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Rehabilitation ultrasound imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882009/functional-and-structural-abnormalities-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-in-severely-malnourished-children-a-hospital-based-study
#1
Misbah Anjum, Khemchand N Moorani, Ifra Sameen, Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Shazia Kulsoom
OBJECTIVES: The association of malnutrition and systemic diseases like chronic kidney disease (CKD) is well known. Various urinary tract abnormalities may be associated with malnutrition. So objective of current study was to determine the frequency of functional and structural urinary tract abnormalities in severely malnourished children admitted in Nutritional Rehabilitation Unit (NRU) of a tertiary care facility, Karachi. METHODS: This descriptive cases series of 78 children was conducted in NRU from October 2014 - March 2015...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870804/the-effects-of-low-load-motor-control-exercises-and-a-high-load-lifting-exercise-on-lumbar-multifidus-thickness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Lars Berglund, Björn Aasa, Peter Michaelson, Ulrika Aasa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-load motor control exercises and a high-load lifting exercise, on lumbar multifidus (LM) thickness on either side of the spine and whether the effects are affected by pain intensity or change in pain intensity, among patients with nociceptive mechanical LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is evidence that patients with low back pain may have a decreased size of the (LM) muscles with an asymmetry between sides in the lower back...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753239/application-of-shear-wave-elastography-to-estimate-the-stiffness-of-the-male-striated-urethral-sphincter-during-voluntary-contractions
#3
Ryan E Stafford, Rafeef Aljuraifani, François Hug, Paul W Hodges
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether increases in stiffness can be detected in the anatomical region associated with the striated urethral sphincter during voluntary activation using shear wave elastography; to identify the location and area of the stiffness increase relative to the point of greatest dorsal displacement of the mid urethra (i.e. striated urethral sphincter); and to determine the relationship between muscle stiffness and contraction intensity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten healthy men participated...
October 18, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676998/effect-of-visual-feedback-on-speech-recovery-and-language-plasticity-in-patients-with-post-stroke-non-fluent-aphasia-functional-mri-assessment
#4
Monica Baciu, Audrey Acher, Louise Kauffmann, Emilie Cousin, Claire Boilley, Thomas Hueber, Pierre Badin, Pascal Perrier, Diandra Fabre, Assia Jaillard, Olivier Detante, Dominique Perennou
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of Visual Feedback (VF) on language recovery and plasticity in three chronic non-fluent aphasic patients. VF is based on language-action interaction, thus, language skills are improved by rehabilitation strategies based on execution and observation of motor actions. VF is an ultrasound system coupled with video images, allowing patients to 'see their own lips and tongue at work' during speech and improve their awareness of their lingual and labial movements and their ability to coordinate and combine phonemes and syllables...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672504/muscle-size-explains-low-passive-skeletal-muscle-force-in-heart-failure-patients
#5
Fausto Antonio Panizzolo, Andrew J Maiorana, Louise H Naylor, Lawrence G Dembo, David G Lloyd, Daniel J Green, Jonas Rubenson
BACKGROUND: Alterations in skeletal muscle function and architecture have been linked to the compromised exercise capacity characterizing chronic heart failure (CHF). However, how passive skeletal muscle force is affected in CHF is not clear. Understanding passive force characteristics in CHF can help further elucidate the extent to which altered contractile properties and/or architecture might affect muscle and locomotor function. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate passive force in a single muscle for which non-invasive measures of muscle size and estimates of fiber force are possible, the soleus (SOL), both in CHF patients and age- and physical activity-matched control participants...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667760/the-assessment-of-abdominal-and-multifidus-muscles-and-their-role-in-physical-function-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
W A Cuellar, A Wilson, C L Blizzard, P Otahal, M L Callisaya, G Jones, J A Hides, T M Winzenberg
BACKGROUND: Age-related changes in the trunk (abdominal and lumbar multifidus) muscles and their impact on physical function of older adults are not clearly understood. OBJECTIVES: To systematically summarise studies of these trunk muscles in older adults. DATA SOURCES: Cochrane Library, Pubmed, EMBASE and CINAHL were searched using terms for abdominal and MF muscles and measurement methods. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently assessed studies and included those reporting measurements of abdominal muscles and/or MF by ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or electromyography of adults aged ≥50 years...
