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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784806/restoration-of-paper-artworks-with-microemulsions-confined-in-hydrogels-for-safe-and-efficient-removal-of-adhesive-tapes
#1
Nicole Bonelli, Costanza Montis, Antonio Mirabile, Debora Berti, Piero Baglioni
The presence of pressure-sensitive tapes (PSTs) on paper artworks, either fortuitous or specifically applied for conservation purposes, is one of the most frequent and difficult issues encountered during restoration. Aged PSTs can damage or disfigure artworks, compromising structural integrity, readability, and enjoyment. Current procedures are often inherently hazardous for artistic media and paper support. Challenged by the necessity to remove PSTs from a contemporary and an ancient drawing (20th century, by artists da Silva and Hayter, and a 16th century drawing of one figure from the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo), we addressed this issue from a physicochemical perspective, leveraging colloid and interface science...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783890/dementia-and-sculpture-making-exploring-artistic-responses-of-people-with-dementia
#2
Sumita Chauhan
In its form, sculpture reveals not only the artist's self-expression but also the transformative qualities through which it influences our senses. Frequent interactions with sculpture can provide creative awareness, which in turn leads to a better understanding and appreciation of artistic expressions. This paper examines possible ways in which the creative potential of people with dementia can be explored through meaningful artistic engagement with sculpture-making processes. A study was conducted involving seven participants diagnosed with the early stages of dementia who engaged and experimented with different types of sculpture-making processes, from clay and papier mâché to virtual and digital sculptures...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779754/introduction-art-and-the-brain-from-pleasure-to-well-being
#3
EDITORIAL
Julia F Christensen, Antoni Gomila
Empirical aesthetics in general, and neuroaesthetics in particular, have been very much influenced by Berlyne's psychobiological program. For him, aesthetic appreciation involved the brain's reward and aversion systems. From this point of view, art constitutes a set of potentially rewarding stimuli. Research has certainly made great advances in understanding how the process of artistic valuation takes places, and which brain circuits are involved in generating the pleasure we obtain from artistic practices, performances, and works...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779751/can-shared-mechanisms-of-cultural-evolution-illuminate-the-process-of-creativity-within-the-arts-and-the-sciences
#4
Rory Allen, Pamela Heaton
All creative activity brings about change, since it results in the production of something that did not previously exist. The act of creation is itself influenced by changes that have been previously brought about by others, including previous acts of creation. As with any human behavior, creativity has both biological and cultural aspects and is therefore influenced by biological as well as cultural evolution. However, biological evolution operates slowly and over a much longer timescale than cultural evolution, and change occurring within a human lifetime must be driven by cultural and social, rather than biological processes...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779750/on-the-moral-import-of-the-arts-the-case-of-music
#5
Antoni Gomila, Julia F Christensen
There has been a controversy on the moral import of music and art in general. On the one hand, the moralist view contends that there is some sort of link between art and morality, even if the way to specify this link may be highly diverse. It comprises most of the classical views of art, from Schiller's view of the role of artistic education in moral development, to any view that declares a form of art as corrupt or degenerated, or enlightening. What it is assumed minimally in all of them is that the moral import of an artwork contributes to its aesthetic value...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779749/relating-movements-in-aesthetic-spaces-immersing-distancing-and-remembering
#6
Sophie De Beukelaer, Ruben Azevedo, Manos Tsakiris
According to Aby Warburg, the aesthetic experience is informed by a pendulum-like movement of the observer's mind that allows him to immerse as well as to take distance from the artwork's composing elements. To account for Warburg's definition, we are proposing embodied simulation and associative processing as constitutive mechanisms of this pendulum-like movement within the aesthetic experience that enable the observer to relate to the displayed artistic material within aesthetic spaces. Furthermore, we suggest that associative processing elicits constructive memory processes that permit the development of a knowledge within which the objects of art become part of memory networks, potentially informing future ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving in real-world situations, as an individual or collectively...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779748/seeking-salience-in-engaging-art-a-short-story-about-attention-artistic-value-and-neuroscience
#7
William P Seeley
It has recently been suggested that research in neuroscience of art has failed to bring art into focus in the laboratory. Two general arguments are brought to bear in the regard. The common perceptual mechanisms argument observes that neuroscientists working within this field develop models to explain art relative to the ways that artworks are fine-tuned to the operations of perceptual systems. However, these perceptual explanations apply equally to how viewers come to recognize and understand art and nonart objects and events...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779747/art-energy-and-the-brain
