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micro electrode array

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618377/ring-and-peg-electrodes-for-minimally-invasive-and-long-term-sub-scalp-eeg-recordings
#1
Y B Benovitski, A Lai, C C McGowan, O Burns, V Maxim, D A X Nayagam, R Millard, G D Rathbone, M A le Chevoir, R A Williams, D B Grayden, C N May, M Murphy, W J D'Souza, M J Cook, C E Williams
OBJECTIVE: Minimally-invasive approaches are needed for long-term reliable Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings to assist with epilepsy diagnosis, investigation and more naturalistic monitoring. This study compared three methods for long-term implantation of sub-scalp EEG electrodes. METHODS: Three types of electrodes (disk, ring, and peg) were fabricated from biocompatible materials and implanted under the scalp in five ambulatory ewes for 3months. Disk electrodes were inserted into sub-pericranial pockets...
June 12, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606117/investigating-the-impact-of-electrical-stimulation-temporal-distribution-on-cortical-network-responses
#2
Francesca Scarsi, Jacopo Tessadori, Michela Chiappalone, Valentina Pasquale
BACKGROUND: The brain is continuously targeted by a wealth of stimuli with complex spatio-temporal patterns and has presumably evolved in order to cope with those inputs in an optimal way. Previous studies investigating the response capabilities of either single neurons or intact sensory systems to external stimulation demonstrated that stimuli temporal distribution is an important, if often overlooked, parameter. RESULTS: In this study we investigated how cortical networks plated over micro-electrode arrays respond to different stimulation sequences in which inter-pulse intervals followed a 1/f (β) distribution, for different values of β ranging from 0 to ∞...
June 12, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605385/time-dependent-increase-in-the-network-response-to-the-stimulation-of-neuronal-cell-cultures-on-micro-electrode-arrays
#3
Monica L Gertz, Zachary Baker, Sharon Jose, Nathalia Peixoto
Micro-electrode arrays (MEAs) can be used to investigate drug toxicity, design paradigms for next-generation personalized medicine, and study network dynamics in neuronal cultures. In contrast with more traditional methods, such as patch-clamping, which can only record activity from a single cell, MEAs can record simultaneously from multiple sites in a network, without requiring the arduous task of placing each electrode individually. Moreover, numerous control and stimulation configurations can be easily applied within the same experimental setup, allowing for a broad range of dynamics to be explored...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605368/murine-short-axis-ventricular-heart-slices-for-electrophysiological-studies
#4
Gabriel Peinkofer, Juergen Hescheler, Marcel Halbach
Murine cardiomyocytes have been extensively used for in vitro studies of cardiac physiology and new therapeutic strategies. However, multicellular preparations of dissociated cardiomyocytes are not representative of the complex in vivo structure of cardiomyocytes, non-myocytes and extracellular matrix, which influences both mechanical and electrophysiological properties of the heart. Here we describe a technique to prepare viable ventricular slices of adult mouse hearts with a preserved in vivo like tissue structure, and demonstrate their suitability for electrophysiological recordings...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597847/mapping-the-fine-structure-of-cortical-activity-with-different-micro-ecog-electrode-array-geometries
#5
Xi Wang, Alexis Gkogkidis, Olga Iljina, Lukas Fiederer, Chiristian Henle, Irina Mader, Jan Kaminsky, Thomas Stieglitz, Mortimer Gierthmuehlen, Tonio Ball
OBJECTIVE: Innovations in micro-electrocorticography (µECoG) electrode array manufacturing now allow for intricate designs with smaller contact diameters and/or pitch (i.e., center-to-center contact distance) down to the sub-mm range. The aims of the present study were: (i) to investigate whether frequency ranges up to 400 Hz can be reproducibly observed in µECoG recordings and (ii) to examine how differences in topographical substructure between these frequency bands and electrode array geometries can be quantified...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534411/intracellular-and-extracellular-recording-of-spontaneous-action-potentials-in-mammalian-neurons-and-cardiac-cells-with-3d-plasmonic-nanoelectrodes
#6
Michele Dipalo, Hayder Amin, Laura Lovato, Fabio Moia, Valeria Caprettini, Gabriele C Messina, Francesco Tantussi, Luca Berdondini, Francesco De Angelis
Three-dimensional vertical micro- and nanostructures can enhance the signal quality of multielectrode arrays and promise to become the prime methodology for the investigation of large networks of electrogenic cells. So far, access to the intracellular environment has been obtained via spontaneous poration, electroporation, or by surface functionalization of the micro/nanostructures; however, these methods still suffer from some limitations due to their intrinsic characteristics that limit their widespread use...
