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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137521/gender-based-differences-in-mortality-and-complementary-therapies-for-patients-with-stroke-in-taiwan
#1
Chun-Ting Liu, Bei-Yu Wu, Wen-Long Hu, Yu-Chiang Hung
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a leading cause of death worldwide. In this retrospective study, we investigated the different effects of gender on medical behavior, medical service, medical cost, and death from stroke in Taiwan. METHODS: We collected data on the stroke-associated mortality rate according to gender and age group for the period between 2009 and 2013 from the official registry of Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan. We analyzed the data related to stroke-associated medical care and costs in 2013 from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD)...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109260/changes-in-depressive-symptoms-and-correlates-in-hiv-people-at-an-hoa-clinic-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#2
Van-Anh N Huynh, Kien G To, Dung Van Do, Quyen G To, Mai T H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Understanding of depression among Vietnamese people living with HIV (PLWH) is limited. This longitudinal study examines changes in depressive symptoms and identifies its correlates among people living with HIV under antiretroviral therapy at An Hoa Clinic. METHODS: People living with HIV ≥18 years and undergoing antiretroviral therapy for ≥3 months were eligible. Those at final AIDS stage, too ill, or illiterate were excluded due to their inability to complete the self-administered questionnaire...
January 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105675/rambo-a-boyd-t-v-marquez-m-g-2016-the-marriage-and-family-therapy-career-guide-doing-well-while-doing-good-new-york-ny-routledge-139%C3%A2-pp-35-95
#3
REVIEW
James R Huber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102939/what-is-the-relationship-between-increased-access-to-haart-relationship-status-and-fertility-decisions-amongst-hiv-positive-women-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Abigail Burgess, Edward Purssell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between fertility decisions, to have already had a child or to desire to have one in the future, and the prognostic factors of; access to antiretrovirals, the time since these became widely available (year of the study) and relationship status. BACKGROUND: There have been significant advances in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with the advent of antiretroviral therapy which has been used to successfully reduce the rate of mother to child transmission; leading researchers to hypothesise that HIV positive women may desire to have children more so now than in the past...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064523/iranian-postmenopausal-women-s-experiences-of-treatment-of-symptomatic-vulvovaginal-atrophy
#5
E Fooladi, M Deldar, F Mohammadzadeh, E Ahmadnia, S Khani, Z Ghanbari
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to explore the experiences of Iranian postmenopausal women who sought medical help for their symptomatic vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA). METHODS: Five focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted. Participants had to be postmenopausal; had bothersome symptoms of VVA for which they came to the clinic; had previously sought medical help for their VVA; and had confirmed physical signs of VVA upon examination by a gynecologist. RESULTS: Twenty-five women, aged 49-60 years participated in the five FGDs...
February 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996281/il-12r%C3%AE-1-defect-presenting-with-massive-intraabdominal-lymphadenopathy-due-to-mycobacterium-intracellulare-a-case-report
#6
Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Ayşe Karaaslan, Serkan Atici, Gülşen Akkoç, Safa Bariş, Nurhayat Yakut, Sevliya Öcal Demir, Orhan Kaya KÖksalan, Ahmet Soysal, Caroline Deswarte, Jacinta Bustamante, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Mustafa Bakir
Infections due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria species are problematic for people who have immundeficiency. Mendelian Susceptibility to Mycobacterial Diseases (MSMD) defines a group of genetic defects affecting cellular interactions and IFN-γ pathway. Patients with MSMD may present with disseminated infection due to Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine strain, Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, environmental NTM or Salmonella species. Atypical mycobacterial infections and deficient granuloma/giant-cell formation are important clues for MSMD especially in patients with the history of parental consanguineous marriage...
December 12, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984919/from-chemotherapy-to-target-therapies-associated-with-radiation-in-the-treatment-of-nsclc-a-durable-marriage
#7
Filippo Alongi, Stefano Arcangeli, Sara Ramella, Niccolò Giaj-Levra, Paolo Borghetti, Rolando D'angelillo, Francesco Ricchetti, Marta Maddalo, Rosario Mazzola, Marco Trovò, Elvio Russi, Stefano Maria Magrini
The integration between radiotherapy and drugs, from chemotherapy to recently available target therapies, continues to have a relevant role in the treatment of locally advanced and metastatic Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Aim of the present review is to evaluate the promising and emerging application of the best interaction between new drugs and new modalities of radiotherapy. Areas covered: We searched Medline, Google Scholar, PubMed, ProQuest Dissertation, and Theses databases for reports published in English...