June 21, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647180/the-effect-of-low-back-pain-on-trunk-muscle-size-function-and-hip-strength-in-elite-football-soccer-players
#7
Julie A Hides, Tim Oostenbroek, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem in football (soccer) players. The effect of LBP on the trunk and hip muscles in this group is unknown. The relationship between LBP and trunk muscle size and function in football players across the preseason was examined. A secondary aim was to assess hip muscle strength. Twenty-five elite soccer players participated in the study, with assessments conducted on 23 players at both the start and end of the preseason. LBP was assessed with questionnaires and ultrasound imaging was used to assess size and function of trunk muscles at the start and end of preseason...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631530/-management-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
C Fiehn, K Krüger
Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common inflammatory rheumatic disease. Due to the destruction of joints in the course of the disease it leads to significant morbidity in affected patients. The quality of life and even life expectancy can be severely impaired. Early diagnosis and early initiation of treatment is a decisive step towards a more benign course of the disease. New classification criteria have been published in order to help in early diagnosis. Methods of imaging, such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging help in the detection of synovitis, which is the major pathomorphological manifestation of arthritis and should be identified without any doubt...
September 8, 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610550/spinal-cord-injury-during-ultrasound-guided-c7-cervical-medial-branch-block
#9
Donghwi Park, Min Yong Seong, Ha Yong Kim, Ju Seok Ryu
Ultrasound-guided cervical medial branch block (CMBB) is commonly performed to diagnose and treat head, neck, and shoulder pain. However, its use at the C7 level has been shown to be less accurate than at other levels, which may increase the chance of injury owing to the imprecision of needle site provided by the ultrasound guide. We report the first case of iatrogenic spinal cord injury from an ultrasound-guided C7 CMBB. The patient, upon receiving this procedure, had fainted shortly after experiencing an electrical sensation that ran from the neck to the toe...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606282/pudendal-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-due-to-a-ganglion-cyst-a-case-report
#10
Jae Wook Lee, Sung-Moon Lee, Dong Gyu Lee
Pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome is an unusual cause of chronic pelvic pain. We experienced a case of pudendal neuralgia associated with a ganglion cyst. A 60-year-old male patient with a tingling sensation and burning pain in the right buttock and perineal area visited our outpatient rehabilitation center. Pelvis magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of multiple ganglion cysts around the right ischial spine and sacrospinous ligament, and the pudendal nerve and vessel bundle were located between the ischial spine and ganglion cyst at the entrance of Alcock's canal...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579849/multimodality-imaging-review-of-the-post-amputation-stump-pain
#11
Nawaraj Subedi, Priam Heire, Vinay Parmer, Simon Beardmore, Chooi Oh, Fergus Jepson, Syed I Ali
Limb amputation is one of the oldest known surgical procedures performed for a variety of indications. Little surgical technical improvements have been made since the first procedure, but perioperative and post-operative refinements have occurred over time. Post-amputation pain (PAP) of the stump is a common complication but is an extremely challenging condition to treat. Imaging allows early diagnosis of the underlying cause so that timely intervention is possible to minimize physical disability with its possible psychological and socioeconomic implications...
December 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553830/measurement-of-superficial-and-deep-abdominal-muscle-thickness-an-ultrasonography-study
#12
Nahid Tahan, Khosro Khademi-Kalantari, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, Saeed Mikaili, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Shapour Jaberzadeh
BACKGROUND: Real-time ultrasound imaging is a valid method in the field of rehabilitation. The ultrasound imaging allows direct visualization for real-time study of the muscles as they contract over the time. Measuring of the size of each abdominal muscle in relation to the others provides useful information about the differences in structure, as well as data on trunk muscle activation patterns. The purpose of this study was to assess the size and symmetry of the abdominal muscles at rest in healthy adults and to provide a reference range of absolute abdominal muscle size in a relatively large population...
2016: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545426/ultrasound-guided-interventions-for-core-and-hip-injuries-in-athletes
#13
REVIEW
Eoghan McCarthy, Tarek M Hegazi, Adam C Zoga, William B Morrison, William C Meyers, Alex E Poor, Mika T Nevalainen, Johannes B Roedl
Trauma and the mechanical strain of high-energy activity predispose athletes to pelvic injuries. Magnetic resonance imaging remains the primary modality for diagnosing these conditions, but ultrasonography-guided interventions are important in the management of core muscle, hip, and other pelvic conditions. This article reviews ultrasonography-guided interventions for injuries at the core, including the pelvis and hips. It reviews common injuries, procedure optimization, medication preparation, clinical evidence behind injections, tenotomy, and platelet-rich plasma...
