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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920899/diagnosing-clean-margins-through-raman-spectroscopy-in-human-and-animal-mammary-tumour-surgery-a-short-review
#1
REVIEW
I A Birtoiu, C Rizea, D Togoe, R M Munteanu, C Micsa, M I Rusu, M Tautan, L Braic, L O Scoicaru, A Parau, N D Becherescu-Barbu, M V Udrea, A Tonetto, R Notonier, C E A Grigorescu
Breast cancer frequency in human and other mammal female populations has worryingly increased lately. The acute necessity for taxonomy of the aetiological factors along with seeking for new diagnostic tools and therapy procedures aimed at reducing mortality have yielded in an intense research effort worldwide. Surgery is a regular method to counteract extensive development of breast cancer and prevent metastases provided that negative surgical margins are achieved. This highly technical challenge requires fast, extremely sensitive and selective discrimination between malignant and benign tissues even down to molecular level...
December 6, 2016: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920247/what-patients-complaints-and-praise-tell-the-health-practitioner-implications-for-health-care-quality-a-qualitative-research-study
#2
Katia Mattarozzi, Fiamma Sfrisi, Filippo Caniglia, Alessandra De Palma, Monica Martoni
OBJECTIVE: In order to identify which health care aspects play a role in patient satisfaction and quality of health care, the present study analyses a large number of instances of complaint and praise. DESIGN AND SETTING: One thousand two hundred and thirty-five instances of complaint and one thousand five hundred thirty-six of praise submitted from patients or other souces (i.e. a patient's family member or a legal representative) to a northern-Italian hospital were analysed...
December 4, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919864/taxonomy-for-the-rehabilitation-of-knee-conditions-trak-a-digital-intervention-to-support-the-self-care-components-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rehabilitation-protocol-of-a-feasibility-study
#3
Emma Dunphy, Fiona L Hamilton, Kate Button
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is common, especially in the active population. In defining the problem of ACL rehabilitation, this study draws from the knowledge that improved self-care, strength, and fitness are associated with better outcomes. Traditional rehabilitation involves regular physiotherapy, but it is not clear what the optimal way for delivering rehabilitation is, and it varies widely across the world. Evidence for treatments are discussed in the literature, however standard length of rehabilitation and frequency of appointments are unknown...
December 5, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919649/maldi-tof-ms-identification-of-species-from-the-acinetobacter-baumannii-ab-group-revisited-inclusion-of-the-novel-a-seifertii-and-a-dijkshoorniae-species
#4
Marta Marí-Almirall, Clara Cosgaya, Paul G Higgins, Ado Van Assche, Murat Telli, Geert Huys, Bart Lievens, Harald Seifert, Lenie Dijkshoorn, Ignasi Roca, Jordi Vila
OBJECTIVES: Rapid identification of Acinetobacter species is critical since members of the A. baumannii (Ab) group differ in antibiotic susceptibility and clinical outcomes. A. baumannii, A. pittii and A. nosocomialis can be identified by MALDI-TOF/MS, while the novel species A. seifertii and A. dijkshoorniae cannot. Low identification rates for A. nosocomialis have also been reported. We evaluated the use of MALDI-TOF/MS to identify isolates of A. seifertii and A. dijkshoorniae and revisited the identification of A...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918517/tension-in-taxonomy
#5
Kat Long
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917062/integrative-taxonomy-of-the-genus-onchidium-buchannan-1800-mollusca-gastropoda-pulmonata-onchidiidae
#6
Benoît Dayrat, Tricia C Goulding, Deepak Apte, Vishal Bhave, Joseph Comendador, Ngô Xuân Qua Ng, Siong Kiat Tan, Shau Hwai Tan
In an effort to clarify the species diversity of onchidiid slugs, the taxonomy of the genus Onchidium Buchannan, 1800 is revised using an integrative approach. New, fresh specimens were collected in a large number of places, including type localities. The genus Onchidium is redefined here as a clade including only three species which are strongly supported by both morphological and molecular data. All three species were already named: the type species Onchidium typhae Buchannan, 1800, Onchidium stuxbergi (Westerlund, 1883), and Onchidium reevesii (J...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917043/systematics-of-ecnomiohyla-tuberculosa-with-the-description-of-a-new-species-and-comments-on-the-taxonomy-of-trachycephalus-typhonius-anura-hylidae
#7
Santiago R Ron, Pablo J Venegas, H Mauricio Ortega-Andrade, Giussepe Gagliardi-Urrutia, Patricia E Salerno
Ecnomiohyla tuberculosa is an Amazonian hylid of uncertain phylogenetic position. Herein DNA sequences of mitochondrial and nuclear genes are used to determine its phylogenetic relationships. New sequences and external morphology of Trachycephalus typhonius are also analyzed to assess the status of Ecuadorian and Peruvian populations. The phylogeny shows unequivocally that Ecnomiohyla tuberculosa is nested within the genus Tepuihyla, tribe Lophiohylini. This position was unexpected because the remaining species of Ecnomiohyla belong to the tribe Hylini...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916822/potential-of-wake-up-radio-based-mac-protocols-for-implantable-body-sensor-networks-ibsn-a-survey
#8
Vignesh Raja Karuppiah Ramachandran, Eyuel D Ayele, Nirvana Meratnia, Paul J M Havinga
With the advent of nano-technology, medical sensors and devices are becoming highly miniaturized. Consequently, the number of sensors and medical devices being implanted to accurately monitor and diagnose a disease is increasing. By measuring the symptoms and controlling a medical device as close as possible to the source, these implantable devices are able to save lives. A wireless link between medical sensors and implantable medical devices is essential in the case of closed-loop medical devices, in which symptoms of the diseases are monitored by sensors that are not placed in close proximity of the therapeutic device...
