keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mineral nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773201/school-meals-centesimal-and-mineral-composition-and-their-nutritional-value-for-brazilian-children
#1
Fabiana C O França, Iziane S Andrade, Mariangela V Lopes Silva, Maurício S Lordêlo, Renata G Costa, José A Menezes-Filho
The assessment of meals served under the Brazilian National School Meal Program (PNAE) is an important tool to verify its adequacy to the proposed parameters and the nutritional needs of school-aged children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the centesimal and mineral composition of the meals offered by the program and adequacy to the nutritional recommendations in three municipalities of the state of Bahia, Brazil. Centesimal composition of meals was determined according to the reference guidelines and mineral composition was analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772827/physicochemical-nutritional-and-organoleptic-characterization-of-a-skimmed-goat-milk-fermented-with-the-probiotic-strain-lactobacillus-plantarum-c4
#2
Miriam Moreno-Montoro, Miguel Navarro-Alarcón, Triana Bergillos-Meca, Rafael Giménez-Martínez, Silvia Sánchez-Hernández, Manuel Olalla-Herrera
The benefits of goat milk, fermented milks, and probiotics for the humans are well documented. In this study, a novel fermented goat milk was manufactured with the putative probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum C4 together with L. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus . Ultrafiltration was chosen as the skimmed milk concentration method because it produced the best viscosity and syneresis and a high casein content. The viability rate of all bacterial strains was >10⁷ cfu/mL, even after 5 weeks of storage or after in vitro gastrointestinal digestion, which is especially important for exertion of the probiotic strain functionalities...
May 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768574/growth-yield-and-grain-nutritional-quality-in-three-brazilian-pearl-millets-pennisetum-americanum-l-with-african-or-indian-origins
#3
Leonardo O Medici, Fabíola V Gonçalves, Marcos Paulo S DA Fonseca, Salete A Gaziola, Daiana Schmidt, Ricardo A Azevedo, Carlos Pimentel
In this study, we are presenting recommendations to the best agricultural use as well as for plant breeding of three millet cultivars namely ENA1 and ENA2, which have African origin, and BRS1501 originally from India. These cultivars were evaluated for growth, yield and grain quality traits. The morphological traits evaluated in this study indicated that the African genotypes ENA1 and ENA2 are better than the Indian genotype BRS1501 for no-till farming or to produce forage with 15% of crude protein at flowering and at harvest to produce stover (around 7% of crude protein content) for livestock feeding...
May 14, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767133/intestinal-challenge-with-enterotoxigenic-escherichia-coli-in-pigs-and-nutritional-intervention-to-prevent-postweaning-diarrhea
#4
REVIEW
Yawang Sun, Sung Woo Kim
Gut health of nursery pigs immediately after weaning is tightly associated with their growth performance and economic values. Postweaning diarrhea (PWD) is one of the major concerns related to gut health of nursery pigs which often is caused by infections of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), mainly including F4 (K88)+ and F18+ E. coli. The main virulence factors of ETEC are adhesins (fimbriae or pili) and enterotoxins. The common types of fimbriae on ETEC from PWD pigs are F18+ and F4+ . Typically, PWD in pigs is associated with both F18+ and F4+ ETEC infections whereas pre-weaning diarrhea in pigs is associated with F4+ ETEC infection...
December 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767119/recent-advances-in-sturgeon-nutrition
#5
REVIEW
Silas S O Hung
Sturgeons are fish species of biological and economical importance, and most of them are endangered, vulnerable or rare because of their large size, late sexual maturity, long period between spawning, and longevity. These unique biological characteristics make them highly susceptible to overfishing, degradation of habitat and spawning ground, and contamination of water and sediments by pollutants. The objective of the current review is not to exhaustively include all studies on sturgeon nutrient requirements and utilizations conducted under laboratory conditions, but to critique some studies and update previous reviews...
September 2017: Animal nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766695/analysis-of-nutrition-and-nutritional-status-of-haemodialysis-patients
#6
Anna Bogacka, Anna Sobczak-Czynsz, Elżbieta Kucharska, Małgorzata Madaj, Katarzyna Stucka
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common disease of civilization where nutrition is part of the treatment. Diet therapy is difficult as it is necessary to control the intake of: energy, protein and minerals – Na, K, Ca and P in the daily food rations (DFR). Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional status and diets of haemodialysis (HD) patients. Material and method: The study involved 141 haemodialysis patients, at the average age of 65...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#7
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766678/association-between-bone-mineral-density-and-albuminuria-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-v-2
#8
Tae Yang Yu, Ha Young Kim, Jeong Mi Lee, Dae Ho Lee, Chung Gu Cho
BACKGROUND: Albuminuria is known to be independently associated with progression of renal and cardiovascular disease. However, little is known regarding the exact relationship between albuminuria and bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of this population-based study conducted in Korea was to identify the association between albuminuria and BMD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2) 2011...
