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Mineral nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531643/lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-containing-vitamins-and-minerals-attenuate-renal-electrolyte-loss-in-hiv-aids-patients-starting-antiretroviral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-zambia
#1
D Munkombwe, T L Muungo, C Michelo, P Kelly, S Chirwa, S Filteau
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Advanced HIV infection combined with undernutrition and antiretroviral therapy (ART) places HIV/AIDS patients at high risk of electrolyte abnormalities and increased morbidity and mortality. Here, in a sub-study of a large published randomized trial, we evaluated if nutritional supplements will help curtail renal electrolyte loss in HIV/AIDS patients starting ART. METHODS: 130 malnourished HIV-positive patients referred for ART received lipid-based nutrient supplements alone (LNS, n = 63) or together with vitamins and minerals (LNS-VM, n = 67)...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#2
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521835/adult-autoimmune-enteropathy-presenting-initially-with-acquired-acrodermatitis-enteropathica-a-case-report
#3
Erina Lie, Sarah Sung, Steven Hoseong Yang
BACKGROUND: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare dermatitis secondary to zinc deficiency most commonly seen as an inherited disease in infants. In the last decade, increased number of reports have been published on the acquired form that presents in adulthood. Unlike its inherited counterpart, acquired AE (AAE) is often secondary to underlying pathologic or iatrogenic etiologies that interfere with nutritional absorption, such as inflammatory bowel disease or alcoholism. Various gastrointestinal pathologies have been associated with AAE, but there is currently no report on its association with adult autoimmune enteropathy (AIE), a rare gastrointestinal disorder commonly seen in infants, with limited cases reported in adults...
May 18, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521524/a-first-glance-into-the-nutritional-properties-of-the-sea-cucumber-parastichopus-regalis-from-the-mediterranean-sea-se-spain
#4
Christina C Roggatz, Mercedes González-Wangüemert, Hugo Pereira, Catarina Vizetto-Duarte, Maria João Rodrigues, Luísa Barreira, Manuela Moreira da Silva, João Varela, Luísa Custódio
This work reports for the first time the nutritional profile, including proximate chemical composition, amino acids, fatty acids and minerals of Parastichopus regalis from the Mediterranean Sea (SE Spain). The studied species had a high moisture content, moderate protein and low lipid levels. The most abundant amino acids were glutamic acid, arginine and tyrosine. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially arachidonic acid, dominated the fatty acid profile. Iron, sodium, calcium and zinc were the most abundant mine rals...
May 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521510/differential-growth-promotion-of-poplar-and-birch-inoculated-with-three-dark-septate-endophytes-in-two-trace-element-contaminated-soils
#5
Charlotte Berthelot, Damien Blaudez, Corinne Leyval
Dark septate endophytes (DSEs) are abundant in stressful environments, including trace element- (TE-) enriched soils. However, knowledge about the effects of DSEs on plant growth in such soils is poor compared to the well-known mycorrhizal fungi. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of three DSE strains isolated from TE-contaminated soils on the growth and mineral nutrition of Betula pendula and Populus tremula x alba grown on two contrasting TE-polluted soils. The three DSEs evenly colonized the two plant species in both soils...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513792/evaluation-of-the-brazilian-population-s-intake-of-antioxidant-nutrients-and-their-relation-with-the-nutritional-status
#6
Camila Tureck, Gelvani Locateli, Vanesa Gesser Corrêa, Eloá Angélica Koehnlein
Introduction: The study of dietary antioxidants has gained prominence owing to the elucidation of the deleterious effects of oxidative stress to the human body. Objective: To evaluate the Brazilian population's intake of antioxidant nutrients and their association with the nutritional status. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out including secondary data on food consumption of 33,459 individuals from both sexes, aged 10 years or older, from all Brazilian regions based on microdata of the "2008-2009 Household Budget Survey, Brazilian Dairy Survey...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513571/fat-sugar-and-bone-health-a-complex-relationship
#7
REVIEW
Li Tian, Xijie Yu
With people aging, osteoporosis is expected to increase notably. Nutritional status is a relatively easily-modified risk factor, associated with many chronic diseases, and is involved in obesity, diabetes, and coronary heart disease (CHD), along with osteoporosis. Nutrients, such as fats, sugars, and proteins, play a primary function in bone metabolism and maintaining bone health. In Western nations, diets are generally high in saturated fats, however, currently, the nutritional patterns dominating in China continue to be high in carbohydrates from starch, cereals, and sugars...
May 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508334/a%C3%A2-survey-of-mycotoxin%C3%A2-contamination%C3%A2-and-chemical-composition-of-distiller-s-dried-grains-with-solubles-ddgs-imported-from-the%C3%A2-usa-into-saudi-arabia
#8
Alaeldein M Abudabos, Raed M Al-Atiyat, Rifat Ullah Khan
Distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) is a source of nutritional feedstuff for poultry farmers and industry. The DDGS is a by-product of ethanol industry and an economical feed source of energy, amino acids, crude fiber, minerals, and vitamins. The use of DDGS as a feed ingredient is a novel idea and little information is available on its dietary composition. Many factors such as the type of plants, locality, year of production, and the conditions during distillation process affect the chemical composition of DDGS...
