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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943465/eeg-differences-between-eyes-closed-and-eyes-open-resting-remain-in-healthy-ageing
#1
Robert J Barry, Frances M De Blasio
In young adults and children, the eyes-closed (EC) resting state is one of low EEG arousal, with the change to eyes-open (EO) primarily involving an increase in arousal. We used this arousal perspective to interpret EC/EO differences in healthy young and older adults. EEG was recorded from 20 young (Mage=20.4years) and 20 gender-matched older (Mage=68.2years) right-handed adults during two 3min resting conditions; EC then EO. Older participants displayed less delta and theta, some reduction in alpha, and increased beta...
September 21, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941967/prescribed-exercise-programs-may-not-be-effective-in-reducing-impairments-and-improving-activity-during-upper-limb-fracture-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#2
Andrea M Bruder, Nora Shields, Karen J Dodd, Nicholas F Taylor
QUESTION: What is the effect of exercise on increasing participation and activity levels and reducing impairment in the rehabilitation of people with upper limb fractures? DESIGN: Systematic review of controlled trials. PARTICIPANTS: Adults following an upper limb fracture. INTERVENTION: Any exercise therapy program, including trials where exercise was delivered to both groups provided that the groups received different amounts of exercise...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933343/the-european-medical-corps-first-public-health-team-mission-and-future-perspectives
#3
Joana M Haussig, Ettore Severi, Jonathan Hj Baum, Veerle Vanlerberghe, Amparo Laiseca, Laurent Defrance, Cristina Brailescu, Denis Coulombier, Josep Jansa
The 2013-2016 Ebola epidemic in West Africa challenged traditional international mechanisms for public health team mobilisation to control outbreaks. Consequently, in February 2016, the European Union (EU) launched the European Medical Corps (EMC), a mechanism developed in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) to rapidly deploy teams and equipment in response to public health emergencies inside and outside the EU. Public Health Teams (PHTs), a component of the EMC, consist of experts in communicable disease prevention and control from participating countries and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), to support affected countries and WHO in risk assessment and outbreak response...
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932872/self-efficacy-and-barriers-to-disaster-evacuation-in-hong-kong
#4
Elizabeth A Newnham, Satchit Balsari, Rex Pui Kin Lam, Shraddha Kashyap, Phuong Pham, Emily Y Y Chan, Kaylie Patrick, Jennifer Leaning
OBJECTIVES: To investigate specific challenges to Hong Kong's capacity for effective disaster response, we assessed perceived barriers to evacuation and citizens' self-efficacy. METHODS: Global positioning system software was used to determine random sampling locations across Hong Kong, weighted by population density. The resulting sample of 1023 participants (46.5% female, mean age 40.74 years) were invited to complete questionnaires on emergency preparedness, barriers to evacuation and self-efficacy...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922092/from-risky-behaviour-to-sexy-adventures-reconceptualising-young-people-s-online-sexual-activities
#5
Marijke Naezer
Western discourses about young people and sexuality centre around the concept of risk. Anxieties have been fuelled by the increasing popularity of social media and practices such as 'sexting' and watching 'sexually explicit' materials online. Research has shown however that such risk discourses mainly serve to moralise about, pathologise and police particular behaviours and children. In order to counter such paternalism, researchers advocated a reconceptualisation of youth not as passive victims, but as active agents who actively negotiate sexual experiences and discourses...
September 18, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916349/offshore-iron-sand-extraction-in-new-zealand-potential-trace-metal-exposure-of-benthic-and-pelagic-biota
#6
Kay Vopel, Chris Pook, Peter Wilson, John Robertson
Plans to exploit an offshore source of iron sand in South Taranaki Bight (STB), New Zealand, caused concerns that such exploitation may expose benthic and pelagic biota to elevated trace metal concentrations. We conducted dilute-acid extractions and standard elutriate tests to investigate the potential of this exploitation to (1) create a new seafloor with elevated trace metal content, (2) mobilise trace metals during iron sand extraction and, (3) enrich the returning process seawater, which feeds iron sand through mills, with trace metals...
