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surgical scrub

Judith Tiferes, Ahmed A Hussein, Ann Bisantz, D Jeffery Higginbotham, Mohamed Sharif, Justen Kozlowski, Basel Ahmad, Ryan O'Hara, Nicole Wawrzyniak, Khurshid Guru
Communication breakdowns in the operating room (OR) have been linked to errors during surgery. Robot-assisted surgery (RAS), a new surgical technology, can lead to new challenges in communication owing to the remote location of the surgeon away from the patient and bedside assistants. Nevertheless, few studies have studied communication strategies during RAS. In this study, 11 robot-assisted radical prostatectomies were recorded and the interaction events between the surgeon and two bedside surgical team members were categorized by modality (verbal/nonverbal), topic, and pair (sender and receiver)...
March 7, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
Abigail Schirmer, Courtney Swan, Steven J Hughes, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Monika Oli, Sana Chaudhry, Nikolaus Gravenstein, Chris Giordano
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons reports that 60% of the hundreds of thousands of surgical site infections occurring annually are preventable. The practice of surgeons taking phone calls while remaining sterile in the operating field is often accomplished by interposing a sterile disposable towel between the phone and their glove. After completing the call, surgeons resume operating. The purpose of our study is to test the conceptual idea of whether bacteria transmit from an inanimate object, such as a telephone, to the gloves of a surgeon through a sterile disposable towel...
March 7, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Orianne Dumas, Raphäelle Varraso, Krislyn M Boggs, Alexis Descatha, Paul K Henneberger, Catherine Quinot, Frank E Speizer, Jan-Paul Zock, Nicole Le Moual, Carlos A Camargo
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between occupational exposure to disinfectants/antiseptics used for hand hygiene and asthma control in nurses. METHODS: In 2014, we invited female nurses with asthma drawn from the Nurses' Health Study II to complete two supplemental questionnaires on their occupation and asthma (cross-sectional study, response rate: 80%). Among 4055 nurses (mean age: 59 years) with physician-diagnosed asthma and asthma medication use in the past year, we examined asthma control, as defined by the Asthma Control Test (ACT)...
February 23, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Stephanie N Pilieci, Saad Y Salim, Daithi S Heffernan, Kamal M F Itani, Rachel G Khadaroo
BACKGROUND: Video education has many advantages over traditional education including efficiency, convenience, and individualized learning. Learning sterile surgical technique (SST) is imperative for medical students, because proper technique helps prevent surgical site infections (SSIs). We hypothesize that video education is at least as effective as traditional skill demonstration in teaching first-year medical students SST. METHODS: A video series was created to demonstrate SST ( https://www...
February 6, 2018: Surgical Infections
Maureen W Hemingway, Patrice Osgood, Mildred Mannion
Patients with cardiac morbidities admitted for cardiac surgical procedures require perioperative nurses with a high level of complex nursing skills. Orienting new cardiac team members takes commitment and perseverance in light of variable staffing levels, high-acuity patient populations, an active cardiac surgical schedule, and the unpredictability of scheduling patients undergoing cardiac transplantation. At an academic medical center in Boston, these issues presented opportunities to orient new staff members to the scrub person role, but hampered efforts to provide active learning opportunities in a safe environment...
February 2018: AORN Journal
Mathijs D Blikkendaal, Sara R C Driessen, Sharon P Rodrigues, Johann P T Rhemrev, Maddy J G H Smeets, Jenny Dankelman, John J van den Dobbelsteen, Frank Willem Jansen
BACKGROUND: During the implementation of new interventions (i.e., surgical devices and technologies) in the operating room, surgical safety might be compromised. Current safety measures are insufficient in detecting safety hazards during this process. The aim of the study was to observe whether surgical teams are capable of measuring surgical safety, especially with regard to the introduction of new interventions. METHODS: A Surgical Safety Questionnaire was developed that had to be filled out directly postoperative by three surgical team members...