January 5, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968882/effects-of-patient-load-and-travel-distance-on-hiv-transmission-in-a-cohort-of-serodiscordant-couples-in-rural-china-a-longitudinal-analysis
#8
M Kumi Smith, William C Miller, Huixin Liu, Chuanyi Ning, Wensheng He, Myron S Cohen, Ning Wang
BACKGROUND: Sustained viral suppression through antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the risk of sexual HIV transmission. However, it can require routine access to reliable and effective medical care, which can be difficult to obtain in resource-constrained areas. We investigated the effects of patient load and travel distance to an HIV care clinic on transmission risk in HIV serodiscordant couples in the Henan Province, China. METHODS: The study cohort arises from a population of HIV-infected individuals in central rural China where regional blood selling scandals in the 1990s led to mass HIV transmission of up to 30 000 people though unsanitary blood collection practices...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752283/design-and-engineering-of-a-transmissible-antiviral-defense
#9
Matthew L Paff, Scott L Nuismer, Andrew D Ellington, Ian J Molineux, Ryan H May, James J Bull
BACKGROUND: We propose, model, and implement a novel system of population-level intervention against a virus. One context is a treatment against a chronic infection such as HIV. The underlying principle is a form of virus 'wars' in which a benign, transmissible agent is engineered to protect against infection by and spread of a lethal virus. In our specific case, the protective agent consists of two entities, a benign virus and a gene therapy vector mobilized by the benign virus. RESULTS: Numerical analysis of a mathematical model identified parameter ranges in which adequate, population-wide protection is achieved...
2016: Journal of Biological Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711185/exit-from-synchrony-in-joint-improvised-motion
#10
Assi Dahan, Lior Noy, Yuval Hart, Avi Mayo, Uri Alon
Motion synchrony correlates with effective and well-rated human interaction. However, people do not remain locked in synchrony; Instead, they repeatedly enter and exit synchrony. In many important interactions, such as therapy, marriage and parent-infant communication, it is the ability to exit and then re-enter synchrony that is thought to build strong relationship. The phenomenon of entry into zero-phase synchrony is well-studied experimentally and in terms of mathematical modeling. In contrast, exit-from-synchrony is under-studied...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701773/dissemination-and-implementation-research-in-marriage-and-family-therapy-an-introduction-and-call-to-the-field
#11
Mathew C Withers, Jamila E Reynolds, Kayla Reed, Kendal Holtrop
Despite the considerable resources allocated to research to promote public health, interventions capable of benefiting individuals and families are not finding their way into regular practice. An important avenue for addressing this problem is through dissemination and implementation (D&I) science, a burgeoning research area focusing on translating empirical knowledge into everyday practice. This article begins by suggesting ways in which MFTs are uniquely equipped to contribute to and benefit from D&I research...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696018/the-therapist-s-role-in-effective-marriage-and-family-therapy-practice-the-case-for-evidence-based-therapists
#12
Adrian J Blow, Eli A Karam
In this paper we argue that the therapist is a crucial change variable in psychotherapy as a whole and in couple, marital, and family therapy specifically. Therapists who work with complex systems require more skills to negotiate demanding therapy contexts. Yet, little is known about what differentiates effective couple, marital, and family therapists from those who are less effective, what innate therapy skills they possess, how they learn, and how they operationalize their knowledge in the therapy room. We discuss the need to emphasize evidence based therapists (as opposed to therapies), and implications of the importance of the role therapists for training, practice, research priorities, and policy...
