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Habib Ali Molla, Rahul Bhowmick, Abu Saleh Musha Islam, Bibhutibhushan Show, Nillohit Mukherjee, Anup Mondal, Mahammad Ali
A novel highly sensitive and selective fluorescent chemosensor L has been synthesized and characterized by various physicochemical techniques. In 3 : 7 water : MeCN (v/v) at pH 7.2 (10 mM HEPES buffer, μ = 0.05 M LiCl), it selectively recognizes Fe3+ through 1 : 1 complexation resulting in a 106-fold fluorescence enhancement and a binding constant of 8.10 × 104 M-1. The otherwise non-fluorescent spirolactam form of the probe results a dual-channel (absorbance and fluorescence) recognition of Fe3+ via CHEF (chelation enhanced fluorescence) through the opening of the spirolactam ring...
March 22, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Mojtaba Abdi-Jalebi, Zahra Andaji-Garmaroudi, Stefania Cacovich, Camille Stavrakas, Bertrand Philippe, Johannes M Richter, Mejd Alsari, Edward P Booker, Eline M Hutter, Andrew J Pearson, Samuele Lilliu, Tom J Savenije, Håkan Rensmo, Giorgio Divitini, Caterina Ducati, Richard H Friend, Samuel D Stranks
Metal halide perovskites are of great interest for various high-performance optoelectronic applications. The ability to tune the perovskite bandgap continuously by modifying the chemical composition opens up applications for perovskites as coloured emitters, in building-integrated photovoltaics, and as components of tandem photovoltaics to increase the power conversion efficiency. Nevertheless, performance is limited by non-radiative losses, with luminescence yields in state-of-the-art perovskite solar cells still far from 100 per cent under standard solar illumination conditions...
March 21, 2018: Nature
Yu Wu, Baicheng Yao, Caibin Yu, Yunjiang Rao
Graphene has become a bridge across optoelectronics, mechanics, and bio-chemical sensing due to its unique photoelectric characteristics. Moreover, benefiting from its two-dimensional nature, this atomically thick film with full flexibility has been widely incorporated with optical waveguides such as fibers, realizing novel photonic devices including polarizers, lasers, and sensors. Among the graphene-based optical devices, sensor is one of the most important branch, especially for gas sensing, as rapid progress has been made in both sensing structures and devices in recent years...
March 22, 2018: Sensors
Yiting Yu, Wenli Li, Haoyong Li, Muyuan Li, Weizheng Yuan
Planar super-oscillation lenses (SOLs) can fulfill super-resolution focusing and nanoscopic imaging in the far field without the contribution of evanescent waves. Nevertheless, the existing deviations between the design and experimental results have been seldomly investigated, leaving the practical applications of SOLs unpredictable and uncontrollable. In this paper, some application-oriented issues are taken into consideration, such as the inevitable fabrication errors and the size effect of the designed SOLs, with the aim of providing an engineering reference to elaborately customize the demanded focusing light field...
March 22, 2018: Nanomaterials
Ana Luz Muñoz-Rosas, Arturo Rodríguez-Gómez, Juan Carlos Alonso-Huitrón
Nowadays, the use of plasmonic metal layers to improve the photonic emission characteristics of several semiconductor quantum dots is a booming tool. In this work, we report the use of silicon quantum dots (SiQDs) embedded in a silicon nitride thin film coupled with an ultra-thin gold film (AuNPs) to fabricate light emitting devices. We used the remote plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition technique (RPECVD) in order to grow two types of silicon nitride thin films. One with an almost stoichiometric composition, acting as non-radiative spacer; the other one, with a silicon excess in its chemical composition, which causes the formation of silicon quantum dots imbibed in the silicon nitride thin film...
March 22, 2018: Nanomaterials
Lu Xu, Gordon Bosiljevac, Kyle Yu, Yi Y Zuo
Langmuir monolayer self-assembled at the air-water interface represents an excellent model for studying phase transition and lipid polymorphism in two dimensions. Compared to numerous studies of phospholipid phase transitions induced by isothermal compression, there are very scarce reports on two-dimensional phase transitions induced by isobaric heating. This is mainly due to technical difficulties of continuously regulating temperature variations while maintaining a constant surface pressure in a classical Langmuir-type film balance...
