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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779283/-prevalence-survey-of-dental-trauma-to-immature-permanent-teeth-in-xi-an-schoolchildren
#1
Xiao-Min Wang, Xue-Long Su, Hong Wang, Fei Liu, Ya-Ping Zhao, Qing-Yu Guo
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence rate, distribution, and reasons of immature permanent-tooth trauma in Xi'an were investigated and described, and a scientific basis was provided for the decision-making of health-administration departments. METHODS: Through cluster and simple random sampling survey, 4 013 pupils in schools from nine districts and four counties in Xi'an were sampled. All pupils and their parents were requested to complete a questionnaire. Oral examinations were conducted for children who had immature permanent teeth trauma...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778951/positive-influence-of-school-meals-on-food-consumption-in-brazil
#2
Nathália Tarossi Locatelli, Daniela Silva Canella, Daniel Henrique Bandoni
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contribution of school meals to healthy food consumption among public school students in Brazil. METHODS: The data from the National Adolescent School-Based Health Survey (PeNSE), containing 86,660 ninth-grade students, were used. The students were asked about their consumption of school meals and of food in general over the preceeding seven days and on the day before the interview. A multinomial regression was performed to assess the relationship between the students' food consumption over the previous seven days and regular consumption of school meals (≥3 days/week), which were adjusted for sociodemographic factors...
March 23, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778514/conditional-admission-religious-exemption-type-and-nonmedical-vaccine-exemptions-in-california-before-and-after-a-state-policy-change
#3
Alison M Buttenheim, Malia Jones, Caitlin Mckown, Daniel Salmon, Saad B Omer
Recent measles and pertussis outbreaks in the US have focused national attention on state laws governing exemptions from mandatory vaccines for school entry. After several years of increases in nonmedical exemptions in California, the state assembly passed Assembly Bill 2109 in 2012, making nonmedical exemptions more difficult to obtain by requiring parents to obtain a signature from a health care provider. We used data from the California Department of Public Health to describe changes in the overall prevalence of personal belief exemptions and compositional changes in immunization status for the school years 2012-2013 through 2015-2016...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778089/implications-for-faculty-development-for-emerging-clinical-teachers-at-distributed-sites-a-qualitative-interpretivist-study
#4
Julia Blitz, Marietjie De Villiers, Susan Van Schalkwyk
INTRODUCTION: Medical faculties have the responsibility to graduate competent health professionals and a consequent obligation to assure the quality and effectiveness of their students' clinical teaching. Many institutions are responding to rural workforce needs by extending clinical training from the traditional academic teaching hospital to include rural and remote sites distributed away from the central training institution. It is incumbent upon medical schools to consider how this might impact on the faculty development of these clinicians as teachers...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778052/self-reported-nonsuicidal-self-injury-nssi-and-sex-as-self-injury-sasi-relationship-to-abuse-risk-behaviors-trauma-symptoms-self-esteem-and-attachment
#5
Maria Zetterqvist, Carl Göran Svedin, Cecilia Fredlund, Gisela Priebe, Marie Wadsby, Linda S Jonsson
This study focuses on a conceptually unexplored behavior among adolescents who report deliberately using sex as a means of self-injury. In a large high school-based sample (n = 5743), adolescents who engaged in sex as self-injury (SASI, n = 43) were compared to adolescents who reported direct nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI, n = 933) and those who reported both NSSI and SASI (n = 82). Results showed that significantly more adolescents with SASI had experience of penetrating sexual abuse, as well as more sexual partners compared to those with NSSI...
