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Bulimia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635077/self-disgust-within-eating-disordered-groups-associations-with-anxiety-disgust-sensitivity-and-sensory-processing
#1
Katie Bell, Helen Coulthard, Diane Wildbur
This study aimed to assess the relationship between self-disgust and sensory processing within eating psychopathology. Five hundred and ninety-one women with a self-reported diagnosis of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa or who had no previous history of an eating disorder completed a battery of online questionnaires measuring disgust, emotion and sensory variables. Those with an eating disorder reported significantly higher rates of self-disgust than those with no history of disordered eating. In groups of women with self-reported bulimia, self-disgust was associated with sensation avoidance and sensation seeking...
June 20, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627209/anorexia-y-bulimia-nerviosas-difusi%C3%A3-n-virtual-de-la-enfermedad-como-estilo-de-vida
#2
Gina Lladó, Rocío González-Soltero, María José Blanco Fernández de Valderrama
Introducción: la adolescencia es un periodo vulnerable para padecer trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) como la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosas. La insatisfacción corporal, uno de los factores precipitantes de los TCA, conduce a las adolescentes a la búsqueda de información sobre dietas en internet. En este contexto, las páginas pro-Ana (proanorexia) y pro-Mía (probulimia) difunden contenidos altamente perjudiciales para la salud relacionados con la pérdida de peso y los TCA.Objetivos: en el presente trabajo se analizan la cantidad, el posicionamiento, la calidad y la difusión de las páginas pro-Ana y pro-Mía...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624259/body-talk-weight-status-and-pathological-eating-behavior-in-romantic-relationships
#3
Ellen Hart, Chong Man Chow, Cin Cin Tan
This study examined whether engagement in body talk would interact with weight status (body mass index; BMI) to predict pathological eating behaviors among romantically involved adults. Adults (N = 137, females = 86.86%, average age = 23.50) involved in a romantic relationship were recruited to complete an online survey about their body image, dietary behaviors, and engagement in body talk. Results indicated that engagement in negative body talk was directly related to higher pathological eating (i.e...
June 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623853/the-validity-of-dsm-5-severity-specifiers-for-anorexia-nervosa-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder
#4
Kathryn E Smith, Jo M Ellison, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Scott J Crow, Carol B Peterson, Daniel Le Grange, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, extreme) for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED), which are determined by weight status (AN) and frequencies of binge-eating episodes (BED) or inappropriate compensatory behaviors (BN). Given limited data regarding the validity of eating disorder (ED) severity specifiers, this study examined the concurrent and predictive validity of severity specifiers in AN, BN, and BED...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621701/epigenetics-insights-into-chronic-pain-dna-hypomethylation-in-fibromyalgia-a-controlled-pilot-study
#5
Daniel Ciampi de Andrade, Mariana Maschietto, Ricardo Galhardoni, Gisele Gouveia, Thais Chile, Ana C Victorino Krepischi, Camila S Dale, André R Brunoni, Daniella C Parravano, Ana S Cueva Moscoso, Irina Raicher, Helena H S Kaziyama, Manoel J Teixeira, Helena P Brentani
To evaluate changes in DNA methylation profiles in patients with fibromyalgia (FM) compared to matched healthy controls (HCs). All individuals underwent full clinical and neurophysiological assessment by cortical excitability (CE) parameters measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation. DNA from the peripheral blood of patients with FM (n = 24) and HC (n = 24) were assessed using the Illumina-HumanMethylation450 BeadChips. We identified 1610 differentially methylated positions (DMPs) in patients with FM displaying a nonrandom distribution in regions of the genome...
