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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213031/antimicrobial-resistance-and-its-association-with-tolerance-to-heavy-metals-in-agriculture-production
#1
REVIEW
Zhongyi Yu, Lynda Gunn, Patrick Wall, Séamus Fanning
Antimicrobial resistance is a recognized public health challenge that since its emergence limits the therapeutic options available to veterinarians and clinicians alike, when treatment is warranted. This development is further compounded by the paucity of new antibiotics. The agri-food industry benefits from the availability of antimicrobial compounds for food-animal production and crop protection. Nonetheless, their improper use can result in the selection for bacteria that are phenotypically resistant to these compounds...
June 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210929/effect-of-boswellia-serrata-resin-supplementation-on-basic-chemical-and-mineral-element-composition-in-the-muscles-and-liver-of-broiler-chickens
#2
A R M Al-Yasiry, B Kiczorowska, W Samolińska
Supplementation of broiler chicken diets with resin rich in bioactive components, such as different boswellic acids, could improve productivity, chemical composition, and nutritive value of produced meat. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of different levels of Boswellia serrata (BSR) supplementation in broiler chicken diet on the basic chemical composition and the Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Zn, and Cu contents in the breast and drumstick muscles and liver. The analyses involved 200 Ross 308 chickens. The broiler chickens were fed with diets containing 0 (BSR0), 1...
February 16, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208814/adequacy-of-usual-vitamin-and-mineral-intake-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents-enalia-study
#3
Ana M López-Sobaler, Aránzazu Aparicio, Liliana G González-Rodríguez, Esther Cuadrado-Soto, Josefa Rubio, Victoria Marcos, Rosa Sanchidrián, Sara Santos, Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Marian Ángeles Dal Re, Carmen Villar, Teresa Robledo, J Javier Castrodeza, Rosa M Ortega
Background: The National Dietary Survey on the Child and Adolescent Population in Spain (ENALIA) provides data to assess the usual micronutrient intake among Spanish infants, children, and adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional survey (November 2012-July 2014) of a representative sample of Spanish children and adolescents (six months-17 years) (n = 1862). Dietary information was collected using two non-consecutive one-day food diaries (six months-10 years old) or two 24 h dietary recalls (11 years and older) separated by at least 14 days...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207797/mutation-increasing-%C3%AE-carotene-concentrations-does-not-adversely-affect-concentrations-of-essential-mineral-elements-in-pepper-fruit
#4
Nasya B Tomlekova, Philip J White, Jacqueline A Thompson, Emil A Penchev, Stephan Nielen
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are prevalent in human populations throughout the world. Vitamin A deficiency affects hundreds of millions of pre-school age children in low income countries. Fruits of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) can be a major dietary source of precursors to Vitamin A biosynthesis, such as β-carotene. Recently, pepper breeding programs have introduced the orange-fruited (of) trait of the mutant variety Oranzheva kapiya, which is associated with high fruit β-carotene concentrations, to the mutant variety Albena...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204901/the-effect-of-hydration-status-on-the-measurement-of-lean-tissue-mass-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#5
Clodagh M Toomey, William G McCormack, Phil Jakeman
PURPOSE: Athletes cycle between exercise and recovery. Exercise invokes changes in total body water from thermal sweating, muscle and hepatic glycogen depletion and metabolic water loss. Recovery from exercise results in rehydration, substrate repletion, and possible glycogen supercompensation. Such changes may corrupt the measurement of hydrated tissues, such as lean tissue mass (LTM), by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise and thermal dehydration and subsequent glycogen supercompensation on DXA-based measurement of body composition...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202272/long-term-nutritional-status-in-patients-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#6
Kemal Dogan, Jens Homan, Edo O Aarts, Hans de Boer, Cees J H M van Laarhoven, Frits J Berends
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for obesity. However, it also leads to multiple nutritional deficiencies. Much is known about the short term prevalence, but hardly any long term data is available on deficiencies. The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome of nutritional status after RYGB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data obtained from 51 morbidly obese patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic RYGB...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202095/the-effects-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplementation-on-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
J Firth, B Stubbs, J Sarris, S Rosenbaum, S Teasdale, M Berk, A R Yung
BACKGROUND: When used as an adjunctive with antipsychotics, certain vitamins and minerals may be effective for improving symptomatic outcomes of schizophrenia, by restoring nutritional deficits, reducing oxidative stress, or modulating neurological pathways. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting effects of vitamin and/or mineral supplements on psychiatric symptoms in people with schizophrenia. Random-effects meta-analyses were used to calculate the standardized mean difference between nutrient and placebo treatments...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193168/genome-wide-snp-identification-linkage-map-construction-and-qtl-mapping-for-seed-mineral-concentrations-and-contents-in-pea-pisum-sativum-l
#8
Yu Ma, Clarice J Coyne, Michael A Grusak, Michael Mazourek, Peng Cheng, Dorrie Main, Rebecca J McGee
BACKGROUND: Marker-assisted breeding is now routinely used in major crops to facilitate more efficient cultivar improvement. This has been significantly enabled by the use of next-generation sequencing technology to identify loci and markers associated with traits of interest. While rich in a range of nutritional components, such as protein, mineral nutrients, carbohydrates and several vitamins, pea (Pisum sativum L.), one of the oldest domesticated crops in the world, remains behind many other crops in the availability of genomic and genetic resources...
