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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352633/current-concerns-and-perspectives-on-zika-virus-co-infection-with-arboviruses-and-hiv
#1
REVIEW
Hussin A Rothan, Mehdi R M Bidokhti, Siddappa N Byrareddy
Dissemination of vector-borne viruses, such as Zika virus (ZIKV), in tropical and sub-tropical regions has a complicated impact on the immunopathogenesis of other endemic viruses such as dengue virus (DENV), chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The consequences of the possible co-infections with these viruses have specifically shown significant impact on the treatment and vaccination strategies. ZIKV is a mosquito-borne flavivirus from African and Asian lineages that causes neurological complications in infected humans...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351328/joint-modeling-of-correlated-binary-outcomes-the-case-of-contraceptive-use-and-hiv-knowledge-in-bangladesh
#2
Di Fang, Renyuan Sun, Jeffrey R Wilson
Recent advances in statistical methods enable the study of correlation among outcomes through joint modeling, thereby addressing spillover effects. By joint modeling, we refer to simultaneously analyzing two or more different response variables emanating from the same individual. Using the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, we jointly address spillover effects between contraceptive use (CUC) and knowledge of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Jointly modeling these two outcomes is appropriate because certain types of contraceptive use contribute to the prevention of HIV and STDs and the knowledge and awareness of HIV and STDs typically lead to protection during sexual intercourse...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349764/sexual-function-post-breast-cancer
#3
Lauren Streicher, James A Simon
The consequences of estrogen deprivation and therapeutic interventions such as radiation, chemotherapy and surgery have a significant negative impact on libido, sexual arousal, orgasmic function and the ability to have pleasurable intercourse. Evaluation and treatment of female sexual dysfunction is a significant unmet need in the breast cancer survivor in spite of the availability of safe and effective treatments.
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347825/increasing-condom-usage-for-african-american-and-hispanic-young-fathers-in-a-community-based-intervention
#4
Cristina Mogro-Wilson, Aubri Drake, Emil Coman, Toral Sanghavi, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates a community-based intervention for young fathers, FatherWorks, compared to care-as-usual, 24/7 Dads. We hypothesized that utilizing the FatherWorks intervention (a 15 session parenting intervention, 13 session employment class, paid internship, case management, and access to behavioral health services) will assist in readiness to use condoms and increase condom usage, which may differ by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Eligible males (n = 328) were enrolled into a Randomized Control Trial...
January 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346424/higher-sequence-diversity-in-the-vaginal-tract-than-in-blood-at-early-hiv-1-infection
#5
Katja Klein, Gabrielle Nickel, Immaculate Nankya, Fred Kyeyune, Korey Demers, Emmanuel Ndashimye, Cynthia Kwok, Pai-Lien Chen, Sandra Rwambuya, Art Poon, Marshall Munjoma, Tsungai Chipato, Josaphat Byamugisha, Peter Mugyenyi, Robert A Salata, Charles S Morrison, Eric J Arts
In the majority of cases, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is transmitted through sexual intercourse. A single founder virus in the blood of the newly infected donor emerges from a genetic bottleneck, while in rarer instances multiple viruses are responsible for systemic infection. We sought to characterize the sequence diversity at early infection, between two distinct anatomical sites; the female reproductive tract vs. systemic compartment. We recruited 72 women from Uganda and Zimbabwe within seven months of HIV-1 infection...
January 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344039/the-effect-of-auriculotherapy-on-the-stress-and-the-outcomes-of-assistant-reproductive-technologies-in-infertile-women
#6
Mozhgan Saffari, Zahra Khashavi, Mahboubeh Valiani
Background: Infertility means failure to achieve pregnancy after one year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertile women may experience severe stress and depression. Numerous studies have indicated that auriculotherapy could reduce stress. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the effect of auriculotherapy on the stress and the outcome assisted reproductive technology in infertile women. Materials and Methods: The present study was a clinical trial that was conducted on 56 infertile women aged 20-45, who were assigned into two groups of intervention and control, from November 2014 to November 2015...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340704/delayed-conception-in-women-with-low-urinary-iodine-concentrations-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#7
J L Mills, G M Buck Louis, K Kannan, J Weck, Y Wan, J Maisog, A Giannakou, Q Wu, R Sundaram
STUDY QUESTION: Is iodine deficiency associated with decreased fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: Moderate to severe iodine deficiency is associated with a 46% decrease in fecundability. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Iodine deficiency is common in women of childbearing age but its effect on fecundability has not been investigated. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The LIFE Study, a population-based prospective cohort study, enrolled 501 women who had discontinued contraception within 2 months to become pregnant between 2005 and 2009...
