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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910760/immunomodulation-effect-of-aqueous-extract-of-the-artist-s-conk-medicinal-mushroom-ganoderma-applanatum-agaricomycetes-on-the-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#1
Azadeh Manayi, Mahdi Vazirian, Fereshteh Hassan Zade, Akram Tehranifard
It is well known that innate immunity in fish can be activated by many synthetic and natural immunos-timulants; several natural substances induced immunity in fish in previous surveys. This study discussed data regarding the effect of Ganoderma applanatum aqueous extract on the defense mechanisms of rainbow trout in feeding trials. Fish were fed 250, 500, and 1000 mg extract/kg diet 4 times daily. Growth, humoral parameters, lysozyme activity, and serum protein concentrations were assessed after a period of 45 days...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908974/effects-of-a-humor-therapy-program-on-stress-levels-in-pediatric-inpatients
#2
Julio C Sánchez, Luis F Echeverri, Manuel J Londoño, Sergio A Ochoa, Andrés F Quiroz, César R Romero, Joaquín O Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: Disease and hospitalization generate stress, which can affect the response to treatment. Humor has been used in many hospitals to decrease stress. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of a humor therapy program on stress levels in pediatric inpatients. METHODS: In the first phase, an intervention and a control group were studied over 2 consecutive 3-month periods; the interventions were performed by a team of artists trained in humor therapy...
December 1, 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906985/egypt-its-artists-intellectuals-and-neglected-tropical-diseases
#3
EDITORIAL
Peter J Hotez, Moustapha Kassem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890532/what-governs-successful-performance-of-a-complex-whole-body-movement-the-kovacs-release-regrasp-on-horizontal-bar
#4
Michael J Hiley, Maurice R Yeadon
The Kovacs is a release and regrasp skill performed on the horizontal bar in men׳s artistic gymnastics. It is a popular skill in elite competitive gymnastics with over 40% of male gymnasts performing a variation of the Kovacs at the London 2012 Olympics. In the qualifying competition 84% of Kovacs were successfully regrasped, with the remaining 16% resulting in a fall. The aim of the present study was to determine why some gymnasts are more successful than others at regrasping the bar, with a secondary aim to determine how a less successful gymnast could alter his technique in order to become more successful...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881913/effectiveness-of-the-vital-aging-program-to-promote-active-aging-in-mexican-older-adults
#5
Neyda Ma Mendoza-Ruvalcaba, Rocío Fernández-Ballesteros
INTRODUCTION: Aging is not only a population phenomenon but also an experience and an individual reality. Vital Aging(®) is a program that considers active aging as the lifelong adaptation process of maximizing health and independence, physical and cognitive functioning, positive affect regulation and control, and social engagement. Through its different versions and editions, it has demonstrated being an effective program to promote active aging. The aim of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the "face-to-face" and "combined" versions of the program to promote active aging in Mexican older adults trial...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875162/embedded-data-representations
#6
Wesley Willett, Yvonne Jansen, Pierre Dragicevic
We introduce embedded data representations, the use of visual and physical representations of data that are deeply integrated with the physical spaces, objects, and entities to which the data refers. Technologies like lightweight wireless displays, mixed reality hardware, and autonomous vehicles are making it increasingly easier to display data in-context. While researchers and artists have already begun to create embedded data representations, the benefits, trade-offs, and even the language necessary to describe and compare these approaches remain unexplored...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873287/non-invasive-and-non-destructive-examination-of-artistic-pigments-paints-and-paintings-by-means-of-x-ray-methods
#7
REVIEW
Koen Janssens, Geert Van der Snickt, Frederik Vanmeert, Stijn Legrand, Gert Nuyts, Matthias Alfeld, Letizia Monico, Willemien Anaf, Wout De Nolf, Marc Vermeulen, Jo Verbeeck, Karolien De Wael
Recent studies are concisely reviewed, in which X-ray beams of (sub)micrometre to millimetre dimensions have been used for non-destructive analysis and characterization of pigments, minute paint samples, and/or entire paintings from the seventeenth to the early twentieth century painters. The overview presented encompasses the use of laboratory and synchrotron radiation-based instrumentation and deals with the use of several variants of X-ray fluorescence (XRF) as a method of elemental analysis and imaging, as well as with the combined use of X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)...
