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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090192/spinal-rehabilitative-exercise-or-manual-treatment-for-the-prevention-of-cervicogenic-headache-in-adults
#1
Mitchell Haas, Gert Brønfort, Roni L Evans, Brent Leininger, John Schmitt, Morris Levin, Kristine Westrom, Charles H Goldsmith
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To quantify and compare the short- and long-term effects of manual treatment and spinal rehabilitative exercise for cervicogenic headache, classified according to the International Headache Society's (IHS) diagnostic criteria, with an active or placebo/sham comparison or wait-list control.
May 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089145/effect-of-exercise-training-on-endothelial-function-in-heart-failure-patients-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#2
M J Pearson, N A Smart
OBJECTIVE: Endothelial dysfunction contributes to the development and progression of cardiovascular disease and heart failure (HF) and is associated with an increased risk of mortality. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is widely utilised to assess endothelial function and is improved with exercise training in heart failure patients. The aim of this meta-analysis is to quantify the effect of exercise training in patients with heart failure. BACKGROUND: A large number of studies now exist that have examined endothelial function in patients with heart failure...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079616/evaluation-of-an-outpatient-rehabilitative-program-to-address-mobility-limitations-among-older-adults
#3
Lorna G Brown, Meng Ni, Catherine T Schmidt, Jonathan F Bean
Live Long Walk Strong is a clinical demonstration program for community-dwelling older patients. It was designed to be consistent with current fall prevention guidelines and reimbursed under the Medicare model. Patients were screened within primary care and referred to a physiatrist followed by systematic assessment and treatment within an outpatient rehabilitative care setting. The treatment included behavioral modification, fall prevention education, community/home exercise integration, and exercise targeting strength, power, flexibility, balance, and endurance...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079615/neuromuscular-weakness-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-chest-wall-diaphragm-and-peripheral-muscle-contributions
#4
Adam Alter, Loutfi S Aboussouan, Eduardo Mireles-Cabodevila
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic obstructive lung disease affects the lung parenchyma and airways leading to well described effects in respiratory function. This review describes the current knowledge and advances regarding neuromuscular function and chest wall mechanics, which are affected in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). RECENT FINDINGS: In COPD, progressive lung hyperinflation becomes constrained by a chest wall with decreasing capacity to expand, resulting in respiratory muscle inefficiency...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079430/multimodal-prehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-before-and-after-colorectal-surgery-for-cancer-a-five-year-research-experience
#5
Enrico Maria Minnella, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli
BACKGROUND: Multimodal prehabilitation is a preoperative conditioning intervention in form of exercise, nutritional assessment, whey protein supplementation, and anxiety-coping technique. Despite recent evidence suggesting that prehabilitation could improve functional capacity in patients undergoing colorectal surgery for cancer, all studies were characterized by a relatively small sample size. The aim of this study was to confirm what was previously found in three small population trials...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077613/socioeconomic-deprivation-and-the-outcome-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-england-and-wales
#6
Michael C Steiner, Derek Lowe, Katy Beckford, John Blakey, Charlotte E Bolton, Sarah Elkin, William D-C Man, C Michael Roberts, Louise Sewell, Paul Walker, Sally J Singh
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves exercise capacity and health status in patients with COPD, but many patients assessed for PR do not complete therapy. It is unknown whether socioeconomic deprivation associates with rates of completion of PR or the magnitude of clinical benefits bequeathed by PR. METHODS: PR services across England and Wales enrolled patients to the National PR audit in 2015. Deprivation was assessed using Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) derived from postcodes...
