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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813073/functional-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life-of-high-school-adolescents-in-state-schools-in-belo-horizonte
#1
Poliana Cristina Rocha, Dálian Cristina Rocha, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To investigate the association between functional health literacy and sociodemographic factors, quality of life, self-perception of health, and perception of contexts of violence in adolescents in state schools in Belo Horizonte. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical observational study with a probabilistic sample of 384 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old. Data collection was carried out in schools and included self-reporting questionnaires to assess the functional health literacy, socioeconomic classification, self-perceived health, and quality of life...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812306/barber-led-sexual-health-education-intervention-for-black-male-adolescents-and-their-fathers
#2
Schenita D Randolph, Terrence Pleasants, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda
OBJECTIVE: To explore barbers' attitudes and beliefs regarding the feasibility and acceptability of a barber- led STI/HIV risk reduction intervention for fathers and their preadolescent and adolescent sons. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Twenty-two barbers were recruited from barbershops and a barber school in central North Carolina. MEASURES: A combination of five focus groups and two key informant interviews were conducted...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812123/-promoting-a%C3%A2-balanced-diet-and-physical-activity-among-children-conditions-for-the-successful-implementation-and-maintenance-of-multi-level-interventions-and-policies-results-of-two-qualitative-case-studies
#3
Berit Steenbock, Saskia Muellmann, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: To date, conditions for successfully implementing and maintaining multi-level interventions and policies for the promotion of a balanced diet and physical activity are not well understood from the perspective of stakeholders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to examine which factors are regarded as facilitating or impeding introduction, implementation and maintenance of multi-level interventions and policies from the standpoint of stakeholders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with stakeholders of one multi-level intervention (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS [IDEFICS] for the prevention of childhood obesity, n = 4) and one policy (Federal state offices coordinating networks for the provision of healthy food options in schools, n = 3) were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811786/examining-the-postural-awareness-and-flexibility-changes-in-physical-therapy-students-who-took-clinical-pilates-class
#4
Esra Atilgan, Devrim Tarakci, Fatma Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate postural awareness and changes in posture and flexibility of students who took Clinical Pilates class as an elective course at the undergraduate level. METHODS: The study conducted from 2013-2016 included 98 students who took Clinical Pilates class at the Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, School of Health Sciences, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey. The flexibility levels of the study participants were measured before and after the Clinical Pilates education using finger-to-floor test and modified Schober's test...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810984/impact-of-a-7-day-field-training-on-oral-health-condition-in-japan-ground-self-defense-force-personnel
#5
Koji Yamashita, Takeshi Nishiyama, Emi Nagata, Atik Ramadhani, Miki Kawada-Matsuo, Hitoshi Komatsuzawa, Takahiko Oho
INTRODUCTION: In the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF), personnel periodically perform intensive training that mimics the conditions seen in battle and during natural disasters. Military training involves intensive, stressful conditions, and changes in immune responses have been found in personnel following training. Good oral condition is important for military personnel to fulfill their duties; however, they have difficulty performing daily oral care under training conditions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810945/teen-dating-violence-predicting-physical-and-sexual-violence-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-heterosexual-adolescent-males
#6
Peter Fawson, Timothy Jones, Bobby Younce
This study investigated the prevalence of female-to-male intimate partner violence (IPV) and mental health symptoms among 589 male high school students. Participants completed questionnaires asking if they had experienced dating violence victimization, mental health symptoms, and violent attitudes. Correlations revealed strong positive associations between sexual, physical, and psychological IPV among male victims. Multiple regression found significant predictors of negative mental health consequences were experiencing psychological violence, experiencing physical violence, and having attitudes that accept violence...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810853/acute-effects-of-reducing-sitting-time-in-adolescents-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#7
Anisse Penning, Anthony D Okely, Stewart G Trost, Jo Salmon, Dylan P Cliff, Marijka Batterham, Steven Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish
BACKGROUND: Levels of sitting among adolescents are high, especially during the school day. The acute cognitive and health consequences associated with prolonged sitting are poorly understood in adolescents. This randomized crossover design study examined the acute effects of a simulated school day with reduced sitting or usual sitting on adolescents' cognitive function and cardiometabolic biomarkers. METHODS: Eighteen healthy school aged adolescents were recruited from the community to the study (11 males; 7 females; mean age [SD] = 13...
