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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332737/effect-of-a-lateral-glide-mobilisation-with-movement-of-the-hip-on-vibration-threshold-in-healthy-volunteers
#1
Darren A Smith, Jacob Saranga, Andrew Pritchard, Nikolaos A Kommatas, Shinu Kovelal Punnoose, Supriya Tukaram Kale
BACKGROUND: Mulligan's mobilisation-with-movement (MWM) techniques are proposed to achieve their clinical benefit via neurophysiological mechanisms. However, previous research has focussed on responses in the sympathetic nervous system only, and is not conclusive. An alternative measure of neurophysiological response to MWM is required to support or refute this mechanism of action. Recently, vibration threshold (VT) has been used to quantify changes in the sensory nervous system in patients experiencing musculoskeletal pain...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332647/social-support-a-key-factor-for-adherence-to-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-treatment
#2
R D Deshmukh, D J Dhande, K S Sachdeva, A N Sreenivas, A M V Kumar, M Parmar
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is emerging as a major public health problem globally. Treatment success rates in MDR-TB across the globe are not encouraging as completing MDR-TB treatment successfully is challenging due to high proportion of lost to follow up. METHODS: Using qualitative methods and grounded theory approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with MDR-TB patients and treatment providers. The social cognitive framework was explored as a way to guide understanding of the factors affecting treatment adherence among MDR-TB patients...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331268/the-population-biology-and-transmission-dynamics-of-loa-loa
#3
REVIEW
Charles Whittaker, Martin Walker, Sébastien D S Pion, Cédric B Chesnais, Michel Boussinesq, María-Gloria Basáñez
Endemic to Central Africa, loiasis - or African eye worm (caused by the filarial nematode Loa loa) - affects more than 10 million people. Despite causing ocular and systemic symptoms, it has typically been considered a benign condition, only of public health relevance because it impedes mass drug administration-based interventions against onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis in co-endemic areas. Recent research has challenged this conception, demonstrating excess mortality associated with high levels of infection, implying that loiasis warrants attention as an intrinsic public health problem...
January 10, 2018: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330390/freezing-the-graft-is-not-necessary-for-autotransplants-for-plasma-cell-myeloma-and-lymphomas
#4
Amado Kardduss-Urueta, Robert Peter Gale, César H Gutierrez-Aguirre, Miguel Angel Herrera-Rojas, Iván Murrieta-Álvarez, Rosendo Perez-Fontalvo, Guillermo J Ruiz-Delgado, Giovanni Ruiz-Rojas, Gregorio Jaimovich, Leonardo Feldman, Nancy Labastida-Mercado, Alicia Endara, Martín Castro, Samantha Galindo-Becerra, María Angélica Cardona-Molina, David Gomez-Almaguer, Guillermo J Ruiz-Argüelles
We studied rates of granulocyte and platelets recovery in 359 consecutive subjects receiving blood cell infusions in the context of autotransplants for plasma cell myeloma (N = 216) and lymphomas (N = 143). Blood cells were mobilised with filgrastim given for 4-5 days and collected after a median of 2 (range, 1-2) apheresis. Apheresis products were stored at 4° C for a median of 3 days (range, 2-6 days). Most subjects received carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan (BEAM), cyclophosphamide, carmustine and etoposide (CBV) or high-dose melphalan...
January 12, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325025/towards-an-understanding-of-resilience-responding-to-health-systems-shocks
#5
Johanna Hanefeld, Susannah Mayhew, Helena Legido-Quigley, Frederick Martineau, Marina Karanikolos, Karl Blanchet, Marco Liverani, Esther Yei Mokuwa, Gillian McKay, Dina Balabanova
The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe...
January 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322613/forward-view-advancing-health-library-and-knowledge-services-in-england
#6
Sue Lacey Bryant, Helen Bingham, Ruth Carlyle, Alison Day, Linda Ferguson, David Stewart
This article is the fourth in a series on New Directions. The National Health Service is under pressure, challenged to meet the needs of an ageing population, whilst striving to improve standards and ensure decision making is underpinned by evidence. Health Education England is steering a new course for NHS library and knowledge services in England to ensure access to knowledge and evidence for all decision makers. Knowledge for Healthcare calls for service transformation, role redesign, greater coordination and collaboration...
January 10, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321920/impact-of-medial-to-lateral-vs-lateral-to-medial-approach-on-short-term-and-cancer-related-outcomes-in-laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Anwar Hussain, Fahad Mahmood, Andrew W Torrance, Achilleas Tsiamis
Background: Laparoscopic surgery is the favoured method of colorectal cancer resections. It is surgeon expertise and discretion to choose whether to mobilize colon lateral-to-medial or medial-to-lateral. We aim to identify the advantage of one approach over the other in short-term and cancerrelated outcomes. Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained database of all laparoscopic colorectal resections with curative-intent, in a single unit, from March 2013 to October 2014...