January 11, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329104/contraception-usage-among-young-adult-men-of-a-nigerian-university
#8
Kola Musliudin Owonikoko, Folasade Oyindamola Oyelade, Oluwaseyi Felix Oke, Adewale Samson Adeyemi
Background Family planning services recognize reproductive health as the joint responsibility of both men and women. Efforts need to be shifted to men's own sexual health in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for reduction of maternal mortality and HIV transmission. Aims To determine the methods of contraception used by young adult men and factors that influence their choice of contraceptive. Methodology A cross-sectional descriptive study was done using structured questionnaires to extract relevant information from consented young male adult between ages of 16 and 24 years of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso, Nigeria...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325832/the-pics-technique-a-novel-approach-for-residual-curvature-correction-during-penile-prosthesis-implantation-in-patients-with-severe-peyronie-s-disease-using-the-collagen-fleece-tachosil
#9
Georgios Hatzichristodoulou
BACKGROUND: Correction of residual curvature during inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) implantation in patients with Peyronie's disease (PD) by plaque incision and grafting is a common approach. AIM: To present a novel technique for residual curvature correction during IPP implantation using collagen fleece (TachoSil, Baxter Healthcare Corp, Deerfield, IL, USA). METHODS: After the IPP (Titan Touch, Coloplast, Minneapolis, MN, USA) is placed, the implant is inflated maximally...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322211/-within-ring-based-sacroiliac-rod-fixation-may-overcome-the-weakness-of-spinopelvic-fixation-for-unstable-pelvic-ring-injuries-technical-notes-and-clinical-outcomes
#10
Kentaro Futamura, Tomonori Baba, Atsuhiko Mogami, Akio Kanda, Osamu Obayashi, Hideaki Iwase, Kazuo Kaneko
PURPOSE: Spinopelvic fixation and triangular osteosynthesis give firm internal fixation for unstable pelvic ring injuries (UPRI), but with sacrifice of mobility of the lumbar spine. Here, we describe the procedure and outcomes of a new approach, which we refer to as "within ring"-based sacroiliac rod fixation (SIRF). METHODS: The patient was placed in a prone position and longitudinal skin incisions were made at the medial margins of the bilateral posterior superior iliac spines (PSIS)...
January 10, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319127/sexual-function-and-depressive-symptoms-in-young-men-with-hypothyroidism-receiving-levothyroxine-liothyronine-combination-therapy
#11
Robert Krysiak, Bogdan Marek, Bogusław Okopień
INTRODUCTION: Both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism are often accompanied by sexual dysfunction. Despite improving male sexual functioning, levothyroxine treatment does not always restore all its aspects. The aim of this study was to compare male sexual functioning and depressive symptoms between men with hypothyroidism receiving levothyroxine/liothyronine combination therapy and men receiving levothyroxine alone. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 21 young levothyroxine-treated men with clinical symptoms of hypothyroidism in whom serum thyrotropin and thyroid hormone levels were within the normal limits...
January 10, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318503/university-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-sources-of-information-about-zika-virus
#12
Ashley N Plaster, Julia E Painter, Dylan H Tjersland, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Colleges and universities are valuable partners for community health education outreach targeted to young adults. After the outbreak of Zika virus infection in the Americas was declared to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016, postsecondary institutions played an important role in educating at-risk communities about health promotion and disease prevention strategies. In April 2016, we recruited 613 undergraduate students from a large public university to complete a survey about their Zika-related knowledge, attitudes, and information seeking behaviors...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314426/the-role-of-the-dorsal-anterior-insula-in-sexual-risk-evidence-from-an-erotic-go-nogo-task-and-real-world-risk-taking
#13
Feng Xue, Vita Droutman, Emily E Barkley-Levenson, Benjamin J Smith, Gui Xue, Lynn C Miller, Antoine Bechara, Zhong-Lin Lu, Stephen J Read
The insula plays an important role in response inhibition. Most relevant here, it has been proposed that the dorsal anterior insular cortex (dAIC) plays a central role in a salience network that is responsible for switching between the default mode network and the executive control network. However, the insula's role in sexually motivated response inhibition has not yet been studied. In this study, eighty-five 18- to 30-year-old sexually active men who have sex with men (MSM) performed an erotic Go/NoGo task while in an MRI scanner...
