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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926950/development-of-a-textile-nanocomposite-as-naked-eye-indicator-of-the-exposition-to-strong-acids
#1
Isabel Pallás, Maria D Marcos, Ramón Martínez-Máñez, Jose V Ros-Lis
Chemical burns, mainly produced by acids, are a topic of concern. A new sensing material for the detection of strong acids able to be incorporated into textiles has been developed. The material is prepared by the covalent attachment of 2,2',4,4',4″-pentamethoxy triphenyl methanol to a mesoporous material which further is included in a nitro resin to obtain a colourless composite. The response of this composite to diverse acid solutions was tested showing the appearance of an intense purple colour (with a colour difference higher than 160) that can be monitored by the naked eye or could be easily digitised to feed an instrumental sensor...
September 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926166/continuous-production-of-ursodeoxycholic-acid-using-two-cascade-reactors-with-coimmobilized-enzymes
#2
Ming-Min Zheng, Fei-Fei Chen, Hao Li, Chun-Xiu Li, Jian-He Xu
Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is an effective drug for the treatment of hepatitis. In this study, 7α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (7α-HSDH) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), as well as 7β-HSDH and glucose dehydrogenase (GDH), were co-immobilized onto an epoxy-functionalized resin (ES-103) for catalyzing the synthesis of UDCA from chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA). Through optimizing the immobilization pH, time and the loading ratio of enzymes to resin, the specific activities of immobilized LDH-7αHSDH@ES-103 and 7βHSDH-GDH@ES-103 were 43...
September 19, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925550/contemporary-concepts-in-carious-tissue-removal-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Falk Schwendicke
OBJECTIVES: Based on a changed understanding of the disease caries and its pathogenesis, strategies for carious tissue removal have changed, too. This review aims to summarize these changes and to provide clinical recommendations. OVERVIEW: Removing all carious dentin from a cavity is not needed any longer to manage caries or the carious lesion. Instead, the carious lesion should be treated in a way allowing to arrest its activity, while preserving sound tooth tissue and pulp vitality...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925150/-construction-of-nirs-based-process-analytical-system-for-production-of-salvianolic-acid-for-injection-and-relative-discussion
#4
Lei Zhang, Hong-Shui Yue, Ai-Chun Ju, Zheng-Liang Ye
Currently, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been considered as an efficient tool for achieving process analytical technology(PAT) in the manufacture of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) products. In this article, the NIRS based process analytical system for the production of salvianolic acid for injection was introduced. The design of the process analytical system was described in detail, including the selection of monitored processes and testing mode, and potential risks that should be avoided. Moreover, the development of relative technologies was also presented, which contained the establishment of the monitoring methods for the elution of polyamide resin and macroporous resin chromatography processes, as well as the rapid analysis method for finished products...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924667/correlative-in-resin-super-resolution-fluorescence-and-electron-microscopy-of-cultured-cells
#5
Errin Johnson, Rainer Kaufmann
Correlative super-resolution light and electron microscopy (super-resolution CLEM) is a powerful and emerging tool in biological research. The practical realization of these two very different microscopy techniques with their individual requirements remains a challenging task. There is a broad range of approaches to choose from, each with their own advantages and limitations. Here, we present a detailed protocol for in-resin super-resolution CLEM of high-pressure frozen and freeze substituted cultured cells...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923588/development-of-silver-nanoparticle-doped-adsorbents-for-the-separation-and-recovery-of-radioactive-iodine-from-alkaline-solutions
#6
Taewoon Kim, Seung-Kon Lee, Suseung Lee, Jun Sig Lee, Sang Wook Kim
Removing radioactive iodine from solutions containing fission products is essential for nuclear facility decontamination, radioactive waste treatment, and medical isotope production. For example, the production of high-purity fission (99)Mo by irradiation of (235)U with neutrons involves the removal of iodine from an alkaline solution of the irradiated target (which contains numerous fission products and a large quantity of aluminate ions) using silver-based materials or anion-exchange resins. To be practically applicable, the utilized iodine adsorbent should exhibit a decontamination factor of at least 200...
