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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444712/the-urinary-microbiome-and-its-contribution-to-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-ici-rs-2015
#1
REVIEW
Marcus J Drake, Nicola Morris, Apostolos Apostolidis, Mohammad S Rahnama'i, Julian R Marchesi
AIMS: The microbiome is the term used for the symbiotic microbial colonisation of healthy organs. Studies have found bacterial identifiers within voided urine which is apparently sterile on conventional laboratory culture, and accordingly there may be health and disease implications. METHODS: The International Consultation on Incontinence Research Society (ICI-RS) established a literature review and expert consensus discussion focussed on the increasing awareness of the urinary microbiome, and potential research priorities...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442185/modified-frailty-index-is-an-effective-risk-assessment-tool-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#2
Robert P Runner, Jaime L Bellamy, CatPhuong Cathy L Vu, Greg A Erens, Mara L Schenker, George N Guild
BACKGROUND: "Frailty" is a marker of physiological decline of multiple organ systems, and the frailty index identifies patients who are more susceptible to postoperative complications. The purpose of this study is to validate the modified frailty index (MFI) as a predictor of postoperative complications, reoperations, and readmissions in patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2005 to 2014 was queried by the Current Procedural Terminology code for primary TKA (27447)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439103/brain-age-predicts-mortality
#3
J H Cole, S J Ritchie, M E Bastin, M C Valdés Hernández, S Muñoz Maniega, N Royle, J Corley, A Pattie, S E Harris, Q Zhang, N R Wray, P Redmond, R E Marioni, J M Starr, S R Cox, J M Wardlaw, D J Sharp, I J Deary
Age-associated disease and disability are placing a growing burden on society. However, ageing does not affect people uniformly. Hence, markers of the underlying biological ageing process are needed to help identify people at increased risk of age-associated physical and cognitive impairments and ultimately, death. Here, we present such a biomarker, 'brain-predicted age', derived using structural neuroimaging. Brain-predicted age was calculated using machine-learning analysis, trained on neuroimaging data from a large healthy reference sample (N=2001), then tested in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (N=669), to determine relationships with age-associated functional measures and mortality...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438918/does-the-impact-of-biodiversity-differ-between-emerging-and-endemic-pathogens-the-need-to-separate-the-concepts-of-hazard-and-risk
#4
REVIEW
Parviez R Hosseini, James N Mills, Anne-Hélène Prieur-Richard, Vanessa O Ezenwa, Xavier Bailly, Annapaola Rizzoli, Gerardo Suzán, Marion Vittecoq, Gabriel E García-Peña, Peter Daszak, Jean-François Guégan, Benjamin Roche
Biodiversity is of critical value to human societies, but recent evidence that biodiversity may mitigate infectious-disease risk has sparked controversy among researchers. The majority of work on this topic has focused on direct assessments of the relationship between biodiversity and endemic-pathogen prevalence, without disentangling intervening mechanisms; thus study outcomes often differ, fuelling more debate. Here, we suggest two critical changes to the approach researchers take to understanding relationships between infectious disease, both endemic and emerging, and biodiversity that may help clarify sources of controversy...
June 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437346/correlations-between-sagittal-spinal-balance-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#5
Hong Seok Lee, Jung Sub Lee, Jong Ki Shin, Tae Sik Goh
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To identify relationships between spinopelvic parameters and health-related quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Little data are available on relationships between sagittal spinopelvic parameters and health-related quality of life in RA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study and control groups comprised 120 RA patients and 60 controls. All subjects underwent anteroposterior and lateral radiography of the whole spine, including hip joints, and all completed clinical questionnaires...
May 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433991/the-effect-of-traumatic-experiences-and-psychiatric-symptoms-on-the-life-satisfaction-of-north-korean-refugees
#6
Yeonsun Choi, Sun Young Lim, Jin Yong Jun, So Hee Lee, So Young Yoo, Soohyun Kim, Ah Reum Gwak, Ji-Chul Kim, Yu Jin Lee, Seog Ju Kim
BACKGROUND: Successful adaptation of refugees to a new society can be hindered by traumatic experiences and psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to examine the relationship between trauma, psychiatric symptoms and life satisfaction of North Korean refugees resettled in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 211 North Korean refugees living in South Korea completed a series of questionnaires on the history of their previous traumatic experiences, life satisfaction in South Korea, depression, anxiety, somatization and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
April 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431549/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-abdominal-but-not-general-obesity-among-iranian-children
#7
Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lacking for the Middle East. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and general or abdominal obesity in Iranian children in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric data including height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained nutritionists...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429207/organizational-and-welfare-mode-of-breast-centers-network-a-survey-of-sicilian-radiologists
#8
Maria Adele Marino, Orazio Pennisi, Annalisa Donia, Carmelo Sofia, Claudio Guerra, Carmelo Privitera, Placido Romeo
The European Society of Breast Cancer Specialists has created quality indicators for breast units to establish the minimum standards of care for patients. In Italy, each region differs, indeed, in terms of health care and services warranted to patients suffering from breast cancer. Since Sicilian Regional Administration today is still disregarding implementation of the provisions contained in the proposal of the Ministry of Health entitled "Guidelines on Organizational and Health Care Methods of Breast Centers Network" in November 2015 the Sicilian Regional Group of the Italian Society of Radiology (SIRM) decided to carry out a survey to see the position of the Sicilian Healthcare System and define the gap to bridge over...