January 3, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311552/poppers-use-and-sexual-partner-concurrency-increase-the-hiv-incidence-of-msm-a-24-month-prospective-cohort-survey-in-shenyang-china
#14
Zhen-Xing Chu, Jun-Jie Xu, Yong-Hui Zhang, Jing Zhang, Qing-Hai Hu, Ke Yun, Hong-Yi Wang, Yong-Jun Jiang, Wen-Qing Geng, Hong Shang
The use of poppers is highly prevalent in MSM, but little is known about the association between their use and HIV incidence in China. A prospective cohort study was conducted from 2011 to 2013 in MSM in Shenyang. 475(79.6%) of eligible HIV-negative MSM participated in this prospective survey and near one fourth MSM (23.4%) ever used poppers. About one-third of the participants had condomless anal intercourse, half had multiple sexual partners and 10.5% were syphilis positive. The HIV incidence densities were15...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306609/efficacy-and-safety-of-med2005-a-topical-glyceryl-trinitrate-formulation-in-the-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-a-randomized-crossover-study
#15
David J Ralph, Ian Eardley, Jorg Taubel, Paul Terrill, Tim Holland
BACKGROUND: Current treatments for erectile dysfunction (ED) have some limitations. AIM: This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of MED2005, a 0.2% glyceryl trinitrate topical gel, formulated into an enhanced absorption topical delivery system (DermaSys), administered on demand, in the treatment of ED. METHODS: This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, phase II crossover trial involved 232 men with ED (231 treated, 230 assessed for efficacy) and their partners...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304401/experiences-of-sexual-harassment-are-associated-with-the-sexual-behavior-of-14-to-18-year-old-adolescents
#16
Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Hanna Savioja, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen
Subjection to sexual harassment is associated with a number of negative outcomes, such as internalizing and externalizing symptoms and a disinclination to attend school. Among adolescents, sexual harassment may increase with both their emerging sexual desires and increased socializing in mixed-gender peer groups during early adolescence. We set out to study the possible associations between normative and risk-taking sexual behavior and subjection to sexual harassment among adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 years...
January 2, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302554/sexual-behavior-of-adolescent-students-in-chandigarh-and-their-perceptions-regarding-family-life-education
#17
Dinesh Kumar, Naveen Krishan Goel, Ravleen Kaur Bakshi, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Abhik K Ghosh
Background: With rapidly changing lifestyle and exposure to the Internet and mass media, lifestyle and sexual behavior of adolescent students are also changing rapidly. Objectives: To investigate the sexual behavior of adolescent students and to study misconceptions prevailing among them. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 1022 adolescent students aged 14-19 years as a part of an Indian Council of Medical Research sponsored survey. Sexual behavior explored by interview method...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300723/sexual-intercourse-among-high-school-students-29-states-and-united-states-overall-2005-2015
#18
Kathleen A Ethier, Laura Kann, Timothy McManus
Early initiation of sexual activity is associated with having more sexual partners, not using condoms, sexually transmitted infection (STI), and pregnancy during adolescence (1,2). The majority of adolescents initiate sexual activity during high school, and the proportion of high school students who have ever had sexual intercourse increases by grade; black students are more likely to have ever had sexual intercourse than are white students (3). The proportion of high school students overall who had ever had sexual intercourse did not change significantly during 1995-2005 (53...
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294999/when-a-wife-says-no-wife-sexual-refusal-as-a-factor-in-husband-wife-homicides-in-ghana
#19
Mensah Adinkrah
In Ghana, wife sexual refusal is a key factor in uxoricides or husband-to-wife murders. Despite this, there is a dearth of systematic research that examines sexual strife as a precipitant of domestic violence and spousal murder. The present article addresses the current lack of research by systematically examining 25 cases of homicides and attempted homicides where wives were lethally and nonlethally assaulted by their husbands following the former's refusal to engage in husband-initiated sexual intercourse...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294991/the-differential-influence-of-drinking-sensation-seeking-and-impulsivity-on-the-perpetration-of-unwanted-sexual-advances-and-sexual-coercion
#20
Emily R Wilhite, Kim Fromme
There are startling rates of sexual coercion across college campuses, underscoring the importance of identifying risk factors and intervening early to prevent perpetration of these unwanted sexual events. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of impulsivity, sensation seeking, and alcohol use on the odds of perpetrating unwanted sexual advances (i.e., forced fondling, kissing, or petting) and sexual coercion (i.e., sexual intercourse through arguments, pressure, or physical force) during the subsequent 6 years...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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