February 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318985/a-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-of-intraoperative-cell-salvage-during-caesarean-section-in-women-at-risk-of-haemorrhage-the-salvo-cell-salvage-in-obstetrics-trial
#8
Khalid S Khan, Philip Moore, Matthew Wilson, Richard Hooper, Shubha Allard, Ian Wrench, Tracy Roberts, Carol McLoughlin, Lee Beresford, James Geoghegan, Jane Daniels, Sue Catling, Vicki A Clark, Paul Ayuk, Stephen Robson, Fang Gao-Smith, Matthew Hogg, Louise Jackson, Doris Lanz, Julie Dodds
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section is associated with blood loss and maternal morbidity. Excessive blood loss requires transfusion of donor (allogeneic) blood, which is a finite resource. Cell salvage returns blood lost during surgery to the mother. It may avoid the need for donor blood transfusion, but reliable evidence of its effects is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To determine if routine use of cell salvage during caesarean section in mothers at risk of haemorrhage reduces the rates of blood transfusion and postpartum maternal morbidity, and is cost-effective, in comparison with standard practice without routine salvage use...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318981/magnesium-homeostasis-in-cattle-absorption-and-excretion
#9
Holger Martens, Sabine Leonhard-Marek, Monika Röntgen, Friederike Stumpff
Magnesium (Mg2+) is an essential mineral without known specific regulatory mechanisms. In ruminants, plasma Mg2+ concentration depends primarily on the balance between Mg2+ absorption and Mg2+ excretion. The primary site of Mg2+ absorption is the rumen, where Mg2+ is apically absorbed by both potential-dependent and potential-independent uptake mechanisms, reflecting involvement of ion channels and electroneutral transporters, respectively. Transport is energised in a secondary active manner by a basolateral Na+/Mg2+ exchanger...
January 10, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318337/full-endoscopic-posterior-foraminotomy-surgery-for-cervical-disc-herniations
#10
REVIEW
M Komp, S Oezdemir, P Hahn, S Ruetten
OBJECTIVE: Surgery for cervical disc herniation with full-endoscopic posterior access. INDICATIONS: Cervical disc herniation and neuroforaminal pathology with radicular symptoms. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Neck pain alone, cervical myelopathy or pathologies with central nervous system symptoms, instabilities requiring correction/instabilities. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Introduction of a surgical tube to the facet joint at the level to be operated on...
January 9, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318336/-decompression-for-cervical-disc-herniation-using-the-full-endoscopic-anterior-technique-german-version
#11
REVIEW
S Oezdemir, M Komp, P Hahn, S Ruetten
OBJECTIVE: Resection of a cervical disc herniation using a full-endoscopic technique with an anterior approach. INDICATION: Fresh disc herniation with monoradicular symptoms in the upper extremity. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Pure neck pain, cervical myelopathy, older and calcified disc herniations, higher grade of instability and deformity. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Introduction of a guidewire and dilatator to a cervical disc using an anterior approach...
January 9, 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315979/prevention-of-pressure-ulcers-in-patients-undergoing-sub-acute-rehabilitation-after-severe-brain-injury-an-observational-study
#12
Marianne Brostrup Sachs, Mia Moth Wolffbrandt, Ingrid Poulsen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to uncover efforts made by healthcare professionals to prevent pressure ulcers (PUs) in patients with severe brain injury undergoing treatment at a sub-acute rehabilitation department. BACKGROUND: PUs is a major burden for patients and also generate considerable healthcare costs. PUs are, nevertheless, prevalent in both secondary and primary care. DESIGN: In this qualitative study, we performed 24-hour observation on four patients undergoing rehabilitation for severe brain injury...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313906/respiratory-complications-of-anaesthesia
#13
REVIEW
G H Mills
Postoperative pulmonary complications are a major determinant of outcome for patients and consume huge resources within hospital, particularly in critical care. Prediction and anticipation of postoperative pulmonary complications are vital for patient selection and, in some cases, for informed patient consent. Being able to assess the likelihood of postoperative pulmonary complications also allows research into methods to reduce them by allowing allocation of patients to the appropriate arms of research trials...
January 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313885/interferon-%C3%AE-treatment-increases-endocannabinoid-and-related-n-acylethanolamine-levels-in-t84-human-colon-carcinoma-cells
#14
Mireille Alhouayek, Linda Rankin, Sandra Gouveia-Figueira, Christopher J Fowler
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endocannabinoids and related N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are involved in regulation of gut function, but relatively little is known as to whether inflammatory cytokines such as interferon γ (IFNγ) affect their levels. We have investigated this in vitro using T84 colon cancer cells, which when cultured in monolayers differentiate to form adult colonic crypt-like cells with excellent permeability barrier properties. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: NAE levels were determined by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric analysis...
