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Lung surfactant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150411/an-epithelial-biomarker-signature-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-an-analysis-from-the-multicentre-profile-cohort-study
#1
Toby M Maher, Eunice Oballa, Juliet K Simpson, Joanne Porte, Anthony Habgood, William A Fahy, Aiden Flynn, Philip L Molyneaux, Rebecca Braybrooke, Hrushikesh Divyateja, Helen Parfrey, Doris Rassl, Anne-Marie Russell, Gauri Saini, Elisabetta A Renzoni, Anne-Marie Duggan, Richard Hubbard, Athol U Wells, Pauline T Lukey, Richard P Marshall, R Gisli Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive, fatal disorder with a variable disease trajectory. The aim of this study was to assess potential biomarkers to predict outcomes for people with IPF. METHOD: PROFILE is a large prospective longitudinal cohort of treatment-naive patients with IPF. We adopted a two-stage discovery and validation design using patients from the PROFILE cohort. For the discovery analysis, we examined 106 patients and 50 age and sex matched healthy controls from Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust and the Royal Brompton Hospital...
November 14, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149889/electronic-cigarette-vapor-alters-the-lateral-structure-but-not-tensiometric-properties-of-calf-lung-surfactant
#2
Rebecca J Przybyla, Jason Wright, Rajan Parthiban, Saeed Nazemidashtarjandi, Savas Kaya, Amir M Farnoud
BACKGROUND: Despite their growing popularity, the potential respiratory toxicity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) remains largely unknown. One potential aspect of e-cigarette toxicity is the effect of e-cigarette vapor on lung surfactant function. Lung surfactant is a mixture of lipids and proteins that lines the alveolar region. The surfactant layer reduces the surface tension of the alveolar fluid, thereby playing a crucial role in lung stability. Due to their small size, particulates in e-cigarette vapor can penetrate the deep lungs and come into contact with the lung surfactant...
November 17, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149883/serum-concentrations-of-krebs-von-den-lungen-6-surfactant-protein-d-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-as-diagnostic-biomarkers-in-patients-with-asbestosis-and-silicosis-a-case-control-study
#3
Changjiang Xue, Na Wu, Xue Li, Meihua Qiu, Xuqin Du, Qiao Ye
BACKGROUND: Asbestosis and silicosis are progressive pneumoconioses characterized by interstitial fibrosis following exposure to asbestos or silica dust. We evaluated the potential diagnostic biomarkers for these diseases. METHODS: The serum concentrations of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6), surfactant protein D (SP-D), and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-7, and MMP-9 were measured in 43 patients with asbestosis, 45 patients with silicosis, 40 dust-exposed workers (DEWs) without pneumoconiosis, and 45 healthy controls (HCs)...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149721/biological-safety-and-tissue-distribution-of-16-mercaptohexadecyl-trimethylammonium-bromide-modified-cationic-gold-nanorods
#4
Monika Zarska, Michal Sramek, Filip Novotny, Filip Havel, Andrea Babelova, Blanka Mrazkova, Oldrich Benada, Milan Reinis, Ivan Stepanek, Kamil Musilek, Jiri Bartek, Monika Ursinyova, Ondrej Novak, Rastislav Dzijak, Kamil Kuca, Jan Proska, Zdenek Hodny
The exceptionally high cellular uptake of gold nanorods (GNRs) bearing cationic surfactants makes them a promising tool for biomedical applications. Given the known specific toxic and stress effects of some preparations of cationic nanoparticles, the purpose of this study was to evaluate, in an in vitro and in vivo in mouse, the potential harmful effects of GNRs coated with (16-mercaptohexadecyl)trimethylammonium bromide ((MTAB)GNRs). Interestingly, even after cellular accumulation of high amounts of (MTAB)GNRs sufficient for induction of photothermal effect, no genotoxicity (even after longer-term accumulation), induction of autophagy, destabilization of lysosomes (dominant organelles of their cellular destination), alterations of actin cytoskeleton, or in cell migration could be detected in vitro...