June 14, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531985/enhancement-of-electro-chemical-properties-of-tio2-nanotubes-for-biological-interfacing
#7
D Khudhair, H Amani Hamedani, J Gaburro, S Shafei, S Nahavandi, H Garmestani, A Bhatti
Micro/nano electrodes employing nanotubes has attracted paramount attention in recent years due to their inherent superior mechanical and structural properties. Electrical interfaces with different geometries and sizes have been developed as electrodes for measuring action potentials and investigating neural information processing in neural networks. In this work, we investigated the possibility of using TiO2 nanotube arrays that were grown using electrochemical anodization technique, as a micro/nano electrode for neural interfacing...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493361/vertically-aligned-niobium-nanowire-arrays-for-fast-charging-micro-supercapacitors
#8
Seyed M Mirvakili, Ian W Hunter
Planar micro-supercapacitors are attractive for system on chip technologies and surface mount devices due to their large areal capacitance and energy/power density compared to the traditional oxide-based capacitors. In the present work, a novel material, niobium nanowires, in form of vertically aligned electrodes for application in high performance planar micro-supercapacitors is introduced. Specific capacitance of up to 1 kF m(-2) (100 mF cm(-2) ) with peak energy and power density of 2 kJ m(-2) (6.2 MJ m(-3) or 1...
May 11, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454981/neuropharmacological-characterization-of-the-new-psychoactive-substance-methoxetamine
#9
Laura Hondebrink, Emma E J Kasteel, Anke M Tukker, Fiona M J Wijnolts, Anouk H A Verboven, Remco H S Westerink
The use of new psychoactive substances (NPS) is steadily increasing. One commonly used NPS is methoxetamine (MXE), a ketamine analogue. Several adverse effects have been reported following MXE exposure, while only limited data are available on its neuropharmacological modes of action. We investigated the effects of MXE and ketamine on several endpoints using multiple in vitro models. These included rat primary cortical cells, human SH-SY5Y cells, human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived iCell(®) Neurons, DopaNeurons and astrocyte co-cultures, and human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells...
April 25, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442997/high-spatiotemporal-resolution-ecog-recording-of-somatosensory-evoked-potentials-with-flexible-micro-electrode-arrays
#10
Taro Kaiju, Keiichi Doi, Masashi Yokota, Kei Watanabe, Masato Inoue, Hiroshi Ando, Kazutaka Takahashi, Fumiaki Yoshida, Masayuki Hirata, Takafumi Suzuki
Electrocorticogram (ECoG) has great potential as a source signal, especially for clinical BMI. Until recently, ECoG electrodes were commonly used for identifying epileptogenic foci in clinical situations, and such electrodes were low-density and large. Increasing the number and density of recording channels could enable the collection of richer motor/sensory information, and may enhance the precision of decoding and increase opportunities for controlling external devices. Several reports have aimed to increase the number and density of channels...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397927/colloidal-assembly-and-3d-shaping-by-dielectrophoretic-confinement
#11
Ahmet Faik Demirörs, Jérôme J Crassous
For decades, scientists and engineers have strived to design means of assembling colloids into ordered structures. By now, the literature is quite peppered with reports of colloidal assemblies. However, the available methods can assemble only a narrow range of structures or are applicable to specific types of colloids. There are still only few generic methods that would lead to arbitrary colloidal arrays or would shape colloidal assemblies into predesigned structures. Here, we first discuss in detail how to spatially control the assembly and crystallization of colloids through the balance of dielectrophoretic and dipolar forces...
