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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221651/-the-myth-of-virgin-cleansing-latest-news-on-an-archaic-magico-religious-practice
#1
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216847/magnetic-resonance-imaging-analysis-of-brain-function-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#2
Danping Wang, Xie Zhang, Xuesong Zhang, Zhigang Huang, Yufei Song
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional disease of the gastrointestinal tract. The current study aimed to examine the association between visceral hypersensitivity in IBS and cortical activation using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and to elucidate the role of psychological factors in the pathogenesis of IBS. METHODS: The present study included 31 patients with IBS and 20 healthy controls. Cerebral function was assessed using fMRI...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216522/case-of-urethral-duplication-seen-by-voiding-urosonography
#3
Hanisha Patel, Christopher Watterson, Jeanne S Chow
A 3-month-old premature male infant with imperforate anus and hypospadias underwent contrast-enhanced voiding urosonography (ceVUS) followed by voiding cystourethrography (VCUG). Images from the ceVUS demonstrated a distinct linearity arising dorsally from the posterior urethra that partially opacified with contrast. VCUG confirmed a urethral duplication. To our knowledge, this exceedingly rare anomaly has yet to be reported by ceVUS.
December 1, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213015/midline-sensory-nerve-supply-to-the-anoscrotal-junction-a-study-using-human-male-fetuses
#4
Shinichi Abe, Toshihito Yoshimoto, Masahito Yamamoto, Minako Sato, Nobuaki Yanagisawa, Nobuyuki Hinata, Hiroshi Abe, Murakami Gen
The origin of the posterior scrotal nerve is considered to be the bilateral pudendal nerves but the course to the midline is still obscure. Using 5 late-stage human male fetuses, we identified the single nerve through the intramuscular midline septum of the bulbospongiosus and the bilateral nerves along the left and right sides of the septum. Thus, the posterior scrotal nerve showed a variation: a single midline trunk or bilateral nerves. Branches of the bilateral pudendal nerves ran medially between the muscle and Cowper's gland and, at the midline area, they joined or associated closely...
2017: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200565/can-we-call-it-stinky-finger-syndrome
#5
Masood Maqbool, Firdous Ahmed War, Mohit Kumar
Many accounts refer to insertion of finger into anus mostly for gratification from stimulation of prostate gland, but index case Mr. M. continued doing this to get rid of constipation that eventually led to feelings of guilt, stinky fingers, not able to defecate normally, and dysphoric emotions. Further research is needed to find out the phenomenology of this condition.
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194531/conservative-surgery-versus-colorectal-resection-in-deep-endometriosis-infiltrating-the-rectum-a-randomized-trial
#6
Horace Roman, Michael Bubenheim, Emmanuel Huet, Valérie Bridoux, Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, Emile Daraï, Pierre Collinet, Jean-Jacques Tuech
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a difference in functional outcome between conservative versus radical rectal surgery in patients with large deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum 2 years postoperatively? SUMMARY ANSWER: No evidence was found that functional outcomes differed when conservative surgery was compared to radical rectal surgery for deeply invasive endometriosis involving the bowel. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Adopting a conservative approach to the surgical management of deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum, by employing shaving or disc excision, appears to yield improved digestive functional outcomes...
November 29, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182899/five-year-experience-of-the-treatment-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-anus
#7
C A Leo, C Santorelli, J D Hodgkinson, O Bidovaneta, F Baldelli, F Cantarella, E Cavazzoni
OBJECTIVES: The best treatment of early stage anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is under debated. Wide local excision (WLE) may be considered adequate for stage 1 anal margin cancer. This study demonstrates our experience in treatment of patients with SCC over 5 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients who had undergone anal screening or anal cancer surveillance between October 2010 and 2015 in our department. Each patient underwent anal Pap test, HPV test PCR HPV DNA and cytology by Thin Prep...
July 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181903/a-new-species-of-sisorid-catfish-of-the-genus-exostoma-from-the-salween-drainage-yunnan-china
#8
Xiao-Yong Chen, William J Poly, David Catania, Wan-Sheng Jiang
A new species of the sisorid catfish genus Exostoma Blyth, 1860 was collected from two hill-stream tributaries of the Nujiang (Salween River) drainage in Gaoligong Mountain, south-western Yunnan Province, China from 2003 to 2006 and from two tributaries of the Salween River in Cangyuan County, Lingcang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China (in 2007) and in Yongde County, Lingcang Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China (in 2015). Exostoma gaoligongensesp. nov. is the 10th species of the genus and is most similar to E...
