keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rectum

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644145/colorectal-carcinoma-with-osseous-metaplasia
#1
Xibo Liu, Jinghong Xu, Lirong Chen
Osseous metaplasia (OM) is rarely observed in colorectal cancer (incidence < 0.4% in rectal cancer), where it has a non-specific clinical presentation and unknown pathogenesis. Here, we report three cases of colorectal carcinoma with OM and propose a new hypothesis. All three patients (two males and one female) were Chinese and had different sites of colorectal carcinoma with OM: rectum, sigmoid colon, and appendix. The pathologic diagnoses were serrated adenocarcinoma; moderately to poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with micropapillary carcinoma and cribriform comedo-type adenocarcinoma; and mucinous adenocarcinoma, respectively...
June 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643315/-technical-advantages-of-nano-carbon-development-combined-with-artery-approach-in-lymph-node-sorting-of-rectal-cancer
#2
Yuzhou Zhao, Guangsen Han, Jian Li, Yanhui Gu, Pengfei Ma, Chenyu Liu, Mingke Huo, Junli Zhang, Yanghui Cao, Shijia Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the technical advantages of nano carbon development combined with artery approach in lymph node sorting of rectal cancer. METHODS: From December 2015 to June 2016, 70 patients with of rectal cancer in General Surgery Department of Henan Cancer Hospital were randomly divided into nano carbon development combined with artery approach group(artery approach group) and conventional group. Specimen of artery approach group was placed on the sorting table...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643312/-comparison-of-short-term-outcomes-of-transrectal-specimen-extraction-during-laparoscopic-sigmoid-radical-resection-versus-conventional-laparoscopically-assisted-procedure
#3
Junjie Xing, Chenxin Zhang, Xiaohong Yang, Hao Wang, Hantao Wang, Enda Yu, Chuangang Fu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term outcomes between transrectal specimen extraction during laparoscopic sigmoid radical resection and conventional laparoscopy-assisted sigmoid radical resection. METHODS: Sixteen patients(transrectal specimen extraction group,4 females and 12 males), who were planned to undergo laparoscopically assisted sigmoid radical resection with BMI<28 kg/m(2) and were evaluated as T1-T3 tumor by iconography without distant metastasis, were selected to undergo transrectal specimen extraction during laparoscopic sigmoid radical resection from December 2015 to April 2016 in the Department of Anorectal Surgery of Changhai Hospital...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643310/-establishment-of-a-prognostic-nomogram-to-predict-long-term-survival-in-non-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-patients
#4
Xiaojie Wang, Pan Chi, Huiming Lin, Xingrong Lu, Ying Huang, Zongbin Xu, Shenghui Huang, Yanwu Sun, Daoxiong Ye
OBJECTIVE: To establish a nomogram to predict long-term survival in non-metastatic colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted in patients with non-metastatic colorectal cancer who underwent radical surgery in the Department of Colorectal Surgery of Affiliated Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University between January 2000 and December 2014. Univariate and multivariate analyses on disease-free survival (DFS) were performed using the Cox proportional regression model...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643303/-application-of-fascia-orientation-of-pelvic-autonomic-nerve-preservation-in-rectal-cancer-surgery
#5
Xiaobo Liang, Yi Wang, Guolong Ma
Rectal cancer has become the second most common gastrointestinal tumor in our country. With the development of comprehensive treatment, the long-term survival rate of patients with rectal cancer has greatly increased, meanwhile, higher postoperative quality of life is required. But the genitourinary dysfunction which is mainly caused by intraoperative pelvic autonomic nerve damage haunts postoperative rectal cancer patients. Traditional pelvic autonomic nerve protection technology born in the 1980s only improves urogenital function in a part of postoperative patients...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643302/-comparison-of-robotic-and-laparoscopic-total-mesorectal-excision
#6
Pan Chi, Zhifen Chen
Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) has been commonly applied in the operation of mid-low rectal cancer, but the conventional laparoscopic TME has the disadvantages of major operative difficulty and long learning-curve, due to its limitations of 2-dimension vision and common laparoscopic instruments. Robotic surgical system with high-qualified 3-dimenstion vision and flexible Endo Wrist instruments can overcome those limitations of conventional laparoscopy, and is useful for the TME that demands deep pelvic operation and flexible dissection in the space of distal rectum...