May 3, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393841/biomimetic-supercontainers-for-size-selective-electrochemical-sensing-of-molecular-ions
#12
Nathan L Netzer, Indrek Must, Yupu Qiao, Shi-Li Zhang, Zhenqiang Wang, Zhen Zhang
New ionophores are essential for advancing the art of selective ion sensing. Metal-organic supercontainers (MOSCs), a new family of biomimetic coordination capsules designed using sulfonylcalix[4]arenes as container precursors, are known for their tunable molecular recognition capabilities towards an array of guests. Herein, we demonstrate the use of MOSCs as a new class of size-selective ionophores dedicated to electrochemical sensing of molecular ions. Specifically, a MOSC molecule with its cavities matching the size of methylene blue (MB(+)), a versatile organic molecule used for bio-recognition, was incorporated into a polymeric mixed-matrix membrane and used as an ion-selective electrode...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333641/droplet-size-aware-high-level-synthesis-for-micro-electrode-dot-array-digital-microfluidic-biochips
#13
Zipeng Li, Kelvin Yi-Tse Lai, Po-Hsien Yu, Krishnendu Chakrabarty, Tsung-Yi Ho, Chen-Yi Lee
A digital microfluidic biochip (DMFB) is an attractive technology platform for automating laboratory procedures in biochemistry. In recent years, DMFBs based on a microelectrode-dot-array (MEDA) architecture have been demonstrated. However, due to the inherent differences between today's DMFBs and MEDA, existing synthesis solutions for biochemistry mapping cannot be utilized for MEDA biochips. We present the first synthesis approach that can be used for MEDA biochips. We first present a general analytical model for droplet velocity and validate it experimentally using a fabricated MEDA biochip...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333440/high-packing-density-unidirectional-arrays-of-vertically-aligned-graphene-with-enhanced-areal-capacitance-for-high-power-micro-supercapacitors
#14
Shuanghao Zheng, Zhilin Li, Zhong-Shuai Wu, Yanfeng Dong, Feng Zhou, Sen Wang, Qiang Fu, Chenglin Sun, Liwei Guo, Xinhe Bao
Interfacial integration of a shape-engineered electrode with a strongly bonded current collector is the key for minimizing both ionic and electronic resistance and then developing high-power supercapacitors. Herein, we demonstrated the construction of high-power micro-supercapacitors (VG-MSCs) based on high-density unidirectional arrays of vertically aligned graphene (VG) nanosheets, derived from a thermally decomposed SiC substrate. The as-grown VG arrays showed a standing basal plane orientation grown on a (0001̅) SiC substrate, tailored thickness (3...
April 25, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332478/addressed-immobilization-of-biofunctionalized-diatoms-on-electrodes-by-gold-electrodeposition
#15
S Leonardo, D Garibo, M Fernández-Tejedor, C K O'Sullivan, M Campàs
Diatoms are single cell microalgae with a silica shell (frustule), which possess a micro/nanoporous pattern of unparalleled diversity far beyond the possibilities of current micro- and nanofabrication techniques. To explore diatoms as natural three-dimensional nanostructured supports in sensing and biosensing devices, a simple, rapid and stable method to immobilize diatoms via gold electrodeposition is described. In this process, gold microstructures are formed, immobilizing diatoms by entrapment or crossing their nanopores...