December 2016: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859536/dual-character-concepts-in-social-cognition-commitments-and-the-normative-dimension-of-conceptual-representation
#8
Guillermo Del Pinal, Kevin Reuter
The concepts expressed by social role terms such as artist and scientist are unique in that they seem to allow two independent criteria for categorization, one of which is inherently normative (Knobe, Prasada, & Newman, 2013). This study presents and tests an account of the content and structure of the normative dimension of these "dual character concepts." Experiment 1 suggests that the normative dimension of a social role concept represents the commitment to fulfill the idealized basic function associated with the role...
November 17, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855424/arts-brain-and-cognition
#9
Vida Demarin, Marina Roje Bedeković, Marijana Bosnar Puretić, Marija Bošnjak Pašić
Art is a product of human creativity; it is a superior skill that can be learned by study, practice and observation. Modern neuroscience and neuroimaging enable study of the processes during artistic performance. Creative people have less marked hemispheric dominance. It was found that the right hemisphere is specialized for metaphoric thinking, playfulness, solution finding and synthesizing, it is the center of visualization, imagination and conceptualization, but the left hemisphere is still needed for artistic work to achieve balance...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849542/learning-inverse-rig-mappings-by-nonlinear-regression
#10
Daniel Holden, Jun Saito, Taku Komura
We present a framework to design inverse rig-functions - functions that map low level representations of a character's pose such as joint positions or surface geometry to the representation used by animators called the animation rig. Animators design scenes using an animation rig, a framework widely adopted in animation production which allows animators to design character poses and geometry via intuitive parameters and interfaces. Yet most state-of-the-art computer animation techniques control characters through raw, low level representations such as joint angles, joint positions, or vertex coordinates...
November 11, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846741/creating-an-inclusive-leisure-space-strategies-used-to-engage-children-with-and-without-disabilities-in-the-arts-mediated-program-spiral-garden
#11
Eric Smart, Brydne Edwards, Shauna Kingsnorth, Sarah Sheffe, C J Curran, Madhu Pinto, Shannon Crossman, Gillian King
PURPOSE: This article describes how service providers use a set of practical strategies to create an inclusive leisure space in Spiral Garden, an arts-mediated outdoor summer day program for children with and without disabilities. METHODS: This study was guided by an interpretive qualitative approach. Fourteen Spiral Garden service providers participated in semi-structured interviews. Nine had extensive experience with the program and had been present during key phases of program development spanning over a 26-year period and five were service providers during the summer of 2013...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834010/three-saints-with-deformed-extremities-in-an-italian-renaissance-altarpiece
#12
W R Albury, G M Weisz
A fifteenth-century Florentine altarpiece painted by the Pollaiuolo brothers, Antonio (1433-1498) and Piero (1443-1496), shows three saints with evident deformities of the hands and feet. The pathologies concerned are tentatively identified, and various rationales for their presence in the painting are discussed. Of particular importance is the location of the altarpiece in a chapel which houses the tomb of the Cardinal of Portugal, Prince James of Lusitania (1433-1459). It is argued that both the artistic style of the day and the religious symbolism of the Cardinal's funeral chapel contributed to the artists' decision to portray the saints with deformities...
November 11, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832455/stage-hands-make-up-artists-and-other-backstage-characters-in-the-drama-of-science
#13
Neeraja Sankaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831882/data-driven-npr-illustrations-of-natural-flows-in-chinese-painting
#14
Yu-Chi Lai, Bo-An Chen, Kuo-Wei Chen, Wei-Lin Si, Chih-Yuan Yao, Eugene Zhang
Introducing motion into existing static paintings is becoming a field that is gaining momentum. This effort facilitates keeping artworks current and translating them to different forms for diverse audiences. Chinese ink paintings and Japanese Sumies are well recognized in Western cultures, yet not easily practiced due to the years of training required. We are motivated to develop an interactive system for artists, non-artists, Asians, and non-Asians to enjoy the unique style of Chinese paintings. In this paper, our focus is on replacing static water flow scenes with animations...
