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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814709/spindle-cell-oncocytoma-of-the-anterior-pituitary-presenting-with-an-acute-clinical-course-due-to-intraventricular-hemorrhage-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#1
Mostafa Osman, Andrew Wild
BACKGROUND Spindle cell oncocytoma (SCO) is a rare nonfunctioning neoplasm of the adenohypophysis, and was first described in 2002. SCO has been categorized as a separate entity by the 2007 World Health Organization (WHO) and is classified as a Grade 1 tumor of the central nervous system (CNS). Review of the literature has shown that 33 cases of SCO have been reported to date, and most of them presented with a mass effect or with panhypopituitarism. However, all reported cases have described the tendency of SCO to be hypervascular on imaging and histology...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807344/pituicytoma-review-of-commonalities-and-distinguishing-features-among-ttf-1-positive-tumors-of-the-central-nervous-system
#2
REVIEW
Siba El Hussein, Cristina Vincentelli
Pituicytoma is a rare low-grade glial neoplasm that originates in the distribution of the neurohypophysis, including the posterior pituitary lobe and infundibular stalk. The tumor cells resemble pituicytes, which are specialized glial cells of the neurohypophysis. Pituicytoma can be misdiagnosed pre-operatively as a pituitary adenoma due to overlapping clinical and neuroimaging features between these two entities. Pituicytoma can also mimic other neoplasms of the sellar and parasellar regions microscopically - meningioma, schwannoma and pilocytic astrocytoma - and shares immunohistochemical expression of TTF-1 with spindle cell oncocytoma and granular cell tumor of the sellar region, suggesting a common histogenesis...
August 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807339/primary-collision-tumors-of-the-kidney-composed-of-oncocytoma-and-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Zulfia McCroskey, Sue J Sim, Andrew A Selzman, Alberto G Ayala, Jae Y Ro
BACKGROUND: There are well known cases of hybrid tumors of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and oncocytoma in kidney, where both tumors have the same cell of origin - intercalated cell of the collecting duct. However, collision tumors composed of neoplasms originating from different cell lineages such as oncocytoma and papillary RCC are extremely rare. Herein, we made a collective literature review of reported cases of collision tumors composed of oncocytoma and papillary RCC, adding a case that we recently experienced...
August 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766057/overview-of-the-2017-who-classification-of-pituitary-tumors
#4
REVIEW
Ozgur Mete, M Beatriz Lopes
This review focuses on discussing the main changes on the upcoming fourth edition of the WHO Classification of Tumors of the Pituitary Gland emphasizing histopathological and molecular genetics aspects of pituitary neuroendocrine (i.e., pituitary adenomas) and some of the non-neuroendocrine tumors involving the pituitary gland. Instead of a formal review, we introduced the highlights of the new WHO classification by answering select questions relevant to practising pathologists. The revised classification of pituitary adenomas, in addition to hormone immunohistochemistry, recognizes the role of other immunohistochemical markers including but not limited to pituitary transcription factors...
August 1, 2017: Endocrine Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763900/-application-of-mini-flank-open-nephron-sparing-surgery-via-retroperitoneal-route-for-centrally-located-renal-tumor-treatment-a-single-center-experience
#5
Y N Lu, F Zhang, X Y Hu, N Q Yang, J M Guo, H Wang
Objective: To investigate the safety and feasibility of mini-flank open nephron sparing surgery (MI-OPN) via retroperitoneal route for the treatment of centrally located renal tumor. Methods: From May 2013 to April 2015, twenty-four cases of centrally located renal tumor were treated with MI-OPN via retroperitoneal route in Zhongshan Hospital. All cases were included in this study with whose clinical data and long term follow-up information retrospectively analyzed. Results: With the assistance of intraoperative ultrasonography to confirm tumor location and boundary, MI-OPN was successfully performed in all cases...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755508/solid-renal-tumors-isoenhancing-to-kidneys-on-contrast-enhanced-sonography-differentiation-from-pseudomasses
#6
Michele Bertolotto, Calogero Cicero, Orlando Catalano, Francesca Currò, Lorenzo Egildo Derchi
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of solid renal tumors isoenhancing to kidneys in all vascular phases on contrast-enhanced sonography and to investigate whether they can be differentiated from pseudomasses. METHODS: A computer search of the databases of 3 institutions identified 31 patients with pseudomasses and 380 patients with solid tumors investigated with contrast-enhanced sonography. Nineteen of 380 (5%) patients had tumors isoenhancing in all phases...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737368/spindle-cell-oncocytoma-of-the-pituitary-gland
#7
Mansour Mathkour, Juanita Garces, Tyler Scullen, Edison Valle-Giler, Shams Halat, Teresa Arrington, Marcus Ware
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687249/etiopathogenesis-of-oncocytomas
#8
REVIEW
Marcelo Correia, Pedro Pinheiro, Rui Batista, Paula Soares, Manuel Sobrinho-Simões, Valdemar Máximo
Oncocytomas are distinct tumors characterized by an abnormal accumulation of defective and (most probably) dysfunctional mitochondria in cell cytoplasm of such tumors. This particular phenotype has been studied for the last decades and the clarification of the etiopathogenic causes are still needed. Several mechanisms involved in the formation and maintenance of oncocytomas are accepted as reasonable causes, but the relevance and contribution of each one for oncocytic transformation may depend on different cancer etiopathogenic contexts...
