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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922428/the-effects-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-ovalbumin-induced-allergic-asthma-and-cytokine-responses-in-mice
#1
Reza Habibian, Nowruz Delirezh, Amir Abbas Farshid
Objectives: Allergic Asthma is an inflammatory disease of the lungs that is characterized by increased infiltration of leukocytes into the airways, limiting the respiratory function. Studies suggest that a defective general regulatory system against inflammation could be a significant factor in allergic asthma. It has been shown that Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have a cellular immunosuppressive therapeutic potential for inflammatory disorders. We investigated whether administration of MSCs during allergen challenge would affect the underlying mechanisms in allergic airways inflammation...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909233/phenotype-analyses-of-il-10-producing-foxp3-cd4-t-cells-increased-by-subcutaneous-immunotherapy-in-allergic-airway-inflammation
#2
Masaya Matsuda, Yuki Morie, Hirotaka Oze, Kana Doi, Tatsuya Tsutsumi, Junpei Hamaguchi, Miki Inaba, Takeshi Nabe
INTRODUCTION: The mechanisms of allergen immunotherapy are not fully elucidated. Here, we sought to develop a murine model to demonstrate the effectiveness of subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) for allergic responses. As excessive antigen dosages may induce immune tolerance in sensitized mice, the effects of SCIT were assessed by varying the antigen dosage. The mechanisms of SCIT were analyzed by focusing on the induction of Foxp3+ Treg cells and IL-10-producing Foxp3- CD4+ T cells, as well as on the phenotype of the latter cells...
June 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881333/maternal-and-early-life-vitamin-d-deficiency-enhances-allergic-reaction-in-an-ovalbumin-sensitized-balb-c-mouse-model
#3
Jiang Wu, Yan Zhong, Xiuhua Shen, Kefeng Yang, Wei Cai
Background: Recent studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency may contribute to the high prevalence of food allergy but the underlying mechanisms are far from clear. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the effect of maternal and early-life vitamin D deficiency in the development of food allergy. Design: BALB/c mice were treated with ovalbumin (OVA) to trigger allergic reactions, under vitamin D-deficient (by maternal and early-life feeding of vitamin D deprived chow diet) or vitamin D-sufficient conditions...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874662/increased-susceptibility-to-allergic-asthma-with-the-impairment-of-respiratory-tolerance-caused-by-psychological-stress
#4
Tasuku Kawano, Ryusuke Ouchi, Takahiro Ishigaki, Chiaki Masuda, Tomomitsu Miyasaka, Yuichi Ohkawara, Nobuo Ohta, Motoaki Takayanagi, Tomoko Takahashi, Isao Ohno
BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is characterized by type 2 T helper (Th2) cell inflammation, essentially due to a breakdown of immune tolerance to harmless environmental allergens. Etiologically, experiences of psychological stress can be associated with a heightened prevalence of asthma. However, the mechanisms underlying stress-related asthma development are unclear. In this study, we examined whether psychological stress increases susceptibility to allergic asthma by downregulating immune tolerance...
June 6, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795208/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-derived-exosomes-ameliorates-allergic-reactions-via-inducing-the-t-reg-response-in-asthma
#5
Feng-Xia Ding, Bo Liu, Wen-Jing Zou, Qu-Bei Li, Dai-Yin Tian, Zhou Fu
BACKGROUND: Exosomes are nanovesicles originating from multivesicular bodies that have complex functions and significant therapeutic effects in many diseases. In the present study, we successfully extracted exosomes from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and assessed the effect of those exosomes on the development of the allergic response in two types of classic asthma models. METHODS: Female BALB/c mice were administrated with P. aeruginosa-derived exosomes 1 week before ovalbumin (OVA) or house dust mite (HDM) sensitization...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739687/the-role-of-regulatory-t-cells-in-the-acquisition-of-tolerance-to-food-allergens-in-children
#6
REVIEW
E Bernaldo de Quiros, E Seoane-Reula, E Alonso-Lebrero, M Pion, R Correa-Rocha
Food allergy is a pathological immune reaction that identifies certain harmless food proteins, usually tolerated by the majority of the people, as a threat. The prevalence of these food allergies is increasing worldwide and currently affects 8% of children. Exacerbated reactions to milk, egg and peanut are the most frequent in the pediatric population. It is well known that allergic diseases are a type 2 T-helper (Th2) immune response, characterized by the elevated production of IgE antibodies. However, little is known about the immune mechanisms responsible for the development of clinical tolerance toward food allergens...