January 11, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075500/very-short-short-term-benefit-of-inpatient-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery
#7
Dejan Spiroski, Mojsije Andjić, Olivera Ilić Stojanović, Milica Lazović, Ana Djordjević Dikić, Miodrag Ostojić, Branko Beleslin, Snežana Kostić, Marija Zdravković, Dragan Lović
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based rehabilitation is an important part of treatment patients following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate effect of very short/short-term exercise training on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) parameters. METHODS: We studied 54 consecutive patients with myocardial infarction (MI) treated with CABG surgery referred for rehabilitation. The study population consisted of 50 men and 4 women (age 57...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075423/effects-of-device-guided-slow-breathing-training-on-exercise-capacity-cardiac-function-and-respiratory-patterns-during-sleep-in-male-and-female-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#8
Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Grzegorz Bilo, Tomasz Drożdż, Dorota Dębicka-Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Gabriella Malfatto, Katarzyna Styczkiewicz, Carolina Lombardi, Agnieszka Bednarek, Sabrina Salerno, Danuta Czarnecka, Gianfranco Parati
INTRODUCTION    Slow breathing training (SBT) has been proposed as new non-pharmacological treatment in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients.  OBJECTIVES    The aim of this study was to assess the effects of SBT on exercise capacity, haemodynamic parameters and sleep respiratory patterns in a relatively large sample of CHF patients. PATIENTS ABD METHODS    A cross-over open study was conducted. The patients completed, in random order, 10-12 week periods of SBT with the RESPeRATE device (InterCure Ltd...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074681/community-based-exercise-in-the-context-of-hiv
#9
Anna Li, Taylor McCabe, Erin Silverstein, Stephanie Dragan, Nancy M Salbach, Mehdi Zobeiry, Sarah Beldick, Chris Godi, Kelly K O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors to consider for developing and implementing a community-based exercise (CBE) program for people living with HIV (PLWH). METHODS: We conducted a qualitative descriptive study using semi-structured interviews with PLWH, rehabilitation professionals, and recreation providers from Canada and the United Kingdom. We asked participants to describe their experience with exercise, facilitators, and barriers to accessing and participating in exercise, and factors to consider in developing a CBE program for PLWH...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067610/the-efficacy-of-a-computer-assisted-cognitive-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-mild-cognitive-deficits-a-pilot-study
#10
William E Mansbach, Ryan A Mace, Kristen M Clark
: Background/Study Context: Whereas computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation (CR) programs show promise as tools for improving cognition in certain populations, there is not a consensus regarding their efficacy. This study focuses on restorative CR, a treatment designed to improve cognitive functioning affected by progressive brain changes due to disease or aging, through computer-assisted cognitive exercises. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a computer-assisted restorative CR intervention for improving cognitive functioning in older rehabilitation patients with relatively mild cognitive deficits...
January 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067536/history-of-erectile-dysfunction-as-a-predictor-of-poor-physical-performance-after-an-acute-myocardial-infarction
#11
Leonida Compostella, Caterina Compostella, Li Van Stella Truong, Nicola Russo, Tiziana Setzu, Sabino Iliceto, Fabio Bellotto
Background Erectile dysfunction may predict future cardiovascular events and indicate the severity of coronary artery disease in middle-aged men. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether erectile dysfunction (expression of generalized macro- and micro-vascular pathology) could predict reduced effort tolerance in patients after an acute myocardial infarction. Patients and methods One hundred and thirty-nine male patients (60 ± 12 years old), admitted to intensive cardiac rehabilitation 13 days after a complicated acute myocardial infarction, were evaluated for history of erectile dysfunction using the International Index of Erectile Function questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067123/the-effect-of-a-supervised-community-based-exercise-program-on-balance-balance-confidence-and-gait-in-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputation
#12
Carol A Miller, Jennifer E Williams, Katey L Durham, Selena C Hom, Julie L Smith
BACKGROUND: Many individuals with lower limb loss report concern with walking ability after completing structured traditional rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of a supervised community-based exercise program on balance, balance confidence, and gait in individuals with lower limb amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures. METHODS: The supervised exercise program was offered biweekly for 6 weeks...
January 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067101/promoting-a-culture-of-prehabilitation-for-the-surgical-cancer-patient
#13
Francesco Carli, Chelsia Gillis, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: Traditional rehabilitative approaches to perioperative cancer care have focused on the postoperative period to facilitate the return to presurgical baseline conditions. However, there is some realization that the preoperative period can be a very effective time for intervention as the patients are more amenable to target their physiological condition to prepare to overcome the metabolic cost of the surgical stress. METHODS: We undertook a narrative review of the current literature on surgical prehabilitation and discussed the current evidence of preoperative interventions before cancer surgery in order to increase physiological reserve before surgery and accelerate postoperative recovery...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063785/effect-of-socioeconomic-status-on-propensity-to-change-risk-behaviors-following-myocardial-infarction-implications-for-healthy-lifestyle-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Diann E Gaalema, Rebecca J Elliott, Zachary H Morford, Stephen T Higgins, Philip A Ades
INTRODUCTION: Failure to change risk behaviors following myocardial infarction (MI) increases the likelihood of recurrent MI and death. Lower-socioeconomic status (SES) patients are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors prior to MI. Less well known is whether propensity to change risk behaviors after MI also varies inversely with SES. METHODS: We performed a systematized literature review addressing changes in risk behaviors following MI as a function of SES...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062324/a-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-post-thoracotomy
#15
REVIEW
Amy J Hoffman, Ruth Ann Brintnall
OBJECTIVES: There are no evidenced-based rehabilitative guidelines for postsurgical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This qualitative study provides evidence on the acceptability of an effective postsurgical exercise intervention targeting the self-management of cancer-related fatigue to fill this gap. DATA SOURCES: Qualitative perspective of 37 individuals randomized to a 6-week exercise program following hospital discharge post-thoracotomy for NSCLC...