June 15, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615982/family-based-treatment-of-eating-disorders-in-adolescents-current-insights
#6
REVIEW
Renee D Rienecke
Eating disorders are serious illnesses associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Family-based treatment (FBT) has emerged as an effective intervention for adolescents with anorexia nervosa, and preliminary evidence suggests that it may be efficacious in the treatment of adolescents with bulimia nervosa. Multifamily therapy for anorexia nervosa provides a more intensive experience for families needing additional support. This review outlines the three phases of treatment, key tenets of family-based treatment, and empirical support for FBT...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605663/patients-with-bulimia-nervosa-do-not-show-typical-neurodevelopment-of-cognitive-control-under-emotional-influences
#7
Michael F W Dreyfuss, Melissa L Riegel, Gloria A Pedersen, Alexandra O Cohen, Melanie R Silverman, Jonathan P Dyke, Laurel E S Mayer, B Timothy Walsh, B J Casey, Allegra I Broft
Bulimia nervosa (BN) emerges in the late teen years and is characterized by binge eating and related compensatory behaviors. These behaviors often co-occur with periods of negative affect suggesting an association between emotions and control over eating behavior. In the current study, we examined how cognitive control and neural processes change under emotional states of arousal in 46 participants with (n=19) and without (n=27) BN from the ages of 18-33 years. Participants performed a go/nogo task consisting of brief negative, positive and neutral emotional cues and sustained negative, positive and neutral emotional states of arousal during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
May 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601701/repressive-coping-among-british-college-women-a-potential-protective-factor-against-body-image-concerns-drive-for-thinness-and-bulimia-symptoms
#8
Changiz Mohiyeddini
Repressive coping, as a means of preserving a positive self-image, has been widely explored in the context of dealing with self-evaluative cues. The current study extends this research by exploring whether repressive coping is associated with lower levels of body image concerns, drive for thinness, bulimic symptoms, and higher positive rational acceptance. A sample of 229 female college students was recruited in South London. Repressive coping was measured via the interaction between trait anxiety and defensiveness...
June 8, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588278/associations-among-adhd-abnormal-eating-and-overweight-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-asian-children
#9
Lian Tong, Huijing Shi, Xiaoru Li
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been found to be comorbid with obesity in adults, but the association in children is uncertain. Because the underlying mechanism of comorbidity in children has not been researched sufficiently, this study aims to explore the associations among ADHD, abnormal eating, and body mass index (BMI), as well as the mediating effect of depression in children. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 785 primary students in China. The parent-report version of ADHD Rating Scale-IV (ADHDRS-IV), the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) and the Children's Eating Attitude Test (ChEAT) were used to identify ADHD symptoms and abnormal eating...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587552/anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-a-psychotherapeutic-cognitive-constructivist-approach
#10
Cristiano Nabuco de Abreu, Raphael Cangelli Filho
Of the eating disorders, anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the ones that have made adolescent patients-often females and aged younger and younger-seek for help. This help is provided through a multidisciplinary treatment involving psychiatrists, psychologists and dietists. Psychotherapy has shown to be an efficient component for these patients' improvement. The present article aims at presenting a proposal of psychotherapeutic treatment based on a cognitive-constructivist approach.
June 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581328/therapist-adherence-is-associated-with-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-bulimia-nervosa
#11
Sofie Folke, Sarah I F Daniel, Matthias Gondan, Susanne Lunn, Louise Tækker, Stig Poulsen
Studies of therapist adherence in relation to treatment outcome have produced mixed results. The aim of the present study was to investigate change in therapist adherence to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for bulimia nervosa over time, and to investigate the relationship between adherence and client outcome in early, middle, and late phases of treatment. Thirty-six clients received the focused form of "enhanced" CBT (CBT-E) for bulimia nervosa. Trained observers rated audiotapes of 92 full-length therapy sessions from early (Session 3), middle (Session 11), and late phases (Session 20) of treatment using the Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Treatment Protocol Adherence Scale...
June 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580647/diagnosis-specific-self-image-predicts-longitudinal-suicidal-ideation-in-adult-eating-disorders
#12
Mikael Andersén, Andreas Birgegård
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders (ED) are prevalent, serious illnesses with elevated mortality, mainly attributable to suicide. Predictors of suicidality include binge/purge symptomatology, impulsivity, and psychiatric comorbidity, as well as personality factors. Recent research has also shown self-image (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior, SASB, model) to predict manifest suicide attempts in ED, and the study explored suicide risk prediction to increase knowledge of warning signs and intervention targets...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579072/the-impact-of-comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-on-clinical-features-pharmacological-treatment-strategies-and-treatment-outcomes-results-from-a-cross-sectional-european-multicenter-study
#13
Markus Dold, Lucie Bartova, Alexander Kautzky, Daniel Souery, Julien Mendlewicz, Alessandro Serretti, Stefano Porcelli, Joseph Zohar, Stuart Montgomery, Siegfried Kasper
This international, multicenter, cross-sectional study comprising 1346 adult in- and outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) investigated the association between MDD as primary diagnosis and comorbid post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In a cross-sectional data collection process, the presence of comorbid PTSD was determined by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the patients' socio-demographic, clinical, psychopharmacological, and response information were obtained. Clinical features between MDD with and without concurrent PTSD were compared using descriptive statistics, analyses of covariance (ANCOVA), and binary logistic regression analyses...
