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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334570/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-disordered-eating-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-a-framework-for-future-research
#1
REVIEW
Panagiota Kaisari, Colin T Dourish, Suzanne Higgs
Preliminary findings suggest that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may be associated with disordered eating behaviour, but whether there is sufficient evidence to suggest an association between ADHD and specific types of disordered eating behaviour is unclear. Furthermore, it is uncertain whether specific features associated with ADHD are differentially associated with disordered eating behaviour. A systematic review of seventy-five studies was conducted to evaluate the potential association between ADHD symptomatology and disordered eating behaviour and to provide an estimate of the strength of evidence for any association...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333513/feedback-in-group-psychotherapy-for-eating-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, Stig Poulsen, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Marjun Frígerð Tróndarson, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of client feedback in group psychotherapy on attendance and treatment outcome for patients with eating disorders. METHOD: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with central randomization stratified for diagnosis and treatment type according to a computer-generated allocation sequence concealed to the investigators. One-hundred and 59 adult participants, diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or eating disorder not otherwise specified according to DSM-IV, were included...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324677/intermittent-explosive-disorder-and-eating-disorders-analysis-of-national-comorbidity-and-research-samples
#3
Karen M Jennings, Jennifer E Wildes, Emil F Coccaro
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies suggest comorbidity between eating disorders and aggressive behaviors. This study examined the pattern of comorbidity between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and eating disorders (ED). METHODS: Data were analyzed from both the adult and adolescent samples of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (n = 19,430) and a clinical research sample (n = 1,642). RESULTS: Lifetime prevalence of Any ED was elevated in IED vs...
March 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323355/the-modelled-cost-effectiveness-of-cognitive-dissonance-for-the-prevention-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-in-adolescent-girls-in-australia
#4
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Jan J Barendregt, Phillipa Hay, Susan M Sawyer, Susan J Paxton, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), are prevalent disorders that carry substantial economic and social burden. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the modelled population cost-effectiveness of cognitive dissonance (CD), a school-based preventive intervention for EDs, in the Australian health care context. METHOD: A population-based Markov model was developed to estimate the cost per disability adjusted life-year (DALY) averted by CD relative to no intervention...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323350/characteristics-of-seeking-treatment-among-u-s-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#5
Lauren N Forrest, April R Smith, Sonja A Swanson
OBJECTIVE: The majority of persons with eating disorders (EDs) do not seek ED treatment, yet little is known about treatment-seeking barriers or facilitators. The aim of the study is to describe the characteristics associated with seeking ED treatment among U.S. adolescents with EDs. METHOD: Data from a nationally representative cross-sectional study of U.S. adolescents ages 13-18 years were used for these analyses. Specifically, adolescents who met criteria for lifetime EDs (N = 281) were included...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322911/cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-eating-disorders-versus-normalization-of-eating-behavior
#6
REVIEW
P Södersten, C Bergh, M Leon, U Brodin, M Zandian
We examine the science and evidence supporting cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for the treatment of bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. Recent trials focusing on the abnormal cognitive and emotional aspects of bulimia have reported a remission rate of about 45%, and a relapse rate of about 30% within one year. However, an early CBT trial that emphasized the normalization of eating behavior had a better outcome than treatment that focused on cognitive intervention. In support of this finding, another treatment, that restores a normal eating behavior using mealtime feedback, has an estimated remission rate of about 75% and a relapse rate of about 10% over five years...
March 16, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304341/the-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-in-reducing-weight-and-binge-eating-in-people-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-critical-synthesis-and-meta-analyses
#7
REVIEW
Marly Amorim Palavras, Phillipa Hay, Celso Alves Dos Santos Filho, Angélica Claudino
Recurrent binge eating episodes, the core feature of Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Binge Eating Disorder (BED), are frequently comorbid with obesity. Psychological interventions, notably Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), are effective for binge eating reduction in BED or BN but less so for weight loss. Behavioural Weight Loss Therapy (BWLT) shows effectiveness for binge eating reduction and weight loss but the latter appears poorly sustained over time. Our aim was to review evidence for efficacy of psychological therapies for BN/BED associated with overweight or obesity in reducing binge frequency and weight...
