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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774627/changes-in-eating-disorder-characteristics-over-the-years
#1
Michel Probst, Kärt Kürsa, Tine Van Damme, Jolien Diedens, Johan Vanderlinden
Since 1980, the diagnostic criteria of patients with eating disorders (ED) have changed over the years. Are these changes also expressed in the clinical features of the ED patients? A cross-sectional sample was drawn consisting of 100 consecutive female patients' files diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and bulimia nervosa and admitted at an inpatient unit from the first of January 1990, 2000, and 2010, respectively. Several reliable and well-validated questionnaires (Eating Disorder Inventory, Body Attitude Test, Symptom Checklist, and the Beck Depression Inventory) were administered and scores were compared...
May 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766462/disgust-and-fear-common-emotions-between-eating-and-phobic-disorders
#2
Rami Bou Khalil, Ibrahim R Bou-Orm, Yara Tabet, Lama Souaiby, Hayat Azouri
Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent mental illnesses composed mainly of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorders. Anxiety disorders are another set of mental illnesses, with phobic disorder (PD) being the most prevalent disorder. ED and PD are highly comorbid. The aim of this study is to assess, in 131 individuals attending an outpatient clinic for different health issues, the level of fear related to situations generating avoidance such as in social anxiety and specific phobias according to the fear questionnaire (FQ), the level of disgust according to the disgust scale (DS-R) and the vulnerability towards ED according to the SCOFF scale to demonstrate that high levels of both fear and disgust increase the vulnerability towards ED...
May 15, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758472/contributions-of-depression-and-body-mass-index-to-body-image
#3
Nadine P G Paans, Mariska Bot, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx
Depression and body mass index (BMI) are known to be associated with body image, however, their independent or joint effects on body image in adults are largely unknown. Therefore, we studied associations of depression diagnosis, severity, and BMI with perceptual body size (PBS) and body image dissatisfaction (BID). Cross-sectional data from 882 remitted depressed patients, 242 currently depressed patients and 325 healthy controls from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety were used. Depressive disorders (DSM-IV based psychiatric interview), standardized self-reported depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) and BMI were separately and simultaneously related to body image (the Stunkard Figure Rating scale) using linear regression analyses...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757091/striving-for-liminality-eating-disorders-and-social-suffering
#4
Karin Eli
In this article, I argue that eating disorders constitute a form of social suffering, in which sufferers embody liminality as a response to, and a reflection of, oppressive sociality, structural violence, and institutional constraints. Based on the illness narratives of people with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and their subclinical variants in Israel, the analysis draws the experiential, the social, and the structural into critical focus. These narratives, which delineate lived experiences of self-starving, bingeing, and purging, and the attendant viscerality of hunger, fullness, and emptiness, reveal how participants developed an embodied drawing inward and away, being at once within and without society for extended periods of time, through eating disordered practices...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756985/-consensus-document-about-the-nutritional-evaluation-and-management-of-eating-disorders-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-binge-eating-disorder-and-others-executive-abstract
#5
Carmen Gómez Candela, Samara Palma Milla, Alberto Miján-de-la-Torre, Pilar Rodríguez Ortega, Pilar Matía Martín, Viviana Loria Kohen, Rocío Campos Del Portillo, M ª Nuria Virgili Casas, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, María Teresa Mories Álvarez, María José Castro Alija, Ángela Martín-Palmero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756232/differences-in-emotion-regulation-difficulties-among-adults-and-adolescents-across-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#6
Leslie K Anderson, Kimberly Claudat, Anne Cusack, Tiffany A Brown, Julie Trim, Roxanne Rockwell, Tiffany Nakamura, Lauren Gomez, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Although much empirical attention has been devoted to emotion regulation (ER) in individuals with eating disorders, little is known about ER across a wide age range and among different ED subtypes. The current study sought to examine ER in a sample of eating disorder patients. METHOD: A total of 364 adults and adolescents with anorexia nervosa restricting subtype (AN-R), anorexia nervosa binge/purge subtype (AN-BP), or bulimia nervosa (BN) were assessed with the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755227/effect-of-yoga-in-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-with-6-months-follow-up
#7
Kari Ebbesen Karlsen, Karianne Vrabel, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Pål Ulleberg, Kirsten Benum
Aim of the Study: The aim of this study is to examine the effect of yoga treatment of eating disorders (EDs). Methods: Adult females meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV criteria for bulimia nervosa or ED not otherwise specified ( n = 30) were randomized to 11-week yoga intervention group (2 × 90 min/week) or a control group. Outcome measures, the Eating Disorder Examination (EDE)-Interview and Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) scores, were administered at baseline, posttest, and at 6-month follow-up...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729686/treatments-for-bulimia-nervosa-a-network-meta-analysis
#8
Eric Slade, Edna Keeney, Ifigeneia Mavranezouli, Sofia Dias, Linyun Fou, Sarah Stockton, Leanne Saxon, Glenn Waller, Hannah Turner, Lucy Serpell, Christopher G Fairburn, Tim Kendall
BACKGROUND: Bulimia nervosa (BN) is a severe eating disorder that can be managed using a variety of treatments including pharmacological, psychological, and combination treatments. We aimed to compare their effectiveness and to identify the most effective for the treatment of BN in adults. METHODS: A search was conducted in Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and Central from their inception to July 2016. Studies were included if they reported on treatments for adults who fulfilled diagnostic criteria for BN...
