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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340189/the-relationship-between-pain-severity-and-alcohol-use-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-drinking-motives
#1
Claudia Horn-Hofmann, Zina Trost, Anne Hublet, Sylvie Mrug, Joris Van Damme, Tine Vervoort
Objective. : Evidence from adult samples suggests a co-occurrence between pain and alcohol abuse. However, studies in adolescents are scarce and results are inconsistent, with some studies observing heightened and others observing reduced alcohol consumption in adolescents suffering from pain. We hypothesized that in adolescents the association between pain and alcohol use will be moderated by drinking motives. Methods. : Data from a large representative sample of Flemish school children and adolescents (N = 10,650, 50...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340118/group-music-therapy-as-a-preventive-intervention-for-young-people-at-risk-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Christian Gold, Suvi Saarikallio, Alexander Hew Dale Crooke, Katrina Skewes McFerran
Background: Music forms an important part of the lives and identities of adolescents and may have positive or negative mental health implications. Music therapy can be effective for mental disorders such as depression, but its preventive potential is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether group music therapy (GMT) is an effective intervention for young people who may be at risk of developing mental health problems, as indicated via unhealthy music use...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335038/a-comparative-effectiveness-education-trial-for-lifestyle-health-behavior-change-in-african-americans
#3
Chanita Hughes Halbert, Scarlett Bellamy, Vanessa Briggs, Ernestine Delmoor, Joseph Purnell, Rodney Rogers, Benita Weathers, Jerry C Johnson
Obesity and excess weight are significant clinical and public health issues that disproportionately affect African Americans because of physical inactivity and unhealthy eating. We compared the effects of alternate behavioral interventions on obesity-related health behaviors. We conducted a comparative effectiveness education trial in a community-based sample of 530 adult African Americans. Outcomes variables were physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable intake. Outcomes were evaluated at baseline and 1-month following interventions about shared risk factors for cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD) (integrated, INT) or CVD only (disease-specific)...
March 18, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334652/does-educational-attainment-shape-reactions-to-genetic-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease-results-from-a-national-survey-experiment
#4
Matthew A Andersson, Shana Kushner Gadarian, Rene Almeling
While higher education is associated with healthy lifestyles and health literacy, it remains unclear whether education shapes reactions to varying levels of genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, participants (N = 701) in the National Genetic Risk Survey Experiment (NGRISE) received a hypothetical genetic risk assessment for AD (ranging from 20 to 80% lifetime risk) and then completed items on their cognitive (perceived threat to health), emotional (general negative affect), and anticipated behavioral (seek information, improve health behaviors, engage in public or private civic action) reactions to this risk...
March 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334476/implementing-guidelines-for-preventing-identifying-and-treating-adolescent-overweight-and-obesity-school-nurses-perceptions-of-the-challenges-involved
#5
Sølvi Helseth, Kirsti Riiser, Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Nina Misvaer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to gain a better understanding of school nurses' perceptions of the challenges involved in implementing national guidelines on managing overweight and obesity in adolescents. BACKGROUND: National guidelines for the management of childhood overweight and obesity are developed in many countries to translate scientific knowledge into practice. However, several challenges are involved in their implementation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative design with focus group interviews was chosen for data collection...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333766/dietary-inadequacies-in-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-school-aged-children-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#6
Stephanie Shiau, Acadia Webber, Renate Strehlau, Faeezah Patel, Ashraf Coovadia, Samantha Kozakowski, Susan Brodlie, Michael T Yin, Louise Kuhn, Stephen M Arpadi
OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that HIV-infected children increase energy intake and maintain a balanced macronutrient distribution for optimal growth and nutrition. Few studies have evaluated dietary intake of HIV-infected children in resource-limited settings. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the dietary intake of 220 perinatally HIV-infected children and 220 HIV-uninfected controls ages 5-9 years in Johannesburg, South Africa...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333598/achieving-health-equity-through-community-engagement-in-translating-evidence-to-policy-the-san-francisco-health-improvement-partnership-2010-2016
#7
Kevin Grumbach, Roberto A Vargas, Paula Fleisher, Tomás J Aragón, Lisa Chung, Colleen Chawla, Abbie Yant, Estela R Garcia, Amor Santiago, Perry L Lang, Paula Jones, Wylie Liu, Laura A Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The San Francisco Health Improvement Partnership (SFHIP) promotes health equity by using a novel collective impact model that blends community engagement with evidence-to-policy translational science. The model involves diverse stakeholders, including ethnic-based community health equity coalitions, the local public health department, hospitals and health systems, a health sciences university, a school district, the faith community, and others sectors. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We report on 3 SFHIP prevention initiatives: reducing consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs), regulating retail alcohol sales, and eliminating disparities in children's oral health...