November 1, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138038/low-dose-betamethasone-acetate-for-fetal-lung-maturation-in-preterm-sheep
#5
Augusto F Schmidt, Matthew W Kemp, Judith Rittenschober-Böhm, Paranthaman S Kannan, Haruo Usuda, Masatoshi Saito, Lucy Furfaro, Shimpei Watanabe, Sarah Stock, Boris W Kramer, John P Newnham, Suhas G Kallapur, Alan H Jobe
BACKGROUND: Antenatal steroids (ANS) are standard of care for women at risk of preterm delivery; however ANS dosing and formulation have not been adequately evaluated. The standard clinical 2-dose treatment with betamethasone-acetate+betamethasone-phosphate (Beta-P+Beta-Ac) is more effective than 2 doses of Beta-P for inducing lung maturation in preterm fetal sheep. We hypothesized that the slowly-released Beta-Ac component induces similar lung maturation to Beta-P+Beta-Ac with decreased dose and fetal exposure...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138031/mortality-and-pulmonary-outcomes-of-extremely-preterm-infants-exposed-to-antenatal-corticosteroids
#6
Colm P Travers, Waldemar A Carlo, Scott A Mcdonald, Abhik Das, Edward F Bell, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Alan H Jobe, Ronald N Goldberg, Carl T D'Angio, Barbara J Stoll, Seetha Shankaran, Abbot R Laptook, Barbara Schmidt, Michele C Walsh, Pablo J Sanchez, M Bethany Ball, Ellen C Hale, Nancy S Newman, Rosemary D Higgins
BACKGROUND: Antenatal corticosteroids are given primarily to induce fetal lung maturation but results from meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials have not shown mortality or pulmonary benefits for extremely preterm infants although these are the infants most at risk of mortality and pulmonary disease. OBJECTIVE: To determine if exposure to antenatal corticosteroids is associated with a lower rate of death and pulmonary morbidities by 36 weeks' postmenstrual age...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135404/-bilateral-total-lung-lavage-in-a-patient-with-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#7
Müge Erbay, Yılmaz Bülbül, Funda Öztuna, Mehmet Kılıç, Neslihan Özçelik, Şafak Ersöz
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare pulmonary disease characterised by alveolar accumulation of surfactant composed of proteins and lipids. Three main categories of PAP have been defined depending on the aetiology: primer/idiopathic, neonatal/congenital, secondary and exogenous/environmental exposure. Radiologically diffuse ground glass opacities, interlobular and intralobular septal thickening is seen. Although open lung biopsy is accepted as the gold standard in diagnosis, it can be diagnosed by showing bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid with a milky appearance and periodic acid-schiff (PAS) positive globules in biopsy with clinical and radiological findings...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128664/intravenous-anti-mrsa-phosphatiosomes-mediate-enhanced-affinity-to-pulmonary-surfactants-for-effective-treatment-of-infectious-pneumonia
#8
Ching-Yun Hsu, Calvin T Sung, Ibrahim A Aljuffali, Chun-Han Chen, Kai-Yin Hu, Jia-You Fang
The aim of this study was to develop PEGylated phosphatidylcholine (PC)-rich nanovesicles (phosphatiosomes) carrying ciprofloxacin (CIPX) for lung targeting to eradicate extracellular and intracellular methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Soyaethyl morphonium ethosulfate (SME) was intercalated in the nanovesicle surface with the dual goals of achieving strengthened bactericidal activity of CIPX-loaded phosphatiosomes and delivery to the lungs. The isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) results proved the strong association of SME phosphatiosomes with pulmonary surfactant...
November 8, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128360/golga2-loss-causes-fibrosis-with-autophagy-in-the-mouse-lung-and-liver
#9
Sungjin Park, Sanghwa Kim, Minjung Kim, Youngeun Hong, Ah Young Lee, Hyunji Lee, Quangdon Tran, Minhee Kim, Hyeonjeong Cho, Jisoo Park, Kwang Pyo Kim, Jongsun Park, Myung-Haing Cho
Autophagy is a biological recycling process via the self-digestion of organelles, proteins, and lipids for energy-consuming differentiation and homeostasis. The Golgi serves as a donor of the double-membraned phagophore for autophagosome assembly. In addition, recent studies have demonstrated that pulmonary and hepatic fibrosis is accompanied by autophagy. However, the relationships among Golgi function, autophagy, and fibrosis are unclear. Here, we show that the deletion of GOLGA2, encoding a cis-Golgi protein, induces autophagy with Golgi disruption...
