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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216606/first-and-second-line-pharmacological-treatment-for-delirium-in-general-hospital-setting-retrospective-analysis
#1
Ken Wada, Yukitaka Morita, Takashi Iwamoto, Yoshihiro Mifune, Shinji Nojima
AIM: We examined the first- and second-line pharmacological treatment for delirium to determine which drugs were chosen, how and when second-line drugs were started, and the effectiveness and tolerability of those treatments. METHODS: A retrospective medical chart review was performed for delirium inpatients referred to the Department of Psychiatry, Hiroshima Citizens Hospital, from October 2011 to September 2012. Clinical diagnoses were based on ICD-10. We compared the baseline severity of delirium, duration needed for improvement, and rescue with antipsychotics between subjects given only first-line drugs and those switched to second-line drugs...
December 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214702/skin-injuries-and-joint-contractures-of-the-upper-extremities-in-rett-syndrome
#2
D Hirano, T Taniguchi
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and type of skin injuries and joint contractures of the upper extremities in individuals with Rett syndrome. METHODS: In 2016, a questionnaire regarding skin injuries and joint contractures was sent to 1016 directors of schools for special needs education and 204 directors of departments of rehabilitation [consisting of 130 facilities for persons with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID), 73 wards for patients with SMID, and the National Hospital Organisation and National Centre Hospital, National Centre of Neurology and Psychiatry] in Japan...
January 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204023/trend-of-neuropsychiatric-morbidity-in-sub-himalayan-region-an-audit-of-retrospective-data-mining
#3
Manoj Kumar Gandhi, Piyush Sharma, Mitasha Singh, Sunil Kumar Raina, Ranabir Pal
Background: There is a paradigm shift in health loss due to premature mortality and disability from neuropsychiatric disorders with major burden in low- and middle-income countries. Objective: To study the trend of admissions with neuropsychiatric and substance-use disorders in 3 years in psychiatry and medicine wards of tertiary care hospital in rural Himachal Pradesh. Methodology: A retrospective data mining was done from records of Inpatient wards of Dr...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203502/characteristics-of-nps-use-in-patients-admitted-to-acute-psychiatric-services-in-southeast-scotland-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis-following-public-health-interventions
#4
Kyle H Bennett, Helen M Hare, Robert M Waller, Helen L Alderson, Stephen Lawrie
OBJECTIVES: Assess the impact of selective prohibition and seizure of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) supply on NPS use prevalence within psychiatric admissions and evaluate demographic characteristics of current NPS users. DESIGN: A 6-month retrospective cross-sectional analysis of discharge letters between 1 October 2015 and 31 March 2016. SETTING: General psychiatry inpatients and intensive home treatment team (IHTT) community patients at a psychiatric hospital in a Scottish city...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202654/sensation-and-psychiatry-linking-age-related-hearing-loss-to-late-life-depression-and-cognitive-decline
#5
Bret R Rutherford, Katharine Brewster, Justin S Golub, Ana H Kim, Steven P Roose
Recent research has linked age-related hearing loss to impaired performance across cognitive domains and increased risk for dementia diagnosis. The data linking hearing impairment to incident late-life depression are more mixed but suggest that diminished hearing does increase risk for depression. Behavioral mechanisms may explain these associations, such as the withdrawal of older adults from situations in which they may have difficulty hearing and communicating, which may contribute to the development of social isolation, loneliness, and consequent cognitive decline and depression...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200555/erectile-dysfunction-an-underestimated-presentation-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Zeeshan Anwar, Vishal Sinha, Sayantanava Mitra, Ashwani Kumar Mishra, Mahboobul Hasan Ansari, Abhishek Bharti, Vipin Kumar, Ashwini Kumar Nigam
Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common complication of diabetes mellitus. ED, like other sexual disorders, is often under-reported and under-diagnosed, as talking about sex is considered a taboo in our society. Methodology: All the male patients with diabetes mellitus (with or without active complaints of ED) attending Medicine or Psychiatry OPD of the institute during the study period were enrolled in the study. They were investigated for their body-mass index (BMI), blood sugar and lipid profile; and were assessed on HAM-D, General Health Questionnaire-30, IIEF, sex myth checklist and QOL Instrument for Indian Diabetes Patients (QOLID)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199929/healing-a-sick-world-psychiatric-medicine-and-the-atomic-age
#7
Ran Zwigenberg
The onset of nuclear warfare in Hiroshima and Nagasaki had far-reaching implications for the world of medicine. The study of the A-bomb and its implications led to the launching of new fields and avenues of research, most notably in genetics and radiation studies. Far less understood and under-studied was the impact of nuclear research on psychiatric medicine. Psychological research, however, was a major focus of post-war military and civilian research into the bomb. This research and the perceived revolutionary impact of atomic energy and warfare on society, this paper argues, played an important role in the global development of post-war psychiatry...