November 29, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915187/dose-response-models-and-a-quantitative-microbial-risk-assessment-framework-for-the-mycobacterium-avium-complex-that-account-for-recent-developments-in-molecular-biology-taxonomy-and-epidemiology
#9
REVIEW
Kerry A Hamilton, Mark H Weir, Charles N Haas
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a group of environmentally-transmitted pathogens of great public health importance. This group is known to be harbored, amplified, and selected for more human-virulent characteristics by amoeba species in aquatic biofilms. However, a quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) has not been performed due to the lack of dose response models resulting from significant heterogeneity within even a single species or subspecies of MAC, as well as the range of human susceptibilities to mycobacterial disease...
November 24, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914115/molecular-phylogeny-and-taxonomy-of-a-new-freshwater-hymenostomatid-from-northeastern-china-with-the-establishment-of-a-new-genus-anteglaucoma-gen-n-protista-ciliophora-oligohymenophorea
#10
Xuming Pan, Zihan Shi, Chundi Wang, William A Bourland, Ying Chen, Weibo Song
The morphology, infraciliature and SSU rDNA sequence of a new freshwater hymenostomatid ciliate, Anteglaucoma harbinensis gen. nov., spec. nov., collected from a farmland pond in Harbin, China, were investigated. The new genus Anteglaucoma is characterized as follows: small to medium-sized Glaucomidae with oral apparatus in anterior one-third of cell; paroral membrane composed of almost longitudinally arranged dikinetids; three adoral membranelles nearly equal in length and arranged almost longitudinally in parallel; silverline pattern tetrahymenid...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913598/describing-visible-acute-injuries-development-of-a-comprehensive-taxonomy-for-research-and-practice
#11
Tony Rosen, Christopher Reisig, Veronica M LoFaso, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Sunday Clark, Thomas J McCarthy, Estomih P Mtui, Neal E Flomenbaum, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: Little literature exists classifying and comprehensively describing intentional and unintentional acute injuries, which would be valuable for research and practice. In preparation for a study of injury patterns in elder abuse, our goal was to develop a comprehensive taxonomy of relevant types and characteristics of visible acute injuries and evaluate it in geriatric patients. METHODS: We conducted an exhaustive review of the medical and forensic literature focusing on injury types, descriptions, patterns and analyses...