April 20, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424854/the-effectiveness-of-narrative-enhancement-and-cognitive-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-self-stigma-intervention
#9
Lars Hansson, Annika Lexén, Joacim Holmén
PURPOSE: Stigma has been proposed to be one of the most serious obstacles to successful treatment, rehabilitation and inclusion in society of people with severe mental illness. An aspect of stigma which has been increasingly discussed is self-stigma, which refers to the internalization of negative stereotypes among people with severe mental illness. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of a group-based anti self-stigma intervention, narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy (NECT) as an add-on to treatment as usual, with regard to changes in self-stigma, self-esteem, and subjective quality of life...
April 19, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#10
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423135/childhood-cancer-and-environmental-integrity-a-commentary-and-a-proposal
#11
Carlo Modonesi, Enrico Oddone, Celestino Panizza, Gemma Gatta
Improvements in the health standards of developed and developing societies depend primarily on the relationships between economy and environment. Recent long-term changes in the chemical composition of man-made environments may be linked to changes in the biology of human beings. Here we argue that children are at the greatest risk of being affected by the dangerous effects of these changes, with particular reference to cancer. The concept of cancer risk must be extended to new contexts. Considering the increasing rates of chemical pollution and its spreading in the environment, we illustrate a proposal aiming to protect the human health, in an intra- and intergenerational perspective...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421855/midterm-outcomes-after-infrapopliteal-interventions-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-based-on-the-tasc-ii-classification-of-below-the-knee-arteries
#12
Gagan D Singh, Ellen K Brinza, Justin Hildebrand, Stephen W Waldo, T Raymond Foley, John R Laird, Ehrin J Armstrong
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship between the new TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC II) infrapopliteal classification and limb outcomes among patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was performed on 166 consecutive CLI patients (mean age 71 years; 113 men) undergoing endovascular treatment of 244 infrapopliteal lesions from 2006 to 2013. Patient, procedural, angiographic, and limb outcomes were compared for the new TASC A/B vs C/D classification for infrapopliteal lesions...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421518/empirical-research-on-coordination-evaluation-and-sustainable-development-mechanism-of-regional-logistics-and-new-type-urbanization-a-panel-data-analysis-from-2000-to-2015-for-liaoning-province-in-china
#13
Qiang Sun
As the largest developing country in the world, China has witnessed fast-paced urbanization over the past three decades with rapid economic growth. In fact, urbanization has been not only shown to promote economic growth and improve the livelihood of people but also can increase demands of regional logistics. Therefore, a better understanding of the relationship between urbanization and regional logistics is important for China's future sustainable development. The development of urban residential area and heterogeneous, modern society as well regional logistics are running two abreast...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421057/gut-microbiota-modulation-and-its-relationship-with-obesity-using-prebiotic-fibers-and-probiotics-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Dinesh K Dahiya, Renuka, Monica Puniya, Umesh K Shandilya, Tejpal Dhewa, Nikhil Kumar, Sanjeev Kumar, Anil K Puniya, Pratyoosh Shukla
In the present world scenario, obesity has almost attained the level of a pandemic and is progressing at a rapid rate. This disease is the mother of all other metabolic disorders, which apart from placing an added financial burden on the concerned patient also has a negative impact on his/her well-being and health in the society. Among the various plausible factors for the development of obesity, the role of gut microbiota is very crucial. In general, the gut of an individual is inhabited by trillions of microbes that play a significant role in host energy homeostasis by their symbiotic interactions...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421014/group-rumination-social-interactions-around-music-in-people-with-depression
#15
Sandra Garrido, Tuomas Eerola, Katrina McFerran
One of the most important roles that music serves in human society is the promotion of social relationships and group cohesion. In general, emotional experiences tend to be amplified in group settings through processes of social feedback. However, previous research has established that listening to sad music can intensify negative emotions in people with tendencies to rumination and depression. This study therefore investigated the phenomenon of ruminating with music, and the question of whether listening to sad music in group settings provides social benefits for emotionally vulnerable listeners, or whether it further exaggerates depressive tendencies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419785/internal-noise-estimates-correlate-with-autistic-traits
#16
Greta Vilidaite, Miaomiao Yu, Daniel H Baker
Previous neuroimaging research has reported increased internal (neural) noise in sensory systems of autistic individuals. However, it is unclear if this difference has behavioural or perceptual consequences, as previous attempts at measuring internal noise in ASD psychophysically have been indirect. Here, we use a "gold standard" psychophysical double-pass paradigm to investigate the relationship between internal noise and autistic traits in the neurotypical population (n = 43). We measured internal noise in three tasks (contrast perception, facial expression intensity perception, and number summation) to estimate a global internal noise factor using principal components analysis...
