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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331349/antibiotic-resistance-among-helicobacter-pylori-clinical-isolates-in-lima-peru
#1
Kevin F Boehnke, Manuel Valdivieso, Alejandro Bussalleu, Rachael Sexton, Kathryn C Thompson, Soledad Osorio, Italo Novoa Reyes, John J Crowley, Laurence H Baker, Chuanwu Xi
OBJECTIVES: Gastric carcinoma is the most common cancer and cause of cancer mortality in Peru. Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that colonizes the human stomach, is a Group 1 carcinogen due to its causal relationship to gastric carcinoma. While eradication of H. pylori can help prevent gastric cancer, characterizing regional antibiotic resistance patterns is necessary to determine targeted treatment for each region. Thus, we examined primary antibiotic resistance in clinical isolates of H...
2017: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325260/imaging-performance-in-guiding-response-to-neoadjuvant-therapy-according-to-breast-cancer-subtypes-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Melanie A Lindenberg, Anna Miquel-Cases, Valesca P Retèl, Gabe S Sonke, Jelle Wesseling, Marcel P M Stokkel, Wim H van Harten
Monitoring therapeutic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC) is likely to improve NAC effectiveness in breast cancer(BC). Imaging performance seems to vary per tumour subtype(by ER and HER2 status), therefore we performed a systematic review on subtype specific imaging performance in monitoring NAC in BC. Studies examining imaging performance in predicting pathologic complete response(pCR) during NAC in BC subtypes were selected. Per study, negative- and positive predictive value, sensitivity(se) and specificity(sp), AUC and accuracy were derived...
April 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323552/helicobacter-pylori-eradication-in-the-swedish-population
#3
Eva Doorakkers, Jesper Lagergren, Vijaya Krishna Gajulapuri, Steven Callens, Lars Engstrand, Nele Brusselaers
OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori is associated with peptic ulcers and gastric cancer and its eradication aims to prevent these conditions. The recommended eradication regimen is triple therapy, consisting of a proton-pump inhibitor in combination with clarithromycin and amoxicillin or metronidazole for 7 days. Yet, other antibiotic regimens are sometimes prescribed. We aimed to assess the use of eradication therapy for H. pylori in the Swedish population during the last decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This population-based study used data from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306636/blood-pressure-lowering-efficacy-and-safety-of-perindopril-indapamide-amlodipine-single-pill-combination-in-patients-with-uncontrolled-essential-hypertension-a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#4
Jean-Jacques Mourad, Celso Amodeo, Martine de Champvallins, Romualda Brzozowska-Villatte, Roland Asmar
OBJECTIVES: This 4-month, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was designed to demonstrate the superiority of perindopril/indapamide/amlodipine single pill over perindopril/indapamide after 1 month and to determine further up-titration efficacy and safety in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension. METHODS: After a 1-month run-in period on perindopril/indapamide 5/1.25 mg, patients with SBP/DBP at least 150/95 mmHg and no diabetes or renal insufficiency received perindopril/indapamide/amlodipine 5/1...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303625/eradication-rate-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-is-directly-influenced-by-adherence-to-therapy-in-children
#5
Kallirroi Kotilea, Joyce Mekhael, Assaad Salame, Tania Mahler, Veronique Yvette Miendje-Deyi, Samy Cadranel, Patrick Bontems
BACKGROUND: Current commonly accepted strategies to eradicate Helicobacter pylori in children are a 10-day sequential treatment or a triple therapy for 7-14 days. To avoid further expensive and possibly risky investigations as well as induction of secondary antimicrobial resistance, a success rate of elimination strategies over 90% in a per-protocol analysis is the target goal but rates observed in clinical trials are lower. Antimicrobial resistance is a well-recognized risk factor for treatment failure; therefore, only a treatment tailored to susceptibility testing should be recommended...