March 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333550/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-supports-canadian-children-s-academic-achievement
#8
Erin L Faught, Genevieve Montemurro, Kate E Storey, Paul J Veugelers
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if adherence to established Canadian, American, and WHO-developed nutrition recommendations supported children's academic achievement. METHODS: Data from a health survey of 1595 grade 5 students in Alberta, Canada, was used. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Adherence to recommendations for food group servings, saturated fat intake, and free sugars intake was assessed. Survey data were linked to grade 6 standardized exam results...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333334/a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-peer-education-workshops-for-school-aged-children-to-teach-about-antibiotics-microbes-and-hygiene
#9
Vicki L Young, Amy Cole, Donna M Lecky, Dennis Fettis, Beth Pritchard, Neville Q Verlander, Charlotte V Eley, Cliodna A M McNulty
Background: Delivering health topics in schools through peer education is known to be beneficial for all students involved. In this study, we have evaluated a peer-education workshop that aims to educate primary and secondary school students on hygiene, the spread of infection and antibiotics. Methods: Four schools in south-west England, in a range of localities, took part in peer-education workshops, with students completing before, after and knowledge-retention questionnaires...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332953/patterns-of-response-by-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-recruitment-methods-for-women-in-uk-population-surveys-and-cohort-studies
#10
Sarah J Howcutt, Anna L Barnett, Sofia Barbosa Boucas, Lesley A Smith
Women are an important public health focus, because they are more likely to experience some social determinants of disease, and they influence family health. Little research has explored the sociodemographic representativeness of women in research studies. We examined the representativeness of female respondents across four sociodemographic factors in UK population surveys and cohort studies. Six UK population-based health surveys (from 2009-2013) and eight Medical Research Council cohort studies (from 1991 to 2014) were included...
March 23, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332936/ethical-concerns-about-emerging-treatment-paradigms-for-gender-dysphoria
#11
Stephen B Levin
The increasing incidence of request for medical services to support gender transition for children, adolescents and adults has consequences for society, governmental institutions, schools, families, health care professionals, and, of course, patients. The sociological momentum to recognize and accommodate to trans phenomena has posed ethical dilemmas for endocrinologists, mental health professionals and sexual specialists as they experience within themselves the clash between Respect for Patient Autonomy, Beneficence, Nonmalficience, and Informed Consent...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332857/body-image-and-risk-behaviors-in-youth-with-hiv
#12
Ronald H Dallas, Megan M Loew, Megan L Wilkins, Yilun Sun, Li Tang, Jerlym S Porter, Aditya H Gaur
Body image concerns are common among people living with HIV. Among adults with HIV, body image concerns have been shown to be related to risky sexual behaviors; little research has been conducted among youth living with HIV (YLWH). The current study examined the predictors, including body image, of sexual risk behaviors among YLWH. Adolescents from a single clinic (n = 143; age range 16-24 years; 69% male; 95% African American) completed a computerized self-report survey to assess demographic, behavioral, and body image domains...
March 23, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332617/molecular-epidemiology-of-acute-hemorrhagic-conjunctivitis-caused-by-coxsackie-a-type-24-variant-in-china-2004-2014
#13
Li Zhang, Na Zhao, Xiaodan Huang, Xiuming Jin, Xingyi Geng, Ta-Chien Chan, Shelan Liu
To understand control interventions, the molecular epidemiology of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) was investigated from 2004 to 2014.A total of 613,485 AHC cases (annualized cases 55,771) with two deaths were included. Our findings showed that AHC was reported in all provinces, predominantly in Southern and Eastern China. The incidence rates were highest in 2007 (5.65/100,000) and 2010 (21.78/100,000) respectively. A clear seasonal pattern was identified with a peak from August to October. AHC cases occurred in all age groups; however, five to 14 years was the predominant group [23...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331766/evaluation-of-breast-cancer-risk-levels-and-its-relation-with-breast-self-examination-practices-in-women
#14
Ruhuşen Kutlu, Ümmiye Biçer
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to determine the breast cancer risk levels and its relation with the frequency of breast self-examination practices in women who were 20 years old and over. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted on 867 women, who were 20 years old and over presenting to a family medicine outpatient clinic for any reasons. The participants filled in the "Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Form" which is recommended to assess the risk of breast cancer by the Ministry of Health...
