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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679294/gender-differences-in-home-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-of-post-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients
#1
Yong Hwan Kim, Wi-Young So
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a structured program for the prevention of secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) and related diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. This study aimed to investigate whether there are gender differences after 9 months of home-based cardiac rehabilitation program in post-percutaneous coronary intervention patients. A total of 114 (58.29 ± 10.33 years) men and 30 (60.90 ± 9.32 years) women were enrolled in the CR program. The program included three visits: initial, 4th month (follow-up), and 9th month (final) visits at a CR center...
April 20, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678985/impact-of-tailored-falls-prevention-education-for-older-adults-at-hospital-discharge-on-engagement-in-falls-prevention-strategies-postdischarge-protocol-for-a-process-evaluation
#2
Chiara Naseri, Steven M McPhail, Julie Netto, Terrence P Haines, Meg E Morris, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Leon Flicker, Den-Ching A Lee, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Anne-Marie Hill
INTRODUCTION: Older adults recently discharged from hospital have greater incidence of adverse events, functional decline, falls and subsequent readmission. Providing education to hospitalised patients on how to prevent falls at home could reduce postdischarge falls. There has been limited research investigating how older adults respond to tailored falls prevention education provided at hospital discharge. The aim of this study is to evaluate how providing tailored falls prevention education to older patients at the point of, and immediately after hospital discharge in addition to usual care, affects engagement in falls prevention strategies in the 6-months postdischarge period, including their capability and motivation to engage in falls prevention strategies...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678396/time-to-peak-torque-and-acceleration-time-are-altered-in-male-patients-following-traumatic-shoulder-instability
#3
Jin Hyuck Lee, Ji Soon Park, Hyun Jung Hwang, Woong Kyo Jeong
BACKGROUND: Numerous authors have evaluated the strength of the rotator cuff muscles in patients with shoulder instability. However, only limited data are available with regard to neuromuscular control in patients with traumatic anterior shoulder instability, in particular at 90° of abduction. This study was designed to assess muscle strength and neuromuscular control ability using time to peak torque and acceleration time in nonathletic patients with traumatic anterior shoulder instability...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676956/high-intensity-interval-training-after-stroke-an-opportunity-to-promote-functional-recovery-cardiovascular-health-and-neuroplasticity
#4
Jennifer Crozier, Marc Roig, Janice J Eng, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Joyce Fung, Michelle Ploughman, Damian M Bailey, Shane N Sweet, Nicholas Giacomantonio, Alexander Thiel, Michael Trivino, Ada Tang
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability. Individuals poststroke possess less than half of the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) as their nonstroke counterparts, leading to inactivity, deconditioning, and an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Preserving cardiovascular health is critical to lower stroke risk; however, stroke rehabilitation typically provides limited opportunity for cardiovascular exercise. Optimal cardiovascular training parameters to maximize recovery in stroke survivors also remains unknown...
April 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676537/recovery-of-pulmonary-functions-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-after-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-survivors-of-ards-due-to-severe-influenza-a-h1n1-pneumonitis
#5
Meng-Jer Hsieh, Wei-Juen Lee, Hsiu-Ying Cho, Meng-Fang Wu, Han-Chung Hu, Kuo-Chin Kao, Ning-Hung Chen, Ying-Huang Tsai, Chung-Chi Huang
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to severe influenza A H1N1 pneumonitis would result in impaired pulmonary functions and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after hospital discharge. OBJECTIVES: The recovery of pulmonary functions, exercise capacity and HRQoL in the survivors of ARDS due to 2009 pandemic influenza A H1N1 pneumonitis (H1N1-ARDS) were evaluated in a tertiary teaching hospital in the northern Taiwan between May 2010 and June 2011...
