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Zhongjun Liu, Xinyuan Zhao, Xiongqun Zeng, Shuaimei Xu, Yu Lu, Dingming Huang
Resin adhesive restorations are susceptible to oral fluid contamination and greatly influenced by dentinal tubule fluid because of pulpal pressure, especially when the restorative cavities are near gingival tissues. This study designed a novel model to evaluate the microleakage of self-adhesive flowable composite and traditional resin adhesives under simulated subgingival cavity preparations and pulpal pressure. We applied three different adhesive systems, include Vertise Flow, Optibond all-in-one, and Optibond S, on premolars with V-shaped cavity...
June 20, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Hui Theng Chee, Wan Zaripah Wan Bakar, Zuryati Ab Ghani, Bennett T Amaechi
Background: Composite resin (CR) currently is one of the most commonly used material in restoring noncarious cervical lesions (NCCL) due to its strength and esthetics color but has microleakage problem. The aim of this study is to compare in vitro the microleakage depth between CR and porcelain in restoring NCCL. Materials and Methods: This an in vitro study was done by preparing cavities on the buccocervical surface of 62 extracted premolar teeth which randomly assigned to two groups ( n = 31) where Group 1 was restored with nanocomposite and Group 2 was cemented with porcelain cervical inlays...
May 2018: Dental Research Journal
Ladan Madani, Edwin Sarkisians, Nazanin Kiomarsi, Mohammad Javad Kharazi Fard, Nasim Chiniforush
OBJECTIVES: Disinfection of enamel and dentin following cavity preparation is a necessity. Considering the possible effect of antimicrobial agents on tooth structure and dental adhesives, this study aimed to assess the microleakage of composite restorations following disinfection of cavity walls with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standard class V cavities were prepared in the buccal surfaces of 68 extracted human premolars. The teeth were then randomly divided into four groups (n = 17) for use of different adhesive systems (Adper Single Bond 2 or One-Step Plus) and disinfection with aPDT...
June 12, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Rujuta A Katkar, Satyashankara Aditya Tadinada, Bennett T Amaechi, Daniel Fried
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive diagnostic technique providing cross-sectional images of biologic structures based on the differences in tissue optical properties. OCT has been widely used in numerous clinical applications and is becoming popular as a promising technology in dentistry. Today, dental hard (tooth) and soft (hard palate mucosa and gingiva mucosa) tissues are visualized with OCT. With new developments in technology, the applications of OCT are being investigated in various fields in dentistry, such as to detect microleakage around restoration, tooth cracks/fractures, examination of periodontal tissues/pockets, early detection of oral cancerous tissues, and in endodontics for location of pulp canal...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
Rakesh Singla, Sanjay Tewari, Jigyasa Duhan, Sudhir Kumar, Gurdeep Singh Gill, Namita Jain
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of 2% lignocaine containing 1:80,000 adrenaline on the microleakage and ultrastructure of resin tooth interface using an acetone based total etch adhesive (Prime and Bond NT) and an ethanol water based self etch adhesive system (Xeno III). Materials and method: Class V cavities were prepared on buccal surfaces of 72 maxillary first premolars scheduled for orthodontic extraction. In 36 premolars procedure was performed under local anaesthesia (LA) and in other 36 teeth without LA...
May 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Rahul Pandey, Nivedita Dixit, Kuldeep Kumar Dixit, Sonali Roy, Chakshu Gaba, Charu Goyal
Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the microleakage of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Geristore root-end filling materials in different environments. Materials and Methods: After removing the anatomical crowns of ninety extracted human maxillary central incisors, their root canals were instrumented and obturated. The apical 3 mm of each root was resected, and a standardized root-end cavity was prepared using an ultrasonic tip. The roots were alienated into three equal subgroups for each material and the root-end filling was performed in different environments namely dry, saliva contaminated, and blood contaminated...
May 2018: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Y M Tian, R S Zhuge, Z T Zhang, D X Zheng, N Ding, Y M Li
OBJECTIVES: Pits and fissures sealing with flowable materials is a popular method for preventing caries in preventive dentistry while there is still microleakage existed. This in vitro study aimed to explore the effects of subpressure technique on the sealing ability of pit and fissure sealant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-one extracted human premolars were collected in this study and treated with different pressure (atmosphere pressure as group C, -0...