#8
Robert Pepperell
Recent years have seen a growing interest among neuroscientists and vision scientists in art and aesthetics, exemplifying a more general trend toward interdisciplinary integration in the arts, humanities, and sciences. However, true art-science integration remains a distant prospect due to fundamental differences in outlook and approach between disciplines. I consider two great challenges for any project designed to explain the role of the brain in art appreciation. First, scientists and artists need to identify common ground, common questions, and a shared motivation for inquiry...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779746/art-and-brain-coevolution
#9
Camilo José Cela-Conde, Francisco J Ayala
The competence for appreciating beauty appears to be a human universal trait. This fact points out to a phylogenetically derived capacity that, somehow, evolved by means of natural selection. To detail how this evolutionary process took place is difficult to determine, because appreciating beauty is an elusive capacity, impossible to be detected in the fossil record. However, efforts have been made to understand the main characteristics of such competence, particularly by means of the advances of neuroaesthetics...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779741/bioaesthetics-the-evolution-of-aesthetic-cognition-in-humans-and-other-animals
#10
Gesche Westphal-Fitch, W Tecumseh Fitch
Bioaesthetics, an exciting new branch of aesthetics, examines the evolutionary origins of aesthetics in humans and other animals. We suggest that aesthetics is a multicomponent faculty and discuss certain traits that are shared with other species. We discuss Richard Prum's theory that aesthetic signal and audience are joined in a coevolutionary loop: one by necessity shaping the other. We discuss its implications for aesthetic phenomena as diverse as sexual selection, domestication, and cuisine. In addition to biologically evolved aesthetics, we emphasize that humans possess culturally coevolved aesthetics, which helps explain the unusual variability of aesthetic domains across human cultures...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775913/mobile-phone-based-evaluation-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-proof-of-concept-for-an-integrated-image-capture-and-analysis-system
#11
Safa Naraghi, Tinashe Mutsvangwa, René Goliath, Molebogeng X Rangaka, Tania S Douglas
BACKGROUND: The tuberculin skin test is the most widely used method for detecting latent tuberculosis infection in adults and active tuberculosis in children. We present the development of a mobile-phone based screening tool for measuring the tuberculin skin test induration. METHOD: The tool makes use of a mobile application developed on the Android platform to capture images of an induration, and photogrammetric reconstruction using Agisoft PhotoScan to reconstruct the induration in 3D, followed by 3D measurement of the induration with the aid of functions from the Python programming language...
May 8, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769826/effects-of-gymnastics-activities-on-bone-accrual-during-growth-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jaak Jürimäe, Rita Gruodyte-Raciene, Adam D G Baxter-Jones
The amount of bone gained during childhood and adolescence impacts greatly on lifetime skeletal health. The purpose of this review is to summarize current evidence of the effects of gymnastics activities on bone mineral accrual during growth and to describe possible factors that influence bone mineral gains. The PubMed and SportDiscus databases were searched, and a total of 24 articles met the selection criteria and were included in this review. Artistic and rhythmic gymnasts presented higher bone mineral density and content values compared to untrained controls, despite possible negative effects associated with hormonal levels, dietary restrictions and body fat...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765662/new-guinea-bone-daggers-were-engineered-to-preserve-social-prestige
#13
Nathaniel J Dominy, Samuel T Mills, Christopher M Yakacki, Paul B Roscoe, R Dana Carpenter
Bone daggers were once widespread in New Guinea. Their purpose was both symbolic and utilitarian; they functioned as objects of artistic expression with the primary function of stabbing and killing people at close quarters. Most daggers were shaped from the tibiotarsus of cassowaries, but daggers shaped from the femora of respected men carried greater social prestige. The greater cross-sectional curvature of human bone daggers indicates superior strength, but the material properties of cassowary bone are unknown...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763825/reconstructing-the-colour-palette-of-the-konstantinos-parthenis-burnt-paintings
#14
N Antonopoulou-Athera, E Chatzitheodoridis, A Terlixi, M Doulgerides, A A Serafetinides
This case study focuses on the reconstruction of the colour palette and the possibility of laser cleaning of burnt paintings. The paintings ORPHEUS IN THE UNDERWORLD and CONCORDIA, composed by the Greek artist Konstantinos Parthenis (1878-1967), have been severely damaged by fire. The colour palette of Parthenis is thoroughly investigated for the first time, and to perform this, a multi-analytical spectroscopic approach was employed. Non-destructive in situ analysis was performed on multiple areas of the paintings by portable XRF...
