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Keiji Tasaka, Kousaku Matsubara, Shizuo Takamiya, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Aya Iwata, Hiroyuki Nigami
BACKGROUND: Information on long-term follow-up of childhood-onset anorexia nervosa is scarce. This study aimed to show long-term (>10 years) course, outcome and prognostic factors for hospitalized childhood-onset anorexia nervosa-restricting type (ANR). METHODS: Forty-one ANR girls admitted to a single regional center participated. Median age at first admission was 13.3 (range: 8.6-15.6) years. The longitudinal clinical course was retrospectively determined for a median follow-up period of 17...
October 19, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Ursula F Bailer, Julie C Price, Carolyn C Meltzer, Angela Wagner, Chester A Mathis, Anthony Gamst, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have anxious and inhibited temperaments with high concern for consequences. Studies using either positron emission tomography (PET) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) suggest involvement of the middle and dorsal caudate (DC) in individuals recovered (REC) from AN. For example, dopamine (DA) D2/D3 receptor binding in the middle caudate and DC was associated with anxiety and harm avoidance, and blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) response in the DC was positively related to trait anxiety...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Angela M Sanford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to examine the concept of anorexia of aging, including its complex pathophysiology and the multifaceted interventions required to prevent adverse health consequences from this geriatric syndrome. RECENT FINDINGS: Anorexia of aging is extremely common, occurring in up to 30% of elderly individuals; however, this diagnosis is frequently missed or erroneously attributed to a normal part of the aging process. With aging, impairments in smell and taste can limit the desire to eat...
October 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Melanie S Fischer, Donald H Baucom, Brian R Baucom, Jonathan S Abramowitz, Jennifer S Kirby, Cynthia M Bulik
Impaired emotion regulation and maladaptive strategies to manage distress are central to psychopathology, including obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and anorexia nervosa (AN). Emotion regulation can be fostered or thwarted by romantic partners, and the tendency to rely on interpersonally oriented emotion regulation may vary by disorder. This study examined coregulation as a form of interpersonal emotion regulation in OCD and AN. We hypothesized that OCD is associated with exaggerated and AN with diminished coregulation, and that OCD patients have greater overall levels of emotional arousal than AN patients...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Sabyasachi Paik, Agnik Pal, Sukanta Sen, Netai Pramanick, Santanu K Tripathi
A 23-year-old human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected Indian woman was admitted to a tertiary care hospital with generalized erythematosus rash all over her body with difficulty in swallowing for the previous 3 days. She also presented with swelling of the lips and redness of both eyes along with nausea, anorexia, slight headache, and fever, which appeared immediately after the initiation of a new regime of antiretroviral treatment with tenofovir (300 mg once daily), lamivudine (300 mg once daily), and efavirenz (600 mg once daily)...
December 2015: Drug Saf Case Rep
Nobuhide Kido, Iori Itagaki, Daisuke Kiryu, Tomoko Omiya, Kaori Ono
Two radiated tortoises (Astrochelys radiata) exhibited anorexia and hypokinesia. In both cases, hematological and serum biochemical examinations revealed high alkaline phosphatase levels, moderately high aspartate aminotransferase levels and white blood cell counts approximately within the normal range. Despite being treated, the tortoises died 9 and 43 days after the first clinical examination. Gross pathological examinations revealed that the livers of both animals were extremely swollen and contained pale yellow necrotic tissue...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Gustavo A Constaín, María de Los Ángeles Rodríguez-Gázquez, Guillermo Andrés Ramírez Jiménez, Gloria María Gómez Vásquez, Laura Mejía Cardona, Jonathan Cardona Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To establish the diagnostic validity and usefulness of Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT-26) for the risk assessment of eating disorders in a male population. DESCRIPTION: Observational validation study questionnaire. SETTING: Performed in Medellin city at a community care level of mixed (public and private) psychiatric clinics. SUBJECTS: The study included 21 male subjects aged ≥14 with DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS), and 93 controls without ED...
