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Tumor endothelial marker 8

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451701/phase-1b-study-of-pasireotide-everolimus-and-selective-internal-radioembolization-therapy-for-unresectable-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-hepatic-metastases
#1
Hyun S Kim, Walid L Shaib, Chao Zhang, Ganji Purnachandra Nagaraju, Christina Wu, Olatunji B Alese, Zhengjia Chen, Edith Brutcher, Meredith Renfroe, Bassel F El-Rayes
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) metastasize to the liver. Everolimus and selective internal radioembolization (SIRT) are approved treatments. Pasireotide is a somatostatin analogue with an affinity for somatostatin receptors 1, 2, 3, and 5. Everolimus and pasireotide may potentiate SIRT radiosensitization and inhibit rebound angiogenesis. This study evaluated the safety of pasireotide, everolimus, and SIRT. METHODS: This 3 + 3 phase 1 trial evaluated 3 dose levels of everolimus (2...
February 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444773/lung-function-inflammation-and-endothelin-1-in-congenital-heart-disease-associated-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#2
Andrew Low, Sarah George, Luke Howard, Nicholas Bell, Ann Millar, Robert M R Tulloh
BACKGROUND: Breathlessness is the most common symptom in people with pulmonary arterial hypertension and congenital heart disease (CHD-APAH), previously thought to be caused by worsening PAH, but perhaps also by inflammation and abnormalities of lung function. We studied lung function and airway inflammation in patients with CHD-APAH and compared the results with controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty people were recruited into the study: 20 CHD-APAH, 20 CHD controls, and 20 healthy controls...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433563/therapeutic-effect-of-human-umbilical-cord-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-injured-rat-endometrium-during-its-chronic-phase
#3
Lu Zhang, Ying Li, Chun-Yi Guan, Shi Tian, Xiao-Dan Lv, Jian-Hui Li, Xu Ma, Hong-Fei Xia
BACKGROUND: Repair deficiency after endometrial injury is an important reason for intra-uterine adhesions, amenorrhea, and infertility in females. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation is effective in repairing the damaged endometrium. However, the possibility of using umbilical cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) to treat endometrial injury is rarely reported. METHODS: Ethanol (95%) was injected into rat uterus to establish a model of endometrial injury...
February 13, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397265/the-evaluation-of-circulating-endothelial-progenitor-cells-and-related-angiogenic-markers-as-prognostic-factors-in-soft-tissue-tumors
#4
Ioannis Karampinis, Elena Joas, Anna Dreyer, Ulrich Ronellenfitsch, Jens Jakob, Peter Hohenberger, Kai Nowak
INTRODUCTION: Neovascularisation is a critical step in the progression of malignant tumors. Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (cEPC) have been proposed as surrogate markers of vasculogenesis in malignancies. In this project, we studied the impact of tumor-specific therapy on cEPC and associated angiogenic factors in patients with soft tissue tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients with soft tissue tumors (25 soft tissue sarcomas, 19 GIST, 9 desmoids) and 15 healthy controls were included...
January 31, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392318/a-novel-choroidal-endothelial-cell-line-has-a-decreased-affinity-for-the-age-related-macular-degeneration-associated-complement-factor-h-variant-402h
#5
Markus A Loeven, Jasper J van Gemst, Carolien M S Schophuizen, Viranga Tilakaratna, Lambert P van den Heuvel, Anthony J Day, B Jeroen Klevering, Johan van der Vlag
Purpose: Choroidal endothelial cells play a central role in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Protocols for isolating primary choroidal endothelial cells have been described but require access to human donor eyes, which is a limiting factor. Therefore, a conditionally immortalized choroidal endothelial cell (ciChEnC) line has been established. Methods: Choroidal endothelial cells were selected by magnetic-activated cell sorting and conditionally immortalized using temperature-sensitive simian virus 40 large T antigen and human telomerase...
