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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645184/early-menarche-and-menstrual-problems-are-associated-with-sleep-disturbance-in-a-large-sample-of-chinese-adolescent-girls
#1
Xianchen Liu, Hua Chen, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Fang Fan, Cun-Xian Jia
Study Objectives: Little is known about the association between menstruation and sleep disturbance in adolescent girls. This study examined sleep duration, insomnia symptoms, and sleep quality in relation to age at menarche and menstrual problems in a large sample of Chinese adolescent girls. Methods: This report represents the baseline data of an ongoing longitudinal study of the Shandong Adolescent Behavior & Health Cohort (SABHC) in Shandong, China. 5,800 12 to 18-year-old girls (mean age= 15...
June 22, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642871/promoting-mental-health-in-italian-middle-and-high-school-a-pilot-study
#2
Franco Veltro, Valentina Ialenti, Manuel Alejandro Morales García, Emiliana Bonanni, Claudia Iannone, Marinella D'Innocenzo, Antonella Gigantesco
AIM: In Italy, a handbook has been developed based on the principles of cooperative learning, life skills, self-effectiveness, and problem-solving at high school level. Early studies have shown the handbook's effectiveness. It has been hypothesized that the revised handbook could be more effective in middle schools. METHOD: The study design is a "pre- and posttest" that compares the results obtained from 91 students of the high schools with those of the 38 students from middle schools...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642795/why-do-the-youths-in-northeast-india-use-tobacco
#3
Laishram Ladusingh, Preeti Dhillon, Pralip Kumar Narzary
This study is an assessment of the influence of parent's tobacco use on prospective tobacco use trajectories among young offspring. The study is based on unit level data from District Level Household and Facility Survey-4 (2012-2013) comprising 27,706 youths in 15-24 years' age group from northeastern states of India and used multilevel regression to identify the potential risk factors of tobacco consumption. The likelihood of using tobacco was found to be 3.4 and 1.14 times more, respectively, for the youths coresiding with mothers who use tobacco and fathers who use tobacco, in comparison to youths staying with parents not taking tobacco...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#4
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642541/can-uk-undergraduate-dental-programmes-provide-training-in-non-surgical-facial-aesthetics
#5
T W M Walker, F Gately, S Stagnell, A Kerai, C Mills, S Thomas
Aim Recently, more and more dentists have found themselves engaging in the delivery of non-surgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) as part of their regular practice routine. NSFA is a growing field in aesthetic medicine that is practised by a range of clinicians including doctors, dentists and registered prescriber nurses and is an industry estimated to be worth over £3 billion in the UK alone. In the past few years, several public scandals in aesthetic medicine have prompted reactions by several bodies including the Government and Royal Colleges...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642521/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-to-sports-drinks-of-adolescents-living-in-south-wales-uk
#6
R M Fairchild, D Broughton, M Z Morgan
Background The UK sports drinks market has a turnover in excess of £200 million. Adolescents consume 15.6% of total energy as free sugars, much higher than the recommended 5%. Sugar sweetened beverages, including sports drinks, account for 30% of total free sugar intake for those aged 11-18 years.Objective To investigate children's knowledge and attitudes surrounding sports drinks.Method One hundred and eighty-three self-complete questionnaires were distributed to four schools in South Wales. Children aged 12-14 were recruited to take part...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642231/secondhand-smoke-exposure-among-community-dwelling-adult-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states-1999-2012
#7
Oladimeji Akinboro, Odunayo Olorunfemi, Prasanta Basak, Elizabeth Phillips, Daniel Pomerantz, Bernard Bernhardt, Rasim Gucalp, Stephen Jesmajian, Jamie S Ostroff
Background: Little is known about the prevalence of secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) among cancer survivors. We sought to determine the prevalence, trends, and correlates of SHSe among nonsmoking adult cancer survivors in the United States.Methods: Interview and serum cotinine data for nonsmoking adults, age 20 years and older, with a history of cancer (N = 686) were obtained from consecutive two-year cross-sectional cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2012. SHSe was defined as serum cotinine 0...
