Read by QxMD icon Read


Jibin Song, Peng Huang, Xiaoyuan Chen
Gold nanovesicles contain multiple nanocrystals within a polymeric coating. The strong plasmonic coupling between adjacent nanoparticles in their vesicular shell makes ultrasensitive biosensing and bioimaging possible. In our laboratory, multifunctional plasmonic vesicles are assembled from amphiphilic gold nanocrystals (such as gold nanoparticles and gold nanorods) coated with mixed hydrophilic and hydrophobic polymer brushes or amphiphilic diblock co-polymer brushes. To fulfill the different requirements of biomedical applications, different polymers that are either pH=responsive, photoactive or biodegradable can be used to form the hydrophobic brush, while the hydrophilicity is maintained by polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
November 2016: Nature Protocols
Meng-Qing Gong, Cong Wu, Xiao-Yan He, Jing-Yi Zong, Jin-Long Wu, Ren-Xi Zhuo, Si-Xue Cheng
PURPOSE: To overcome multi-drug resistance (MDR) in tumor chemotherapy, a polymer/inorganic hybrid drug delivery platform with tumor targeting property and enhanced cell uptake efficiency was developed. METHOD: To evaluate the applicability of our delivery platform for the delivery of different drug resistance inhibitors, two kinds of dual-drug pairs (doxorubicin/buthionine sulfoximine and doxorubicin/tariquidar, respectively) were loaded in heparin-biotin/heparin/protamine sulfate/calcium carbonate nanovesicles to realize simultaneous delivery of an anticancer drug and a drug resistance inhibitor into drug-resistant tumor cells...
October 13, 2016: Pharmaceutical Research
Roman Štukelj, Karin Schara, Apolonija Bedina-Zavec, Vid Šuštar, Manca Pajnič, Ljubiša Pađen, Judita Lea Krek, Veronika Kralj-Iglič, Anita Mrvar-Brečko, Rado Janša
During harvesting of nanovesicles (NVs) from blood, blood cells and other particles in blood are exposed to mechanical forces which may cause activation of platelets, changes of membrane properties, cell deformation and shedding of membrane fragments. We report on the effect of shear forces imposed upon blood samples during the harvesting process, on the concentration of membrane nanovesicles in isolates from blood. Mathematical models of blood flow through the needle during sampling with vacutubes and with free flow were constructed, starting from the Navier-Stokes formalism...
October 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
N Grimaldi, F Andrade, N Segovia, L Ferrer-Tasies, S Sala, J Veciana, N Ventosa
Molecular self-assembly has enabled the fabrication of biologically inspired, advanced nanostructures as lipid-based nanovesicles (L-NVs). The oldest L-NVs, liposomes, have been widely proposed as potential candidates for drug delivery, diagnostic and/or theranostic applications and some liposome-based drug products have already stepped from the lab-bench to the market. This success is attributed to their ability to encapsulate both hydrophobic and/or hydrophilic molecules, efficiently carry and protect them within the body and finally deliver them at the target site...
September 13, 2016: Chemical Society Reviews
Lan Yang, Ya-Jian Ji, Jia-Fu Yin, Yongquan Wu, Haiming Fan, Yi Zhang, Gui-Chao Kuang
Three novel amphiphilic BODIPY derivatives were prepared and their photophysical properties in THF/water mixtures with varying fractions of water were investigated. BDP-1 could self-assemble into different vesicle architectures in aqueous solution, while BDP-2 and BDP-3 with more hydrophilic abilities formed spherical and worm-like micelles. The BODIPY derivatives could be absorbed by HeLa cells and showed no apparent toxicity during the course of the test. In particular, unlike traditional amines or morpholinyl functionalized lysosome fluorescent probes, BDP-1 nanovesicles without targeted groups exhibit red emission and show effective lysosome biological imaging...
September 26, 2016: Soft Matter
Kuan-Yi Lu, Chien-Sheng Chen, Johnathan Neiswinger, Heng Zhu
Studying lipid-protein interactions is central to understanding lipid signaling, a key regulatory system in cells. To better identify lipid-binding proteins, we developed a nonquenched fluorescent (NQF) liposome that is able to carry both fluorescent molecules and a lipid of interest. By combining the strength of NQF liposomes with protein microarray technology, the method presented here facilitates high-throughput screening of lipid-protein interactions. This protocol describes how to prepare NQF liposomes and apply the fabricated liposomes to yeast proteome microarrays...