May 31, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578734/genetic-and-environmental-aspects-in-the-association-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-binge-eating-behavior-in-adults-a-twin-study
#14
A J Capusan, S Yao, R Kuja-Halkola, C M Bulik, L M Thornton, P Bendtsen, I Marteinsdottir, A Thorsell, H Larsson
BACKGROUND: Prior research demonstrated that attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with binge-eating behavior, binge-eating disorder (BED), and bulimia nervosa (BN). The aim of this study was to investigate these associations in an adult twin population, and to determine the extent to which ADHD symptoms and binge-eating behavior share genetic and environmental factors. METHODS: We used self-reports of current ADHD symptoms and lifetime binge-eating behavior and associated characteristics from a sample of over 18 000 adult twins aged 20-46 years, from the population-based Swedish Twin Registry...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575109/computerised-analysis-of-facial-emotion-expression-in-eating-disorders
#15
Jenni Leppanen, Marcela Marin Dapelo, Helen Davies, Katie Lang, Janet Treasure, Kate Tchanturia
BACKGROUND: Problems with social-emotional processing are known to be an important contributor to the development and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs). Diminished facial communication of emotion has been frequently reported in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN). Less is known about facial expressivity in bulimia nervosa (BN) and in people who have recovered from AN (RecAN). This study aimed to pilot the use of computerised facial expression analysis software to investigate emotion expression across the ED spectrum and recovery in a large sample of participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571669/fetal-programming-and-eating-disorder-risk
#16
REVIEW
Candace Jones, Brad Pearce, Ingrid Barrera, Amanda Mummert
Fetal programming describes the process by which environmental stimuli impact fetal development to influence disease development later in life. Our analysis summarizes evidence for the role of fetal programming in eating disorder etiology through review of studies demonstrating specific obstetric complications and later eating risk of anorexia or bulimia. Using Pubmed, we found thirteen studies investigating obstetric factors and eating disorder risk published between 1999 and 2016. We then discuss modifiable maternal risk factors, including nutrition and stress, that influence anorexia or bulimia risk of their offspring...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569520/rapid-response-to-intensive-treatment-for-bulimia-nervosa-and-purging-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cbt-intervention-to-facilitate-early-behavior-change
#17
Danielle E MacDonald, Traci L McFarlane, Michelle M Dionne, Lauren David, Marion P Olmsted
OBJECTIVE: Rapid response to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for eating disorders (i.e., rapid and substantial change to key eating disorder behaviors in the initial weeks of treatment) robustly predicts good outcome at end-of-treatment and in follow up. The objective of this study was to determine whether rapid response to day hospital (DH) eating disorder treatment could be facilitated using a brief adjunctive CBT intervention focused on early change. METHOD: 44 women (average age 27...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566123/funen-anorexia-nervosa-study-a-follow-up-study-on-outcome-mortality-quality-of-life-and-body-composition
#18
Laura Al-Dakhiel Winkler
Eating disorders (EDs) comprise a wide range of symptoms, with severe psychological and physical implications for the patient. EDs include anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and until 2013 eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS), if criteria for AN or BN were not met. Patients suffering from an ED have poor prognosis, with more than half of AN patients not obtaining complete remission. One-fifth develops a chronic disease. EDs have an increased risk of premature death and patients with EDs report poorer quality of life (QoL) compared to both the general population and other psychiatric/somatic diseases...
June 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547702/emerging-treatments-in-eating-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Michael Lutter
Eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder, constitute a class of common and deadly psychiatric disorders. While numerous studies in humans highlight the important role of neurobiological alterations in the development of ED-related behaviors, the precise neural substrate that mediates this risk is unknown. Historically, pharmacological interventions have played a limited role in the treatment of eating disorders, typically providing symptomatic relief of comorbid psychiatric issues, like depression and anxiety, in support of the standard nutritional and psychological treatments...
May 25, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544668/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Melanie Brown, Lauren Robinson, Giovanna Cristina Campione, Kelsey Wuensch, Tom Hildebrandt, Nadia Micali
Intolerance of uncertainty is an empirically supported transdiagnostic construct that may have relevance in understanding eating disorders. We conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review of intolerance of uncertainty in eating disorders using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We calculated random-effects standardised mean differences (SMD) for studies utilising the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS) and summarised additional studies descriptively...
May 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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