schools. Individuals aged 12-18 reporting adolescent dating violence between the wave 1 and 2 interviews (n = 732) were matched to nonvictimized participants of the same sex (n = 1,429) using propensity score matching...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109415/food-security-and-weight-status-in-children-interactions-with-food-assistance-programs
#4
Binh T Nguyen, Christopher N Ford, Amy L Yaroch, Kerem Shuval, Jeffrey Drope
INTRODUCTION: It is unclear whether Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) or National School Lunch Program (NSLP) participation modifies the relationship between food insecurity and obesity in children. METHODS: Data were included for 4,719 children aged 9-17 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Survey between 2003-2004 and 2011-2012. Linear regression was used to examine the relationship between household food security (full, marginal, low, and very low) and BMI percentile...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109313/can-an-educational-podcast-improve-the-ability-of-parents-of-primary-school-children-to-assess-the-reliability-of-claims-made-about-the-benefits-and-harms-of-treatments-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Daniel Semakula, Allen Nsangi, Matt Oxman, Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Sarah Rosenbaum, Margaret Kaseje, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Atle Fretheim, Iain Chalmers, Andrew D Oxman, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Claims made about the effects of treatments are very common in the media and in the population more generally. The ability of individuals to understand and assess such claims can affect their decisions and health outcomes. Many people in both low- and high-income countries have inadequate aptitude to assess information about the effects of treatments. As part of the Informed Healthcare Choices project, we have prepared a series of podcast episodes to help improve people's ability to assess claims made about treatment effects...
January 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109292/training-a-medical-workforce-to-meet-the-needs-of-diverse-minority-communities
#6
Faafetai Sopoaga, Tony Zaharic, Jesse Kokaua, Sahra Covello
BACKGROUND: The growing demand for a competent health workforce to meet the needs of increasingly diverse societies has been widely acknowledged. One medical school in New Zealand explored the integration of the commonly used patient-centred model approach, with an intersectional framework in the development of a cultural competency training programme. In the Pacific Immersion Programme, medical students in their fourth year of training are given the opportunity to learn about different factors that influence the health and health care of a minority community through immersion in that community...
January 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109270/clustering-of-risk-related-modifiable-behaviours-and-their-association-with-overweight-and-obesity-among-a-large-sample-of-youth-in-the-compass-study
#7
Rachel E Laxer, Ross C Brownson, Joel A Dubin, Martin Cooke, Ashok Chaurasia, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Canadian youth exhibit a number of risky behaviours, some of which are associated with overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of 15 modifiable risk behaviours in a large sample of Canadian youth, to identify underlying subgroups based on patterns of health behaviours, and to examine the association between identified subgroups and overweight/obesity. METHODS: Data from 18,587 grades 9-12 students in Year 1 (2012-13) of the COMPASS study and latent class analysis were used to identify patterns and clustering among 15 health behaviours (e...
January 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107741/building-related-symptoms-are-linked-to-the-in-vitro-toxicity-of-indoor-dust-and-airborne-microbial-propagules-in-schools-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
J T Salin, M Salkinoja-Salonen, P J Salin, K Nelo, T Holma, P Ohtonen, H Syrjälä
INTRODUCTION: Indoor microbial toxicity is suspected to cause some building-related symptoms, but supporting epidemiological data are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether the in vitro toxicity of indoor samples from school buildings was associated with work-related health symptoms (building-related symptoms, BRS). METHODS: Administrators of the Helsinki City Real Estate Department selected 15 schools for the study, and a questionnaire on symptoms connected to work was sent to the teachers in the selected schools for voluntary completion...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107555/participation-in-sports-body-composition-and-fitness-characteristics-in-children-according-to-ethnic-background
#9
Stefania Toselli, Maria Giovanna Belcastro
Participation in sports has important implications, being associated with health and social features. The objectives of this study were to verify whether there were any differences in sport participation between immigrant and Italian children, and if there was any relation with their body composition and fitness characteristics. A survey was conducted on 1432 children attending primary school in the Emilia-Romagna (northern Italy). Anthropometric measurements, fitness characteristics and data about participation in sports were considered...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107154/taking-up-the-mantle-of-human-trafficking-education-who-should-be-responsible
#11
Carrie A Bohnert, Aaron W Calhoun, Olivia F Mittel
Human trafficking is a global human rights issue with long-range health consequences about which physicians are largely uneducated. Medical schools are uniquely positioned to address this gap. All future physicians, regardless of specialty, must learn to identify victims and refer them to trauma-informed treatment. Research and advocacy are needed to address the lack of rigorously evaluated curricula in this area, impact policy, and improve services for victims of this heinous form of exploitation.