November 8, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123113/talen-mediated-functional-correction-of-human-ipsc-derived-macrophages-in-context-of-hereditary-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis
#10
Alexandra Kuhn, Mania Ackermann, Claudio Mussolino, Toni Cathomen, Nico Lachmann, Thomas Moritz
Hereditary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (herPAP) constitutes a rare, life threatening lung disease characterized by the inability of alveolar macrophages to clear the alveolar airspaces from surfactant phospholipids. On a molecular level, the disorder is defined by a defect in the CSF2RA gene coding for the GM-CSF receptor alpha-chain (CD116). As therapeutic options are limited, we currently pursue a cell and gene therapy approach aiming for the intrapulmonary transplantation of gene-corrected macrophages derived from herPAP-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (herPAP-iPSC) employing transcriptional activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs)...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121767/from-pulmonary-surfactant-synthetic-kl4-peptide-as-effective-sirna-delivery-vector-for-pulmonary-delivery
#11
Yingshan Qiu, Michael Y T Chow, Wanling Liang, Winnie W Y Chung, Judith C W Mak, Jenny K W Lam
Pulmonary delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) has huge potential for the treatment of a wide range of respiratory diseases. The ability of naked siRNA to transfect cells in the lungs without a delivery vector has prompted the investigation of whether an endogenous component is at least partially responsible for the cellular uptake of siRNA, and whether a safe and efficient delivery system could be developed from this component to further improve the transfection efficiency. Surfactant protein B (SP-B), a positively charged protein molecule found in lung surfactant, is one of the possible candidates...
November 17, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118857/analysis-of-predictive-parameters-for-the-development-of-radiation-induced-pneumonitis
#12
Toru Yamagishi, Norio Kodaka, Yoshiyuki Kurose, Kayo Watanabe, Chihiro Nakano, Kumiko Kishimoto, Takeshi Oshio, Kumiko Niitsuma, Hiroto Matsuse
INTRODUCTION: Prevention and effective treatment of radiation-induced pneumonitis (RP) could facilitate greater use of radiation therapy (RT) for lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine clinical parameters useful for early prediction of RP. METHODS: Blood sampling, pulmonary function testing, chest computed tomography, and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were performed in patients with pathologically confirmed lung cancer who had completed ≥60 Gy of RT, at baseline, shortly after RT, and at 1 month posttreatment...
October 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115600/messenger-rna-sequencing-reveals-similar-mechanisms-between-neonatal-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#13
Hua Mei, Yuheng Zhang, Chunzhi Liu, Yayu Zhang, Chunli Liu, Dan Song, Chun Xin, Jing Wang, Jonathan Josephs-Spaulding, Yan Zhu, Feng Tang
Hypoxemia and hypercarbia resulting from a lack of surfactant is considered to be the primary mechanism underlying neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). Surfactant replacement therapy may mitigate the symptoms of the disease by decreasing the surface tension of alveoli and facilitating inflation. However, surfactant serves an additional role in immunological processes. Therefore, it may be hypothesized that mechanisms of NRDS involving surfactant exert additional functions to promoting alveolar inflation...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111316/concentrations-of-sp-a-and-hsp70-are-associated-with-polarization-of-macrophages-in-pleural-effusions-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#14
Mariusz Kaczmarek, Malgorzata Lagiedo, Agnieszka Masztalerz, Magdalena Kozlowska, Agata Nowicka, Beata Brajer, Halina Batura-Gabryel, Jan Sikora
Damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) molecules can initiate an immune response through Toll-like receptors (TLRs). DAMPs are released from cells as a response to the extracellular danger and can be by-products of tissue damage. In cancer microenvironment necrotic cells release debris which has potency to become DAMPs. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is often accompanied by pleural effusion (PE), which contains a variety of DAMPs. Surfactant protein A (SP-A) and heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) are important DAMPs in the respiratory tract...