March 17, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299716/fixed-dose-triple-combination-of-antihypertensive-drugs-improves-blood-pressure-control-from-clinical-trials-to-clinical-practice
#6
Alberto Mazza, Salvatore Lenti, Laura Schiavon, Antonella Paola Sacco, Fabio Dell'Avvocata, Gianluca Rigatelli, Emilio Ramazzina
INTRODUCTION: Blood pressure (BP) control is the main clinical goal in the management of hypertensive patients; however, BP in most of these patients remains uncontrolled, despite the widespread availability of antihypertensive drugs as free-combination therapy. This study compared the efficacy of a fixed-dose triple combination (FDTC) of antihypertensive drugs with that of a free combination of three antihypertensives in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. METHODS: Ninety-two patients (mean age 60...
March 15, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273056/technique-to-promote-symmetry-in-2-staged-bilateral-breast-reconstruction-in-the-setting-of-unilateral-postmastectomy-radiation
#7
Daniel S Roh, Matthew D Treiser, Emily H Lafleur, Yoon S Chun
BACKGROUND: Bilateral breast reconstruction in the setting of unilateral postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) remains one of the most difficult reconstructive challenges due to significant radiation-induced asymmetry from capsular contracture and superior migration of the irradiated reconstructed breast. We describe a novel and straightforward intraoperative technique for creating compensatory asymmetry to maximize postradiation symmetry in immediate bilateral tissue expander (TE) and acellular dermal matrix (ADM) reconstruction requiring unilateral PMRT...
April 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267193/nya-riktlinjer-f%C3%A3-r-handl%C3%A3-ggning-av-dyspepsi-h-pylori-och-mags%C3%A3-r
#8
Lars Agreus, Magnus Simrén
New Swedish guidelines for the management of dyspepsia, H pylori, and duodenal and gastric ulcers The management of dyspepsia in Sweden differs between national county councils, and is often not in line with international recommendations. The Swedish Society of Gastroenterology has together with the Swedish College of General Practice (SFAM) developed new national guidelines for the management of uninvestigated dyspepsia, functional dyspepsia, Helicobacter pylori, and uncomplicated duodenal and gastric ulcers...
February 28, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258786/treatment-recommendations-for-older-women-with-breast-cancer-a-survey-among-surgical-radiation-and-medical-oncologists
#9
V C Hamelinck, A M Stiggelbout, C J H van de Velde, G-J Liefers, E Bastiaannet
PURPOSE: As older women with breast cancer (BC) are underrepresented in trials, it is often unclear what represents the best treatment option for this patient group. To understand how oncologists approach the management of BC in older patients, we assessed their treatment recommendations. METHODS: In an online survey, 106 surgical, 37 radiation and 31 medical oncologists provided a treatment recommendation for hypothetical patients aged >70 years. Scenarios included loco-regional therapy with patient age varying at 76 and 84 years; systemic therapy with Karnofsky performance score varying at 90 and 50%; neo-adjuvant therapy; and adjuvant chemotherapy in triple-negative BC...