January 3, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062082/the-effect-of-a-rehabilitation-nursing-intervention-model-on-improving-the-comprehensive-health-status-of-patients-with-hand-burns
#16
Lin Li, Jia-Xi Dai, Le Xu, Zhen-Xia Huang, Qiong Pan, Xi Zhang, Mei-Yun Jiang, Zhao-Hong Chen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To observe the effect of a rehabilitation intervention on the comprehensive health status of patients with hand burns. BACKGROUND: Most studies of hand-burn patients have focused on functional recovery. There have been no studies involving a biological-psychological-social rehabilitation model of hand-burn patients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled design was used. METHODS: Patients with hand burns were recruited to the study, and sixty patients participated...
January 3, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060205/reductions-in-alexithymia-and-emotion-dysregulation-after-training-emotional-self-awareness-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-phase-i-trial
#17
Dawn Neumann, James F Malec, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability and initial efficacy of an emotional self-awareness treatment at reducing alexithymia and emotion dysregulation in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: An outpatient rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen adults with moderate to severe TBI and alexithymia. Time postinjury ranged 1 to 33 years. DESIGN: Within subject design, with 3 assessment times: baseline, posttest, and 2-month follow-up...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054834/long-term-restrictions-in-participation-in-stroke-survivors-under-and-over-70-years-of-age
#18
Joris A de Graaf, Maria L van Mierlo, Marcel W M Post, Wilco P Achterberg, L Jaap Kappelle, Johanna M A Visser-Meily
PURPOSE: This study aims to (1) assess differences in participation restrictions between stroke survivors aged under and over 70 years and (2) identify predictors associated with favorable and unfavorable long-term participation in both age groups. METHODS: Prospective cohort study in which 326 patients were assessed at stroke onset, two months and one year after stroke. The Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation-Participation (USER-Participation) was used to measure participation restrictions one year after stroke...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054496/tailoring-exercise-interventions-to-comorbidities-and-treatment-induced-adverse-effects-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-framework-to-support-clinical-decisions
#19
Marike van der Leeden, Rosalie J Huijsmans, Edwin Geleijn, Mariëtte de Rooij, Inge R Konings, Laurien M Buffart, Joost Dekker, Martijn M Stuiver
PURPOSE: Delivery of exercise interventions to patients with early-stage breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy requires complex clinical decisions. The purpose of this study was to develop a framework to support clinical decisions for tailoring exercise interventions to common comorbidities and cancer treatment-induced adverse effects. METHOD: Tailored exercise prescriptions were developed in four steps, following the i3-S strategy. All steps were based on current best available evidence, complemented with expert opinions...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045720/impact-of-obesity-and-other-chronic-conditions-on-lifestyle-exercise-during-the-year-after-completion-of-cardiac-rehabilitation
#20
Abdus Sattar, Richard Josephson, Shirley M Moore
PURPOSE: Patients who attend cardiac rehabilitation programs have a high prevalence of multiple chronic conditions (MCCs). The extent to which different constellations of MCC influence lifestyle exercise in the year after completion of an outpatient phase 2 cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) is unknown. Our objective was to examine the effects of MCC on lifestyle exercise in the year after completion of a CRP. METHODS: The effects of different constellations of comorbidities on objectively measured lifestyle exercise were examined using data from a randomized controlled trial testing lifestyle behavior change interventions in patients with cardiac events (n = 379) who completed a phase 2 CRP...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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