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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749062/the-art-of-the-cover
#1
Nora Porter
Often, it's difficult to match up our cover artwork with the subjects of our lead articles and special reports. Of necessity, we sometimes turn to pure abstraction. How else to illustrate technical policy articles on subjects such as changing research protocols or informed consent, or abstract ideas like congruence, duality, imbalance, causality? At such times, we have to be pretty creative, and my search for cover art can be long and challenging. In the end, we hope that the reader will make the connection between cover and content...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747686/memory-and-perception-based-facial-image-reconstruction
#2
Chi-Hsun Chang, Dan Nemrodov, Andy C H Lee, Adrian Nestor
Visual memory for faces has been extensively researched, especially regarding the main factors that influence face memorability. However, what we remember exactly about a face, namely, the pictorial content of visual memory, remains largely unclear. The current work aims to elucidate this issue by reconstructing face images from both perceptual and memory-based behavioural data. Specifically, our work builds upon and further validates the hypothesis that visual memory and perception share a common representational basis underlying facial identity recognition...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746464/elaboration-of-an-instrument-to-investigate-the-acquisition-of-minimal-contrast-perception-in-the-brazilian-sign-language
#3
Diéssica Zacarias Vargas, Carolina Lisbôa Mezzomo, Themis Maria Kessler
Purpose: To design an instrument to check the perception of minimal contrasts by through pairs of signs, which differ in one the following parameters: handshape, hand location, hand movement and hand orientation. Methods: An inventory of minimal pairs was made and some pictures were drawn by a visual artist. These pictures were organized into three columns, which could be equal or different from each other in the pair. A video file with an interpreter making two signs at a time was played to the individual taking the test and this was expected to watch the signs and point to the pictures that corresponded to them...
July 20, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746437/the-art-and-neurology-of-paul-richer
#4
Péricles Maranhão-Filho
In the 1890s, one of Charcot's most important protégés, Dr. Paul Richer (1849-1933), drew and sculpted a series of representations of the main types of nerve pathology. That series included drawings of pleomorphic hysterical crises and sculptures depicting patients suffering from labio-glosso-laryngeal paralysis and myopathy, as well as Parkinson's disease. Richer was a resident at La Salpêtrière and, in 1882, became head of the Charcot museum. Early in his career, despite having no formal artistic training, he could represent masterfully, in drawings and sculptures, people's tragic suffering from neurological diseases...
July 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746376/expressive-intent-ambiguity-and-aesthetic-experiences-of-music-and-poetry
#5
Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis, William H Levine, Rhimmon Simchy-Gross, Carolyn Kroger
A growing number of studies are investigating the way that aesthetic experiences are generated across different media. Empathy with a perceived human artist has been suggested as a common mechanism [1]. In this study, people heard 30 s excerpts of ambiguous music and poetry preceded by neutral, positively valenced, or negatively valenced information about the composer's or author's intent. The information influenced their perception of the excerpts-excerpts paired with positive intent information were perceived as happier and excerpts paired with negative intent information were perceived as sadder (although across intent conditions, musical excerpts were perceived as happier than poetry excerpts)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742616/twenty-year-systematic-review-of-the-hip-pathology-risk-factors-treatment-and-clinical-outcomes-in-artistic-athletes-dancers-figure-skaters-and-gymnasts
#6
Ioanna Bolia, Hajime Utsunomiya, Renato Locks, Karen Briggs, Marc J Philippon
OBJECTIVE: To identify (1) the predominant level of evidence of the clinical studies regarding the hip pathology, risk factors, treatment, and clinical outcomes in artistic athletes (dancers, figure skaters, and gymnasts) (2) the most commonly reported hip pathology, risk factors, treatments, and clinical outcomes in dancers, figure skaters, and gymnasts. METHODS: To conduct this systematic review PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched for relevant studies and pertinent data were collected from the eligible articles...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742572/artist-s-statement-in-the-face-of-hunger
#7
Ryan M McAdams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736325/traumatic-neuropathy-of-the-trigeminal-nerve-in-a-college-trumpet-player-a-case-report
#8
Jeremy Lee Stanek, Kevin Donserm Komes
A 20-year-old college trumpet player presented with a 3-month history of upper lip numbness and worsening playing ability after a marching band performance. Examination demonstrated anesthesia of the upper lip following the borders of the trumpet mouthpiece. While playing, the patient had poor range and an airy tone quality. A prescription of complete embouchure rest for 6 weeks and a tailored return to play regimen resulted in resolution of upper lip numbness and improved trumpet playing. Neuropathy of the lip in a brass player is uncommon but highlights the uniqueness of injuries that may be sustained by performing artists...
July 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728950/anthropometric-study-of-the-caucasian-nose-in-the-city-of-curitiba-relevance-of-population-evaluation
#9
Annelyse Cristine Ballin, Bettina Carvalho, José Eduardo Lutaif Dolci, Renata Becker, Cezar Berger, Marcos Mocellin
INTRODUCTION: Norms and patterns of nasal esthetics are essential for an adequate preoperative evaluation and surgical programming. The esthetic nasal patterns used are a blend of artistic beauty ideals and tracings in models and celebrities. Because they do not consider population measures, they vary according to the period, and allow a discrepancy between the surgeon's preference and the patient's real desire for rhinoplasty. Not all populations wish to obtain an esthetic result according to these values, but prefer a natural result, that is, one with some of the nasal characteristics of the population to which they belong to...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726452/psychobiography-theory-and-method
#10
William Todd Schultz, Stephanie Lawrence
Psychobiography is best understood as a branch of applied personality science in which experimental findings are used to explore the lives and personalities of public figures, from artists to politicians. This article introduces the field, addresses questions commonly raised about it, and explores, among other subjects, what psychobiographical research might offer to the field of psychology. Two recent model psychobiographies are described in detail-McAdams's (2010) profile of George W. Bush and Kasser's (2013) analysis of John Lennon-both of which are oriented scientifically and rooted in experimentally derived concepts...