September 30, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649674/disseminated-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-disease-in-saudi-children-clinical-profile-microbiology-immunology-evaluation-and-outcome
#13
E Bukhari, F Alaklobi, H Bakheet, A Alrabiaah, F Alotibi, F Aljobair, M Alshamrani, E Alaki, F Alnahdi, A Alodyani, F Alzamil
OBJECTIVE: The bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) vaccine is administered worldwide to prevent tuberculosis. Although, Post BCG vaccination complications like disseminated BCG infections are rare and immunocompromised children are at high risk of developing BCG-related complications including BCG-lymphadenitis and other disseminated diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study of children who developed disseminated BCG after vaccination who were admitted in three tertiary care hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in the year 2015...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569777/trends-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-among-people-with-hbv-or-hcv-notification-in-australia-2000-2014
#14
Reem Waziry, Jason Grebely, Janaki Amin, Maryam Alavi, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Jacob George, Gail V Matthews, Matthew Law, Gregory J Dore
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study evaluates trends in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among people with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in New South Wales (NSW), Australia between 2000 and 2014. METHODS: Data on HBV and HCV notifications between January 1993 and December 2012 were linked to the NSW Admitted Patients Data Collection database between July 2000 and June 2014 and NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages. The burden, crude and age-standardised incidence of HCC based on first hospitalization were calculated...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547220/association-of-psychological-characteristics-and-functional-dyspepsia-treatment-outcome-a-case-control-study
#15
Yiping Chen, Caihua Wang, Jinyu Wang, Leilei Zheng, Weibo Liu, Huichun Li, Shaohua Yu, Bin Pan, Hualiang Yu, Risheng Yu
This study was to investigate the association of psychological characteristics and functional dyspepsia treatment outcome. 109 patients who met the criteria for FD were enrolled. Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL90), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used to measure personality, psychological symptoms, and sleep quality in our patients. Leeds Dyspepsia Questionnaire (LDQ) was used to assess dyspeptic symptoms at baseline and after eight weeks of treatment. The LDQ scores change after therapy, and the degraded rate of LDQ was used to assess the prognosis of patients...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436638/development-and-validation-of-the-marital-metaphor-questionnaire-mmq-10-for-urban-chinese-women
#16
Ruth D H Zhou, Marcus Y L Chiu, Wing-Yip Chui
Metaphors have long been applied to marital counseling and couple therapy. This pioneering study measures marital conceptualization through metaphors. It reports the validation of the Marital Metaphor Questionnaire (MMQ-10), designed to measure the marriage conceptualization of Chinese women through marital metaphors. The MMQ-10 was found to have favorable psychometric properties including reliable internal consistency, a good discriminative prediction of marriage at risk and moderate correlation with a Chinese indigenous multidimensional marital satisfaction inventory...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354669/integration-of-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-with-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-in-stage-iv-oncogene-driven-lung-cancer
#17
Meghan Campo, Hani Al-Halabi, Melin Khandekar, Alice T Shaw, Lecia V Sequist, Henning Willers
UNLABELLED: : Genotype-based selection of patients for targeted therapies has had a substantial impact on the treatment of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) directed at cancers driven by oncogenes, such as epidermal growth factor receptor mutations or anaplastic lymphoma kinase rearrangements, often achieve dramatic responses and result in prolonged survival compared with chemotherapy. However, TKI resistance invariably develops. Disease progression can be limited to only one or a few sites and might not be symptomatic, raising the important question of whether this type of oligoprogression warrants a change in systemic therapy or consideration of local treatment...
August 2016: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297024/unique-characteristics-of-cohabiters-seeking-therapy
#18
Samuel Shannon, Suzanne Bartle-Harring
There is limited information on cohabiters presenting for therapy. The authors examined the characteristics of 143 married and 54 cohabiting, young (m = 30.39), Caucasian, couples presenting for therapy. We hypothesized that cohabiters presenting for therapy would be more satisfied and committed than married couples and that they would be similarly emotionally differentiated. We conducted a repeated-measures MANOVA to test the hypothesis. Significant effects between partners and between dyads were found, indicating a difference between clients based on relationship status...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282713/most-and-least-meaningful-learning-experiences-in-marriage-and-family-therapy-education
#19
Fred P Piercy, Ryan M Earl, Renu K Aldrich, Hoa N Nguyen, Sarah M Steelman, Emily Haugen, Dana Riger, Ruvi T Tsokodayi, Jamie West, Yesim Keskin, Emily Gary
Marriage and family therapy educators increasingly emphasize training competencies. What we know less about is what makes family therapy education meaningful to marriage and family therapy (MFT) graduate students and what does not. In this study, through an Internet survey, we explored the most and least meaningful learning experiences of 68 MFT graduate students and recent graduates of Commission on Accreditation for Marriage and Family Therapy Education-accredited programs. We used thematic analysis to identify and illustrate resulting themes, which included the importance of experiential and personal components to learning, the professor-student alliance, tying theory to practice, and the experiences of students with their clients, among others...
October 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280971/aav-vectorization-of-dsb-mediated-gene-editing-technologies
#20
Rachel J Moser, Matthew L Hirsch
Recent work both at the bench and the bedside demonstrate zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs), CRISPR/Cas9, and other programmable site-specific endonuclease technologies are being successfully utilized within and alongside AAV vectors to induce therapeutically relevant levels of directed gene editing within the human chromosome. Studies from past decades acknowledge that AAV vector genomes are enhanced substrates for homology-directed repair in the presence or absence of targeted DNA damage within the host genome...
2016: Current Gene Therapy
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