Read by QxMD icon Read

Post partum hemorrhage, pregnancy induced hypertension

Dejene Ermias Mekango, Mussie Alemayehu, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Gelila Goba
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, 20,000 women die each year from complications related to pregnancy, childbirth and post-partum. For every woman that dies, 20 more experience injury, infection, disease, or disability. "Maternal near miss" (MNM), defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a woman who nearly dies, but survives a complication during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of a termination, is a proxy indicator of maternal mortality and quality of obstetric care. In Ethiopia, few studies have examined MNM...
2017: PloS One
Ayami Inoue, Eiji Kondoh, Koh Suginami, Shingo Io, Yoshitsugu Chigusa, Ikuo Konishi
AIM: The aim of this study was to elucidate the feasibility and safety of vaginal delivery (VD) when placental abruption causes fetal demise. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of women who were managed for placental abruption with intrauterine fetal death at Kyoto University Hospital during the period from 1995 to 2015. RESULTS: Sixteen cases were identified during the study period. VD was attempted in 15 cases and was accomplished in 14 (93...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
N R Shapla, M A Islam, S M Shahida, Z Parveen, Y S Lipe
This observational study was carried out to identify the various types of high risk pregnancy and to determine the maternal and foetal outcome. The study was carried out on 206 pregnant high risk women in the Gynecology and Obstetrics department of Border Guard Hospital, Dhaka from January 2012 to December 2012. During mentioned period among 598 pregnant women 206 high risk pregnancy cases were randomly selected. Pregnant women (gestational age from 34 weeks upto 40 weeks) having medical condition and pregnancy related high risk factors were included and uncomplicated pregnancy, pregnancy before 37 weeks, post dated pregnancy were excluded from this study...
April 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Catherine Brumby, Irena Idel, Rebecca Still, Lee Skeat, Lawrence P McMahon
OBJECTIVES: Disorders associated with marked liver dysfunction in late pregnancy include pre-eclampsia, HELLP syndrome, obstetric cholestasis, and acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Accurate diagnosis and appropriate timing of delivery are required in these conditions to minimize risk of maternal and fetal morbidity/mortality. We report a case series of women with significant and persistent liver dysfunction (>3-fold rise = ALT >90 IU/L) in the third trimester, where a definitive diagnosis remained obscure using accepted diagnostic tools for these and other liver conditions...
January 2015: Pregnancy Hypertension
Suraj M Godara, Vivek B Kute, Hargovind L Trivedi, Aruna V Vanikar, Pankaj R Shah, Manoj R Gumber, Himanshu V Patel, Vandana M Gumber
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most challenging and serious complications of pregnancy. We present our experience on the clinical profile and outcome of 57 patients with pregnancy-related AKI, of a total of 580 patients with AKI seen during the study period. This is a prospective single-center study in a civil hospital conducted from January to December 2010. The most common age group of the study patients was 20-25 years; 43.8% of the patients had received antenatal care. AKI was observed in the puerperium (n = 34), early pregnancy (n = 10) and late pregnancy (n = 13)...
July 2014: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Rohina S Aggarwal, Vineet V Mishra, Anil F Jasani, Manoj Gumber
Acute renal failure (ARF) is a serious medical complication during pregnancy, and, in the post-partum period, is associated with significant maternal morbidity and mortality as well as fetal loss. The objective of our study is to find the etiology and maternal outcome of ARF during pregnancy. The study was conducted at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of the Institute of Kidney Disease and Research Center, Ahmedabad, India from January 2009 to January 2011. Fifty previously healthy patients who developed ARF, diagnosed on oliguria and serum creatinine >2 mg%, were included in the study...
March 2014: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Mamiko Fukuda, Tomohito Tanaka, Mika Kamada, Atsushi Hayashi, Yoshiki Yamashita, Yoshito Terai, Masahide Ohmichi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare the perinatal outcomes after laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) versus abdominal myomectomy (AM). METHODS: The medical records of 105 Japanese females who delivered after myomectomy from 2004 to 2012 at Osaka Medical College were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: Of the 105 females who delivered after myomectomy, 48 had undergone LM and 57 had undergone AM. There were no significant differences in the perinatal outcomes including the rates of emergency cesarean sections, preterm deliveries, placental abnormalities, pregnancy-induced hypertension, low Apgar score, non-reassuring fetal heart rate patterns, and intrauterine fetal death...
2013: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Ashma Rana, Neelam Pradhan, Bekha Manandhar, Kesang Diki Bitsta, Silu Adhikari, Geeta Gurung, Archana Amatya
AIMS: To study the causes of maternal mortality in two consecutive five year periods over a decade (1997-2001/2002-2006) in a university hospital. METHOD: A maternal mortality over 10 years (1997-2006) was analyzed prospectively from the Obstetrics/Gynecology Department of Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital. RESULTS: The maternal mortality ratio of 267.5/100 000 live births was affected by 83 (41 [49.3%] direct, 36 [43.3%] indirect and six [7...