July 19, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923548/survival-of-extensively-damaged-endodontically-treated-incisors-restored-with-different-types-of-posts-and-core-foundation-restoration-material
#7
Priscilla Cardoso Lazari, Marco Aurélio de Carvalho, Altair A Del Bel Cury, Pascal Magne
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Which post-and-core combination will best improve the performance of extensively damaged endodontically treated incisors without a ferrule is still unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the restoration of extensively damaged endodontically treated incisors without a ferrule using glass-ceramic crowns bonded to various composite resin foundation restorations and 2 types of posts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty decoronated endodontically treated bovine incisors without a ferrule were divided into 4 groups and restored with various post-and-core foundation restorations...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921710/non-stick-properties-of-thin-film-coatings-on-dental-restorative-instruments
#8
Jarmo Leppäniemi, Sasha Hoshian, Kimmo Suomalainen, Toni Luoto, Ville Jokinen, Jari Koskinen
The non-stick properties of thin-film coatings on dental-restorative instruments were investigated by static contact-angle measurement using dental filler resin as well as by scanning electron microscopy of the amount of sticking dental restorative material. Furthermore, using a customized dipping measurement set-up, non-stick properties were evaluated by measuring force-by-time when the instrument was pulled out of restorative material. Minor improvements in non-stick properties were obtained with commercial diamond-like carbon and commercial polytetrafluoroethylene-based coatings...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921441/purification-and-autoactivation-method-for-recombinant-coagulation-factor-vii
#9
Vladimir Granovski, Marcela C C Freitas, Mario Soares Abreu-Neto, Dimas T Covas
Recombinant coagulation factor VII is a very important and complex protein employed for treatment of hemophiliac patients (hemophilia A/B) who develop inhibitors antibodies to conventional treatments (FVIII and FIX). The rFVII is a glycosylated molecule and circulates in plasma as zymogen of 50 kDa. When activated the molecule is cleaved to 20-30 kDa and has a half-life of about 3 h, needing to be processed fast and efficiently until freeze-drying. Here, we describe a very simple and fast purification sequence for rFVII using affinity FVII Select resin and a dialysis system that can be easily scaled up...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920481/two-new-lignans-from-the-resin-of-bursera-microphylla-a-gray-and-their-cytotoxic-activity
#10
Giulia Gigliarelli, Claudia Zadra, Lina Cossignani, Ramon Enrique Robles Zepeda, Luisa Alondra Rascón-Valenzuela, Carlos Arturo Velázquez-Contreras, Maria Carla Marcotullio
Two new lignans, namely 7-O-podophyllotoxinyl butyrate (1) and dihydroclusin 9-acetate (2), were isolated from the dichloromethane fraction of a methanol extract of Bursera microphylla (Burseraceae), along with eight known lignans (3-10). Their structures were determined by means of comprehensive spectroscopic analysis. Lignans 2-6 were tested for their anti-proliferative activity on the cancer cell lines LS180, A549 and HeLa, and on a non-cancer cell line, ARPE-19. Only compounds 4 and 5 showed an interesting activity on HeLa cells...