October 3, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
Romain Gallet, James Dawkins, Jackelyn Valle, Eli Simsolo, Geoffrey de Couto, Ryan Middleton, Eleni Tseliou, Daniel Luthringer, Michelle Kreke, Rachel R Smith, Linda Marbán, Bijan Ghaleh, Eduardo Marbán
AIMS: Naturally secreted nanovesicles known as exosomes are required for the regenerative effects of cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs), and exosomes mimic the benefits of CDCs in rodents. Nevertheless, exosomes have not been studied in a translationally realistic large-animal model. We sought to optimize delivery and assess the efficacy of CDC-secreted exosomes in pig models of acute (AMI) and convalescent myocardial infarction (CMI). METHODS AND RESULTS: In AMI, pigs received human CDC exosomes (or vehicle) by intracoronary (IC) or open-chest intramyocardial (IM) delivery 30 min after reperfusion...
September 27, 2016: European Heart Journal
Christopher Stanly, Immacolata Fiume, Giovambattista Capasso, Gabriella Pocsfalvi
Exosomes are nanovesicles of endocytic origin that are about 30-100 nm in diameter, surrounded by a lipid bilayer membrane, and contain proteins, nucleic acids, and other molecules. Mammalian cells- and biological fluids-derived exosomes have become the subject for a wide range of investigations in biological and biomedical sciences. More recently, a new interest is on the verge of rising: the presence of nanovesicles in plants. Lipoprotein vesicles from apoplastic fluid and exosome-like vesicles (ELVs) from fruit juice have been isolated and shown that they could be loaded with drugs and uptaken by recipient cells...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Francesco Cappello, Mariantonia Logozzi, Claudia Campanella, Celeste Caruso Bavisotto, Antonio Marcilla, Francesca Properzi, Stefano Fais
Despite considerable research efforts, the finding of reliable tumor biomarkers remains challenging and unresolved. In recent years a novel diagnostic biomedical tool with high potential has been identified in extracellular nanovesicles or exosomes. They are released by the majority of the cells and contain detailed molecular information on the cell of origin including tumor hallmarks. Exosomes can be isolated from easy accessible body fluids, and most importantly, they can provide several biomarkers, with different levels of specificity...
September 14, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hongzhong Chen, Huijun Phoebe Tham, Chung Yen Ang, Qiuyu Qu, Lingzhi Zhao, Pengyao Xing, Linyi Bai, Si Yu Tan, Yanli Zhao
Targeted drug delivery systems having controlled drug release property with an inherent fluorescence reporter have drawn a lot of attention in nanomedicine. However, only very few prodrugs can be directly used to construct such delivery systems. Herein, we report that an amphiphilic chlorambucil-based prodrug consisting of a fluorescence reporter and a d-mannose targeting ligand could directly self-assemble into glutathione-responsive nanovesicles for selective cancer therapy and intracellular imaging. These nanovesicles could be dissociated to release the chlorambucil drug with obviously red-shifted fluorescence when internalized by d-mannose receptor-overexpressed MCF-7 cancer cells...
September 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jian Ding, Kai Wang, Wen-Jie Tang, Dan Li, You-Zhen Wei, Ying Lu, Zong-Hai Li, Xiao-Fei Liang
Highly effective targeted tumor recognition via vectors is crucial for cancer detection. In contrast to antibodies and proteins, peptides are direct targeting ligands with a low molecular weight. In the present study, a peptide magnetic nanovector platform containing a lipid bilayer was designed using a peptide amphiphile (PA) as a skeleton material in a controlled manner without surface modification. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) peptide nanoparticles (NPs) could specifically bind to EGFR-positive liver tumor cells...
September 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Ana Lis Moyano, Guannan Li, Anne I Boullerne, Douglas L Feinstein, Elizabeth Hartman, Demetrios Skias, Roumen Balavanov, Richard B van Breemen, Ernesto R Bongarzone, Jan-Eric Månsson, Maria I Givogri
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane nanovesicles of diverse sizes secreted by different cell types and are involved in intercellular communication. EVs shuttle proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids that reflect their cellular origin and could mediate their biological function in recipient cells. EVs circulate in biological fluids and are considered as potential biomarkers that could be used to analyze and characterize disease development, course and response to treatment. EVs exhibit specific distribution of glycolipids and membrane organization, but little is known about the biological significance of this distribution or how it could contribute to pathological conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS)...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Martina Di Francesco, Rosita Primavera, Serena Fiorito, Maria Chiara Cristiano, Vito Alessandro Taddeo, Francesco Epifano, Luisa Di Marzio, Salvatore Genovese, Christian Celia
Elastic and ultradeformable liposomes were synthesized and physicochemically characterized to make suitable topical formulations for delivering the anti-inflammatory and anticancer compound 3-(4'-geranyloxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-2-trans-propenoic acid. The average sizes of elastic and ultradeformable liposomes are below 300 nm, while the size distribution and Z-potential are below 0.3 and - 25 mV, respectively. The presence of 3-(4'-geranyloxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-2-trans-propenoic acid does not affect the physicochemical parameters of nanovesicles...