February 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389738/the-effects-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibition-and-alpha-1-adrenergic-receptor-blockade-on-inflammation-and-hemostasis-in-human-hypertension
#6
M Ekholm, A Jekell, N H Wallén, B Gigante, T Kahan
Drugs blocking the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system may offer benefit on endothelial function, inflammation, and hemostasis in addition to the effects of reducing blood pressure. We examined the contribution of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril and the alpha 1-adrenergic receptor blocker doxazosin on blood pressure and on markers of inflammation and hemostasis in 59 individuals with mild-to-moderate hypertension randomized to receive double blind ramipril 10 mg od or doxazosin 8 mg od for 12 weeks...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387865/rage-aptamer-attenuates-the-growth-and-liver-metastasis-of-malignant-melanoma-in-nude-mice
#7
Nobutaka Nakamura, Takanori Matsui, Yuji Ishibashi, Ami Sotokawauchi, Kei Fukami, Yuichiro Higashimoto, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi
Epidemiological studies have suggested the link between cumulative diabetic exposure and cancer. Interaction of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) with their receptor (RAGE) may contribute to the phenomenon. We examined here the effects of DNA aptamer raised against RAGE (RAGE-aptamer) on growth and liver metastasis of G361 melanoma in nude mice. Malignant melanoma cells were intradermally injected into the upper flank region of nude mice, which received continuous administration of RAGE-aptamer (38.4 pmol/day/g body weight) or vehicle intraperitoneally by an osmotic pump up to 42 days...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373859/urine-arsenic-and-arsenic-metabolites-in-u-s-adults-and-biomarkers-of-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-endothelial-dysfunction-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Shohreh F Farzan, Caitlin G Howe, Michael S Zens, Thomas Palys, Jacqueline Y Channon, Zhigang Li, Yu Chen, Margaret R Karagas
BACKGROUND: Arsenic (As) exposure has been associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and with biomarkers of potential CVD risk and inflammatory processes. However, few studies have evaluated the effects of As on such biomarkers in U.S. populations, which are typically exposed to low to moderate As concentrations. OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations between As exposures and biomarkers relevant to inflammation, oxidative stress, and CVD risk in a subset of participants from the New Hampshire Health Study, a population with low to moderate As exposure (n=418)...
December 15, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323210/anticancer-potentiality-of-lignan-rich-fraction-of-six-flaxseed-cultivars
#9
Shahira M Ezzat, Samia A Shouman, Abeer Elkhoely, Yasmin M Attia, Mohamed S Elsesy, Amira S El Senousy, Mouchira A Choucry, Sabah H El Gayed, Abeer A El Sayed, Essam Abdel Sattar, Nebal El Tanbouly
The objective of our study is to highlight the therapeutic effect and mechanism of action by which purified Flaxseed hydrolysate (PFH) which is a lignan rich fraction exerts its anticancer activity on a human breast cancer cell line (T47D) and in mice bearing tumor. HPLC analysis of PFH of six flaxseed cultivars had shown that PFH of the cultivar Giza 9 (PFH-G9) contains the highest concentration of SDG (81.64 mg/g). The in vitro cytotoxic potentiality of PFH's of six flaxseed cultivars was screened against a panel of human cancer cell lines...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303078/molecular-adjuvants-based-on-plasmids-encoding-protein-aggregation-domains-affect-bone-marrow-niche-homeostasis
#10
Maria Giovanna Sabbieti, Giovanna Lacava, Andrea Amaroli, Luigi Marchetti, Roberta Censi, Piera Di Martino, Dimitrios Agas
BACKGROUND: During last years, DNA vaccine immunogenicity has been optimized by the employment of co-stimulatory molecules and molecular adjuvants. It has been reported that plasmid (pATRex), encompassing the DNA sequence for the von Willebrand A (vWA/A) domain of the Anthrax Toxin Receptor-1 (ANTXR-1, alias TEM8, Tumor Endothelial Marker 8), acts as strong immune adjuvant by inducing formation of insoluble intracellular aggregates. Markedly, we faced with upsetting findings regarding the safety of pATRex as adjuvant since the aggregosome formation prompted to osteopenia in mice...
