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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108929/jaboya-sex-for-fish-a-qualitative-analysis-of-contextual-risk-factors-for-extramarital-partnerships-in-the-fishing-communities-in-western-kenya
#1
Zachary A Kwena, Chris A Shisanya, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Janet M Turan, Shari L Dworkin, Grace A Rota, Isaac J Mwanzo
Extramarital partnerships exacerbate high HIV prevalence rates in many communities in sub-Saharan Africa. We explored contextual risk factors and suggested interventions to reduce extramarital partnerships among couples in the fishing communities on Lake Victoria, Kenya. We conducted 12 focus group discussions with 9-10 participants each (N = 118) and 16 in-depth interviews (N = 16) with fishermen and their spouses. Couples who participated were consented and separated for simultaneous gender-matched discussions/interviews...
January 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108701/willingness-to-use-and-have-sex-with-men-taking-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-results-of-online-surveys-of-australian-gay-and-bisexual-men-2011-2015
#2
Martin Holt, Toby Lea, Heather-Marie Schmidt, Johann Kolstee, Jeanne Ellard, Dean Murphy, Hong-Ha Truong, John de Wit
OBJECTIVE: Assess willingness to use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), support for others using it and willingness to have sex with partners using PrEP among Australian gay and bisexual men (GBM). METHODS: National, online cross-sectional surveys of Australian GBM were conducted in 2011, 2013 and 2015. Scales measuring support for and willingness to have sex with men using PrEP were developed in 2015 using factor analysis. Trends and associations with key measures were analysed using multivariate logistic regression...
January 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103891/a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-barriers-to-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-gogrial-west-south-sudan
#4
Lynn Lawry, Covadonga Canteli, Tahina Rabenzanahary, Wartini Pramana
BACKGROUND: Health conditions for mothers, newborns, and children in South Sudan are among the worst worldwide. South Sudan has the highest rate of maternal mortality in the world and despite alarming statistics, few women and children in South Sudan have access to needed healthcare, especially in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to understand the barriers to maternal, newborn and child health in Gogrial West, Warrap State, South Sudan, one of the most underdeveloped states...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100441/assessing-the-efficacy-of-an-app-based-method-of-family-planning-the-dot-study-protocol
#5
Rebecca G Simmons, Dominick C Shattuck, Victoria H Jennings
BACKGROUND: Some 222 million women worldwide have unmet needs for contraception; they want to avoid pregnancy, but are not using a contraceptive method, primarily because of concerns about side effects associated with most available methods. Expanding contraceptive options-particularly fertility awareness options that provide women with information about which days during their menstrual cycles they are likely to become pregnant if they have unprotected intercourse-has the potential to reduce unmet need...
January 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100187/prevalence-of-hiv-and-syphilis-co-infection-and-associated-factors-among-non-commercial-men-who-have-sex-with-men-attending-a-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinic-in-shenzhen-china
#6
Wenjie Dai, Zhenzhou Luo, Ruiwei Xu, Guanglu Zhao, Dan Tu, Lin Yang, Feng Wang, Yumao Cai, Lina Lan, Fuchang Hong, Tubao Yang, Tiejian Feng
BACKGROUND: Although HIV and syphilis co-infection has been frequently observed in men who have sex with men (MSM), only few studies have focused on it. Different subgroups of MSM might exhibit heterogeneous HIV and syphilis risk profiles, indicating that interventions for HIV and HIV-related co-infections may vary with different subgroups of MSM. However, no previous study has investigated HIV and syphilis co-infection among non-commercial MSM (ncMSM) attending a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic...
January 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095278/awareness-of-hiv-transmission-risks-and-determinants-of-sexual-behaviour-descriptive-and-multivariate-analyses-among-german-nursing-students
#7
Carolin Jacob, Katharina von Lindeman, Jörg Klewer, Joachim Kugler
AIM: Nursing students play a crucial role in sexual health education. Evidence suggests, however, that nursing students had several gaps in their knowledge of HIV transmission. This study investigates how nursing students in Germany assess the potential risks of spreading HIV in defined situations and which factors influence the self-expressed sexual behaviour patterns of these students. METHODS: A standardized anonymous questionnaire was administered to a sample (N=617) of nursing students in 2008 and 2013...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093890/long-term-follow-up-for-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-post-radical-prostatectomy-using-nerve-grafts-and-end-to-side-somatic-autonomic-neurorraphy-a-new-technique
#8
José Carlos Souza Trindade, Fausto Viterbo, André Petean Trindade, Wagner José Fávaro, José Carlos Souza Trindade Filho
: Radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer treatment, although effective, can lead to severe erectile dysfunction. This study describes a new technique, which aims to reestablish the nerve stimulus in penile erection by two sural nerve graft bridges bilaterally, using the end to side neurorraphy. The first bridge is between femoral nerve and dorsal nerve of penis and the second, is between the femoral nerve and the interior of the corpus cavernosum. In this neurorraphy the endings of the newly formed fibres, generated by the femoral nerve, release acetylcholine inside the cavernous bodies, beginning the erection mechanism...