June 6, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Emilie Luong, Amir Shayegan
Aim: The aim of this study was to make a comparison between microleakage of conventionally restored class V cavities using acid etchant and the ones conditioned by erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser, and also to assess and compare the effectiveness of enamel surface treatments of occlusal pits and fissures by acid etching and conditioned by Er:YAG laser-etch. Materials and methods: Seventy-two extracted third molars were used in this study. The samples were divided into two major groups: class V cavities and pit and fissure sealants...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
Tapati Manohar Sinhal, Ruchi Rani Purvesh Shah, Pratik Subhas Jais, Nimisha Chinmay Shah, Krupali Dhirubhai Hadwani, Tushar Rothe, Neha Nilesh Sinhal
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare and to evaluate sealing ability of newly introduced C-point system, cold lateral condensation, and thermoplasticized gutta-percha obturating technique using a dye extraction method. Materials and Methodology: Sixty extracted maxillary central incisors were decoronated below the cementoenamel junction. Working length was established, and biomechanical preparation was done using K3 rotary files with standard irrigation protocol...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Ella A Naumova, Fabian Schiml, Wolfgang H Arnold, Andree Piwowarczyk
OBJECTIVES: The marginal quality of ceramic inlays was evaluated after the use of three different instrumental finishing methods in mesio-occluso-distal (mod) cavity boxes in vitro after hydrothermal loading (HTL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caries-free human molars were divided into three groups. Mod-cavities were conventionally prepared. Box finishing was performed in every group with rotating (RI), sonic (SI), or ultrasonic (USI) instruments. Surface roughness was examined...
June 4, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
I Politi, L E J McHugh, R S Al-Fodeh, G J P Fleming
OBJECTIVE: To modify the resin-based composite (RBC) restoration protocol for standardised Class II cavities in third molar teeth restored using conventional RBCs or their bulk fill restorative counterparts. Employing cuspal deflection using a twin channel deflection measuring gauge (during) and microleakage to determine marginal integrity (following) RBC restoration, the modified restoration protocol results were compared with traditional (oblique) restoration of Class II cavities. METHODS: Thirty-two sound third molar teeth, standardised by size and morphology, were subjected to standardised Class II cavity preparations and randomly allocated to four groups...
May 29, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Alaa Turkistani, Maha Almutairi, Nouf Banakhar, Reem Rubehan, Sulafa Mugharbil, Ahmed Jamleh, Adnan Nasir, Turki Bakhsh
OBJECTIVE: In this in vitro study, cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT) was used to evaluate microleakage in dental composite restorations bonded to enamel with two types of one-step self-etching (SE) adhesives. BACKGROUND DATA: One-step SE adhesives were proposed to simplify bonding of composite restorations. However, bonding of these simplified adhesive to dental enamel is still questionable. OCT is a promising diagnostic tool that allows micron-scale imaging of biological tissues and structures...
May 29, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Diva Lugassy, Pnina Segal, Sigalit Blumer, Michal Eger, Asaf Shely, Shlomo Matalon
OBJECTIVES: A lack of appropriate adhesiveness is one of the biggest problems in restorative dentistry today and the main cause of microleakage. This is especially true in pediatric dentistry where moisture control is more difficult to achieve. Glass ionomer restorative materials increase adhesion and decrease microleakage given their chemical adhesion to the remaining tooth substance. Pretreatment improves the adhesion quality. The aim of this study was to assess the microleakage of Glass ionomer restorative materials following application of 20% polyacrylic acid, 10% polyacrylic acid or 2% chlorhexidine digluconate in Class V cavities...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Gh Mortazavi, S A R Mortazavi, A R Mehdizadeh
A large body of evidence now indicates that the amount of mercury released from dental amalgam fillings can be significantly accelerated by exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs) such as common mobile phones and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Studies performed on the increased microleakage of dental amalgam restorations after exposure to RF-EMFs have further supported these findings. Although the accelerated microleakage induced by RF-EMFs is clinically significant, the entire mechanisms of this phenomenon are not clearly understood...
