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Mineral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715881/comparison-of-bone-metabolism-based-on-the-different-ages-and-competition-levels-of-junior-and-high-school-female-rhythmic-gymnasts
#1
Taewoong Oh, Tatsuki Naka
PURPOSE: This study was to clarify the effect of age and competition level by measuring bone metabolism markers and bone mineral density measurements of junior high school and high school female rhythmic gymnasts, who restrict their diets to maintain a low body weight, while routinely undertaking long hours of high-intensity exercise, comparing the gymnasts based on their elite/non-elite. METHODS: The study investigated 7 junior high school and 12 high school female rhythmic gymnasts...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714911/nutrition-and-allergic-diseases
#2
EDITORIAL
R J J van Neerven, Huub Savelkoul
The development of IgE-mediated allergic diseases is influenced by many factors, including genetic and environmental factors such as pollution and farming, but also by nutrition. In the last decade, substantial progress has been made in our understanding of the impact that nutrition can have on allergic diseases. Many studies have addressed the effect of breastfeeding, pre-, pro- and synbiotics, vitamins and minerals, fiber, fruit and vegetables, cow's milk, and n-3 fatty acids, on the development of allergies...
July 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714425/the-share-of-ultra-processed-foods-determines-the-overall-nutritional-quality-of-diets-in-brazil
#3
Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Camila Zancheta Ricardo, Euridice Martinez Steele, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Geoffrey Cannon, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and to determine its association with the overall nutritional quality of diets in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: A representative sample of 32 898 Brazilians aged ≥10 years was studied. Food intake data were collected. We calculated the average dietary content of individual nutrients and compared them across quintiles of energy share of ultra-processed foods...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709026/regulation-of-calcium-and-magnesium-homeostasis-in-plants-from-transporters-to-signaling-network
#4
REVIEW
Ren-Jie Tang, Sheng Luan
Calcium (Ca(2+)) and magnesium (Mg(2+)) are the most abundant divalent cations in plants. As a nutrient and a signaling ion, Ca(2+) levels in the cell are tightly controlled by an array of channels and carriers that provide mechanistic basis for Ca(2+) homeostasis and the generation of Ca(2+) signals. Although a family of CorA-type Mg(2+) transporters plays a key role in controlling Mg(2+) homeostasis in plants, more components are yet to be identified. Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) appear to have antagonistic interactions in plant cells, and therefore plants depend on a homeostatic balance between Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) for optimal growth and development...
July 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704413/association-of-insulin-resistance-with-near-peak-bone-mass-in-the-femur-and-lumbar-spine-of-korean-adults-aged-25-35-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#5
Min Soo Choo, Se Rin Choi, Jun Hyun Han, Seong Ho Lee, Young Suk Shim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between insulin resistance and the bone mineral density (BMD) of femur and lumbar spine in Korean adults who are expected to exhibit near peak bone mass. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2010 were analyzed. A total of 2,750 participants aged 25-35 years were included. Insulin resistance was assessed using a homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and serum fasting insulin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701179/a-study-on-relationship-between-elderly-sarcopenia-and-inflammatory-factors-il-6-and-tnf-%C3%AE
#6
Ai-Lin Bian, Hui-Ying Hu, Yu-Dong Rong, Jian Wang, Jun-Xiong Wang, Xin-Zi Zhou
BACKGROUND: This report aims to study the relationship between sarcopenia of elderly in community and inflammatory factors IL-6 and TNF-α. METHODS: A total of 441 elders who undertook physical examinations were included into this study. The age of these subjects were >60, in which 235 subjects were male and 206 subjects were female. According to the diagnostic standards of sarcopenia set by EWGSOP and AWGS, these subjects were divided into two groups: sarcopenia, and non-sarcopenia groups...