January 2017: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331754/informational-needs-of-postmastectomy-patients
#15
Duygu Soydaş Yeşilyurt, Ümmü Yıldız Fındık
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine informational needs of postmastectomy patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted in the general surgery clinics of a university health center for medical research and practice with 72 voluntary patients. For data collection, a patient identification form was used, which was prepared by the researchers in accordance with the literature. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 52...
October 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331734/the-treatment-approach-and-social-support-needs-for-patients-with-breast-cancer
#16
Pınar Soylar, Metin F Genç
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women both in developed and developing countries. It has a higher mortality rate in low and middle income countries due to the late-stage diagnosis. The principal aim of this study was to investigate what patients with breast cancer did before presenting to Turgut Özal Medical Center and its relationship with late stage diagnosis. The study also aimed to identify the level of patients' perceived social support. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 200 patients with breast cancer who were treated at the chemotherapy unit during 2013 and 2014...
April 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331540/effect-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-training-program-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-school-teachers-in-kaduna-north-west-nigeria
#17
Dupe Lasisi, Cornelius Ani, Victor Lasebikan, Lateef Sheikh, Olayinka Omigbodun
BACKGROUND: There are indications that teachers have limited knowledge about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), despite its high prevalence in childhood and its long-term effects on students such as academic underachievement, reduced self-esteem, and social and behavioural difficulties. This study is therefore aimed at assessing the effect of an ADHD training program on the knowledge of ADHD among primary school teachers in Kaduna, Nigeria and their attitudes towards pupils with ADHD...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331454/family-based-behavioral-treatment-for-childhood-obesity-caretaker-reported-barriers-and-facilitators
#18
Amanda E Staiano, Arwen M Marker, James Comeaux, Johannah M Frelier, Daniel S Hsia, Stephanie T Broyles
BACKGROUND: Family-based behavioral treatments are effective ways to promote children's weight management through healthy eating and exercise. However, programs typically have high attrition and low attendance. The aim of this study was to obtain in-depth caregiver input on barriers and facilitators to participate in a family-based, behavioral childhood obesity treatment program. METHODS: Three focus groups were facilitated among 21 parents/guardians at 2 school-based health centers and 1 federally qualified health center...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331297/involvement-in-shared-decision-making-for-patients-in-public-specialist-outpatient-clinics-in-hong-kong
#19
Richard H Xu, Eliza Ly Wong
OBJECTIVE: This study is a preliminary exploration of the association between patient involvement in decision-making and patient socioeconomic characteristics and experience in specialist outpatient clinics (SOPCs) in Hong Kong. METHODS: Cross-sectional telephone interviews were conducted using the Specialist Outpatient Experience Questionnaire (SOPEQ) in 26 Hospital Authority public SOPCs in Hong Kong. The SOPEQ was designed by The School of Public Health and Primary Care at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, fully taking into account both literature review and the local context of the public specialist outpatient system in Hong Kong...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330495/building-a-global-schistosomiasis-alliance-an-opportunity-to-join-forces-to-fight-inequality-and-rural-poverty
#20
Lorenzo Savioli, Marco Albonico, Daniel G Colley, Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira, Alan Fenwick, Will Green, Narcis Kabatereine, Achille Kabore, Naftale Katz, Katharina Klohe, Philip T LoVerde, David Rollinson, J Russell Stothard, Louis-Albert Tchuem Tchuenté, Johannes Waltz, Xiao-Nong Zhou
Schistosomiasis, one of the 17 neglected tropical diseases listed by the World Health Organization, presents a substantial public health and economic burden. Of the 261 million people requiring preventive chemotherapy for schistosomiasis in 2013, 92% of them lived in sub-Saharan Africa and only 12.7% received preventive chemotherapy. Moreover, in 2010, the WHO reported that schistosomiasis mortality could be as high as 280 000 per year in Africa alone.In May 2012 delegates to the sixty-fifth World Health Assembly adopted resolution WHA65...
March 23, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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