March 23, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322793/temporal-relation-between-neural-activity-and-neurite-pruning-on-a-numerical-model-and-a-microchannel-device-with-micro-electrode-array
#16
Yohei Kondo, Yuichiro Yada, Tatsuya Haga, Yuzo Takayama, Takuya Isomura, Yasuhiko Jimbo, Osamu Fukayama, Takayuki Hoshino, Kunihiko Mabuchi
Synapse elimination and neurite pruning are essential processes for the formation of neuronal circuits. These regressive events depend on neural activity and occur in the early postnatal days known as the critical period, but what makes this temporal specificity is not well understood. One possibility is that the neural activities during the developmentally regulated shift of action of GABA inhibitory transmission lead to the critical period. Moreover, it has been reported that the shifting action of the inhibitory transmission on immature neurons overlaps with synapse elimination and neurite pruning and that increased inhibitory transmission by drug treatment could induce temporal shift of the critical period...
April 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321182/sparse-and-specific-coding-during-information-transmission-between-co-cultured-dentate-gyrus-and-ca3-hippocampal-networks
#17
Daniele Poli, Srikanth Thiagarajan, Thomas B DeMarse, Bruce C Wheeler, Gregory J Brewer
To better understand encoding and decoding of stimulus information in two specific hippocampal sub-regions, we isolated and co-cultured rat primary dentate gyrus (DG) and CA3 neurons within a two-chamber device with axonal connectivity via micro-tunnels. We tested the hypothesis that, in these engineered networks, decoding performance of stimulus site information would be more accurate when stimuli and information flow occur in anatomically correct feed-forward DG to CA3 vs. CA3 back to DG. In particular, we characterized the neural code of these sub-regions by measuring sparseness and uniqueness of the responses evoked by specific paired-pulse stimuli...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319373/morphology-controllable-synthesis-of-zn-co-mixed-sulfide-nanostructures-on-carbon-fiber-paper-toward-efficient-rechargeable-zinc-air-batteries-and-water-electrolysis
#18
Xiaoyu Wu, Xiaopeng Han, Xiaoya Ma, Wei Zhang, Yida Deng, Cheng Zhong, Wenbin Hu
It remains an ongoing challenge to develop cheap, highly active, and stable electrocatalysts to promote the sluggish electrocatalytic oxygen evolution, oxygen reduction, and hydrogen evolution reactions for rechargeable metal-air batteries and water-splitting systems. In this work, we report the morphology-controllable synthesis of zinc cobalt mixed sulfide (Zn-Co-S) nanoarchitectures, including nanosheets, nanoplates, and nanoneedles, grown on conductive carbon fiber paper (CFP) and the micronanostructure dependent electrochemical efficacy for catalyzing hydrogen and oxygen in zinc-air batteries and water electrolysis...
March 28, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317836/microscale-symmetrical-electroporator-array-as-a-versatile-molecular-delivery-system
#19
Mengxing Ouyang, Winfield Hill, Jung Hyun Lee, Soojung Claire Hur
Successful developments of new therapeutic strategies often rely on the ability to deliver exogenous molecules into cytosol. We have developed a versatile on-chip vortex-assisted electroporation system, engineered to conduct sequential intracellular delivery of multiple molecules into various cell types at low voltage in a dosage-controlled manner. Micro-patterned planar electrodes permit substantial reduction in operational voltages and seamless integration with an existing microfluidic technology. Equipped with real-time process visualization functionality, the system enables on-chip optimization of electroporation parameters for cells with varying properties...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290133/the-effects-of-acute-gaba-treatment-on-the-functional-connectivity-and-network-topology-of-cortical-cultures
#20
Yao Han, Hong Li, Yiran Lang, Yuwei Zhao, Hongji Sun, Peng Zhang, Xuan Ma, Jiuqi Han, Qiyu Wang, Jin Zhou, Changyong Wang
γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory transmitter, acting on receptor channels to reduce neuronal excitability in matured neural systems. However, electrophysiological responses of whole neuronal ensembles to the exposure to GABA are still unclear. We used micro-electrode arrays (MEAs) to study the effects of the increasing amount of GABA on functional network of cortical neural cultures. Then the recorded data were analyzed by the cross-covariance analysis and graph theory. Results showed that after the GABA treatment, the activity parameters of firing rate, bursting rate, bursting duration and network burst frequency in neural cultures decreased as expected...
March 13, 2017: Neurochemical Research
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