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Abby R Rosenberg, Kira Bona, Tyler Ketterl, Claire M Wharton, Joanne Wolfe, K Scott Baker
PURPOSE: The prevalence of intimacy and substance use among adolescents and young adults during cancer therapy has not been well described. METHODS: The "Resilience in Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer" study was a prospective, multicenter, mixed-methods cohort study. English-speaking patients 14-25 years old with newly diagnosed cancer were invited to complete a comprehensive survey at the time of enrollment (T1) and 3-6 months later (T2). Intimate relationships and health behaviors were assessed with questions adapted from the Guidelines for Adolescent Preventative Services assessment...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Zhenqiu Liu, Qiwen Fang, Jialu Zuo, Jun Wang, Yue Chen, Veenu Minhas, Charles Wood, Na He, Tiejun Zhang
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are an important risk group for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and at high risk of herpesvirus infection. However, limited information on epidemiologic patterns of HHV8 and HSV2 among MSM is available in mainland China. A cross-sectional study of 486 participants was performed in Shanghai, China from January 2013-December 2014 to explore epidemiologic features of HHV8 and HSV2 among MSM. Serum samples were collected and tested for HHV8 by immunofluoresence assay and HSV2 antibodies by ELISA...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Xiangyan Ruan, Yamei Cui, Juan Du, Fengyu Jin, Alfred Otto Mueck
INTRODUCTION: The climacteric symptoms during peri- and postmenopause have not been extensively studied in China. To further understanding of the characteristics of Chinese women during their menopausal transition, the aim of the study was to compare the prevalence and severity of climacteric symptoms of peri- and postmenopausal Chinese women. METHODS: The retrospective descriptive study was carried out in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women from 20 provinces of China who visited Beijing Obstetrics & Gynecology hospital during 2008-2015...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ana Gabriela Travassos, Eveline Xavier Pereira de Souza, Eduardo Netto, Eda Vinhaes Dantas, Maiara Timbó, Isabella Nóbrega, Tatiana Haguihara, Júlia Maria de Oliveira Neumeyer, Nathalia Araújo Lisboa, Maria Angela Soidan, Fábio Ferreira, Carlos Brites
BACKGROUND: Infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infections throughout the world. These sexually transmitted infections are a growing problem in people living with HIV/AIDS. However, the presence of these agents in extra genital sites, remains poorly studied in our country. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae anal and genital infection in people living with HIV/AIDS followed in a reference center in Salvador, Brazil...
October 17, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Sohei Kuribayashi, Tetsuya Takao, Gaku Yamamichi, Masataka Kawamura, Kosuke Nakano, Nozomu Kishimoto, Go Tanigawa, Koichi Tsutahara, Seiji Yamaguchi
We report two cases of penile fracture. Case 1 was in a 22-year-old male. He heard a cracking sound during urination and experienced acute penile pain and detumescence. He was admitted to our hospital on that day. Case 2 was in a 52-year-old male. He heard a cracking sound during sexual intercourse and experienced detumescence. He was admitted to our hospital on the next day. In both cases, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed disruption of the tunica albuginea. We performed immediate surgical repair through localized incision...
September 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
Joshua D Billings, Dvora L Joseph Davey, Kelika A Konda, Claire C Bristow, Jeremy Chow, Jeffrey D Klausner, Carlos F Cáceres
The aim of the study was to identify factors associated with undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) and male-to-female transgender women in Lima, Peru.We analyzed characteristics of 378 MSM and transgender women recruited from 2 sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics in Lima, Peru. Descriptive analyses compared: (A) HIV-uninfected, (B) previously undiagnosed HIV-infected, and (C) previously diagnosed HIV-infected participants. Multivariable logistic regression models identified: (1) correlates of previously undiagnosed HIV-infection among participants thought to be HIV-uninfected (B vs A); and (2) correlates of previously undiagnosed HIV-infection among HIV-infected participants (B vs C)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Nicola Liberati
The aim of this paper is to analyse teledildonics from a phenomenological perspective in order to show the possible effects they will have on ourselves and on our society. The new way of using digital technologies is to merge digital activities with our everyday praxes, and there are already devices which enable subjects to be digitally connected in every moment of their lives. Even the most intimate ones are becoming mediated by devices such as teledildonics which digitally provide a tactual stimulation allowing users to have sexual intercourse through them...
October 18, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
Mussa N Sweya, Sia E Msuya, Michael J Mahande, Rachel Manongi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that knowledge of contraceptives, especially among the youth in universities, remains limited, and the rate of premarital sexual activity, unwanted pregnancies, and illegal abortions remains higher among university students. This study aimed to assess contraceptive knowledge, sexual behavior, and factors associated with contraceptive use among female undergraduate university students in Kilimanjaro region in Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from May to June 2015 among undergraduate female students in four universities in Kilimanjaro region...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Taerim Kim, Shin Ahn, Chang Hwan Sohn, Dong Woo Seo, Won Young Kim
OBJECTIVE: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is an underestimated cause of thunderclap headache that shares many characteristics with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This fact makes the two easily confused by emergency physicians. This study evaluated the clinical manifestations, radiological features, and outcomes of patients with RCVS. METHODS: The electronic medical records of 18 patients meeting the diagnostic criteria of RCVS at our emergency department between January 2013 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Diana W Williams, Greg Gibson
A potential application of microbial genetics in forensic science is detection of transfer of the pubic hair microbiome between individuals during sexual intercourse using high-throughput sequencing. In addition to the primary need to show whether the pubic hair microbiome is individualizing, one aspect that must be addressed before using the microbiome in criminal casework involves the impact of storage on the microbiome of samples recovered for forensic testing. To test the effects of short-term storage, pubic hair samples were collected from volunteers and stored at room temperature (∼20°C), refrigerated (4°C), and frozen (-20°C) for 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 6 weeks along with a baseline sample...