February 20, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255357/stat3-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-regulated-lentiviral-tk-gcv-suicide-gene-therapy-for-cisplatin-resistant-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#10
Wei-Ying Kuo, Luen Hwu, Chun-Yi Wu, Jhih-Shian Lee, Chi-Wei Chang, Ren-Shyan Liu
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents approximately 20% of all breast cancers and appears resistance to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy, demonstrating a particularly poor prognosis and a significantly worse clinical outcome than other types of cancer. Suicide gene therapy has been used for the in vivo treatment of various solid tumors in recent clinical trials. In tumor microenvironment, STAT3/NF-κB pathways are constitutively activated in stromal cells as well as in cancer stem cells (CSCs)...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246480/second-line-bismuth-containing-quadruple-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-and-impact-of-diabetes
#11
Sung Eun Kim, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park, Won Moon, Jae Hyun Kim, Kyoungwon Jung, Hae Koo Kim, Young Dal Lee
AIM: To investigate Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication rates using second-line bismuth-containing quadruple therapy and to identify predictors of eradication failure. METHODS: This study included 636 patients who failed first-line triple therapy and received 7 d of bismuth-containing quadruple therapy between January 2005 and December 2015. We retrospectively demonstrated H. pylori eradication rates with respect to the year of therapy as well as demographic and clinical factors...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244455/epidemiological-and-survival-analysis-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cases-in-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#12
R Sarin, L Khandrika, Rnm Hanitha, A Avula, M Batra, S Kaul, H Raj, S Shivkumar, S Gupta, E Khan, Tps Bhandari, Svss Prasad, V A Reddy, G Swarnalata, M Bakre, S Chatterjee, J Jain
INTRODUCTION: This is a retrospective study with data collected from breast cancer cases from five major Apollo Hospitals across India, as part of a biobanking process. One aspect of our study focused specifically on data from triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cases. The aim of this study was to analyze epidemiology, treatment options, and survival of the patients with TNBC. Our goal was to draw conclusions on the preponderance of the disease and also to understand the outcomes using the existing therapy options...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244264/real-world-practice-and-expectation-of-asia-pacific-physicians-and-patients-in-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-reap-hp-survey
#13
Yoen-Young Chuah, Deng-Chyang Wu, Seng-Kee Chuah, Jyh-Chin Yang, Tzong-Hsi Lee, Hong-Zen Yeh, Chan-Lin Chen, Yu-Hwa Liu, Ping-I Hsu
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were: 1, to survey the most popular anti-H. pylori regimens in Asia-Pacific region and the real-world effectiveness of these regimens; and 2, to investigate the expectation gaps of eradication rate between physicians and patients. DESIGN: A questionnaire was distributed to Asia-Pacific physicians who attended the Asia-Pacific Digestive Week 2015 meeting. Reported eradication rates from the literatures were compared with real-world rates of surveyed popular regimens within the region...
February 28, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240597/telaprevir-containing-triple-therapy-in-acute-hcv-coinfection-the-chat-study
#14
Christoph Boesecke, Gurmit K Jagjit Singh, Stefan H-A Scholten, Thomas Lutz, Axel Baumgarten, Stephan M Schneeweiss, Andreas Trein, Michael Rausch, Patrick Ingiliz, Jürgen K Rockstroh, Mark Nelson
BACKGROUND: No published randomised controlled data on the use of direct acting antivirals (DAA) in acute hepatitis C (AHC) coinfection exist. However, with the AHC epidemic ongoing among men who have sex with men (MSM) these are urgently needed. METHODS: The CHAT study is a randomised controlled trial of pegylated interferon + ribavirin (PR) plus telaprevir (TVR) for 12-24 weeks versus PR alone for 24-48 weeks in the response guided treatment of patients with AHC genotype (GT) 1 infection and HIV-1 co-infection in Germany and Great Britain...
February 27, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228841/an-update-on-the-management-of-breast-cancer-in-africa
#15
REVIEW
V Vanderpuye, S Grover, N Hammad, PoojaPrabhakar, H Simonds, F Olopade, D C Stefan
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about the challenges of cancer management and attempts at improving outcomes in Africa. Even though South and North Africa are better resourceds to tackle the burden of breast cancer, similar poor prognostic factors are common to all countries. The five-year overall Survival rate for breast cancer patients does not exceed 60% for any low and middle-income country (LMIC) in Africa. In spite of the gains achieved over the past decade, certain characteristics remain the same such as limited availability of breast conservation therapies, inadequate access to drugs, few oncology specialists and adherence to harmful socio-cultural practices...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226332/responsible-safe-and-effective-prescription-of-opioids-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-american-society-of-interventional-pain-physicians-asipp-guidelines
