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Anorexia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165137/anorexia-nervosa-depression-and-suicidal-thoughts-among-chinese-adolescents-a-national-school-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Qiguo Lian, Xiayun Zuo, Yanyan Mao, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou, Weijin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Although there is much literature on adolescent suicide, combined effects of depression and anorexia nervosa on suicide were rarely investigated. The aims of this study are to examine the association between anorexia nervosa and suicidal thoughts and explore the interaction between anorexia nervosa and depression. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, in the study, a sample of 8,746 Chinese adolescents was selected by multistage stratified method in 2012/2013 from 20 middle schools in 7 provinces across China Mainland...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165098/effects-of-olive-oil-on-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-6-in-humans-implication-in-obesity-and-frailty
#2
Nagendra Sastry Yarla, Angela Polito, Ilaria Peluso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 are important mediators of chronic low-grade systemic inflammation. The latter plays a central role in several obesity-related pathologies, such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. Besides, these cytokines have been also implicated in geriatric and cancer-induced anorexia, cachexia, sarcopenia and frailty. Potential interventions for both obesity and frailty include dietary advice and nutraceuticals...
November 20, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163941/exploring-the-effects-of-a-family-admissions-program-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Keren Fink, Paul Rhodes, Jane Miskovic-Wheatley, Andrew Wallis, Stephen Touyz, Julian Baudinet, Sloane Madden
Background: This study investigated patient experience in a Family Admissions Program (FAP) - a pilot treatment program for adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa at the Children's Hospital, Westmead. Based on Maudsley Family Based Treatment (FBT), the FAP involves an adolescent and his/her family undergoing a two-week family-based hospital admission at the outset of treatment. The program aims to increase intensity and support to a level needed by some families struggling to engage with or access FBT...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163739/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-a-19-year-old-female-adolescent-with-turner-syndrome
#4
Surinder S Moonga, Aaron Pinkhasov, Deepan Singh
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) is an uncommon neuropsychiatric presentation that has not been well characterized in the scientific literature. Though no clear psychiatric component is syndromic to TS, the clinical manifestations of certain neuropsychiatric disorders, including mood, anxiety and eating disorders, have all been well documented in patients with TS. However, the presence of OCD in these patients has not been previously described. This report details a 19-year-old TS patient who presented with OCD since the age of 13, comorbid with several other psychiatric pathologies, including bipolar I disorder, anorexia nervosa and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159738/prospective-assessment-of-first-year-quality-of-life-after-pelvic-exenteration-for-gynecologic-malignancy-a-french-multicentric-study
#5
A Martinez, T Filleron, P Rouanet, P Méeus, E Lambaudie, J M Classe, F Foucher, F Narducci, S Gouy, F Guyon, F Marchal, E Jouve, P E Colombo, A Mourregot, M Rivoire, N Chopin, G Houvenaeghel, I Jaffre, J Leveque, V Lavoue, E Leblanc, P Morice, E Stoeckle, J L Verheaghe, D Querleu, G Ferron
BACKGROUND: Pelvic exenteration remains one of the most mutilating procedures, with important postoperative morbidity, an altered body image, and long-term physical and psychosocial concerns. This study aimed to assess quality of life (QOL) during the first year after pelvic exenteration for gynecologic malignancy performed with curative intent. METHODS: A French multicentric prospective study was performed by including patients who underwent pelvic exenteration...
November 20, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158898/an-evaluation-of-the-predictive-validity-of-the-urica-and-ansocq-scales-for-weight-gain-in-adults-with-an-in-an-outpatient-eating-disorders-program-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Jessica Green, Andrea Philipou, David Castle, Leonardo Cistullo, Richard Newton
Background: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) which focuses on stage of change has been the main conceptual model used in understanding the lack of motivation to change in patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Whilst there is evidence to support the prognostic value of the TTM in AN, this evidence base sufferers from limitations including limited studies in adults and none in outpatient populations. The primary aim of this study was to clarify whether readiness to change, as measured by the University Rhode Island Change Assessment Scale (URICA) and the Anorexia Nervosa Stages of Change Questionnaire (ANSOCQ) could predict weight gain in adults with AN following treatment in an outpatient setting...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158897/feminist-approaches-to-anorexia-nervosa-a-qualitative-study-of-a-treatment-group
#7
Su Holmes, Sarah Drake, Kelsey Odgers, Jon Wilson
Background: Eating disorders (EDs) are now often approached as biopsychosocial problems. But it has been suggested by scholars interested in sociocultural factors that all is not equal within this biospsychosocial framework, with the 'social' aspects of the equation relegated to secondary factors within ED treatment contexts. Although sociocultural influences are well-established as risk factors for EDs, the exploration of whether or how such perspectives are useful in treatment has been little explored...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157721/child-with-generalized-weakness-and-anorexia