October 10, 2016: Atencion Primaria
Conxa Perpiñá, Mara Segura, Sergio Sánchez-Reales
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare decision-making and cognitive flexibility in patients with disordered eating and weight, ranging from anorexia nervosa to obesity, and a healthy group. METHOD: Participants were 113 patients (86 with eating disorders and 27 with obesity), and a group of 39 healthy subjects; all completed the Iowa gambling task, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and several clinical self-report measures. RESULTS: Eating disordered and obese patients showed impaired performance on the decision-making task, and the obese group showed the worst performance on the set-shifting task...
October 15, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Elena Tomba, Lucia Tecuta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Francesco Demaria, Franco De Crescenzo, Anna Maria Caramadre, Adele D'Amico, Antonella Diamanti, Fabiana Fattori, Maria Pia Casini, Stefano Vicari
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a rare multisystemic autosomal recessive disorder mainly caused by mutations in the nuclear gene TYMP, encoding thymidine phosphorylase. It generally appears in childhood and is clinically characterized by severe gastrointestinal dysmotility, cachexia, ptosis, progressive external ophthalmoplegia, peripheral neuropathy, and diffuse leukoencephalopathy on brain magnetic resonance imaging. The disease is clinically heterogeneous with the main symptoms being gastrointestinal, with an important weight loss...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Manuela Caslini, Cristina Crocamo, Antonios Dakanalis, Martina Tremolada, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
Stigmatizing attitudes toward eating disorders (EDs) may lead to reduced treatment seeking. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of stigmatizing trends and beliefs related to anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN), and the associations with the experiential knowledge of the problem, in a large sample of Italian undergraduates. A total of 2109 participants completed an online survey including questionnaires related to stigmatizing beliefs toward AN and BN, and personal contacts with people with EDs. Undergraduates reported almost overlapping low levels of stigmatizing trends for AN and BN, apart from personal responsibility and social distance...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Calum Munro, Louise Randell, Stephen M Lawrie
: The need for novel approaches to understanding and treating anorexia nervosa (AN) is well recognized. The aim of this paper is to describe an integrative bio-psycho-social theory of maintaining factors in AN. We took a triangulation approach to develop a clinically relevant theory with face validity and internal consistency. We developed theoretical ideas from our clinical practice and reviewed theoretical ideas within the eating disorders and wider bio-psycho-social literature. The synthesis of these ideas and concepts into a clinically meaningful framework is described here...
October 13, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Diego Pérez-Sotelo, Arturo Roca-Rivada, María Larrosa-García, Cecilia Castelao, Iván Baamonde, Javier Baltar, Ana Belen Crujeiras, Luisa María Seoane, Felipe F Casanueva, María Pardo
The secretion of the hepatokine alpha-2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein/Fetuin A, implicated in pathological processes including systemic insulin resistance, by adipose tissue has been recently described. Thus, we have recently identified its presence in white adipose tissue secretomes by mass spectrometry. However, the secretion pattern and function of adipose-derived alpha-2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein are poorly understood. The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression and secretion of total and active phosphorylated alpha-2-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein by adipose tissue from visceral and subcutaneous localizations in animals at different physiological and nutritional status including anorexia and obesity...
October 14, 2016: Endocrine
Vitor Hugo Nunes do Nascimento, Carla Dos Santos Lima, Jorge Tadeu Campos Paixão, Jofre Jacob da Silva Freitas, Katia Simone Kietzer
PURPOSE: To assess antioxidant effects of açaí seed extract on anorexia-cachexia induced by Walker-256 tumor. METHODS: A population of 20 lab rats were distributed into four groups (n=5): Control Group (CG), which only received tumor inoculation. Experimental Group-100 (EG-100), with animals submitted to tumor inoculation and treated with seed extract in a 100 mg / ml concentration through gavage. Experimental Group-200 (EG-200), with animals submitted to tumor inoculation and treated with seed extract in a 200 mg / ml concentration...