May 9, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763813/age-and-gymnastic-experience-effects-on-sensory-reweighting-processes-during-quiet-stand
#15
Albert Busquets, Silvia Aranda-Garcia, Blai Ferrer-Uris, Michel Marina, Rosa Angulo-Barroso
BACKGROUND: The relative contribution of sensory inputs to control balance while standing is dynamically adjusted. These sensory reweighting processes could be impacted by age and sport expertise capabilities, especially when the sport emphasizes equilibrium like artistic gymnastics. RESEARCH QUESTION: The aim of this study was to explore the sensory reweighting processes to adjust standing posture in children and adults with different gymnastic expertise (gymnasts, G, and non-gymnast, NG)...
May 8, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755585/a-study-of-the-effect-of-the-front-end-styling-of-sport-utility-vehicles-on-pedestrian-head-injuries
#16
Guanjun Zhang, Qin Qin, Zheng Chen, Zhonghao Bai, Libo Cao
Background: The number of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) on China market is continuously increasing. It is necessary to investigate the relationships between the front-end styling features of SUVs and head injuries at the styling design stage for improving the pedestrian protection performance and product development efficiency. Methods: Styling feature parameters were extracted from the SUV side contour line. And simplified finite element models were established based on the 78 SUV side contour lines...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754410/hi-tech-restoration-by-two-steps-biocleaning-process-of-triumph-of-death-fresco-at-the-camposanto-monumental-cemetery-pisa-italy
#17
Giancarlo Ranalli, Elisabetta Zanardini, Alessia Andreotti, Maria Perla Colombini, Cristina Corti, Pilar Bosch-Roig, Paola De Nuntiis, Giuseppe Lustrato, Paolo Mandrioli, Laura Rampazzi, Carlo Giantomassi, Donatella Zari
AIMS: In this work, the "hi-tech" complex biocleaning and restoration of the 14th-century fresco Triumph of Death (5.6x15.0 m) at the Camposanto Monumental Cemetery (Pisa, Italy) is reported. Since 2000, the restoration based on the biological cleaning of noble medieval frescoes, has been successfully utilized in this site. METHODS AND RESULTS: The novelty of this study is the 2-steps biocleaning process using Pseudomonas stutzeri A29 viable cells, previously applied for recovering other valuable frescoes...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750341/aqua-vitae-aqua-permanens-dreaming-drowning-swimming-and-surfing-in-analysis
#18
Marilyn Mathew
In response to the question 'Who is My Jung?', this paper describes the profound personal impact of Jung's creative / artistic approach to the unconscious, beginning with my discovery of The Red Book at the age of twelve. Echoing the flow of my own dream-life, I trace the course of two analyses through the alchemical process of solutio, which began with numinous dreams of tidal waves and plunged us into inter- and intra-psychic analytic relationships that evoked vestigial memories of our first aquatic world in utero...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742461/visual-mismatch-negativity-indicates-automatic-task-independent-detection-of-artistic-image-composition-in-abstract-artworks
#19
Claudia Menzel, Gyula Kovács, Catarina Amado, Gregor U Hayn-Leichsenring, Christoph Redies
In complex abstract art, image composition (i.e., the artist's deliberate arrangement of pictorial elements) is an important aesthetic feature. We investigated whether the human brain detects image composition in abstract artworks automatically (i.e., independently of the experimental task). To this aim, we studied whether a group of 20 original artworks elicited a visual mismatch negativity when contrasted with a group of 20 images that were composed of the same pictorial elements as the originals, but in shuffled arrangements, which destroy artistic composition...
May 6, 2018: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737614/trends-in-substance-references-in-australian-top-20-songs-between-1990-and-2015
#20
Simone Pettigrew, Isla Henriques, Kaela Farrier
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This study examined references to alcohol and other drugs in top 20 songs over the last quarter of a century to explore the potential for popular music to constitute a barometer for changes occurring in youth consumption of alcohol and other substances. DESIGN AND METHODS: The online Australian Recording Industry Association charts resource was accessed to identify the top 20 songs for the period 1990 to 2015 inclusive. The lyrics of the identified songs were imported into NVivo11 for coding and analysis...
April 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
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