#8
Ben Chill, Ryan L Webb, Josh Greenstein, Barry Hahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157510/euthanasia-requests-in-a-canadian-psychiatric-emergency-room-a-case-series-part-1-of-the-mcgill-university-euthanasia-in-psychiatry-case-series
#9
David Benrimoh, Antoine Perreault, Frederique Van Den Eynde
Euthanasia was decriminalized in Quebec in December 2015, and Canada-wide in June 2016. Both the Provincial and Federal legislation have limited the right to medical assistance in dying (MAID) to end-of-life cases; which makes MAID inaccessible to most patients solely suffering from psychiatric illness. While some end-stage anorexia nervosa or elderly patients may meet the end-of-life criterion because of their medical comorbidities or their age (Kelly et al., 2003), repeated suicide attempts or psychotic disorganization would not qualify since they would not be seen as elements of an illness leading to a foreseeable "natural death" (Canada, 2016)...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157279/coinfection-with-haemophilus-parasuis-serovar-4-increases-the-virulence-of-porcine-circovirus-type-2-in-piglets
#10
Shuqing Liu, Wentao Li, Yang Wang, Changqin Gu, Xiaoli Liu, Catherine Charreyre, Shenxian Fan, Qigai He
BACKGROUND: Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) is an emerging disease in swine. Pigs with PMWS are often infected with a variety of other pathogens, including bacteria, viruses and mycoplasm, in addition to porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2). PCV2 and Haemophilus parasuis serovar 4 (HPS4) coinfection remain epidemic in China. METHODS: Here we report construction of a three-week-old naturally farrowed, colostrum-deprived (NFCD) piglet's infection model and demonstrate that PCV2-infected piglets with the HPS4 coinfection increased the virulence of PCV2 and these pathogens interact acquired PMWS...
November 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157191/neuronal-vacuolization-in-feline-panleukopenia-virus-infection
#11
Vanessa M Pfankuche, Wendy K Jo, Erhard van der Vries, Nicole Jungwirth, Stephan Lorenzen, Albert D M E Osterhaus, Wolfgang Baumgärtner, Christina Puff
Feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) infections are typically associated with anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, neutropenia, and lymphopenia. In cases of late prenatal or early neonatal infections, cerebellar hypoplasia is reported in kittens. In addition, single cases of encephalitis are described. FPV replication was recently identified in neurons, although it is mainly found in cells with high mitotic activity. A female cat, 2 months old, was submitted to necropsy after it died with neurologic deficits. Besides typical FPV intestinal tract changes, multifocal, randomly distributed intracytoplasmic vacuoles within neurons of the thoracic spinal cord were found histologically...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156936/-nutrition-and-immune-system-disorders
#12
Bricia López Plaza, Laura María Bermejo López
INTRODUCTION: Energy and nutrients obtained through food play an important role in the development and preservation of the immune system therefore any nutritional imbalance affects its competence and integrity. OBJECTIVES: Knowing the nutritional approach on different disorders of the immune system. METHODS: A review has been carried out on the most prevalent immunological disorders in developed countries, the nutritional characteristics to which they are associated and their nutritional approach...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155802/investigation-of-common-low-frequency-and-rare-genome-wide-variation-in-anorexia-nervosa
#13
L M Huckins, K Hatzikotoulas, L Southam, L M Thornton, J Steinberg, F Aguilera-McKay, J Treasure, U Schmidt, C Gunasinghe, A Romero, C Curtis, D Rhodes, J Moens, G Kalsi, D Dempster, R Leung, A Keohane, R Burghardt, S Ehrlich, J Hebebrand, A Hinney, A Ludolph, E Walton, P Deloukas, A Hofman, A Palotie, P Palta, F J A van Rooij, K Stirrups, R Adan, C Boni, R Cone, G Dedoussis, E van Furth, F Gonidakis, P Gorwood, J Hudson, J Kaprio, M Kas, A Keski-Rahonen, K Kiezebrink, G-P Knudsen, M C T Slof-Op 't Landt, M Maj, A M Monteleone, P Monteleone, A H Raevuori, T Reichborn-Kjennerud, F Tozzi, A Tsitsika, A van Elburg, D A Collier, P F Sullivan, G Breen, C M Bulik, E Zeggini
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a complex neuropsychiatric disorder presenting with dangerously low body weight, and a deep and persistent fear of gaining weight. To date, only one genome-wide significant locus associated with AN has been identified. We performed an exome-chip based genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in 2158 cases from nine populations of European origin and 15 485 ancestrally matched controls. Unlike previous studies, this GWAS also probed association in low-frequency and rare variants. Sixteen independent variants were taken forward for in silico and de novo replication (11 common and 5 rare)...
July 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152825/feasibility-study-combining-art-therapy-or-cognitive-remediation-therapy-with-family-based-treatment-for-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa
#14
James Lock, Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, William S Agras, Noam Weinbach, Booil Jo
Adolescents with anorexia nervosa who have obsessive-compulsive (OC) features respond poorly to family-based treatment (FBT). This study evaluated the feasibility of combining FBT with either cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) or art therapy (AT) to improve treatment response in this at-risk group. Thirty adolescents with anorexia nervosa and OC features were randomized to 15 sessions of FBT + CRT or AT. Recruitment rate was 1 per month, and treatment attrition was 16.6% with no differences between groups...