May 4, 2018: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762915/women-s-periconceptional-diet-and-risk-of-biliary-atresia-in-offspring
#9
Suzan L Carmichael, Chen Ma, Alissa R Van Zutphen, Cynthia A Moore, Gary M Shaw
INTRODUCTION: We examined the association of biliary atresia with maternal dietary intake, using National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS) data from 152 cases and 11,112 nonmalformed controls born 1997-2011. METHODS: NBDPS is a multisite, population-based case-control study. Exposure data were from maternal telephone interviews, which included a food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were generated from logistic regression models that included nutritional factors as continuous variables and were adjusted for energy intake only or energy intake plus covariates (maternal race-ethnicity, education, age, prepregnancy body mass index, vitamin/mineral supplement intake, conception during summer)...
May 15, 2018: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758499/interference-of-three-herbicides-on-iron-acquisition-in-maize-plants
#10
Maria Luce Bartucca, Alessandro Di Michele, Daniele Del Buono
The use of herbicides to control weed species could lead to environmental threats due to their persistence and accumulation in the ecosystems and cultivated fields. Nonetheless, the effect of these compounds on plant mineral nutrition in crops has been barely investigated. This study aimed at ascertaining the effect of three herbicides (S-metolachlor, metribuzin and terbuthylazine) on the capacity of maize to acquire iron (Fe). Interferences on plant growth and reductions on the Fe contents were found in the plants treated...
May 7, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757965/nutrition-of-six-selected-neo-tropical-mammals-in-trinidad-and-tobago-with-the-potential-for-domestication
#11
REVIEW
Kavita Ranjeeta Lall, Kegan Romelle Jones, Gary Wayne Garcia
This review highlights the available literature on the nutrition of six neo-tropical animals with the potential for domestication-the agouti ( Dasyprocta leporina / D. aguti ), lappe ( Agouti paca ), capybara ( Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris ), manicou/opossum ( Didelphis marsupialis insularis ), collared peccary ( Peccary tajucu ) and the red brokcet deer ( Mazama americana ). Over 100 references were used, spanning over 100 years. The earliest being 1915 and the most recent being 2018. The references used in this review were synthesized to give a detailed look of the dentition, anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract and type of feed these animals consume...
May 14, 2018: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755482/silicon-improves-chilling-tolerance-during-early-growth-of-maize-by-effects-on-micronutrient-homeostasis-and-hormonal-balances
#12
Narges Moradtalab, Markus Weinmann, Frank Walker, Birgit Höglinger, Uwe Ludewig, Guenter Neumann
Low soil temperature in spring is a major constraint for the cultivation of tropical and subtropical crops in temperate climates, associated with inhibition of root growth and activity, affecting early growth and frequently plant performance and final yield. This study was initiated to investigate the physiological base of cold-protective effects induced by supplementation with silicon (Si), widely recommended as a stress-protective mineral nutrient. Maize was used as a cold-sensitive model plant, exposed to chilling stress and low root-zone temperature (RZT) during early growth in a lab to field approach...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753479/production-of-calcium-and-magnesium-enriched-caseins-and-caseinates-by-an-ecofriendly-technology
#13
Félix-André Masson, Sergey Mikhaylin, Laurent Bazinet
Finding new green ways of producing proteins has never been of such critical public interest, both to meet consumers' needs and to preserve the environment. Milk proteins are among the most attractive protein types due to their high nutritional value and attractive functional properties. In this work, the separation of caseins by conventional chemical acidification was compared with electrodialysis with bipolar membrane coupled to an ultrafiltration module (EDBM-UF), a green process that allows the precipitation of caseins by H+ generated in situ by the bipolar membrane and, simultaneously, the production of a separated NaOH stream from OH- electrogenerated by the bipolar membrane...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751733/intestinal-absorption-of-fructose
#14
Ronaldo P Ferraris, Jun-Yong Choe, Chirag R Patel
Increased understanding of fructose metabolism, which begins with uptake via the intestine, is important because fructose now constitutes a physiologically significant portion of human diets and is associated with increased incidence of certain cancers and metabolic diseases. New insights in our knowledge of intestinal fructose absorption mediated by the facilitative glucose transporter GLUT5 in the apical membrane and by GLUT2 in the basolateral membrane are reviewed. We begin with studies related to structure as well as ligand binding, then revisit the controversial proposition that apical GLUT2 is the main mediator of intestinal fructose absorption...