April 20, 2018: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673829/improving-the-rehabilitation-of-older-people-after-emergency-hospital-admission
#6
REVIEW
S McKelvie, A M Hall, H R Richmond, S Finnegan, D Lasserson
PURPOSE: Older adults are at risk of functional decline during emergency hospital admissions. This review aims to understand which exercise-based interventions are effective in improving function for older adults who experience unplanned admissions. METHODS: Database searches identified randomised control trials (RCTs) comparing exercise-based interventions with usual hospital care. The primary outcome was functional status measured by activities of daily living (ADL) scores...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673263/why-are-copd-patients-unable-to-complete-the-outpatient-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program
#7
Hulya Sahin, Ilknur Naz
This study aims to compare demographic and clinical characteristics of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients who complete and fail to complete outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program and to determine the reasons for not completing the program. Patients with COPD referred to the PR program were divided into two groups: Those who completed the program were classified as group 1 and those who did not complete were classified as group 2, and their data were compared. Patients who failed to complete the program were contacted through phone and asked why they ceased their participation in the program...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672359/benefits-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-case-report
#8
Fabio Perrotta, Andrea Bianco, Giovanni Cioffi, Antonio Cennamo, Gennaro Mazzarella
CLINICAL CASE: We describe the case of a 50-y-old man with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) who underwent pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). The 8-wk training program, including resistance training and aerobic exercises, was conducted 3 d/wk under physiotherapist supervision. Clinical and functional assessment was performed prior to and following the program. At the end of the training program, meaningful improvements in primary outcomes, including spirometry values and exertional parameters, were noted...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670997/burn-survivors-pulmonary-and-muscular-impairment-exercise-tolerance-and-return-to-work-following-medical-vocational-rehabilitation-a-long-term-follow-up
#9
Viveca Björnhagen, Kristina Schüldt Ekholm, Flemming Larsen, Jan Ekholm
OBJECTIVE: To follow up the long-term outcome in return-to-work (RTW) rate in burn-injury patients, and to determine the degree of impairment in pulmonary and muscular function and exercise tolerance. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal follow-up study without a control group. PATIENTS: Twenty-five burn-injury patients referred for medical-vocational rehabilitation. METHODS: Return-to-work rate was followed after completed medical-vocational rehabilitation...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669470/web-based-rehabilitation-interventions-for-people-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#10
Cynthia Srikesavan, Catherine Bryer, Usama Ali, Esther Williamson
Background Rehabilitation approaches for people with rheumatoid arthritis include joint protection, exercises and self-management strategies. Health interventions delivered via the web have the potential to improve access to health services overcoming time constraints, physical limitations, and socioeconomic and geographic barriers. The objective of this review is to determine the effects of web-based rehabilitation interventions in adults with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods Randomised controlled trials that compared web-based rehabilitation interventions with usual care, waiting list, no treatment or another web-based intervention in adults with rheumatoid arthritis were included...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667507/effect-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-imt-on-aerobic-capacity-respiratory-muscle-strength-and-rate-of-perceived-exertion-in-paraplegics
#11
Sonali Soumyashree, Jaskirat Kaur
OBJECTIVES: The purpose is to study the effect of inspiratory muscle training on aerobic capacity, respiratory muscle strength and rate of perceived exertion in paraplegics. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Rehabilitation department in Indian Spinal Injuries Centre, New Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 30 paraplegics (T1-T12) were randomly allocated into two groups: inspiratory muscle training (IMT) group and control group...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665262/effects-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-copd-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Marc Beaumont, Patrice Forget, Francis Couturaud, Gregory Reychler
OBJECTIVES: In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), quality of life and exercise capacity are altered in relationship to dyspnea. Benefits of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on quality of life, dyspnea and exercise capacity were demonstrated, but when it is associated to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), its efficacy on dyspnea is not demonstrated. The aim of this systematic review with meta analysis was to verify the effect of IMT using threshold devices in COPD patients on dyspnea, quality of life, exercise capacity and inspiratory muscles strength, and the added effect on dyspnea of IMT associated with PR (versus PR alone)...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663831/the-use-of-periodized-exercise-prescription-in-rehabilitation-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-literature
#13
Blake Yale Boggenpoel, Stephan Nel, Susan Hanekom
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of periodized exercise prescription with patients in the context of rehabilitation. DATA SOURCE: The following databases were searched: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, PEDro, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, SAGE and Google Scholar. Databases were searched from inception to March 2018. RESULTS: The literature search yielded 1772 articles with 1755 being excluded leaving 17 articles in total for the full review...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663013/bone-to-bone-integrations-were-complete-within-5-months-after-anatomical-rectangular-tunnel-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-a-bone-patellar-tendon-bone-graft
#14
Hironari Masuda, Shuji Taketomi, Hiroshi Inui, Naoya Shimazaki, Nobuhiro Nishihara, Seikai Toyooka, Hirotaka Kawano, Takumi Nakagawa
PURPOSE: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using a bone-patellar tendon-bone (BTB) graft is known to provide secure fixation due to the direct bone-to-bone integration of the bone plug and bone tunnel. It is important to know the time required for bone integration when designing the postoperative rehabilitation protocol or deciding when the patient can return to competition-level activity, especially if the patient is an athlete. However, because reports are scarce, the period necessary for bone-to-bone integration after ACL reconstruction using a BTB graft remains unclear...