March 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301060/prevalence-of-eating-disorders-and-picking-nibbling-in-elderly-women
#8
Eva M Conceição, Fabiana V S Gomes, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Paulo P P Machado
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the point prevalence of eating disorders and picking/nibbling in elderly women. METHODS: This was a two-stage epidemiological study that assessed 342 women aged 65-94 years old. In Stage 1, the following screening measures were used to identify possible cases: the Mini-Mental State Examination, to screen and exclude patients with cognitive impairment; Weight Concerns Scale; SCOFF (Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food) Questionnaire; Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire-dietary restraint subscale; and three questions to screen for picking/nibbling and night eating syndrome...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290118/the-moderating-effect-of-gender-role-on-the-relationships-between-gender-and-attitudes-about-body-and-eating-in-a-sample-of-italian-adolescents
#9
J Lampis, S Cataudella, A Busonera, S De Simone, M Tommasi
PURPOSE: The differential prevalence of eating disorders in males and females can be explained by the impact of gender-role orientations. Inside the Italian socio-cultural context, gender socialization can be influenced by stereotypical gender beliefs, and this may contribute to the psychological distress of individuals who identify with discrepant gender roles from their biological sex. Our study explored, within the Italian context, the potential moderating effect of masculinity and femininity on the relationships between gender and attitudes about body and eating...
March 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288802/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-for-food-cravings-consumption-and-disorders-of-eating-a-review-of-methods-findings-and-controversies
#10
REVIEW
Peter A Hall, Corita Vincent
OBJECTIVE: To describe the state of the human research literature pertaining to the use of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) procedures for modulating food cravings, food consumption, and treating disorders of eating (i.e., obesity, bulimia nervosa, and anorexia nervosa). METHODS: A narrative review of methods, empirical findings, and current areas of controversy. Both single-session experimental and multi-session therapeutic modalities are considered, separately for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) technologies...
March 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285178/two-sides-of-the-same-coin-a-new-instrument-to-assess-body-checking-and-avoidance-behaviors-in-eating-disorders
#11
Tanja Legenbauer, Franziska Martin, Ariane Blaschke, Anne Schwenzfeier, Jens Blechert, Katja Schnicker
Body checking (BC) and avoidance behaviors (BA) are the dominant behavioral features of body image disturbances (BID) that characterize most individuals with eating disorders (EDs). Whereas BC can be reliably assessed, a valid assessment tool for BA is lacking, preventing an adequate assessment of BID differences across different EDs (anorexia nervosa, AN; bulimia nervosa, BN; binge eating disorder, BED). A total of 310 women with EDs and 112 nonclinical controls completed measures of BC-, BA- and ED-related symptoms...
March 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281939/childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-dissociative-phenomena-in-eating-disorders-level-and-association-with-the-severity-of-binge-eating-symptoms
#12
Giovanni L Palmisano, Marco Innamorati, Giovanna Susca, Denise Traetta, Diego Sarracino, Johan Vanderlinden
The aim of the current study is to evaluate the presence of childhood trauma, psychoform and somatoform dissociation in eating disorders (ED). 86 ED outpatients participated in this study, 20 of them were diagnosed with restrictive anorexia (AN-R), 10 of them with anorexia nervosa binge-purging subtypes (AN-B), 25 with bulimia nervosa (BN), and 31 with binge eating disorder (BED). They were matched by sex and age with a control group consisting of 86 healthy subjects (HC). Traumatic experiences were assessed by means of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), psychological and somatoform dissociation respectively by means of the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES-II) and Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire (SDQ-20), and binge eating symptoms by means of Binge Eating Scale (BES)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277735/the-core-symptoms-of-bulimia-nervosa-anxiety-and-depression-a-network-analysis
#13
Cheri A Levinson, Stephanie Zerwas, Benjamin Calebs, Kelsie Forbush, Hans Kordy, Hunna Watson, Sara Hofmeier, Michele Levine, Ross D Crosby, Christine Peat, Cristin D Runfola, Benjamin Zimmer, Markus Moesner, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by symptoms of binge eating and compensatory behavior, and overevaluation of weight and shape, which often co-occur with symptoms of anxiety and depression. However, there is little research identifying which specific BN symptoms maintain BN psychopathology and how they are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety. Network analyses represent an emerging method in psychopathology research to examine how symptoms interact and may become self-reinforcing. In the current study of adults with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) diagnosis of BN (N = 196), we used network analysis to identify the central symptoms of BN, as well as symptoms that may bridge the association between BN symptoms and anxiety and depression symptoms...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276114/reproductive-and-appetite-hormones-and-bulimic-symptoms-during-midlife
#14
Jessica H Baker, Claire M Peterson, Laura M Thornton, Kimberly A Brownley, Cynthia M Bulik, Susan S Girdler, Marsha D Marcus, Joyce T Bromberger
Eating disorders and related symptoms occur during midlife; however, little is known about their aetiology. It has been hypothesised that perimenopause represents a window of vulnerability for the development or exacerbation of eating disorder symptomatology because, like puberty, perimenopause is a period of reproductive hormone change. We compared symptoms of bulimia nervosa (bulimic symptomatology) assessed via mean scores on a self-report questionnaire in premenopausal and perimenopausal women. We also examined the association between hormone concentrations (reproductive/appetite) and bulimic symptomatology...