June 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642002/development-of-geriatric-mental-health-learning-objectives-for-medical-students-a-response-to-the-institute-of-medicine-2012-report
#8
Susan W Lehmann, William B Brooks, Dennis Popeo, Kirsten M Wilkins, Mary C Blazek
America is aging as the population of older adults increases. The shortage of geriatric mental health specialists means that most geriatric mental healthcare will be provided by physicians who do not have specialty training in geriatrics. The Institute of Medicine Report of 2012 highlighted the urgent need for development of national competencies and curricula in geriatric mental health for all clinicians. Virtually all physicians can expect to treat older patients with mental health symptoms, yet currently there are no widely accepted learning objectives in geriatric mental health specific for medical students...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641097/long-term-complications-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#9
REVIEW
Navneet S Majhail
The prevalence of autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors continues to increase. Among patients whose disease remains in remission for the first 2-5years after transplantation, it is estimated that approximately 80-90% will be alive over the subsequent 10years. However, the relative mortality rates of such patients continue to remain higher than those of their general population peers, with late complications contributing to significant long-term morbidity and mortality...
June 13, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640800/hiv-testing-linkage-to-hiv-medical-care-and-interviews-for-partner-services-among-youths-61-health-department-jurisdictions-united-states-puerto-rico-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands-2015
#10
Renee Stein, Wei Song, Mariette Marano, Heta Patel, Shubha Rao, Elana Morris
Identifying persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who are unaware of their infection, linking them to HIV medical care, and reducing health disparities are important national goals (1). Of the 8,841 teens and young adults aged 13-24 years (collectively referred to as youths in this report) who received a diagnosis of HIV in 2014, 70% were young men who have sex with men (MSM) (2). In the same year, an estimated 52% of young MSM living with HIV were unaware of their infection compared with 15% among all persons living with HIV (3)...
June 23, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640329/association-of-adverse-oral-health-outcomes-with-socioeconomic-inequalities-and-dental-needs-in-brazilian-adolescents
#11
Daniela de Rossi Figueiredo, João Luiz Bastos, Karen Glazer Peres
This study aimed to explore the relations between adverse oral outcomes and socioeconomic, demographic, and self-rated oral health variables and to describe their distribution. Principal component analysis was conducted on data from adolescents in the Brazilian National Oral Health Survey (N = 5,445). Higher loadings were found for crowding (0.6), maxillary and mandibular irregularities (0.5), and count of communitary periodontal index (CPI) sextants with bleeding and dental calculus (0.5). The mean rates for periodontal and occlusal disorders were at least two times higher in adolescents from lower income families and those reporting the need for dental prostheses, as well as those dissatisfied with their dental and overall oral health...
June 5, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640036/a-constructive-reframing-of-student-roles-and-systems-learning-in-medical-education-using-a-communities-of-practice-lens
#12
Jed D Gonzalo, Britta M Thompson, Paul Haidet, Karen Mann, Daniel R Wolpaw
Health systems are in the midst of a transformation that is being driven by a variety of forces. This has important implications for medical educators because clinical practice environments play a key role in learning and professional development, and evolving health systems are beginning to demand that providers have "systems-ready" knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Such implications provide a clear mandate for medical schools to modify their goals and prepare physicians to practice flexibly within teams and effectively contribute to the improvement of health care delivery...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640028/assessing-and-communicating-the-value-of-biomedical-research-results-from-a-pilot-study
#13
Susan Guthrie, Joachim Krapels, Alexandra Adams, Philip Alberti, Ann Bonham, Bryn Garrod, Sarah Esmond, Caitlin Scott, Gavin Cochrane, Steven Wooding
PURPOSE: Assessing the impact of research requires an approach that is sensitive both to the context of the research and the perspective of the stakeholders trying to understand its benefits. Here, the authors report on a pilot that applied such an approach to research conducted at the Collaborative Center for Health Equity (CCHE) of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. METHOD: The pilot assessed the academic impact of CCHE's work; the networks between CCHE and community partners; and the reach of CCHE's programs, including an attempt to estimate return on investment (ROI)...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639335/a-systematic-review-on-identifying-risk-factors-associated-with-early-sexual-debut-and-coerced-sex-among-adolescents-and-young-people-in-communities
#14
REVIEW