November 20, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150646/body-size-estimation-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-healthy-controls-using-3d-avatars
#15
Katri K Cornelissen, Kristofor McCarty, Piers L Cornelissen, Martin J Tovée
A core feature of anorexia nervosa is an over-estimation of body size. However, quantifying this over-estimation has been problematic as existing methodologies introduce a series of artefacts and inaccuracies in the stimuli used for judgements of body size. To overcome these problems, we have: (i) taken 3D scans of 15 women who have symptoms of anorexia (referred to henceforth as anorexia spectrum disorders, ANSD) and 15 healthy control women, (ii) used a 3D modelling package to build avatars from the scans, (iii) manipulated the body shapes of these avatars to reflect biometrically accurate, continuous changes in body mass index (BMI), (iv) used these personalized avatars as stimuli to allow the women to estimate their body size...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150356/cryptococcosis-manifesting-as-isolated-biliary-infection-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#16
Hua-Ying Zhou, Xiao-Bo Zeng, Sheng-Long Shi, Min Wang, Da-Min Li
BACKGROUND: Biliary cryptococci infection is rare, which is frequently diagnosed by exploratory laparotomy, preoperative diagnosis is difficult. CASE PRESENTATION: A 14-year-old girl presented with intermittent jaundice for 6 years. She had no pruritus, anorexia, nausea or vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, or clay stools. Laboratory tests showed obstructive jaundice, eosinophilia, and increased IgE levels. The patient was ultimately diagnosed as Cryptococcal infection by bone marrow culture...
November 14, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150275/ketogenic-diet-and-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Barbara Scolnick
This hypothesis suggest that starvation-induced ketosis, which leads to a fundamental biochemical change in the metabolic fuel supply of the brain, is uniquely anxiolytic and rewarding to patients prone to AN. Ketosis can easily be replicated by a unique diet marked by high fat, moderate protein, and very low carbohydrate. This diet, known as a ketogenic diet (KGD) mimics starvation, thus allowing the patient to experience the anxiolytic state of ketosis, and yet avoid the morbidity of starvation.
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147785/qt-interval-and-dispersion-in-drug-free-anorexia-nervosa-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#18
Monica Bomba, Lucio Tremolizzo, Fabiola Corbetta, Franco Nicosia, Francesca Lanfranconi, Gianni Poggioli, Karine Goulene, Marco Stramba-Badiale, Elisa Conti, Francesca Neri, Renata Nacinovich
Long QT values have been reported in patients with anorexia nervosa of the restricting type (ANr) potentially increasing the risk of fatal arrhythmia, especially if psychotropic drug treatment is required. Nevertheless, the previous studies on this topic are biased by drug exposure, long disease durations, and small sample sizes. This study is aimed at assessing QTc and QTcd values in ANr adolescents with recent onset and drug free, as compared to subjects affected by psychiatric disorders other than ANr. We evaluated QTc and its dispersion (QTcd) in a population of 77 drug-free ANr female adolescents and compared to an equal number of healthy controls (H-CTRL) and pathological controls (P-CTRL, mixed psychiatric disorders)...
November 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142756/usefulness-of-central-venous-saturation-as-a-predictor-of-thiamine-deficiency-in-critically-ill-patients-a-case-report
#19
Genri Numata, Satoshi Kodera, Hiroyuki Kiriyama, Atsuko Nakayama, Eisuke Amiya, Arihiro Kiyosue, Masaru Hatano, Eiki Takimoto, Masafumi Watanabe, Issei Komuro
Background: Central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) reflects the balance of oxygen delivery and consumption. Low ScvO2 indicates the presence of inadequate oxygen delivery, while high ScvO2 indicates reduced oxygen consumption and is sometimes associated with a high mortality rate in critically ill patients from dysoxia. Thiamine is an essential cofactor in cellular aerobic metabolism. Thiamine deficiency is more prevalent than was previously thought, and underlies severe conditions in critically ill patients...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142754/inviting-eating-disorder-patients-to-discuss-the-academic-literature-a-model-program-for-psychoeducation
#20
Lauren Belak, Tara Deliberto, Matthew Shear, Sean Kerrigan, Evelyn Attia
Background: Psychoeducation initiatives in which patients read primary scientific literature have not yet been studied as a treatment intervention for eating disorders. In this paper, we discuss and evaluate the acceptability of a novel psychoeducational journal club for individuals with anorexia and bulimia nervosa in inpatient and partial hospitalization program settings. Primary literature about eating disorders is presented and discussed with patients. By presenting scientifically-supported information, our "Psychoeducational Research Group" is designed to help patients restructure disordered thoughts and encourage adherence to evidence-based treatment...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
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