February 13, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190656/living-status-and-frequency-of-eating-out-of-home-foods-in-relation-to-nutritional-adequacy-in-4-017-japanese-female-dietetic-students-aged-18-20-years-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#9
Satomi Kobayashi, Keiko Asakura, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: Living status (e.g., living with family or alone) may affect dietary habits. We compared nutritional adequacy according to living status and the frequency of eating out-of-home foods in young Japanese women. METHODS: Female dietetic students (aged 18-20 years; n = 4,017) participated in a cross-sectional multicenter study, which was conducted in 85 dietetic schools in 35 of 47 prefectures in Japan. Habitual dietary intake was assessed with a validated diet history questionnaire...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182104/phytoconstituents-and-nutritional-properties-of-the-fruits-of-eleutherococcus-divaricatus-and-eleutherococcus-sessiliflorus-a-study-of-non-european-species-cultivated-in-poland
#10
Daniel Załuski, Marta Olech, Robert Verpoorte, Inamullah Khan, Rafał Kuźniewski, Renata Nowak
Eleutherococcus fruits have been consumed in Russia and Asia throughout the centuries. Currently, there is an increasing interest in these products by the community of Western Europe. Many people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies, known as malnutrition, which consequently influences body condition. The aim of this study was to investigate pharmaconutrition, proximate, mineral, and fatty acid composition, total phenolics content, and total flavonoids content of Eleutherococcus divaricatus and Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus fruits cultivated in Poland...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175980/spine-fracture-prevalence-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-women-and-men-aged-%C3%A2-40-years-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2013-2014
#11
F Cosman, J H Krege, A C Looker, J T Schousboe, B Fan, N Sarafrazi Isfahani, J A Shepherd, K D Krohn, P Steiger, K E Wilson, H K Genant
: Spine fracture prevalence is similar in men and women, increasing from <5 % in those <60 to 11 % in those 70-79 and 18 % in those ≥80 years. Prevalence was higher with age, lower bone mineral density (BMD), and in those meeting criteria for spine imaging. Most subjects with spine fractures were unaware of them. INTRODUCTION: Spine fractures have substantial medical significance but are seldom recognized. This study collected contemporary nationally representative spine fracture prevalence data...
February 7, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175063/p237-hair-mineral-and-trace-element-contents-as-reliable-markers-of-nutritional-status-compared-to-serum-levels-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
H R Yang, J M Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171220/prevention-of-nitrosative-stress-by-a-nutritional-supplement-lavita%C3%A2-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial-with-healthy-volunteers
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A common pathomechanism involved in many degenerative manifestations of non-communicable diseases is nitrosative stress, giving rise to a chronic insidious inflammation causing silent inflammation at a cellular level. The release of nitric oxide inhibits multiple enzyme reactions with reduced oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial ATP depletion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We hypothesized that enzyme-inhibition can be alleviated by micronutrient supply, and studied laboratory parameters associated with nitrosative stress (nitrotyrosine, mitochondrial activity) after a micronutrient supplementation (a multivitamin mineral and trace element formulation as verum: LaVita®) and a placebo in healthy volunteers (n=150) for six months...
October 8, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168597/the-role-of-nutritional-supplements-in-the-treatment-of-adhd-what-the-evidence-says
#14
REVIEW
Klaus W Lange, Joachim Hauser, Katharina M Lange, Ewelina Makulska-Gertruda, Yukiko Nakamura, Andreas Reissmann, Yuko Sakaue, Tomoyuki Takano, Yoshihiro Takeuchi
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder in children and adolescents and may persist into adulthood. Insufficient nutritional supply of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) and other components including various minerals has been suggested to play a role in the development of ADHD symptoms. This review presents the evidence regarding the role of nutritional PUFA, zinc, iron, and magnesium supplements in the treatment of ADHD with a focus on the critical evaluation of the relevant literature published from 2014 to April 2016...