January 2018: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199899/alcohol-and-drug-use-pain-and-psychiatric-symptoms-among-adults-seeking-outpatient-psychiatric-treatment-latent-class-patterns-and-relationship-to-health-status
#8
Danielle E Ramo, Amber L Bahorik, Kevin L Delucchi, Cynthia I Campbell, Derek D Satre
BACKGROUND: Substance use, psychiatric problems, and pain frequently co-occur, yet clinical profiles of treatment-seeking patients are poorly understood. To inform service and treatment planning, substance use and symptom patterns were examined in an outpatient psychiatry clinic, along with the relationship of these patterns to demographic characteristics and physical health. METHODS: Patients (N = 405; age M = 38; 69% White; 60% female) presenting for intake in a psychiatry outpatient clinic completed a computerized assessment of psychiatric problems, drinking, and drug use...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196392/t2-trainspotting-addiction-in-a-digital-age-psychiatry-in-the-movies
#9
Peter Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195805/-symptomatic-remission-and-its-relationship-to-social-functioning-in-tunisian-out-patients-with-schizophrenia
#10
I El Gharbi, M Chhoumi, A Mechri
INTRODUCTION: The concept of symptomatic and functional remission represents an important challenge in the care of the mentally ill, particularly in patients with schizophrenia. Operational criteria for symptomatic remission in schizophrenia have been proposed by Andreasen et al. (2005). Over the last decade, these criteria have been widely validated; however few studies have been conducted outside developed countries. Moreover, the association of symptomatic remission with functional outcome has not yet been established in developing countries including Tunisia, as there may be variability in the social and familial environment...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195595/factors-associated-with-victimization-in-dual-diagnosis-patients
#11
Marleen M de Waal, Carolien Christ, Jack J M Dekker, Martijn J Kikkert, Nick M Lommerse, Wim van den Brink, Anna E Goudriaan
BACKGROUND: Patients with a substance use disorder and co-occurring mental disorder are prone to victimization. There is a lack of research identifying variables related to violent and property victimization in this high risk group. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with violent and property victimization in male and female dual diagnosis patients in order to identify targets for prevention. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, victimization and demographic, clinical and psychological characteristics were assessed in 243 treatment-seeking patients with dual diagnosis...
January 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195105/lgi1-antibody-encephalitis-detailed-clinical-laboratory-and-radiological-description-of-13-cases-in-china
#12
Dahai Wang, Qinjian Hao, Lingshuang He, Lan He, Qiang Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: LGI1 antibody encephalitis is a synaptic autoimmune disorder that was first reported in 2010. To date, LGI1 antibody encephalitis is a widely-recognized disease in neurology and psychiatry. In order to aid clinical recognition of the condition, we analyze the clinical characteristics of 13 Chinese LGI1 antibody encephalitis patients. METHODS: We analyzed clinical features of patients admitted to the West China Hospital who had been diagnosed with LGI1 antibody encephalitis from 2015 to 2017...
November 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184969/out-of-pocket-health-expenditures-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-anxiety-schizophrenia-and-other-psychotic-disorders-findings-from-a-study-in-a-psychiatry-outpatient-clinic-in-turkey
#13
Duygu Islek, Bulent Kilic, Berna Binnur Akdede
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore the amount of OOP health expenditures and their determinants in patients with bipolar disorder, anxiety, schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders in a psychiatry outpatient clinic of Turkey. METHODS: The study group was 191 patients who attended to the Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic in June 2014. All patients were previously diagnosed with either 'bipolar disorder', 'anxiety disorder' or 'schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders'...
