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Mast cell asthma

Justin C Chia, P Régine Mydlarski
PURPOSE: Omalizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody that inhibits the binding of IgE to the high-affinity IgE receptor (FceRI) on the surface of mast cells and basophils. Omalizumab has been approved for use in asthma, and new reports show promise in a variety of dermatologic diseases. Herein, we review the literature on omalizumab in dermatology and discuss the safety, efficacy and mechanisms of action for this emerging therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMED, MEDLINE, and Embase databases were searched for the period January 1, 1990, to September 1, 2016...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Magdalena Paplińska-Goryca, Patrycja Nejman-Gryz, Katarzyna Górska, Katarzyna Białek-Gosk, Joanna Hermanowicz-Salamon, Rafał Krenke
Asthma and COPD are the most common obstructive lung diseases characterized by inflammation in the lower airways which contribute to airflow limitation. Different inflammatory mediators are thought to play a key role in these diseases. This study was conducted in 13 patients with asthma, 12 patients with COPD, and 13 control subjects. The expression of mRNA of IL-6, IL-13, CXCL8, TSLP, IL-33, IL-25, IL-17, ECP, mast cell tryptase, CCL24, and CCL26 was assessed in induced sputum cells by real time PCR. We found that CXCL8 was strongly related to the neutrophil percentage but differed significantly in COPD and asthma patients...
October 14, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Masamichi Yamashita
Aspirin is the oldest non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), and it sometimes causes asthma-like symptoms known as aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), which can be serious. Unwanted effects of aspirin (aspirin intolerance) are also observed in patients with food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis, a type I allergy disease, and aspirin-induced urticaria (AIU). However the target and the mechanism of the aspirin intolerance are still unknown. There is no animal or cellular model of AERD, because its pathophysiological mechanism is still unknown, but it is thought that inhibition of cyclooxygenase by causative agents lead to an increase of free arachidonic acid, which is metabolized into cysteinyl leukotrienes (cysLTs) that provoke airway smooth muscle constriction and asthma symptoms...
October 5, 2016: Current Drug Targets
Z Arıkan-Ayyıldız, M Karaman, S Özbal, A Bağrıyanık, O Yilmaz, Ö Karaman, N Uzuner
BACKGROUND: Parthenolide is the active constituent of the plant 'Tanacetum parthenium' (Feverfew) which has been used for centuries as a folk remedy for inflammatory conditions. AIM OF THE STUDY: In this study we aimed to investigate the effects of parthenolide in a murine model of chronic asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five BALB/c mice were divided into five groups; I (control), II (placebo), III (dexamethasone), IV (parthenolide) and V (dexamethasone and parthenolide combination)...
October 4, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Fiorentina Roviezzo, Rosalinda Sorrentino, Valentina Mattera Iacono, Vincenzo Brancaleone, Michela Terlizzi, Maria Antonietta Riemma, Antonio Bertolino, Antonietta Rossi, Maria Matteis, Giuseppe Spaziano, Aldo Pinto, Bruno D'Agostino, Giuseppe Cirino
Compelling evidence suggests the involvement of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in the pathogenesis of asthma. The systemic administration of S1P causes asthma like features in the mouse involving mast cells. In this study we investigated whether disodium cromoglycate (DSCG), administered as a preventative treatment as in human therapy, could affect S1P effects on airways. BALB/c mice, treated with DSCG, received subcutaneous administration of S1P. Bronchi and pulmonary tissues were collected and functional, molecular and cellular studies were performed...
October 3, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Andrew R Parker, Andrew G Ayars, Matthew C Altman, William R Henderson
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is a syndrome of severe asthma and rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis with exacerbations of baseline eosinophil-driven and mast cell-driven inflammation after nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug ingestion. Although the underlying pathophysiology is poorly understood, dysregulation of the cyclooxygenase and 5-lipoxygenase pathways of arachidonic acid metabolism is thought to be key. Central features of AERD pathogenesis are overproduction of proinflammatory and bronchoconstrictor cysteinyl leukotrienes and prostaglandin (PG) D2 and inhibition of bronchoprotective and antiinflammatory PGE2...
November 2016: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Eiji Inoue, Yasuharu Shimizu, Ryo Masui, Tomoe Tsubonoya, Tomomi Hayakawa, Keiichi Sudoh
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to clarify the effects of agarwood on histamine release from mast cells in rats and on the scratching behaviors in mice. METHODS: Histamine release from rat mast cells induced by compound 48/80 or concanavalin A (Con A) and compound 48/80-induced scratching behavior in mice were examined to investigate the effects of agarwood. The hyaluronidase activity and the 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) levels in mast cells were examined to investigate the mechanisms for the inhibition of histamine release...
