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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447236/the-history-of-an-unknown-dermatological-wax-collection-from-cluj-napoca-university-iuliu-hatieganu-romania
#1
Alexandru-Dumitru Tataru, Dan Tataru, Maria Grazia Roccia, Katlein França, Massimo Fioranelli, Torello Lotti
Among the dermatological wax collections across Europe, one of the latest created is the collection from Cluj-Napoca University, Romania. The initiator was Professor Coriolan Tataru and the moulage artist employed was Dr. Richard Hoffmann. Between the years 1923 and 1928, around 200 wax moulages were made, all realised after patients hospitalised in the clinic. The majority of cases represent the dermatological infectious pathology of that time: syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis and mycetomas. Other interesting moulages represent genodermatoses, pelagra, different cutaneous cancers, and atypical aspects of common diseases like psoriasis and eczemas...
April 26, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442883/a-comment-on-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-axel-munthe-s-syndrome
#2
Ralph M Trüeb
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) represents a peculiar condition with a quasi-symmetrical, marginal alopecia along the frontal and temporal hairline with scarring. Steven Kossard is credited with the original description of the condition in 1994. Since its first description, FFA has become increasingly common while its etiology has remained obscure. While FFA has been related to lichen planopilaris, in fact, the pattern of clinical disease presentation might be more specific for the condition than the underlying inflammatory autoimmune reaction...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441210/artist-s-statement-inde-ma-iingan-heart-of-the-wolf
#3
Leah Yellowbird, Melissa Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434380/high-poly-to-low-poly-workflows-for-real-time-rendering
#4
Nicky L Webster
This paper outlines a digital workflow that allows artists to add visual detail to 3D models whilst adhering to the strict polygonal budget that is vital to successfully render in real-time. Two versions of a model - a high-poly model, and a low-poly model - are produced to create a 2D normal map through a process known as 'baking', to achieve the illusion of the high resolution detail on the low-resolution model.
January 2017: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434241/-facilitating-role-of-traumatic-experiences-in-art
#5
József Gerevich
Traumatic experiences can not only have unfavourable consequences, they can also contribute, with a kind of creative twist, to the development of the person affected by the trauma. The artistic responses to traumas can be examined on the basis of the different types of trauma. This study reports on an investigation focusing on six types of trauma: emotional deprivation/neglect; near-death experience; becoming the victim of violence; war; accident/sickness and emotional frustration. Examples taken from the history of art indicate that works of art can draw attention to the traumatic experiences of the artists with frequently repeated motifs and portrayal techniques (sun, mother image, objects referring to the person lost, motifs of violence or symbols of violence, artistic manifestations of an exaggerated self-image, surreal visions, dry irony, substituting other objects for the beloved person), or a sudden change of style and subject that can express a heightened interest in human suffering (Lovis Corinth)...
April 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429066/atmospheric-pressure-maldi-for-the-noninvasive-characterization-of-carbonaceous-ink-from-renaissance-documents
#6
Giuseppe Grasso, Marzia Calcagno, Alessandro Rapisarda, Roberta D'Agata, Giuseppe Spoto
The analytical methods that are usually applied to determine the compositions of inks from ancient manuscripts usually focus on inorganic components, as in the case of iron gall ink. In this work, we describe the use of atmospheric pressure/matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (AP/MALDI-MS) as a spatially resolved analytical technique for the study of the organic carbonaceous components of inks used in handwritten parts of ancient books for the first time. Large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (L-PAH) were identified in situ in the ink of XVII century handwritten documents...
April 21, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414998/a-qualitative-study-on-using-concept-maps-in-problem-based-learning
#7
Zenobia C Y Chan
BACKGROUND: The visual arts, including concept maps, have been shown to be effective tools for facilitating student learning. However, the use of concept maps in nursing education has been under-explored. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore how students develop concept maps and what these concept maps consist of, and their views on the use of concept maps as a learning activity in a PBL class. DESIGN: A qualitative approach consisting of an analysis of the contents of the concept maps and interviews with students...
April 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402573/humor-drawings-evoked-temporal-and-spectral-eeg-processes
#8
Regina W Y Wang, Hsien-Chu Kuo, Shang-Wen Chuang
The study aimed to explore the humor processing elicited through the manipulation of artistic drawings. Using the Comprehension-Elaboration Theory of humor as the main research background, the experiment manipulated the head portraits of celebrities based on the independent variables of facial deformation (large/small) and addition of affective features (positive/negative). A 64-channel electroencephalography was recorded in 30 participants while viewing the incongruous drawings of celebrities. The electroencephalography temporal and spectral responses were measured during the three stages of humor which included incongruity detection, incongruity comprehension and elaboration of humor...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398894/sir-charles-bell-surgeon-anatomist-teacher-and-artist
#9
Harold Ellis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398543/funchip-an-r-bioconductor-package-for-functional-classification-of-chip-seq-shapes
#10
Alice C L Parodi, Laura M Sangalli, Simone Vantini, Bruno Amati, Piercesare Secchi, Marco J Morelli
Summary: Chromatin Immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) generates local accumulations of sequencing reads on the genome ("peaks"), which correspond to specific protein-DNA interactions or chromatin modifications. Peaks are detected by considering their total area above a background signal, usually neglecting their shapes, which instead may convey additional biological information. We present FunChIP, an R/Bioconductor package for clustering peaks according to a functional representation of their shapes: after approximating their profiles with cubic B-splines, FunChIP minimises their functional distance and classifies the peaks applying a k-mean alignment and clustering algorithm...