December 2, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912990/cancer-rehabilitation-an-overview-of-current-need-delivery-models-and-levels-of-care
#12
REVIEW
Andrea L Cheville, Karen Mustian, Kerri Winters-Stone, David S Zucker, Gail L Gamble, Catherine M Alfano
The relevance of cancer rehabilitation as a public health issue grows steadily as cancer incidence, survival, and mean patient age increase. Reported rates of physical impairment and disability are already high, prior to the anticipated influx of aged cancer survivors. Despite the high prevalence of cancer-related disablement, treatment rates, even for readily remediable physical impairments, are as low as 1-2%. In addition to low referral rates, a challenge to patient-centric cancer rehabilitation is a fractured system that requires multiple visits to a range of specialists to address even a single issue, and cancer survivors generally have several...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910753/medicinal-value-and-taxonomy-of-the-tinder-polypore-fomes-fomentarius-agaricomycetes-a-review
#13
Ján Gáper, Svetlana Gáperová, Peter Pristas, Katerina Naplavova
The tinder polypore, Fomes fomentarius, is a wood-decaying macrofungus well known for its potential use in a wide range of biotechnological applications. The existence of 3 distinct internal transcribed spacer lineages/sublineages among its strains has been clearly established. Sublineage A1 consists of strains isolated from North America, whereas sublineage A2 consists of strains only from Europe. Lineage B comprises strains from Europe and Asia. A better understanding of the biological features of F. fomentarius lineages/sublineages could lead to improved characterization, leading to better biotechnological applications...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910751/recent-advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-paradigm-of-mild-to-recalcitrant-atopic-dermatitis
#14
Zahid Hussain, Shariza Sahudin, Hnin Ei Thu, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari, Endang Kumolosasi
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin E (IgE), T lymphocytes, and mast cells. The key factors responsible for the pathophysiology of this disease are immunological disorders and defects in epidermal barrier properties. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance, and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological disorder. Preventive interventions such as educational programs, avoidance of allergens, and exclusive care toward the skin could play a partial role in suppressing the symptoms...
2016: Critical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909809/announcing-cimpact-now-the-consortium-to-inform-molecular-and-practical-approaches-to-cns-tumor-taxonomy
#15
EDITORIAL
David N Louis, Ken Aldape, Daniel J Brat, David Capper, David W Ellison, Cynthia Hawkins, Werner Paulus, Arie Perry, Guido Reifenberger, Dominique Figarella-Branger, Pieter Wesseling, Tracy T Batchelor, J Gregory Cairncross, Stefan M Pfister, Stefan Rutkowski, Michael Weller, Wolfgang Wick, Andreas von Deimling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#16
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906817/classifying-patients-complaints-for-regulatory-purposes-a-pilot-study
#17
Renée Bouwman, Manja Bomhoff, Paul Robben, Roland Friele
OBJECTIVES: It is assumed that classifying and aggregated reporting of patients' complaints by regulators helps to identify problem areas, to respond better to patients and increase public accountability. This pilot study addresses what a classification of complaints in a regulatory setting contributes to the various goals. METHODS: A taxonomy with a clinical, management, and relationship domain was used to systematically analyze 364 patients' complaints received by the Dutch regulator...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905976/comparative-approaches-for-assessing-access-to-alcohol-outlets-exploring-the-utility-of-a-gravity-potential-approach
#18
Tony H Grubesic, Ran Wei, Alan T Murray, William Alex Pridemore
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research recommends controlling alcohol availability to reduce harm. Various common approaches, however, provide dramatically different pictures of the physical availability of alcohol. This limits our understanding of the distribution of alcohol access, the causes and consequences of this distribution, and how best to reduce harm. The aim of this study is to introduce both a gravity potential measure of access to alcohol outlets, comparing its strengths and weaknesses to other popular approaches, and an empirically-derived taxonomy of neighborhoods based on the type of alcohol access they exhibit...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905958/choosing-an-epidemiological-model-structure-for-the-economic-evaluation-of-non-communicable-disease-public-health-interventions
#19
Adam D M Briggs, Jane Wolstenholme, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
Non-communicable diseases are the leading global causes of mortality and morbidity. Growing pressures on health services and on social care have led to increasing calls for a greater emphasis to be placed on prevention. In order for decisionmakers to make informed judgements about how to best spend finite public health resources, they must be able to quantify the anticipated costs, benefits, and opportunity costs of each prevention option available. This review presents a taxonomy of epidemiological model structures and applies it to the economic evaluation of public health interventions for non-communicable diseases...
May 4, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905931/a-temporal-assessment-of-nematode-community-structure-and-diversity-in-the-rhizosphere-of-cisgenic-phytophthora-infestans-resistant-potatoes
#20
Vilma Ortiz, Sinead Phelan, Ewen Mullins
BACKGROUND: Nematodes play a key role in soil processes with alterations in the nematode community structure having the potential to considerably influence ecosystem functioning. As a result fluctuations in nematode diversity and/or community structure can be gauged as a 'barometer' of a soil's functional biodiversity. However, a deficit exists in regards to baseline knowledge and on the impact of specific GM crops on soil nematode populations and in particular in regard to the impact of GM potatoes on the diversity of nematode populations in the rhizosphere...
December 1, 2016: BMC Ecology
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