August 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810839/relationships-between-sickle-cell-trait-malaria-and-educational-outcomes-in-tanzania
#8
Kevin Croke, Deus S Ishengoma, Filbert Francis, Julie Makani, Mathias L Kamugisha, John Lusingu, Martha Lemnge, Horacio Larreguy, Günther Fink, Bruno P Mmbando
BACKGROUND: Sickle Cell Trait (SCT) has been shown to be protective against malaria. A growing literature suggests that malaria exposure can reduce educational attainment. This study assessed the relationship and interactions between malaria, SCT and educational attainment in north-eastern Tanzania. METHODS: Seven hundred sixty seven children were selected from a list of individuals screened for SCT. Febrile illness and malaria incidence were monitored from January 2006 to December 2013 by community health workers...
August 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810807/exploratory-analyses-of-risk-behaviors-among-glbt-youth-attending-a-drop-in-center
#9
J Michael Wilkerson, Sylvia M Lawler, Kim A Romijnders, Amber B Armstead, Jessica Bauldry
This exploratory study examines measures of one drop-in center's efforts to improve health outcomes of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) youth by facilitating out-group secondary social ties. Hatch Youth, located in Houston, Texas, aims to increase self-esteem and decrease negative health outcomes by encouraging GLBT youth to be part of Houston's greater GLBT community. Survey data ( N = 614) collected between October 2003 and April 2013 were entered into logistic regression models. Attending Hatch Youth for 6 or more months was associated with having a social group outside of school (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810668/mass-drug-administration-in-central-equatoria-south-sudan-results-and-suggestions-for-future-distributions
#10
Giuseppina Ortu, Jamshed Khan, Makoy Samuel Yibi, Ismail Abdu Nimaya
Background: South Sudan has rolled out a neglected tropical disease programme, which envisaged deworming campaigns in states endemic for soil transmitted helminth infections and schistosomiasis. Methods: In 2016, two deworming campaigns targeting school-age children were performed in Central Equatoria. Distribution sites were set up in primary schools, Boma Health Initiative headquarters, health centres and markets. Training, radio adverts and community meetings were performed before the campaigns...
July 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810374/the-relationship-between-cyberbullying-and-friendship-dynamics-on-adolescent-body-dissatisfaction-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ursula Kenny, Lindsay Sullivan, Mary Callaghan, Michal Molcho, Colette Kelly
The relationship between cyberbullying and friendship dynamics on adolescent body dissatisfaction was examined. Data from the Irish contribution to the international cross-sectional 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study were used. Results showed that girls were three times more likely than boys to report that their body is too fat, and adolescents who were cyberbullied were almost twice as likely as adolescents who were not cyberbullied to consider themselves too fat. Stronger friendship dynamics were associated with decreased levels of body dissatisfaction, and friendship dynamics were found to partially mediate the relationship between cyberbullying and body dissatisfaction...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809752/association-of-obesity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-the-weight-disorders-survey-of-the-caspian-iv-study
#12
Silva Hovsepian, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Aryan Madady, Morteza Mansourian, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Considering the role of different ethnical, cultural and geographical factors in health related quality of life (HRQOL) as well as the perception of different populations regarding various weight disorders, we aimed to evaluate the association between body mass index (BMI) and HRQOL in Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of the Weight Disorders Survey of the CASPIAN-IV study. During this study, students aged 6-18 years from urban and rural areas of 30 provinces of Iran were selected...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808702/virtual-simulation-teaching-centre-in-dental-education-a-report-from-fujian-medical-university-china
#13
Hao Yu, Chang Yuan Zhang, Si Hui Zhang, Hui Cheng, Jiang Chen
This report gives a brief introduction to the Virtual Simulation Teaching Centre of Fujian Medical University School of Stomatology (VSFMUSS), China. As one of the best dental simulation laboratories in China, the VSFMUSS aims to train dental students and clinicians to be professionals who are able to provide optimal oral health care by giving them the best virtual patient care experience possible in a nonclinical setting. The features, achievements and future directions of the VSFMUSS are addressed. Moreover, the role of the VSFMUSS was evaluated and discussed based on the students' and faculties' perceptions, rate of employment after graduation, and so on...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808183/indoor-tanning-bed-use-and-risk-of-food-addiction-based-on-the-modified-yale-food-addiction-scale
#14
Wen-Qing Li, John E McGeary, Eunyoung Cho, Alan Flint, Shaowei Wu, Alberto Ascherio, Eric Rimm, Alison Field, Abrar A Qureshi