September 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915544/mobilisation-of-toxic-trace-elements-under-various-beach-nourishments
#7
Iris R Pit, Stefan C Dekker, Tobias J Kanters, Martin J Wassen, Jasper Griffioen
To enhance protection and maintain wide beaches for recreation, beaches are replenished with sand: so-called beach nourishments. We compared four sites: two traditional beach nourishments, a mega beach nourishment and a reference without beach nourishment. Two sites contain calcareous-rich sand, whereas the other two sites have calcareous-poor sand. We aimed to understand hydrogeochemical processes to indicate factors critical for the mobility of trace elements at nourishments. We therefore analysed the chemical characteristics of sediment and pore water to ascertain the main drivers that mobilise toxic trace elements...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914165/mobile-instant-messaging-for-rural-community-health-workers-a-case-from-malawi
#8
Christoph Pimmer, Susan Mhango, Alfred Mzumara, Francis Mbvundula
BACKGROUND: Mobile instant messaging (MIM) tools, such as WhatsApp, have transformed global communication practice. In the field of global health, MIM is an increasingly used, but little understood, phenomenon. OBJECTIVES: It remains unclear how MIM can be used by rural community health workers (CHWs) and their facilitators, and what are the associated benefits and constraints. To address this gap, WhatsApp groups were implemented and researched in a rural setting in Malawi...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913614/researchers-must-be-aware-of-their-roles-at-the-interface-of-ecosystem-services-science-and-policy
#9
Emilie Crouzat, Isabelle Arpin, Lucas Brunet, Matthew J Colloff, Francis Turkelboom, Sandra Lavorel
Scientists working on ecosystem service (ES) science are engaged in a mission-driven discipline. They can contribute to science-policy interfaces where knowledge is co-produced and used. How scientists engage with the governance arena to mobilise their knowledge remains a matter of personal choice, influenced by individual values. ES science cannot be considered neutral and a discussion of the values that shape it forms an important part of the sustainability dialogue. We propose a simple decision tree to help ES scientists identify their role and the purpose of the knowledge they produce...
September 14, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911338/organisational-culture-and-trust-as-influences-over-the-implementation-of-equity-oriented-policy-in-two-south-african-case-study-hospitals
#10
Ermin Erasmus, Lucy Gilson, Veloshnee Govender, Moremi Nkosi
BACKGROUND: This paper uses the concepts of organisational culture and organisational trust to explore the implementation of equity-oriented policies - the Uniform Patient Fee Schedule (UPFS) and Patients' Rights Charter (PRC) - in two South African district hospitals. It contributes to the small literatures on organisational culture and trust in low- and middle-income country health systems, and broader work on health systems' people-centeredness and "software". METHODS: The research entailed semi-structured interviews (Hospital A n = 115, Hospital B n = 80) with provincial, regional, district and hospital managers, as well as clinical and non-clinical hospital staff, hospital board members, and patients; observations of policy implementation, organisational functioning, staff interactions and patient-provider interactions; and structured surveys operationalising the Competing Values Framework for measuring organisational culture (Hospital A n = 155, Hospital B n = 77) and Organisational Trust Inventory (Hospital A n = 185, Hospital B n = 92) for assessing staff-manager trust...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911324/leadership-and-governance-of-community-health-worker-programmes-at-scale-a-cross-case-analysis-of-provincial-implementation-in-south-africa
#11
Helen Schneider, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo
BACKGROUND: National community health worker (CHW) programmes are returning to favour as an integral part of primary health care systems, often on the back of pre-existing community based initiatives. There are significant challenges to the integration and support of such programmes, and they require coordination and stewardship at all levels of the health system. This paper explores the leadership and governance tasks of large-scale CHW programmes at sub-national level, through the case of national reforms to South Africa's community based sector, referred to as the Ward Based Outreach Team (WBOT) strategy...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910597/predictors-of-change-in-social-networks-support-and-satisfaction-following-a-first-episode-psychosis-a-cohort-study
#12
Laoise Renwick, Liz Owens, John Lyne, Brian O'Donoghue, Eric Roche, Jonathan Drennan, Ann Sheridan, Mark Pilling, Eadbhard O'Callaghan, Mary Clarke
BACKGROUND: Diminished social networks are common in psychosis but few studies have measured these comprehensively and prospectively to determine how networks and support evolve during the early phase. There is little information regarding perceived support in the early phase of illness. The aim of this study was to describe social support, networks and perceived satisfaction, explore the clinical correlates of these outcomes and examine whether phases of untreated psychosis are linked with social network variables to determine potential opportunities for intervention...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901992/european-guidelines-on-perioperative-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-surgery-in-the-elderly
#13
Sibylle Kozek-Langenecker, Christian Fenger-Eriksen, Emmanuel Thienpont, Giedrius Barauskas
: The risk for postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is increased in patients aged more than 70 years and in elderly patients presenting with co-morbidities, for example cardiovascular disorders, malignancy or renal insufficiency. Therefore, risk stratification, correction of modifiable risks and sustained perioperative thromboprophylaxis are essential in this patient population. Timing and dosing of pharmacoprophylaxis may be adopted from the non-aged population. Direct oral anti-coagulants are effective and well tolerated in the elderly; statins may not replace pharmacological thromboprophylaxis...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901871/citizenship-and-learning-disabled-people-the-mental-health-charity-mind-s-1970s-campaign-in-historical%C3%A2-context
#14
Jonathan Toms
Current policy and practice directed towards people with learning disabilities originates in the deinstitutionalisation processes, civil rights concerns and integrationist philosophies of the 1970s and 1980s. However, historians know little about the specific contexts within which these were mobilised. Although it is rarely acknowledged in the secondary literature, MIND was prominent in campaigning for rights-based services for learning disabled people during this time. This article sets MIND's campaign within the wider historical context of the organisation's origins as a main institution of the inter-war mental hygiene movement...