March 22, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Wei Huang, Joyprokash Chakrabartty, Catalin Harnagea, Dawit Gedamu, Ibrahima Ka, Mohamed Chaker, Federico Rosei, Riad Nechache
Perovskite multiferroic oxides are promising materials for the realization of sensitive and switchable photodiodes, due to their favorable band gap (< 3.0 eV), high absorption coefficient and tunable internal ferroelectric polarization. A high speed switchable photodiode based on multiferroic Bi2FeCrO6 (BFCO)/SrRuO3 (SRO) layered heterojunction was fabricated by pulsed laser deposition. The heterojunction photodiode exhibits a large ideality factor (n = ~5.0) and a response time as fast as 68 ms, thanks to the effective charge carrier transport and collection at the BFCO/SRO interface...
March 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jasmin C Athas, Catherine P Nguyen, Shailaa Kummar, Srinivasa R Raghavan
The spontaneous folding of flat gel films into tubes is an interesting example of self-assembly. Typically, a rectangular film folds along its short axis when forming a tube; folding along the long axis has been seen only in rare instances when the film is constrained. Here, we report a case where the same free-swelling gel film folds along either its long or short axis depending on the concentration of a solute. Our gels are sandwiches (bilayers) of two layers: a passive layer of cross-linked N,N'-dimethylyacrylamide (DMAA) and an active layer of cross-linked DMAA that also contains chains of the biopolymer alginate...
March 22, 2018: Soft Matter
Guoxuan Qin, Yibo Zhang, Kuibo Lan, Lingxia Li, Jianguo Ma, Shihui Yu
A novel method of fabricating the flexible thin-film transistor based on single-crystalline Si nanomembrane (SiNM) with high-k Nb2O5-Bi2O3-MgO (BMN) ceramic gate dielectric on a plastic substrate is demonstrated in this paper. The SiNMs are successfully transferred to a flexible PET substrate, which has been plated indium-tin-oxide (ITO) conductive layer and high-k BMN ceramic gate dielectric layer by room-temperature magnetron sputtering. The BMN ceramic gate dielectric layer demonstrates as high as ~109 dielectric constant, with only dozens of pA current leakage...
March 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Pei-Ying Yeh, Hsiao-Ping Chen, Jing-Yi Wu
Simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantation is the primary surgical treatment for type I diabetes mellitus with end-stage renal disease. However, this transplant surgery has a high-risk of surgical complications, including duodenal anastomotic leakage, which may lead to pancreas transplantation failure if the leakage worsens. This case report describes a patient who suffered from duodenal anastomotic leakage after SPK transplantation. The digestive enzymes eroded the wound and skin around the wound, resulting in periwound moisture-associated dermatitis...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Pinar Kosekahya, Kadir Gokhan Atilgan, Cemile Ucgul Atilgan, Kemal Tekin, Mustafa Koc, Mehtap Caglayan, Deniz Ayli, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the corneal and tear film characteristics in patients with gout and compare these data with those of healthy subjects and to investigate the correlation of corneal densitometry with uric acid value and duration of disease. METHODS: Forty-one eyes of 41 patients with gout (group 1) and 40 eyes of 40 healthy subjects (group 2) were included in this study. Detailed ophthalmologic examinations were performed on all participants. Corneal tomographic analyses were performed with the Pentacam HR Scheimpflug imaging system (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany)...
March 21, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Benjamin Davis-Purcell, Pierre Soulard, Thomas Salez, Elie Raphaël, Kari Dalnoki-Veress
In this study, thin elastic films supported on a rigid substrate are brought into contact with a spherical glass indenter. Upon contact, adhesive fingers emerge at the periphery of the contact patch with a characteristic wavelength. Elastic films are also pre-strained along one axis before the initiation of contact, causing the fingering pattern to become anisotropic and align with the axis along which the strain was applied. This transition from isotropic to anisotropic patterning is characterized quantitatively and a simple model is developed to understand the origin of the anisotropy...
March 22, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Vahid Mahdavi, Seyed Ebrahim Hosseini, Anousheh Sharifan
In this study, the effect of chitosan film (CF) with different concentrations of anise essential oil AEO (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2%) on the quality of chicken burger during chilled storage (4 + 1°C) were examined over a period of 12 days. For this purpose, at the first, the physical and mechanical properties of the produced films were studied. Then, the chicken burger was covered with the produced films. Different treatment were analyzed by biochemical properties such as moisture and thiobarbituric acid, bacteriological properties such as total viable counts and total psychrotrophic counts, Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Staphylococcus aureus , and Escherichia coli ...