September 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540416/quantitative-ultrasound-imaging-of-achilles-tendon-integrity-in-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-individuals-reliability-and-minimal-detectable-change
#14
Marie-Josée Nadeau, Amélie Desrochers, Martin Lamontagne, Christian Larivière, Dany H Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Quantifying the integrity of the Achilles tendon (AT) is a rehabilitation challenge. Adopting quantitative ultrasound measurements (QUS measurements) of the AT could fill this gap by 1) evaluating the test-retest reliability and accuracy of QUS measurements of the AT; 2) determining the best protocol for collecting QUS measurements in clinical practice. METHODS: A total of 23 ATs with symptoms of Achilles tendinopathy and 63 asymptomatic ATs were evaluated...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477582/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-radial-nerves-in-patients-with-unilateral-refractory-lateral-epicondylitis
#15
Eda Gürçay, Özgür Zeliha Karaahmet, Murat Kara, Şule Şahin Onat, Ayşe Merve Ata, Ece Ünlü, Levent Özçakar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible radial nerve entrapment of patients with unilateral refractory lateral epicondylitis (LE) by using ultrasound (US) and electroneuromyography. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three physical medicine and rehabilitation departments. SUBJECTS: Consecutive 44 patients (15 M, 29 F) with unilateral refractory LE. METHODS: All patients underwent detailed clinical, electrophysiological and ultrasonographic evaluations...
July 31, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471728/adhesive-capsulitis-in-eight-dogs-diagnosis-and-management
#16
Brittany J Carr, Sherman O Canapp, Debra A Canapp, Lauri-Jo Gamble, David L Dycus
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical and diagnostic findings as well as management of adhesive capsulitis in dogs. BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis, also known as frozen shoulder, is a syndrome defined by loss of range of motion of the shoulder and may be the end-stage manifestation of several primary conditions. EVIDENTIARY VALUE: This is a case series report of eight dogs with chronic forelimb lameness diagnosed with adhesive capsulitis. METHODS: Medical records (June 1, 2010-September 1, 2015) including, physical examination findings, radiographic findings, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, arthroscopy findings, and treatment plans were reviewed...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376075/18f-fdg-positron-emission-tomography-an-innovative-technique-for-the-diagnosis-of-a-canine-lameness
#17
Kelly Mann, Juliette Hart, Felix Duerr
INTRODUCTION: Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) is widely known for its use in the diagnosis and tracking of primary and metastatic tumors via uptake and retention of the radiopharmaceutical by hypermetabolic cells. 18F-FDG is also used to study the normal physiology of glucose uptake, metabolism, and muscle activity during and after exercise. BACKGROUND: A pilot study adding PET imaging to the diagnostic evaluation of canine patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) for mild or intermittent thoracic and pelvic limb lameness is ongoing...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363572/behavior-of-the-linea-alba-during-a-curl-up-task-in-diastasis-rectus-abdominis-an-observational-study
#18
Diane Lee, Paul W Hodges
Study Design Cross-sectional repeated measures. Background Rehabilitation of diastasis rectus abdominis (DRA) generally aims to reduce the inter-rectus distance (IRD). We tested the hypothesis that activation of the transversus abdominis (TrA) before a curl-up would reduce IRD narrowing, with less linea alba (LA) distortion/deformation, which may allow better force transfer between sides of the abdominal wall. Objectives This study investigated behavior of the LA and IRD during curl-ups performed naturally and with preactivation of the TrA...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27341642/changes-in-deep-lumbar-stabilizing-muscle-thickness-by-transcutaneous-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#19
Seung Ok Baek, Hee Kyung Cho, So Yeon Kim, Rodney Jones, Yun Woo Cho, Sang Ho Ahn
BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is known to stimulate contraction of deep lumbar stabilizing muscles. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in deep lumbar stabilizing muscle thickness during transcutaneous NMES on specific abdominal wall and paraspinal regions. METHODS: Thirty patients with low back pain (LBP) were recruited. Three sessions were preformed: Session 1: NMES on abdominal wall, Session 2: NMES on lumbar paraspinal area, and Session 3: concurrent NMES on abdominal wall and lumbar paraspinal area...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325536/the-effect-of-motor-control-training-on-abdominal-muscle-contraction-during-simulated-weight-bearing-in-elite-cricketers
#20
Julie A Hides, Timothy Endicott, M Dilani Mendis, Warren R Stanton
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether motor control training alters automatic contraction of abdominal muscles in elite cricketers with low back pain (LBP) during performance of a simulated unilateral weight-bearing task. DESIGN: Clinical trial. METHODS: 26 male elite-cricketers attended a 13-week cricket training camp. Prior to the camp, participants were allocated to a LBP or asymptomatic group. Real-time ultrasound imaging was used to assess automatic abdominal muscle response to axial loading...
July 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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