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Cervical disc disease

Che-Wei Hung, Ming-Fang Wu, Gwo-Fane Yu, Chin-Chu Ko, Cheng-Hsing Kao
PURPOSE: To analyze sagittal balance of the cervical spine after three operative methods for three consecutive levels. METHODS: A retrospective case selection and observational study was performed from December 2012 to December 2015: 20 patients underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, 22 patients underwent hybrid surgery (HS), and 20 patients underwent total disc replacement (TDR). Perioperative parameters, clinical outcomes, and preoperative and postoperative sagittal parameters were recorded...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Min Kyoung Kim, Sung Eun Sim, Yong-Chul Kim, Jung Soo Kim, Seok Min Kwon, Yongjae Yoo, Chang-Soon Lee, Jee Youn Moon
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous cervical nucleoplasty (PCN) is an effective treatment for cervical herniated intervertebral disc (C-HIVD). In this retrospective study, we evaluated clinical predictors that affect the successful outcome of PCN. METHODS: Fluoroscopy-guided PCN was conducted for C-HIVD by one pain physician. Successful outcome was defined as a combination of > 50% pain relief on the numerical rating scale (NRS) pain score, no increase in analgesics, and no cervical epidural steroid injection during the 3-month follow-up period...
March 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Yang Xiong, Lin Xu, Xing Yu, Yongdong Yang, Dingyan Zhao, Zhengguo Hu, Chuanhong Li, He Zhao, Lijun Duan, Bingbing Zhang, Sixue Chen, Tao Liu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the mid-term outcomes of hybrid surgery and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for the treatment of contiguous 2-segment cervical degenerative disc diseases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Hybrid surgery has become one of the most controversial subjects in spine communities, and the comparative studies of hybrid surgery and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion in the mid- and long-term follow-up are rarely reported...
March 15, 2018: Spine
Andrew T Koogler, Michael Kushelev
A 76-year-old male presented for reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in the beach chair position. A preoperative interscalene nerve catheter was placed under direct ultrasound-guidance utilizing a posterior in-plane approach. On POD 2, the catheter was removed. Three weeks postoperatively, the patient reported worsening dyspnea with a subsequent chest X-ray demonstrating an elevated right hemidiaphragm. Pulmonary function testing revealed worsening deficit from presurgical values consistent with phrenic nerve palsy...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
Guang-Zhi Ning, Shun-Li Kan, Ru-Sen Zhu, Shi-Qing Feng
OBJECTIVE: Mobi-C cervical disc arthroplasty (MCDA) has been regarded as an alternative to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). In this study, the effectiveness and safety between MCDA and ACDF for symptomatic cervical degenerative disc disease was evaluated. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials. Studies were included based on the eligibility criteria. Risk of bias assessment and quality of evidence assessment were performed...
March 7, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Jiaquan Luo, Hongbo Wang, Jun Peng, Zhongyuan Deng, Zhen Zhang, Shixue Liu, Daidong Wang, Ming Gong, Shuo Tang
BACKGROUND: The concern of adjacent segment disease (ASD) has led to the development of motion-preserving technologies such as cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA). However, there is still controversy whether CDA is superior to anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) as to the incidence of ASD. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the rate of ASD between CDA and ACDF. METHODS: Systematic searches of all relevant studies through November. 2017 were identified from Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase and CNKI...
February 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ehab Shiban, Moritz Nies, Johann Kogler, Lorenz Kogler, Pedro Ribeiro da Cunha, Bernhard Meyer, Jens Lehmberg
AIM: To correlate clinical and radiological outcome following one- and two-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with stand-alone polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages filled with demineralized bone matrix (DBM). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a consecutive patient cohort with degenerative disc disease that underwent ACDF with stand-alone PEEK cages filled with demineralized bone matrix (DBM) between 2010 and 2013 with a minimum follow-up of 12 months...
February 26, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Joseph L Laratta, Jamal N Shillingford, Comron Saifi, K Daniel Riew
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Degenerative disc disease and spondylosis resulting in radiculopathy and retrodiscal myelopathy are among the most frequently encountered cervical spinal disorders. Traditionally, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) has successfully achieved neural decompression and restored intradiscal height in these conditions. Unfortunately, nonunion and iatrogenic adjacent segment pathology associated with fusion procedures in the cervical spine has led to an interest in motion-preserving procedures...
February 2018: Global Spine Journal
Da Bao, Dawei Li
Artificial disc replacement alone is unable to completely cure cervical degenerative diseases; thus, a stabilization device markedly improves patient recovery. In order to meet this requirement, an anterior spinal instrumentation combining a prosthetic disc nucleus with a flexible stabilization device (ASI combining PDN/FD) was developed. An artificial disc was designed and manufactured using polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel (PVA-H) with a repeated freeze-melting technique, and subsequently the dehydration and swelling properties of the PVA-H were investigated...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Guang-Zhou Li, Ying Hong, Hao Liu, Li-Tai Ma, Yi Yang, Chen Ding, Bei-Yu Wang, Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the hemostatic effect between absorbable hemostatic fluid gelatin (HFG) and absorbable gelatin sponge(GS) during operation of unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty. METHODS: The clinical data of 83 patients underwent unilateral open-door cervical expansive laminoplasty from February 2014 to May 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the used hemostatic materials, patients were divided into two groups. In HFG group, there were 30 males and 11 females, ranging in age from 29 to 81 years, with an average of(55...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Savvas L Spanos, Ioannis D Siasios, Vassilios G Dimopoulos, Konstantinos N Paterakis, Dimos S Mastrogiannis, Theofanis P Giannis, Aggeliki A Fotiadou, John Pollina, Kostas N Fountas
Background: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage is considered as the gold standard for patients with cervical disc disease. However, there are limited in vivo data on the impact of ACDF on the cervical kinematics and its association with patient-reported clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of altered cervical sagittal alignment (cervical lordosis) and sagittal range of motion (ROM) on patients' self-reported pain and functional disability, after ACDF with a PEEK cage...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Yu Yamamoto, Masahito Hara, Yusuke Nishimura, Shoichi Haimoto, Toshihiko Wakabayashi
Transvertebral foraminotomy (TVF) combined with anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) can be used to treat multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy and radiculopathy; however, the radiological outcomes and effectiveness of this hybrid procedure are unknown. We retrospectively assessed 22 consecutive patients treated with combined TVF and ACDF between January 2007 and May 2016. The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score and Odom's criteria were analyzed. Radiological assessment included the C2-7 sagittal Cobb angle (CA) and range of motion (ROM)...
