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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#1
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525538/chimeraviz-a-tool-for-visualizing-chimeric-rna
#2
Stian Lågstad, Sen Zhao, Andreas M Hoff, Bjarne Johannessen, Ole Christian Lingjærde, Rolf I Skotheim
Summary: Advances in high-throughput RNA sequencing have enabled more efficient detection of fusion transcripts, but the technology and associated software used for fusion detection from sequencing data often yield a high false discovery rate. Good prioritization of the results is important, and this can be helped by a visualization framework that automatically integrates RNA data with known genomic features. Here we present chimeraviz , a Bioconductor package that automates the creation of chimeric RNA visualizations...
May 19, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524876/self-assembly-of-a-supramolecular-hexagram-and-a-supramolecular-pentagram
#3
Zhilong Jiang, Yiming Li, Ming Wang, Bo Song, Kun Wang, Mingyu Sun, Die Liu, Xiaohong Li, Jie Yuan, Mingzhao Chen, Yuan Guo, Xiaoyu Yang, Tong Zhang, Charles N Moorefield, George R Newkome, Bingqian Xu, Xiaopeng Li, Pingshan Wang
Five- and six-pointed star structures occur frequently in nature as flowers, snow-flakes, leaves and so on. These star-shaped patterns are also frequently used in both functional and artistic man-made architectures. Here following a stepwise synthesis and self-assembly approach, pentagonal and hexagonal metallosupramolecules possessing star-shaped motifs were prepared based on the careful design of metallo-organic ligands (MOLs). In the MOL design and preparation, robust ruthenium-terpyridyl complexes were employed to construct brominated metallo-organic intermediates, followed by a Suzuki coupling reaction to achieve the required ensemble...
May 19, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507866/establishing-content-validity-of-the-cleft-q-a-new-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-for-cleft-lip-palate
#4
Elena Tsangaris, Karen W Y Wong Riff, Tim Goodacre, Christopher R Forrest, Marieke Dreise, Jonathan Sykes, Tristan de Chalain, Karen Harman, Aisling O'Mahony, Andrea L Pusic, Lehana Thabane, Achilleas Thoma, Anne F Klassen
BACKGROUND: The CLEFT-Q is a new patient-reported outcome instrument designed to measure outcomes that matter to patients. The aim of this qualitative study was to establish content validity of the CLEFT-Q in patients who differ by age and culture. METHODS: Patients aged between 6 and 29 years were recruited from plastic surgery clinics in Canada, India, Ireland, the Philippines, the Netherlands and the United States. Healthcare providers and other experts participated in a focus group or provided individual feedback...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503390/the-challenges-of-developing-a-participatory-arts-intervention-for-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia
#5
Adam Golden, Denise Gammonley, Gay Hanna Powell, Thomas T Wan
We describe the development and challenges in implementing a web-based participatory art intervention specifically designed for caregivers of persons with dementia to use at home with their loved one.   Method: An interprofessional team, including an experienced national panel of artists, developed a participatory arts toolkit consisting of seven web-based modules involving a combination of music, singing, dancing, poetry, and painting. Participants completed a survey of demographics, caregiver needs, and caregiver burden...
April 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503014/fathers-involvement-correlates-and-consequences-for-child-socioemotional-behavior-in-the-united-kingdom
#6
Anne McMunn, Peter Martin, Yvonne Kelly, Amanda Sacker
This study investigated longitudinal relationships between fathers' involvement, as measured by reading, and child socioemotional behavior between infancy and age 7 in 9,238 intact two-parent families from the U.K. Millennium Cohort Study, a national cohort of British children born between 2000 and 2002. Once a variety of covariates and the potential bidirectional nature of relationships were taken into account, a path model showed that fathers' involvement with their children in infancy significantly predicted better socioemotional behavior at age 3, although the relationship was not strong...
June 2017: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501360/cow-urine-indian-yellow-and-art-forgeries-an-update
#7
Gregory Dale Smith
In a recent technical note in this Journal, de Faria et al., 2017 [1] reported the Raman spectrum of authentic Indian yellow artists' pigment, correcting a decades old reference spectrum that has led to the misidentification of this pigment in artworks that actually contained tartrazine yellow. The present communication provides additional information and corrects important experimental details mentioned by de Faria et al. that should lead to further identifications of the authentic pigment in artworks. Despite their claim that the analysis of this naturally fluorescent colorant is only possible with Fourier transform (FT) instruments, the ready characterization of two authentic samples of historic Indian yellow pigment is demonstrated here using commonly available visible and near-infrared excitation sources on a dispersive Raman microspectrometer...
