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Allergic rhinitis baby

Isabella Pali-Schöll, Jennifer Namazy, Erika Jensen-Jarolim
Every fifth pregnant woman is affected by allergies, especially rhinitis and asthma. Allergic symptoms existing before pregnancy may be either attenuated, or equally often promoted through pregnancy. Optimal allergy and asthma diagnosis and management during pregnancy is vital to ensure the welfare of mother and baby. For allergy diagnosis in pregnancy, preferentially anamnestic investigation as well as in vitro testing should be applied, whereas skin testing or provocation tests should be postponed until after birth...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
Jong-Han Leem, Kyu Hyuck Chung
According to previous survey, about two million of people were expected to suffer from toxic effects due to humidifier disinfectant (HD), regardless of healing or not. Extremely small group are recognized as HDs' victims. Up to now, previous research tried to focus on interstitial fibrosis on terminal bronchiole because it is specific finding, compared with other diseases. To figure out overall effects from HDs, we recommend adverse outcome pathways (AOPs) as new approach. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, decreased T-cell and pro-inflammatory cytokine release from macrophage could be key events between the exposure to HDs and diseases...
2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Vivian Chia-Rong Hsieh, Chin-Chen Liu, Yu-Chen Hsiao, Trong-Neng Wu
PURPOSE: Despite links between maternal and child health status, evidence on the association between gum infection in pregnant mothers and childhood allergies is scarce. We aim to evaluate the risk of developing allergy in children born to periodontal mothers in a nationwide study. METHODS: We conducted a 9-year population-based, retrospective cohort study using Taiwan's National Health Insurance database. A study cohort of 42,217 newborns born to mothers with periodontal disease during pregnancy was identified in 2001 and matched with 42,334 babies born to mothers without any infection (control) by mother's age at delivery and baby sex...
2016: PloS One
Jai Namazy, M Schatz
Pregnancy may be complicated by new-onset or preexisting asthma and allergic rhinitis.This article reviews the recognition and management of asthma and allergic rhinitis during pregnancy, paying close attention to the general principles of allergy and use of asthma medication during pregnancy. Both allergic rhinitis and asthma can adversely affect both maternal quality of life and, in the case of maternal asthma, perinatal outcomes. Optimal management is thus important for both mother and baby. This article reviews the safety of asthma and allergy medications commonly used during pregnancy...
2016: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Max Wiseberg
Spring and summer can bring misery to millions who suffer from allergic reactions to pollen. Hay fever can cause runny noses, streaming eyes and sore throats. Sadly, many treatments for this distressing condition are not recommended during pregnancy because of fears surrounding the effect on the unborn child. This article presents the causes and treatments of hay fever and explores the alternatives for use during pregnancy which may be able to relieve or minimise the unpleasant symptoms without harming the baby...
May 2014: Practising Midwife
Andrea von Berg
Allergen exposure in the early postnatal life of an infant with a genetic predisposition for allergy is regarded as at least one essential risk factor for later development of allergic diseases. The most important allergen exposure in early life derives from the early nutrition of the baby. Thus, intervention based on the concept of reducing the allergen load in the diet is one approach for primary allergy prevention in children at risk. This includes breastfeeding, allergen-reduced diet of the pregnant and lactating mother, cow milk protein hydrolysate infant formulas (= hypoallergenic infant formula or HA formulas) and time of introduction of complementary food...
2013: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Can-hong Zhu, Ji-xian Liu, Xian-hong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate risk influencing factors of asthma for children in Suzhou City, China. METHODS: A survey of asthma was conducted on children aged 0 - 14 with or without asthma from September 2010 to April 2011 in Pingjiang district of Suzhou city. A total of 271 children diagnosed with asthma were considered as a case group, and 271 non-asthmatic children with the same age, sex and living region formed the control group. Risk factors were analyzed with χ(2) test and logistic regression analysis...
May 2012: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
D McBride, T Keil, L Grabenhenrich, R Dubakiene, G Drasutiene, A Fiocchi, L Dahdah, A B Sprikkelman, A A Schoemaker, G Roberts, K Grimshaw, M L Kowalski, A Stanczyk-Przyluska, S Sigurdardottir, M Clausen, N G Papadopoulos, D Mitsias, L Rosenfeld, M Reche, C Pascual, A Reich, J Hourihane, U Wahn, E N C Mills, A Mackie, K Beyer
It is unclear why some children develop food allergy. The EuroPrevall birth cohort was established to examine regional differences in the prevalence and risk factors of food allergy in European children using gold-standard diagnostic criteria. The aim of this report was to describe pre-, post-natal and environmental characteristics among the participating countries. In nine countries across four major European climatic regions, mothers and their newborns were enrolled from October 2005 through February 2010...
May 2012: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Isabella Pali-Schöll, Cassim Motala, Erika Jensen-Jarolim
Asthma and allergic disorders can affect the course and outcome of pregnancy. Pregnancy itself may also affect the course of asthma and related diseases. Optimal management of these disorders during pregnancy is vital to ensure the welfare of the mother and the baby.Specific pharmacological agents for treatment of asthma or allergic diseases must be cautiously selected and are discussed here with respect to safety considerations in pregnancy. Although most drugs do not harm the fetus, this knowledge is incomplete...
March 2009: World Allergy Organization Journal
K C Lødrup Carlsen, P Mowinckel, B Granum, K-H Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Early life appears optimal for prevention of asthma, but interventions require a relevant target population, to date not clearly identified at birth. OBJECTIVE: We therefore aimed to identify the predicting capacity of factors known around birth for asthma and rhinitis at 10 years. METHODS: The included 614 healthy term babies with lung function measured at birth in the 1992/1993 Environment and Childhood Asthma study in Oslo attended a 10-year follow-up visit including a structured interview and skin prick test (SPT) for allergies...