May 5, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700872/oral-immunotherapy-with-omalizumab-reverses-the-th2-cell-like-programme-of-regulatory-t-cells-and-restores-their-function
#7
A Abdel-Gadir, L Schneider, A Casini, L-M Charbonnier, S V Little, T Harrington, D T Umetsu, R Rachid, T A Chatila
BACKGROUND: Oral immunotherapy (OIT) successfully desensitizes patients with food allergies, but the immune mechanisms mediating its efficacy remain obscure. OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that allergen-specific regulatory T (Treg) cell function is impaired in food allergy and is restored by anti-IgE antibody (omalizumab)-supplemented OIT. METHODS: Peanut-specific T effector (Teff) and Treg cell proliferative responses, activation markers and cytokine expression were analysed by flow cytometry in 13 peanut-allergic subjects before the start of omalizumab-supplemented OIT and periodically in some subjects thereafter for up to 2 years...
April 27, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678672/genetic-restriction-of-antigen-presentation-dictates-allergic-sensitization-and-disease-in-humanized-mice
#8
Alina Neunkirchner, Bernhard Kratzer, Cordula Köhler, Ursula Smole, Lukas F Mager, Klaus G Schmetterer, Doris Trapin, Victoria Leb-Reichl, Edward Rosloniec, Ronald Naumann, Lukas Kenner, Beatrice Jahn-Schmid, Barbara Bohle, Rudolf Valenta, Winfried F Pickl
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin(Ig)E-associated allergies result from misguided immune responses against innocuous antigens. CD4+ T lymphocytes are critical for initiating and perpetuating that process, yet the crucial factors determining whether an individual becomes sensitized towards a given allergen remain largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the key factors for sensitization and allergy towards a given allergen. METHODS: We here created a novel human T cell receptor(TCR) and human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-DR1 (TCR-DR1) transgenic mouse model of asthma, based on the human-relevant major mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) pollen allergen Art v 1 to examine the critical factors for sensitization and allergy upon natural allergen exposure via the airways in the absence of systemic priming and adjuvants...
May 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671652/effects-of-educated-monocytes-with-xenogeneic-mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-conditioned-medium-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-asthma
#9
Hadi Esmaili Gourvarchin Galeh, Seyyed Meysam Abtahi Froushani, Nahideh Afzale Ahangaran, Siamak Naji Hadai
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to determine the potential of the monocytes educated with rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell-derived conditioned medium (MCM) in ameliorating animal model of asthma. METHODS: Chronic asthma was induced in the BALB/c mice using ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization. The monocytes were isolated from blood of mice and supplemented with 50% MCM or negative control media. After 24 h, the cells were designated as "non-educated or educated"...
April 19, 2018: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599679/seasonal-variation-of-asthma-control-lung-function-tests-and-allergic-inflammation-in-relation-to-vitamin-d-levels-a-prospective-annual-study
#10
Sehra Birgül Batmaz, Tuğba Arıkoğlu, Lülüfer Tamer, Gülçin Eskandari, Semanur Kuyucu
Introduction: There are scarce data about the role of vitamin D (vitD) in asthma control related to seasons and other confounders. Aim: To investigate the seasonal relationship between vitD levels and asthma control, lung function tests (LFTs) and cytokines during a 1-year period, among 7-17-year-old asthmatic children. Material and methods: Thirty patients with asthma with house dust mite monosensitization were evaluated 3 monthly about the previous month's health and vitD related lifestyle factors and asthma control test (ACT), spirometry and bronchial provocation test for a year...