June 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643051/long-term-outcomes-by-a-transanal-approach-to-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer
#7
John H Marks, Elizabeth A Myers, Erik L Zeger, Albert S Denittis, Mounica Gummadi, Gerald J Marks
BACKGROUND: The challenge of performing a good total mesorectal excision (TME) dissection, particularly in the distal 1/3 of the rectum, has spurred interest in new techniques. Robotic surgery is advocated by some, and more recently, a "new" approach, the transanal total mesorectal excision, has been popularized to address this problem. While great interest in this technique exists, little long-term outcome data are available. We have been utilizing a transanal abdominal transanal approach to TME in order to facilitate the distal dissection, and here, we provide our long-term outcomes using this approach in the management of rectal cancer...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639142/serrated-polyps-of-colon-and-rectum-a-clinicopathologic-review
#8
REVIEW
Bita Geramizadeh, Scott Robertson
BACKGROUND: In the past decade, there have been significant changes in the classification and nomenclature of colorectal polyps. Previously, only two groups of lesions were widely recognized, the adenoma and the hyperplastic polyp. Adenomas were considered the only precursor of colorectal cancer, and hyperplastic polyps were considered innocent with no malignant potential. However, recent discoveries about molecular pathways of colorectal cancers have significantly changed our understanding of these neoplasms...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638838/kaposi-sarcoma-mimicking-acute-flare-of-ulcerative-colitis
#9
Vivek Kumar, Parita Soni, Mohit Garg, Madina Abduraimova, Jonathan Harris
Besides an AIDS-defining illness, Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is also seen in individuals on long-term immunosuppressant therapy. We report KS in a 70-year-old immunocompetent man, which initially mimicked acute flare of ulcerative colitis (UC). He was hospitalized multiple times for complaints of watery diarrhea and tenesmus. Despite treatment with mesalamine, short courses of methylprednisolone, and one dose of infliximab, his symptoms improved only partially. He underwent colonoscopy, which revealed mild active colitis and a mass in the ascending colon...
April 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638307/rectal-metyrapone-for-treatment-of-hypercortisolism-in-an-infant-with-mccune-albright-syndrome
#10
Kate Verbeeten, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Melody Cameron, Jaime McDonald
Infantile Cushing syndrome is an infrequent yet potentially fatal manifestation of McCune-Albright syndrome, for which there are few safe treatments available. Ketoconazole is limited by potential hepatotoxicity in this population. Metyrapone may be an effective treatment, but it may not be tolerated when given orally. An infant with McCune-Albright syndrome presented with severe Cushing syndrome. Oral metyrapone resulted in feeding refusal, and ketoconazole caused an increase in liver enzymes; however, she was successfully treated with metyrapone given rectally...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637502/clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-a-multicenter-study-in-south-china
#11
Cheng Fang, Wei Wang, Yu Zhang, Xingyu Feng, Jian Sun, Yujie Zeng, Ye Chen, Yong Li, Minhu Chen, Zhiwei Zhou, Jie Chen
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) are a heterogeneous group of rare tumors. Many issues in terms of epidemiologic features, pathogenesis, and treatment of GEP-NENs are still under discussion. Our study aimed to analyze the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of Chinese patients with GEP-NENs. METHODS: Complete clinicopathologic data and survival information of 1183 patients with GEP-NENs treated between 2005 and 2015 were collected from five medical centers in Guangdong Province, China...
June 21, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635173/laparoscopic-surgery-for-sigmoid-colon-cancer-after-multiple-operations-including-urinary-diversion-with-indiana-pouch-a-case-report
#12
Kazuya Iwamoto, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
A 73-year-old man with lower abdominal pain was diagnosed at our hospital with sigmoid colon cancer. He had previously undergone radical cystectomy with Indiana pouch construction and gastrectomy to treat bladder cancer and gastric cancer, respectively. We performed a laparoscopic Hartmann's operation with Japanese D3 lymph node dissection. We observed severe adhesion in the abdominal cavity; adhesions between the urostomy and sigmoid colon were particularly severe. The tumor had invaded to the distal rectum, which had adhered to the pubic bone and the previously reconstructed urinary pouch...
June 21, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634730/phase-iii-trial-comparing-uft%C3%A2-%C3%A2-psk-to-uft%C3%A2-%C3%A2-lv-in-stage-iib-iii-colorectal-cancer-mcsgo-cctg
#13
Yasuhiro Miyake, Junichi Nishimura, Takeshi Kato, Masataka Ikeda, Masaki Tsujie, Taishi Hata, Ichiro Takemasa, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Riichiro Nezu, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
PURPOSE: Oral adjuvant uracil and tegafur plus leucovorin (UFT/LV) is not inferior to standard weekly fluorouracil and folinate for stage II/III colon cancer. However, protein-bound polysaccharide K (PSK) has been evaluated as postoperative adjuvant therapy for colorectal cancer. This report is the first of MCSGO-CCTG, which compared UFT/LV to UFT/PSK as adjuvant chemotherapy for stage IIB or III colorectal cancer in patients who had undergone Japanese D2/D3 lymph node dissection. METHODS: The primary endpoint was the 3-year disease-free survival (DFS)...
