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Rehabilitation ultrasound imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498225/rehabilitation-and-prevention-of-proximal-hamstring-tendinopathy
#1
Nicholas R Beatty, Ioonna Félix, Jessica Hettler, Peter J Moley, James F Wyss
Proximal hamstring tendinopathy (PHT) comprises a small but significant portion of hamstring injuries in athletes, especially runners. PHT is a chronic condition that is clinically diagnosed but can be supported with imaging. The main presenting complaint is pain in the lower gluteal or ischial region that may or may not radiate along the hamstrings in the posterior thigh. There is little scientific evidence on which to base the rehabilitation management of PHT. Treatment is almost always conservative, with a focus on activity modification, addressing contributing biomechanical deficiencies, effective tendon loading including eccentric training, and ultrasound-guided interventional procedures which may facilitate rehabilitation...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465132/comparison-of-cervical-muscle-thickness-between-asymptomatic-women-with-and-without-forward-head-posture
#2
Fateme Bokaee, Asghar Rezasoltani, Farideh D Manshadi, Sedigheh S Naimi, Alireza A Baghban, Hadi Azimi
BACKGROUND: Forward head posture (FHP) is a forward positioning of the head relative to the trunk in the sagittal plane. This posture is one of the most prevalent poor postures in patients with head and neck pain. Rehabilitative Ultrasound Imaging (RUSI) is a reliable method to objectively evaluate muscle thickness and function. OBJECTIVE: To compare thickness of cervical muscles that control both head and neck posture between asymptomatic women with and without FHP...
April 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433831/ultrasonography-of-the-transverse-movement-and-deformation-of-the-median-nerve-and-its-relationships-with-electrophysiological-severity-in-the-early-stages-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#3
Donghwi Park
BACKGROUND: To date, there have been conflicting suggestions regarding the initial pathogenesis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). It has been characterized as either inflammation of the median nerve caused by compression or noninflammatory fibrosis of the subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the initial pathogenesis of CTS, we compared the deformation and displacement of the median nerve in accordance with the electrophysiological severity between patients with CTS (via the Bland scale) and healthy controls...
April 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411338/shoulder-bankart-lesion-with-posterior-instability-a-case-report-of-ultrasound-detection
#4
Ryuzo Arai, Taisuke Ito, Shuzo Okudaira, Shuichi Matsuda
Minor instability of the shoulder has recently drawn attention as a cause of shoulder pain in athletes. However, it is difficult to correctly diagnose the direction in which the humeral head translates and subluxates, and to clarify the pathology of the instability. We present a case of a 20-year-old male with an unstable shoulder who could not raise his left arm due to pain. Since 6 years prior to the onset of pain, the patient could asymptomatically perform voluntary subluxation, but it was slight and the direction of the subluxation could not be confirmed...
April 14, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382216/lower-extremity-muscle-structure-in-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-comparison-between-ultrasonography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Andrew C Smith, Kristen Jakubowski, Marie Wasielewski, Sabrina Sm Lee, James M Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound (US) measures of muscle thickness are used in the management and monitoring of muscle changes during rehabilitation, but it is unknown how this measure compares to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). CASE PRESENTATION: Six participants with incomplete SCI underwent US imaging and MRI of their gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior (TA) muscles. DISCUSSION: Significant correlations were found between US muscle thickness and MRI CSA in the gastrocnemius (R=0...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324974/altered-viscoelastic-properties-of-stroke-affected-muscles-estimated-using-ultrasound-shear-waves-preliminary-data
#6
Ghulam Rasool, Allison B Wang, William Z Rymer, Sabrina S M Lee
As a result of a brain injury such as stroke, the skeletal muscles may undergo numerous structural and functional alterations. These abnormal changes are linked to muscle weakness, joint contracture, and abnormal muscle tone and eventually, result in motor impairment. A subset of these alterations affects passive muscle stiffness, i.e., viscoelastic properties. However, in vivo estimation of changes in viscoelastic properties is a challenging task. Here, we used the shear wave velocity, estimated through ultrasound SuperSonic imaging (SSI), as a surrogate for viscoelastic properties...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314694/stress-ultrasound-in-baseball-players-with-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injuries-additional-value-for-predicting-rehabilitation-outcome
#7
Na Ra Kim, Sung Gyu Moon, Jin-Young Park, Jin Woo Choi, Kyung-Soo Oh
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the additional value of stress ultrasound (US) for predicting rehabilitation outcome in baseball players with ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury. METHODS: Stress US and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 41 baseball players with UCL injury who received rehabilitation treatment for more than 6 weeks were retrospectively compared between the rehabilitation group (n = 23) and surgery group (n = 18)...