January 5, 2018: Current Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289482/the-correlation-between-hif-1-alpha-and-vegf-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinomas-expression-patterns-and-quantitative-immunohistochemical-analysis
#11
Li-Tzu Lee, Yong-Kie Wong, Chan Man-Yee, Kuo-Wei Chang, Shyh-Chang Chen, Chiou-Tuz Chang, John Wang
BACKGROUND: The prognostic predict biomarkers are important in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We investigated the expression patterns and quantitation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in OSCC patients. Among OSCC patients with recurrence and metastasis, the expression percentages of HIF-1α and VEGF also were analyzed. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients (8 hyperkeratosis, 30 oral squamous cell carcinoma) were included in this study...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276854/the-impact-of-physical-activity-on-serum-inflammatory-markers-in-overweight-pubertal-boys-24-month-follow-up-study
#12
Liina Remmel, Vallo Tillmann, Eva Mengel, Pille Kool, Priit Purge, Evelin Lätt, Jaak Jürimäe
PURPOSE: To investigate the differences in the pattern of changes in serum inflammatory cytokines measured annually over a 24-month period, between less active and more active overweight boys. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: In total, 25 pubertal overweight boys were divided by their moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels into 2 groups: less active group (LAG; n = 10; MVPA < 60 min/d) and more active group (MAG; n = 15; MVPA > 60 min/d). Physical activity was measured by 7-day accelerometry...
December 23, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274587/cardioprotective-effects-of-total-flavonoids-from-jinhe-yangxin-prescription-by-activating-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-in-myocardial-ischemia-injury
#13
Yangang Cheng, Jinyan Tan, Huifeng Li, Xiangpeng Kong, Yan Liu, Rui Guo, Guoyan Li, Bingyou Yang, Miaorong Pei
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of total flavonoids of Jinhe yangxin prescription (JHTF) on myocardial ischemia (MI) injury rats induced by Isoproterenol (ISO) and explore the potential mechanisms underlying these effects. 128 male rats were randomized into 8 groups: Control, Model, Positive, JHTF-H (2.64 g/kg/d), JHTF-M (1.32 g/kg/day), JHTF-L (0.66 g/kg/d), LY + JHTF (JHTF-H plus LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3K/Akt) and LY groups. Electrocardiogram, histopathological examination and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nickend labeling (TUNEL) assay were performed...
December 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228087/analysis-of-angiogenesis-biomarkers-for-ramucirumab-efficacy-in-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-from-raise-a-global-randomized-double-blind-phase-iii-study
#14
J Tabernero, R R Hozak, T Yoshino, A L Cohn, R Obermannova, G Bodoky, R Garcia-Carbonero, T-E Ciuleanu, D C Portnoy, J Prausová, K Muro, R W Siegel, R J Konrad, H Ouyang, S A Melemed, D Ferry, F Nasroulah, E Van Cutsem
Background: The phase III RAISE trial (NCT01183780) demonstrated that the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor (VEGFR)-2 binding monoclonal antibody ramucirumab plus 5-fluororuracil, leucovorin, and irinotecan (FOLFIRI) significantly improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) compared with placebo+FOLFIRI as second-line metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treatment. To identify patients who benefit the most from VEGFR-2 blockade, the RAISE trial design included a prospective and comprehensive biomarker program that assessed the association of biomarkers with ramucirumab efficacy outcomes...