September 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Noura E Attia
AIM: This study was designed to evaluate the cardiac biomarkers and ultrasonography in prediction and early diagnosis of traumatic pericarditis (TP) in Egyptian buffaloes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total number of 47 buffaloes were included in the study and divided into two groups: Healthy (n=10) and diseased groups (n=37). Diseased buffaloes were admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Zagazig University, Egypt, with a history of anorexia, sudden, and severe reduction of milk production with no response to a previous medical treatment some animals had edema at the dewlap and congestion of the jugulars...
September 2016: Veterinary World
Hind Mrabti, Mounia Amziren, Ibrahim ElGhissassi, Youssef Bensouda, Narjiss Berrada, Halima Abahssain, Saber Boutayeb, Samira El Fakir, Chakib Nejjari, Abdellatif Benider, Nawfel Mellas, Omar El Mesbahi, Maria Bennani, Rachid Bekkali, Ahmed Zidouh, Hassan Errihani
BACKGROUND: A multicentre cohort study was held in Morocco, designed to evaluate the quality of life of cancer patients. The aim of this paper is to report the assessment of the quality of life of early colorectal cancer patients, before and after cancer treatment, to identify other factors which are related to this quality of life. METHODS: We used the third version of the QLQ-C30 questionnaire of the European organization for Research and treatment of Cancer (EORTC) after a transcultural validation...
October 12, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Katherine N Bachmann, Melanie Schorr, Alexander G Bruno, Miriam A Bredella, Elizabeth A Lawson, Corey M Gill, Vibha Singhal, Erinne Meenaghan, Anu V Gerweck, Meghan Slattery, Kamryn T Eddy, Seda Ebrahimi, Stuart L Koman, James M Greenblatt, Robert J Keane, Thomas Weigel, Madhusmita Misra, Mary L Bouxsein, Anne Klibanski, Karen K Miller
CONTEXT: Areal BMD is lower, particularly at the spine, in low-weight women with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, little is known about vertebral integral volumetric BMD (Int.vBMD) or vertebral strength, across the AN weight spectrum, including "atypical" AN (BMI≥18.5 kg/m(2)). OBJECTIVE: To investigate Int.vBMD and vertebral strength, and their determinants, across the AN weight spectrum. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study Setting: Clinical Research Center Participants: 153 women (18-45y): 64 low-weight AN (BMI<18...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Olga Pollatos, Beate M Herbert, Götz Berberich, Michael Zaudig, Till Krauseneck, Manos Tsakiris
Background: Interoceptive abilities are known to be affected in anorexia nervosa (AN). Previous studies could show that private self-focus can enhance interoceptive accuracy (IAcc) in healthy participants. As body dissatisfaction is high in AN, confrontation with bodily features such as the own face might have a directly opposed effect in AN. Whether patients with AN can benefit from self-focus in their IAcc and whether this pattern changes over the time-course of cognitive behavioral therapy was investigated in this study...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Kjersti S Gulliksen, Ragnfrid H S Nordbø, Ester M S Espeset, Finn Skårderud, Arne Holte
INTRODUCTION: Studies show that patients' perception of their illness has a direct influence both on their utilization of health services and their adherence to treatment plans. This may be particularly relevant to the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Previous studies on AN have typically explored single psycho-social factors that patients with AN relate to the emergence of their illness. There is a need for more coherent systematic descriptions of the complexity of the patients' narratives about how their illness emerged...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Yosuke Kunishi, Yuri Iwata, Mitsuyasu Ota, Yuichi Kurakami, Mao Matsubayashi, Masatomo Kanno, Yoriko Kuboi, Koichiro Yoshie, Yoshio Kato
A 52-year-old woman presented with recurrent, severe abdominal pain. Laboratory tests and imaging were insignificant, and treatment for functional dyspepsia was ineffective. The poorly localized, dull, and severe abdominal pain, associated with anorexia, nausea, and vomiting, was consistent with abdominal migraine. The symptoms were relieved by loxoprofen and lomerizine, which are used in the treatment of migraine. We herein report a case of abdominal migraine in a middle-aged woman. Abdominal migraine should be considered as a cause of abdominal pain as it might easily be relieved by appropriate treatment...
2016: Internal Medicine
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