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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641914/interactive-home-telehealth-and-burns-a-pilot-study
#1
Sean Hickey, Jason Gomez, Benjamin Meller, Jeffery C Schneider, Meredith Cheney, Shamim Nejad, John Schulz, Jeremy Goverman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review our experience incorporating Interactive Home Telehealth (IHT) visits into follow-up burn care. METHODS: A retrospective review of all burn patients participating in IHT encounters over the course of 15 months was performed. Connections were established through secure video conferencing and call-routing software. Patients connected with a personal computer or tablet and providers connected with a desktop computer with a high-definition web camera...
June 19, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639724/longitudinal-changes-in-global-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-the-very-old-findings-from-the-newcastle-85-study
#2
Blossom C M Stephan, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Antoneta Granic, Joanna Collerton, Karen Davies, Brian K Saxby, Keith A Wesnes, Thomas B L Kirkwood, Carol Jagger
OBJECTIVE: Ageing is associated with changes in cognition in some, but not all domains. In young-old adults, defined as persons aged 65-84 years, baseline cognitive function has been shown to impact on cognitive trajectories. Whether similar patterns occur in the very-old, defined as persons aged 85 years and over, is not known. METHODS: Longitudinal changes (5 years' follow-up) in global and domain specific cognitive function including memory, attention and speed were investigated in participants from the Newcastle 85+ Study (n = 845)...
June 22, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639209/substance-use-and-misuse-among-children-and-youth-with-mental-illness-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#3
V Herz, N Franzin, J Huemer, D Mairhofer, J Philipp, K Skala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine prevalence, patterns and predictors of substance use among a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Participants included 25 minors aged 12-17 years admitted to an Austrian department of child and adolescent psychiatry. Lifetime use, initiation, frequency and quantity of substance use, sociodemographic, family and school-related data were collected by self-report measures. Substance use disorders were detected using CAGE (a screening instrument for problem drinking) and FTND (Fagerström Test For Nicotine Dependence)...
June 21, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636576/vitamin-d-levels-and-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-in-major-depression
#4
Merve Şahin Can, Hayriye Baykan, Özgür Baykan, Nevin Erensoy, Tunay Karlıdere
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate vitamin D levels and rs2228570 (FokI) polymorphism of vitamin D in patients with established diagnosis of major depressive disorder in order to investigate the impact of vitamin D levels and genetic polymorphisms on etiology and/or severity of the disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients who were diagnosed with major depressive disorder in Hospital of Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, and 89 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, education level and BMI...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631372/patient-and-provider-characteristics-related-with-prescribing-of-adhd-medication-nationwide-health-insurance-claims-database-study-in-korea
#5
Inmyung Song, Mo Se Lee, Eui-Kyung Lee, Ju-Young Shin
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between prescribing of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication and the patient's age, gender, and type of medical institution in Asia region. INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the prevalence and factors of diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of ADHD in the pediatric population. METHODS: Using the Korea Health Insurance database, study participants were identified as pediatric patients (≤17 years) with at least 1 diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10, F90) from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011...
June 20, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630456/rare-disruptive-variants-in-the-disc1-interactome-and-regulome-association-with-cognitive-ability-and-schizophrenia
#6
S Teng, P A Thomson, S McCarthy, M Kramer, S Muller, J Lihm, S Morris, D C Soares, W Hennah, S Harris, L M Camargo, V Malkov, A M McIntosh, J K Millar, D H Blackwood, K L Evans, I J Deary, D J Porteous, W R McCombie
Schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BD) and recurrent major depressive disorder (rMDD) are common psychiatric illnesses. All have been associated with lower cognitive ability, and show evidence of genetic overlap and substantial evidence of pleiotropy with cognitive function and neuroticism. Disrupted in schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) protein directly interacts with a large set of proteins (DISC1 Interactome) that are involved in brain development and signaling. Modulation of DISC1 expression alters the expression of a circumscribed set of genes (DISC1 Regulome) that are also implicated in brain biology and disorder...