July 4, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682831/liver-metastases-from-renal-oncocytoma-with-vascular-extension
#9
Giovanni Cacciamani, Luca Cima, Miriam Ficial, Giovanni Novella, Salvatore Siracusano, Umberto Tedeschi, Matteo Balzarro, Umberto Montin, Maria A Cerruto, Vincenzo De Marco, Antonio B Porcaro, Ondrej Hes, Antonia DʼErrico, Guido Martignoni, Claudio Ghimenton, Gianluigi Zaza, Walter Artibani, Matteo Brunelli, Albino Eccher
The 2016 World Health Organization Renal Tumor Classification defines renal oncocytoma (RO) as a benign epithelial tumor; however, malignant histopathologic features have been documented. Rare cases with metastases have been reported. We describe the case of a 62-year-old woman who was referred to the Urology Clinic for a routine work-up. Magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography showed a 7-cm mass in the middle and lower portions of the left kidney and 2 suspected liver metastases. The patient underwent surgery...
July 4, 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668830/increased-nicotinamide-phosphoribosyltransferase-and-cystathionine-%C3%AE-synthase-in-renal-oncocytomas-renal-urothelial-carcinoma-and-renal-clear-cell-carcinoma
#10
Rodney E Shackelford, Jehan Abdulsattar, Eric X Wei, James Cotelingam, Domenico Coppola, Guillermo A Herrera
BACKGROUND: Renal oncocytomas (ROs), and clear cell (RCC) and urothelial carcinomas (UC), are common renal neoplasms. Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) catalyzes the rate-limiting step of NAD(+) synthesis and its expression is increased in several tumors. Nampt concomitantly regulates hydrogen sulfide (H2S)-synthesizing enzyme levels, including cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used tissue microarrays to examine Nampt and the H2S-synthesizing enzyme CBS protein levels in benign kidney, RCC, UC and ROs...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668473/multiple-recurrences-require-long-term-follow-up-in-patients-diagnosed-with-spindle-cell-oncocytoma-of-the-sella-turcica
#11
Branavan Manoranjan, Alex Koziarz, Michelle M Kameda-Smith, John P Provias
Spindle cell oncocytoma (SCO) of the sella turcica is characterized as a WHO grade I non-endocrine neoplasm of the sella turcica. Histologically, these tumors contain spindled and variably oncocytic cellular processes. Although SCOs lack immunoreactivity for neuroendocrine markers and pituitary hormones, they are clinically indistinguishable from non-functioning pituitary adenomas. In contrast to the initially described benign clinical course, several reports have subsequently illustrated cases with multiple recurrences with or without histological features of anaplasia in the form of nuclear pleomorphism, frequent mitoses, high Ki-67 index, and/or necrosis...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662726/identification-of-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-oncocytoma-using-a-three-gene-promoter-methylation-panel
#12
Ana Sílvia Pires-Luís, Pedro Costa-Pinheiro, Maria João Ferreira, Luís Antunes, Francisco Lobo, Jorge Oliveira, Rui Henrique, Carmen Jerónimo
BACKGROUND: Promoter methylation has emerged as a promising class of epigenetic biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of renal cell tumors (RCTs). Although differential gene promoter methylation patterns have been reported for the major subtypes (clear cell, papillary and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, and oncocytoma), validation of diagnostic performance in independent series have been seldom performed. Herein, we aimed at assessing the diagnostic performance of genes previously shown to be hypermethylated in RCTs in different clinical settings...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631277/spindle-cell-oncocytoma-of-adenohypophysis-review-of-literature-and-report-of-another-recurrent-case
#13
Akash Sali, Sridhar Epari, Chandralekha Tampi, Atul Goel
Spindle cell oncocytoma (SCO) of adenohypophysis was first described in 2002 by Roncaroli et al. as a new entity in the tumors originating from adenohypophysis. It was subsequently recognized as a distinct entity in the 2007 WHO classification of CNS tumors and retained in the current updated classification. In contrast to that suggested by the original authors, this tumor does have a potential for recurrence as first described by Kloub et al. and later with many such case reports. This tumor can be confused with other sellar tumors like pituicytomas and pituitary adenoma, both radiologically and histopathologically...
June 19, 2017: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631081/diffusion-weighted-imaging-versus-contrast-enhanced-mr-imaging-for-the-differentiation-of-renal-oncocytomas-and-chromophobe-renal-cell-carcinomas
#14
Yan Zhong, Haiyi Wang, Yanguang Shen, Aitao Guo, Jia Wang, Suhai Kang, Lu Ma, Jingjing Pan, Huiyi Ye
OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with that of contrast-enhanced MRI in differentiating renal oncocytomas from chromophobe renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). METHODS: We recruited 48 patients with histopathologically confirmed renal oncocytomas (n=16) and chromophobe RCCs (n=32). All patients underwent preoperative DWI and contrast-enhanced MRI. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and signal intensity were measured in each patient...
