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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149477/pathfinders-in-oncology-from-the-beginning-of-the-19th-century-to-the-inauguration-of-the-first-cancer-hospital-in-the-united-states
#1
Steven I Hajdu
The fields of medicine and oncology made substantial progress between 1800 and 1885. The first half of this period was dominated by the spectacular progress in physiology, cytology, histology, histopathology, and diagnostic microscopy. In the second half of the period, advancements in surgical techniques, anesthesia, asepsis, and laboratory medicine, including bacteriology, chemistry, and biochemistry, led to the development of medical specialties, including surgical pathology and surgical oncology. Although wars, revolutions, and socioeconomic upheavals interrupted the daily life of the populace, distinguished artists, scientists, and physicians continued, against all odds, to advance their field of interest...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149278/interdisciplinary-stem-education-reform-dishing-out-art-in-a-microbiology-laboratory
#2
Sarah J Adkins, Rachel K Rock, J Jeffrey Morris
In the modern educational framework, life science and visual art are usually presented as mutually exclusive subjects. Despite this perceived disciplinary contrast, visual art has the ability to engage and provoke students in ways that can have important downstream effects on scientific discovery, especially when applied in a practical setting such as a laboratory course. This review broadly examines the benefit of interdisciplinary fusions of science and art as well as recent ways in which art strategies have been used in undergraduate biology classrooms...
November 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148028/blindness-and-visual-impairment-in-opera
#3
Pinar Aydin, Robert Ritch, John O'Dwyer
PURPOSE: The performing arts mirror the human condition. This study sought to analyze the reasons for inclusion of visually impaired characters in opera, the cause of the blindness or near blindness, and the dramatic purpose of the blindness in the storyline. METHODS: We reviewed operas from the 18th century to 2010 and included all characters with ocular problems. We classified the cause of each character's ocular problem (organic, nonorganic, and other) in relation to the thematic setting of the opera: biblical and mythical, blind beggars or blind musicians, historical (real or fictional characters), and contemporary or futuristic...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146099/art-the-visual-imagination-and-neuroscience-the%C3%A2-chauvet-cave-mona-lisa-s-smile-and-michelangelo-s-terribilit%C3%A3
#4
John Onians
This paper considers several types of imagination relevant to art historical enquiry. These are exemplified in artistic expressions ranging from palaeolithic paintings in the Chauvet Cave, to drawings, sculptures and buildings designed by Michelangelo and drawings and paintings by Leonardo, and are related to recent neuroscientific discoveries. From this it emerges that important types of imagination cannot be understood without an appreciation of the neural processes that underlie them and especially without an acknowledgement of the importance of neurochemistry...
October 23, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140783/blending-face-details-synthesizing-a-face-using-multiscale-face-models
#5
Seung-Hyun Yoon, John Lewis, Taehyun Rhee
Creating realistic 3D face models is a challenging problem in computer graphics because humans are so sensitive to facial abnormalities. The authors propose a method to synthesize a 3D face model using weighted blending of multiscale details from different face models. Using multiscale continuous displacement maps (CDMs), they achieve full correspondences across multiple scales in the parameter space. Their results demonstrate detail transfer across faces with highly different proportions, such as between humans and nonhuman creatures...
November 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140776/control-and-release-in-complex-relationships
#6
Gary Singh
Artist James Alan Smith is driven to involve himself in the creative process, whether through coding or visual art. The effect of his abstract and representation pieces is extraordinary and mysterious, and each encourages viewers to see the complex relationships between the various layers.
November 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137826/the-blindness-of-rosalba-carriera-an-artist-in-the-darkness
#7
A Valverde-Megías, A Megías-Fresno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136423/beyond-heart-symbolism-artistic-representation-of-narratives-of-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Giovanni Biglino, Sofie Layton, Jo Wray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136380/synchrotron-based-high-angle-resolution-and-high-lateral-resolution-x-ray-diffraction-reveals-lead-white-pigment-qualities-in-old-masters-paintings
#9
Victor Gonzalez, Gilles Wallez, Thomas Calligaro, Marine Cotte, Wout De Nolf, Myriam Eveno, Elisabeth Ravaud, Michel Menu
Micro-samples collected on 28 major paintings by Old European Masters dating from the Middle Ages to the late 19th c. were analyzed using Synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction. Two complementary analytical configurations were used at beamlines ID22 (high-angle resolution) and ID21 (high lateral resolution), in order to highlight markers of the different grades of the lead white pigments (mixture of cerussite PbCO3 and hydrocerussite Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2). Rietveld analysis and crystalline phases mapping at the micro-scale revealed the composition and microstructure of the pigments, shedding light on the preparation recipes and pigment choices of the artists through History...