September 18, 2017: Zoological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175024/y-type-urethral-duplication-with-rectal-implantation-of-the-urethra-which-is-the-best-approach
#9
Antonio Macedo, Sérgio Leite Ottoni, Marcela Leal da Cruz, Jorge Antonio Pompermaier, Maria Isabel S Silva, Riberto Liguori, Gilmar Garrone
INTRODUCTION: Y-type urethral duplication describes the condition in which a functional urethra is implanted in the rectum, and there is also a dysplastic topic urethra which produces mostly urinary dribbling. These patients are at risk of urinary tract complications and UTI. We aimed to present the surgical steps of a case treated by ASTRA approach in which we separated the urethra from the rectum and created a perineal urethrostomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We treated a 5-month-old boy with Y-type (IIA-2) urethral duplication, in whom the orthotopic urethra was patent just in the penile segment...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172721/anogenital-distance-and-variability-in-semen-parameters
#10
José J López-Espín, Consuelo Pérez-Palazón, Ana B Maldonado-Cárceles, José D Román-Arias, Jaime Mendiola, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the anogenital distance (AGD) was associated with variability in semen parameters. Semen parameters analyzed following the WHO guidelines and sperm DNA fragmentation were evaluated in 160 semen samples obtained over a period of a year from 16 healthy male volunteers. Two types of AGD measurements from the anus to the rear base of the scrotum (AGDAS) and to the cephalic insertion of the penis (AGDAP) were taken in each individual. The association between AGDs and semen parameters were studied using three statistical tools: a) general coefficient of variation (CV) and intra-individual coefficient of variation (CVi), b) general linear models for repeated measures, and c) mixed model fixed effects panel data...
November 27, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168644/hemorrhage-and-intestinal-obstruction-secondary-to-a-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-case-report
#11
Bing Yan Xue, Qi Yun Tang
We present one case of a 17-year-old male with ten-year history of anemia complaining of recurrent bloody stools, abdominal pain and fatigue for 3 months.The gastroscopy, colonoscopy, the-first-time double-balloon enteroscopy (DBE) through the anus and capsule endoscopy were performed with negative results. 99mTc-pertechnetate scan showed a round-like high radioactive concentration at the ileocecum. Double-balloon enteroscopy through the anus was performed again by a more-experienced endoscopic physician, the diverticulum was found at a distance of 50 cm to the ileocecal valve...
November 23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168151/capillaria-appendigera-n-sp-nematoda-capillariidae-from-the-goldbanded-jobfish-pristipomoides-multidens-day-lutjanidae-and-new-records-of-other-intestinal-capillariids-from-marine-perciform-fishes-off-australia
#12
František Moravec, Diane P Barton
Based on light and scanning electron microscopical studies, a new nematode parasite, Capillaria appendigera n. sp. (Capillariidae), is described from the intestine of the goldbanded jobfish Pristipomoides multidens (Day) (Perciformes, Lutjanidae) from the Arafura Sea West, off the northern coast of Australia. The new species, belonging to the subgenus Procapillaria Moravec, 1987, differs from other congeneric species from fishes mainly in the length (0.92-1.13 mm), shape and structure of the spicule, obtuse spines on the spicule sheath and the structure of eggs...
November 22, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158102/human-papillomavirus-types-from-infection-to-cancer-in-the-anus-according-to-sex-and-hiv-status-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Chunqing Lin, Silvia Franceschi, Gary M Clifford
BACKGROUND: Data on carcinogenicity of human papillomavirus (HPV) types in the anus are needed to inform anal cancer prevention through vaccination and screening. This is particularly the case for people infected with HIV, who are at an increased risk of anal cancer. METHODS: We did a systematic review of studies published from January, 1986, to July, 2017, in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library on anal HPV infection, without any language restrictions. Eligible studies reported type-specific HPV prevalence by strata of cytopathological or histopathological anal diagnosis, sex, and HIV status...