July 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700827/compatible-rhizosphere-competent-microbial-consortium-add-value-to-nutritional-quality-in-edible-parts-of-chickpea
#7
Sudheer KUmar Yadav, Surendra Singh, Harikesh Bahadur Singh, Birinchi Kumar Sarma
Chickpea is used as a high energy and protein source in human and livestock's diets. Moreover, chickpea straw can be used as alternative of forage in ruminant diets. The present study evaluates the effect of beneficial microbial inoculation on enhancing the nutritional values in edible parts of chickpea. Two rhizosphere competent compatible microbes (Pseudomonas fluorescens OKC and Trichoderma asperellum T42) were selected and applied to seeds either individually or in consortium before sowing. Chickpea seeds treated with the microbes showed enhanced plant growth (88...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700763/recalcitrant-genital-papules
#8
Anne Bartels, Hetal Choxi, Amy Rothberg
Nutritional deficiencies, decreased bone mineral density, and dumping syndrome are just some of the challenges these patients face. Here's how to optimize their care.
July 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696961/current-body-composition-measurement-techniques
#9
Thaisa Lemos, Dympna Gallagher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews the most innovative and precise, available methods for quantification of in-vivo human body composition. RECENT FINDINGS: Body composition measurement methods are continuously being perfected. Ongoing efforts involve multisegmental and multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis, quantitative magnetic resonance for total body water, fat, and lean tissue measurements, imaging to further define ectopic fat depots...
July 10, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695242/spine-fracture-prevalence-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-women-and-men-aged-%C3%A2-40%C3%A2-years-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2013-2014-supplementary-presentation
#10
F Cosman
Spine fracture prevalence is similar in men and women, increasing from <5% in those <60 to 11% in those 70-79 and 18% in those ≥80 years. Prevalence was higher with age, lower bone mineral density (BMD), and in those meeting criteria for spine imaging. Most subjects with spine fractures were unaware of them.
July 10, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693088/-study-of-the-relevant-factors-of-behavioral-development-among-30-month-old-infants-in-rural-area-of-shaanxi-province
#11
X Yang, Z H Zhu, M Zhang, D Y Li, D L Liu, Y Cheng, H Yan, L X Zeng
Objective: To explore the relevant factors of behavioral development among 30-month-old infants in rural area, Shaanxi Province. Methods: The behavioral development among 977 infants aged 30-month-old was evaluated in Changwu and Binxian of Shaanxi province from July 2006 to August 2008. The inclusion criteria included single live birth between January 2004 and February 2006, mother had participated in a community-based intervention study named "Impact of multi-micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy on low birth weight and premature delivery" ...
July 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686548/roles-of-vitamins-d-and-k-nutrition-and-lifestyle-in-low-energy-bone-fractures-in-children-and-young-adults
#12
Michał Karpiński, Janusz Popko, Katarzyna Maresz, Vladimir Badmaev, Sidney J Stohs
The research on skeletal system health in children and young adults, while recognizing the important role of calcium and vitamin D, goes beyond these nutritional standards. This review focuses on the role of vitamin K in combination with vitamin D and other factors in bone health. The current understanding is that maintaining bone health and prevention of low-energy fractures in any pediatric population includes nutritional factors combined with an active lifestyle. Calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin K supplementation contribute independently and collectively to bone health...
July 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685282/bone-mineral-density-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#13
A Carfì, R Liperoti, D Fusco, S Giovannini, V Brandi, D L Vetrano, E Meloni, D Mascia, E R Villani, E Manes Gravina, R Bernabei, G Onder
This study analyzed data of bone mineral density (BMD) from a large cohort of adults with Down syndrome (DS). BMD was found to decrease with age more rapidly in these subjects than in the general population, exposing adults with DS to an increased risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture. INTRODUCTION: Down syndrome (DS) in adulthood presents with a high prevalence of osteoporosis. However, in DS, bone mineral density (BMD) can be underestimated due to short stature. Furthermore, the rate of age-related decline in BMD and its association with gender in DS has been rarely evaluated or compared with the general population...
July 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684691/administration-of-inulin-supplemented-gluten-free-diet-modified-calcium-absorption-and-caecal-microbiota-in-rats-in-a-calcium-dependent-manner
#14
Urszula Krupa-Kozak, Lidia H Markiewicz, Grzegorz Lamparski, Jerzy Juśkiewicz
In coeliac disease (CD), the risk of adverse calcium balance and reduced bone density is induced mainly by the disease, but also by a gluten-free diet (GFD), the only accepted CD therapy. Prebiotics through the beneficial impact on intestinal microbiota may stimulate calcium (Ca) absorption. In the present study, we hypothesised that the dietary inulin in GFD would influence positively the intestinal microbiota, and by that will stimulate the absorption of calcium (Ca), especially in the conditions of Ca malnutrition...