January 17, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093731/sexual-activity-among-nigerian-women-following-successful-obstetric-fistula-repair
#9
Stephen A Anzaku, Sunday J Lengmang, Samaila Mikah, Steven N Shephard, Bassey E Edem
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate post-operative sexual activity among women who have undergone obstetric fistula repair. METHODS: The present descriptive cross-sectional study recruited married women who had undergone successful obstetric fistula repair who were attending reunion activities at Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria, between March 13 and March 15, 2014. Participants were interviewed regarding penetrative vaginal intercourse after surgery, and any changes in sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, sexual satisfaction, and the presence of coital pain compared with before they experienced obstetric fistula...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093460/a-double-edged-sword-does-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-contribute-to-syphilis-incidence-by-impairing-immunity-to-treponema-pallidum
#10
REVIEW
Michael L Rekart, Wilfred Ndifon, Robert C Brunham, Jonathan Dushoff, Sang Woo Park, Sanjana Rawat, Caroline E Cameron
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: Recently, the world has experienced a rapidly escalating outbreak of infectious syphilis primarily affecting men who have sex with men (MSM); many are taking highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for HIV-1 infection. The prevailing hypothesis is that HAART availability and effectiveness have led to the perception among both individuals who are HIV-1 infected and those who are uninfected that HIV-1 transmission has become much less likely, and the effects of HIV-1 infection less deadly...
January 16, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090170/gender-s-role-in-misperceptions-of-peers-sexual-motives
#11
Rose Wesche, Graciela Espinosa-Hernández, Eva S Lefkowitz
The sexual double standard influences men's and women's sexual attitudes and behavior, leading men and women to consider distinct sexual motives, or reasons whether or not to engage in sexual intercourse (Crawford & Popp 2003; Reiss 1964). The goal of the present paper was to document how the sexual double standard shapes perceptions of peers' sexual motives. We build on past research by using open-ended questions and measuring perceptions of both same-gender and other-gender peers. The sample included 154 heterosexual college students (50% female, 49% European American, 25% Latino American, 26% African American) recruited via probability sampling...
December 2016: Sexuality & Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077116/quality-of-life-and-functional-outcome-after-infravesical-desobstruction-and-hifu-treatment-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#12
G Hatiboglu, I V Popeneciu, M Deppert, J Nyarangi-Dix, B Hadaschik, M Hohenfellner, D Teber, S Pahernik
BACKGROUND: To evaluate quality of life, functional and oncological outcome after infravesical desobstruction and HIFU treatment for localized prostate cancer. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one patients, treated with TURP and HIFU in a single institution were followed up for oncological and functional outcome. Oncological outcome was quantified by biochemical recurrence free survival using the Stuttgart and Phoenix criteria. Quality of life was assessed by usage of standardized QLQ-C30 and QLQ-PR25 questionnaires...
January 11, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076584/impact-of-bullying-victimization-on-suicide-and-negative-health-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-latin-america
#13
Matthew L Romo, Elizabeth A Kelvin
Objective: To compare the prevalence of bullying victimization, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempts, and negative health behaviors (current tobacco use, recent heavy alcohol use, truancy, involvement in physical fighting, and unprotected sexual intercourse) in five different Latin American countries and determine the association of bullying victimization with these outcomes, exploring both bullying type and frequency. Methods: Study data were from Global School-based Student Health Surveys from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru, and Uruguay, which covered nationally representative samples of school-going adolescents...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075146/five-near-full-length-hepatitis-c-virus-sequences-were-isolated-from-hiv-coinfected-idus-of-china
#14
Fan Li, Yi Feng, Na Ni, Jing Hu, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Liying Ma
HIV and HCV share transmission routes including contaminated blood transfusion, sexual intercourse, and needle-sharing in injection drug users (IDUs). We obtained five near full-length genome sequences (NFLGs) of HCV isolated from five HIV-1 coinfected IDUs in Sichuan and Xinjiang province, China. By conducting reconstruction of neighbor-joining (NJ) phylogenetic tree, our results revealed that the five isolates are different genotypes (1b, 3a, 6a and 6n). The amino acid substitutions(170I) in XJN0021 related to resistant to protease inhibitors (Grazoprevir) were also identified...
