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Mineral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918551/bio-economic-evaluation-of-a-reduced-phosphorus-supplementation-strategy-for-a-cow-calf-system-in-brazil-a-case-study
#1
Samara P Lopes, Felipe Z Garcia, Vinícius C Souza, Diogo Fleury A Costa, Pedro Malafaia
Fertility, weight of calves at weaning, and the economic aspects of a breeding herd receiving mineral supplements containing 75 or 12.5 g of phosphorus (P)/kg were measured from 2013 to 2016. No differences in reproduction parameters or weight at weaning were found before and after the adoption of the new scheme of mineral supplementation. Before the study, the annual cost with the formula containing more P was equivalent to 29.3 weaned beef calves; after the P reduction, the annual cost was equivalent to 2...
September 16, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918137/reticulo-rumen-mass-epithelium-gene-expression-and-systemic-biomarkers-of-metabolism-and-inflammation-in-holstein-dairy-cows-fed-a-high-energy-diet
#2
J M Arroyo, A Hosseini, Z Zhou, A Alharthi, E Trevisi, J S Osorio, J J Loor
Feeding a higher-energy diet by increasing cereal grains at the expense of forage during the last 3 to 4 wk prepartum is a traditional approach to help the rumen "adapt" to the traditional diets fed at the onset of lactation. Increasing grain/concentrate in the diet changes ruminal fermentation and in sheep and goats elicits marked changes in mRNA expression of immune-related genes in ruminal epithelium. Whether such changes at the epithelial and systemic levels occur in dairy cows when the dietary energy content increases at a fixed level of concentrate is unknown...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916025/oral-manifestations-of-nutritional-disorders
#3
Stanislav N Tolkachjov, Alison J Bruce
Nutritional deficiencies occur when body metabolic requirements are not matched by intake and absorption. Reasons for this discrepancy are numerous, but often social, economic, medical, and even psychiatric factors may play a role. Vitamins and minerals are required for appropriate rapid cell turnover of the oral mucosa. The oral cavity is a unique anatomic environment that may manifest early signs of nutritional disorders as well as other indicators of systemic disease. Knowledge of these oral manifestations and associated findings will allow a practitioner to consider a nutritional disorder when evaluating oral changes and, in turn, initiate appropriate therapy...
September 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913958/preoperative-nutritional-management-of-bariatric-patients-in-australia-the-current-practice-of-dietitians
#4
Ruth Bourne, Judith Tweedie, Fiona Pelly
AIM: The aim of this observational study was to investigate the reported practices of Australian dietitians managing bariatric surgery patients in the preoperative stage. METHODS: An online survey of dietitians providing nutritional care to bariatric patients was developed for the purpose of this investigation. The survey questions were guided by the Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Perioperative Nutritional, Metabolic and Nonsurgical Support of the Bariatric Surgery Patient guidelines and current literature...
September 15, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911680/effect-of-storage-temperature-and-time-on-the-nutritional-quality-of-walnut-male-inflorescences
#5
Wen-E Zhang, Chang-Lei Wang, Bin-Bin Shi, Xue-Jun Pan
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of storage temperature and time on nutrients, bioactive compounds, and antioxidant activities of walnut male inflorescences. The results showed that the moisture, saccharides, fat, protein, amino acids, ascorbic acid, phenolic and flavonoid compound contents, and antioxidant activities of walnut male inflorescences were markedly influenced by storage temperature, and different degrees of decrease in these parameters were observed during the entire storage period...
April 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902316/dietary-intake-and-adequacy-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-mexican-older-adults-results-from-two-national-health-and-nutrition-surveys
#6
Vanessa De la Cruz-Góngora, Brenda Martínez-Tapia, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Mario Flores-Aldana, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Objective: To describe energy and nutrient intakes and their adequacies in older Mexican adults participating in the National Health and Nutrition Survey (Ensanut) 2006 and 2012. Materials and methods: Dietary information was obtained through a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) from 526 adults 60 y and older participating in Ensanut 2012 and 3 326 in Ensanut 2006 in Mexico. Quantile and logistic regression models were used to obtain medians and marginal effects of each nutrient, adjusting by confounders and survey design...