May 6, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722053/the-role-of-maternal-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-before-and-during-pregnancy-in-early-childhood-wheezing-findings-from-the-ninfea-birth-cohort-study
#9
Maja Popovic, Costanza Pizzi, Franca Rusconi, Luigi Gagliardi, Claudia Galassi, Morena Trevisan, Franco Merletti, Lorenzo Richiardi
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates associations of maternal eating disorders (bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and purging behaviors) with infant wheezing and examines the effects of eating disorders on several wheezing determinants. METHOD: We studied 5,150 singletons from the NINFEA birth cohort. Maternal bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa diagnoses were ascertained from the questionnaires completed in pregnancy and 6 months after delivery, and were analyzed as: ever diagnosis, only before pregnancy, and during pregnancy...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720107/the-experience-of-women-with-an-eating-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-a-meta-ethnographic-study
#10
Sarah Fogarty, Rakime Elmir, Phillipa Hay, Virginia Schmied
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a time of enormous body transformation. For those with an eating disorder during pregnancy this time of transformation can be distressing and damaging to both the mother and the child. In this meta-ethnographic study, we aimed to examine the experiences of women with an Eating Disorder in the perinatal period; that is during pregnancy and two years following birth. METHOD: A meta-ethnographic framework was used in this review. After a systematic online search of the literature using the keywords such as pregnancy, eating disorders, anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder, perinatal, postnatal and post-partum, 11 papers, involving 94 women, were included in the review...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704863/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-and-incidence-of-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-in-women-the-sun-cohort
#11
Alessandro Leone, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Francisca Lahortiga-Ramos, Patricio Molero Santos, Simona Bertoli, Alberto Battezzati, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
OBJECTIVE: To our knowledge, no study has yet assessed the association between dietary patterns and incidence of eating disorders. This study aimed to assess the association between adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) and incident risk of anorexia (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 11 800 women from the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra follow-up project. Participants were classified as having incident AN or BN if they were free of AN or BN at baseline and reported a physician-made diagnosis of AN or BN during the follow-up period...
March 21, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703429/rumination-and-eating-disorder-psychopathology-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender
Rumination is a cognitive process involving repetitive thoughts about negative experiences and emotions and is associated with psychopathology. Rumination has been implicated in mood and anxiety disorders, and there is a growing body of research on rumination in relation to eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. The current meta-analytic review focused on the literature addressing rumination and ED psychopathology. A comprehensive search process identified 38 studies, which primarily used cross-sectional designs with non-clinical samples...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703121/validation-of-the-inventory-of-interpersonal-problems-iip-64-a-comparison-of-swedish-female-outpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa-or-bulimia-nervosa-and-controls
#13
Karolin Lindberg, Lauri Nevonen, Sanna Aila Gustafsson, Erika Nyman-Carlsson, Claes Norring
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the psychometric properties of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-64) and to compare levels of interpersonal distress in Swedish female outpatients with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa with age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS: Totally, 401 participants were included; anorexia nervosa (n = 74), bulimia nervosa (n = 85) and controls (n = 242). All participants completed the IIP-64. The eating disorder (ED) patients also filled out the Eating Disorder Inventory-2/3 (EDI)...
April 27, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695260/a-single-arm-pilot-study-of-guided-self-help-treatment-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa-in-japanese-clinical-settings
#14
R Setsu, K Asano, N Numata, M Tanaka, H Ibuki, T Yamamoto, R Uragami, J Matsumoto, Y Hirano, M Iyo, E Shimizu, M Nakazato
OBJECTIVE: Guided self-help treatments based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-GSH) are regarded as a first-line effective treatment for bulimia nervosa (BN). With limited application for CBT-GSH in Japanese clinical settings, we conducted a single arm pilot study in order to confirm the acceptability and availability of CBT-GSH in Japan. RESULTS: 25 women with BN received 16-20 sessions of face-to-face CBT-GSH. Primary outcomes were the completion rate of intervention and abstinence rates from objective bingeing and purging as assessed by the Eating Disorder Examination...
