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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221234/artist-s-statement-medicine-humanities-and-abstract-art
#1
Jennifer E Lane, Marianne Mitchell, Steven Rosenzweig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220826/different-brain-structures-associated-with-artistic-and-scientific-creativity-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#2
Baoguo Shi, Xiaoqing Cao, Qunlin Chen, Kaixiang Zhuang, Jiang Qiu
Creativity is the ability to produce original and valuable ideas or behaviors. In real life, artistic and scientific creativity promoted the development of human civilization; however, to date, no studies have systematically investigated differences in the brain structures responsible for artistic and scientific creativity in a large sample. Using voxel-based morphometry (VBM), this study identified differences in regional gray matter volume (GMV) across the brain between artistic and scientific creativity (assessed by the Creative Achievement Questionnaire) in 356 young, healthy subjects...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219294/architectural-renovations-of-body-as-temple
#3
Timothy Carroll
This paper addresses the Christian religious tradition of understanding the human body as the 'temple of the Holy Spirit' within the context of body modification in Eastern Orthodox Christianity. Drawing on ethnographic research in Jerusalem and Kansas City, interviews with artists and Orthodox Christians, and theological discourses on the body and art, this paper seeks to understand how the body is treated by Orthodox Christians and evaluates the ethical commitments and contestations around the human body and religious practice...
July 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215758/living-autobiographically-concepts-of-aging-and-artistic-expression-in-painting-and-modern-dance
#4
Mita Banerjee, Anita Wohlmann, Ralf Dahm
This article discusses the ways in which artists have incorporated or failed to incorporate the aging process of their bodies into their art. Using Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov and the French painter Claude Monet as cases in point, we explore situations in which physical changes brought about by aging compromises artists' ability to engage with their artistic medium. Connecting Monet's oeuvre and Baryshnikov's dance performances to life writing accounts, we draw on John Paul Eakin's concept of "living autobiographically": In this vein, life writing research does not only have to take into account concepts of identity as they emerge from life writing narratives, but it also needs to explore the somatic, corporeal and material dimensions of these narratives...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215284/how-children-learn-to-navigate-the-symbolic-world-of-pictures-the-importance-of-the-artist-s-mind-and-differentiating-picture-modalities
#5
M L Allen, E Armitage
Pictures offer a unique and essential contribution to our lives, both in terms of aesthetic pleasure and links to symbolic thought. As such, psychologists have devoted significant time to investigating how children acquire an understanding of pictures. This chapter focuses on two particular facets of this development: the role of the artist and the importance of picture modality. First, we review work that has focused on tracking children's ability to (a) map the relationship between the mental state of the artist and their pictures, and (b) incorporate such considerations into their evaluations of pictures...
2017: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198603/training-intensity-and-sagittal-curvature-of-the-spine-in-male-and-female-artistic-gymnasts
#6
Jose M Sanz-Mengibar, Pilar Sainz-DE-Baranda, Fernando Santonja-Medina
BACKGROUND: Specific adaptations of the spine in the sagittal plane have been described according to different sports disciplines. The goal of this study was to describe the integrative diagnosis of the sagittal morphotype of the spine in male and female artistic gymnasts. METHODS: 48 gymnasts were measured with an inclinometer. Thoracic and Lumbar curves were quantified in standing position, in Sit and Reach and Slump Sitting in order to assess the sagittal spine posture and analyze if adaptations were related to training intensity...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196082/seeing-shapes-in-seemingly-random-spatial-patterns-fractal-analysis-of-rorschach-inkblots
#7
R P Taylor, T P Martin, R D Montgomery, J H Smith, A P Micolich, C Boydston, B C Scannell, M S Fairbanks, B Spehar
Rorschach inkblots have had a striking impact on the worlds of art and science because of the remarkable variety of associations with recognizable and namable objects they induce. Originally adopted as a projective psychological tool to probe mental health, psychologists and artists have more recently interpreted the variety of induced images simply as a signature of the observers' creativity. Here we analyze the relationship between the spatial scaling parameters of the inkblot patterns and the number of induced associations, and suggest that the perceived images are induced by the fractal characteristics of the blot edges...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195375/co-labore-a-genuine-collaboration-between-arts-and-science-reflecting-viewpoints-and-merging-skills
#8
EDITORIAL
Lena Rakers, Ludger Tebben, Frank Glorius
Often chemists regard their scientific work as creative, when designing and synthesizing new molecules and larger assemblies. In this, we have to go through recurring stages of planning projects, doubting results, discarding ideas, and restarting them with a different approach in order to be successful in chemical research. From this point of view, can we fairly assume that these processes are analogous to the stages artists go through when creating art? In our efforts to strengthen reflective perspectives on what chemists are doing, the SFB 858 initiated a collaboration with the Academy of Fine Arts Münster...