May 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290970/severe-systemic-lead-toxicity-resulting-from-extra-articular-retained-shrapnel-presenting-as-jaundice-and-hepatitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Ian A Grasso, Matthew R Blattner, Tyler Short, John W Downs
INTRODUCTION: Despite greater than 60,000 nonfatal firearm injuries per year in the United States, retained shrapnel is a relatively rare cause of systemic lead toxicity with less than 100 cases reported in the medical literature since 1867. While intra-articular retained shrapnel as a cause of lead toxicity is well-described, extra-articular fragments are less well known to cause symptomatic disease. CASE REPORT: A 31-year-old man initially presented with abdominal pain, constipation, jaundice, and elevated liver transaminases approximately 3 weeks after suffering a left lower extremity injury during athletic activity...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248123/-snowball-fight-an-unusual-cause-of-spleen-injury
#9
Jana Bušková, Monika Justýna Poláčková, Zdeněk Pavlovský
Our case describes an innocuous snowball fight arising into a life-threatening condition. Patient with progressive left-sided abdominal pain was brought by ambulance to the hospital. According to history he was not aware of any trauma, just a snowball fight with his wife 5 days ago. Clinical examination finding was: hint of peritoneal irritation, Kehr´s sign and left-subchondrium palpation pain. The spleen trauma suspicion was high. After clinical examination an ultrasound examination was performed, revealing inhomogeneous structure of the spleen surrounded by hypoechoic collection and free fluid in the pelvic area...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245972/static-and-dynamic-shoulder-imaging-to-predict-initial-effectiveness-and-recurrence-after-ultrasound-guided-subacromial-corticosteroid-injections
#10
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Der-Sheng Han, Levent Özçakar
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors contributing to initial effectiveness and recurrence after ultrasound (US)-guided subacromial corticosteroid injections by assessing clinical measurements as well as static and dynamic shoulder US images. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Rehabilitation outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with shoulder pain referred for injection therapy. INTERVENTIONS: US-guided subacromial corticosteroid injection...
February 25, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229841/-neuroimaging-and-blood-biomarkers-in-functional-prognosis-after-stroke
#11
REVIEW
João Paulo Branco, Joana Santos Costa, João Sargento-Freitas, Sandra Oliveira, Bruno Mendes, Jorge Laíns, João Pinheiro
INTRODUCTION: Stroke remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality around the world and it is associated with an important long-term functional disability. Some neuroimaging resources and certain peripheral blood or cerebrospinal fluid proteins can give important information about etiology, therapeutic approach, follow-up and functional prognosis in acute ischemic stroke patients. However, among the scientific community, there is currently more interest in the stroke vital prognosis over the functional prognosis...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227117/altered-viscoelastic-properties-of-stroke-affected-muscles-estimated-using-ultrasound-shear-waves-preliminary-data
#12
Ghulam Rasool, Allison B Wang, William Z Rymer, Sabrina S M Lee, Ghulam Rasool, Allison B Wang, William Z Rymer, Sabrina S M Lee, Ghulam Rasool, Sabrina S M Lee, Allison B Wang, William Z Rymer
As a result of a brain injury such as stroke, the skeletal muscles may undergo numerous structural and functional alterations. These abnormal changes are linked to muscle weakness, joint contracture, and abnormal muscle tone and eventually, result in motor impairment. A subset of these alterations affects passive muscle stiffness, i.e., viscoelastic properties. However, in vivo estimation of changes in viscoelastic properties is a challenging task. Here, we used the shear wave velocity, estimated through ultrasound SuperSonic imaging (SSI), as a surrogate for viscoelastic properties...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145739/achilles-tendon-loading-during-heel-raising-and-lowering-exercises
#13
Andrew Revak, Keith Diers, Thomas W Kernozek, Naghmeh Gheidi, Christina Olbrantz
CONTEXT: Achilles tendinopathies are common injuries during sport participation, although men are more prone to Achilles tendon injuries than women. Heel-raising and -lowering exercises are typically suggested for Achilles tendon rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: To compare the estimated Achilles tendon loading variables and the ankle range of motion (ROM) using a musculoskeletal model during commonly performed heel-raising and -lowering exercises. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
February 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029056/ultrasound-in-dysphagia-rehabilitation-a-novel-approach-following-partial-glossectomy
#14
Katrina M Blyth, Patricia McCabe, Catherine Madill, Kirrie J Ballard
