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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719875/novel-magnetic-carboxyl-modified-hypercrosslinked-resins-for-effective-removal-of-typical-ppcps
#1
Jing Jin, Tianyu Feng, Yan Ma, Wei Wang, Yunshu Wang, Qing Zhou, Aimin Li
A series of novel magnetic carboxyl modified hypercrosslinked resins were successfully prepared via a sequence of suspension polymerization, hydrolysis and post-crosslinking reactions. The serial resins possessed both high cation exchange capacity and high specific surface area with MA-10 having the supreme specific surface area of 1238.65 m(2)/g and MA-70 having the largest exchange capacity of 6.45 mmol/g. The serial resins exhibited excellent adsorption capacity of typical PPCPs including chloramphenicol, atenolol, ibuprofen and tetracycline, which were neutral, cationic, anionic and zwitterionic respectively in natural water...
July 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719472/contact-sensitization-to-allergens-in-nail-cosmetics
#2
Margaret Chou, Nikhil Dhingra, Tamara Lazic Strugar
Ingredients found in the nail cosmetic industry, including but not limited to methacrylate and acrylate monomers, formaldehyde, and toluene sulfonamide-formaldehyde resin, can incite allergic contact dermatitis. An eczematous outbreak presents on areas surrounding the nail plate and may spread through contact transfer of the allergen, commonly to the face and neck. Even components that were originally deemed nonsensitizing, such as the ubiquitous cyanoacrylate adhesive family, have been found to be allergenic...
July 2017: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717792/accelerated-fatigue-resistance-%C3%A2-of-novel-design-histoanatomic-%C3%A2-implant-restorations-made-of-%C3%A2-cad-cam-bilaminar-assemblies
#3
Ivan Molina, Jack Goldberg, Claudia Maziero Volpato, Pascal Magne
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the fatigue resistance and failure mode of novel-design implant restorations made of histoanatomic computer-assisted design/computer-assisted manufacturing (CAD/CAM) bilaminar bonded assemblies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 60 screw-retained implant restorations were fabricated. Monolithic restorations were used as a control group (15 lithium disilicate: group CE; and 15 nanofilled composite resin: group CL), and compared with bilaminar restorations (15 dentin-shaped lithium disilicate mesostructures with a bonded nanofilled composite resin veneer: group CEL; and 15 dentin-shaped nanofilled composite resin mesostructures with a bonded lithium disilicate veneer: group CLE)...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717632/effect-of-different-intracoronal-bleaching-methods-on-shear-bond-strength-of-ceramic-brackets-bonded-to-bleached-enamel-an-in-vitro-study
#4
Vikas Chauhan, Piush Kumar, Payal Sharma, Divya Shetty
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different intracoronal bleaching methods on the shear bond strength and site of failure of ceramic brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty freshly extracted human maxillary incisors were randomly divided into four groups (n = 15). Endodontic access cavity was prepared and root canals were filled, root fillings were removed 2mm apical to the cementoenamel junction, and a 2-mmthick layer of glass ionomer cement base was applied...
July 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717566/chemical-reactivation-of-resin-embedded-phuji-adds-red-for-simultaneous-two-color-imaging-with-egfp
#5
Wenyan Guo, Xiuli Liu, Yurong Liu, Yadong Gang, Xiaobin He, Yao Jia, Fangfang Yin, Pei Li, Fei Huang, Hongfu Zhou, Xiaojun Wang, Hui Gong, Qingming Luo, Fuqiang Xu, Shaoqun Zeng
The pH-sensitive fluorescent proteins enabling chemical reactivation in resin are useful tools for fluorescence microimaging. EGFP or EYFP is good for such applications. For simultaneous two-color imaging, a suitable red fluorescent protein is an urgent need. Here a pH-sensitive red fluorescent protein, pHuji, is selected and verified to remain pH-sensitive in HM20 resin. We observe 183% fluorescence intensity of pHuji in resin-embeded mouse brain and 29.08-fold fluorescence intensity of reactivated pHuji compared to the quenched state...
