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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804797/bioactivities-of-alternative-protein-sources-and-their-potential-health-benefits
#1
REVIEW
A Pihlanto, P Mattila, S Mäkinen, A-M Pajari
Increasing the utilisation of plant proteins is needed to support the production of protein-rich foods that could replace animal proteins in the human diet so as to reduce the strain that intensive animal husbandry poses to the environment. Lupins, quinoa and hempseed are significant sources of energy, high quality proteins, fibre, vitamins and minerals. In addition, they contain compounds such as polyphenols and bioactive peptides that can increase the nutritional value of these plants. From the nutritional standpoint, the right combination of plant proteins can supply sufficient amounts of essential amino acids for human requirements...
August 14, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798761/harnessing-finger-millet-to-combat-calcium-deficiency-in-humans-challenges-and-prospects
#2
REVIEW
Swati Puranik, Jason Kam, Pranav P Sahu, Rama Yadav, Rakesh K Srivastava, Henry Ojulong, Rattan Yadav
Humans require more than 20 mineral elements for healthy body function. Calcium (Ca), one of the essential macromineral, is required in relatively large quantities in the diet for maintaining a sound overall health. Young children, pregnant and nursing women in marginalized and poorest regions of the world, are at highest risk of Ca malnutrition. Elderly population is another group of people most commonly affected by Ca deficiency mainly in the form of osteoporosis and osteopenia. Improved dietary intake of Ca may be the most cost-effective way to meet such deficiencies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796830/dynamic-changes-of-nutrient-composition-throughout-the-entire-life-cycle-of-black-soldier-fly
#3
Xiu Liu, Xuan Chen, Hui Wang, Qinqin Yang, Kashif Ur Rehman, Wu Li, Minmin Cai, Qing Li, Lorenzo Mazza, Jibin Zhang, Ziniu Yu, Longyu Zheng
Black soldier fly (BSF) larvae, Hermetia illucens L., develops on organic wastes, reducing ecological pollution and converting waste biomass into protein and fat rich insect biomass. BSF can replace increasingly expensive protein sources used in poultry, aquaculture and livestock compound diet formulation, such as fish meal and soybean meal, which holds the potential to alleviate future food and feed insecurity. The fate of nutritional spectra in BSF during its life cycle phases is still poorly understood. This study assessed metabolic changes in nutrition composition of BSF from egg to adult...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796793/characterizing-the-gut-gallus-gallus-microbiota-following-the-consumption-of-an-iron-biofortified-rwandan-cream-seeded-carioca-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-bean-based-diet
#4
Spenser Reed, Hadar Neuman, Raymond P Glahn, Omry Koren, Elad Tako
Biofortification is a plant breeding method that introduces increased concentrations of minerals in staple food crops (e.g., legumes, cereal grains), and has shown success in alleviating insufficient Fe intake in various human populations. Unlike other strategies utilized to alleviate Fe deficiency, studies of the gut microbiota in the context of Fe biofortification have not yet been reported, although the consumption of Fe biofortified staple food crops has increased significantly over time. Hence, in this study, we performed a 6-week feeding trial in Gallus gallus (n = 14), aimed to investigate the alterations in the gut microbiome following administration of an Fe biofortified bean-based diet (biofortified, BFe) versus a bean based diet with poorly-bioavailable Fe (standard, SFe)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792457/impact-of-frequency-of-multi-vitamin-multi-mineral-supplement-intake-on-nutritional-adequacy-and-nutrient-deficiencies-in-u-s-adults
#5
Jeffrey B Blumberg, Balz B Frei, Victor L Fulgoni, Connie M Weaver, Steven H Zeisel
Although >50% of U.S. adults use dietary supplements, little information is available on the impact of supplement use frequency on nutrient intakes and deficiencies. Based on nationally representative data in 10,698 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 2009 to 2012, assessments were made of intakes from food alone versus food plus multi-vitamin/multi-mineral supplements (MVMS) of 17 nutrients with an Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) and a Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), and of the status of five nutrients with recognized biomarkers of deficiency...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783610/slaughter-value-and-meat-quality-of-suckler-calves-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Piotr Domaradzki, Piotr Stanek, Zygmunt Litwińczuk, Piotr Skałecki, Mariusz Florek
Veal is widely prized by consumers for its excellent nutritional value. Calf meat is generally obtained from young (immature) bovine animals up to 8months of age, or in some cases from older animals, but no older than 12months. Classification of calf carcasses and specification of cuts are quite well regulated in the European market, in contrast with feeding systems and meat characteristics. There are several calf production systems, but in terms of consumer health the most beneficial meat is obtained from animals reared on pasture with natural suckling...
August 2, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782719/nutrient-exchange-and-regulation-in-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-symbiosis
#7
REVIEW
Wanxiao Wang, Jincai Shi, Qiujin Xie, Yina Jiang, Nan Yu, Ertao Wang
Most land plants form symbiotic associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. These are the most common and widespread terrestrial plant symbioses, and have a global impact on plant mineral nutrition. The establishment of AM symbiosis involves recognition of the two partners, and bidirectional transport of different mineral and carbon nutrients through the symbiotic interfaces within the host root cells. Intriguingly, recent discoveries have highlighted that lipids are transferred from the plant host to AM fungus as a major carbon source...