December 7, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190776/large-scale-identification-of-human-cerebrovascular-proteins-inter-tissue-and-intracerebral-vascular-protein-diversity
#15
Soo Jung Lee, Soonhyung Kwon, John R Gatti, Ejona Korcari, Ty E Gresser, Princess C Felix, Simon G Keep, Kevin C Pasquale, Tongxu Bai, Sabrina A Blanchett-Anderson, Nancy W Wu, Charissa Obeng-Nyarko, Kossi M Senagbe, Kathy C Young, Snehaa Maripudi, Bharath C Yalavarthi, Dajana Korcari, Andre Y Liu, Benjamin C Schaffler, Richard F Keep, Michael M Wang
The human cerebrovascular system is responsible for regulating demand-dependent perfusion and maintaining the blood-brain barrier (BBB). In addition, defects in the human cerebrovasculature lead to stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, vascular malformations, and vascular cognitive impairment. The objective of this study was to discover new proteins of the human cerebrovascular system using expression data from the Human Protein Atlas, a large-scale project which allows public access to immunohistochemical analysis of human tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158813/vascularized-tissue-engineered-model-for-studying-drug-resistance-in-neuroblastoma
#16
A Villasante, K Sakaguchi, J Kim, N K Cheung, M Nakayama, H Parsa, T Okano, T Shimizu, G Vunjak-Novakovic
Neuroblastoma is a vascularized pediatric tumor derived from neural crest stem cells that displays vasculogenic mimicry and can express a number of stemness markers, such as SOX2 and NANOG. Tumor relapse is the major cause of succumbing to this disease, and properties attributed to cancer stem-like cells (CSLC), such as drug-resistance and cell plasticity, seem to be the key mechanisms. However, the lack of controllable models that recapitulate the features of human neuroblastoma limits our understanding of the process and impedes the development of new therapies...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151077/weight-loss-dependent-and-independent-effects-of-moderate-calorie-restriction-on-endothelial-cell-markers-in-obesity
#17
K Korybalska, J Luczak, E Swora-Cwynar, A Kanikowska, N Czepulis, D Kanikowska, H Skalisz, A Breborowicz, M Grzymislawski, J Witowski
Endothelial cell dysfunction in obesity can be reduced by calorie restriction (CR), however it is unclear whether this benefit requires a concomitant weight loss or is it simply related to the reduced calorie intake per se. In our study serum was drawn from 41 obese women who were undergoing an 8-week dietary intervention with 15 - 30% energy deficit, and from 48 age- and sex-matched controls of normal weight. Serum was analysed for biomarkers of endothelial cell function, oxidative stress and inflammation...
August 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115620/effect-of-silencing-tem8-gene-on-proliferation-apoptosis-migration-and-invasion-of-xwlc%C3%A2-05-lung-cancer-cells
#18
Quan Gong, Chao Liu, Cunde Wang, Li Zhuang, Lijuan Zhang, Xicai Wang
Currently, the role of tumor endothelial marker 8 (TEM8) in the occurrence, development, invasion and metastasis of lung cancer and its mechanism are poorly understood. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of TEM8 on proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of XWLC‑05 lung cancer cells. The expression of TEM8 in human lung cancer and adjacent tissues was detected by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. An interference vector coding a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting TEM8 was designed and transfected into XWLC‑05 lung cancer cells...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110224/role-of-vegf-cd105-and-cd31-in-the-prognosis-of-colorectal-cancer-cases
#19
Salem Y Mohamed, Hanan Lotfy Mohammed, Hanaa M Ibrahim, Elshaimaa M Mohamed, Mona Salah
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence is increasing globally. It is ranked as the second most common cancer in women and the third most in men. Angiogenesis plays a significant role in the development and spread of colorectal cancer. Angiogenesis has been proposed as a prognostic marker in a variety of human neoplasms. In this regard, markers of angiogenic endothelial cells are emerging as targets for cancer therapy. AIM OF THE WORK: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic impact of tumor angiogenesis assessed by microvessel density (MVD) counting using CD31 and CD105 along with VEGF immunostaining in colorectal cancer patients...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063654/improvements-in-peripheral-vascular-function-with-vitamin-d-treatment-in-deficient-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
Livia Deda, Yonatan Yeshahayu, Shama Sud, Meaghan Cuerden, David Zi Cherney, Etienne B Sochett, Farid H Mahmud
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency is prevalent in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and is associated with diabetes-related vascular complications in adulthood. The objective of this clinical trial was to assess VitD treatment on endothelial function (EF) and markers of renal inflammation, in this patient group. METHODS: Adolescents with T1D with suboptimal levels of VitD (<37.5 nmol/L) were treated for 12 to 24 weeks with a VitD analog (VitD3 ) at doses of 1000 or 2000 IU daily...
October 23, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
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