January 19, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
James Wf Kynaston, Thomas Smith, Jeremy Batt
A significant healthcare funding gap has been predicted over the coming years. NHS England has made transparency and cost efficiency a key priority. Healthcare technology accounts for a large portion of healthcare expenditure. The aim of the study was to establish the cost awareness of theatre staff for disposable surgical equipment and to review the current evidence around improving cost awareness. A cross sectional survey was performed. A questionnaire was distributed to consultants, registrars, core surgical trainees and theatre scrub practitioners within an NHS foundation trust and analysed using Microsoft excel 2010...
October 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
Melvin Chugh Makhni, Kolawole Jegede, Joseph Lombardi, Susan Whittier, Prakash Gorroochurn, Ronald A Lehman, K Daniel Riew
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have evaluated the efficacy of home use of chlorhexidine before surgery to reduce bacterial colonization. However, these studies have provided conflicting evidence about the potential efficacy of this strategy in decreasing bacterial loads and infection rates across surgical populations, and no prior study has analyzed the benefit of this intervention before spine surgery. We prospectively analyzed the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate wipes for decreasing bacterial counts on the posterior neck...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Mark Edwards, Alexander D Rodway, Islam G Ahmed, Richard A Harvey, Tamer S Foad, Karim M El Sakka
INTRODUCTION: Access surgery is delivered by vascular/transplant surgeons with a division that is defined by historic practice. This has resulted in an inconsistent training pattern. We aimed to design a focused, modular training program (The Brighton Vascular Access Fellowship) providing trainees with a reproducible level of exposure and competence. METHODS: The programme was 16 days over 8 weeks on a one-to-one basis with candidates expected to be performing procedures as first surgeon with ongoing, formative assessment...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
James S Farrelly, Crystal Clemons, Sherri Witkins, Walter Hall, Emily R Christison-Lagay, Doruk E Ozgediz, Robert A Cowles, David H Stitelman, Michael G Caty
BACKGROUND: Health care spending in the US remains excessively high. Aside from complicated, large-scale efforts at health care cost reduction, there are still relatively simple ways in which individual hospitals can cut unnecessary costs from everyday operations. Inspired by recent publications, our group sought to decrease the costs associated with surgical instrument processing at a large, multihospital academic center. METHODS: This was a single-site observational study conducted at a large academic medical center...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Leila Abdollahi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Ahmadreza Jodati, Naser Safaie, Mohammad Moradi-Joo, Amin Daemi
Introduction: The role of scrub in the prevention of post-surgery infections is well-known. This study aimed to investigate the inputs and process of surgical scrub in operating rooms of the largest heart hospital of northwest Iran. Methods: This study took place with a before-after design as a clinical audit in 2014. A check list developed based on national and international standards of surgical hand scrub was used as the study instrument. Checklists were completed by observation of surgical team scrubbing in real situation...
2017: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Edward S Shipper, Sarah E Miller, Brittany N Hasty, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Dana T Lin, James N Lau
BACKGROUND: Prior interventions to address declining interest in surgical careers have focused on creating early exposure and fostering mentorship at the preclinical medical student level. Navigating the surgical environment can be challenging, however, and preclinical students may be more likely to pursue a surgical career if they are given the tools to function optimally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a 10-wk technical and nontechnical skills curriculum to provide preclinical students with knowledge and skills necessary to successfully navigate the surgical learning environment, followed by placement in high-fidelity surgical simulations and scrubbing in on operative cases with attending surgeons...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Johannes Matiasek, Philip Kienzl, Gerlinde R Otti, Bela R Turk, Gabriel Djedovic, Ulrich M Rieger
Blepharoplasty is the third most common plastic surgical procedure in the USA. Due to the emergence of multiresistant bacteria, optimising the antiseptic procedure is crucial. Choice of antiseptics plays an important role as they may cause skin irritation and colouring of disinfected areas. In this study, the use of the aqueous antiseptic octenisept® (octenidine) was evaluated in the outcome of blepharoplasties: incidence of wound dehiscence; haematoma; and infection in correlation with gender, medication, smoking habits and time of year...