July 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720268/art-in-cancer-care-exploring-the-role-of-visual-art-making-programs-within-an-energy-restoration-framework
#11
Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Gretchen Ennis, Nasreena Waheed, Fiona Carter
PURPOSE: In contrast to art-therapy, little is known about the role of art-making for people who have been diagnosed with cancer, and even less is known about program-based art-making. This study explored the experience of participation in a visual art-making program for people during and after cancer treatment in the Northern Territory of Australia. METHOD: A longitudinal, qualitative, single cohort study was undertaken. Eight women diagnosed with breast and/or ovarian cancer participated in weekly art-making sessions over eight weeks, facilitated by two professional artists...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717518/the-sharing-of-radiological-images-by-professional-mixed-martial-arts-fighters-on-social-media
#12
George Rahmani, Cormac W Joyce, Peter McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Mixed martial arts is a sport that has recently enjoyed a significant increase in popularity. This rise in popularity has catapulted many of these "cage fighters" into stardom and many regularly use social media to reach out to their fans. An interesting result of this interaction on social media is that athletes are sharing images of their radiological examinations when they sustain an injury. PURPOSE: To review instances where mixed martial arts fighters shared images of their radiological examinations on social media and in what context they were shared...
June 2017: Acta Radiologica Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715313/the-visible-human-project-from-body-to-bits
#13
Michael J Ackerman
Atlases of anatomy have long been a mainstay for visualizing and identifying features of the human body [1]. Many are constructed of idealized illustrations rendered so that structures are presented as three-dimensional (3-D) pictures. Others have employed photographs of actual dissections. Still others are composed of collections of artist renderings of organs or areas of interest. All rely on a basically two-dimensional (2-D) graphic display to depict and allow for a better understanding of a complicated 3-D structure...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713301/understanding-the-impact-of-expertise-in-joint-and-solo-improvisation
#14
Johann Issartel, Mathieu Gueugnon, Ludovic Marin
Joint-improvisation is not only an open-ended creative action that two or more people perform together in the context of an artistic performance (e.g., theatre, music or dance). Joint-improvisation also takes place in daily life activities when humans take part in collective performance such as toddlers at play or adults engaged in a conversation. In the context of this article, joint-improvisation has been looked at from a social motor coordination perspective. In the literature, the nature of the social motor coordination characteristics of joint-improvisation for either the creative aspect or daily life features of this motor performance remains unclear...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712538/lessons-from-the-lives-of-celebrated-musicians-what-armstrong-cash-dylan-ellington-fitzgerald-and-sinatra-can-teach-us-about-creative-resilience-and-aging
#15
Jeffrey M Lyness
For a decade the author has delivered presentations using techniques from the humanities, principally biography, to elucidate themes of creative resilience and aging in the lives of well-known musicians, illustrated with excerpted images, audio clips, and videos. The goal has been to stimulate discussions about the potential for creative growth in later years, even in the face of the professional and personal setbacks inevitable in the course of life, with implications for clinical work with older adults and for ourselves as we age...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698778/eric-kandel-s-reductionism-in-art-and-brain-science-bridging-the-two-cultures
#16
Ed Bilsky
Reductive art is a term to describe an artistic style or an aesthetic, rather than an art movement. It is stripping down as a new way of seeing. Movements and other terms that are sometimes associated with reductive art include abstract art, minimalism, ABC art, anti-illusionism, cool art, and rejective art. Eric Kandel's fifth book focuses on reductionism as the principle guiding an ongoing dialogue between the worlds of science and art.
May 2017: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693349/the-wounded-maternity-in-the-fine-arts
#17
Simona Giardina, Maria Rosa Montinari
The historian Fielding Garrison wrote that the history of medicine is the history of mankind, as it encompasses all of human life. This means that the history of medicine encourages us to critically reflect not only on the information (the what, the world of facts) but also invites us to move towards understanding (the who, the world of stories). Next to the historical change, there is the anthropological duration with its baggage of immutable values that art brings to light. The merit of art is to focus not only on the biological aspects, but also on the social and emotional ones that define the mother/child relationship...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690373/feminist-to-postfeminist-contemporary-biofictions-by-and-about-women-artists
#18
Julia Novak
Biographical novels about historical women artists have been experiencing a veritable boom in recent years. Written mostly by women, they can be understood as women authors' attempts to reach out across time (and often, space) to other "artistic" women whose lives "speak to us" today. It has long been a key insight of historical fiction research that a historical novel reveals more about the time in which it was written than the time in which it is set. As such, it can be assumed that contemporary novels about historical women speak as much to twenty-first-century conceptions of femininity as to particular historical moments of female subjectivity...
January 2, 2017: Angelaki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690003/artistic-clues-to-psychogenic-tremor-using-pen-and-paper
#19
Lauren James, Debabrata Ghosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688195/physiology-of-biodeterioration-on-canvas-paintings
#20
REVIEW
Fernando Poyatos, Fátima Morales, A W Nicholson, Antonio Giordano
The study of the physiological action of microorganisms in artistic materials is one of the most interesting topics in biodeterioration nowadays. Pathologies and illnesses of organic and inorganic materials provoked by microorganisms can be treated by experts by a variety of preventive interventions. Artistic medicine encompasses the monitoring of the exhibition and storage of art, as well as proper environmental conditions and the regular cleaning of museums. Biodeterioration control is essential in order to prevent fungal and bacterial contamination in artwork...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
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