Regina Lai Tong Lee, Alice Yuen Loke, Tsz Man Tommy Hung, Howard Sobel
AIM: To review literature on identifying the risk factors associated with early sexual coerced debut with the aim to facilitate the health care workers' planning of relevant health services to improve intervention strategies for delaying of early coerced sexual debut or forced sexual debut (CSD/FSD) in the communities. BACKGROUND: Identifying the risk factors associated with coercion at first sex is crucial for developing appropriate sexual and reproductive health information and health promotion in response...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639330/listening-for-commissioning-a-participatory-study-exploring-young-people-s-experiences-views-and-preferences-of-school-based-sexual-health-and-school-nursing
#15
Kay Aranda, Lester Coleman, N S Sherriff, Chris Cocking, Laetitia Zeeman, Liz Cunningham
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the experiences, views and preferences of young people aged 11-19 years old regarding school-based sexual health and school nursing to inform commissioning for one local authority area in England during 2015. BACKGROUND: Promoting sexual health for young people remains a challenging, even controversial, but important public health issue. Concerns regarding accessibility, acceptability and efficacy in school-based sexual health and school nursing are evident in the literature...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639320/diet-physical-activity-and-behavioural-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-or-obese-adolescents-aged-12-to-17-years
#16
REVIEW
Lena Al-Khudairy, Emma Loveman, Jill L Colquitt, Emma Mead, Rebecca E Johnson, Hannah Fraser, Joan Olajide, Marie Murphy, Rochelle Marian Velho, Claire O'Malley, Liane B Azevedo, Louisa J Ells, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Karen Rees
BACKGROUND: Adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with short- and long-term health consequences. Modifying known dietary and behavioural risk factors through behaviour changing interventions (BCI) may help to reduce childhood overweight and obesity. This is an update of a review published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions for the treatment of overweight or obese adolescents aged 12 to 17 years...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639244/veterinary-public-health-in-italy-from-healthy-animals-to-healthy-food-contribution-to-improve-economy-in-developing-countries
#17
Margherita Cacaci, Rossella Colomba Lelli
The role of the veterinarian as a public health officer is intrinsic to the history and the culture of veterinary organization in Italy. The Veterinary service being part of the Health administration since the birth of the Italian State in the XIX Century. In the second half of the last century the birth of the Italian National Health Service confirmed that the function of the Italian veterinary service was to analyze and reduce the risks for the human population connected to the relationship man-animal-environment, animal health, food safety and security...
June 22, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639204/a-cross-national-comparison-of-risk-factors-for-teen-dating-violence-in-mexico-and-the-united-states
#18
Samantha Ludin, Jessika H Bottiani, Katrina Debnam, Mercedes Gabriela Orozco Solis, Catherine P Bradshaw
Involvement in dating violence has been linked with negative health outcomes including depressive symptomology, substance use, and later expressions of aggressing and victimizing behaviors. Less is known about the prevalence and mental health correlates of teen dating violence in countries like Mexico where adult partner violence is high. Additional research on teen dating violence is also needed, as it may be an important precursor to adult partner violence and linked to other mental health problems. The current study used self-report ratings to assess the similarities and differences in risk factors associated with dating violence among middle school students in Mexico and the United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638237/friendships-lost-the-social-consequences-of-violent-victimization
#19
Lacey N Wallace, Kim S Ménard
Few studies have examined the impact of violent victimization on friendship networks. This study used two waves of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) to examine the effects of violent victimization on number peer- and self-reported friendships. Guided by stigma theory (Goffman, 1963), fixed-effect regression models controlling for depression, delinquency, substance use, and school engagement were completed to predict changes in number of friends following victimization...
2017: Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638232/epidemiology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#20
Alexandre Canon Boronat, Ana Paula Ferreira-Maia, Alicia Matijasevich, Yuan-Pang Wang
AIM: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children and adolescents. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched for original articles from inception to September 2016. The literature search was made in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. For inclusion, each study had to report epidemiological data on FGIDs in children between 4 and 18 years old and contain standardized outcome based on Rome II, III or IV criteria...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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