March 9, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265411/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-medical-nutritional-rehabilitation-protocol-in-children-and-adolescents-with-eating-disorders
#15
Rebecka Peebles, Andrew Lesser, Courtney Cheek Park, Kerri Heckert, C Alix Timko, Eleni Lantzouni, Ronald Liebman, Laurel Weaver
BACKGROUND: Medical stabilization through inpatient nutritional rehabilitation is often necessary for patients with eating disorders (EDs) but includes the inherent risk of refeeding syndrome. Here we describe our experience of implementing and sustaining an inpatient nutritional rehabilitation protocol designed to strategically prepare patients with EDs and their families for discharge to a home setting in an efficient and effective manner from a general adolescent medicine unit. We report outcomes at admission, discharge, and 4-weeks follow-up...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263651/treatment-refusal-and-premature-termination-in-psychotherapy-pharmacotherapy-and-their-combination-a-meta-analysis-of-head-to-head-comparisons
#16
Joshua K Swift, Roger P Greenberg, Kelley A Tompkins, Susannah R Parkin
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine rates of treatment refusal and premature termination for pharmacotherapy alone, psychotherapy alone, pharmacotherapy plus psychotherapy, and psychotherapy plus pill placebo treatments. A systematic review of the literature resulted in 186 comparative trials that included a report of treatment refusal and/or premature termination for at least 2 of the 4 treatment conditions. The data from these studies were pooled using a random-effects analysis. Odds Ratio effect sizes were then calculated to compare the rates between treatment conditions, once across all studies and then again for specific client disorder categories...
March 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261139/assessment-of-dysfunctional-cognitions-in-binge-eating-disorder-factor-structure-and-validity-of-the-mizes-anorectic-cognitions-questionnaire-revised-mac-r
#17
Isabelle Carrard, Stephane Rothen, Maaike Kruseman, Yasser Khazaal
Background: Dysfunctional cognitions regarding weight and shape and their implications for self-esteem are considered core features of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. However, they have also been associated with the severity of binge eating disorder (BED). Therefore, they should be screened with appropriate instruments to tailor treatment to individual patient needs. The Mizes Anorectic Cognitions-Revised (MAC-R) is a self-report questionnaire that lists dysfunctional cognitions related to three hypothesized core beliefs typical of the psychopathology of eating disorders: weight and eating as the basis of approval from others; the belief that rigid self-control is fundamental to self-worth; and the rigidity of weight- and eating-regulation efforts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259721/neuroendocrinology-and-brain-imaging-of-reward-in-eating-disorders-a-possible-key-to-the-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#18
REVIEW
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Giovanni Castellini, Umberto Volpe, Valdo Ricca, Lorenzo Lelli, Palmiero Monteleone, Mario Maj
Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are severe eating disorders whose etiopathogenesis is still unknown. Clinical features suggest that eating disorders may develop as reward-dependent syndromes, since eating less food is perceived as rewarding in anorexia nervosa while consumption of large amounts of food during binge episodes in bulimia nervosa aims at reducing the patient's negative emotional states. Therefore, brain reward mechanisms have been a major focus of research in the attempt to contribute to the comprehension of the pathophysiology of these disorders...
March 1, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254428/the-behavioural-cognitive-and-neural-corollaries-of-blunted-cardiovascular-and-cortisol-reactions-to-acute-psychological-stress
#19
REVIEW
Douglas Carroll, Annie T Ginty, Anna C Whittaker, William R Lovallo, Susanne R de Rooij
Recent research shows that blunted cardiovascular and cortisol reactions to acute psychological stress are associated with adverse behavioural and health outcomes: depression, obesity, bulimia, and addictions. These outcomes may reflect suboptimal functioning of the brain's fronto-limbic systems that are needed to regulate motivated behaviour in the face of challenge. In support of this, brain imaging data demonstrate fronto-limbic hypoactivation during acute stress exposure. Those demonstrating blunted reactions also show impairments of motivation, including lower cognitive ability, more rapid cognitive decline, and poorer performance on motivation-dependent tests of lung function...
February 27, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249187/altered-processing-of-rewarding-and-aversive-basic-taste-stimuli-in-symptomatic-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-an-fmri-study
#20
Alessio Maria Monteleone, Palmiero Monteleone, Fabrizio Esposito, Anna Prinster, Umberto Volpe, Elena Cantone, Francesca Pellegrino, Antonietta Canna, Walter Milano, Marco Aiello, Francesco Di Salle, Mario Maj
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have displayed a dysregulation in the way in which the brain processes pleasant taste stimuli in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). However, exactly how the brain processes disgusting basic taste stimuli has never been investigated, even though disgust plays a role in food intake modulation and AN and BN patients exhibit high disgust sensitivity. Therefore, we investigated the activation of brain areas following the administration of pleasant and aversive basic taste stimuli in symptomatic AN and BN patients compared to healthy subjects...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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