May 7, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#6
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777641/social-norms-and-adolescents-sexual-health-an-introduction-for-practitioners-working-in-low-and-mid-income-african-countries
#7
Beniamino Cislaghi, Holly Shakya
Donors, practitioners and scholars are increasingly interested in harnessing the potential of social norms theory to improve adolescents' sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, social norms theory is multifaceted, and its application in field interventions is complex. An introduction to social norms that will be beneficial for those who intend to integrate a social norms perspective in their work to improve adolescents' sexual health in Africa is presented. First three main schools of thought on social norms, looking at the theoretical standpoint of each, are discussed...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777459/giving-voice-to-the-child-perspective-psychometrics-and-relative-precision-findings-for-the-child-health-questionnaire-self-report-short-form-chq-cf45
#8
Jeanne M Landgraf, Amy van Grieken, Hein Raat
PURPOSE: To derive and evaluate a shorter self-report Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) legacy measure for use in research and clinical trials/care. METHODS: Stepwise regression, factor analysis, and item scaling principles were used to derive and guide item selection, using data from a large general sample in the Netherlands (n = 933). Feasibility was assessed in a school sample (n = 114) and item internal consistency, discriminant validity, floor, and ceiling effects were evaluated using an external larger validation sample in the US (n = 1468)...
May 17, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776897/reach-and-acceptability-of-a-mobile-reminder-strategy-and-facebook-group-intervention-for-weight-management-in-less-advantaged-adolescents-insights-from-the-pralimap-in%C3%A3-s-trial
#9
Laura Saez, Johanne Langlois, Karine Legrand, Marie-Hélène Quinet, Edith Lecomte, Abdou Y Omorou, Serge Briançon
BACKGROUND: Although information and communication technology interventions appear to be a promising means of reducing the health inequality gap in overweight and obesity prevention, research on information and communication technology interventions is lacking outside the Anglo-Saxon world. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the reach and acceptability of 2 information and communication technology interventions delivered as part of a French nutritional program: an SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) attendance-reminder for collective sessions strategy and a Facebook challenge group...
May 18, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776474/correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-among-overweight-hispanic-school-aged-children
#10
Kimberly R Hartson, Bonnie Gance-Cleveland, Claudia R Amura, Sarah Schmiege
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore potential correlates of physical activity and sedentary screen time behaviors among overweight Hispanic school-aged children, ages 7 to 14years. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an exploratory correlation analysis using baseline data of 40 child-parent dyads from the "Mind Exercise Nutrition Do It!" program conducted in the Western United States. RESULTS: Child self-esteem and parental vegetable intake were moderately associated with physical activity, while parental vegetable intake and child fruit intake were strongly associated with physical activity among males...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775733/association-of-childhood-adiposity-measures-with-adulthood-knee-cartilage-defects-and-bone-marrow-lesions-a-25-year-cohort-study
#11
Tao Meng, Shaun Thayer, Alison Venn, Feitong Wu, Flavia Cicuttini, Lyn March, Terence Dwyer, Andrew Halliday, Marita Cross, Laura L Laslett, Graeme Jones, Changhai Ding, Benny Antony
OBJECTIVE: To describe the associations between childhood adiposity measures and adulthood knee cartilage defects and bone marrow lesions (BMLs) measured 25 years later. METHODS: 327 participants from the Australian Schools Health and Fitness Survey of 1985 (aged 7-15 years) were followed up 25 years later (aged 31-41 years). Childhood measures (weight, height and skinfolds) were collected in 1985. Body mass index (BMI), overweight status and fat mass were calculated...
May 15, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774711/-health-impact-of-asbestos-fibres-naturally-occurring-in-mount-pollino-area-basilicata-region-southern-italy
#12
Angelo Caputo, Marco De Santis, Valerio Manno, Gabriella Cauzillo, Biagio Maria Bruni, Lorenzo Palumbo, Susanna Conti, Pietro Comba
OBJECTIVES: to estimate the health impact of asbestos fibres naturally occurring in Mount Pollino area (Basilicata Region, Southern Italy). DESIGN: geographic mortality, hospitalization, and incidence study. Setting and participant s: population resident in 12 Municipalities of Mount Pollino area with naturally occurring asbestos fibres. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: standardized mortality ratio (SMR) and standardized hospitalization rate (SHR) for asbestos-related diseases; standardized incidence ratio (SIR) for mesotheliomas...