April 25, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693747/core-psychopathology-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-network-analysis
#15
Lauren N Forrest, Payton J Jones, Shelby N Ortiz, April R Smith
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive-behavioral theory of eating disorders (EDs) proposes that shape and weight overvaluation are the core ED psychopathology. Core symptoms can be statistically identified using network analysis. Existing ED network studies support that shape and weight overvaluation are the core ED psychopathology, yet no studies have estimated AN core psychopathology and concerns exist about the replicability of network analysis findings. The current study estimated ED symptom networks among people with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and among a combined group of people with AN and BN...
April 25, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688871/altered-cortical-thickness-and-attentional-deficits-in-adolescent-girls-and-women-with-bulimia-nervosa
#16
Laura A Berner, Mihaela Stefan, Seonjoo Lee, Zhishun Wang, Kate Terranova, Evelyn Attia, Rachel Marsh
BACKGROUND: Frontostriatal and frontoparietal abnormalities likely contribute to deficits in control and attentional processes in individuals with bulimia nervosa and to the persistence of dysregulated eating across development. This study assessed these processes and cortical thickness in a large sample of adolescent girls and women with bulimia nervosa compared with healthy controls. METHODS: We collected anatomical MRI data from adolescent girls and women (ages 12-38 yr) with full or subthreshold bulimia nervosa and age-matched healthy controls who also completed the Conners Continuous Performance Test-II (CPT-II)...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681806/temporal-processing-of-joyful-and-disgusting-food-pictures-by-women-with-an-eating-disorder
#17
Caroline Gagnon, Catherine Bégin, Vincent Laflamme, Simon Grondin
The present study used the presentation of food pictures and judgements about their duration to assess the emotions elicited by food in women suffering from an eating disorder (ED). Twenty-three women diagnosed with an ED, namely anorexia (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN), and 23 healthy controls (HC) completed a temporal bisection task and a duration discrimination task. Intervals were marked with emotionally pre-rated pictures of joyful and disgusting food, and pictures of neutral objects. The results showed that, in the bisection task, AN women overestimated the duration of food pictures in comparison to neutral ones...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653375/feeling-fat-in-eating-disorders-testing-the-unique-relationships-between-feeling-fat-and-measures-of-disordered-eating-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#18
Jake Linardon, Andrea Phillipou, David Castle, Richard Newton, Philippa Harrison, Leonardo L Cistullo, Scott Griffiths, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan
Although widely discussed in theories of eating disorders, the experience of "feeling fat" in this population has received little research attention. This study tested the unique relationships between feeling fat and measures of problematic eating behaviours and attitudes. Data were analysed from individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN; n = 123) and bulimia nervosa (BN; n = 51). Correlations revealed considerable unshared variance between feeling fat and shape and weight over-evaluation and depressive symptoms...
April 10, 2018: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653254/interactions-between-risk-factors-in-the-prediction-of-onset-of-eating-disorders-exploratory-hypothesis-generating-analyses
#19
Eric Stice, Christopher D Desjardins
OBJECTIVE: Because no study has tested for interactions between risk factors in the prediction of future onset of each eating disorder, this exploratory study addressed this lacuna to generate hypotheses to be tested in future confirmatory studies. METHOD: Data from three prevention trials that targeted young women at high risk for eating disorders due to body dissatisfaction (N = 1271; M age 18.5, SD 4.2) and collected diagnostic interview data over 3-year follow-up were combined to permit sufficient power to predict onset of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), and purging disorder (PD) using classification tree analyses, an analytic technique uniquely suited to detecting interactions...
March 17, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627003/using-real-time-fmri-brain-computer-interfacing-to-treat-eating-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Moses O Sokunbi
Real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging based brain-computer interfacing (fMRI neurofeedback) has shown encouraging outcomes in the treatment of psychiatric and behavioural disorders. However, its use in the treatment of eating disorders is very limited. Here, we give a brief overview of how to design and implement fMRI neurofeedback intervention for the treatment of eating disorders, considering the basic and essential components. We also attempt to develop potential adaptations of fMRI neurofeedback intervention for the treatment of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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