October 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893014/comparison-of-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-versus-local-infiltration-analgesia-as-a-postoperative-analgesia-in-unilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Deepika Chaubey, Hari Krishan Mahajan, Parshu Ram Chauhan, Preeti S Govind, Pushpinder Singh, Ravinder Dhanevar, Abhinav Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Local infiltration of knee joint in arthroplasty, provide postoperative analgesia and preserves motor power of quadriceps, which helps in early mobilisation, as compared to femoral nerve block which paralyses vastus medialis. AIM: To compare the quality of postoperative analgesia provided by femoral nerve block and local infiltration in unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted on 60 patients (25-65 years) of ASA I and II, which were randomly(using random number table) divided into two groups - Group 1-femoral nerve block (FNB) and Group 2-Local Infiltration Analgesia (LIA)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890938/positive-selection-inhibits-gene-mobilisation-and-transfer-in-soil-bacterial-communities
#16
James P J Hall, David Williams, Steve Paterson, Ellie Harrison, Michael A Brockhurst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882509/clinical-benefits-of-joint-mobilisation-on-ankle-sprains-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Ishanka Weerasekara, Peter Osmotherly, Suzanne Snodgrass, Jodie Marquez, Rutger de Zoete, Darren A Rivett
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical benefits of joint mobilisation on ankle sprains. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, MEDLINE In Process, Embase, AMED, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane library, PEDro, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Dissertations and Thesis were searched from inception to June, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Studies investigating humans with a grade I or II lateral or medial sprains of the ankle in any pathological state from acute to chronic, who had been treated with joint mobilisation were considered for inclusion...
September 4, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879640/creative-tensions-mutual-responsiveness-adapted-to-private-sector-research-and-development
#18
Matti Sonck, Lotte Asveld, Laurens Landeweerd, Patricia Osseweijer
The concept of mutual responsiveness is currently based on little empirical data in the literature of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI). This paper explores RRI's idea of mutual responsiveness in the light of recent RRI case studies on private sector research and development (R&D). In RRI, responsible innovation is understood as a joint endeavour of innovators and societal stakeholders, who become mutually responsive to each other in defining the 'right impacts' of the innovation in society, and in steering the innovation towards realising those impacts...
September 7, 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877041/sodium-mri-a-new-frontier-in-imaging-in-nephrology
#19
Susan Francis, Charlotte E Buchanan, Ben Prestwich, Maarten W Taal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on the recent technological advances in quantitative sodium (Na) MRI to provide a noninvasive measure of tissue viability for use in clinical studies of patients with kidney disease. Na MRI is the only noninvasive imaging technique that allows for the absolute spatial quantification of tissue sodium concentration (TSC), providing assessment of the corticomedullary sodium gradient (CMSG) in the kidney, and allowing measures of TSC in the skin and muscle...
September 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876608/laparoscopic-left-lateral-sectionectomy-at-dr-george-mukhari-academic-hospital
#20
M Govender, O Y Matsevych
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy has rapidly become a standard of care for patients requiring excision of segments 2 and 3. We present our technique of the resection. METHOD: Videos of patients having had left lateral sectionectomies were reviewed. Patients were placed in supine with reverse Trendelenburg position. Three ports were used: one 12 mm at the umbilicus for the camera, one 12 mm placed 5 cm above and to the right of the umbilicus and one 5 mm port to the left...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
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