October 23, 2017: International Wound Journal
Darcy H Slizewski, Emily Heberlein, Jennifer F Meredith, Laura Beth Jobe, Kacey Y Eichelberger
BACKGROUND: The impact of the site where an obstetrician dresses in their surgical scrubs, home versus hospital, on total bacterial burden remains unknown. Therefore, our objective was to quantify the effect of dressing in surgical scrubs at home versus at the hospital on the bacterial contamination at the beginning of a scheduled shift. METHODS: This was a single blind randomized controlled trial. Eligible participants were resident physicians assigned to labor and delivery at a single institution during the study period, and participants were randomized daily to 1 of 4 arms based on the site where their scrubs were laundered (A) and where the resident dressed (B) (A/B): home/home, home/hospital, hospital/home, and hospital/hospital...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
P Tcherveniakov, C Bogdan, N Chaudhuri
Introduction The impact of the introduction of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) on the management of lung cancer 20 years ago has been well documented. However, the uptake of VATS lobectomy in surgical practice worldwide has been slower than expected. We believe that this is partly due to a lack of consensus on how this procedure should be integrated into training programmes. We present our initial experience with a newly developed training model, which could help bridge the divide between open and VATS lobectomy...
November 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
P F McAnena, N O'Halloran, B M Moloney, D Courtney, R M Waldron, G Flaherty, M J Kerin
INTRODUCTION: Basic surgical skills modules in medical education are effective in teaching skills and increasing confidence among students approaching surgery. However, these modules are not delivered universally and their effect on the professional development of graduates has not been established. We aimed to assess the impact of a 10-week basic surgical skills module on attitudes and technical skills of first year medical students compared to interns. METHODS: Eighteen students participated and were assessed using a 4-part questionnaire...
October 17, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Todd A Jaffe, Steven J Hasday, Meghan Knol, Jason Pradarelli, Sudha R Pavuluri Quamme, Caprice C Greenberg, Justin B Dimick
BACKGROUND: There exists a tension between surgical innovation and safety. The learning curve associated with the introduction of new procedures/technologies has been associated with preventable patient harm. Surgeon's perceptions regarding the safety of methods for learning new procedures/technologies are largely uncharacterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was designed to evaluate surgeons' perceptions related to learning new procedures/technologies. This included clinical vignettes across two domains: (1) experience with an operation (e...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
L Niu, H Y Li, W Tang, S Gong, L J Zhang
Operating room (OR) nursing previously referred to patient care provided during the intra-operative phase and the service provided within the OR itself. With the expansion of responsibilities of nurses, OR nursing now includes pre-operative and post-operative periods, therefore peri-operative nursing is accepted as a nursing process in OR in the contemporary medical literature. Peri-operative nurses provide care to the surgical patients during the entire process of surgery. They have several roles including those of manager or a director, clinical practitioner (scrub nurse, circulating nurse and nurse anesthetist), educator as well as researcher...
July 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Otis C Shirley, Ali Bayan, Mark Zhu, James P Dalton, Siouxsie Wiles, Simon W Young
BACKGROUND: Deep infection following arthroplasty remains a devastating complication. Some registry data suggests that modern positive-pressure surgical helmet systems (SHS) are associated with a paradoxical increase in infection rates, and as such their role in arthroplasty remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SHS increase wound contamination in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and if this contamination can be reduced by placing tape around the gown/glove interface...
November 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Anna M Skorupski, Jingyi Zhang, Danielle Ferguson, Frank Lawrence, F Claire Hankenson
Laboratory mice (Mus musculus) are prone to develop hypothermia during anesthesia for surgery, thus potentially impeding anesthetic recovery, wound healing, and future health. The core body temperatures of isoflurane-anesthetized mice are influenced by the choice of supplemental heat sources; however, the contribution of various surgical scrubs on the body temperatures of mice under gas anesthesia has not been assessed. We sought to quantify the effect of using alcohol (70% isopropyl alcohol [IPA]) compared with saline to rinse away surgical scrub on the progression of hypothermia in anesthetized mice (n = 47)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
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