July 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717520/modeling-chronic-dacryocystitis-in-rabbits-by-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-with-self-curing-resin
#6
Kai Hou, Tao Ai, Rong Liu, Nan Xiang, Jing Jin, Weikun Hu, Ban Luo
We established a chronic dacryocystitis model by injecting of 0.05, 0.1, and 0.15 ml self-curing resin via the lacrimal punctum in rabbits. Animals were randomized into four groups (n = 11 animals/group). The control group received 0.15 ml normal saline. Within three months postinjection, epiphora and eye discharge were observed. At the 90th day postlacrimal passage irrigation, CT dacryocystography was performed to find changes in the lacrimal image, and hematoxylin and eosin staining was made to identify pathological changes of the lacrimal sac...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717165/fabricating-fast-triggered-electro-active-shape-memory-graphite-silver-nanowires-epoxy-resin-composite-from-polymer-template
#7
Jie Zhou, Hua Li, Ran Tian, Roberto Dugnani, Huiyuan Lu, Yujie Chen, Yiping Guo, Huanan Duan, Hezhou Liu
In recent years shape-memory polymers have been under intense investigation due to their unique mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties that could potentially make them extremely valuable in numerous engineering applications. In this manuscript, we report a polymer-template-assisted assembly manufacturing strategy used to fabricate graphite/silver nanowires/epoxy resin (PGSE) composite. In the proposed method, the porous polymer foams work as the skeleton by forming three-dimensional graphite structure, whereas the silver nanowires act as the continuous conductive network...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716570/protective-effects-of-pistacia-lentiscus-l-fruit-extract-against-calcium-oxalate-monohydrate-induced-proximal-tubular-injury
#8
Nassima Cheraft-Bahloul, Cécile Husson, Meriam Ourtioualous, Sébastien Sinaeve, Djebbar Atmani, Caroline Stévigny, Joëlle L Nortier, Marie-Hélène Antoine
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The world prevalence of kidney stones is increasing and plants are frequently used to treat urolithiasis. Pistacia lentiscus L, a plant which freely grows around the Mediterranean basin areas, is widely used for various pathologies. P. lentiscus has an important impact as it has economical value on top of its pharmacological interest. Decoctions of its aerial parts and/or resin are used to treat kidney stones. AIM OF THE STUDY: To in vitro assess the potential nephroprotective effect of Pistacia lentiscus ethanolic fruit extract (PLEF) on proximal tubular cells in response to the adhesion of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715749/self-assembly-of-zinc-hydroxystannate-on-amorphous-hydrous-tio2-solid-sphere-for-enhancing-fire-safety-of-epoxy-resin
#9
Wei Wang, Yongchun Kan, Jiajia Liu, Kim Meow Liew, Lei Liu, Yuan Hu
Zinc hydroxystannate (ZHS) was fabricated on the surface of amorphous hydrous TiO2 solid spheres (AHTSS) via a layer-by-layer method for improving the fire safety of epoxy resin. AHTSS@PEI@ZHS was prepared by self-assembly of AHTSS, PEI and ZHS. The well-organized fabrication process was proved by TEM, XPS, XRD and SEM tests. TG results illustrated that the incorporation of AHTSS@PEI@ZHS show a higher residue compared with the addition of AHTSS or ZHS alone. In addition, AHTSS@PEI@ZHS filled EP composites exhibits improved flame retardancy and smoke suppression properties evaluated by cone calorimeter test...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715740/rhamnolipid-biosurfactant-complexation-of-rare-earth-elements
#10
David E Hogan, Joan E Curry, Jeanne E Pemberton, Raina M Maier
Rare earth elements (REE) are vital for modern technologies and considered critical materials. This study investigated monorhamnolipid biosurfactant interactions with REE as the basis for REE recovery technology. Conditional stability constants (log β), measured using a resin-based ion exchange method, are reported for 16 REE and metals. These results were combined with existing data for 10 other metals to assess comparative strength and determinants of binding. The stability constants could be divided into three groups: weakly, moderately, and strongly bound...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715401/extraction-of-organochlorine-pesticides-from-plastic-pellets-and-plastic-type-analysis
#11
Marilyne Pflieger, Petra Makorič, Manca Kovač Viršek, Špela Koren
Plastic resin pellets, categorized as microplastics (≤5 mm in diameter), are small granules that can be unintentionally released to the environment during manufacturing and transport. Because of their environmental persistence, they are widely distributed in the oceans and on beaches all over the world. They can act as a vector of potentially toxic organic compounds (e.g., polychlorinated biphenyls) and might consequently negatively affect marine organisms. Their possible impacts along the food chain are not yet well understood...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715372/high-resolution-episcopic-microscopy-hrem-simple-and-robust-protocols-for-processing-and-visualizing-organic-materials
#12
Stefan H Geyer, Barbara Maurer-Gesek, Lukas F Reissig, Wolfgang J Weninger
We provide simple protocols for generating digital volume data with the high-resolution episcopic microscopy (HREM) method. HREM is capable of imaging organic materials with volumes up to 5 x 5 x 7 mm(3) in typical numeric resolutions between 1 x 1 x 1 and 5 x 5 x 5 µm(3). Specimens are embedded in methacrylate resin and sectioned on a microtome. After each section an image of the block surface is captured with a digital video camera that sits on the phototube connected to the compound microscope head. The optical axis passes through a green fluorescent protein (GFP) filter cube and is aligned with a position, at which the bock holder arm comes to rest after each section...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715084/synthesis-of-cupf6-s-binap-loaded-resin-and-its-enantioselectivity-toward-phenylalanine-enantiomers
#13
Xiong Liu, Wenqi Zhou, Longqi Xu
A type of resin-anchored CuPF6 -(S)-BINAP was synthesized and identified. The PS-CuPF6 -(S)-BINAP resin was used to adsorb the phenylalanine enantiomers. The results showed that the adsorption capacity of PS-CuPF6 -(S)-BINAP resin toward L-phenylalanine was higher than that of resin toward D-phenylalanine. PS-CuPF6 -(S)-BINAP resin exhibited good enantioselectivity toward L-phenylalanine and D-phenylalanine. The influence of phenylalanine concentration, pH, adsorption time, and temperature on the enantioselectivity of the resin were investigated...