January 3, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298314/improving-mapping-for-ebola-response-through-mobilising-a-local-community-with-self-owned-smartphones-tonkolili-district-sierra-leone-january-2015
#15
Laura M Nic Lochlainn, Ivan Gayton, Georgios Theocharopoulos, Robin Edwards, Kostas Danis, Ronald Kremer, Karline Kleijer, Sumaila M Tejan, Mohamed Sankoh, Augustin Jimissa, Jane Greig, Grazia Caleo
BACKGROUND: During the 2014-16 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, the Magburaka Ebola Management Centre (EMC) operated by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone, identified that available district maps lacked up-to-date village information to facilitate timely implementation of EVD control strategies. In January 2015, we undertook a survey in chiefdoms within the MSF EMC catchment area to collect mapping and village data. We explore the feasibility and cost to mobilise a local community for this survey, describe validation against existing mapping sources and use of the data to prioritise areas for interventions, and lessons learned...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297441/tackling-tuberculosis-in-sub-saharan-africa-edctp-achievements-and-the-road-ahead
#16
M A Surette, P Beattie, T Nyirenda, O F Olesen
The European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) was established in 2003 to accelerate the development of medical interventions for tuberculosis (TB), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malaria, with a particular focus on Phase II and III clinical trials. Between 2003 and 2015, the first EDCTP programme committed €65.6 million to research on TB and TB-HIV co-infection. The programme made a significant contribution to the first three elements of the DOTS TB control strategy, which mobilised European and African funding for TB-related research and generated important evidence on TB diagnostics and treatment regimens...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281721/physiological-and-biochemical-responses-involved-in-water-deficit-tolerance-of-nitrogen-fixing-vicia-faba
#17
Ablaa Kabbadj, Bouchra Makoudi, Mohammed Mouradi, Nicolas Pauly, Pierre Frendo, Cherki Ghoulam
Climate change is increasingly impacting the water deficit over the world. Because of drought and the high pressure of the rising human population, water is becoming a scarce and expensive commodity, especially in developing countries. The identification of crops presenting a higher acclimation to drought stress is thus an important objective in agriculture. The present investigation aimed to assess the adaptation of three Vicia faba genotypes, Aguadulce (AD), Luz d'Otonio (LO) and Reina Mora (RM) to water deficit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277974/registered-nurse-intent-to-promote-physical-activity-for-hospitalised-liver-transplant-recipients
#18
Jocelyn A Pearson, Kara Mangold, Heidi E Kosiorek, Morgan Montez, Diane M Smith, Brenda J Tyler
AIM: To describe how registered nurse work motivation, attitudes, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control influence intention to promote physical activity in hospitalised adult liver transplant recipients. DESIGN: Descriptive study of clinical registered nurses caring for recipients of liver transplant at a tertiary medical centre. METHODS: Intent to Mobilise Liver Transplant Recipient Scale, Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale, and demographics were used to explore registered nurses' work motivation, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and intention to promote physical activity of hospitalised adult liver transplant recipients during the acute postoperative phase...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277031/antimony-and-arsenic-partitioning-during-fe2-induced-transformation-of-jarosite-under-acidic-conditions
#19
Niloofar Karimian, Scott G Johnston, Edward D Burton
Jarosite [KFe3(SO4)2(OH)6] is considered a potent scavenger for arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb) under oxidizing conditions. Fluctuations in water levels in re-flooded acid sulfate soils (ASS) can lead to high Fe2+(aq) concentrations (∼10-20 mM) in the soil solution under acidic to circumneutral pH conditions. This may create favorable conditions for the Fe2+-induced transformation of jarosite. In this study, synthetic arsenate [As(V)]/antimonate [Sb(V)]-bearing jarosite was subjected to Fe2+(aq) (20 mM) at pH 4...
December 22, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275138/does-a-history-of-psychoactive-substances-abuse-play-a-role-in-the-level-of-pain-of-the-patient-with-severe-trauma
#20
C López-López, A Arranz-Esteban, M V Martinez-Ureta, M C Sánchez-Rascón, C Morales-Sánchez, M Chico-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the influence of psychotropic substance use on the level of pain in patients with severe trauma. DESIGN: Longitudinal analytical study. SCOPE: Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Trauma and Emergencies. PATIENTS: severe trauma, non-communicative and mechanical ventilation >48hours. Two groups of patients were created: users and non-users of psychotropic substances according to medical records. INTERVENTIONS: Measurement of pain level at baseline and during mobilization, using the Pain Indicator Behaviour Scale...
December 20, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
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