May 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901336/vitamin-d-and-probiotics-supplement-use-in-young-children-with-genetic-risk-for-type-1-diabetes
#7
J Yang, R N Tamura, U M Uusitalo, C A Aronsson, K Silvis, A Riikonen, N Frank, G Joslowski, C Winkler, J M Norris, S M Virtanen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin D and probiotics are nutrients of interest in the context of type 1 diabetes (T1D). We assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with vitamin D and probiotic supplementations among young children with genetic risk of T1D. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Use of supplements during the first 2 years of life was collected prospectively from 8674 children in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study. RESULTS: Single and/or multivitamin/mineral (MVM) supplements were reported by 81% of the children...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895389/study-of-nutritional-value-of-dried-tea-leaves-and-infusions-of-black-green-and-white-teas-from-chinese-plantations
#8
Maria Czernicka, Grzegorz Zaguła, Marcin Bajcar, Bogdan Saletnik, Czesław Puchalski
Background: The processing of tea leaves determines the contents of bioactive ingredients, hence it should be expected that each variety of tea, black, red or green, will represent a different package of compounds of physiological importance. Taste and aroma, as well as price and brand are the main factors impacting consumers’ preferences with regard to tea of their choice; on the other hand consumers less frequently pay attention to the chemical composition and nutritional value of tea...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893530/-combination-of-phosphorus-solubilizing-and-mobilizing-fungi-with-phosphate-rocks-and-volcanic-materials-to-promote-plant-growth-of-lettuce-lactuca-sativa-l
#9
María S Velázquez, Marta N Cabello, Lorena A Elíades, María L Russo, Natalia Allegrucci, Santiago Schalamuk
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) increase the uptake of soluble phosphates, while phosphorus solubilizing fungi (S) promote solubilization of insoluble phosphates complexes, favoring plant nutrition. Another alternative to maintaining crop productivity is to combine minerals and rocks that provide nutrients and other desirable properties. The aim of this work was to combine AMF and S with pyroclastic materials (ashes and pumices) from Puyehue volcano and phosphate rocks (PR) from Rio Chico Group (Chubut) - to formulate a substrate for the production of potted Lactuca sativa...
September 8, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890765/evaluation-of-nutritional-composition-of-the-dried-seaweed-ulva-lactuca-from-pameungpeuk-waters-indonesia
#10
Abdullah Rasyid
The nutritional composition of the dried seaweed Ulva lactuca from Pameungpeuk waters, including proximate, vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre and heavy metal has been carried out. The objective of this present study is to know the nutritional composition of the dried seaweed U. lactuca for utilisation in human nutrition in the future. Results show that carbohydrate was the major component in the proximate analysis of U. lactuca in the present study. The carbohydrate content was 58.1%. Moisture, ash, protein and fat content were 16...
July 2017: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889974/ionotropic-receptors-mediate-drosophila-oviposition-preference-through-sour-gustatory-receptor-neurons
#11
Yan Chen, Hubert Amrein
Carboxylic acids are present in many foods, being especially abundant in fruits. Yet, relatively little is known about how acids are detected by gustatory systems and whether they have a potential role in nutrition or provide other health benefits. Here we identify sour gustatory receptor neurons (GRNs) in tarsal taste sensilla of Drosophila melanogaster. We find that most tarsal sensilla harbor a sour GRN that is specifically activated by carboxylic and mineral acids but does not respond to sweet- and bitter-tasting chemicals or salt...
August 31, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888464/minerals-profile-of-two-globe-artichoke-cultivars-as-affected-by-npk-fertilizer-regimes
#12
Sara Lombardo, Gaetano Pandino, Giovanni Mauromicale
Globe artichoke is a proven source of various minerals (such as K, Fe and Zn) in the Mediterranean diet, but their content in response to fertilizer regime has not yet been investigated sufficiently. Thus, we monitored the effect of two contrasting nitrogen/phosphorus/potassium (NPK) fertilizer regimes (one balanced and the other excessive) on the minerals accumulation of 'Apollo' and 'Tema 2000' cultivars, grown in three Sicilian locations ('Landolina', 'Iannarello' and 'Zotto') - South Italy. Except for total nitrogen, the balanced fertilizer regime favoured the accumulation of both macro- and micro-minerals, but with a different extent depending especially on trial location...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888145/nmr-based-identification-of-the-major-bioactive-molecules-from-an-italian-cultivar-of-lycium-barbarum
#13
Annalisa Lopatriello, Rosario Previtera, Simona Pace, Markus Werner, Luigi Rubino, Oliver Werz, Orazio Taglialatela-Scafati, Martino Forino
Lycium barbarum (Solanaceae), long known to the traditional Chinese medicine because of its many health-promoting effects, has of late spread widely across the Western hemisphere, mainly on account of the nutritional richness in vitamins, minerals and antioxidant metabolites of its fruits. Data on bioactive metabolites from fruits and leaves, which are commonly consumed in soups and salads, are scarce and sometimes even contradictory. By means of NMR, the present study identified the specialised products contained in an Italian cultivar of L...
September 6, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887684/plant-based-nutrition-an-essential-component-of-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Hena Patel, Sonal Chandra, Sarah Alexander, Jeffrey Soble, Kim Allan Williams
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize and discuss the role of plant-based nutrition as an adjunct to the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Discussion of nutrition and the benefits of a plant-based diet should be highlighted during healthcare provider visits as an essential part of the overall CVD prevention and management care plan. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of predominantly plant-based foods, such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, is associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD...
