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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142754/inviting-eating-disorder-patients-to-discuss-the-academic-literature-a-model-program-for-psychoeducation
#1
Lauren Belak, Tara Deliberto, Matthew Shear, Sean Kerrigan, Evelyn Attia
Background: Psychoeducation initiatives in which patients read primary scientific literature have not yet been studied as a treatment intervention for eating disorders. In this paper, we discuss and evaluate the acceptability of a novel psychoeducational journal club for individuals with anorexia and bulimia nervosa in inpatient and partial hospitalization program settings. Primary literature about eating disorders is presented and discussed with patients. By presenting scientifically-supported information, our "Psychoeducational Research Group" is designed to help patients restructure disordered thoughts and encourage adherence to evidence-based treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132739/validity-and-reliability-of-the-english-version-of-the-sick-control-one-stone-fat-food-scoff-in-malaysia
#2
Wan Mohd Zohdi Wan Wahida, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Haireen Abdul Hadi
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several questionnaires to screen for eating disorders have been validated in Malaysia. However, these tools are lengthy, and require specialist interpretation. The sick, control, one stone, fat, food (SCOFF) is easy to administer by non-specialists, but has not been validated in Malaysia. Therefore, the aim of our study was to validate the SCOFF on a non-clinical sample of tertiary students to determine if it could identify individuals with an eating disorder. METHODS: We recruited second year tertiary students from five faculties in a university in Malaysia, from June-November 2014, who could understand English...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131078/role-of-sexuality-in-the-outcome-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-3-year-follow-up-study
#3
Giovanni Castellini, Lorenzo Lelli, Elisa Corsi, Beatrice Campone, Eleonora Ciampi, Alessandra D Fisher, Luca Mallardo, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Francesco Rotella, Tommaso Tofani, Linda Vignozzi, Francesco Zamponi, Mario Maggi, Valdo Ricca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130718/eating-disorders-during-the-adolescence-personality-characteristics-associated-with-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa
#4
Belén Barajas Iglesias, Ignacio Jáuregui Lobera, Isabel Laporta Herrero, Miguel Ángel Santed Germán
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies provide relevant information about the relationship between personality and eating disorders (ED). The involvement of personality factors in the etiology and maintenance of ED indicates the need of emphasizing the study of the adolescent's personality when diagnosed of ED. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to analyze the adolescent's personality profiles that differ significantly in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), and to explore the most common profiles and their associations with those subtypes of eating disorders (ED)...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125969/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-in-argentina
#5
V C Fernández, N Alonso, L Melamud, A M Villa
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica is a relapsing inflammatory, secondarily demyelinating astrocytopathy that most commonly affects the optic nerves and the spinal cord. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the psychopathological profile, presence of current depression, and suicidality in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) in an Argentinean cohort, and compare these parameters to those in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in healthy controls (HCs)...
November 7, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122972/eating-disorders-autoimmune-and-autoinflammatory-disease
#6
Stephanie Zerwas, Janne Tidselbak Larsen, Liselotte Petersen, Laura M Thornton, Michela Quaranta, Susanne Vinkel Koch, David Pisetsky, Preben Bo Mortensen, Cynthia M Bulik
OBJECTIVES: Identifying factors associated with risk for eating disorders is important for clarifying etiology and for enhancing early detection of eating disorders in primary care. We hypothesized that autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases would be associated with eating disorders in children and adolescents and that family history of these illnesses would be associated with eating disorders in probands. METHODS: In this large, nationwide, population-based cohort study of all children and adolescents born in Denmark between 1989 and 2006 and managed until 2012, Danish medical registers captured all inpatient and outpatient diagnoses of eating disorders and autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases...