November 28, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182063/mediating-assertive-care-and-paternalism-in-old-age-psychiatry-an-interview-with-gary-cheung
#14
Andrew Amos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182062/shared-decision-making-in-psychiatry-of-old-age
#15
Gary Cheung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180672/the-thalamic-reticular-nucleus-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-role-of-parvalbumin-expressing-neuron-networks-and-oxidative-stress
#16
P Steullet, J-H Cabungcal, S A Bukhari, M I Ardelt, H Pantazopoulos, F Hamati, T E Salt, M Cuenod, Kim Q Do, S Berretta
Growing evidence points to a disruption of cortico-thalamo-cortical circuits in schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD). Clues for a specific involvement of the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) come from its unique neuronal characteristics and neural connectivity, allowing it to shape the thalamo-cortical information flow. A direct involvement of the TRN in SZ and BD has not been tested thus far. We used a combination of human postmortem and rodent studies to test the hypothesis that neurons expressing parvalbumin (PV neurons), a main TRN neuronal population, and associated Wisteria floribunda agglutinin-labeled perineuronal nets (WFA/PNNs) are altered in SZ and BD, and that these changes may occur early in the course of the disease as a consequence of oxidative stress...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179627/delirium-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-in-the-geriatric-population
#17
Pinar Tosun Tasar, Sevnaz Sahın, Nur Ozge Akcam, Cıgdem Dınckal, Merve Gulsah Ulusoy, Ozan Fatih Sarıkaya, Soner Duman, Fehmi Akcıcek, Aysin Noyan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of delirium and its association with mortality rates in elderly inpatients. METHODS: The medical records of 1435 patients over 65 years old who were treated at a regional university hospital and were referred to the university's Consultation and Liaison Psychiatry Clinic for psychological evaluation were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with and without a diagnosis of delirium were compared. The National Survival Database was used to determine mortality rates...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171317/basal-blood-dhea-s-cortisol-levels-predicts-emdr-treatment-response-in-adolescents-with-ptsd
#18
Mirac Baris Usta, Yusuf Yasin Gumus, Gokce Nur Say, Abdullah Bozkurt, Berkan Şahin, Koray Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: In literature, recent evidence has shown that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis can be dysregulated in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and HPA axis hormones may predict the psychotherapy treatment response in patients with PTSD. In this study, it was aimed to investigate changing cortisol and DHEA-S levels post-eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy and the relationship between treatment response and basal cortisol, and DHEA-S levels before treatment...
November 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162353/-emergency-child-psychiatry-response-following-the-14-july-2016-terrorist-attack-in-nice-france
#19
F Askenazy, L Chauvelin, M Gindt, S Thümmler
The attack on 14 July 2016 in Nice on the Promenade des Anglais caused major trauma for individuals directly or indirectly impacted by the horror of the terrorist attack, mainly families and children. It was the first time in France that a pediatric population aged from several months to 18 years was impacted by an event of such magnitude. The literature underlines the importance of taking into account, over the longer term, the side effects of such a psychotrauma in the pediatric population, especially in children under 6 years of age...
November 18, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158585/child-abuse-associates-with-an-imbalance-of-oligodendrocyte-lineage-cells-in-ventromedial-prefrontal-white-matter
#20
A Tanti, J J Kim, M Wakid, M-A Davoli, G Turecki, N Mechawar
Child abuse (CA) is a major risk factor for depression, and strongly associates with suicidal behavior during adulthood. Neuroimaging studies have reported widespread changes in white matter integrity and brain connectivity in subjects with a history of CA. Although such observations could reflect changes in myelin and oligodendrocyte function, their cellular underpinnings have never been addressed. Using postmortem brain samples from depressed suicides with or without history of CA and matched controls (18 per group), we aimed to characterize the effects of CA on oligodendrocyte-lineage (OL) cells in the ventromedial prefrontal white matter...
November 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
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