September 8, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886317/potential-of-laurencia-obtusa-as-a-substrate-for-the-development-of-a-probiotic-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#15
F Caf, Ö Yilmaz, N Şen Özdemir
Laurencia obtusa (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) has tremendous nutritional value, being high in proteins, oligosaccharides, vitamins, essential minerals, and fatty acids, and it is a rich source of amino acids and trace elements. In this study, L. obtusa was extracted and subjected to phenolic, sugar and flavonoid analyses.The fatty acid, vitamin and phytosterol contents in Saccharomyces cerevisiae were evaluated when it was incubated with L. obtusa dry biomass. The fatty acids in the lipid extract were analysed after converting them into methyl esters using gas chromatography, and vitamin concentrations were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)...
August 30, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879012/essential-oil-optimizes-the-susceptibility-of-callosobruchus-maculatus-and-enhances-the-nutritional-qualities-of-stored-cowpea-vigna-unguiculata
#16
Mazarin Akami, Hamada Chakira, Awawing A Andongma, Kanjana Khaeso, Olajire A Gbaye, Njintang Y Nicolas, E-N Nukenine, Chang-Ying Niu
The intensive use of synthetic pesticides in cowpea storage has led to the development of resistance by Callosobruchus maculatus and subsequent degradation of grain quality. In an attempt to circumvent these constraints, the susceptibility of C. maculatus to 2,2-dichlorovinyldimethyl phosphate (DDVP) and Lippia adoensis essential oil (EO) was investigated and variations in the proportions of nutritional values of treated grains 150 days after storage were assessed. The survival rate was recorded after five generations...
August 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875607/the-role-of-overweight-and-obesity-on-bone-health-in-korean-adolescents-with-a-focus-on-lean-and-fat-mass
#17
Hwa Young Kim, Hae Woon Jung, Hyunsook Hong, Jae Hyun Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Young Ah Lee
As the associations between pediatric overweight/obesity and bone health remain controversial, we investigated the effects of overweight/obesity as well as lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM) on bone parameters in adolescents. Bone parameters were evaluated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) data of 982 adolescents (aged 12-19 years) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009-2010). Z-scores for LM, FM, bone mass, bone mineral density (BMD), and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) using Korean pediatric reference values were used for analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873690/nutritional-compound-analysis-and-morphological-characterization-of-spider-plant-cleome-gynandra-an-african-indigenous-leafy-vegetable
#18
Emmanuel O Omondi, Christof Engels, Godfrey Nambafu, Monika Schreiner, Susanne Neugart, Mary Abukutsa-Onyango, Traud Winkelmann
Spider plant is among the important indigenous African leafy vegetables having the potential to contribute to food and nutritional security in sub-Saharan Africa. The main objective of this study was to quantify the mineral concentration, to identify and quantify glucosinolates and flavonoids in spider plant and further to characterize spider plant entries using important morphological traits. Thirty spider plant entries from different African countries, comprising of farmers' cultivars, gene bank accessions and advanced lines were grown in a field experiment and harvested for leaves, stems, flowers and siliques at different developmental stages...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873617/nutritional-and-bioactive-potential-of-myrtaceae-fruits-during-ripening
#19
Siluana Katia Tischer Seraglio, Mayara Schulz, Priscila Nehring, Fabiana Della Betta, Andressa Camargo Valese, Heitor Daguer, Luciano Valdemiro Gonzaga, Roseane Fett, Ana Carolina Oliveira Costa
This study aimed to characterize jabuticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora), guabiju (Myrcianthes pungens), and jambolan (Syzygium cumini) in relation to its individual phenolic compounds (LC-ESI-MS/MS), antioxidant capacity, total monomeric anthocyanin, sugars, and minerals during ripening (intermediate and ripe stages). In the three studied fruits, 22 phenolic compounds were quantified, especially phenolic acids and flavonoids, which presented a higher concentration in the intermediate ripening stage. In contrast, the total monomeric anthocyanin, fructose, glucose, Ca, Na values were higher in the ripe stage...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873585/chemical-composition-and-food-uses-of-teff-eragrostis-tef
#20
REVIEW
Fan Zhu
Teff (Eragrostis tef) is a cereal native to Ethiopia and Eritrea. It has an excellent adaptability to harsh environmental conditions and plays an important role in food security. In recent years, teff is becoming globally popular due to the attractive nutritional profile such as gluten free and high dietary fiber content. This review documents the recent advances in the genetic diversity, nutritional composition and food uses of teff grain. The attractive nutrients of teff include protein, dietary fiber, polyphenols, and certain minerals...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
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