February 13, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194960/a-new-method-for-non-invasive-analysis-of-proteins-and-small-molecules-from-ancient-objects
#9
Marcello Manfredi, Elettra Barberis, Fabio Gosetti, Eleonora Conte, Giorgio Gatti, Clara Mattu, Elisa Robotti, Gleb Zilberstein, Igor Koman, Svetlana Zilberstein, Emilio Marengo, Pier Giorgio Righetti
Proteins and small molecules from ancient objects and cultural heritage can provide key information and contribute to study the context of objects and artists. However, all present- day protocols and strategies for the analysis of ancient samples are often invasive and require micro sampling. Here, we present a new method for the non-invasive analysis of proteins and small molecules: the technique uses a special ethyl-vinyl acetate film functionalized with strong cation/anion exchange and C8 resins, for interacting with both proteins and small molecules present on the surface of the objects, followed by LC-MS/MS analysis...
February 8, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193368/-becoming-another-transformations-in-the-therapist-who-works-with-gay-and-lesbian-couples
#10
María Victoria Builes Correa, María Teresa Anderson Gómez, Beatriz Helena Arango Arbeláez
OBJECTIVE: To recognise the changes experienced by the therapist who works with gay and lesbian couples. METHOD: Qualitative with biographical-narrative method. Seven therapists were interviewed in Medellin. RESULTS: Three moments in the life trajectory of the participants were identified: Before: closeness and distances between families and the school were found (distances, makes reference, among others, to discourses about homosexuality...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182480/are-portrait-artists-superior-face-recognizers-limited-impact-of-adult-experience-on-face-recognition-ability
#11
Jeremy J Tree, Ruth Horry, Howard Riley, Jeremy B Wilmer
Across 2 studies, the authors asked whether extensive experience in portrait art is associated with face recognition ability. In Study 1, 64 students completed a standardized face recognition test before and after completing a year-long art course that included substantial portraiture training. They found no evidence of an improvement in face recognition after training over and above what would be expected by practice alone. In Study 2, the authors investigated the possibility that more extensive experience might be needed for such advantages to emerge, by testing a cohort of expert portrait artists (N = 28), all of whom had many years of experience...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168882/the-evolution-of-psychoanalytic-thought-a-brief-view-through-the-lens-of-western-art-and-history-freud-and-beyond
#12
Tania Stavovy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to explore the diversity and progress in psychoanalysis and psychotherapy post-Sigmund Freud from the perspective of Western art. Since 1900 the shift from one-person psychology to the more contemporary two-person psychology is reflected in the creativity of artists, particularly in their depiction of the mother-infant relationship. CONCLUSION: An alternative perspective in understanding the evolution of Man's nature can be drawn from a discourse between art, history and psychoanalytic thought...
February 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161891/genius-begins-at-home-shared-social-identity-enhances-the-recognition-of-creative-performance
#13
Niklas K Steffens, S Alexander Haslam, Michelle K Ryan, Kathryn Millard
The present research examines the extent to which the recognition of creative performance is structured by social group membership. It does this by analysing the award of merit prizes for Best Actor and Actress in a Leading Role for the international award of US-based Oscars and British-based BAFTAs since BAFTA's inception of this category in 1968. For both awards, the exclusive assessment criterion is the quality of artists' performance in the international arena. Results show that US artists won a greater proportion of Oscars than BAFTAs (odds ratio: 2...
February 5, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158307/aspasia-a-toolkit-for-evaluating-the-effects-of-biological-interventions-on-sbml-model-behaviour
#14
Stephanie Evans, Kieran Alden, Lourdes Cucurull-Sanchez, Christopher Larminie, Mark C Coles, Marika C Kullberg, Jon Timmis
A calibrated computational model reflects behaviours that are expected or observed in a complex system, providing a baseline upon which sensitivity analysis techniques can be used to analyse pathways that may impact model responses. However, calibration of a model where a behaviour depends on an intervention introduced after a defined time point is difficult, as model responses may be dependent on the conditions at the time the intervention is applied. We present ASPASIA (Automated Simulation Parameter Alteration and SensItivity Analysis), a cross-platform, open-source Java toolkit that addresses a key deficiency in software tools for understanding the impact an intervention has on system behaviour for models specified in Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML)...