April 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500001/exemplar-based-image-and-video-stylization-using-fully-convolutional-semantic-features
#8
Feida Zhu, Zhicheng Yan, Jiajun Bu, Yizhou Yu
Color and tone stylization in images and videos strives to enhance unique themes with artistic color and tone adjustments. It has a broad range of applications from professional image postprocessing to photo sharing over social networks. Mainstream photo enhancement softwares, such as Adobe Lightroom and Instagram, provide users with predefined styles, which are often hand-crafted through a trial-and-error process. Such photo adjustment tools lack a semantic understanding of image contents and the resulting global color transform limits the range of artistic styles it can represent...
May 10, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493064/evidence-based-prerequisites-and-precursors-of-athletic-talent-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Vladimir B Issurin
Extensive findings related to nature and nurture in determining athletic talent (AT) have been reviewed. Available data demonstrate the important contribution of hereditary factors as well as the crucial importance of environmental prerequisites for identifying and developing AT. Recent publications provide examples of contemporary approaches intended to solve the problem of how to discover and nurture AT. A number of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies highlighted possibilities of revealing a predisposition to certain sports among youthful prospects, but were unable to predict attainment of world-class status...
May 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491269/curve-appeal-exploring-individual-differences-in-preference-for-curved-versus-angular-objects
#10
Katherine N Cotter, Paul J Silvia, Marco Bertamini, Letizia Palumbo, Oshin Vartanian
A preference for smooth curvature, as opposed to angularity, is a well-established finding for lines, two-dimensional shapes, and complex objects, but little is known about individual differences. We used two-dimensional black-and-white shapes-randomly generated irregular polygons, and arrays of circles and hexagons-and measured many individual differences, including artistic expertise, personality, and cognitive style. As expected, people preferred curved over angular stimuli, and people's degree of curvature preference correlated across the two sets of shapes...
March 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488919/nuanced-aesthetic-emotions-emotion-differentiation-is-related-to-knowledge-of-the-arts-and-curiosity
#11
Kirill Fayn, Paul J Silvia, Yasemin Erbas, Niko Tiliopoulos, Peter Kuppens
The ability to distinguish between emotions is considered indicative of well-being, but does emotion differentiation (ED) in an aesthetic context also reflect deeper and more knowledgeable aesthetic experiences? Here we examine whether positive and negative ED in response to artistic stimuli reflects higher fluency in an aesthetic domain. Particularly, we test whether knowledge of the arts and curiosity are associated with more fine-grained positive and negative aesthetic experiences. A sample of 214 people rated their positive and negative feelings in response to various artworks including positive and negative themes...
May 10, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480690/cognitive-and-personality-factors-in-the-regular-practice-of-martial-arts
#12
Rosa A Fabio, Giulia E Towey
BACKGROUND: The effects of regular practice of martial arts is considered controversial and studies in this field limited their attention to singular psychological benefits. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the regular practice of martial arts and cognitive and personality factors, such as: attention, creativity and school performance, together with, self-esteem, self-efficacy and aggression. METHODS: The design consists in a factorial design with two independent variables (groups and age levels) and seven dependent variables (attention, creativity, intelligence, school performance, self-esteem, self-efficacy and aggression)...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479873/comparison-of-surface-dose-delivered-by-7%C3%A2-mv-unflattened-and-6%C3%A2-mv-flattened-photon-beams
#13
Ashokkumar Sigamani, Arunai Nambiraj
AIM: The purpose of this study is to determine the central-axis dose in the buildup region and the surface dose delivered by a 6 MV flattened photon beam (6 MV-FB) and a higher energy unflattened (7 MV-FFF) therapeutic photon beam for different-sized square fields with open fields and modifying filters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The beams are produced by a Siemens Artiste linear accelerator with a NACP-02 ionization chamber and the dose is measured by using GafChromic film and two different, commonly used, dosimeters: a p-type photon semiconductor dosimeter (PFD) and a cylindrical ionization chamber (CC13)...