May 11, 2018: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750126/vitamin-d-intake-among-premenopausal-women-living-in-jeddah-food-sources-and-relationship-to-demographic-factors-and-bone-health
#15
Tahani A Zareef, Robert T Jackson, Abdulkareem A Alkahtani
Background: Saudi women depend on food sources to maintain their serum 25(OH) D concentrations because covering by traditional clothing and time spent indoors limit their sun exposure. Little is known about vitamin D intake and its main food sources in Saudi Arabia. In addition, the association between vitamin D and calcium intake and bone mineral density (BMD) in young women is not well researched. Objectives: To assess the adequacy of vitamin D intake among Saudi women as compared to the estimated average requirements (EARs), to identify dietary vitamin D sources, to examine potential determinants of vitamin D intake, and to assess bone health and the association of calcium and vitamin D intake with BMD...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746791/preferential-accumulation-of-inorganic-elements-in-amanita-muscaria-from-north-eastern-poland
#16
Krzysztof Lipka, Martyna Saba, Jerzy Falandysz
Concentrations of Al, Ba, Cd, Ca, Co, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Hg, Rb, Ag, Na, Sr and Zn were analysed in fruiting bodies of A. muscaria. This mushroom is considered conditionally edible, since parboiling can detoxify its fruiting bodies from the hallucinogens and render it edible. The specific purpose of the research is the little-known phenomenon of the variability of mineral composition of mushrooms for generations harvested in the same forest areas - both in terms of their nutritional value and anthropogenic influences...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746701/nitrogen-retention-energy-and-amino-acid-digestibility-of-wheat-bran-without-or-with-multicarbohydrase-and-phytase-supplementation-fed-to-broiler-chickens
#17
Connie Gallardo, Julio Cezar Dadalt, Messias Alves Trindade Neto
The study was conducted to determine the effects of multicarbohydrase (MC) preparation (700 U α-galactosidase, 2,200 U galactomannanase, 3,000 U xylanase, and 22,000 U β-glucanase per kg of diet) and phytase (Phy, 500 FTU per kg of diet) supplementation on the nutritive value of wheat bran (WB) in broiler chicks. Trial 1 determined retention of nutrients and apparent metabolizable energy corrected by nitrogen (AMEn). One reference diet (RD) protein-free (85% corn based) was fortified to determine the WB nutrient retention coefficient...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742682/lipid-accumulation-product-and-visceral-adiposity-index-are-associated-with-dietary-patterns-in-adult-americans
#18
Mohsen Mazidi, Hong-Kai Gao, Andre Pascal Kengne
In the present study, we aimed to examine the association between lipid accumulation product (LAP) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) with dietary pattern (DP) in the US adults. Participants of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) with data available on dietary intake from 2005 to 2010 were included. DPs were derived by principal component analysis. We applied analysis of covariance and multivariable-adjusted linear regressions accounting for the masked variance and utilizing the proposed weighting methodology...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738949/associations-of-urinary-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-with-bone-mass-density-and-osteoporosis-in-u-s-adults-nhanes-2005-2010
#19
Jing Guo, Yun Huang, Suchen Bian, Chuning Zhao, Yumin Jin, Dongdong Yu, Xinkai Wu, Dan Zhang, Weiming Cao, Fangyuan Jing, Guangdi Chen
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are environmental endocrine disruptors, which may modify the bone mineralization. However, epidemiological evidences on this issue were scant. We aimed to investigate the associations of PAHs with bone mass density (BMD) and osteoporosis based on a nationally-representative sample from general U.S. POPULATION: Data utilized were extracted from the 2005-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Nine urinary PAHs (U-PAHs) metabolites were measured as exposure biomarkers...
May 5, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737794/nutritional-composition-of-breast-milk-in-chinese-women-a-systematic-review
#20
Ting Yang, Liansheng Zhang, Wei Bao, Shuang Rong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As breast milk is considered nature's best food for infant growth and development, understanding its nutritional composition is crucial for optimising the components of infant formula milk. In this study, we aimed to summarise the available evidence on the nutritional composition of breast milk from Chinese women, in particular, the macronutrients, fatty acids and minerals. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Chinese databases for articles about human breast milk from Chinese women published in English or Chinese between 1999 and 2015...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
49291
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"