March 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#13
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774510/recruiting-filipino-immigrants-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-promoting-enrollment-in-an-evidence-based-parenting-intervention
#14
Joyce R Javier, Angela Reyes, Dean M Coffey, Sheree M Schrager, Allan Samson, Lawrence Palinkas, Michele D Kipke, Jeanne Miranda
Filipinos, the second largest Asian subgroup in the U.S., experience significant youth behavioral health disparities but remain under-represented in health research. We describe lessons learned from using the Matching Model of Recruitment to recruit 215 Filipinos to participate in a large, randomized controlled trial of a culturally tailored video aimed at increasing enrollment in the Incredible Years® Parent Program. We recruited participants from schools, churches, clinics, community events, and other community-based locations...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774451/different-kinds-of-lonely-dimensions-of-isolation-and-substance-use-in-adolescence
#15
Molly Copeland, Jacob C Fisher, James Moody, Mark E Feinberg
Social isolation is broadly associated with poor mental health and risky behaviors in adolescence, a time when peers are critical for healthy development. However, expectations for isolates' substance use remain unclear. Isolation in adolescence may signal deviant attitudes or spur self-medication, resulting in higher substance use. Conversely, isolates may lack access to substances, leading to lower use. Although treated as a homogeneous social condition for teens in much research, isolation represents a multifaceted experience with structurally distinct network components that present different risks for substance use...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774289/high-prevalence-of-intestinal-worms-in-children-up-to-5-years-of-age-in-huaphan-province-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-pdr
#16
Naphavanh Nanthavong, Antony P Black, Phonepadith Khattignavong, Lavy Lorphachan, Keooudomphone Vilivong, Sylvie Goossens, Yves Buisson, Fabrice Quet, Claude P Muller, Satoshi Nakamura
Background: The prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infection is high in Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), reaching 62% among school-children. However, this prevalence presents wide regional variations, due to differences in healthcare access and environmental factors. Curiously, there are few studies on helminth infections in pre-school children - an age group targeted by the national de-worming campaign. Therefore, a preliminary study was conducted in a remote region of Huaphan Province, North Laos, to determine the prevalence of helminth infections in pre-school children...
August 2017: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#17
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773770/your-primary-care-doctor-may-have-an-md-from-cuba-experiences-from-the-latin-american-medical-school
#18
Conner Gorry
On the 40th anniversary of the Alma Ata Declaration that affirmed health for all a right and primary health care the route to guarantee that right, WHO and PAHO have issued a call to action to convert universal health into reality for the nearly four billion people worldwide lacking full coverage of essential health services. There is some urgency to this movement: WHO estimates the health workforce shortage of nearly 8 million could reach almost 13 million by 2035. And the USA is not exempt: medical associations and special commissions set up to investigate the shortage of primary care physicians, especially "under-represented minority" doctors, have issued report after report on this growing health care emergency...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773478/preventive-strategies-for-mental-health
#19
REVIEW
Celso Arango, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Patrick D McGorry, Judith Rapoport, Iris E Sommer, Jacob A Vorstman, David McDaid, Oscar Marín, Elena Serrano-Drozdowskyj, Robert Freedman, William Carpenter
Available treatment methods have shown little effect on the burden associated with mental health disorders. We review promising universal, selective, and indicated preventive mental health strategies that might reduce the incidence of mental health disorders, or shift expected trajectories to less debilitating outcomes. Some of these interventions also seem to be cost-effective. In the transition to mental illness, the cumulative lifetime effect of multiple small effect size risk factors progressively increases vulnerability to mental health disorders...
May 14, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773076/risk-factors-for-schistosomiasis-in-an-urban-area-in-northern-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#20
Richard K M'Bra, Brama Kone, Yapi G Yapi, Kigbafori D Silué, Ibrahima Sy, Danielle Vienneau, Nagnin Soro, Guéladio Cissé, Jürg Utzinger
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a water-based disease transmitted by trematodes belonging to the genus Schistosoma. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the prevalence of schistosomiasis and access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and environmental and socioeconomic factors in the city of Korhogo, northern Côte d'Ivoire. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including 728 randomly selected households was conducted in Korhogo in March 2015...
May 18, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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