The popularity of indoor tanning may be partly attributed to the addictive characteristics of tanning for some individuals. We aimed to determine the association between frequent indoor tanning, which we view as a surrogate for tanning addiction, and food addiction. A total of 67,910 women were included from the Nurses' Health Study II. In 2005, we collected information on indoor tanning during high school/college and age 25-35 years, and calculated the average use of indoor tanning during these periods. Food addiction was defined as ≥3 clinically significant symptoms plus clinically significant impairment or distress, assessed in 2009 using a modified version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807704/palliative-care-albania
#15
Rudina Rama, Valbona Mane-Carcani, Fatmir Prifti, Kristo Huta, Ali Xhixha, Stephen R Connor
Sixty-percent of cancer patients are diagnosed with advanced stages of disease and those diagnosed in early stages face challenges to receive adequate treatment. Palliative care has had significant developments in recent years in Albania, due to a close partnership with the Ministry of Health, local non-profit organizations, and the Open Society Foundation Albania. In 2011, a five-year action plan for palliative care as one of four parts of the National Cancer Control Plan was approved. At the end of 2014, the first palliative care law was approved by Parliament...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807023/local-measles-vaccination-gaps-in-germany-and-the-role-of-vaccination-providers
#16
Linda Eichner, Stephanie Wjst, Stefan O Brockmann, Kerstin Wolfers, Martin Eichner
BACKGROUND: Measles elimination in Europe is an urgent public health goal, yet despite the efforts of its member states, vaccination gaps and outbreaks occur. This study explores local vaccination heterogeneity in kindergartens and municipalities of a German county. METHODS: Data on children from mandatory school enrolment examinations in 2014/15 in Reutlingen county were used. Children with unknown vaccination status were either removed from the analysis (best case) or assumed to be unvaccinated (worst case)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806985/parents-and-teachers-views-on-sexual-health-education-and-screening-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-in-school-adolescent-girls-in-kenya-a-qualitative-study
#17
George Wanje, Linnet Masese, Ethel Avuvika, Anisa Baghazal, Grace Omoni, R Scott McClelland
BACKGROUND: To successfully develop and implement school-based sexual health interventions for adolescent girls, such as screening for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis, it is important to understand parents' and teachers' attitudes towards sexual health education and acceptability of sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening interventions. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we approached parents and teachers from three high schools to participate in in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus-group discussions (FGDs)...
August 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806966/an-exploratory-study-assessing-psychological-distress-of-indigents-in-burkina-faso-a-step-forward-in-understanding-mental-health-needs-in-west-africa
#18
Émilie Pigeon-Gagné, Ghayga Hassan, Maurice Yaogo, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: Poverty is known as an important determinant of health, but empirical data are still missing on the relationships between poverty, other adverse living conditions, and psychological distress, particularly in low-income countries. This study aimed to assess mental health needs and psychological distress among the poorest in rural settings in Burkina Faso where food security and access to water, electricity, schooling, and healthcare are limited. METHODS: We randomly selected 2000 individuals previously identified as indigents by a community-targeting process...
August 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806864/study-of-physical-function-in-adolescents-with-haemophilia-the-so-fit-study
#19
K Khair, M Holland, M Bladen, A Griffioen, P McLaughlin, S von Mackensen
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary haemophilia care demands Patient-Reported Outcomes. SO-FIT is a UK multi-centre study, assessing self-reported function, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and joint health in boys with severe haemophilia. METHODS: Subjective physical function (PedHAL, HEP-Test-Q) and HRQoL (Haemo-QoL Short Form [SF]) were assessed alongside joint health using the objective Haemophilia Joint Health Score (HJHS v2.1). Demographic and clinical data were collected...
August 14, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806366/african-american-veterans-storytelling-a-multisite-randomized-trial-to-improve-hypertension
#20
Thomas K Houston, Gemmae M Fix, Stephanie L Shimada, Judith A Long, Howard S Gordon, Charlene Pope, Julie Volkman, Jeroan J Allison, Kathryn DeLaughter, Michelle Orner, Barbara G Bokhour
BACKGROUND: Disparities in hypertension control persist for African American Veterans. OBJECTIVE: To enhance cultural relevance of hypertension control self-management education, in a multisite, stratified randomized trial, we tested an interactive Veteran-to-Veteran storytelling digital video disk (DVD) intervention created with Veteran partners, versus an education-only DVD comparison. METHODS: At 3 VA facilities, African American Veterans with uncontrolled hypertension were randomized to storytelling DVD intervention or didactic comparison DVD and followed for 6 months...
September 2017: Medical Care
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