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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345810/an-untrodden-path-versatile-fabrication-of-self-supporting-polymer-stabilized-percolation-membranes-pspms-for-gas-separation
#1
Sebastian Friebe, Alexander Mundstock, Daniel Schneider, Jürgen Caro
The preparation and scalability of zeolite or MOF membranes remains a major challenge, thus preventing the application of these materials in large-scale gas separation. Additionally, several zeolite or MOF materials are quite difficult or nearly impossible to grow as defect-free layers and require expensive macroporous ceramic or polymer supports. Here, we present a new approach for self-supporting zeolite and MOF composite membranes, called Polymer-Stabilized Percolation Membranes (PSPMs) consisting of a pressed gas selective percolation network - in our case ZIF-8, NaX and MIL-140 - and a gas impermeable infiltrated epoxy resin for cohesion...
March 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345508/use-of-a-novel-portable-led-based-capillary-refill-time-simulator-within-a-disaster-triage-context
#2
Todd P Chang, Genevieve Santillanes, Ilene Claudius, Phung K Pham, James Koved, John Cheyne, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Amy H Kaji, Saranya Srinivasan, J Joelle Donofrio, Cynthia Bir
Introduction A simple, portable capillary refill time (CRT) simulator is not commercially available. This device would be useful in mass-casualty simulations with multiple volunteers or mannequins depicting a variety of clinical findings and CRTs. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a prototype CRT simulator in a disaster simulation context. METHODS: A CRT prototype simulator was developed by embedding a pressure-sensitive piezo crystal, and a single red light-emitting diode (LED) light was embedded, within a flesh-toned resin...
March 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343924/properties-of-discontinuous-s2-glass-fiber-particulate-reinforced-resin-composites-with-two-different-fiber-length-distributions
#3
Qiting Huang, Sufyan Garoushi, Zhengmei Lin, Jingwei He, Wei Qin, Fang Liu, Pekka Kalevi Vallittu, Lippo Veli Juhana Lassila
PURPOSE: To investigate the reinforcing efficiency and light curing properties of discontinuous S2-glass fiber-particulate reinforced resin composite and to examine length distribution of discontinuous S2-glass fibers after a mixing process into resin composite. METHODS: Experimental S2-glass fiber-particulate reinforced resin composites were prepared by mixing 10wt% of discontinuous S2-glass fibers, which had been manually cut into two different lengths (1.5 and 3...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343677/influence-of-adhesive-cementation-systems-on-the-bond-strength-of-relined-fiber-posts-to-root-dentin
#4
Raquel Viana Rodrigues, Camila Sobral Sampaio, Rafael Rocha Pacheco, Fernanda Miori Pascon, Regina Maria Puppin-Rontani, Marcelo Giannini
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Glass fiber post cementation procedures have undergone significant development. Relining the post with composite resin is a technique that aims to reduce resin cement thickness and consequently problems inherent to polymerization. Evidence is sparse regarding the efficacy of bonding procedures at increasing depths (from cervical to apical) using different adhesive cementation techniques. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the push-out bond strength (PBS) of composite resin relined glass fiber posts cemented to bovine root dentin using different adhesive cementation protocols...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343671/cytotoxicity-and-proinflammatory-cytokine-expression-induced%C3%A2-by-interim-resin-materials-in-primary-cultured-human%C3%A2-dental-pulp-cells
#5
Jung-Hwan Lee, Soo-Kyung Jun, Ho-Jin Moon, Hae-Hyoung Lee
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Acrylic resin materials for interim restoration may adversely affect pulp tissue during the polymerization phase. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the cytotoxic and proinflammatory cytokine production effects induced by interim resin materials in primary cultured human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Five interim resin materials were evaluated: 3 types of chemically activated products, 1 light-activated product, and 1 computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) product...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343596/no-additional-benefit-of-using-a-calcium-hydroxide-liner-during-stepwise-caries-removal-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Maria Auxiliadora Pereira, Reginaldo Batista Dos Santos-Júnior, Johnny Alexandre Tavares, Alaíde Hermínia Oliveira, Pollyana Caldeira Leal, Wilton Mitsunari Takeshita, Antônio Márcio Barbosa-Júnior, Luiz Eduardo Braga Bertassoni, André Luis Faria-E-Silva
BACKGROUND: Clinicians often use calcium hydroxide liners during stepwise treatment of advanced caries. In this randomized clinical trial, the authors compared the short-term outcome of stepwise caries removal with and without use of a calcium hydroxide liner in conjunction with provisional resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) restorations. METHODS: The authors included in the trial 98 patients aged 15 to 30 years who had a deep carious lesion in a posterior tooth...
