keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Demographic challenges

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781911/what-is-the-frequency-of-early-dissociation-of-bipolar-cups-and-what-factors-are-associated-with-dissociation
#1
Young-Kyun Lee, Chan Ho Park, Yong-Chan Ha, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: Dissociation between a prosthetic cup and femoral head is a rare complication of bipolar hemiarthroplasty that usually occurs during closed reduction of a dislocated bipolar cup. The dissociation usually results in reoperation because closed reduction is challenging. To our knowledge, no study has reported on the frequency of bipolar cup-femoral head dissociation, and risk factors for dissociation are unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate the frequency of dissociation of prosthetic femoral heads from bipolar cups during manual reduction of a dislocated bipolar hemiarthroplasty; and (2) to explore in a preliminary fashion any prosthesis or patient factors that may be associated with dissociation...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780970/three-challenges-for-future-research-on-cochlear-implants
#2
REVIEW
David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Michael S Harris, Aaron C Moberly
Cochlear implants (CIs) often work very well for many children and adults with profound sensorineural (SNHL) hearing loss. Unfortunately, while many CI patients display substantial benefits in recognizing speech and understanding spoken language following cochlear implantation, a large number of patients achieve poor outcomes. Understanding and explaining the reasons for poor outcomes following implantation is a very challenging research problem that has received little attention despite the pressing clinical significance...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780587/development-of-a-vancomycin-dosing-approach-for-critically-ill-patients-receiving-hybrid-hemodialysis-using-monte-carlo-simulation
#3
Susan J Lewis, Bruce A Mueller
Objectives: Prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy is an increasingly popular treatment for acute kidney injury in critically ill patients that runs at different flow rates and durations than conventional hemodialysis or continuous renal replacement therapies. Pharmacokinetic studies conducted in patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy are scarce; consequently, clinicians are challenged to dose antibiotics effectively. The purpose of this study was to develop vancomycin dosing recommendations for patients receiving prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779618/aging-in-the-united-states-opportunities-and-challenges-for-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Brandon L Chiu, Jayant M Pinto
The number of Americans over the age of 65 has been growing much faster than the overall population's growth rate. These changes can be largely attributed to the improvement in life expectancy. This demographic shift yields a unique and exciting opportunity to provide both expedient and cost-efficient care to a growing patient population.
May 17, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779542/improving-data-for-behavioral-health-workforce-planning-development-of-a-minimum-data-set
#5
Angela J Beck, Phillip M Singer, Jessica Buche, Ronald W Manderscheid, Peter Buerhaus
The behavioral health workforce, which encompasses a broad range of professions providing prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation services for mental health conditions and substance use disorders, is in the midst of what is considered by many to be a workforce crisis. The workforce shortage can be attributed to both insufficient numbers and maldistribution of workers, leaving some communities with no behavioral health providers. In addition, demand for behavioral health services has increased more rapidly as a result of federal legislation over the past decade supporting mental health and substance use parity and by healthcare reform...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779158/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-enterography-for-prediction-of-response-to-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-in-stricturing-crohn-s-disease
#6
Marianne M Amitai, Eyal Klang, Asaf Levartovsky, Noa Rozendorn, Shelly Soffer, Gadeer Ali Taha, Bella Ungar, Tomer Greener, Shomron Ben-Horin, Rami Eliakim, Uri Kopylov
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Distinguishing between fibrotic and inflammatory strictures in Crohn's disease (CD) is still challenging. The capacity of diffusion-weighted (DWI) magnetic resonance (MRE) to identify intestinal fibrosis was recently demonstrated; however, the therapeutic implications of this association have never been evaluated. The aim of the current study was to identify imaging features, including DWI, which can predict response to anti-inflammatory treatment in patients with stricturing CD...