September 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919716/palatability-and-physical-properties-of-potassium-binding-resin-rdx7675-comparison-with-sodium-polystyrene-sulfonate
#11
Vanessa Zann, John McDermott, Jeffrey W Jacobs, James P Davidson, Fangling Lin, Paul Korner, Robert C Blanks, David P Rosenbaum
BACKGROUND: Hyperkalemia is a potentially life-threatening condition that patients with heart failure or chronic kidney disease, especially those taking renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors, are at high risk of developing. Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS), a current treatment, binds potassium within the gastrointestinal tract to reduce potassium absorption. However, poor palatability limits its long-term use. RDX7675, a novel potassium binder in development for the treatment of hyperkalemia, is a calcium salt of a reengineered polystyrene sulfonate-based resin designed to have enhanced palatability...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918273/volatile-and-semivolatile-emissions-from-the-pyrolysis-of-almond-shell-loaded-with-heavy-metals
#12
M A Martín-Lara, N Ortuño, J A Conesa
Heavy metal-loaded almond shell was subjected to pyrolysis to understand the effect of the presence of different heavy metals on its thermal degradation. Pyrolysis behavior of native and metal-loaded samples was studied by thermogravimetric analysis. Similar shapes of thermogravimetric curves indicate that the presence of cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni) and lead (Pb) did not change the main degradation pathways of almond shell. However, the temperature at which the decomposition in each stage takes place at a higher rate and char yield was considerably modified by the presence of Cr and Ni...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917710/molecular-identification-of-vermamoeba-vermiformis-from-freshwater-fish-in-lake-taal-philippines
#13
Giovanni D Milanez, Frederick R Masangkay, Rey C Thomas, Ma Olive Grace O Ordona, Gabriel Q Bernales, Vyanna Camille M Corpuz, Hannah Selina V Fortes, Charezze Margarette S Garcia, Larra Camille Nicolas, Veeranoot Nissapatorn
Free Living Amoebae (FLA) are considered ubiquitous. FLAs may infect various biological organisms which act as reservoir hosts. Infected freshwater fishes can pose a public health concern due to possible human consumption. This study aims to identify possible pathogenic FLAs present in freshwater fishes. Seventy five (75) Oreochromis niloticus were studied for the presence of FLAs. Fish organs were suspended in physiologic saline pelleted and cultured in non-nutrient agar (NNA) lawned with Escherichia coli and were incubated in 33 °C for 14 days...
September 13, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917571/academy-of-dental-materials-guidance-resin-composites-part-ii-technique-sensitivity-handling-polymerization-dimensional-changes
#14
J L Ferracane, T J Hilton, J W Stansbury, D C Watts, N Silikas, N Ilie, S Heintze, M Cadenaro, R Hickel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work, commissioned by the Academy of Dental Materials, was to review and critically appraise test methods to characterize properties related to critical issues for dental resin composites, including technique sensitivity and handling, polymerization, and dimensional stability, in order to provide specific guidance to investigators planning studies of these properties. METHODS: The properties that relate to each of the main clinical issues identified were ranked in terms of their priority for testing, and the specific test methods within each property were ranked...
September 13, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917087/evaluation-of-four-different-restorative-materials-for-restoration-of-the-periodontal-condition-of-wedge-shaped-defect-a-comparative-study
#15
Jian-Yong Ruan, Zheng-Lin Gong, Rui-Zhi Zhang, Zhe Zhang, Ran Xu, Da-Xu Li, Le Ren, Hong Tao
BACKGROUND This study aimed to conduct a clinical evaluation of four restorative materials for restoration of dental wedge-shaped defect (WSD) and their impacts on periodontal tissues. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 280 maxillary premolars with dental WSD were selected from 106 patients; the patient cases were divided into eight groups according to different combinations of restorative materials (flowable resin composites, Dyract compomers, glass ionomer cement (GIC), light-curing composite resin), and WSD positions (approaching gingival and subgingival positions)...