#16
Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Adam M Kaye, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Heath McAnally, Konstantin Slavin, Andrea M Trescot, Susan Blank, Vidyasagar Pampati, Salahadin Abdi, Jay S Grider, Alan D Kaye, Kavita N Manchikanti, Harold Cordner, Christopher G Gharibo, Michael E Harned, Sheri L Albers, Sairam Atluri, Steve M Aydin, Sanjay Bakshi, Robert L Barkin, Ramsin M Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo M Buenaventura, Aaron K Calodney, David L Cedeno, Sukdeb Datta, Timothy R Deer, Bert Fellows, Vincent Galan, Vahid Grami, Hans Hansen, Standiford Helm Ii, Rafael Justiz, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Yogesh Malla, Annu Navani, Kent H Nouri, Ramarao Pasupuleti, Nalini Sehgal, Sanford M Silverman, Thomas T Simopoulos, Vijay Singh, Daneshvari R Solanki, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Arthur Watanabe, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Opioid use, abuse, and adverse consequences, including death, have escalated at an alarming rate since the 1990s. In an attempt to control opioid abuse, numerous regulations and guidelines for responsible opioid prescribing have been developed by various organizations. However, the US opioid epidemic is continuing and drug dose deaths tripled during 1999 to 2015. Recent data show a continuing increase in deaths due to natural and semisynthetic opioids, a decline in methadone deaths, and an explosive increase in the rates of deaths involving other opioids, specifically heroin and illicit synthetic fentanyl...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218744/live-cell-imaging-to-compare-the-transfection-and-gene-silencing-efficiency-of-calcium-phosphate-nanoparticles-and-a-liposomal-transfection-agent
#17
S Chernousova, M Epple
The processing of DNA (for transfection) and siRNA (for gene silencing), introduced into HeLa cells by triple-shell calcium phosphate nanoparticles, was followed by live-cell imaging. For comparison, the commercial liposomal transfection agent Lipofectamine(TM) was used. The cells were incubated with these delivery systems, carrying either eGFP-encoding DNA or siRNA against eGFP. In the latter case, HeLa cells which stably expressed eGFP were used. The expression of eGFP started after 5 h in the case of nanoparticles and after 4 h in the case of Lipofectamine...
February 20, 2017: Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216974/comparative-study-vonoprazan-and-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-therapy
#18
Kouichi Sakurai, Hiroko Suda, Yumi Ido, Takayuki Takeichi, Ayako Okuda, Kiwamu Hasuda, Masahiro Hattori
AIM: To compare the effectiveness and safety of vonoprazan-based therapy with proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based therapies to treat Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from first-line (vonoprazan or PPI with 200 mg clarithromycin and 750 mg amoxicillin twice daily for 7 d) (n = 1353) and second-line (vonoprazan or PPI with 250 mg metronidazole and 750 mg amoxicillin twice daily for 7 d) (n = 261) eradication treatments for H...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215969/focal-photodynamic-intracellular-acidification-as-a-cancer-therapeutic
#19
REVIEW
Matthew J Gdovin, Nuha Kadri, Lourdes Rios, Steven Holliday, Zachary Jordan
Cancer cells utilize an array of proton transporters to regulate intra- and extracellular pH to thrive in hypoxic conditions, and to increase tumor growth and metastasis. Efforts to target many of the transporters involved in cancer cell pH regulation have yielded promising results, however, many productive attempts to disrupt pH regulation appear to be non-specific to cancer cells, and more effective in some cancer cells than others. Following a review of the status of photodynamic cancer therapy, a novel light-activated process is presented which creates very focal, rapid, and significant decreases in only intracellular pH (pHi), leading to cell death...
February 12, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199983/a-versatile-system-for-rapid-multiplex-genome-edited-car-t-cell-generation
#20
Jiangtao Ren, Xuhua Zhang, Xiaojun Liu, Chongyun Fang, Shuguang Jiang, Carl H June, Yangbing Zhao
The therapeutic potential of CRISPR system has already been demonstrated in many instances and begun to overlap with the rapidly expanding field of cancer immunotherapy, especially on the production of genetically modified T cell receptor or chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells. Efficient genomic disruption of multiple gene loci to generate universal donor cells, as well as potent effector T cells resistant to multiple inhibitory pathways such as PD-1 and CTLA4 is an attractive strategy for cell therapy...
February 9, 2017: Oncotarget
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