April 16, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661532/measurement-of-physical-performance-by-field-tests-in-programs-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Cristiane Travensolo, Karla Goessler, Roberto Poton, Roberta Ramos Pinto, Marcos Doederlein Polito
INTRODUCTION: The literature concerning the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on field tests results is inconsistent. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review with meta-analysis on field tests results after programs of CR. METHODS: Studies published in PubMed and Web of Science databases until May 2016 were analyzed. The standard difference in means correct by bias (Hedges' g) was used as effect size (g) to measure que amount of modifications in performance of field tests after CR period...
April 13, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661446/multivisceral-transplantation-rehabilitation-program-case-report
#16
T M Loschi, M P R G Cinacchi, M D T A Baccan, F Marques, P T Pedroso, S P Meira Filho, T Scacchetti, D N Pavão
Multivisceral transplantation is the treatment for multiple abdominal organ failure. The patient experiences reduced food intake and absorption of nutrients, contributing to weight loss and decreased muscle mass, reducing functional capacity. A physical and nutritional rehabilitation program based on adequate caloric intake associated with supervised physical exercise seems to support a gain of muscle mass, re-establishing its capacity and functional independence. A rehabilitation program was carried out, consisting of low-intensity aerobic exercise on treadmill, exercises of global strengthening (50% of 1 maximum repetition [1RM], with progressive increase), and nutritional monitoring (oral hypercaloric diet, hyperproteic supplementation daily and after exercise)...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661150/a-moderate-500-m-treadmill-walk-for-estimating-peak-oxygen-uptake-in-men-with-nyha-class-i-ii-heart-failure-and-reduced-left-ventricular-ejection-fraction
#17
Gianni Mazzoni, Biagio Sassone, Giovanni Pasanisi, Jonathan Myers, Simona Mandini, Stefano Volpato, Francesco Conconi, Giorgio Chiaranda, Giovanni Grazzi
BACKGROUND: Maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is the gold-standard for cardiorespiratory fitness assessment in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. However, high costs, required medical supervision, and safety concerns make maximal exercise testing impractical for evaluating mobility-impaired adults. Thus, several submaximal walking protocols have been developed and currently used to estimate peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak) in CHF patients. However, these tests have to be performed at close to maximum exercise intensity...
April 16, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660948/the-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-system-response-to-different-daily-demands-among-patients-at-the-sub-acute-phase-post-ischemic-stroke-and-healthy-controls
#18
Noa Raphaely Beer, Nachum Soroker, Nathan M Bornstein, Michal Katz Leurer
BACKGROUND: Autonomic disturbances are a common phenomenon in patients' post-stroke, characterized by hypo function of the para-sympathetic and/or overactive sympathetic system. The impact of autonomic disturbances on physical therapy tasks during the rehabilitation period has not yet been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To describe the response of the cardiac autonomic nervous system during different tasks, among patients and age-matched healthy controls. METHODS: 19 patients in the subacute phase post first-ever ischemic stroke, and 16 controls...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658673/-application-of-rehabilitation-medicine-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#19
Haijun Li, Zuobing Chen
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been widely used in perioperative optimization. As an important component of ERAS, rehabilitation medicine mainly focuses on perioperative physical fitness management, respiratory training, exercise training to reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection, improve gastrointestinal and cardiopulmonary function. This paper explains rehabilitation medicine for respiratory, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and digestive systems during the perioperative period...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653186/constraint-induced-movement-therapy-improves-efficacy-of-task-specific-training-after-severe-cortical-stroke-depending-on-the-ipsilesional-corticospinal-projections
#20
Naohiko Okabe, Naoyuki Himi, Emi Nakamura-Maruyama, Norito Hayashi, Issei Sakamoto, Kazuhiko Narita, Toru Hasegawa, Osamu Miyamoto
Descending spinal pathways (corticospinal, rubrospinal, and reticulospinal) are believed to contribute to functional recovery resulting from rehabilitative training after stroke. However, the contribution of each pathway remains unclear. In the current study, we investigated rehabilitation-induced functional recovery and remodelling of the descending spinal pathways after severe cortical stroke in rats followed by 3 weeks of various rehabilitation [constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT), skilled forelimb reaching, rotarod, and treadmill exercise]...
April 10, 2018: Experimental Neurology
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