March 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Bum-Soo Kim, Myung-Sang Moon, Min Geun Yoon, Seong-Tae Kim, Sang-Jae Kim, Min-Su Kim, Dong Suk Kim
Background: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is characterized by ossification of the enthesis. The diagnosis has been mainly based on the chest or whole spine lateral plain film. Recently, chest or thoracolumbar computed tomography (CT) has been reported to be more reliable for the diagnosis of DISH. The purposes of this study were to investigate the prevalence and location of DISH and evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities, such as ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF), using whole spine CT...
March 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Norihiko Yokoi, Aoi Komuro, Chie Sotozono, Shigeru Kinoshita
Purpose: Surgical punctal occlusion is indispensable for the treatment of severe dry eye in cases where punctal-plug insertion is not applicable due to an enlarged or deformed punctum. However, permanent punctal occlusion is difficult in some cases. In our aim to establish a more reliable punctal occlusion, we have devised a new surgical approach for punctal occlusion. Patients and methods: This study involved 20 puncta of 12 eyes of 12 patients (1 male and 11 females; mean age: 65...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Thuraya Noaman Maher
INTRODUCTION: Blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction are chronic inflammatory conditions with overlapping pathophysiology and symptomatology. Both microbial infection and seborrhea contribute to the pathophysiology and both may benefit from treatment with tea tree oil (TTO). We evaluated the therapeutic effect of eyelids scrubbing with TTO in a group of patients with lid margin disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients were recruited. Half of them received lid scrubbing with a TTO formula (Naviblef™) and the other half was treated by massage and cleansing...
January 2018: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
N Kobayashi, K Ikeda, Bo Gu, S Takahashi, H Masumoto, S Maekawa
Magneto-optical Faraday effect is widely applied in optical devices and is indispensable for optical communications and advanced information technology. However, the bismuth garnet Bi-YIG is only the Faraday material since 1972. Here we introduce (Fe, FeCo)-(Al-,Y-fluoride) nanogranular films exhibiting giant Faraday effect, 40 times larger than Bi-YIG. These films have a nanocomposite structure, in which nanometer-sized Fe, FeCo ferromagnetic granules are dispersed in a Al,Y-fluoride matrix.
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shuai Wen, Yun Meng, Minghui Jiang, Yang Wang
Quickly switching among different states (levels) is crucial for reconfigurable metamaterials and devices. In this study, the dynamics of establishment and transformation of five amorphous or near-amorphous intermediate states with obvious optical contrasts on Ge2 Sb2 Te5 phase-change thin films driven by ultrashort laser pulses were investigated using real-time reflectivity measurements. The reversible coding-recoding among the five optical levels was realized by using single-shot picosecond laser pulses with designed fluences...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Sonia R Lakhotia, Mausumi Mukhopadhyay, Premlata Kumari
In this paper, a new approach to synthesize thin-film nanocomposite membranes using cerium oxide (CeO2 ) nanoparticles (NPs) by pre-seeding interfacial polymerization method was reported. Prepared membranes were examined using contact angle, molecular weight cut-off (MWCO), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning probe microscopy (SPM) to observe its hydrophilicity, pore size, morphology, surface chemistry, and roughness, respectively. Surface charges of the prepared membranes were also qualitatively calculated with the help of contact angle measurements by using the Grahame equation...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Mark Ilton, Thomas Salez, Paul D Fowler, Marco Rivetti, Mohammed Aly, Michael Benzaquen, Joshua D McGraw, Elie Raphaël, Kari Dalnoki-Veress, Oliver Bäumchen
Hydrodynamic slip, the motion of a liquid along a solid surface, represents a fundamental phenomenon in fluid dynamics that governs liquid transport at small scales. For polymeric liquids, de Gennes predicted that the Navier boundary condition together with polymer reptation implies extraordinarily large interfacial slip for entangled polymer melts on ideal surfaces; this Navier-de Gennes model was confirmed using dewetting experiments on ultra-smooth, low-energy substrates. Here, we use capillary leveling-surface tension driven flow of films with initially non-uniform thickness-of polymeric films on these same substrates...
March 21, 2018: Nature Communications
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