May 19, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777672/valvectomy-versus-replacement-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-tricuspid-endocarditis
#7
Adam N Protos, Jaimin R Trivedi, William M Whited, Michael P Rogers, Ugochukwu Owolabi, Kendra J Grubb, Kristen Sell-Dottin, Mark S Slaughter
BACKGROUND: Optimal surgical treatment of infective tricuspid endocarditis is debatable, especially in the setting of inherent social and pathologic concerns. This study seeks to compare tricuspid valve repair, replacement, and excision for the treatment of infective endocarditis METHODS: A single center cardiac surgery database was queried between 2012 and 2016 to identify patients >18 years who underwent tricuspid valve surgery for infective endocarditis. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on the type of tricuspid valve surgery: valvectomy, repair, or replacement and evaluated to identify differences between the pre-op factors and outcomes including mortality, length of stay, and complications...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776868/hemorrhagic-cystitis-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-challenge-for-the-pediatric-urologist
#8
REVIEW
Romy Gander, Marino Asensio, Gabriela Guillén, Gloria Fatou Royo, Andrea Bolaños, Mercedes Pérez, Cristina Diaz-De-Heredia, Maribel Benitez, Manuel López
OBJECTIVE: Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a serious event that can occur after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Treatment goals are primarily to preserve life, and then the functionality of the bladder. There is no standard therapeutic approach for HC. Described treatment options provide low success rates and are related to potential life-threatening side effects. The aim of this study was to describe our experience in treatment of HC following HSCT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients with HC treated at our institution between January 2010 and October 2016...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773338/taking-stock-a-systematic-review-of-archaeological-evidence-of-cancers-in-human-and-early-hominin-remains
#9
Kathryn J Hunt, Charlotte Roberts, Casey Kirkpatrick
This study summarizes data from 154 paleopathological studies documenting 272 archaeologically recovered individuals exhibiting skeletal or soft tissue evidence of cancer (malignant neoplastic disease) between 1.8 million years ago and 1900 CE. The paper reviews and summarizes the temporal, spatial and demographic distribution of the evidence and the methods used to provide the cancer diagnoses. Metastasis to bone is the most widely reported evidence (n = 161), followed by multiple myeloma (n = 55)...
May 14, 2018: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772207/the-role-of-farming-and-rural-development-as-central-to-our-diets
#10
Jessica Fanzo
Farming and rural development are central to the diversity of global food systems and diets, both significant factors in determining the nutrition and health outcomes of the world's population. Diets are not static and indeed are changing due to globalization, urbanization and demographic shifts. In addition, multiple burdens of malnutrition (both undernutrition and overweight and obesity) are not improving fast enough and in some cases, reversing for the worse. Unhealthy diets are major contributors to these burdens...
May 14, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771374/our-inner-city-children-inflicted-with-burns-a-retrospective-analysis-of-pediatric-burn-admissions-at-harlem-hospital-ny
#11
Anant Dinesh, Thais Polanco, Khurram Khan, Alexius Ramcharan, Ryan Engdahl
Pediatric burns in the urban environment present special problems. Inner-city communities may be unique with hardships due to various socioeconomic factors. There is lack of literature analyzing pediatric burns in the inner-city, and there has been no report to date reviewing Harlem New York City, one of the most challenged areas in the nation. The aim of this study is to understand the pre-hospital circumstances, socioeconomic factors and management of pediatric burns admitted to our hospital. A retrospective review was performed including all patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the burn care unit from January 2006-May 2017...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770280/effect-of-body-mass-index-on-perioperative-outcomes-in-minimally-invasive-oblique-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-versus-open-fusions-a-multivariant-analysis
#12
Hamid Abbasi, Alex Grant
Background Obesity is an increasing public health concern associated with increased perioperative complications and expense in lumbar spine fusions. While open and mini-open fusions such as transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and minimally invasive TLIF (MIS-TLIF) are more challenging in obese patients, new MIS procedures like oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLLIF) may improve perioperative outcomes in obese patients relative to TLIF and MIS-TLIF. Purpose The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of obesity on perioperative outcomes in OLLIF, MIS-TLIF, and TLIF...
March 8, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770047/emerging-infectious-diseases-prediction-and-detection
#13
N H Ogden, P AbdelMalik, Jrc Pulliam
Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs), including West Nile virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Lyme disease, have had a direct effect within Canada, while many more EIDs such as Zika, chikungunya and Ebola are a threat to Canadians while travelling. Over 75% of EIDs affecting humans are, or were originally, zoonoses (infectious diseases transmitted from animals to humans). There are two main ways by which infectious diseases can emerge: by changes in their geographical ranges and by adaptive emergence, a genetic change in a microorganism that results in it becoming capable of invading a new niche, often by jumping to a new host species such as humans...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769063/trends-and-factors-associated-with-early-initiation-of-breastfeeding-in-namibia-analysis-of-the-demographic-and-health-surveys-2000-2013
#14
M N Ndirangu, S M Gatimu, H M Mwinyi, D C Kibiwott
BACKGROUND: Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) lowers the risk for all-cause mortality in babies, including those with low birth weight. However, rates of neonatal mortality and delayed initiation of breastfeeding remain high in most low- and middle-income countries. This study aimed to assess the trends and factors associated with EIBF in Namibia from 2000 to 2013. METHODS: An analysis of EIBF trends was conducted using data from three Namibia Demographic Health Surveys...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769057/patterns-of-care-for-anal-cancer-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-between-academic-and-community-cancer-centers
#15
Victor E Pricolo, Matteo Bonvini, Carlo F Abelli
BACKGROUND: Management of squamous cell carcinoma of the anus (SCCA) is becoming more relevant, as its incidence increases. The purpose of this study was to investigate possible differences in patient population and care delivery for SCCA between academic and community cancer programs in the United States. METHODS: A review of available data from the American College of Surgeons Committee on Cancer National Cancer DataBase focused on gender, age, race, type of health insurance, comorbidity score, distance traveled for care, stage at diagnosis, and therapy utilization (surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy) as first course of treatment (FCT)...