November 14, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135273/-neuroscience-of-mental-flexibility
#10
Zoltán Janka
Mental flexibility enabling shifts from the usual prepotent behaviour to new strategies and solutions is a significant factor in the successful adaptation to the changing environment. Components of mental flexibility comprise attention, salience detection, inhibition, working memory and switch processes which can be measured by neurocognitive tests. Data derived from examinations by the methods of cognitive neuroscience can be compared to the features, observed under resting state and during task performance, of brain structures and functions...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130867/using-the-experience-sampling-method-to-examine-the-psychological-mechanisms-by-which-participatory-art-improves-wellbeing
#11
Nicola J Holt
AIMS: To measure the immediate impact of art-making in everyday life on diverse indices of wellbeing ('in the moment' and longer term) in order to improve understanding of the psychological mechanisms by which art may improve mental health. METHODS: Using the experience-sampling method, 41 artists were prompted (with a 'beep' on a handheld computer) at random intervals (10 times a day, for one week) to answer a short questionnaire. The questionnaire tracked art-making and enquired about mood, cognition and state of consciousness...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118692/statistical-image-properties-in-large-subsets-of-traditional-art-bad-art-and-abstract-art
#12
Christoph Redies, Anselm Brachmann
Several statistical image properties have been associated with large subsets of traditional visual artworks. Here, we investigate some of these properties in three categories of art that differ in artistic claim and prestige: (1) Traditional art of different cultural origin from established museums and art collections (oil paintings and graphic art of Western provenance, Islamic book illustration and Chinese paintings), (2) Bad Art from two museums that collect contemporary artworks of lesser importance (© Museum Of Bad Art [MOBA], Somerville, and Official Bad Art Museum of Art [OBAMA], Seattle), and (3) twentieth century abstract art of Western provenance from two prestigious museums (Tate Gallery and Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118333/global-mapping-of-stratigraphy-of-an-old-master-painting-using-sparsity-based-terahertz-reflectometry
#13
Junliang Dong, Alexandre Locquet, Marcello Melis, D S Citrin
The process by which art paintings are produced typically involves the successive applications of preparatory and paint layers to a canvas or other support; however, there is an absence of nondestructive modalities to provide a global mapping of the stratigraphy, information that is crucial for evaluation of its authenticity and attribution, for insights into historical or artist-specific techniques, as well as for conservation. We demonstrate sparsity-based terahertz reflectometry can be applied to extract a detailed 3D mapping of the layer structure of the 17th century easel painting Madonna in Preghiera by the workshop of Giovanni Battista Salvi da Sassoferrato, in which the structure of the canvas support, the ground, imprimatura, underpainting, pictorial, and varnish layers are identified quantitatively...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112056/effects-of-a-resistance-training-intervention-on-strength-power-and-performance-in-adolescent-dancers
#14
Rebecca A Dowse, Mike R McGuigan, Craig Harrison
Dowse, RA, McGuigan, MR, and Harrison, C. Effects of a resistance training intervention on strength, power, and performance in adolescent dancers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine whether a 9-week resistance training program could have a significant effect on maximum lower-body strength and power, dynamic balance, and dance performance in adolescent dancers. Twelve competitive adolescent female dancers trained in jazz, ballet, and contemporary were recruited from local dance schools and assigned to a resistance training group (dance experience 9...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109359/heat-stress-assessment-in-artistic-glass-units
#15
Francesca Romana d'AMBROSIO Alfano, Boris Igor Palella, Giuseppe Riccio, Massimo Bartalini, Fabio Strambi, Jacques Malchaire
Heat stress in glass industry is mainly studied in large and highly mechanized manufacturing Units. To the contrary, few studies were carried out in small factories specialized in hand-made products. To stress the need of combined objective and medical surveys in these environments, this paper deals with a simultaneous climatic and physiological investigation of working conditions in artistic crystal glass factories in Tuscany (Italy). The microclimatic monitoring, through a continuous survey has been carried out in early spring...
November 3, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098974/-learning-to-see-things-from-a-different-perspective-interns-and-residents-collaborate-with-artists-to-become-better-doctors
#16
J J Koksma, T van Woezik, S van den Bosch, C van den Bergh, L Geerling, J E Keunen
In 2016 and 2017, we started an innovative learning track in the Radboudumc that combines arts and medical education, and appraised the learning processes involved. The voluntary track was followed by 32 and 30 participants respectively, mostly interns and a few residents. The initiative built upon the ideas of several American educational developments which incorporated museum visits. We extended the format by having participants join artists in their studios, to allow students to have an immersive experience of a different discipline, rather than only observing its end products...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097009/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-self-reported-voice-problems-among-yakshagana-artists
#17
Usha Devadas, Manisha Hegde, Santosh Maruthy
BACKGROUND: Yakshagana /jakʃaga:na/ is a form of folk theater of India. It is a blend of music, acting, dance, costume, dialogue, and stage techniques with an exclusive style and form. Even though Yakshagana artists (singers and actors) are professional voice users, no reports are available in the literature regarding the prevalence of voice problems (VPs) in these performers. AIM: The current study investigated (a) the prevalence of self-reported VPs, (b) the different risk factors associated with the development of VPs, (c) the self-reported vocal health, and (d) the effect of VP on Yakshagana folk artists...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092863/artistic-take-on-the-war-on-drugs
#18
Alison Shepherd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091613/polarization-optics-of-the-brewster-s-dark-patch-visible-on-water-surfaces-versus-solar-height-and-sky-conditions-theory-computer-modeling-photography-and-painting
#19
Péter Takács, András Barta, David Pye, Gábor Horváth
When the sun is near the horizon, a circular band with approximately vertically polarized skylight is formed at 90° from the sun, and this skylight is only weakly reflected from the region of the water surface around the Brewster's angle (53° from the nadir). Thus, at low solar heights under a clear sky, an extended dark patch is visible on the water surface when one looks toward the north or south quarter perpendicular to the solar vertical. In this work, we study the radiance distribution of this so-called Brewster's dark patch (BDP) in still water as functions of the solar height and sky conditions...
October 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082543/using-a-digital-storytelling-assignment-to-teach-public-health-advocacy
#20
A B de Castro, Salem Levesque
The need and expectation for advocacy is central to public health nursing practice. Advocacy efforts that effectively call attention to population health threats and promote the well-being of communities rely on strategies that deliver influential messaging. The digital story is a lay method to capture meaningful, impactful stories that can be used to advocate for public health concerns. Readily available, user-friendly digital technologies allow engagement in digital media production to create digital stories...
October 29, 2017: Public Health Nursing
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