June 19, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612665/granular-cell-tumor-of-the-neurohypophysis-with-tfe-3-expression-a-rare-case-report
#15
Guang-Zhi Yang, Jing Li
Granular cell tumor (GCT) rarely involves the central nervous system, and fewer than 100 cases have been reported in English literatures. We herein report a case of a 36-year-old Chinese man with GCT of the neurohypophysis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed one mass located in the hypophysis with heterogeneous contrast enhancement. Pathological examination showed a neoplasm comprising densely packed polygonal cells of ample cytoplasm with abundant eosinophilic granules inside. The nuclei were small with inconspicuous nucleoli and yet without any mitoses...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600877/stepwise-algorithm-using-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-diagnosis-of-fat-poor-angiomyolipoma-in-small-renal-masses-development-and-external-validation
#16
Hajime Tanaka, Yasuhisa Fujii, Hiroshi Tanaka, Junichiro Ishioka, Yoh Matsuoka, Kazutaka Saito, Sho Uehara, Noboru Numao, Takeshi Yuasa, Shinya Yamamoto, Hitoshi Masuda, Junji Yonese, Kazunori Kihara
OBJECTIVES: To develop a stepwise diagnostic algorithm for fat-poor angiomyolipoma in small renal masses. METHODS: Two cohorts of small renal masses <4 cm without an apparent fat component that was pathologically diagnosed were included: 153 cases (18 fat-poor angiomyolipomas/135 renal cell carcinomas) for model development and 71 cases (seven fat-poor angiomyolipomas/59 renal cell carcinomas/5 oncocytomas) for validation. Dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and clinical findings were analyzed...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592361/ct-imaging-of-solid-renal-masses-pitfalls-and-solutions
#17
REVIEW
S Krishna, C A Murray, M D McInnes, R Chatelain, M Siddaiah, O Al-Dandan, S Narayanasamy, N Schieda
Computed tomography (CT) remains the first-line imaging test for the characterisation of renal masses; however, CT has inherent limitations, which if unrecognised, may result in errors. The purpose of this manuscript is to present 10 pitfalls in the CT evaluation of solid renal masses. Thin section non-contrast enhanced CT (NECT) is required to confirm the presence of macroscopic fat and diagnosis of angiomyolipoma (AML). Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can mimic renal cysts at NECT when measuring <20 HU, but are usually heterogeneous with irregular margins...
September 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591289/oncocytoma-of-the-lacrimal-gland-a-case-report
#18
Eduardo Muniz Fenelon, Ivelise Theresa Balby, Nathália Teles das Neves, Florêncio Figueiredo, Eliza Carla Barros Duarte, Patrick Frensel Tzelikis
Here we describe a rare case of a benign tumor in the lacrimal gland of a healthy 4-year-old girl. Mild proptosis was the only abnormality observed on clinical examination. Magnetic resonance imaging of the right orbit revealed an oval, solid, well-circumscribed, homogeneous mass extending from the lacrimal gland and measuring 2.5 × 2.3 × 1.7 cm without any evidence of invasion into adjacent bones. The lesion was surgically excised and histological analyses defined the diagnosis of oncocytoma of the lacrimal gland...
March 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551171/remote-development-of-tumor-to-tumor-metastasis-of-breast-adenocarcinoma-in-a-renal-oncocytoma
#19
Daniel P Bitner, Matt B Clements, Helen P Cathro, Ayman Mithqal, Noah S Schenkman
Tumor-to-tumor metastasis (TTM) is a rare phenomenon where a focus of distinct metastatic disease is discovered with a second primary tumor. While renal cell carcinoma is the most frequent recipient of metastatic tumor cells, oncocytomas have also previously been described. We present the case of a patient with incidentally detected mammary adenocarcinoma within an oncocytoma 16 years following primary treatment. The mass was treated with partial nephrectomy, with the surgical pathology specimen showing clear delineation of the pleomorphic lobular carcinoma and oncocytoma cells...
May 24, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528853/sarcomatoid-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-collecting-duct-carcinoma-discrimination-from-common-renal-cell-carcinoma-subtypes-and-benign-rcc-mimics-on-multiphasic-mdct
#20
Jonathan R Young, Jocelyn A Young, Daniel J A Margolis, Steven Sauk, James Sayre, Allan J Pantuck, Steven S Raman
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether imaging features on multiphasic multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) can help discriminate sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) from other solid renal masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With institutional review board approval for this HIPAA-compliant study, we derived a cohort of 7 sarcomatoid RCCs, 4 CDCs, 165 clear cell RCCs, 56 papillary RCCs, 22 chromophobe RCCs, 49 oncocytomas, and 16 lipid-poor angiomyolipomas with preoperative multiphasic MDCT with up to four phases (unenhanced, corticomedullary, nephrographic, and excretory)...
May 18, 2017: Academic Radiology
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