September 2016: Journal of Pharmacopuncture
Jatinder Singh, Ramanpreet Shah, Dhandeep Singh
The mast cells are integral part of immune system and they have pleiotropic physiological functions in our body. Any type of abnormal stimuli causes the mast cells receptors to spur the otherwise innocuous mast cells to degranulate and release inflammatory mediators like histamine, cytokines, chemokines and prostaglandins. These mediators are involved in various diseases like allergy, asthma, mastocytosis, cardiovascular disorders, etc. Herein, we describe the receptors involved in degranulation of mast cells and are broadly divided into four categories: G-protein coupled receptors, ligand gated ion channels, immunoreceptors and pattern recognition receptors...
September 29, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Jasper H Kappen, Stephen R Durham, Hans In 't Veen, Mohamed H Shamji
Clinical and immunologic tolerance are hallmarks of successful allergen immunotherapy (AIT). Clinical benefits such as reduced symptoms, pharmacotherapy intake and improvement of quality of life persist following cessation of treatment. Successful AIT is associated with suppression of allergic inflammatory cells such as mast cells, eosinophils and basophils in target organs. Furthermore, AIT down-regulates type 2 innate lymphoid cells and allergen-specific type 2 T-helper (Th2) cells. The immunologic tolerant state following AIT is associated with the induction of distinct phenotypes of regulatory T-cells (T-regs) including interleukin (IL)-10-, IL-35- and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β- producing T-regs and FoxP3(+) T-regs...
September 27, 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
Rinu K Rana, Rakesh K Patel
BACKGROUND: The involvement of debilitating side effects of allopathic antiasthmatic drugs provides a strong impetus for the development of new herbal therapeutics. Myrica nagi Thunb. (Syn. Kaiphal) of Myricaceae family is a known drug of the Ayurveda system used for the treatment of several diseases including asthma. METHODS: The present study deals with the preparation and phytochemical screening of polar, non-polar and methanolic extracts of Myrica nagi bark followed by the evaluation of their antiasthmatic activity using four different animal experimental models: acetylcholine induced bronchospasm in conscious guinea pigs, acetylcholine induced contraction on isolated guinea pig tracheal chain preparation, compound 48/80 induced mast cell degranulation using rat, and trypsin and egg albumin induced bronchospasm in conscious rat...
September 23, 2016: Anti-inflammatory & Anti-allergy Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Hern-Tze Tina Tan, Kazunari Sugita, Cezmi A Akdis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The development of biological therapies has rapidly progressed during the last few years, and major advances were reported for the treatment of allergic diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis, urticaria, food allergy, and asthma. Here, we review biologicals targeting the type 2 immune response involving Th2 cells, type 2 innate lymphoid cells, natural killer T cells, mast cells, basophils, and epithelial cells, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IL-31, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP)...
October 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
Gwan Ui Hong, Jai Youl Ro, Youin Bae, In-Ho Kwon, Gyeong-Hun Park, Young Hee Choi, Jeong-Hee Choi
BACKGROUND: Mast cells and their mediators play important roles in chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) pathogenesis. Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is expressed in activated mast cells and contributes to airway inflammation in allergic asthma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of TG2 in CSU. METHODS: Patients with CSU (n = 72) and healthy controls (n = 51) were evaluated. Skin biopsy specimens were obtained from 5 patients with CSU and 2 healthy controls...
September 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Jue-Ping Shi, Shao-Ying Wang, Li-Li Chen, Xiao-Yu Zhang, Yi-Han Zhao, Bing Du, Wen-Zheng Jiang, Min Qian, Hua Ren
Extracelluar nucleotides have been identified as regulatory factors in asthmatic pathogenesis by activating purinergic receptors. This research aimed to investigate the function of the purinergic receptor P2Y6 in mediating airway inflammation in allergic asthma. Wild-type (WT) and P2Y6-deficient mice were stimulated with ovalbumin (OVA) to construct asthmatic mouse models. Overexpression of P2Y6 and uridine 5'-diphosphate (UDP)-releasing were demonstrated in lung tissues in ovalbumin-induced asthmatic mice...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Chang Ho Song, Thi Tho Bui, Chun Hua Piao, Hee Soon Shin, Dong-Hwa Shon, Eui-Hyeog Han, Hyoung Tae Kim, Ok Hee Chai
Mast cell-mediated anaphylactic reactions are involved in many allergic diseases, including asthma and allergic rhinitis. In Korea, where it has been used as a traditional medicine, Rosae Multiflorae fructus (RMF) is known to have potent antioxidative, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory activities and to have no obvious acute toxicity. However, its specific effect on asthma is still unknown. In this study, we evaluated whether or not RMF hot water extracts (RMFW) could inhibit ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma and evaluated compound 48/80-induced mast cell activation to elucidate the mechanisms of asthma inhibition by RMFW...