November 9, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114852/a-longitudinal-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-of-task-control-circuits-and-bulimic-symptoms-over-adolescence
#7
Marilyn Cyr, Martine Fontaine, Mihaela Stefan, Kate Terranova, Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Evelyn Attia, Rachel Marsh
BACKGROUND: Previous cross-sectional findings from adolescents and adults with Bulimia Nervosa (BN) suggest disturbances in fronto-striatal and cingulo-opercular task control circuits that support self-regulatory processes, including the resolution of cognitive conflict. Herein, we used longitudinal data to examine the developmental trajectories of such disturbances and how the functioning of these circuits relates to changes in BN symptoms over adolescence. METHODS: Thirty-two adolescent females with BN symptoms and 28 healthy control (HC) adolescents participated in the study...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113456/a-systematic-review-of-cost-effectiveness-studies-of-prevention-and-treatment-for-eating-disorders
#8
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Phillipa Hay, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are serious mental disorders and are associated with substantial economic and social burden. The aim of this study is to undertake a systematic review of the cost-effectiveness studies of both preventive and treatment interventions for eating disorder. METHOD: Electronic databases (including the Cochrane Controlled Trial Register, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, Global Health, CINAHL complete, Health Business Elite, Econlit, Health Policy Reference Center and ERIC) were searched for published cost-effectiveness studies of eating disorder prevention and treatment including papers published up to January 2017...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112280/characterization-and-correlates-of-exercise-among-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa
#9
Jason M Nagata, Jennifer L Carlson, Jessica M Kao, Neville H Golden, Stuart B Murray, Rebecka Peebles
OBJECTIVE: To characterize exercise behaviors among adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN), atypical AN, or bulimia nervosa (BN), and determine associations between exercise and medical risk. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic medical records of all patients evaluated by the Eating Disorder Program at Stanford between January 1997 and February 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: 1,083 subjects (961 females, 122 males; mean age 15...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106341/the-long-term-impact-of-an-eating-disorder-prevention-program-for-professional-ballet-school-students-a-15-year-follow-up-study
#10
Rachel J Bar, Stephanie E Cassin, Michelle M Dionne
Eating disorder prevention programs have been assessed up to 3 years post-implementation; however, their impact on long-term resilience is unclear. The current study assessed disordered eating and body dissatisfaction in 116 dancers from a professional ballet school 15 or more years following their participation in an effective selective prevention program. Dancers who attended the ballet school during and following the program endorsed fewer thoughts and behaviours associated with bulimia, had lower lifetime prevalence of laxative use, and showed a trend toward lower lifetime rates of vomiting to control weight than those who attended the ballet school prior to the intervention...
October 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106340/on-synchronicity-passing-the-torch-and-the-task-of-prevention
#11
Niva Piran
The 15-year follow-up study (Bar, Chassin & Dionne, 2017) suggests of the Dance School Ecological Prevention Program (Piran, 1999) that it may have had long-term effects on the prevention of bulimia. This pattern of findings is in line with the results of the older cohort in the original outcome evaluation study. If the results of the follow up study hold when the 15-year outcome evaluation study is compared to a control group from a similarly competitive ballet school, this would reinforce the cause of prevention in the field of sports and dance, if not beyond...
October 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105808/early-childhood-adversities-and-risk-of-eating-disorders-in-women-a-danish-register-based-cohort-study
#12
Janne Tidselbak Larsen, Trine Munk-Olsen, Cynthia M Bulik, Laura M Thornton, Susanne Vinkel Koch, Preben Bo Mortensen, Liselotte Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies evaluating the association between early childhood adversities and eating disorders have yielded conflicting results. The aim of this study is to examine the association between a range of adversities and risk of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in 495,244 women. METHOD: In this nationwide, register-based cohort study, nine types of early childhood adversity (family disruption, residential instability, placement in out-of-home care, familial death, parental somatic illness, parental psychiatric illness, parental disability, severe parental criminality, and parental substance use disorder) were defined and exposure during the first 6 years of life was determined...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105662/neural-correlates-of-impaired-reward-effort-integration-in-remitted-bulimia-nervosa
#13
Stefanie Verena Mueller, Yosuke Morishima, Simon Schwab, Roland Wiest, Andrea Federspiel, Gregor Hasler
The integration of reward magnitudes and effort costs is required for an effective behavioral guidance. This reward-effort integration was reported to be dependent on dopaminergic neurotransmission. As bulimia nervosa has been associated with a dysregulated dopamine system and catecholamine depletion led to reward processing deficits in remitted bulimia nervosa, the purpose of this study was to identify the role of catecholamine dysfunction and its relation to behavioral and neural reward-effort integration in bulimia nervosa...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101919/early-detection-of-eating-disorders-in-general-practice
#14
Elizabeth Rowe
BACKGROUND: General practitioners (GPs) are often the first health professional consulted in regard to eating disorders and their varied presentations. Given the prognostic significance of early detection of, and intervention for, such conditions, it is important that GPs feel confident to do so. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to heighten awareness of the role of early identification and diagnosis of eating disorders, especially anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, in the primary care setting...