June 20, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629301/discrepancies-identified-through-a-telephone-based-student-led-initiative-for-medication-reconciliation-in-ambulatory-psychiatry
#7
Marie E Albano, Jolene R Bostwick, Kristen M Ward, Thomas Fluent, Hae Mi Choe
PURPOSE: To identify the number of medication discrepancies following establishment of a telephone-based, introductory pharmacy practice experience student-driven, medication reconciliation service for new patients in an ambulatory psychiatry clinic. Secondarily, to identify factors impacting medication discrepancies to better target medication profiles to reconcile and to evaluate whether the implementation of a call schedule effected clinic no-show rates. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of a telephone-based medication reconciliation service from June 2014 to January 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#8
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615765/adverse-drug-reaction-monitoring-in-a-tertiary-care-psychiatry-setting-a-comparative-study-between-inpatients-and-outpatients
#9
Tejaswi Gummadi, Virupaksha Shanmugam Harave, Lakshmi Narayan Aiyar, Saraswathy Ganesan RajaLekshmi, Radhika Kunnavil
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic medications are the mainstay of treatment in psychiatric disorders and are associated with ADRs which affect the compliance and treatment course. Previous studies have looked at the frequency, profile of ADRs and their management aspects. However, the systematic comparison between IP and OP was lacking even though there is a prescription pattern difference. Hence this study was aimed to compare the proportion, pattern, severity and resolution of ADRs once detected...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613366/-transitional-psychiatry-in-the-netherlands-experiences-and-views-of-mental-health-professionals
#10
S E Gerritsen, G C Dieleman, M A C Beltman, A A M Tangenbergh, A Maras, T A M J van Amelsvoort, A L van Staa
Psychopathology manifests itself primarily in late adolescence and continues into adulthood. Continuity of care is essential during this phase of life. The current care service distinguishes between child/adolescent (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS). The separation of services can interfere with the continuity of care.<br/> AIM: To map professionals' experiences of and views on the transition and associated problems that young people can experience as they are transferred from CAMHS to AMHS...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606027/factors-affecting-improvement-of-children-and-adolescents-who-were-treated-in-the-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-inpatient-unit
#11
Burcu Serim Demirgoren, Aylin Ozbek, Ozlem Gencer
Objective This study aimed to assess the correlates and predictors of improvement in general functioning of children and adolescents who are treated in the child and adolescent psychiatry (CAMHS) inpatient unit. Methods Hospital records of 308 children and adolescents who were treated for at least 1 month in the CAMHS inpatient unit from 2005-2016 were included. Associations with individual, familial, and clinical variables and the difference in Children's Global Assessment Scale (ΔCGAS) scores at admission and discharge were evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600906/giuseppe-sergi-the-portrait-of-a-positivist-scientist
#12
Giovanni Cerro
Giuseppe Sergi (1841-1936) was one of the most important anthropologists and psychologists of the age of positivism and this article focuses on three domains of his scientific research: degeneration, eugenics and race. His concept of degeneration is defined as the development of special forms of human adaptation to the environment. This issue is closely related to his theory of the "stratification of character", which had a profound impact on Italian psychiatry and criminal anthropology in the late nineteenth century...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599949/quetiapine-extended-release-versus-aripiprazole-in-children-and-adolescents-with-first-episode-psychosis-the-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-tolerability-and-efficacy-of-antipsychotics-tea-trial
#13
Anne Katrine Pagsberg, Pia Jeppesen, Dea Gowers Klauber, Karsten Gjessing Jensen, Ditte Rudå, Marie Stentebjerg-Olesen, Peter Jantzen, Simone Rasmussen, Eva Ann-Sofie Saldeen, Maj-Britt Glenn Lauritsen, Niels Bilenberg, Anne Dorte Stenstrøm, Louise Nyvang, Sarah Madsen, Thomas M Werge, Theis Lange, Christian Gluud, Maria Skoog, Per Winkel, Jens Richardt M Jepsen, Birgitte Fagerlund, Christoph U Correll, Anders Fink-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Head-to-head trials to guide antipsychotic treatment choices for paediatric psychosis are urgently needed because extrapolations from adult studies might not be implementable. In this superiority trial with two-sided significance testing, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of quetiapine-extended release (quetiapine-ER) versus aripiprazole in children and adolescents with first-episode psychosis, to determine whether differences between the two treatments were sufficient to guide clinicians in their choice of one drug over the other...