February 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535593/increase-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-decrease-of-mcp-1-and-some-updated-epidemiology-aspects-of-cystic-echinococcosis-human-cases-in-calabria-region
#11
Giovanni Matera, Maria Teresa Loria, Cinzia Peronace, Tatiana Catanzariti, Pio Settembre, Aida Giancotti, Angelo G Lamberti, Giorgio S Barreca, Luisa Galati, Gessica Dodaro, Maria Mazzitelli, Alessio Strazzulla, Carlo Torti, Angela Quirino, Maria Carla Liberto, Alfredo Focà
We aim to investigate some of the pathogenetic mediators of the human echinococcosis and to obtain updated epidemiological findings on cases of echinococcosis in Calabria, Southern Italy. Echinococcosis diagnosis was based on imaging, serological investigations, and molecular assay. Indeed, real-time PCR indicated the presence of G2/G3 genotypes of Echinococcus granulosus complex. Regarding pathogenesis, a relevant novel tool of immune depression should be deemed the reduced level of serum MCP-1. Also, we found a previously unreported VEGF, possibly associated with neovascularization requested by the parasite cyst metabolism...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518422/egg-specific-ige-and-basophil-activation-but-not-egg-specific-t-cell-counts-correlate-with-phenotypes-of-clinical-egg-allergy
#12
M Cecilia Berin, Alexander Grishin, Madhan Masilamani, Donald Y M Leung, Scott H Sicherer, Stacie M Jones, A Wesley Burks, Alice K Henning, Peter Dawson, Joanna Grabowska, Charuta Agashe, Wendy F Davidson, Robert A Wood, Hugh A Sampson
BACKGROUND: Egg allergy is phenotypically heterogeneous. A subset of patients with egg allergy can tolerate egg in an extensively heated form. Inclusion of baked egg (BE) into the diet accelerates resolution of egg allergy. Conversely, BE reactivity is associated with persistent disease. The immune basis of this clinical heterogeneity is unknown. OBJECTIVES: We sought to study egg-specific antibody, basophil, and T-cell responses in children with reactivity or tolerance to BE...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475096/phenotypic-and-functional-profile-of-th17-and-treg-cells-in-allergic-fungal-sinusitis
#13
Gargi Rai, Shukla Das, Mohammad Ahmad Ansari, Praveen Kumar Singh, Neelima Gupta, Sonal Sharma, Naseem Akhter, Vishnampettai G Ramachandran, Shafiul Haque, Sajad Ahmad Dar
Interleukin-17 producing T helper (Th17) and regulatory T cells (Treg) cells have been identified to play a critical role in atopic inflammation. However, conflicting reports on the role of Th17/Treg cells in allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) patients of different ethnicities has mystified its pathogenesis. To better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in AFRS, we conducted a prospective, analytical, case-control study involving 40 confirmed immunocompetent AFRS patients and 20 healthy controls...
April 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420850/chitotriosidase-inhibits-allergic-asthmatic-airways-via-regulation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-expression-and-foxp3-treg-cells
#14
J Y Hong, M Kim, I S Sol, K W Kim, C-M Lee, J A Elias, M H Sohn, C G Lee
BACKGROUND: Chitotriosidase (chitinase 1, Chit1), a major true chitinase in humans, is induced in childhood asthma and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of inflammatory and tissue remodeling responses. However, the role and the mechanisms that underlie these contributions to the diseases have not been defined. We hypothesized that Chit1 plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma. METHODS: Wild-type and Chit1-deficient mice and cells in culture were used to define the roles of Chit1 in models of allergic adaptive Th2 inflammation...
February 8, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408715/single-cell-profiling-of-peanut-responsive-t-cells-in-patients-with-peanut-allergy-reveals-heterogeneous-effector-t-h-2-subsets
#15
David Chiang, Xintong Chen, Stacie M Jones, Robert A Wood, Scott H Sicherer, A Wesley Burks, Donald Y M Leung, Charuta Agashe, Alexander Grishin, Peter Dawson, Wendy F Davidson, Leah Newman, Robert Sebra, Miriam Merad, Hugh A Sampson, Bojan Losic, M Cecilia Berin
BACKGROUND: The contribution of phenotypic variation of peanut-specific T cells to clinical allergy or tolerance to peanut is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to comprehensively phenotype peanut-specific T cells in the peripheral blood of subjects with and without peanut allergy (PA). METHODS: We obtained samples from patients with PA, including a cohort undergoing baseline peanut challenges for an immunotherapy trial (Consortium of Food Allergy Research [CoFAR] 6)...