May 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507551/deciphering-genomic-regions-for-high-grain-iron-and-zinc-content-using-association-mapping-in-pearl-millet
#9
N Anuradha, C Tara Satyavathi, C Bharadwaj, T Nepolean, S Mukesh Sankar, Sumer P Singh, Mahesh C Meena, Tripti Singhal, Rakesh K Srivastava
Micronutrient malnutrition, especially deficiency of two mineral elements, iron [Fe] and zinc [Zn] in the developing world needs urgent attention. Pearl millet is one of the best crops with many nutritional properties and is accessible to the poor. We report findings of the first attempt to mine favorable alleles for grain iron and zinc content through association mapping in pearl millet. An association mapping panel of 130 diverse lines was evaluated at Delhi, Jodhpur and Dharwad, representing all the three pearl millet growing agro-climatic zones of India, during 2014 and 2015...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505102/bone-protective-effects-of-dried-plum-in-postmenopausal-women-efficacy-and-possible-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Bahram H Arjmandi, Sarah A Johnson, Shirin Pourafshar, Negin Navaei, Kelli S George, Shirin Hooshmand, Sheau C Chai, Neda S Akhavan
Osteoporosis is an age-related chronic disease characterized by a loss of bone mass and quality, and is associated with an increased risk of fragility fractures. Postmenopausal women are at the greatest risk of developing osteoporosis due to the cessation in ovarian hormone production, which causes accelerated bone loss. As the demographic shifts to a more aged population, a growing number of postmenopausal women will be afflicted with osteoporosis. Certain lifestyle factors, including nutrition and exercise, are known to reduce the risk of developing osteoporosis and therefore play an important role in bone health...
May 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503185/phosphate-uptake-from-phytate-due-to-hyphae-mediated-phytase-activity-by-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-maize
#11
Xin-Xin Wang, Ellis Hoffland, Gu Feng, Thomas W Kuyper
Phytate is the most abundant form of soil organic phosphorus (P). Increased P nutrition of arbuscular mycorrhizal plants derived from phytate has been repeatedly reported. Earlier studies assessed acid phosphatase rather than phytase as an indication of mycorrhizal fungi-mediated phytate use. We investigated the effect of mycorrhizal hyphae-mediated phytase activity on P uptake by maize. Two maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars, non-inoculated or inoculated with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Funneliformis mosseae or Claroideoglomus etunicatum, were grown for 45 days in two-compartment rhizoboxes, containing a root compartment and a hyphal compartment...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503169/cytotoxicity-intestinal-transport-and-bioavailability-of-dispersible-iron-and-zinc-supplements
#12
Hyeon-Jin Kim, Song-Hwa Bae, Hyoung-Jun Kim, Kyoung-Min Kim, Jae Ho Song, Mi-Ran Go, Jin Yu, Jae-Min Oh, Soo-Jin Choi
Iron or zinc deficiency is one of the most important nutritional disorders which causes health problem. However, food fortification with minerals often induces unacceptable organoleptic changes during preparation process and storage, has low bioavailability and solubility, and is expensive. Nanotechnology surface modification to obtain novel characteristics can be a useful tool to overcome these problems. In this study, the efficacy and potential toxicity of dispersible Fe or Zn supplement coated in dextrin and glycerides (SunActive Fe(TM) and SunActive Zn(TM)) were evaluated in terms of cytotoxicity, intestinal transport, and bioavailability, as compared with each counterpart without coating, ferric pyrophosphate (FePP) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs), respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500994/salt-tolerance-mechanisms-induced-in-stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-effects-on-mineral-nutrition-antioxidative-metabolism-and-steviol-glycoside-content
#13
Daniel Cantabella, Abel Piqueras, José Ramón Acosta-Motos, Agustina Bernal-Vicente, José A Hernández, Pedro Díaz-Vivancos
In order to cope with challenges linked to climate change such as salinity, plants must develop a wide spectrum of physiological and molecular mechanisms to rapidly adapt. Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni plants are a case in point. According to our findings, salt stress has no significant effect on plant growth in these plants, which accumulate sodium (Na(+)) in their roots, thus avoiding excessive Na(+) accumulation in leaves. Furthermore, salt stress (NaCl stress) increases the potassium (K(+)), calcium (Ca(2+)), chloride ion (Cl(-)) and proline concentrations in Stevia leaves, which could contribute to osmotic adjustment...
April 26, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500804/a-large-outbreak-of-thiamine-deficiency-among-illegal-gold-miners-in-french-guiana
#14
Emilie Mosnier, Florence Niemetzky, Juliette Stroot, Vincent Pommier de Santi, Paul Brousse, Basma Guarmit, Denis Blanchet, Muriel Ville, Philippe Abboud, Felix Djossou, Mathieu Nacher
AbstractFrom September 2013 to July 2014, several gold miners working in the tropical forest consulted the Maripasoula Health Center in French Guiana for edema and findings consistent with right-sided cardiac failure. Of the 42 cases of beriberi that were diagnosed, one patient died. The laboratory and clinical investigation demonstrated vitamin B1 deficiency in most of the patients tested. Furthermore, 30 of 42 patients responded favorably to 500 mg of intravenous or intramuscular thiamine supplementation...