June 20, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634015/three-dimensional-3d-printed-model-for-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-die-a-case-report
#14
Mobolaji O Ajao, Nisse V Clark, Tatiana Kelil, Sarah L Cohen, Jon I Einarsson
The combination of a thorough physical exam and imaging with either MRI or pelvic ultrasound are important in pre-operative planning for deep infiltrating endometriosis. Nevertheless, the 2-dimensional rendering of the pathology by imaging does not always accurately represent intra-operative findings. An in-depth topographical relationship and extent of surrounding tissue invasion can be better appreciated from 3-dimensional modeling. A 49 year old patient with history of endometriosis and persistent pain underwent pre-operative imaging with MRI that was consistent with infiltrating endometriosis...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633725/well-differentiated-neuroendocrine-tumor-a-low-b-grade-tumor-s-aggressive-course-and-dismal-outcome-a-case-report
#15
Dinesh Atwal, Krishna Prasad Joshi, Susanne Jeffus, James Ntambi, Fade Mahmoud
INTRODUCTION: Incidence of well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the colon and rectum is increasing and is now approximately 1 per 100,000 in the US. NETs are either well-differentiated (indolent) or poorly differentiated (aggressive). The majority of these tumors are found incidentally during screening colonoscopies and rarely are associated with symptoms of hormonal syndrome, even during the advanced stage. Metastatic well-differentiated NETs of the colon and rectum are incurable, hard to treat, and associated with a poor prognosis and survival rates similar to colorectal adenocarcinoma survival...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633587/sarcomatoid-carcinoma-manifesting-as-recurrent-rectal-cancer-and-mimicking-radiation-induced-extraskeletal-osteosarcoma-a-case-report
#16
MiJo Lee, Hyun-Jin Son, Je-Ho Jang, Hyun-Young Han, Moon Hyang Park
Here, we report an unusual case of sarcomatoid carcinoma mimicking extraskeletal osteosarcoma that manifested as recurrent rectal cancer. Five years earlier, a 76-year-old male patient had undergone neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by a laparoscopic low anterior resection due to adenocarcinoma of the rectum. He was admitted because of pain in the anus and left hip. He underwent abdominal computed tomography that revealed a newly developed left perirectal mass with gluteus maximus invasion measuring up to 8 cm, and therefore, an abdominoperineal resection was performed...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633443/nod2-genetic-variants-predispose-one-of-two-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-siblings-to-pouchitis-through-microbiome-dysbiosis
#17
Kathleen M Schieffer, Justin R Wright, Leonard R Harris, Sue Deiling, Zhaohai Yang, Regina Lamendella, Gregory S Yochum, Walter A Koltun
Background and Aims: Individuals with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) may undergo a total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) to surgically treat their disease. Inflammation of the ileal pouch, termed pouchitis, is uncommon in FAP patients but prevalent in patients who received IPAA for ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods and Results: We report on two FAP siblings, living in the same household, who underwent IPAA surgery within one week of each other...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632482/staff-associate-specialist-and-specialty-doctors-national-audit-on-the-management-of-gonorrhoea-in-the-united-kingdom-2015
#18
Helen Mullan, Jane Richards, John Lee
The British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) revised United Kingdom national guideline for the management of gonorrhoea in adults, 2011, identified five auditable outcome measures, namely, that all patients should receive first-line treatment, be screened or treated for chlamydial infection, have a test of cure (TOC), be offered written information and have partner notification carried out. The UK National Guideline for Gonorrhoea Testing, Clinical Effectiveness Group, BASHH, 2012, recommended in addition that all reactive nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) from pharynx and rectum should be confirmed by supplementary testing, using a second NAAT which detects a different nucleic acid target, all those with a positive NAAT for gonorrhoea should have culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing and that TOC should be done by two weeks...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632315/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-follow-up-lifestyle-and-survivorship
#19
Kai Leong, John Hartley, Sharad Karandikar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632314/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-introduction
#20
Brendan Moran, Sharad Karandikar, Ian Geh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
keyword
keyword
4926
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"