PURPOSE: While the presence of dysphagia following partial glossectomy has been widely reported, there is insufficient quality evidence to guide clinical decision making about the treatment of this disorder. This study investigated a novel dysphagia rehabilitation approach using ultrasound tongue imaging for patient training. METHOD: Initially, a pilot study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of ultrasound visual feedback during swallow tasks. The protocol was then replicated using a single-case experimental designed study to investigate therapeutic effect...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999728/from-acute-achilles-tendon-rupture-to-return-to-play-a-case-report-evaluating-recovery-of-tendon-structure-mechanical-properties-clinical-and-functional-outcomes
#15
Jennifer A Zellers, Daniel H Cortes, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
INTRODUCTION: Achilles tendon rupture results in significant functional deficits regardless of treatment strategy (surgical versus non-surgical intervention). Recovery post-rupture is highly variable, making comprehensive patient assessment critical. Assessment tools may change along the course of recovery as the patient progresses - for instance, moving from a seated heel-rise to standing heel-rise to jump testing. However, tools that serve as biomarkers for early recovery may be particularly useful in informing clinical decision-making...
2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999726/acute-tearing-of-the-oblique-abdominal-wall-insertion-onto-the-iliac-crest-in-an-australian-football-player-a-case-report
#16
Myles Murphy, Marshall Stockden, Bill Breidahl
BACKGROUND: Tears of the abdominal obliques have previously been reported in the vicinity of the lower ribs but they have not been reported in the vicinity of the iliac crest. The purpose of this case report is to describe the mechanism of injury and diagnosis of a distal abdominal oblique tear and subsequent rehabilitation programming. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 21-year-old male Australian football player experienced acute right-sided abdominal pain during a game while performing a commonly executed rotation skill...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942108/effects-of-scapular-stability-exercise-on-shoulder-stability-and-rehabilitative-ultrasound-images-in-office-workers
#17
Seong-Uk Go, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To examine the clinical effectiveness of scapular stability exercise on shoulder stability and rehabilitative ultrasound images in office workers. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-eight subjects were randomly divided into a scapular stability exercise group (n=19) and a manual therapy group (n=19). Subjects in the scapular stability exercise group performed a scapular stability exercise designed to correct the abnormal location of the scapula, at 40 minutes per session, two times per week, for 6 weeks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882009/functional-and-structural-abnormalities-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-in-severely-malnourished-children-a-hospital-based-study
#18
Misbah Anjum, Khemchand N Moorani, Ifra Sameen, Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Shazia Kulsoom
OBJECTIVES: The association of malnutrition and systemic diseases like chronic kidney disease (CKD) is well known. Various urinary tract abnormalities may be associated with malnutrition. So objective of current study was to determine the frequency of functional and structural urinary tract abnormalities in severely malnourished children admitted in Nutritional Rehabilitation Unit (NRU) of a tertiary care facility, Karachi. METHODS: This descriptive cases series of 78 children was conducted in NRU from October 2014 - March 2015...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870804/the-effects-of-low-load-motor-control-exercises-and-a-high-load-lifting-exercise-on-lumbar-multifidus-thickness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Lars Berglund, Björn Aasa, Peter Michaelson, Ulrika Aasa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-load motor control exercises and a high-load lifting exercise, on lumbar multifidus (LM) thickness on either side of the spine and whether the effects are affected by pain intensity or change in pain intensity, among patients with nociceptive mechanical LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is evidence that patients with low back pain may have a decreased size of the (LM) muscles with an asymmetry between sides in the lower back...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753239/application-of-shear-wave-elastography-to-estimate-the-stiffness-of-the-male-striated-urethral-sphincter-during-voluntary-contractions
#20
Ryan E Stafford, Rafeef Aljuraifani, François Hug, Paul W Hodges
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether increases in stiffness can be detected in the anatomical region associated with the striated urethral sphincter (SUS) during voluntary activation using shear-wave elastography (SWE); to identify the location and area of the stiffness increase relative to the point of greatest dorsal displacement of the mid urethra (i.e. SUS); and to determine the relationship between muscle stiffness and contraction intensity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In all, 10 healthy men participated...
April 2017: BJU International
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