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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424123/a-case-of-ingested-dental-prosthesis-with-sharp-clasps-successfully-removed-through-anus-using-part-of-a-plastic-glove
#1
Yoshihiro Moriwaki, Jun Otani, Junzo Okuda, Hitomi Zotani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418214/colonic-gas-homeostasis-mechanisms-of-adaptation-following-host-g904-galactooligosaccharide-use-in-humans
#2
M Mego, A Accarino, G Tzortzis, J Vulevic, G Gibson, F Guarner, F Azpiroz
BACKGROUND: We have shown that a galactooligosaccharide prebiotic administration (HOST-G904) initially increased intestinal gas production and this increase declined back to baseline after 2 week administration. Our aim was to determine the mechanism of microbiota adaptation; i.e., to determine whether the net reduction is due to decreased overall production or increased gas consumption. METHODS: In 10 healthy subjects, intestinal gas production and intraluminal disposal was measured before, at the beginning and after 2 week of HOST-G904 prebiotic administration...
April 18, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413308/congenital-pouch-colon-with-rectal-atresia-revisited
#3
Praveen Mathur, Rahul Gupta, Pradeep Kumar Gupta
We are adding two cases of congenital pouch colon with rectal atresia (RA) to the already published five cases. The presentation of RA is often delayed owing to the presence of normal anus, however, clinical evaluation, plain abdominal radiograph, and urine examination for meconuria, may help in detecting this rare association early.
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410262/life-saving-esophageal-intubation-in-neonate-with-undiagnosed-tracheal-agenesis-a-case-report
#4
Christopher Sattler, Franklin Chiao, David Stein, Denise Murphy
A 3-day-old, 2.2-kg former 34-week premature infant with imperforate anus required loop ileostomy surgery. At delivery, the child had respiratory distress. Endotracheal intubation was "confirmed" by detection of exhaled carbon dioxide with a Pedi-Cap (Covidien, Dublin, Ireland) and subsequent chest x-ray. On arrival to the operating room, the pulse oximeter reading was 100% despite a large leak around the endotracheal tube and high-airway pressures. Packing the throat reduced the leak and increased the tidal volume...
April 13, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407270/comparison-of-diagnostic-accuracy-for-the-low-type-imperforate-anus-between-prone-cross-table-radiography-and-sonography
#5
Takahiro Hosokawa, Mayumi Hosokawa, Yutaka Tanami, Shinya Hattori, Yumiko Sato, Yujiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawashima, Eiji Oguma, Yoshitake Yamada
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic accuracy for the low-type imperforate anus between prone cross-table radiography and sonography. METHODS: We included 20 neonates with imperforate anus: 13 with a surgically proven low type and 7 with an intermediate or high type. The distance between the distal rectal pouch and the perineum (pouch-perineum distance) was measured by both sonography and prone cross-table radiography. A previously established pouch-perineum distance of 10 mm was used as the cutoff for diagnosis of a low-type imperforate anus...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400857/estimation-of-the-overall-burden-of-cancers-precancerous-lesions-and-genital-warts-attributable-to-9-valent-hpv-vaccine-types-in-women-and-men-in-europe
#6
Susanne Hartwig, Jean Lacau St Guily, Géraldine Dominiak-Felden, Laia Alemany, Silvia de Sanjosé
BACKGROUND: In addition to cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV) is responsible for a significant proportion of cancers and precancerous lesions of the vulva, vagina, anus, penis, head and neck, as well as genital warts. We estimated the annual number of new cases of these diseases attributable to 9-valent HPV vaccine types in women and men in Europe. METHODS: The annual number of new cancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina, anus, penis, and selected head and neck sites in the population of the European Medicines Agency territory was estimated based on age-specific incidence rates extracted from Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents, Volume X and Eurostat population data for 2015...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398952/vulvar-and-anal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-terminology-diagnosis-and-ancillary-studies
#7
REVIEW
Eric J Yang, Christina S Kong, Teri A Longacre
Currently, it is recognized that there is an HPV-related and an HPV-independent pathway to developing squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in the anus and vulva. The majority of precursor lesions and SCC in the anus and vulva are high-risk HPV-associated, with HPV16 the most common type. Given the morphologic overlap and biological equivalence of HPV-related preinvasive squamous lesions of the lower anogenital tract, a unified, 2-tiered histopathologic nomenclature is now recommended. In contrast, mutations in the TP53 gene have been associated with HPV-independent vulvar and anal SCC...
