Read by QxMD icon Read


Vladimir D Mendelevich
This article examines the psychiatric and political issues surrounding the case of the controversial Russian performance artist Pyotr Pavlensky, who received a number of court-ordered psychiatric evaluations as part of the legal actions initiated subsequent to his political protest actions. The author presents the results of his own clinical investigation into Pavlensky's case, arguing that previous diagnoses made by psychiatrists were unwarranted and unreasonable. This case draws the attention of experts to a problem: the need for more accurate criteria for the differentiation of behavioral disorders from behavior understood locally as socially-deviant...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
E Byrne, E Elliott, R Saltus, J Angharad
Background: We propose that arts based methodologies can be of value in the production and exchange of evidence in supporting public health related policy. This article reports on a collaborative piece of work resulting from two projects which took place in a former coal mining town in South Wales. Methods: We used a participatory framework whereby researchers, community members and artists co-produced 'evidence' through the creative arts to inform public policy...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Public Health
S L Wenzel, H Rhoades, H Moore, J Lahey, B Henwood, W La Motte-Kerr, M Bird
Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is a widely-accepted solution to the challenge of chronic homelessness. While housing support and retention, physical health, and healthcare continue to be important for formerly homeless persons in PSH, "higher-order" and humanistic needs such as thriving have received less attention and as a result are less well understood in this population. One important indicator of thriving is the ability to establish and articulate life goals. This study utilizes longitudinal data from 421 formerly homeless adults prior to their move into PSH, and at 3-, 6- and 12-months after move-in (369 respondents completed all four interviews), to examine what life goals are articulated by this population and how those goals change over time...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
Hadi Keivan, Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Ahmad Shanei, Alireza Amouheidari
Background: Dosimetric accuracy in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is the main part of quality assurance program. Improper beam modeling of small fields by treatment planning system (TPS) can lead to inaccuracy in treatment delivery. This study aimed to evaluate of the dose delivery accuracy at small segments of IMRT technique using two-dimensional (2D) array as well as evaluate the capability of two TPSs algorithm in modeling of small fields. Methods: Irradiation were performed using 6 MV photon beam of Siemens Artiste linear accelerator...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Signals and Sensors
Francesca Samsel, Sebastian Klaassen, David H Rogers
This article presents ColorMoves, an interactive tool that promotes exploration of scientific data through artist-driven color methods in a unique and transformative way. We discuss the power of contrast in scientific visualization, the design of the ColorMoves tool, and the tools application in several science domains.
January 2018: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Elizabeth V Kinchen, Victoria Loerzel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore student nurses' openness to using or recommending holistic therapies, the strategies they use to manage stress from school or work, and their perceptions of the impact of holistic therapies on personal health. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative component of a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study. METHODS: A convenience sample of undergraduate nursing students in a southeastern U.S. university completed baseline surveys, including demographics and three open-ended questions regarding attitudes toward holistic therapies and strategies used for stress management...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Megan E Graham, Andréa Fabricius
The materiality of long-term care and its relationship to a resident's identity is often overlooked. In response to the call for more attention to the meaningful aspects of doing art, the tactile experience of residents with dementia is considered in the context of a mandala project at a Canadian seniors' long-term care facility. The significance of making mandalas for residents is explored through three key themes: identity integration through gesture, the importance of artistic discernment and decision-making, and the value of corresponding with recalcitrant materials...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
T G Ilkevitch, N I Medvedkova
The article presents analysis of application of time budget by contingent of female students-artists of different courses. The purpose of study is to investigate life-style and health indices of female students-artists. The study tasks included to determine time spending for various kinds of activity of female students, to analyze certain health indices of female artists and to substantiate activities related to health promotion of this contingent. The applied methods included analysis of publications, analysis of temporarily disability certificates, questionnaire survey, health indices testing...
July 2017: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Emma Domínguez-Rué
Several studies have examined the interaction between the aging process and literary creativity, either to confirm the stereotype that wisdom and experience do not compensate for the inevitable decline of intellectual (and all) capacities (Lehman 1953; de Beauvoir 1972) or to highlight the empowering possibilities of embracing the knowledge and insight of a lifetime to continue developing creativity in maturity (Wyatt-Brown and Rossen 1993; Cohen-Shalev 2002; Casado-Gual, Domínguez-Rué and Worsfold 2016)...