July 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683234/long-term-bone-health-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-pilot-study
#15
Fiona Jackson Cook, Ila Khanna, Jennifer Giordano, Laura Matarese, Suzanne Hudson
OBJECTIVE: This cross sectional study was undertaken to assess metabolic bone disease by examining bone mineral density (BMD), fracture prevalence, and nutritional factors pertinent to bone in a cohort >9 years post Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: Fifty one subjects 9.4-36.0 years (mean 17.0 +8.1) post RYGB provided a focused history. Dietary calcium and protein were assessed. Dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DXA) BMD at the spine, hip, and radius and routine serum chemistries, magnesium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, vitamin K, and micronutrients were analyzed...
July 6, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681866/microalgae-as-healthy-ingredients-for-functional-food-a-review
#16
REVIEW
J Matos, C Cardoso, N M Bandarra, C Afonso
Microalgae are very interesting and valuable natural sources of highly valuable bioactive compounds, such as vitamins, essential amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, minerals, carotenoids, enzymes and fibre. Due to their potential, microalgae have become some of the most promising and innovative sources of new food and functional products. Moreover, microalgae can be used as functional ingredients to enhance the nutritional value of foods and, thus, to favourably affect human health by improving the well-being and quality of life, but also by curtailing disease and illness risks...
July 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675610/vitamin-d-a-modulator-of-musculoskeletal-health-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
REVIEW
Pablo Molina, Juan J Carrero, Jordi Bover, Philippe Chauveau, Sandro Mazzaferro, Pablo Ureña Torres
The spectrum of activity of vitamin D goes beyond calcium and bone homeostasis, and growing evidence suggests that vitamin D contributes to maintain musculoskeletal health in healthy subjects as well as in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who display the combination of bone metabolism disorder, muscle wasting, and weakness. Here, we review how vitamin D represents a pathway in which bone and muscle may interact. In vitro studies have confirmed that the vitamin D receptor is present on muscle, describing the mechanisms whereby vitamin D directly affects skeletal muscle...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673079/feeding-of-preterm-infants-and-fortification-of-breast-milk
#18
Giovanna Mangili, Elena Garzoli
The administration of the adequate amount of nutrients helps to improve a correct short-term linear growth and long-term neurocognitive development. To reduce the extra-uterine growth delay in very low birth weight infants (VLBW) the best strategy of nutrition (parenteral or enteral) should be established rapidly, since the first day of life. In preterm infants, nutrition can be administered parenterally and enterally. Prematurity is the most frequent indication for parenteral nutritional support due to intestinal functional immune deficiency, deficiency of digestive enzymatic systems and reduced nutritional reserve of these infants...
June 28, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667635/genetically-modified-phytase-crops-role-in-sustainable-plant-and-animal-nutrition-and-ecological-development-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Chinreddy Subramanyam Reddy, Seong-Cheol Kim, Tanushri Kaul
Globally, plant-derivatives especially cereals and legumes are the major staple food sources for animals. The seeds of these crops comprise of phytic acid, the major repository form of the phosphorus, which is not digestible by simple-stomached animals. However, it is the most important factor responsible for impeding the absorption of minerals by plants that eventually results in less use of fertilizers that ultimately cause eutrophication in water bodies. Although abundant phosphorus (P) exists in the soils, plants cannot absorb most of the P due to its conversion to unavailable forms...
July 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665516/proximate-mineral-composition-and-antioxidant-activity-of-traditional-small-millets-cultivated-and-consumed-in-rayalaseema-region-of-south-india
#20
Vali Pasha K, Ratnavathi C V, Ajani J, Raju D, Manoj Kumar S R, Sashidhar R B
BACKGROUND: Millets are a diverse group of small seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal foods. This communication details the proximate, mineral profile and antioxidant activity of six different small millets (Finger, Foxtail, Proso, Little, Barnyard and Kodo millets) and their 21 cultivars that are traditionally cultivated and consumed in the region of Ralayaseema, South India. RESULTS: The proximate analysis revealed that these millets are rich in protein, fat, ash (mineral), total dietary fiber and total phenols with appreciable antioxidant activity...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
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