December 2010: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
G Chirico, F Beccagutti
The main functions of the nasal airway are respiration and olfaction. The nose and sinuses condition air before reaching the lower respiratory tract by providing almost 100% humidification, warming, filtering and trapping of foreign particles. The airway epithelium contributes to the host defense system. Any alteration of this clearance system may produce significant problems, particularly in neonates, who are obligate nasal breathers until they are at least two months old. Nasal obstruction, and the inability to remove nasal secretion by nose blowing, may have serious consequences, such as respiratory distress or discomfort, altered sleep cycle, increased risk of obstructive apnoea and feeding difficulties...
October 2010: Minerva Pediatrica
Yoshihiro Miyake, Satoshi Sasaki, Keiko Tanaka, Yoshio Hirota
It is uncertain whether B group vitamins are risk or preventive factors for allergic disorders. We prospectively investigated the association between maternal intake of folate and vitamins B(12) , B(6) , and B(2) during pregnancy and the risk of wheeze and eczema in the infants aged 16-24 months. Subjects were 763 Japanese mother-child pairs. Data on maternal intake during pregnancy were assessed with a diet history questionnaire (DHQ). Symptoms of wheeze and eczema were based on criteria of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood...
February 2011: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Jessica C Kassel, David King, Geoffrey Kp Spurling
BACKGROUND: Acute upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs), including the common cold and rhinosinusitis, are common afflictions that cause discomfort and debilitation, and contribute significantly to workplace absenteeism. Treatment is generally by antipyretic and mucolytic drugs, and often antibiotics, even though most infections are viral. Nasal irrigation with saline is often employed as an adjunct treatment for chronic or allergic sinusitis, but little is known about its effect on acute URTIs...
March 17, 2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
H-J Wen, P-C Chen, T-L Chiang, S-J Lin, Y-L Chuang, Y-L Guo
BACKGROUND: Hereditary and environmental factors contribute to the occurrence of atopic dermatitis (AD). However, the interaction of these two factors is not totally understood. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the early risk factors for infantile AD at the age of 6 months and to develop a predictive model for the development of AD. METHODS: In 2005, a representative sample of mother and newborn pairs was obtained by multistage, stratified systematic sampling from the Taiwan national birth register...
November 2009: British Journal of Dermatology
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Satoshi Sasaki, Chikako Kiyohara, Yukihiro Ohya, Wakaba Fukushima, Tetsuji Yokoyama, Yoshio Hirota
Epidemiological studies associated with breastfeeding have provided conflicting results about whether it is preventive or a risk factor for atopic eczema in children. The current prospective study investigated the relationship between breastfeeding and the risk of atopic eczema in Japan. A birth cohort of 763 infants was followed. The first survey during pregnancy and the second survey between 2 and 9 months postpartum collected information on potential confounding factors and atopic eczema status. Data on breastfeeding and symptoms of atopic eczema were obtained from questionnaires in the third survey from 16 to 24 months postpartum...
May 2009: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Satoshi Sasaki, Yukihiro Ohya, Yoshio Hirota et al.
PURPOSE: It remains controversial whether environmental tobacco smoke increases the risk of allergic diseases. The present prospective cohort study examined whether in utero exposure to maternal smoking and postnatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke were associated with the development of wheeze, asthma, and atopic eczema in Japanese infants. METHODS: Study subjects included 763 infants. Data were obtained through the use of questionnaires completed by the mother during pregnancy and at 2 to 9 and 16 to 24 months postdelivery...
November 2008: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Mohammad S Ehlayel, Abdulbari Bener
Exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) seems to reduce risk of allergies in the western countries, but there are few reports from developing countries. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of EBF on the development of allergic diseases and eczema in a developing country. This is a cross-sectional survey done at the well-baby clinics of 11 primary health centers, Hamad Medical Corporation, Qatar. A multistage sampling design was used and a representative sample of 1500 children (0-5 years old) and mothers (18-47 years old) were surveyed between October 2006 and September 2007...
July 2008: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
A Bener, M S Ehlayel, S Alsowaidi, A Sabbah
BACKGROUND: The fact that breastfeeding may protect against allergic diseases remains controversial, with hardly any reports from developing countries. Prolonged breastfeeding was shown to reduce the risk of allergic and respiratory diseases. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between breastfeeding and the development of childhood asthma and allergic diseases in Qatari children at age 0-5 years. Additionally, this study investigated the effect of prolonged breastfeeding on the allergic diseases in a developing country...
December 2007: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Y Miyake, K Tanaka, S Sasaki, C Kiyohara, Y Ohya, W Fukushima, T Yokoyama, Y Hirota
Epidemiological evidence for an effect of breastfeeding on asthma continues to be inconclusive. The present prospective study examined the relationship between breastfeeding and the risk of wheeze and asthma in Japanese infants. A birth cohort of 763 infants was followed. The first survey during pregnancy and the second survey between 2 and 9 months postpartum collected information on potential confounding factors. Data on breastfeeding, wheeze, and asthma were obtained from questionnaires in the third survey from 16 to 24 months postpartum...
September 2008: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
J S Choi, J Y Han, M Y Kim, E Y Velázquez-Armenta, A A Nava-Ocampo
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to report the maternal and fetal outcomes of women with respiratory illnesses who were treated with inhaled fluticasone during pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified 12 cases treated with inhaled fluticasone during pregnancy out of women who received obstetric and teratogen-risk evaluation at the Korean Motherisk Program. A detailed medical and obstetric history was obtained and cases were followed-up until either spontaneous or voluntary pregnancy termination or delivery occurred...
November 2007: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
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