September 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
Daniel Abebayehu, Andrew J Spence, Amina Abdul Qayum, Marcela T Taruselli, Jamie J A McLeod, Heather L Caslin, Alena P Chumanevich, Elizabeth Motunrayo Kolawole, Anuya Paranjape, Bianca Baker, Victor S Ndaw, Brian O Barnstein, Carole A Oskeritzian, Scott A Sell, John J Ryan
Lactic acid (LA) is present in tumors, asthma, and wound healing, environments with elevated IL-33 and mast cell infiltration. Although IL-33 is a potent mast cell activator, how LA affects IL-33-mediated mast cell function is unknown. To investigate this, mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells were cultured with or without LA and activated with IL-33. LA reduced IL-33-mediated cytokine and chemokine production. Using inhibitors for monocarboxylate transporters (MCT) or replacing LA with sodium lactate revealed that LA effects are MCT-1- and pH-dependent...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Lara Utsch, Adrian Logiantara, Ronald van Ree, Leonie S van Rijt
BACKGROUND: Food allergy has been associated with an increased risk for the development of allergic asthma. Asthma is a risk factor for the development of an anaphylactic response to food allergens. An immunological interplay between sensitization to different allergens in different compartments of the body might be involved. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immunological interplay between intragastrical peanut (PE) sensitization and respiratory sensitization to house dust mite (HDM) allergens...
August 17, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Tina Rubić-Schneider, Nicole Carballido-Perrig, Camille Regairaz, Layla Raad, Sandra Jost, Celine Rauld, Brigitte Christen, Grazyna Wieczorek, Robert Kreutzer, Janet Dawson, Günther Lametschwandner, Amanda Littlewood-Evans, José M Carballido
BACKGROUND: Succinate, in addition to its role as an intermediary of the citric acid cycle, acts as an alarmin, initiating and propagating danger signals resulting from tissue injury or inflammatory stimuli. The contribution of this immune sensing pathway to the development of allergic and inflammatory responses is unknown. METHODS: Ear thickness of wild type (wt) and Sucnr1 deficient (Sucnr1 (-/-) ) mice, sensitized and challenged with oxazolone, was used as a criterion to assess the relevance of SUCNR1/GPR91 expression mediating allergic contact dermatitis (ACD)...
August 16, 2016: Allergy
Everett K Henry, Chandler B Sy, Juan M Inclan-Rico, Vanessa Espinosa, Saleena S Ghanny, Daniel F Dwyer, Patricia Soteropoulos, Amariliz Rivera, Mark C Siracusa
Type 2 cytokine responses are necessary for the development of protective immunity to helminth parasites but also cause the inflammation associated with allergies and asthma. Recent studies have found that peripheral hematopoietic progenitor cells contribute to type 2 cytokine-mediated inflammation through their enhanced ability to develop into mast cells. In this study, we show that carbonic anhydrase (Car) enzymes are up-regulated in type 2-associated progenitor cells and demonstrate that Car enzyme inhibition is sufficient to prevent mouse mast cell responses and inflammation after Trichinella spiralis infection or the induction of food allergy-like disease...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
KarryAnne K Belanger, Bill T Ameredes, Istvan Boldogh, Leopoldo Aguilera-Aguirre
Asthma is characterized by reversible airway narrowing, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and other symptoms driven by chronic inflammatory processes, commonly triggered by allergens. In 90% of asthmatics, most of these symptoms can also be triggered by intense physical activities and severely exacerbated by environmental factors. This condition is known as exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Current theories explaining EIA pathogenesis involve osmotic and/or thermal alterations in the airways caused by changes in respiratory airflow during exercise...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Poonam Arora, S H Ansari, Varisha Anjum, Rajani Mathur, Sayeed Ahmad
ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Kanakasava is an Indian traditional Ayurvedic formulation containing Datura (Datura metel), Vasaca (Adhatoda vasica), Dhataki (Woodfordia fruticosa) and Grape (Vitis vinifera) extracts as major constituents and used to treat pulmonary diseases including coughing, breathing difficulty and asthma. The present study was designed to assess the safety and therapeutic efficacy of Kanakasava against ovalbumin-induced bronchial asthma and related airway inflammation in rats due to lack of evidence based therapeutic efficacy data...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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