May 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395397/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-perirectal-abscess-drainage-without-drainage-catheter-a-case-series
#8
Eun Kwang Choi, Ji Hyun Kim, Seung Uk Jeong, Soo-Young Na, Sun-Jin Boo, Heung Up Kim, Byung-Cheol Song
A perirectal abscess is a relatively common disease entity that occurs as a postsurgical complication or as a result of various medical conditions. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage was recently described as a promising alternative treatment. Previous reports have recommended placement of a drainage catheter through the anus for irrigation, which is inconvenient to the patient and carries a risk of accidental dislodgement. We report four cases of perirectal abscess that were successfully treated with only one or two 7 F double pigtail plastic stent placements and without a drainage catheter for irrigation...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390142/genotypic-diversity-of-anogenital-human-papillomavirus-in-women-attending-cervical-cancer-screening-in-harare-zimbabwe
#9
Racheal S Dube Mandishora, Irene Kraus Christiansen, Nyasha Chin'ombe, Kerina Duri, Bernard Ngara, Trine B Rounge, Roger Meisal, Ole Herman Ambur, Joel M Palefsky, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Zvavahera M Chirenje
BACKGROUND: Although anogenital cancers have been on a gradual rise in developing countries in the past few decades, they have been understudied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate genotypic diversity of anogenital HPV amongst women reporting for routine cervical cancer screening in Harare in Zimbabwe. METHODS: A cross sectional study that enrolled 144 women ≥18 years from a cervical cancer-screening clinic was performed. Each woman provided a self-collected cervico-vaginal swab (VS) and a clinician collected anal swab (CCAS)...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384363/risk-of-second-primary-malignancies-among-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-population-based-cohort-study
#10
Chao-Yueh Fan, Wen-Yen Huang, Chun-Shu Lin, Yu-Fu Su, Cheng-Hsiang Lo, Chih-Cheng Tsao, Ming-Yueh Liu, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
PURPOSE: The rising incidence and life expectancy associated with prostate cancer (PCa) has led to increasing interest in predicting the risk of second primary malignancies (SPMs) among PCa survivors, although data regarding SPMs after PCa are controversial. METHODS: We identified 30,964 patients from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan who had newly diagnosed PCa between 2000 and 2010. Each patient was randomly frequency-matched with an individual without PCa, based on age, comorbidity, and index year...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382887/morphology-and-molecular-characterization-of-demidospermus-spirophallus-n-sp-d-prolixus-n-sp-monogenea-dactylogyridae-and-a-redescription-of-d-anus-in-siluriform-catfish-from-brazil
#11
L Franceschini, A C Zago, M I Müller, C J Francisco, R M Takemoto, R J da Silva
The present study describes Demidospermus spirophallus n. sp. and Demidospermus prolixus n. sp. (Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) from the siluriform catfish Loricaria prolixa Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1978 (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) from the state of São Paulo, Brazil, supported by morphological and molecular data. In addition, notes on the circumscription of the genus with a redescription of Demisdospermus anus are presented. Demidospermus spirophallus n. sp. differed from other congeners mainly because of the morphology of the male copulatory organ (MCO), which exhibited 2½ counterclockwise rings, a tubular accessory piece with one bifurcated end and a weakly sclerotized vagina with sinistral opening...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380478/anal-function-after-surgery-for-low-lying-rectal-cancer-comparison-of-mechanical-and-hand-sewn-coloanal-anastomosis
#12
Rie Matsunaga, Yuji Nishizawa, Norio Saito, Mitsuru Yokota, Ryuichi Hayashi, Masaaki Ito
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mechanical coloanal anastomosis (MCAA) or hand-sewn coloanal anastomosis (HCAA) are used in anus-preserving surgery for low-lying rectal cancer. Either method can be used if the lower edge of the tumor is 4-6 cm from the anal verge. The goal of this study was to evaluate differences in the anal function after MCAA or HCAA. METHODS: The subjects were 305 consecutive patients with primary rectal cancer tumors situated 4-6 cm from the anal verge who underwent curative anus-preserving surgery between 2004 and 2013...
April 6, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369882/worldwide-burden-of-cancer-attributable-to-hpv-by-site-country-and-hpv-type
#13
Catherine de Martel, Martyn Plummer, Jerome Vignat, Silvia Franceschi
HPV is the cause of almost all cervical cancer and is responsible for a substantial fraction of other anogenital cancer and oropharyngeal cancer. Understanding the HPV-attributable cancer burden can boost programs of HPV vaccination and HPV-based cervical screening. Attributable fractions (AF) and the relative contributions of different HPV types were derived from published studies reporting on the prevalence of transforming HPV infection in cancer tissue. Maps of age-standardized incidence rates of HPV-attributable cancers by country from GLOBOCAN 2012 data are shown separately for the cervix, other anogenital tract, and head and neck cancers...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368260/clinical-endpoints-in-trials-of-chemoradiation-for-patients-with-anal-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Robert Glynne-Jones, Richard Adams, Andre Lopes, Helen Meadows
This Review examines the reporting of endpoints in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of radical chemoradiation for treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the anus. The types, frequency, and definitions of clinical primary and secondary endpoints, and patient-reported outcome measures, reported in the methods and results sections of papers (and protocols, if available) were examined. Only six published RCTs comprising 2877 patients were identified. Primary outcome measures varied across the trials analysed: two used disease-free survival, one used progression-free survival, two used local failure, and one used colostomy-free survival...