March 23, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341985/non-invasive-identification-of-organic-materials-in-historical-stringed-musical-instruments-by-reflection-infrared-spectroscopy-a-methodological-approach
#7
Claudia Invernizzi, Alessia Daveri, Manuela Vagnini, Marco Malagodi
The analysis of historical musical instruments is becoming more relevant and the interest is increasingly moving toward the non-invasive reflection FTIR spectroscopy, especially for the analysis of varnishes. In this work, a specific infrared reflectance spectral library of organic compounds was created with the aim of identifying musical instrument materials in a totally non-invasive way. The analyses were carried out on pure organic compounds, as bulk samples and laboratory wooden models, to evaluate the diagnostic reflection mid-infrared (MIR) bands of proteins, polysaccharides, lipids, and resins by comparing reflection spectra before and after the KK correction...
March 24, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341379/the-rapid-adsorption-microbial-reduction-of-perchlorate-from-aqueous-solution-by-novel-amine-crosslinked-magnetic-biopolymer-resin
#8
Wen Song, Baoyu Gao, Hailan Wang, Xing Xu, Moxi Xue, Minchao Zha, Bo Gong
The aim of this work was to study the adsorption characters of resin, microbial reduction of perchlorate and combined process of perchlorate removal in aqueous solution. Study demonstrated the adsorption equilibrium was achieved in 120min, which based on ion exchange reaction. Dissolved perchlorate (100mg/L) can be completely removed by acclimated anaerobic sludge in 15h, and the concentrated perchlorate (∼200mg/g) on the surface of resin would be effectively microbial reduced after 3days. Neutral environment (pH=7...
March 12, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341152/identification-of-genotoxic-compounds-in-crude-oil-using-fractionation-according-to-distillation-polarity-and-kow
#9
Shin Yeong Park, Hyo Jin Lee, Jong Seong Khim, Gi Beum Kim
We examined the degree of DNA damage caused by fractions of crude oil in accordance with the boiling points, polarity and log Kow. Relatively high DNA damage was observed in the aromatic fraction (290-330°C) and resin and polar fraction (350-400°C). The resin and polar fraction showed relatively high genotoxicity compared with the aliphatic and aromatic fraction at the 1-4 log Kow range. At the 6-7 log Kow range, the aromatic fraction showed relatively high DNA damage compared with the aliphatic and resin and polar fraction...
January 30, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341059/masking-properties-of-ceramics-for-veneer-restorations
#10
Andreas L Skyllouriotis, Hideo L Yamamoto, Dan Nathanson
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The translucency and opacity of ceramics play a significant role in emulating the natural color of teeth, but studies of the masking properties and limitations of dental ceramics when used as monolayer restorations are lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the translucency of 6 materials used for veneer restorations by assessing their translucency parameters (TPs), contrast ratios (CRs), and potential to mask dark tooth colors...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340791/solid-phase-extraction-microfluidic-devices-for-matrix-removal-in-trace-element-assay-of-actinide-materials
#11
Jun Gao, Benjamin T Manard, Alonso Castro, Dennis P Montoya, Ning Xu, Rebecca M Chamberlin
Advances in sample nebulization and injection technology have significantly reduced the volume of solution required for trace impurity analysis in plutonium and uranium materials. Correspondingly, we have designed and tested a novel chip-based microfluidic platform, containing a 100-µL or 20-µL solid-phase microextraction column, packed by centrifugation, which supports nuclear material mass and solution volume reductions of 90% or more compared to standard methods. Quantitative recovery of 28 trace elements in uranium was demonstrated using a UTEVA chromatographic resin column, and trace element recovery from thorium (a surrogate for plutonium) was similarly demonstrated using anion exchange resin AG MP-1...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340785/an-automatic-chemiluminescence-method-based-on-the-multi-pumping-flow-system-coupled-with-the-fluidized-reactor-and-direct-injection-detector-determination-of-uric-acid-in-saliva-samples
#12
Christina Vakh, Stanislawa Koronkiewicz, Slawomir Kalinowski, Leonid Moskvin, Andrey Bulatov
A novel approach for the automatic chemiluminescence (CL) analysis of the complex samples is proposed. A multi-pumping flow system was successfully combined with fluidized reactor and direct-injection CL detector. The possibility of the approach was demonstrated on the determination of uric acid in saliva samples. Uric acid is clinically important analyte and its determination in biological fluids is related to human organism dysfunctions, such as gout. For the first time, the fast luminol - N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) reaction in an alkaline medium was used for the CL determination of uric acid in saliva samples...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340775/quantification-of-226-ra-at-environmental-relevant-levels-in-natural-waters-by-icp-ms-optimization-validation-and-limitations-of-an-extraction-and-preconcentration-approach
#13
François Lagacé, Delphine Foucher, Céline Surette, Olivier Clarisse
Radium (Ra) at environmental relevant levels in natural waters was determined by ICP-MS after an off-line pre-concentration procedure. The latter consisted of Ra selective elution from potential interfering elements (i.e. other alkaline earth cations: Ba(2+), Sr(2+), Ca(2+), Mg(2+)) on a series of two different ion exchange resins (AG50W-X8 and Sr-resin). The overall analytical method was optimized according to the instrumental performance, the volume of water sample loaded on resins, and the sample salinity...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340733/migration-test-of-bisphenol-a-from-polycarbonate-cups-using-excitation-emission-fluorescence-data-with-parallel-factor-analysis