June 6, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590766/examining-burnout-depression-and-self-compassion-in-veterans-affairs-mental-health-staff
#14
David M Atkinson, John L Rodman, Paul D Thuras, Paulo R Shiroma, Kelvin O Lim
OBJECTIVES: Burnout, a state of emotional exhaustion associated with negative personal and occupational outcomes, is prevalent among healthcare providers. A better understanding of the psychological factors that may be associated with resilience to burnout is essential to develop effective interventions. Self-compassion, which includes kindness toward oneself, recognition of suffering as part of shared human experience, mindfulness, and nonjudgment toward inadequacies and failures, may be one such factor...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589496/screening-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-geriatric-psychiatry
#15
S M J Heijnen-Kohl, R M Kok, R M H J Wilting, G Rossi, S P J van Alphen
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are difficult to detect in old age. This study examined if ASD symptoms in older adults (age > 60) can be detected with the Dutch informant personality questionnaire, (Hetero-Anamnestische Persoonlijkheidsvragenlijst, HAP) in a mental health setting. Patients with ASD (N = 40) were compared to patients with a different psychiatric diagnosis (N = 43; personality disorders excluded). The ASD group had significant higher scores on the scales 'Socially avoidant behavior', 'Rigid behavior' and 'Unpredictable and impulsive behavior'...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585587/depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-elective-and-emergency-surgery-cross-sectional-study-from-allama-iqbal-memorial-teaching-hospital-sialkot
#16
Ansar Latif, Rana Mozammil Shamsher Khan, Kalsoom Nawaz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of depression and anxiety in post-operative patients undergoing elective and emergency surgery. METHODS: The cross-sectional analytical study was conducted at the Department of Surgery and Department of Psychiatry of the Allama Iqbal Memorial Teaching Hospital, Sialkot, Pakistan, from September 2013 to April 2016, and comprised patients due for elective or emergency surgery. Patients admitted to the surgical wards, including general surgical, neurosurgical, urological and orthopaedic wards, undergoing major surgical procedures were enrolled...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584651/an-analysis-of-whether-a-working-age-ward-based-liaison-psychiatry-service-requires-the-input-of-a-liaison-psychiatrist
#17
Elspeth A Guthrie, Aaron T McMeekin, Sylvia Khan, Sally Makin, Ben Shaw, Damien Longson
Aims and method This article presents a 12-month case series to determine the fraction of ward referrals of adults of working age who needed a liaison psychiatrist in a busy tertiary referral teaching hospital. Results The service received 344 referrals resulting in 1259 face-to-face contacts. Depression accounted for the most face-to-face contacts. We deemed the involvement of a liaison psychiatrist necessary in 241 (70.1%) referrals, with medication management as the most common reason. Clinical implications A substantial amount of liaison ward work involves the treatment and management of severe and complex mental health problems...
June 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581533/gastrointestinal-complications-and-refeeding-guidelines-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
REVIEW
Żaneta Malczyk, Joanna Małgorzata Oświęcimska
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is the third most common disorder, after obesity and asthma, in the population of adolescents between 13-18 years of age. Food intake reduction is associated with whole body dysfunction, affecting its physical, psychological and social spheres. As a result of starvation, dysfunction develops in virtually all systems and organs. However, most frequently patients with AN complain of digestive symptoms, such as a feeling of fullness after meals, pain in the upper abdomen, dysphagia, nausea, bloating and constipation...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578923/acoustic-startle-response-and-its-modulation-in-schizophrenia-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-asian-subjects
#19
REVIEW
Hidetoshi Takahashi, Yoko Kamio
The acoustic startle response (ASR) and its modulation, including prepulse inhibition (PPI), are considered to be promising neurophysiological indices for translational research in psychiatry. Impairment of the PPI has been reported in several psychiatric disorders, but particularly in schizophrenia, where PPI is considered to be a candidate endophenotype of the disorder. Although the profiles of the ASR differ between races, recent studies of single ethnicity samples in Asia were in accord with a number of studies from Western countries, in reporting that patients with schizophrenia exhibit impaired PPI...
June 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567593/the-social-aptitudes-scale-looking-at-both-ends-of-the-social-functioning-dimension
#20
Luiza Kvitko Axelrud, Diogo Araújo DeSousa, Gisele Gus Manfro, Pedro Mario Pan, Ana Cláudia Knackfuss, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Giovanni Abrahão Salum
PURPOSE: Dimensional approaches are likely to advance understanding of human behaviors and emotions. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether instruments in psychiatry capture variability at the full spectrum of these dimensions. We aimed to investigate this issue for two scales assessing distinct aspects of social functioning: the Social Aptitudes Scale (SAS), a "bidirectional" scale constructed to investigate both "ends" of social functioning; and the social Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL-social), a "unidirectional" scale constructed to assess social problems...
May 31, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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