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107151/saving-the-starfish-physicians-roles-in-responding-to-human-rights-abuses-in-global-health-practice
#12
Monir Moniruzzaman
This paper examines how an overseas medical student can improve the life of a kamlari, an indentured servant girl in Nepal. I argue that physicians and students should not only provide care for the health and well-being of patients but also act to ameliorate the suffering of their patients, particularly when patients' social, cultural, economic, and political vulnerabilities overshadow their immediate clinical needs. I also address the point that medical schools need to offer courses on health advocacy and activism in order to promote health equity and social justice for all...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105102/a-scabies-outbreak-in-a-diabetic-and-collagen-disease-ward-management-and-prevention
#13
Kenta Furuya, Hitoshi Nakajima, Yousuke Sasaki, Akira Ishiko, Yoshihisa Urita
Scabies is an infection caused by Sarcoptes scabiei. In developed countries, scabies remains an important public health problem in hospitals and care facilities among elderly or immunocompromised patients. There are a number of medical providers who have not experienced scabies and there has been confusion surrounding its management and prevention. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to identify the optimal approach for the management and prevention of scabies. A scabies outbreak occurred between June 2014 and October 2014 in the Toho University School of Medicine, Omori Hospital (Tokyo, Japan), and the current study investigates factors concerning the outbreak, such as disease recognition, diagnostic strategy, medical staff experience and correspondence after the outbreak occurred...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104511/serum-perfluoroalkyl-substances-in-children-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster
#14
Leonardo Trasande, Tony T Koshy, Joseph Gilbert, Lauren K Burdine, Teresa M Attina, Akhgar Ghassabian, Masato Honda, Michael Marmor, Dinh Binh Chu, Xiaoxia Han, Yongzhao Shao, Kurunthachalam Kannan
The World Trade Center (WTC) disaster released large amounts of various chemical substances into the environment, including perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). Yet, no studies have examined exposures in children living or attending schools near the disaster site. We measured serum PFASs in WTC Health Registry (WTCHR) respondents who were ≤8 years of age on September 11, 2001 and a sociodemographically-matched comparison group. We also examined the relationship of PFASs levels with dust cloud exposure; home dust exposure, and with traumatic exposure, the latter to take into account differences related to possible mental health consequences and associated behavioral problems...
January 16, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104188/maternal-multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-and-other-biomedical-and-socioenvironmental-influences-on-children-s-cognition-at-age-9-12-years-in-indonesia-follow-up-of-the-summit-randomised-trial
#15
Elizabeth L Prado, Susy K Sebayang, Mandri Apriatni, Siti R Adawiyah, Nina Hidayati, Ayuniarti Islamiyah, Sudirman Siddiq, Benyamin Harefa, Jarrad Lum, Katherine J Alcock, Michael T Ullman, Husni Muadz, Anuraj H Shankar
BACKGROUND: Brain and cognitive development during the first 1000 days from conception are affected by multiple biomedical and socioenvironmental determinants including nutrition, health, nurturing, and stimulation. An improved understanding of the long-term influence of these factors is needed to prioritise public health investments to optimise human development. METHODS: We did a follow-up study of the Supplementation with Multiple Micronutrients Intervention Trial (SUMMIT), a double-blind, cluster-randomised trial of maternal supplementation with multiple micronutrients (MMN) or iron and folic acid (IFA) in Indonesia...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103914/health-literacy-of-recently-hospitalised-patients-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-the-health-literacy-questionnaire-hlq
#16
Rebecca L Jessup, Richard H Osborne, Alison Beauchamp, Allison Bourne, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is simply defined as an individual's ability to access, understand and use information in ways that promote and maintain good health. Lower health literacy has been found to be associated with increased emergency department presentations and potentially avoidable hospitalisations. This study aimed to determine the health literacy of hospital inpatients, and to examine if associations exist between different dimensions of their health literacy, sociodemographic characteristics and hospital services use...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103881/influence-of-social-support-and-rearing-behavior-on-psychosocial-health-in-left-behind-children
#17
Haiyan Xing, Wei Yu, Fengjiao Xu, Sanmei Chen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine psychological health of left-behind children (LBC), social support and rearing behavior towards LBC as well as their correlations in the city of Shaoxing, China. METHODS: By stratified sampling, 401 LBC and 527 non-left-behind children (NLBC) had completed the questionnaires in 2014. Spearman's correlation was performed to clarify the relationship between psychological health, social support and rearing behavior in LBC...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103872/the-use-of-the-eq-5d-y-health-related-quality-of-life-outcome-measure-in-children-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-psychometric-properties-feasibility-and-usefulness-a-longitudinal-analytical-study
#18
Des Scott, Gillian D Ferguson, Jennifer Jelsma
BACKGROUND: The EQ-5D-Y, an outcome measure of Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in children, was developed by an international task team in 2010. The multinational feasibility, reliability and validity study which followed was undertaken with mainly healthy children. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the EQ-5D-Y when used to assess the HRQoL of children with different health states. METHOD: A sample of 224 children between eight and twelve years were grouped according to their health state...
January 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103861/the-saskatchewan-new-brunswick-healthy-start-d%C3%A3-part-sant%C3%A3-intervention-implementation-cost-estimates-of-a-physical-activity-and-healthy-eating-intervention-in-early-learning-centers
#19
Nazmi Sari, Nazeem Muhajarine, Amanda Froehlich Chow
BACKGROUND: Participation in daily physical activity and consuming a balanced diet high in fruits and vegetables and low in processed foods are behaviours associated with positive health outcomes during all stages of life. Previous literature suggests that the earlier these behaviours are established the greater the health benefits. As such, early learning settings have been shown to provide an effective avenue for exploring and influencing the physical activity and healthy eating behaviours of children before school entry...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103858/the-personal-and-workplace-characteristics-of-uninsured-expatriate-males-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Abdulwahab Alkhamis, Peter Cosgrove, Gamal Mohamed, Amir Hassan
BACKGROUND: A major concern by the health decision makers in Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC) countries is the burden of financing healthcare. While other GCC countries have been examining different options, Saudi Arabia has endeavoured to reform its private healthcare system and control expatriate access to government resources through the provision of Compulsory Employment-Based Health Insurance (CEBHI). The objective of this research was to investigate, in a natural setting, the characteristics of uninsured expatriates based on their personal and workplace characteristics...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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