March 2018: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
Fabricio Guerrero, Esther Berástegui
Background: The purpose of this study is to compare the porosity of two repair cements, White ProRoot® MTA and Biodentine®. These samples were analyzed by using micro-computed microtomography. Material and Methods: Sixteen samples were used in the study that were divided according to the composition of the materials used. White ProRoot® MTA (n = 8) and Biodentine® (n = 8) were the samples prepared according to the manufacturer's instructions. They were placed in silicone molds of 5 ± 0...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Fereshteh Shafiei, Maryam Doozandeh, Vahid Karimi
This study evaluated the effect of fiber inserts combined with composite resins on enamel and dentin margin microleakage. The fiber inserts were used with high- (x-tra fil) and low-viscosity (x-tra base) bulk-fill composite resins and as well as conventional composite resins (Grandio and Grandio Flow). In 96 sound, recently extracted molars, 2 standardized Class II cavities were prepared. The teeth were randomly divided into 8 groups of 12 teeth each, based on composite resin type and presence or absence of fiber inserts: groups 1 and 2, x-tra fil with and without fiber inserts, respectively; groups 3 and 4, x-tra base with and without fiber inserts; groups 5 and 6, Grandio with and without fiber inserts; and groups 7 and 8, Grandio Flow liner (gingival floor)/Grandio (remainder of cavity) with and without fiber inserts...
May 2018: General Dentistry
Barry M Owens, Jeffrey G Phebus, William W Johnson
This in vitro study evaluated the marginal microleakage of a bioactive restorative with other restorative materials in standard Class V preparations. Sixty previously extracted, noncarious human molars were randomly assigned to 3 experimental groups (n = 20): a bioactive composite resin, a universal hybrid composite resin, and a resin-modified glass ionomer restorative. Class V cavities were prepared on the facial or lingual surface of each tooth so that coronal margins were located in enamel and apical margins in cementum (dentin)...
May 2018: General Dentistry
Mohsen Ramazani, Mohammad Asnaashari, Roghayyeh Ahmadi, Nafiseh Zarenejad, Alireza Rafie, Jamshid Yazadani Charati
Introduction: This in vitro study aimed at comparing the effect of agitating the final irrigant solutions of root canal by ultrasonic or using 808 nm Diode laser on the apical seal of canal. Methods and Materials: A total of 90 extracted human maxillary central incisors were prepared up to size #45 and were randomly assigned to 4 experimental groups ( n =20) and two control groups ( n =5) respectively, as follows: I ): 3 mL of 5.25% NaOCl was agitated as final irrigant solution with ultrasonic for 30 sec...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
Maximiliane Amelie Schlenz, Alexander Schmidt, Peter Rehmann, Thomas Niem, Bernd Wöstmann
OBJECTIVES: To investigate debonding of full crowns made of CAD/CAM composites, CAD/CAM technology was applied to manufacture standardized test abutments to increase the reproducibility of human teeth used in in vitro studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A virtual test abutment and the corresponding virtual crown were designed and two STL data sets were generated. Sixty-four human third molars and CAD/CAM blocks were milled using a CNC machine. Crowns of four different composite blocks (Lava Ultimate (LU), Brilliant Crios (BC), Cerasmart (CS), Experimental (EX)) were adhesively bonded with their corresponding luting system (LU: Scotchbond Universal/RelyX Ultimate; BC: One Coat 7 Universal/DuoCem; CS: G-PremioBond/G-Cem LinkForce; EX: Experimental-Bond/Experimental-Luting-Cement)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Maham Muneeb Lone, Farhan Raza Khan, Muneeb Ahmed Lone
OBJECTIVE: To compare apical microleakage of extracted, single-rooted teeth obturated with thermoplasticized injectable gutta-percha using two different endodontic sealers (calcium-hydroxide and resin based). STUDY DESIGN: An experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), Dental Clinics and Laboratory from June to September 2015. METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted using extracted teeth...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
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