August 3, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781229/height-loss-was-associated-with-osteoporosis-in-korean-elderly-men-not-in-women-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2010
#8
Kyung-Sik Ahn, Chang Ho Kang, Sung Bum Cho, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Kyung-Do Han, Yong-Gyu Park, Yang-Hyun Kim
The degree of height loss varies among individuals, and excessive height loss can be a vertebral fracture or bone loss manifestation. The objective of this study was to examine the relationships between height loss and bone mineral density (BMD) and to assess the prevalence of osteoporosis according to the height loss quartiles. Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. A total of 2799 participants more than 60 years old were included and subdivided into quartiles according to height loss (Q1-Q4)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779868/neurological-complications-of-nutritional-disease
#9
Aparna Polavarapu, Daphne Hasbani
Vitamins and minerals have essential functions in the body, from signal transduction to acting as cofactors for numerous enzymatic processes. Nutritional deficiencies and excess of certain vitamins and minerals can have profound effects on the central and peripheral nervous systems from early development into adulthood. This article summarizes the role of various nutritional factors in the nervous system and the neurological symptoms that can arise from deficiency or excess.
February 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769964/application-of-mycorrhiza-and-soil-from-a-permaculture-system-improved-phosphorus-acquisition-in-naranjilla
#10
Sarah Symanczik, Michelle Gisler, Cécile Thonar, Klaus Schlaeppi, Marcel Van der Heijden, Ansgar Kahmen, Thomas Boller, Paul Mäder
Naranjilla (Solanum quitoense) is a perennial shrub plant mainly cultivated in Ecuador, Colombia, and Central America where it represents an important cash crop. Current cultivation practices not only cause deforestation and large-scale soil degradation but also make plants highly susceptible to pests and diseases. The use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can offer a possibility to overcome these problems. AMF can act beneficially in various ways, for example by improving plant nutrition and growth, water relations, soil structure and stability and protection against biotic and abiotic stresses...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765866/-evaluation-of-nutritional-characteristics-of-commercial-canned-cat-diets
#11
Cornelia Rückert, Conny Braun, Ingrid Vervuert
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate commercial complete canned cat foods according to their composition, labeling and nutritional characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 21 commercial complete canned compound feeds for adult cats were analyzed for crude nutrients, minerals, vitamins, selected amino acids and taurine. The analyzed parameters were compared to the internal set of standards of the European Pet Food Industry Federation (FEDIAF). The energy content was calculated and compared with the labeled recommendations regarding the amounts of diet that should be fed...
August 2, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760114/assessing-selenium-manganese-and-iodine-status-in-pediatric-patients-receiving-parenteral-nutrition
#12
Jacob Clarke Johnsen, Susan Anne Reese, Mark Mackay, Collin R Anderson, Daniel Jackson, Irasema Libertad Paul
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients who are receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) unsupplemented with trace minerals can become deficient. Due to shortages in trace mineral products and the 2004 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition report stating that individualized trace element supplementation may be warranted, a review was conducted concerning the trace minerals selenium (Se), manganese (Mn), and iodine (I). METHOD: A retrospective review of pediatric patients receiving PN that contained Se and Mn was conducted to determine if a difference existed between them and patients receiving PN without Se and Mn...
August 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758208/a-comparison-of-the-proximate-fibre-mineral-content-amino-acid-and-the-fatty-acid-profile-of-marula-sclerocarya-birrea-caffra-nut-and-soyabean-glycine-max-meals
#13
I M M Malebana, B D Nkosi, K H Erlwanger, E Chivandi
BACKGROUND: Due to shortages and the cost of the currently utilised conventional dietary protein sources in the Sub-Saharan Africa feed industry, chemical evaluation of available non-conventional sources for feed is imperative. One such source is Marula nut meal (by-product of Marula oil extraction). This study chemically characterised the nutritional composition of two differently processed Marula nut meals (MNMs) and compared them to that of solvent extracted soyabean meal (SBM). RESULTS: The MNMs had higher dry matter, ether extract and gross energy, but lower crude protein and ash contents compared to SBM...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749738/nutraceutical-potential-of-new-alfalfa-medicago-sativa-ingredients-for-beverage-preparations
#14
Maria Guadalupe Soto-Zarazúa, Moustapha Bah, Anabela Silvia Gomes Costa, Francisca Rodrigues, Filipa Botelho Pimentel, Isela Rojas-Molina, Alejandra Rojas, Maria Beatriz Prior Pinto Oliveira
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) has been extensively used as animal feed, due to its fiber, protein, minerals, and vitamins, being also a useful source of phenolic compounds with potential therapeutic benefits. Nevertheless, its potential use as human ingredient is scarce. The aim of this work was to assess the nutritional composition, amino acid profile, and antioxidant capacity (AOC) of freeze-dried juice (FDJ) and fibrous residual material (RM), two new alfalfa-derived products (Adps) recently launched as ingredients for beverage preparations...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748080/formulation-and-nutritional-evaluation-of-a-healthy-vegetable-soup-powder-supplemented-with-soy-flour-mushroom-and-moringa-leaf
#15
Tasnim Farzana, Suman Mohajan, Trissa Saha, Md Nur Hossain, Md Zahurul Haque
The research study was conducted to develop a healthy vegetables soup powder supplemented with soy flour, mushroom, moringa leaf and compare its nutritional facts with locally available soup powders. Proximate analysis and sensory evaluation were done by standard method. In this study, moisture, ash, protein, fat, fiber, carbohydrate, and energy content were ranged from 2.83% to 5.46%, 9.39% to 16.48%, 6.92% to 16.05%, 4.22% to 6.39%, 0.22% to 1.61%, 58.81% to 75.41%, and 337.42 to 386.72 kcal/100 g, respectively...