February 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156540/family-camp-a-multi-disciplinary-intervention-for-brain-tumor-patients-and-families
#15
Mary Lovely, Abigail Levinson Marks, Amanda K LaMarre, Susan M Chang, Jennifer Clarke, Judy Patt, Emelia Barani
: 240 Background: The diagnosis of a brain tumor is a catastrophic life changing event that impacts the entire family. Patients and caregivers experience dramatic role changes, concern for their children, financial stress, and isolation. For many, the situation is overwhelming. A novel intervention to address these needs is "Family Camp". Our vision for camp was to provide respite to the entire family, decrease caregiver stress, improve family connections and promote a sense of understanding and connection with the community at large...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149388/an-investigation-into-the-relationship-between-pre-competition-mood-states-age-gender-and-a-national-ranking-in-artistic-gymnastics
#16
Dóra Boldizsár, István Soós, Ian Whyte, Pál Hamar
This study investigated the relationship between pre-competition mood state factors in gymnastics by gender, age and a national ranking. Participant-gymnasts (total n=116, male n=49, female n=67) completed a Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) one day prior to their main competition of the year. Information was also gathered from gymnasts of gender, age and a national ranking. Consistent with theoretical predictions, results confirmed that a number of pre-competition mood states differed by age with both juniors and seniors having a higher level of anger than children (p<...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141870/cellular-stress-response-gene-expression-during-upper-and-lower-body-high-intensity-exercises
#17
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Stanisław Sawczyn, Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Jan Mieszkowski, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Małgorzata Żychowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare the effect of upper and lower body high-intensity exercise on chosen genes expression in athletes and non-athletes. METHOD: Fourteen elite male artistic gymnasts (EAG) aged 20.6 ± 3.3 years and 14 physically active men (PAM) aged 19.9 ± 1.0 years performed lower and upper body 30 s Wingate Tests. Blood samples were collected before, 5 and 30 minutes after each effort to assess gene expression via PCR. RESULTS: Significantly higher mechanical parameters after lower body exercise was observed in both groups, for relative power (8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140391/an-extensive-dataset-of-eye-movements-during-viewing-of-complex-images
#18
Niklas Wilming, Selim Onat, José P Ossandón, Alper Açık, Tim C Kietzmann, Kai Kaspar, Ricardo R Gameiro, Alexandra Vormberg, Peter König
We present a dataset of free-viewing eye-movement recordings that contains more than 2.7 million fixation locations from 949 observers on more than 1000 images from different categories. This dataset aggregates and harmonizes data from 23 different studies conducted at the Institute of Cognitive Science at Osnabrück University and the University Medical Center in Hamburg-Eppendorf. Trained personnel recorded all studies under standard conditions with homogeneous equipment and parameter settings. All studies allowed for free eye-movements, and differed in the age range of participants (~7-80 years), stimulus sizes, stimulus modifications (phase scrambled, spatial filtering, mirrored), and stimuli categories (natural and urban scenes, web sites, fractal, pink-noise, and ambiguous artistic figures)...
January 31, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137529/a-comparative-study-of-art-therapy-in-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-and-improvement-in-quality-of-life-by-watercolor-painting
#19
H Bozcuk, K Ozcan, C Erdogan, H Mutlu, M Demir, S Coskun
BACKGROUND: There is limited data on the role of art therapy used in cancer patients. We wanted to test the effect of painting art therapy provided by a dedicated professional painting artist on quality of life and anxiety and depression levels in patients having chemotherapy. METHODS: Cancer patients having chemotherapy in the day unit of a medical oncology department of a university hospital were offered to take part in a painting art therapy program (PATP). This program consisted of a professional painting artist facilitating and helping patients to perform painting during their chemotherapy sessions while they were in the day unit, as well as supplying them painting material for home practice...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135156/dream-images-and-creation
#20
Céline Masson, Silke Schauder, Simone Korff Sausse
This article links contemporary psychoanalytic theories of the dream, especially Bion's, with the work of the American video artist Bill Viola, who is deeply influenced by altered states of consciousness and produces images of dreamlike quality. We discuss the oneiric and infantile roots of creativity and artistic inspiration, finally taking Viola's monumental artwork The Passing (1991) as paradigmatic of the artist's aesthetic and philosophical elaboration of the relationship between life and death.
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
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