April 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359679/activation-of-wnt-signaling-increases-numbers-of-enteric-neurons-derived-from-neonatal-mouse-and-human-progenitors-cells
#15
Ying Zhang, Karin Seid, Florian Obermayr, Lothar Just, Peter H Neckel
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Neural stem and progenitor cells from the enteric nervous system (ENS) might serve as a source of cells for treatment of neurogastrointestinal disorders. Before we can use these cells, we must increase our understanding of the signaling mechanisms that regulate proliferation and differentiation. We systematically evaluated the effects of canonical Wnt signaling on proliferation and differentiation of cultured ENS progenitor cells from neonatal mice and humans. METHODS: We isolated ENS progenitors from tunica muscularis of the small intestine of new-born (P0) wild-type C57BL/6 mice as well as from Wnt1-Cre2 reporter mice...
March 27, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356079/enterobacteriaceae-producing-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-esbls-colonization-as-a-risk-factor-for-developing-esbl-infections-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-patients-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Amine Cheikh, Bouchra Belefquih, Younes Chajai, Younes Cheikhaoui, Amine El Hassani, Amina Benouda
BACKGROUND: Children with cardiac defects need many hospitalizations and repetitive antibiotic therapies, with an increasing risk of colonization with multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB) such as extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) Post-operative infections with these bacteria in paediatric cardiac surgery are life threatening. This article aims to study the prevalence of ESBL colonization among paediatric cardiac surgery patients, and to compare occurrence of post-operative infections with and without ESBL colonization...
March 29, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352637/neurostimulation-for-fecal-incontinence-after-correction-of-repair-of-imperforate-anus
#17
Alexandre Bougie, Nathalie McFadden, Sandeep Mayer, Michel Lebel, Ghislain Devroede
We are reporting the case of a 32-year-old female who had suffered from fecal incontinence (FI). She was born with an imperforate anus and a recto-vaginal fistula; she underwent repair at 6 mo of age. At 29 years of age, she was still fecally incontinent despite extensive pelvic floor reeducation. A magnetic resonance imaging and an anal electromyography were performed. Because her symptoms were considered to be probably due to extra-sphincteric implantation of the neo-anus, a redo was performed of the recto-neo-anal intra-sphincteric anastomosis...
March 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352016/associated-anomalies-and-clinical-outcome-in-children-with-ectopic-kidney
#18
Cagla Serpil Dogan, Mustafa Erman Dorterler, Mustafa Devran Aybar, Halil Ciftci, Mehmet Gulum, Yigit Akin, Ercan Yeni
Urological anomalies can be seen in children with renal ectopia (RE) and can result in renal impairment. Therefore, we evaluated associated anomalies and renal outcome in our patients with RE. Sixty-eight children who were diagnosed with RE between January 2009-May 2014 were retrospectively studied. A total of 68 patients, 36 (52.9%) boys, with a median age of 67 months (4-201) and a median follow-up period of 14 months (3-113) were included in the study. Simple RE (S-RE) was found in 51 (75%) patients, of which 46 were unilateral and five were bilateral (discoid kidney)...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347357/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-female-anal-sex-in-the-context-of-hiv-aids-in-the-selected-districts-of-tanzania
#19
Elizabeth H Shayo, Akili A Kalinga, Kesheni P Senkoro, Judith Msovela, Erick J Mgina, Angela E Shija, Godlisten Materu, Stella P Kilima, Leonard E G Mboera, Julius J Massaga
BACKGROUND: Female anal sex is a receptive type of sexual practice among heterosexual couples where the penis is inserted into the anus of a female partner. In the Western world, a number of studies and interventions have been carried out on anal sex among men due to its potential risks to HIV transmission. In African countries, including Tanzania, there is dearth of information on the risks inherent in practices associated with female anal sex in the general population. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with female anal sex in fuelling HIV transmission in selected districts of Tanzania...
March 27, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334854/the-burden-of-hpv-related-diseases-in-italy-2001-12
#20
P Kuhdari, S Previato, M Giordani, P Biavati, S Ferretti, G Gabutti
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer and plays a relevant role in the development of genital warts and of the cancer of penis and anus, head/neck, oropharynx and genitourinary system. The aim of this study is the evaluation of hospitalizations due to HPV-related pathologies in 2001-12 in Italy. Methods: The national hospital discharge forms were provided by the Ministry of Health. The HPV-related hospitalizations were identified using specific diagnostic codes, accordingly to the ICD-9-CM coding system...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
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