April 2009: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Corine M Koopmans, Denise Bijlenga, Henk Groen, Sylvia M C Vijgen, Jan G Aarnoudse, Dick J Bekedam, Paul P van den Berg, Karin de Boer, Jan M Burggraaff, Kitty W M Bloemenkamp, Addy P Drogtrop, Arie Franx, Christianne J M de Groot, Anjoke J M Huisjes, Anneke Kwee, Aren J van Loon, Annemiek Lub, Dimitri N M Papatsonis, Joris A M van der Post, Frans J M E Roumen, Hubertina C J Scheepers, Christine Willekes, Ben W J Mol, Maria G van Pampus
BACKGROUND: Robust evidence to direct management of pregnant women with mild hypertensive disease at term is scarce. We investigated whether induction of labour in women with a singleton pregnancy complicated by gestational hypertension or mild pre-eclampsia reduces severe maternal morbidity. METHODS: We undertook a multicentre, parallel, open-label randomised controlled trial in six academic and 32 non-academic hospitals in the Netherlands between October, 2005, and March, 2008...
September 19, 2009: Lancet
M V Vettore, M doC Leal, A T Leão, A M Monteiro da Silva, G A Lamarca, A Sheiham
There is no consensus about the influence of periodontal disease on preterm low birthweight. The objective was to investigate the relationship between periodontal disease and preterm low birthweight. A case-control study with 542 post partum women aged over 30 yrs was conducted. Three groups of cases were compared with non-preterm and non-low-birthweight control individuals (n = 393): low birthweight (n = 96), preterm (n = 110), and preterm and low birthweight (n = 63). Periodontal clinical parameters and covariates were recorded...
January 2008: Journal of Dental Research
B Maria
Since 1996, maternal mortality is registered as part of a permanent confidential inquiry in France. The National Committee has studied all cases recorded to assess the cause of death and the avoidable obstetrical complications involved. Recommendations are proposed. In 1996 and 1997, there were 196 maternal deaths in France; 165 could be analyzed. The cause was obstetrical in 123 cases (74%), non-obstetrical in 26 (16%), and unidentified in 16 (10%). Ninety-seven direct deaths occurred (78% of the obstetrical mortality cases); 31 cases of hemorrhage including 19 post partum, 20 cases of pregnancy-induced hypertension, 10 cases of eclampsia and 7 of pre-eclampsia, 16 cases of amniotic fluid embolism, 11 cases of thromboembolism and 10 cases of sepsis...
October 2001: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
F Girard, G Burlet, F Bayoumeu, J Fresson, M H Bouvier-Colle, J L Boutroy
The level of maternal mortality appears to be higher in France than in other European countries according to the data collected in the 1995 European survey. We performed a retrospective analysis of severe hemorrhage, pregnancy induced hypertension, and maternal sepsis in 1995 in the Lorraine region and reviewed the management scheme used in each case. There was one maternal death and 223 cases of severe maternal morbidity (110 cases of hemorrhage, 105 cases of pregnancy induced hypertension, 8 cases of maternal sepsis)...
October 2001: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
A G Witlin, F Mattar, B M Sibai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to characterize the clinical presentation, etiology, and acute and subsequent outcomes of postpartum stroke. STUDY DESIGN: This 20-year, single-center, retrospective review included 20 women without previous neurologic deficit with clinical and neuroimaging diagnoses of postpartum stroke. RESULTS: Eight of 20 women (40%) were delivered abdominally. Conduction anesthesia was induced in 9 of 20 women (45%)...
July 2000: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
S Wang, Y Liang, F Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To study the cause and clinical manifestation of intracranial venous embolim during pregnancy and puerperium, and its early diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: 18 cases of intracranial venous embolism confirmed by Computed Tomography (CT) were eligible for this retrospective study. RESULTS: Of all the cases, 8 cases occurred before delivery and 10 post partum; 10 cases complicated by pregnancy induced hypertension and 8 cases postpartum hemorrhage...
July 1998: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
F Azem, A Jaffa, J B Lessing, M R Peyser
BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) vaginal tablets, suppositories and gel are increasingly being used for the induction of labor. Ease of administration and supervision are their greatest advantage, while hyperstimulation and rupture of the uterus are the main risks. CASE: A 26-year-old woman, gravida 5, para 2, with no history of cesarean section, was induced at 40 weeks' normal gestation, because of mild pregnancy-induced hypertension. Half a tablet (1.5 mg) of PGE2 was inserted into the cervix...
May 1993: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
S Harlap, A M Davies, M Baras
Complications of pregnancy and delivery, and obstetric interventions, were studied in a sample of Israeli women questioned post-partum about contraceptive use. The 2,953 women who had used the pill were compared with 13,630 controls. There were no significant differences between users and controls in the frequencies of bleeding in pregnancy, premature rupture of membranes, placenta previa, placental abruption, fetal distress or asphyxia, ABO incompatibility, hydramnios, transverse lie, cephalopelvic disproportion, and persistent occipitoposterior or post-partum hemorrhage...
July 1981: Contraception
B P Sachs, D A Brown, S G Driscoll, E Schulman, D Acker, B J Ransil, J F Jewett
To identify ways in which the safety of childbirth might be increased, we investigated the causes of death among the 886 women who died during pregnancy or within 90 days post partum ("maternal deaths") in Massachusetts from 1954 through 1985. The maternal mortality rate declined from 50 per 100,000 live births in the early 1950s to the current rate of 10 per 100,000 live births. Between one third and one half of the maternal deaths were considered to have been preventable. The leading causes of maternal death from 1954 through 1957 were infection, cardiac disease, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and hemorrhage...
March 12, 1987: New England Journal of Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"