August 19, 2016: Planta Medica
Ana Marote, Fábio G Teixeira, Bárbara Mendes-Pinheiro, António J Salgado
Exosomes are membrane-enclosed nanovesicles (30-150 nm) that shuttle active cargoes between different cells. These tiny extracellular vesicles have been recently isolated from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) conditioned medium, a population of multipotent cells identified in several adult tissues. MSCs paracrine activity has been already shown to be the key mediator of their elicited regenerative effects. On the other hand, the individual contribution of MSCs-derived exosomes for these effects is only now being unraveled...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Myriam Oliveira-Rodríguez, Sheila López-Cobo, Hugh T Reyburn, Agustín Costa-García, Soraya López-Martín, María Yáñez-Mó, Eva Cernuda-Morollón, Annette Paschen, Mar Valés-Gómez, Maria Carmen Blanco-López
Exosomes are cell-secreted nanovesicles (40-200 nm) that represent a rich source of novel biomarkers in the diagnosis and prognosis of certain diseases. Despite the increasingly recognized relevance of these vesicles as biomarkers, their detection has been limited due in part to current technical challenges in the rapid isolation and analysis of exosomes. The complexity of the development of analytical platforms relies on the heterogeneous composition of the exosome membrane. One of the most attractive tests is the inmunochromatographic strips, which allow rapid detection by unskilled operators...
2016: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
Natassa Pippa, Dimitris Stellas, Athanasios Skandalis, Stergios Pispas, Costas Demetzos, Marcin Libera, Andrzej Marcinkowski, Barbara Trzebicka
Chimeric systems are mixed nanovectors composed by different in nature materials and exhibit new functionalities and properties. The particular chimeric nanovectors, formed by the co-assembly of low and high molecular weight amphiphiles, have the potential to be utilized as drug delivery platforms. We have utilized two lipids, l-α-phosphatidylcholine, hydrogenated (Soy)(HSPC) and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), and a poly(oligoethylene glycol acrylate)-b-poly(lauryl acrylate) (POEGA-PLA) block copolymer, at different molar ratios, in aqueous media...
October 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Myriam Oliveira-Rodríguez, Esther Serrano-Pertierra, Agustín Costa García, Soraya López-Martín, María Yañez-Mo, Eva Cernuda-Morollón, M C Blanco-López
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-bound nanovesicles delivered by different cellular lineages under physiological and pathological conditions. Although these vesicles have shown relevance as biomarkers for a number of diseases, their isolation and detection still has several technical drawbacks, mainly related with problems of sensitivity and time-consumed. Here, we reported a rapid and multiple-targeted lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) system for the detection of EVs isolated from human plasma. A range of different labels (colloidal gold, carbon black and magnetic nanoparticles) was compared as detection probe in LFIA, being gold nanoparticles that showed better results...
August 2, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Lorena Tavano, Rita Muzzalupo
Delivering chemotherapy specifically, effectively and safely to tumor remains a significant challenge in recent years. Although cancer cells are more vulnerable than normal to the effect of anticancer agents, these drugs are non-selective and can cause injury to normal tissues. Different approaches i.e. passive, active and magnetic targeting, smart devices with appropriate stimuli-sensitive properties or drugs combinations, have been already proposed as single methods, contributing to minimize severe side effects and enhancing tumor-targeting efficacy...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Eunji Jang, Eunjung Kim, Hye-Young Son, Eun-Kyung Lim, Hwunjae Lee, Yuna Choi, Kwangyeol Park, Seungmin Han, Jin-Suck Suh, Yong-Min Huh, Seungjoo Haam
The cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis postulates that cancer cells overexpressing CD44 are marked as CSCs that cause tumorigenesis and recurrence. This hypothesis suggests that CD44 is a potential therapeutic target that can interfere with CSCs qualities. MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is a promising candidate for CD44 repression-based cancer therapy as it has been reported to inhibit proliferation, metastasis, and survival of CD44-positive CSCs. Here, we used nanovesicles containing PLI/miR complexes (NVs/miR) to systemically deliver miR-34a and induce miR-34a-triggered CD44 suppression in orthotopically and subcutaneously implanted tumors in nude mice...
October 2016: Biomaterials
Poonam K Bakhshi, Jennifer Bain, Mine Orlu Gul, Eleanor Stride, Mohan Edirisinghe, Sarah S Staniland
A new synthetic method for the production of artificial magnetosomes, i.e., lipid-coated vesicles containing magnetic nanoparticles, is demonstrated. Magnetosomes have considerable potential in biomedical and other nanotechnological applications but current production methods rely upon magnetotactic bacteria which limits the range of sizes and shapes that can be generated as well as the obtainable yield. Here, electrohydrodynamic atomization is utilized to form nanoscale liposomes of tunable size followed by electroporation to transport iron into the nanoliposome core resulting in magnetite crystallization...
August 4, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"