October 7, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
Houlin Tang, Zunyou Wu, Yurong Mao, Javier Cepeda, Jamie Morano
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) and condom use have been proven to reduce the risk of sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among HIV sero-different couples, but its full implementation remains a challenge. This study aims to assess HIV seroconversion rate of HIV-negative spouse and its associated risk factors among HIV sero-different couples in rural China. METHODS: An open cohort of HIV sero-different couples enrolled in 30 counties in China between October 1, 2010, and September 30, 2012, and followed-up to December 31, 2012, was constructed retrospectively...
2016: PloS One
Veronica Gomez-Lobo, Anne-Marie Amies Oelschlager
Disorders (differences) of sexual development encompass a variety of conditions with atypical development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomic sex. Three of the most common differences of sex development conditions include congenital adrenal hyperplasia, complete androgen insensitivity, and Turner syndrome. Obstetrician-gynecologists who care for affected individuals in their practice must be familiar with the genetic, endocrine, and anatomic considerations of the most common conditions to provide optimal care...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Josephine Adeolu, Eme Owoaje, Adesola Olumide
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents are exposed to a significant amount of sexual content in the media. This has far-reaching effects on their sexual practices as this exposure is occurring at a period when most adolescents are often not sure of the choices to make, and the choices they make during adolescence affect their health when they become adults. The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure of in-school adolescents to sexual content in the electronic media and their sexual intentions...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Matthew Lee, Theo Sandfort, Kate Collier, Tim Lane, Vasu Reddy
This paper explores condom use and lubrication practices among Black men who have sex with men in South African townships. Results are from 81 in-depth individual interviews conducted among a purposive sample from four townships surrounding Pretoria as part of a larger qualitative study. Awareness that condoms should be used to have safer anal sex was ubiquitous. Fewer men reported that lubricants should be used to facilitate anal intercourse. Partner pressure and partner distrust were the most common barriers cited for not using condoms and lubricants...
October 14, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
L Del Pup
OBJECTIVE: Vaginal atrophy is a chronic, progressive medical condition that affects fifty percent of postmenopausal women, causing symptoms like dyspareunia, vaginal dryness, and vaginal irritation. Until recently, the only prescription options were systemic and vaginal estrogen therapies that might be limited by concerns about long-term safety and breast cancer risk. The objective is to analyze the literature about ospemifene, a tissue-selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) recently approved for the treatment of vulvovaginal atrophy and dyspareunia and to compare its effects with those of the other SERMs to assess its safety...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Sarina Schrager
Infertility is common in the United States, with up to 15% of heterosexual couples experiencing difficulty in achieving conception. Family physicians often are the first physicians to evaluate couples attempting to conceive. Evaluation begins with assessment of ovulation, evaluation of anatomic abnormalities, and semen analysis. Many etiologies of anovulation can be managed by family physicians, and clinicians can offer counseling on timing of intercourse and assist patients with lifestyle changes to promote fertility...
October 2016: FP Essentials
Gajanan S Bhat, Anuradha Shastry
INTRODUCTION: Premature ejaculation is a common sexual disorder, which is usually underreported. Multiple treatment methodologies are in use due to the absence of an effective, universally acceptable treatment modality. The most common drug used is dapoxetine, which has adverse effects limiting its long-term use. Hence, we decided to evaluate the effectiveness of 'on demand' silidosin 4 mg in patients with premature ejaculation, who were dissatisfied with dapoxetine 30 mg. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 64 patients who reported premature ejaculation who were unhappy with the treatment with 'on demand' dapoxetine 30 mg, either due to its adverse effects or because of its overall inefficacy...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
Jung Kwon Kim, Min Chul Cho, Hwancheol Son, Ja Hyeon Ku, Seung-June Oh, Jae-Seung Paick
OBJECTIVES: To investigate patient perception of ejaculatory volume reduction after HoLEP. METHODS: A total of 192 patients were included in the analysis. All patients completed six self-developed, non-validated questionnaires. The questionnaires were composed of questions involving overall satisfaction, voiding symptom change, current experience of sexual intercourse, ejaculatory volume change, change of orgasmic intensity, and the patient's perception of postoperative ejaculatory volume reduction...
October 7, 2016: Urology
Yu Liu, Yuhua Ruan, Shiela M Strauss, Lu Yin, Hongjie Liu, K Rivet Amico, Chen Zhang, Yiming Shao, Han-Zhu Qian, Sten H Vermund
BACKGROUND: Few studies have employed standardized alcohol misuse measures to assess relationships with sexual risk and HIV/syphilis infections among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among MSM in Beijing during 2013-2014. An interviewer-administered survey was conducted to collect data on sociodemographics, high-risk behaviors, and alcohol use/misuse patterns (hazardous/binge drinking and risk of alcohol dependence) in the past 3 months using Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test-Consumption (AUDIT-C)...
September 30, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
C M R Ouédraogo, S Madzou, A Simporé, V Combaud, A Ouattara, F Millogo, A Ouédraogo, S Kiemtore, H Zamane, Y A Sawadogo, P Kaien, B Dramé, B Thieba, J Lankoandé, P Descamps
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this survey was to assess the results of a new clitoral transposition technique in the obstetrics and gynecology department of CHUYO. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cohort of 68 women victims of genital mutilation has received clitoral reconstruction by a new technique of transposition of the clitoris. They were operated and followed for 12 months in CHUYO gynecology ward in Ouagadougou. We evaluated the management of pain, anatomical aspect, functional and occurrence of complications...
October 5, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
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