November 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101588/differences-in-emotion-regulation-difficulties-across-types-of-eating-disorders-during-adolescence
#15
Noam Weinbach, Helene Sher, Cara Bohon
Emotion regulation appears to play a key role in eating disorders. However, prior attempts to associate specific emotion regulation abilities with specific types of eating disorders resulted in inconsistent findings. Moreover, far less is known about emotion regulation in eating disorders during adolescence, a critical period of emotional development. The current study addresses this gap, comparing emotion regulation characteristics between adolescents with restrictive types of eating disorders and those with binge eating or purging types of eating disorders...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098749/to-go-or-not-to-go-a-proof-of-concept-study-testing-food-specific-inhibition-training-for-women-with-eating-and-weight-disorders
#16
Robert Turton, Bruno P Nazar, Emilee E Burgess, Natalia S Lawrence, Valentina Cardi, Janet Treasure, Colette R Hirsch
Inefficient food-specific inhibitory control is a potential mechanism that underlies binge eating in bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Go/no-go training tools have been developed to increase inhibitory control over eating impulses. Using a within-subjects design, this study examined whether one session of food-specific go/no-go training, versus general inhibitory control training, modifies eating behaviour. The primary outcome measure was food consumption on a taste test following each training session...
November 3, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089768/differences-in-serum-zinc-levels-in-acutely-ill-and-remitted-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-bulimia-nervosa-in-comparison-with-healthy-controls-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#17
Florian D Zepf, Pradeep Rao, Kevin Runions, Richard M Stewart, Julia K Moore, Janice Wy Wong, Maike Linden, Idil Sungurtekin, Franziska Glass, Linda Gut, Dirk Peetz, Gudrun Hintereder, Michael Schaab, Fritz Poustka, Lars Wöckel
BACKGROUND: Research has implicated that changes in zinc (Zn) metabolism may be associated with the biological underpinnings of eating disorders, in particular anorexia nervosa. However, to date research on the role of Zn in patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) is scarce. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore serum Zn concentrations in young patients with BN, with a focus on the stage of the disorder, comparing acutely ill and recovered patients with BN with healthy controls...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089145/the-empirical-status-of-the-third-wave-behaviour-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Christopher G Fairburn, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley, Leah Brennan
Although third-wave behaviour therapies are being increasingly used for the treatment of eating disorders, their efficacy is largely unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the empirical status of these therapies. Twenty-seven studies met full inclusion criteria. Only 13 randomized controlled trials (RCT) were identified, most on binge eating disorder (BED). Pooled within- (pre-post change) and between-groups effect sizes were calculated for the meta-analysis. Large pre-post symptom improvements were observed for all third-wave treatments, including dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), schema therapy (ST), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), and compassion-focused therapy (CFT)...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083223/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Jake Linardon, Tracey D Wade, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for eating disorders. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials of CBT were searched. Seventy-nine trials were included. RESULTS: Therapist-led CBT was more efficacious than inactive (wait-lists) and active (any psychotherapy) comparisons in individuals with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Therapist-led CBT was most efficacious when manualized CBT-BN or its enhanced version was delivered...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078155/predictors-of-long-term-recovery-in-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-data-from-a-22-year-longitudinal-study
#20
Debra L Franko, Nassim Tabri, Aparna Keshaviah, Helen B Murray, David B Herzog, Jennifer J Thomas, Kathryn Coniglio, Pamela K Keel, Kamryn T Eddy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate predictors of long-term recovery from eating disorders 22 years after entry into a longitudinal study. METHOD: One hundred and seventy-six of the 228 surviving participants (77.2%) were re-interviewed 20-25 years after study entry using the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation to assess ED recovery. The sample consisted of 100 women diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and 76 with bulimia nervosa (BN) at study entry...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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