June 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388365/collagen-derived-peptides-modulate-cd4-t-cell-differentiation-and-suppress-allergic-responses-in-mice
#16
Akihiko Nishikimi, Yoh-Ichi Koyama, Sayaka Ishihara, Shusaku Kobayashi, Chisa Tometsuka, Masashi Kusubata, Kumiko Kuwaba, Osamu Hayashida, Shunji Hattori, Koko Katagiri
INTRODUCTION: Collagen peptides have been widely used as a food supplement. After ingestion of collagen peptides, oligopeptides containing hydroxyproline (Hyp), which are known to have some physiological activities, are detected in peripheral blood. However, the effects of collagen-peptide administration on immune response are unclear. In the present study, we tested the effects of collagen-peptide ingestion on allergic response and the effects of collagen-derived oligopeptides on CD4+ T-cell differentiation...
February 1, 2018: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386429/-pathogenic-mechanism-and-diagnostic-testing-for-drug-allergies
#17
REVIEW
Katsuji Uno
 Three stages of the pathogenic mechanism of drug allergies can be considered: antigen formation, immune reaction and inflammation/disorder reaction. Drugs are thought to form 4 types of antigens: drug only, polymers, drug-carrier conjugates, and metabolite-carrier complexes. Antigens are recognized by B cell receptors and T cell receptors. Helper T cells (Th) are differentiated into four subsets, namely, Th1, Th2, Th17 and regulatory T cells (Treg). Th1 produces interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN)-γ, and activates macrophages and cytotoxic T cells (Tc)...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375988/igg4-and-ige-co-positive-group-found-in-idiopathic-orbital-inflammatory-disease
#18
Peng-Xiang Zhao, Yao Mawulikplimi Adzavon, Jian-Min Ma, Lei Shang, Dan-Ying Chen, Fei Xie, Meng-Yu Liu, Xin Zhang, Bao-Bei Lyu, Ming-Zi Zhang, Lin-Qi Yang, Xue-Mei Ma
AIM: To reveal the cytokines involved in idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease (IOID) and the relationship between Th17 cells, IgE and IOID pathogenesis. METHODS: Whole blood samples were processed immediately after collection and serological IgG4, IgG, and IgE antibodies were tested using ELISA. IOID and orbital cavernous hemangioma (CH) tissue samples underwent Bio-Plex multiplex cytokine detection. Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining of all paraffin samples suggested the histological features of IOIDs, and expressions of IgG4 and IL-17A in affected tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319882/oral-myeloid-cells-uptake-allergoids-coupled-to-mannan-driving-th1-treg-responses-upon-sublingual-delivery-in-mice
#19
I Soria, J López-Relaño, M Viñuela, J-I Tudela, A Angelina, C Benito-Villalvilla, C M Díez-Rivero, B Cases, A I Manzano, E Fernández-Caldas, M Casanovas, O Palomares, J L Subiza
BACKGROUND: Polymerized allergoids coupled to nonoxidized mannan (PM-allergoids) may represent novel vaccines targeting dendritic cells (DCs). PM-allergoids are better captured by DCs than native allergens and favor Th1/Treg cell responses upon subcutaneous injection. Herein we have studied in mice the in vivo immunogenicity of PM-allergoids administered sublingually in comparison with native allergens. METHODS: Three immunization protocols (4-8 weeks long) were used in Balb/c mice...
April 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319881/systemic-il-2-anti-il-2ab-complex-combined-with-sublingual-immunotherapy-suppresses-experimental-food-allergy-in-mice-through-induction-of-mucosal-regulatory-t-cells
#20
P L Smaldini, F Trejo, J L Cohen, E Piaggio, G H Docena
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic tolerance restoration has been proven to modify food allergy in patients and animal models and although sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has showed promise, combined therapy may be necessary to achieve a strong and long-term tolerance. AIMS: In this work, we combined SLIT with systemic administration of IL-2 associated with an anti-IL-2 monoclonal antibody (IL-2/anti-IL-2Ab complex or IL-2C) to reverse the IgE-mediated experimental allergy...
April 2018: Allergy
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