May 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476632/the-fuzzy-image
#14
James Clarage
This article celebrates the variety of Don Caspar's research interests, with particular focus on those scientific investigations beyond the structural biology of viruses for which he is often associated. These lesser known, seemingly backwater projects, allow us to build up a portrait, in both word and image, of this prolific and creative scientist. Exploration of his ideas will reveal a close connection to other structural thinkers and artists throughout history, most notably the 17th century astronomer Johannes Kepler...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475130/universal-connection-through-art-role-of-mirror-neurons-in-art-production-and-reception
#15
REVIEW
Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak, François Boller, Julien Bogousslavsky
Art is defined as expression or application of human creative skill and imagination producing works to be appreciated primarily for their aesthetic value or emotional power. This definition encompasses two very important elements-the creation and reception of art-and by doing so it establishes a link, a dialogue between the artist and spectator. From the evolutionary biological perspective, activities need to have an immediate or remote effect on the population through improving survival, gene selection, and environmental adjustment, and this includes art...
May 5, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474866/the-effects-of-gymnastics-training-on-selected-parameters-of-anaerobic-capacity-in-12-year-old-boys
#16
Piotr Sawicki, Marcin Dornowski, Tomasz Grzywacz, Jan J Kaczor
BACKGROUND: One of the aims of the study was to describe the physiological factors of young boys participating in artistic gymnastic training and evaluate differences between the levels of aerobic and anaerobic efficiency in this group as compared to the control group. METHODS: The young male gymnasts selected to participate in the present study have been (G) participating in the training process since they were six years old (n=12, age 11-12 y). In the control group (n=12, age 11-12 y), boys were participating in physical education classes (C)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473342/prevalence-of-traumatic-findings-on-routine-mri-in-a-large-cohort-of-professional-fighters
#17
J K Lee, J Wu, S Banks, C Bernick, M G Massand, M T Modic, P Ruggieri, S E Jones
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies investigating MR imaging abnormalities among fighters have had small sample sizes. This investigation assessed a large number of fighters using the same conventional sequences on the same scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional 3T MR imaging was used to assess 499 fighters (boxers, mixed martial artists, and martial artists) and 62 controls for nonspecific WM changes, cerebral microhemorrhage, cavum septum pellucidum, and cavum vergae...
May 4, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462981/german-muslims-and-their-engagement-in-participatory-culture-reflections-on-civic-and-artistic-contributions-to-the-public-sphere
#18
Asmaa Soliman
This paper examines publics of young German Muslims. Case studies include the singer Huelya Kandemir, the theatre group Uma Lamo and the social network Zahnräder. By focusing on spiritual music publics, theatrical comedy publics and social publics, it tries a new approach to the way in which we understand minority public engagement. In addition to examining the concept of counterpublics, it utilizes the concept of participatory culture, which offers a relevant complement. The study argues that the publics of young German Muslims display multifaceted artistic and civic engagement, which can best be understood in terms of participation in cultural or civic productions and contribution to the wider German public...
April 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459689/color-orchestra-ordering-color-palettes-for-interpolation-and-prediction
#19
Huy Phan, Hongbo Fu, Antoni Chan
Color theme or color palette can deeply influence the quality and the feeling of a photograph or a graphical design. Although color palettes may come from different sources such as online crowd-sourcing, photographs and graphical designs, in this paper, we consider color palettes extracted from fine art collections, which we believe to be an abundant source of stylistic and unique color themes. We aim to capture color styles embedded in these collections by means of statistical models and to build practical applications upon these models...
April 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447236/the-history-of-an-unknown-dermatological-wax-collection-from-cluj-napoca-university-iuliu-hatieganu-romania
#20
Alexandru-Dumitru Tataru, Dan Tataru, Maria Grazia Roccia, Katlein França, Massimo Fioranelli, Torello Lotti
Among the dermatological wax collections across Europe, one of the latest created is the collection from Cluj-Napoca University, Romania. The initiator was Professor Coriolan Tataru and the moulage artist employed was Dr. Richard Hoffmann. Between the years 1923 and 1928, around 200 wax moulages were made, all realised after patients hospitalised in the clinic. The majority of cases represent the dermatological infectious pathology of that time: syphilis, cutaneous tuberculosis and mycetomas. Other interesting moulages represent genodermatoses, pelagra, different cutaneous cancers, and atypical aspects of common diseases like psoriasis and eczemas...
April 26, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
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