#14
M L Spagnuolo, F Marini, L A Sarabia, M C Ortiz
Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most largely produced chemical in the world; it is used to make plastics and epoxy resins. The endocrine disruptor potential of BPA is well known, but recent researches suggest a relationship between chronic exposure to BPA, genotoxic activity and epigenetic modifications. The main source of exposure to BPA includes food contact materials (FCM). Thus simple and robust test methods are needed to improve the migration test of BPA. In this work, a non-separative, easy, fast and inexpensive spectrofluorimetric method based on the second order calibration of excitation-emission fluorescence matrices (EEMs) was proposed for the determination of BPA...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340098/effect-of-fluoride-releasing-resin-composite-in-white-spot-lesions-prevention-a-single-centre-split-mouth-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mohannad M Alabdullah, Alaa Nabawia, Mowaffak A Ajaj, Humam Saltaji
Introduction: The objective of this two-arm split-mouth randomized trial, was to evaluate the ability of fluoride-releasing resin composite to prevent demineralization and white spot lesion (WSL) formation, during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Methods: Patients needing comprehensive orthodontic treatment were randomly allocated into two groups, according to the half split-mouth technique. This trial examined a total of 300 teeth in each group: the control group, in which brackets were fixed with a non-fluoride-containing adhesive resin; and the intervention group, in which brackets were fixed with a fluoride-containing adhesive resin...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339691/z-guggulsterone-produces-antidepressant-like-effects-in-mice-through-activation-of-the-bdnf-signaling-pathway
#16
Chao Huang, Wen-Feng Hu, Ji-Li Wang, Peng Wang, Yu Gong, Li-Juan Tong, Bo Jiang, Wei Zhang, Yi-Bin Qin, Zhuo Chen, Rong-Rong Yang
Background: Z-guggulsterone, an active compound extracted from the gum resin of the tree commiphora mukul, has been shown to improve animal memory deficits via activating the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) signaling pathway. Here, we investigated the antidepressant-like effect of Z-guggulsterone in a chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) mouse model of depression. Methods: The effects of Z-guggulsterone were assessed in mice tail suspension test (TST), forced swimming test (FST)...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339597/compositional-differences-in-multi-species-biofilms-formed-on-various-orthodontic-adhesives
#17
Jung-Sub An, Kyungsun Kim, Soha Cho, Bum-Soon Lim, Sug-Joon Ahn
Objectives: To investigate the aspects of multi-species biofilm formation on various orthodontic adhesives with different surface characteristics. Methods: Multi-species biofilms using 13 bacterial species were grown on the surfaces of composite, compomer, and resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGI). The changes in Streptococcus mutans (Sm), Streptococcus sobrinus (Ss), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), and total bacteria were determined at day 1 (T1) and day 4 (T2) using real-time polymerase chain reaction...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339071/direct-interaction-between-caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-and-human-neutrophil-elastase-inhibits-the-growth-and-migration-of-panc-1-cells
#18
Jianhui Duan, Yilixiati Xiaokaiti, Shengjun Fan, Yan Pan, Xin Li, Xuejun Li
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal malignant tumors of the digestive system, but the mechanisms of its development and progression are unclear. Inflammation is thought to be fundamental to pancreatic cancer development and caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is an active component of honey bee resin or propolis with anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. We investigated the inhibitory effects of CAPE on cell growth and migration induced by human neutrophil elastase (HNE) and report that HNE induced cancer cell migration at low doses and growth at higher doses...
March 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339033/role-of-tropomyosin-in-silkworm-allergy
#19
Kyoung Yong Jeong, In-Soo Han, June Yong Lee, Kyung Hee Park, Jae-Hyun Lee, Jung-Won Park
Silkworm pupae are widely consumed in Asian countries and allergic reactions following consumption have been described. However, false‑positive responses in skin prick allergy tests or non‑specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) responses to total extract of silkworm pupa make diagnosis difficult. Although improved allergy diagnosis is required, molecular characterization of silkworm allergens has not been performed to date, except for Bomb m 1, an arginine kinase. This study aimed to evaluate the allergenicity of tropomyosin, a well‑established invertebrate pan‑allergen, from silkworm pupa...
March 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338038/school-based-dental-sealant-programmes-may-be-effective-in-caries-prevention
#20
Tarek Himida, Ucheka Promise
DesignSplit-mouth randomised controlled clinical trial.InterventionSchool-based dental sealant (SBDS) programme. The study population that was selected from 67-year-old pupils of 16 elementary schools in areas of low socioeconomic status within Nice, France. Children with first permanent molar pairs sufficiently erupted for sealing with no caries (ICDAS [International Caries Detection and Assessment System] 0) or initial enamel lesions (ICDAS 1-2) were included. Children were randomised to either the intervention group (light polymerised resin-based sealant with fluoride) or the control group (no treatment)...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
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