March 2018: Journal of Aging Studies
Kevin A Hoff, Daniel A Briley, Colin J M Wee, James Rounds
Vocational interests predict a variety of important outcomes and are among the most widely applied individual difference constructs in psychology and education. Despite over 90 years of research, little is known about the longitudinal development of interests. In this meta-analysis, the authors investigate normative changes in interests through adolescence and young adulthood. Effect sizes were aggregated from 49 longitudinal studies reporting mean-level changes in vocational interests, containing 98 total samples and 20,639 participants...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
Neil Thomas Smith, Rachel Thwaites
This paper examines the precarious working lives of 'emerging' composers attempting to build a career in the world of new classical music in the UK. This topic is approached by considering the 'composition opportunity', success in which is seen as an important element in 'making it' in this sphere. We argue that such schemes in fact manifest a crucial tension in the nature of artistic labour, and are, at the very least, problematic in their function as conduits towards full professional identity. They may instead act to maintain the precarious working situation of composers in a neoliberal age...
February 28, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
Christian Ortega-Loubon, Carlos Culquichicón, Ricardo Correa
Case reports are valuable resources of unusual information that may lead to new research and advances in clinical practice. Many journals and medical databases recognize the time-honored importance of case reports as a valuable source of new ideas and information in clinical medicine. There are published editorials available on the continued importance of open-access case reports in our modern information-flowing world. Writing case reports is an academic duty with an artistic element. Unfortunately, few physicians-in-training receive formal education on what constitutes a publishable case report...
December 19, 2017: Curēus
Fruzsina Iszáj, Máté Kapitány-Fövény, Judit Farkas, Gyöngyi Kökönyei, Róbert Urbán, Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics
Media stories often suggest that those working in the creative arts appear to use and abuse psychoactive substances. The aim of the present study was to analyze the relationship between the use of psychoactive substances and the presence of psychological disorders among art and non-art students. Questionnaires related to these two areas were completed by 182 art students in higher education and a control group of 704 non-art university students. To assess psychoactive substance use, a structured questionnaire including the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST) and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) was administered to participants...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Timothy R Wojan, Bonnie Nichols
OBJECTIVE: Creative class theory explains the positive relationship between the arts and commercial innovation as the mutual attraction of artists and other creative workers by an unobserved creative milieu. This study explores alternative theories for rural settings, by analyzing establishment-level survey data combined with data on the local arts scene. The study identifies the local contextual factors associated with a strong design orientation, and estimates the impact that a strong design orientation has on the local economy...
2018: PloS One
Κ Flora
This article attempts an approach of madness by surrealism, as reflected in the pathway of the surrealist movement. In the light of enlargement of the concept of mental illness and the experience of madness, an approach is being attempted regarding the early surrealist views as they precursory appear e.g. from the case of Hieronymus Bosch to the meeting of the dominant psychiatry and the surrealist movement in the 19th and 20th century. Then, the paper attempts to present the main positions of representatives of the movement, such as Breton, Dali and Kalas...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Kun Hwang, Jeongho Choi
The aim of this study is to search for the origin of the term "ligament' in the face, present its status, and suggest a principle to rectify the use of unclear terminology.The structure that connects the zygoma to the skin was first presented by McGregor (1959). Kaye (1981), in describing his "extended facelift," wrote that the adherent area of the cheek over the malar eminence (McGregor's patch) usually requires sharp dissection. Bosse (1987) reported that the zygomatic ligament is quite solidly bound to the malar eminence and usually requires sharp dissection to release it...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Nick Love
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Martin R Tramèr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Ali Guermazi, Daichi Hayashi, Mohamed Jarraya, Michel D Crema, Roald Bahr, Frank W Roemer, João Grangeiro, Richard G Budgett, Torbjorn Soligard, Romulo Domingues, Abdalla Skaf, Lars Engebretsen
Purpose To describe the occurrence of imaging-depicted sports-related stress injuries, fractures, and muscle and tendon disorders during the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Materials and Methods Data on radiologic examinations were collected and retrospectively analyzed centrally by two board-certified musculoskeletal radiologists (with a third musculoskeletal radiologist acting as an adjudicator in case of discrepancies). Descriptive data on all imaging examinations by using radiography, ultrasonography (US), and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were collected and analyzed according to imaging modality, country of origin of the athletes, type of sport, and type and location of injury...
February 26, 2018: Radiology
Paula Thomson, S V Jaque
Childhood adversity is identified as any exposure to abuse, neglect or family dysfunction. Greater exposure to childhood adversity has been strongly identified with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine differences in creative experiences, fantasy proneness, dispositional flow, exposure to adult traumatic events, and psychopathology (internalized shame, trait anxiety), amongst professional performing artists who experienced no childhood adversity, some adversity, or substantial adversity...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"