February 7, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Laura Hill, David Aboud, James Elliott, John Magnussen, Michele Sterling, Daniel Steffens, Mark Hancock
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to identify pathology contributing to neck pain. However, the importance of findings on MRI remains unclear. PURPOSE: To investigate whether findings on cervical spine MRI predict future neck pain. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. PATIENT SAMPLE: People with or without neck pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinically important neck pain outcomes such as pain and disability...
February 2, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Axiang He, Dong Xie, Bo Qu, Xiaomin Cai, Qin Kong, Lili Yang, Xiongsheng Chen, Lianshun Jia
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy is a common disease that affects millions of people. Patients usually are managed by conservative therapy and surgical treatments. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes between cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) and conservative management for patients with single level cervical radiculopathy at C5/6. METHODS: Seventy-two patients with cervical radiculopathy that only affect C5/6 joints were included and thirty-two of them received CDA surgery, and forty patients were treated with conservative management...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Kai-Feng Wang, Shuo Duan, Zhen-Qi Zhu, Hai-Ying Liu, Chen-Jun Liu, Shuai Xu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the mid-long-term follow-up of the safety and efficacy of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), cervical artificial disc replacement (CADR) and hybrid surgery (HS) for bi-level cervical degenerative disc disease (cDDD). METHODS: 77 patients who underwent ACDF, HS and CADR were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical effects were evaluated based on NDI, VAS and JOA scores, and the Odom criteria. Radiographic outcomes were evaluated, including cervical range of motion(ROM), operative and adjacent segments ROM, incidence of adjacent segments degeneration(ASD) and heterotopic ossification(HO)...
January 30, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Ziqiang Wang, Liangliang Zhou, Bin Lin, Keran Song, Qinghe Niu, Dongfeng Ren, Jiaguang Tang
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence and causes of non-fusion segment disease (NFSD), both adjacent and non-adjacent to a fused segment, after anterior cervical arthrodesis. METHODS: This is a single-center study. Between January 1998 and January 2011, two surgeons' 171 patients who had an anterior cervical decompression and fusion were followed clinically for more than 5 years. The correlation between the incidence of symptomatic non-fusion segment disease and the following clinical parameters (age at operation, fusion levels,) and radiological parameters (number of patients who had a plate, anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) or corpectomies, preoperative and postoperative cervical spine alignment, Pavlov's ratio at the C5 level, and preoperative existence of a non-fusion segment degeneration on magnetic resonance imaging) was evaluated...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Anita Bhansali, Michael Musacchio, Noam Stadlan
Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) has emerged as a popular alternative to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for the surgical treatment of cervical degenerative disc disease. CDA has been well studied, with efficacy reported to be equivalent to or better than that seen with ACDF, and it is associated with a consistently low incidence of adverse events. The development or progression of myelopathy after CDA is a particularly rare occurrence. In this report, the authors describe the first known case of recurrence of myelopathy at the index level of surgery after CDA implantation due the continuation of the spondylitic process after placement of the artificial disc...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Yingjie Lu, Weiguo Bao, Zongyi Wang, Feng Zhou, Jun Zou, Weimin Jiang, Huilin Yang, Zhiming Zhang, Xuesong Zhu
Comparing the clinical and radiographic outcomes in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using a zero-profile anchored spacer (ROI-C) or a conventional cage-plate construct (CPC) for treating noncontiguous bilevel of cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD).Overall, 46 patients with 2 noncontiguous segments of CDDD, treated with ACDF from January 2011 to October 2015, were included in this study. ROI-C was used in 22 patients (group A) and CPC in 24 patients (group B). The clinical and radiographic outcomes and complications were compared pre- and postoperatively...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Siddharth A Badve, Pierce D Nunley, Swamy Kurra, William F Lavelle
Cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) was developed as an alternative for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for nerve root decompression. The rationale behind CDA was to help prevent adjacent segment degeneration which potentially may lead to additional surgery. Multiple randomized controlled trials have evaluated a myriad of disc arthroplasty devices over the past 10 years and provided data regarding clinical benefits and safety. Their long-term data, reporting results at 5-10 years, presents the opportunity to comment on the overall efficacy, safety and reported complications of these devices...
March 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Xinlin Gao, Yi Yang, Hao Liu, Yang Meng, Junfeng Zeng, Tingkui Wu, Ying Hong
The objective of this study is to present the long-term results and to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Prestige-LP cervical disc replacement in treatment of patients with symptomatic 2-level cervical degenerative disc disease.Twenty-four patients with 48 Prestige-LP disc were analyzed before surgery and at 1 week, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, 24 months, and 60 months after surgery. Clinical assessments included 36-Short Form (SF-36), Japanese Orthopedic Assessment (JOA), visual analog scale (VAS), and Neck Disability Index (NDI) scores...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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