April 17, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419414/association-between-aggressive-care-and-bereaved-families-evaluation-of-end-of-life-care-for-veterans-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-who-died-in-veterans-affairs-facilities
#17
Mary Ersek, Susan C Miller, Todd H Wagner, Joshua M Thorpe, Dawn Smith, Cari R Levy, Risha Gidwani, Katherine Faricy-Anderson, Karl A Lorenz, Bruce Kinosian, Vincent Mor
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, little is known regarding the relationship between patients' and families' satisfaction with aggressive end-of-life care. Herein, the authors examined the associations between episodes of aggressive care (ie, chemotherapy, mechanical ventilation, acute hospitalizations, and intensive care unit admissions) within the last 30 days of life and families' evaluations of end-of-life care among patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: A total of 847 patients with NSCLC (34% of whom were aged <65 years) who died in a nursing home or intensive care, acute care, or hospice/palliative care (HPC) unit at 1 of 128 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers between 2010 and 2012 were examined...
April 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417586/icu-mortality-is-increased-with-high-admission-serum-osmolarity-in-all-patients-other-than-those-admitted-with-pulmonary-diseases-and-hypoxia
#18
Shailesh Bihari, Shivesh Prakash, Sandra L Peake, Michael Bailey, David Pilcher, Andrew Bersten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: High serum osmolarity has been shown to be lung protective. There is lack of clinical studies evaluating the impact on outcomes such as mortality. We aimed to examine the effect of serum osmolarity on intensive care unit (ICU) mortality in critically ill patients METHODS: Data from January 2000 to December 2012 was accessed using the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society (ANZICS) Clinical Outcomes and Resource Evaluation (CORE) database. A total of 509 180 patients were included...
April 17, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416108/tumor-necrosis-adds-prognostically-significant-information-to-grade-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-study-of-842-consecutive-cases-from-a-single-institution-khor-ly-dhakal-hp-jia-x-reynolds-jp-mckenney-jk-rini-bi-magi-galluzzi-c-przybycin-cg-am-j-surg
#19
Oleksandr N Kryvenko
Tumor necrosis has been shown to be an independent predictor of adverse outcome in renal cell carcinoma. A modification of the International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grading system for renal cell carcinomas has recently been proposed, which incorporates the presence of tumor necrosis into grade. The investigators proposing this system found that necrosis added significant prognostic information to ISUP grade. We attempted to describe our experience with the effect of tumor necrosis in relationship to nuclear grade by reviewing the slides from a large consecutive series of localized clear cell renal cell carcinomas from our institution and obtaining long-term clinical follow-up information (overall survival)...
April 13, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414170/importance-of-patient-reported-individualized-goals-when-assessing-outcomes-for-adult-spinal-deformity-asd-initial-experience-with-a-patient-generated-index-pgi
#20
Justin K Scheer, Malla Keefe, Virginie Lafage, Michael P Kelly, Shay Bess, Douglas C Burton, Robert A Hart, Amit Jain, Baron S Lonner, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Richard Hostin, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Frank Schwab, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Current metrics to assess a patient's health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) may not reflect a true change in a patient's specific perception of what is most important to them. PURPOSE: To describe the initial experience of a Patient Generated Index (PGI) in which patients create their own outcome domains. STUDY DESIGN: Single center prospective study PATIENT SAMPLE: Adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients OUTCOME MEASURES: Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Short-Form 36 (SF36:PCS/MCS), Scoliosis research society 22r (SRS22r), and PGI METHODS: ODI, SF36, SRS22r, and PGI were administered preoperatively and postoperatively at 6wks, 3mo, 6mo, and 1 and 2yrs...
April 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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