April 7, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389825/exploring-the-physics-of-sand-drawings-the-role-of-craters-furrows-and-piles
#11
Jorge González-Gutiérrez, J C Ruiz-Suárez
Few years ago an article addressing the physics behind aaabstract paintings was published by Herczyński et al. (Phys. Today 64, 31 (2011) issue No. 6). The authors aimed to understand how artists like Jackson Pollock manipulated paints to create pieces of art where the theory of fluid dynamics had a clear and perceivable role. Scaling laws were found to explain the plasticity observed in the artists's traces that we admire in worldwide museums. Because sand drawings are not only wonderful artistic expressions but also intangible cultural heritages of humanity, we wonder if they could be analyzed in a similar fashion...
April 2017: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385442/restoration-of-a-large-class-iv-fracture-using-direct-composite-resin-a-clinical-report
#12
Mario F Romero, Jamie Austin Grant, Megan Todd
Restoration of anterior tooth fractures is a common dental procedure. Both direct and indirect options are clinically acceptable to repair fractured teeth. For a large class IV fracture, treatment planning is time consuming, and the artistic skills necessary to achieve optimal results can be daunting. This clinical report describes a step-by-step protocol for achieving highly esthetic direct anterior restorations.
April 3, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379960/gc-ms-and-proteomics-to-unravel-the-painting-history-of-the-lost-giant-buddhas-of-b%C3%A4-miy%C3%A4-n-afghanistan
#13
Anna Lluveras-Tenorio, Roberto Vinciguerra, Eugenio Galano, Catharina Blaensdorf, Erwin Emmerling, Maria Perla Colombini, Leila Birolo, Ilaria Bonaduce
A chemical investigation of the organic paint binders of the Giant Buddhas of Bāmiyān was performed using an analytical approach based on mass spectrometry, combining traditional gas chromatography/mass spectrometry protocols with advanced proteomics methodologies. The research was carried out on a selection of rescued fragments. The data revealed the use of egg proteins as the paint binders of the original layers, in accordance with the traditional use of this proteinaceous medium in antiquity, spanning from the Mediterranean basin to the Far East, and already in the Bronze Age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363162/non-invasive-characterization-of-colorants-by-portable-diffuse-reflectance-infrared-fourier-transform-drift-spectroscopy-and-chemometrics
#14
Marcello Manfredi, Elettra Barberis, Maurizio Aceto, Emilio Marengo
During the last years the need for non-invasive and non-destructive analytical methods brought to the development and application of new instrumentation and analytical methods for the in-situ analysis of cultural heritage objects. In this work we present the application of a portable diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform (DRIFT) method for the non-invasive characterization of colorants prepared according to ancient recipes and using egg white and Gum Arabic as binders. Approximately 50 colorants were analyzed with the DRIFT spectroscopy: we were able to identify and discriminate the most used yellow (i...
March 21, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357190/investigating-country-specific-music-preferences-and-music-recommendation-algorithms-with-the-lfm-1b-dataset
#15
Markus Schedl
Recently, the LFM-1b dataset has been proposed to foster research and evaluation in music retrieval and music recommender systems, Schedl (Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval (ICMR). New York, 2016). It contains more than one billion music listening events created by more than 120,000 users of Last.fm. Each listening event is characterized by artist, album, and track name, and further includes a timestamp. Basic demographic information and a selection of more elaborate listener-specific descriptors are included as well, for anonymized users...
2017: International Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355328/georges-simenon-inspector-maigret-and-his-relevance-to-the-practice-of-neurology
#16
Hélio A G Teive, Andrew J Lees
Georges Simenon's work, including his famous 'romans durs' novels and the forensic investigations carried out by his artistic creation, Inspector Maigret, bear many similarities to some of the diagnostic methods of the founders of Neurology, particularly Jean-Martin Charcot.
March 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350613/artist-s-statement-learning-to-float
#17
Geoffrey Laurence
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346320/i-m-a-theater-artist%C3%A2
#18
Rakhee Goyal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342596/the-practical-application-of-scintillation-dosimetry-in-small-field-photon-beam-radiotherapy
#19
Elisa Burke, Daniela Poppinga, Andreas A Schönfeld, Dietrich Harder, Björn Poppe, Hui Khee Looe
Plastic scintillation detectors are a new instrument of stereotactic photon-beam dosimetry. The clinical application of the plastic scintillation detector Exradin W1 at the Siemens Artiste and Elekta Synergy accelerators is a matter of current interest. In order to reduce the measurement uncertainty, precautions have to be taken with regard to the geometrical arrangement of the scintillator, the light-guide fiber and the photodiode in the radiation field. To determine the "Cerenkov light ratio" CLR with a type A uncertainty below 1%, the Cerenkov calibration procedure for small-field measurements based on the two-channel spectral method was used...
March 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Medizinische Physik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340380/the-origin-and-evolution-of-the-term-clone
#20
David P Steensma
In biology, the term "clone" is most widely used to designate genetically identical cells or organisms that are asexually descended from a common progenitor. The concept of clonality in hematology-oncology has received much attention in recent years, as the advent of next-generation sequencing platforms has provided new tools for detection of clonal populations in patients, and experiments on primary cells have provided fascinating new insights into the clonal architecture of human malignancies. The term "clone" is used more loosely by the general public to mean any close or identical copy...
March 4, 2017: Leukemia Research
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