July 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747190/bone-mineral-density-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
M J Kruger, T A Nell
Bone health status is largely absent in South Africa, the main reasons being the absence and cost-effectiveness of specific screening equipment for assessing bone mineral density (BMD). Various risk factors seem to play a role, some of which can be modified to change bone health status. Urbanisation is also a public health concern. Changing nutritional, as well as social behaviour, play integral roles in the prevalence and incidence of decreased BMD. Furthermore, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) specifically, has a negative impact on BMD and although highly active antiretroviral therapy increases the prognosis for HIV-infected individuals, BMD still seem to decrease further...
July 26, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745686/-effects-of-keto-amino-acids-and-a-low-protein-diet-on-the-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-stages-3b-4-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
S Yu Milovanova, Yu S Milovanov, M V Taranova, I A Dobrosmyslov
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of keto/amino acids in maintaining protein balance and preventing mineral metabolic disturbances and the development of uremic hyperparathyroidism in the long-term use of a low-protein diet (LPD) in patients with Stages 3B-4 chronic kidney disease (CKD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients with CKD caused by chronic latent glomerulonephritis in 65 patients and chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis of various etiologies (gout, drug-induced, and infection) in 25 were examined...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739429/llex-paraguariensis-decreases-oxidative-stress-in-bone-and-mitigates-the-damage-in-rats-during-perimenopause
#18
Camila Scacco Pereira, Camila Tami Stringhetta-Garcia, Lilian da Silva Xavier, Keny Gonçalves Tirapeli, Ariana Aparecida Ferreira Pereira, GiselIi Mitsuy Kayahara, José Marcelo Tramarim, Marcelo Macedo Crivelini, Karina Stringhetta Padovani, Andréia Machado Leopoldino, Mário Jefferson Quirino Louzada, Adriane Belló-Klein, Susana Francisca Llesuy, Edilson Ervolino, Rita Cássia Menegati Dornelles, Antonio Hernandes Chaves-Neto, Ana Cláudia de Melo Stevanato Nakamune
During perimenopause, oxidative stress increases, which may result in disruption of bone turnover, and consequently in osteoporosis. The use of antioxidants may be an effective nutritional approach to reducing osteoporosis in this period of life. Mate tea (MT) (Ilex paraguariensis), a typical and inexpensive beverage consumed in the Brazilian south-east, Argentina and Uruguay, increases antioxidant defense. Our hypothesis was that MT would decrease oxidative stress and mitigate bone deterioration. To test this, we analyzed oxidative stress markers of bone turnover, and local and systemic markers of bone metabolism of rats during natural perimenopause...
July 21, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737399/rapid-characterization-of-the-human-breast-milk-lipidome-using-a-solid-phase-microextraction-and-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based-approach
#19
Dorota Garwolińska, Weronika Hewelt-Belka, Jacek Namieśnik, Agata Kot-Wasik
Human breast milk (HBM) is a biofluid consisting of various biomolecules such as proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, minerals and bioactive substances. Due to its unique and complex composition, HBM provides not only nutritional components required for the growth of the infant, but also additional protection against infections. Global insight into the composition of HBM is crucial to understanding the health benefits infants receive from breastfeeding and could be used to improve the composition of milk formula for babies that cannot be breastfed...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731841/survey-of-nutrition-management-practices-in-centers-for-pediatric-intestinal-rehabilitation
#20
Anita M Nucci, Kipp Ellsworth, Austin Michalski, Emily Nagel, Jackie Wessel
BACKGROUND: Nutrition management of pediatric intestinal failure (IF) requires interdisciplinary coordination of parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) support. Nutrition strategies used by specialists in pediatric intestinal rehabilitation to promote gut adaptation and manage complications have not been previously summarized. METHODS: A practice survey was distributed to members of the dietitian subgroup of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Pediatric Intestinal Failure Section...
July 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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