May 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495603/ethnopharmacological-uses-phytochemistry-biological-activities-and-therapeutic-applications-of-clinacanthus-nutans-burm-f-lindau-a-comprehensive-review
#15
REVIEW
Muhamad Noor Alfarizal Kamarudin, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Habsah Abdul Kadir, Long Chiau Ming
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Clinacanthus nutans (Burm. f.) Lindau, a widely used medicinal plant, is extensively grown in tropical Asia and Southeast Asian countries. C. nutans, with its broad spectrum of pharmacological activities, has been traditionally used to treat cancer, inflammatory disorders, diabetes, insect bites, and skin problems, consumed as a vegetable, mixed with fresh juices, in concoctions, and as a whole plant. The present review analyzes the advances in the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of C...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494365/a-critical-review-on-effects-tolerance-mechanisms-and-management-of-cadmium-in-vegetables
#16
REVIEW
Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Adrees, Muhammad Ibrahim, Daniel C W Tsang, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman, Zahir Ahmad Zahir, Jörg Rinklebe, Filip M G Tack, Yong Sik Ok
Cadmium (Cd) accumulation in vegetables is an important environmental issue that threatens human health globally. Understanding the response of vegetables to Cd stress and applying management strategies may help to reduce the Cd uptake by vegetables. The aim of the present review is to summarize the knowledge concerning the uptake and toxic effects of Cd in vegetables and the different management strategies to combat Cd stress in vegetables. Leafy vegetables grown in Cd contaminated soils potentially accumulate higher concentrations of Cd, posing a threat to food commodities...
May 2, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494288/growth-trends-of-beech-and-norway-spruce-in-switzerland-the-role-of-nitrogen-deposition-ozone-mineral-nutrition-and-climate
#17
Sabine Braun, Christian Schindler, Beat Rihm
Understanding the effects of nitrogen deposition, ozone and climate on tree growth is important for planning sustainable forest management also in the future. The complex interplay of all these factors cannot be covered by experiments. Here we use observational data of mature forests for studying associations of various biotic and abiotic factors with tree growth. A 30year time series on basal area increment of Fagus sylvatica L. and Picea abies Karst. in Switzerland was analyzed to evaluate the development in relation to a variety of predictors...
May 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494164/effects-of-enhancing-vitamin-d-status-by-25-hydroxycholecalciferol-supplementation-alone-or-in-combination-with-calcium-and-phosphorus-on-sternum-mineralisation-and-breast-meat-quality-in-broilers
#18
M Bozkurt, S Yalçin, B Koçer, A E Tüzün, H Akşit, S Özkan, M Uygun, G Ege, G Güven, O Yildiz
1. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of improving vitamin D status in broiler diets by supplementary 25OHD3, alone or in combination with calcium (Ca) and available phosphorus (aP), on live performance, sternum mineralisation and breast meat quality in broilers. 2. A total of 936 1-d-old Ross 308 broilers were used in the study. After gender determination at the hatchery, chicks from each sex were randomly distributed into three dietary treatments. The following dietary treatments were used in the experiment from d old to 38 d: 1) A control diet formulated to meet all of the nutrient requirements of broiler chicks according to the management guide; 2) The control diet supplemented with 15% 25OHD3 and 3) The control diet supplemented with 15% 25OHD3 plus Ca+aP...
May 11, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493294/commercial-mineral-enhanced-dairy-by-products-as-sodium-replacers-antioxidants-and-calcium-fortifiers-in-sausages
#19
Anne Maren Engeloug, Gu Yi, Bjørg Egelandsdal, Anna Haug, Berit Nordvi
Sausages are perceived as high in Na and with a too high Na:K ratio. Frankfurter type sausages are regarded as important contributors of sodium in the diet and thereby of health risks. Surplus products from the dairy industry are various mineral powders enriched in either potassium, calcium, or phosphate and include various amounts of lactose. Sausages were produced at 3 sodium levels (equivalent to 13, 15, and 17 g NaCl/kg sausage) using 4 different milk ingredients (a dried skimmed milk powder, a calcium enriched milk powder, a potassium enriched powder, and a lactose enriched powder)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490678/implications-of-us-nutrition-facts-label-changes-on-micronutrient-density-of-fortified-foods-and-supplements
#20
Michael I McBurney, Sonia Hartunian-Sowa, Nathan V Matusheski
The US FDA published new nutrition-labeling regulations in May 2016. For the first time since the implementation of the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990, the Daily Value (DV) for most vitamins will change, as will the units of measurement used in nutrition labeling for some vitamins. For some food categories, the Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed (RACCs) will increase to reflect portions commonly consumed on a single occasion. These regulatory changes are now effective, and product label changes will be mandatory beginning 26 July 2018...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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