May 16, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765960/lichen-planopilaris-with-pustules-a-diagnostic-challenge
#16
Karina L Morais, Cintia F Martins, Alessandra Anzai, Neusa Y S Valente, Ricardo Romiti
Introduction: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a lymphocytic primary cicatricial alopecia presenting with scarring hair loss and variable degrees of perifollicular erythema and scaling. Pustules are infrequent and may mimic folliculitis decalvans (FD) and other forms of neutrophilic alopecia. We present a series of LPP cases with pustules and discuss the importance of differentiating them from primary neutrophilic folliculitis. Materials and Methods: Demographic, clinical, histopathological, and follow-up data of 13 cases of LPP with pustules followed at the Department of Dermatology of the University of São Paulo Medical School were described...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765822/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-resection-of-parapharyngeal-space-tumors
#17
Irit Duek, Gill E Sviri, Salem Billan, Ziv Gil
Background  Surgical removal of parapharyngeal space tumors (PPST) poses challenges due to the complex anatomy of the region. PPSTs are routinely resected by a transcervical approach using blind finger dissection. Large PPSTs or those located high at the skull base, often require transmandibular or infratemporal fossa approaches, associated with considerable morbidity. Objective  Here, we describe an approach for PPST removal that comprises transcervical endoscopic, with or without transoral robotic technique...
June 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765295/incentives-for-blood-donation-a-discrete-choice-experiment-to-analyze-extrinsic-motivation
#18
Andrew Sadler, Ling Shi, Susanne Bethge, Axel Mühlbacher
Background: Demographic trends affect size and age structure of populations. One of the consequences will be an increasing need for blood products to treat age-related diseases. Donation services rely on voluntariness and charitable motivation. It might be questioned whether there will be sufficient blood supply with voluntary donation. The present study focused on elicitation of preferences for incentives and aimed to contribute to the discussion on how to increase donation rates. Methods: A self-administered discrete choice experiment (DCE) was applied...
April 2018: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764634/first-generation-college-students-demographic-socio-economic-status-academic-experience-successes-and-challenges-at-pharmacy-schools-in-the-united-states
#19
Serge A Afeli, Tynesha A Houchins, Nieka S Jackson, Jacqueline Montoya
INTRODUCTION: Identify the demographic, socio-economic status, academic performance, and challenges of first generation college students (FGCS) enrolled in pharmacy schools. Investigate students' perception on the strengths of available resources to support FGCS during their tenure in pharmacy school. METHODS: About 342 FGCS and 248 non-FGCS (NFGCS) from 24 pharmacy schools participated in an online anonymous survey that evaluated students' demographics and socio-economic background, commitment to the pharmacy profession, strength of institutional support, and school experience...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764426/outcome-of-capacity-building-intervention-for-malaria-vector-surveillance-control-and-research-in-nigerian-higher-institutions
#20
Adedayo O Oduola, Abiodun Obembe, Olukayode J Adelaja, Adeniyi K Adeneye, Joel Akilah, Taiwo S Awolola
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of effective malaria vector control intervention tools, implementation of control programmes in Nigeria is challenged by inadequate entomological surveillance data. This study was designed to assess and build the existing capacity for malaria vector surveillance, control and research (MVSC&R) in Nigerian institutions. METHODS: Application call to select qualified candidates for the capacity building (CB) intervention training programme was advertised in a widely read newspaper and online platforms of national and international professional bodies...
May 15, 2018: Malaria Journal
keyword
keyword
49379
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"