October 27, 2017: Immunobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104474/association-of-surfactant-protein-with-expression-of-hoxa5-and-hoxb5-in-rabbit-fetal-lung
#15
Sung-Hoon Chung, Chong-Woo Bae
Hox genes regulate organ formation and identity of the embryo, and expressed in specific temporo-spatial patterns in the developing embryo. We compared the expression levels of the Hoxa5, Hoxb5, surfactant protein (SP)-A, and SP-B genes in immature and mature rabbit fetal lung tissues, and to uncover roles for Hoxa5, Hoxb5, SP-A, and SP-B. Cesarean sections were performed after rabbits were divided into two groups of 30-31 days of gestation (term group, n = 24) and 26-27 days of gestation (preterm group, n = 24)...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103412/effects-of-herbal-extracts-and-compounds-and-pharmacological-agents-on-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-animal-models-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Hoda Mojiri-Forushani, Ali Asghar Hemmati, Mohammad Amin Dehghani, Ali Reza Malayeri, Hossein Hassan Pour
Pulmonary fibrosis, a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs mainly in older adults, is a serious health threat with few effective treatment options. The etiological aspects of pulmonary fibrosis remain unknown, though some factors such as cigarette smoking, viral infections, surfactant protein polymorphisms, and chronic or high doses use of certain drugs are considered to be risk factors for the progression of pulmonary fibrosis. No standard treatments have been introduced in clinic yet. Although glucocorticoids and antioxidant drugs have been administered, the severe and broad-spectrum adverse effects of glucocorticoids limit their use...
November 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101035/surfactant-protein-d-attenuates-nitric-oxide-stimulated-apoptosis-in-rat-chondrocyte-by-suppressing-p38-mapk-signaling
#17
Yan Zhou, Jianghua Ming, Yaming Li, Xianjin Du, Ming Deng, Bin He, Jianlin Zhou, Guirong Wang, Shiqing Liu
Innate immune molecule surfactant protein D (SP-D), a member of the C-type lectin protein family, plays an indispensable role in host defense and the regulation of inflammation in the lung and other tissues. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of cartilage, with inflammation that causes pathologic changes and tissue damage. However, it is unknown whether there exist SP-D expression and its potential role in the pathogenesis of OA. In this study, we examined SP-D expression and explored its biological function in a sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-stimulated rat chondrocytes and surgically-induced rat OA model...
October 31, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095306/clinical-features-of-secondary-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis-associated-with-myelodysplastic-syndrome-two-case-reports
#18
Yin Liu, Lu Lu Chen, Yu Ying Qiu, Yong Long Xiao, Hou Rong Cai
RATIONALE: Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung disorder characterized by the abnormal accumulation of alveolar surfactant protein in alveolar spaces. Secondary PAP can result from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). PATIENT CONCERNS: But most reports described a single case; here we reported 2 cases of PAP secondary to MDS. One case developed secondary PAP at the same time as MDS, and the other developed during the course of MDS. DIAGNOSES: The diagnosis of PAP was made by bronchoalveolar lavage and based on the identification of periodic acid-Schiff-positive proteinaceous material...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083321/emc3-coordinates-surfactant-protein-and-lipid-homeostasis-required-for-respiration
#19
Xiaofang Tang, John M Snowball, Yan Xu, Cheng-Lun Na, Timothy E Weaver, Geremy Clair, Jennifer E Kyle, Erika M Zink, Charles Ansong, Wei Wei, Meina Huang, Xinhua Lin, Jeffrey A Whitsett
Adaptation to respiration at birth depends upon the synthesis of pulmonary surfactant, a lipid-protein complex that reduces surface tension at the air-liquid interface in the alveoli and prevents lung collapse during the ventilatory cycle. Herein, we demonstrated that the gene encoding a subunit of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane complex, EMC3, also known as TMEM111 (Emc3/Tmem111), was required for murine pulmonary surfactant synthesis and lung function at birth. Conditional deletion of Emc3 in murine embryonic lung epithelial cells disrupted the synthesis and packaging of surfactant lipids and proteins, impaired the formation of lamellar bodies, and induced the unfolded protein response in alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082763/claudin18-associated-with-corticosteroid-induced-expression-of-surfactant-proteins-in-pulmonary-epithelial-cells
#20
Fang Shi, Yong Liao, Youzhi Dong, Yuxiang Wang, Yuqin Xie, Huajing Wan
OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that if Cldn18 is associated with lung maturation and play a key role in the corticosteroid-induced expression of surfactant proteins. METHODS: Mouse embryonic lung tissue at different developmental stages (E14.5, E16.5 and E18.5) was collected to detect the temporal-spatial expression of Cldn18 by Western blot and immunofluorescence staining. Dexamethasone + cAMP + isobutylmethylxanthine (DCI), a commonly used agent for inducing maturation of alveolar epithelial cell in vitro, was used to mimic the roles of corticosteroid...
October 29, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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