October 31, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829800/confirming-the-identity-of-two-enigmatic-spiny-solanums-solanum-subgenus-leptostemonum-solanaceae-collected-by-jean-baptiste-leschenault-in-java
#15
Xavier Aubriot, Caroline Loup, Sandra Knapp
Taxonomic revision of the tropical Asian species of Solanum revealed two names, Solanum poka Dunal and Solanum graciliflorum Dunal, whose identities were uncertain and whose application has always been tentative. Material collected in Java at the beginning of the 19(th) century by Jean-Baptiste Leschenault de la Tour and used to describe these taxa has not been found, despite extensive searches in European herbaria. We here stabilise use of these names by comparing herbarium specimens and drawings of original material made by the artist Toussaint François Node-Véran...
2016: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814379/the-difference-between-aesthetic-appreciation-of-artistic-and-popular-music-evidence-from-an-fmri-study
#16
Ping Huang, Hanhua Huang, Qiuling Luo, Lei Mo
To test the hypothesis that pleasure from artistic music is intellectual while that from popular music is physiological, this study investigated the different functional mechanisms between aesthetic appreciation of artistic and popular music using fMRI. 18 male non-musicians were scanned while they performed an aesthetic rating task for excerpts of artistic music, popular music and musical notes playing and singing (control). The rating scores of artistic and popular music excerpts were both significantly higher than that of control materials while the scores of them were not different...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812339/aesthetic-preferences-for-eastern-and-western-traditional-visual-art-identity-matters
#17
Yan Bao, Taoxi Yang, Xiaoxiong Lin, Yuan Fang, Yi Wang, Ernst Pöppel, Quan Lei
Western and Chinese artists have different traditions in representing the world in their paintings. While Western artists start since the Renaissance to represent the world with a central perspective and focus on salient objects in a scene, Chinese artists concentrate on context information in their paintings, mainly before the mid-19th century. We investigated whether the different typical representations influence the aesthetic preference for traditional Chinese and Western paintings in the different cultural groups...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801448/characterization-and-utilization-of-prussian-blue-and-its-pigments
#18
Fernande Grandjean, Louise Samain, Gary J Long
This review deals with our long-range goal of determining why the Prussian blue pigments, typically either the "soluble" KFe(III)[Fe(II)(CN)6]·xH2O or the alternative "insoluble" Fe[Fe(II)(CN)6]3·xH2O compounds, used by artists from shortly after the discovery of Prussian blue in 1704 and well into the early twentieth century, often fade when exposed to light. In order to achieve this goal it was decided that first, for comparison purposes, we had to prepare and fully characterize Prussian blues prepared by various, often commercially successful, synthetic methods...
November 1, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799427/pigment-analysis-by-raman-microscopy-and-portable-x-ray-fluorescence-pxrf-of-thirteenth-to-fourteenth-century-illuminations-and-cuttings-from-bologna
#19
Tracey D Chaplin, Robin J H Clark, Richard Jones, Robert Gibbs
Non-destructive pigment analysis by Raman microscopy (RM) and portable X-ray fluorescence (pXRF) has been carried out on some Bolognese illuminations and cuttings chosen to represent the beginnings, evolution and height of Bolognese illuminated manuscript production. Dating to the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries and held in a private collection, the study provides evidence for the pigments generally used in this period. The results, which are compared with those obtained for other north Italian artwork, show the developments in usage of artistic materials and technique...
December 13, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799410/capturing-the-worlds-of-multiple-sclerosis-hannah-laycock-s-photography
#20
Stella Bolaki
This essay explores UK photographer Hannah Laycock's Awakenings and, to a lesser extent, Perceiving Identity that were created in 2015, following her diagnosis with multiple sclerosis (MS) in 2013. It draws on scholarship by people with chronic illness while situating these two MS projects in the context of Laycock's earlier art and portrait photography dealing with fragility, image and desire, and power relations between subject and observer. The analysis illustrates how her evocative photography captures the lived or subjective experience of an invisible and often misunderstood condition by initially focusing on the tension between transparency and opacity in her work...
October 31, 2016: Medical Humanities
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