July 17, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715036/structure-induced-variation-of-thermal-conductivity-in-epoxy-resin-fibers
#14
Xiaoliang Zeng, Yucheng Xiong, Qiang Fu, Rong Sun, Jianbin Xu, Dongyan Xu, Ching-Ping Wong
The ability to control thermal conductivity is important in a wide variety of applications, especially in heat removal, heat insulation, and thermoelectric energy conversion. Herein, we reveal that the thermal conductivity of epoxy resin fibers increases on decreasing the fiber diameter and surpasses the bulk value (0.25 W m(-1) K(-1) at 300 K) for the fiber with a diameter of 211 nm. The variation of thermal conductivity in epoxy resin fibers can likely be attributed to their microstructure change-enhanced interface phonon scattering between amorphous and crystalline regions and the enhanced alignment of the molecular chain orientation...
July 17, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714895/flexible-boron-doped-diamond-bdd-electrodes-for-plant-monitoring
#15
Shoko Tago, Tsuyoshi Ochiai, Seitaro Suzuki, Mio Hayashi, Takeshi Kondo, Akira Fujishima
Detecting the bio-potential changes of plants would be useful for monitoring their growth and health in the field. A sensitive plant monitoring system with flexible boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes prepared from BDD powder and resin (Nafion or Vylon-KE1830) was investigated. The properties of the electrodes were compared with those of small BDD plate-type electrodes by monitoring the bioelectric potentials of potted Aloe and hybrid species in the genus Opuntia. While flexible BDD electrodes have wide potential windows, their cyclic voltammograms are different from those of the BDD plate...
July 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714592/optimized-solid-phase-assisted-synthesis-of-oleic-acid-containing-sirna-nanocarriers
#16
Sören Reinhard, Wei Zhang, Ernst Wagner
Cationic lipo-oligomers containing unsaturated oleic acid are potent siRNA carriers based on electrostatic and hydrophobic lipo-polyplex formation and endosomal membrane destabilization. Lipo-oligomers can be produced by solid-phase supported synthesis in sequence-defined form. However, the trifluoroacetic acid (TFA)-mediated removal of acid-labile protecting groups and cleavage from the resin can be accompanied by side products caused by addition of TFA to the double bonds of oleic acid. Under aqueous conditions, these TFA adducts of oleic acid are converted into hydroxystearic acid derivatives...
July 17, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714211/modeling-of-bispecific-antibody-elution-in-mixed-mode-cation-exchange-chromatography
#17
Yi Feng Lee, Simon Kluters, Mirjam Hillmann, Thomas von Hirschheydt, Christian Frech
The increasing demand for cost-efficient manufacturing of biopharmaceuticals has been the main driving force for the development of novel chromatography resins, which resulted in the development of multimodal or mixed-mode chromatographic resins. Most of them combine electrostatic and hydrophobic functionalities and are designed to deliver unique selectivity and increased binding capacities also at increased ionic strength. However, the mechanism of the protein-resin interaction in mixed-mode chromatography is still not fully understood...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713967/involvement-of-notch2-in-all%C3%A2-trans-retinoic-acid%C3%A2-induced-inhibition-of-mouse-embryonic-palate-mesenchymal-cell-proliferation
#18
Yadong Zhang, Shiyi Dong, Jianning Wang, Miao Wang, Mu Chen, Hongzhang Huang
Cleft palate is among the most common congenital disorders, and can be induced by exposure to all‑trans retinoic acid (atRA) during mice and human embryogenesis. However, the mechanism underlying the implication of atRA in the development of cleft palate has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, atRA administered by gavage resulted in formation of a cleft palate in 99% of treated C57BL/6 mice. Notch2 was revealed to be upregulated in mouse embryonic palate mesenchymal (MEPM) cells in the atRA‑treated group compared with untreated control mice between embryonic day (E)12...
July 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713763/evaluation-of-three-different-processing-techniques-in-the-fabrication-of-complete-dentures
#19
Vamsi Krishna Chintalacheruvu, Rajasekaran Uttukuli Balraj, Lavanya Sireesha Putchala, Sreelekha Pachalla
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study is to compare the effectiveness of three different processing techniques and to find out the accuracy of processing techniques through number of occlusal interferences and increase in vertical dimension after denture processing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 18 patients indicated for complete denture fabrication was selected for the study and they were divided into three subgroups...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713762/comparison-of-the-shaping-ability-of-waveone-reciprocating-files-with-or-without-glide-path-in-simulated-curved-s-shaped-root-canals
#20
Ayca Yilmaz, Enver Sedat Kucukay, Murat Istektepe, Selen Nihal Sisli, Handan Ersev, Isil Karagoz-Kucukay
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare the shaping ability of WaveOne reciprocating files with or without glide path in simulated curved S-shaped root canals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty ISO #15, 0.02 taper, clear resin Endo Training Bloc-S blocks were studied. The simulated curved S-shaped canals were dyed using ink, preinstrumentation images were scanned, and resin blocks were prepared and divided into Group A: PathFile and WaveOne and Group B: WaveOne. All canals were postoperatively scanned...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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