February 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167953/biofortification-in-millets-a-sustainable-approach-for-nutritional-security
#15
REVIEW
A Vinoth, R Ravindhran
Nutritional insecurity is a major threat to the world's population that is highly dependent on cereals-based diet, deficient in micronutrients. Next to cereals, millets are the primary sources of energy in the semi-arid tropics and drought-prone regions of Asia and Africa. Millets are nutritionally superior as their grains contain high amount of proteins, essential amino acids, minerals, and vitamins. Biofortification of staple crops is proved to be an economically feasible approach to combat micronutrient malnutrition...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167022/differences-in-nutritional-quality-between-wild-and-domesticated-forms-of-barley-and-emmer-wheat
#16
REVIEW
Kim Henrik Hebelstrup
Grasses such as wheat and barley constitute some of the main crops currently cultivated worldwide. Cultivation of wild cereals such as Hordeum spontaneum (wild barley) and Triticum diccocoides (wild emmer) started in southwest Asia. Despite the many studies on the origins of agriculture and plant domestication, surprisingly few studies have discussed the importance of the nutritional quality of barley and emmer wheat in their evolution. A comparison of domesticated forms of these cereals with their wild progenitors suggests an evolution towards bigger grains with higher glycemic loads in the form of higher relative starch content with lower relative protein, fiber and mineral contents...
March 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163777/hospitalization-cost-of-conventional-psychiatric-care-compared-to-broad-spectrum-micronutrient-treatment-literature-review-and-case-study-of-adult-psychosis
#17
Bonnie J Kaplan, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Jeffrey S Hoch
BACKGROUND: Healthcare costs are skyrocketing, with mental health treatment amongst the most expensive, especially when hospitalization is involved. According to the Mental Health Commission of Canada, one in five Canadians is living with a mental disorder in any given year, at an annual cost of $50 billion. In light of this societal burden, alternative approaches are being evaluated, such as brief psychotherapy by phone, peer support, and, as part of the emerging field of nutritional mental health, treatment with micronutrients (minerals and vitamins)...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161887/evaluation-of-vitamin-and-trace-element-requirements-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-at-long-term
#18
Silvia Pellitero, Eva Martínez, Rocío Puig, Alba Leis, Roxanna Zavala, María Luisa Granada, Cruz Pastor, Pau Moreno, Jordi Tarascó, Manel Puig-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Nutritional deficiencies are common after bariatric surgery, but data are scarce after sleeve gastrectomy (SG) at long term. METHODS: We performed a prospective nutritional status evaluation before and at 2 and 5 years after SG in morbid obese patients receiving mulvitamin and mineral supplementation at a Spanish university hospital. One hundred seventy-six patients (49.3 ± 9.1 years and 46.7 ± 7.4 kg/m(2)) were evaluated; 51 of them were followed during 5 years...
February 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159827/physiological-responses-and-gene-co-expression-network-of-mycorrhizal-roots-under-k-deprivation
#19
Kevin Garcia, Deborah Chasman, Sushmita Roy, Jean-Michel Ane
Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) associations enhance the phosphorous and nitrogen nutrition of host plants, but little is known about their role in potassium (K+) nutrition. Medicago truncatula plants were co-cultured with the AM fungus Rhizophagus irregularis under high and low K+ regimes for six weeks. We determined how K+ deprivation affects plant development, mineral acquisition, and how these negative effects are tempered by the AM colonization. The transcriptional response of AM roots under K+ deficiency was analyzed by whole genome RNA-seq...
February 3, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157487/comparison-of-body-composition-and-adipokine-levels-between-thin-and-normal-weight-prepubertal-children
#20
Jadwiga Ambroszkiewicz, Joanna Gajewska, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Grażyna Rowicka, Witold Klemarczyk, Magdalena Chełchowska
OBJECTIVE: Thinness can have substantial consequences for child development and health. Adipokines, including leptin and adiponectin, play a significant role in the regulation of important metabolic functions. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between body composition and serum leptin and adiponectin levels in thin and normal-weight children. METHODS: The authors examined 100 healthy prepubertal children, who were divided into two subgroups: thin (n=50) and normal-weight children (n=50)...
February 1, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
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