September 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916464/adhesion-procedure-for-cad-cam-resin-crown-bonding-reduction-of-bond-strengths-due-to-artificial-saliva-contamination
#16
Asuka Kawaguchi-Uemura, Atsushi Mine, Mariko Matsumoto, Yuko Tajiri, Mami Higashi, Tomoshige Kabetani, Ryosuke Hagino, Dai Imai, Takuya Minamino, Jiro Miura, Hirofumi Yatani
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to elucidate how saliva contamination affects microtensile bond strength of resin cement to CAD/CAM resin blocks and identify a decontamination method that can restore original bond strength. METHODS: The KATANA AVENCIA block (Kuraray Noritake Dental) was sandblasted on the adherend surface (P-Co group). Then, the block was contaminated with artificial saliva (Saliveht Aerosol, Teijin). Air dry (N-Co), sandblasting (Sb) and phosphate acid cleaning (AT) groups were prepared...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916345/is-a-technetium-99m-macroaggregated-albumin-scan-essential-in-the-workup-for-selective-internal-radiation-therapy-with-yttrium-90-an-analysis-of-532-patients
#17
Lidia Sancho, Macarena Rodriguez-Fraile, Jose Ignacio Bilbao, Carmen Beorlegui Arteta, Mercedes Iñarrairaegui, Veronica Moran, Bruno Sangro
PURPOSE: To determine if baseline patient, tumor, and pretreatment evaluation characteristics could help identify patients who require technetium-99m ((99m)Tc) macroaggregated albumin ((99m)Tc MAA) imaging before selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, 532 consecutive patients with primary (n = 248) or metastatic (n = 284) liver tumors were evaluated between 2006 and 2015. Variables were compared between patients in whom (99m)Tc MAA imaging results contraindicated/modified SIRT administration with yttrium-90 ((90)Y) resin microspheres and those who were treated as initially planned...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916099/a-modified-dgt-technique-for-the-simultaneous-measurement-of-dissolved-inorganic-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-in-freshwaters
#18
Jianyin Huang, William W Bennett, Peter R Teasdale, Nadeeka Rathnayake Kankanamge, David T Welsh
A modified diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique uses both a mixed binding layer (PrCH and A520E resins for NH4-N and NO3-N, respectively) and multiple binding layers (Metsorb binding layer for PO4-P overlying the mixed binding layer) for the simultaneous measurement of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (nitrate and ammonium) and phosphate in freshwater (INP-DGT). High uptake and elution efficiencies were determined for a mixed (PrCH/A520E) binding gel for dissolved inorganic nitrogen and an agarose-based Metsorb binding layer for PO4-P...
October 2, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916097/determination-of-99-tc-in-fresh-water-using-tru-resin-by-icp-ms
#19
Nicolas Guérin, Remi Riopel, Sheila Kramer-Tremblay, Nimal de Silva, Jack Cornett, Xiongxin Dai
Technetium-99 ((99)Tc) determination at trace level by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is challenging because there is no readily available appropriate Tc isotopic tracer. A new method using Re as a recovery tracer to determine (99)Tc in fresh water samples, which does not require any evaporation step, was developed. Tc(VII) and Re(VII) were pre-concentrated on a small anion exchange resin (AER) cartridge from one litre of water sample. They were then efficiently eluted from the AER using a potassium permanganate (KMnO4) solution...
October 2, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915486/ultrathin-beta-nickel-hydroxide-nanosheets-grown-along-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes-a-novel-nanohybrid-for-enhancing-flame-retardancy-and-smoke-toxicity-suppression-of-unsaturated-polyester-resin
#20
Yun Hai, Saihua Jiang, Xiaodong Qian, Shuidong Zhang, Ping Sun, Bo Xie, Ningning Hong
Novel nanohybrid (β-Ni(OH)2-CNTs) obtained by ultrathin Beta-Nickel hydroxide (β-Ni(OH)2) nanosheets grown along multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was successfully synthesized and then incorporated into UPR to prepare UPR/β-Ni(OH)2-CNTs nanocomposites. Structure of β-Ni(OH)2-CNTs nanohybrid was confirmed by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy measurements. Compared with single CNTs or β-Ni(OH)2, the dispersion of β-Ni(OH)2-CNTs in UPR was improved greatly. And the UPR/β-Ni(OH)2-CNTs nanocomposites exhibited significant improvements in flame retardancy, smoke suppression, and mechanical properties, including decreased peak heat release rate by 39...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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