November 17, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155806/anogenital-distance-as-a-phenotypic-signature-through-infancy
#14
Lærke Priskorn, Jørgen H Petersen, Niels Jørgensen, Henriette B Kyhl, Marianne S Andersen, Katharina M Main, Anna-Maria Andersson, Niels E Skakkebaek, Tina K Jensen
BACKGROUND: Anogenital distance (AGD) has been suggested to represent a phenotypic signature reflecting in utero androgen action. However, it is not known whether an individual's AGD at birth correlates to AGD later in life. We investigate correlations of AGD between 3 and 18 months and asses reproducibility of measurements. METHODS: We measured AGD from anus to scrotum (AGDas) and penis (AGDap) in 407 boys, and to posterior fourchette (AGDaf) and clitoris (AGDac) in 282 girls...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150347/-perineal-groove-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Y de La Monneraye, G Benoist, L Marchesi, A-S Crosnier, V Guinard-Samuel
Perineal groove is a rare anoperineal congenital malformation, usually occurring in girls, unknown to many pediatricians. We report the case of a 17-day-old girl admitted for urinary infection, who presented a wet sulcus with mucous membrane, extending from the vaginal fourchette to the anterior border of the anus. The diagnosis of perineal groove was clinically confirmed, after elimination of misdiagnosis such as infection or trauma. This benign malformation tends to be self-epithelialized in the 1st year of life, and no surgical treatment is recommended, except for cosmetic reasons or for recurrent infections...
November 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129876/-microbial-ecology-along-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#16
Ethan T Hillman, Hang Lu, Tianming Yao, Cindy H Nakatsu
The ecosystem of the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract traverses a number of environmental, chemical, and physical conditions because it runs from the oral cavity to the anus. These differences in conditions along with food or other ingested substrates affect the composition and density of the microbiota as well as their functional roles by selecting those that are the most suitable for that environment. Previous studies have mostly focused on Bacteria, with the number of studies conducted on Archaea, Eukarya, and Viruses being limited despite their important roles in this ecosystem...
November 10, 2017: Microbes and Environments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127963/minimally-invasive-surgery-in-the-management-of-anorectal-malformations
#17
REVIEW
Sarah B Cairo, David H Rothstein, Carroll M Harmon
Imperforate anus, a variant of anorectal malformation (ARM), is a common congenital anomaly requiring surgical attention in the newborn period. It may present with a variety of anatomic configurations, largely dependent on the presence and location of a fistula. The location (or characteristics) of a fistula, which usually lies between the gastrointestinal tract and the genitourinary tract or perineum, is often used in determining the type and timing of operative management. This article discusses the work-up and management, modes of treatment and their postoperative outcomes, and continued controversy regarding the use of minimally invasive surgical approaches to ARM...
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125001/hypoxia-due-to-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-edwards-syndrome-a-case-report
#18
Sun Kyung Hoon, Seung-Woo Kang, Sang-Hyun Kwak, Joungmin Kim
Edwards' syndrome also known as trisomy 18 is a congenital disorder associated with cardiovascular issues including ventricular septal defect (VSD), atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent duct arteriosus (PDA). An emergency colostomy was performed on a neonate born with an imperforate anus. Pre-operative transthoracic echocardiography showed presence of VSD, a patent foramen ovale (PFO) or ASD. Even though the baby had a good general condition and optimal peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2), during positive pressure ventilation, she suffered severe hypoxia (50% SpO2)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124332/sexually-transmitted-infections-of-the-lower-gastrointestinal-tract
#19
Rahul Jawale, Keith K Lai, Laura W Lamps
The World Health Organization estimates that there is greater than one million new cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) every day. In many countries, STIs are at an unprecedented high, including the USA, where nearly 20 million new cases were reported in 2016. Although morbidity associated with STIs is usually seen in the context of genitourinary disease, these pathogens may also affect the gastrointestinal tract and cause anal pain, abdominal pain, or diarrhea. It is important to recognize patterns of injury associated with these pathogens, especially those that may mimic other gastrointestinal diseases, such as idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
November 9, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123002/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-removal-post-transplant-a-rare-case-of-delayed-bowel-perforation
#20
Andrew P Maxted, Brian Davies, Daniel Colliver, Alun Williams, Andrew Lunn
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a well-established form of renal replacement therapy and the practice of leaving catheters in situ post-transplantation widely accepted. We present a rare complication: a child presenting with anal protrusion of the PD catheter.The patient is an 11-year-old boy with a background of renal dysplasia and congenital cutis laxa. Twenty-three weeks after dialysis was commenced, the patient underwent a renal transplant. Thirteen weeks post-transplant, the patient felt an unusual sensation after defecation...
November 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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