January 11, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073964/single-dose-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-oral-tenofovir-and-emtricitabine-in-blood-saliva-and-rectal-tissue-a-sub-study-of-the-anrs-ipergay-trial
#15
Julien Fonsart, Sentob Saragosti, Milad Taouk, Gilles Peytavin, Lane Bushman, Isabelle Charreau, Allan Hance, Lauriane Goldwirt, Stéphane Morel, Fabrizio Mammano, Bénédicte Loze, Catherine Capitant, François Clavel, Nadia Mahjoub, Laurence Meyer, Peter L Anderson, Constance Delaugerre, Jean-Michel Molina
OBJECTIVES: In the ANRS IPERGAY pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) trial, a single dose of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine was taken orally 2-24 h before sexual intercourse. A sub-study was conducted to assess the pharmacokinetics of tenofovir and emtricitabine in blood, saliva and rectal tissue following this initial oral intake. METHODS: Plasma, PBMC, saliva and rectal tissue sampling was performed over 24 h in 12 seronegative men before enrolment in the ANRS IPERGAY trial, following a single dose of 600 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate/400 mg emtricitabine...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073727/psychosocial-vulnerability-and-hiv-aids-epidemiological-situation-among-people-with-hearing-disabilities-in-four-towns-in-cameroon
#16
C P Mboua, A Touko
The scientific literature about disabled people has stressed their high exposure to social exclusion and marginalization, linked to ways of thinking and representations about them. In the area of HIV/AIDS, this marginalization, which results in higher levels of self-stigmatization and especially in inequalities in prevention, continues to put disabled people at high risk of HIV infection. The current study, conducted with a socioepidemiological and behavioral approach, included 317 people with hearing disabilities, recruited through purposive sampling combined with a snowball approach...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065419/a-study-on-sexual-violence-inflicted-on-individuals-with-intellectual-developmental-disorder
#17
A N Vadysinghe, P B Dassanayaka, M Sivasubramanium, D P P Senasinghe, A N Samaranayake, W M M H P Wickramasinghe
BACKGROUND: Rates of violence and abuse perpetrated on people with intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) have been reported to be significantly higher than on individuals without disability. However, rates of sexual violence against people with IDD in some less industrialized countries, such as Sri Lanka, have not been previously reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe characteristics of victims and perpetrators as well as the types of abuse found during medicolegal examinations of patients with IDD...
December 21, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062423/prominent-metalware-from-pelvic-surgery-causing-dyspareunia
#18
Mithun Nambiar, Samuel Raymond Heaton, Andrew John Stevenson, Andrew Thomas Bucknill
We present a case of female dyspareunia secondary to metalware placement during extensive pelvic surgery following a motor vehicle accident. The patient initially had an uneventful recovery from her operations. However, she noticed pain with vaginal intercourse, due to a screw tip which was palpable on vaginal examination. X-ray imaging confirmed long screws in the medial part of an anterior column plate, which were impacting on the anterior vaginal wall. Subsequent percutaneous removal of two screws resulted in resolution of her symptoms of painful vaginal intercourse...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062314/sexually-acquired-zika-virus-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
José Moreira, Thiago M Peixoto, André Machado de Siqueira, Cristiane C Lamas
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is transmitted to humans primarily by Aedes mosquito bites. However, circumstantial evidence points to a sexual transmission route. OBJECTIVES: To assess the sexually-acquired ZIKV cases and to investigate the shedding of ZIKV in genital fluids. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Pro-MED-mail, and WHO ZIKV notification databases from inception to December 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Reports describing ZIKV acquisition through sex and studies reporting the detection or isolation of ZIKV in the genital fluids were included...
January 3, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061819/association-between-a-syndemic-of-psychosocial-problems-and-unprotected-anal-intercourse-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china
#20
Ying Wang, Zezhou Wang, Mengmeng Jia, Ajuan Liang, Dong Yuan, Zhe Sun, Feng Gan, Yichen Wang, Yong Cai, Zhiruo Zhang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have discussed the overlapping and reinforcing effects (defined as a syndemic) of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM). The present study aimed to apply the syndemic theory to verify the reinforcing effects of psychosocial problems on unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among MSM in Shanghai, and determine if other important psychosocial factors fit into the syndemic theory. METHODS: Data were collected from 547 MSM in Shanghai, China, through face-to-face interviews...
January 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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