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Edward McCann, Sylvia Huntley-Moore
The research literature on the use of cinema in nurse education is relatively small. This study evaluates student nurses' learning experiences of a new undergraduate elective module called Madness in the Movies. Ethical approval was granted to conduct the study. Data were collected through an online survey and a social media discussion forum. The anonymous online survey responses were collated via Survey Monkey. Content analysis was conducted on the data from the Facebook discussion threads to understand, interpret and conceptualise the meanings from the data...
October 1, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Wayne M Getz, Colin Carlson, Eric Dougherty, Travis C Porco Francis, Richard Salter
The winter 2014-15 measles outbreak in the US represents a significant crisis in the emergence of a functionally extirpated pathogen. Conclusively linking this outbreak to decreases in the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccination rate (driven by anti-vaccine sentiment) is critical to motivating MMR vaccination. We used the NOVA modeling platform to build a stochastic, spatially-structured, individual-based SEIR model of outbreaks, under the assumption that R 0 ≈ 7 for measles. We show this implies that herd immunity requires vaccination coverage of greater than approximately 85%...
April 2016: Agent Dir Simul Symp
Mamta Parashar, Rashmi Agarwalla, Praveen Mallik, Shridhar Dwivedi, Bilkish Patvagekar, Rambha Pathak
INTRODUCTION: Workers represent half the world's population and are major contributors to economic and social development. Tobacco consumption in construction site workers has been considered a big challenge. OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the prevalence of nicotine dependence among tobacco users. (2) To study the correlates of nicotine dependence among the construction site workers. METHODOLOGY: A cross sectional study was conducted using a predesigned and pretested structured proforma...
September 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Houchun H Hu, Amber L Pokorney, Niccolo Stefani, Jonathan M Chia, Jeffrey H Miller
OBJECTIVE: We demonstrate the potential clinical utility of a 4D non-gadolinium dynamic angiography technique based on arterial spin-labeling called contrast inherent inflow enhanced multi-phase angiography (CINEMA) in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CINEMA was qualitatively compared to conventional time-of-flight (TOF) angiography in a cohort of 31 pediatric patients at 3 Tesla. RESULTS: CINEMA data were successfully acquired and reconstructed in all patients with no image artifacts...
September 13, 2016: Magma
J Antonio Aznar-Casanova, August Romeo, Aurora Torrents Gómez, Pedro Martin Enrile
PURPOSE: When observers focus their stereoscopic visual system for a long time (e.g., watching a 3D movie) they may experience visual discomfort or asthenopia. We tested two types of models for predicting visual fatigue in a task in which subjects were instructed to discriminate between 3D characters. One model was based on viewing distance (focal distance, vergence distance) and another in visual direction (oculomotor imbalance). METHOD: A 3D test was designed to assess binocular visual fatigue while looking at 3D stimuli located in different visual directions and viewed from two distances from the screen...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Optometry
D Węziak-Białowolska
OBJECTIVES: Although there is strong uptake of active or passive engagement with the cultural and creative activities as determinants of individual health, well-being and social participation, few population studies report any causal influence on self-reported and physical health or life satisfaction from voluntary engagement with the arts (playing an instrument or singing, painting, sculpture) or passive cultural participation (attending the cinema, theatre, opera and exhibitions). This study set out to investigate any potential derived benefits to the Swiss population...
October 2016: Public Health
Giuliana Schwendener, Sébastien Moret, Karen Cavanagh-Steer, Claude Roux
Impurities that are transferred to a crime scene or a body can have a significant negative impact on the investigation if the existence of the contamination is not known, and the source of the contamination is not identified. Forensic consumables, such as DNA swabs, have been known to have caused contaminations, wrongfully linking crimes throughout Europe. In that context, this study focused on body bags, widely used to transfer a corpse from the crime scene to the morgue. Our preliminary survey showed that several countries and Australian Jurisdictions are conducting the sampling of trace evidence at the morgue after the transportation of the body...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
M Doh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Tahir Turk, Pankaj Chaturvedi, Nandita Murukutla, Vaishakhi Mallik, Praveen Sinha, Sandra Mullin
The evidence on the efficacy of tobacco control messages in low and middle-income country (LMIC) settings is limited but growing. Low message salience and disengagement, in the face of tobacco control messages, are possible barriers to self-efficacy and cessation-related behaviours of tobacco users. Although adaptations of existing pretested graphic and emotional appeals have been found to impact on behaviours, more personalised, culturally relevant and compelling appeals may more fully engage message receivers to elicit optimal behavioural responses...
July 18, 2016: Tobacco Control
Simone Sulpizio, Francesco Vespignani, Remo Job
The goal of the present research was to study the time course of lexical stress encoding in a free-stress language with unpredictable stress. To this aim we measured event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during lexical priming. Participants named pictures bearing either the dominant or non-dominant stress pattern, and preceded by either a congruent or an incongruent word prime (e.g., CInema-FRAgola'cinema-strawberry' vs. benZIna-FRAgola'petrol-strawberry'). Behavioral results show that participants were slower in naming targets that had the same stress pattern as the prime, and were also faster in producing words with the dominant stress pattern in the language...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
Marek H Dominiczak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical Chemistry
Jesse Olszynko-Gryn
Despite much excellent work over the years, the vast history of scientific filmmaking is still largely unknown. Historians of science have long been concerned with visual culture, communication and the public sphere on the one hand, and with expertise, knowledge production and experimental practice on the other. Scientists, we know, drew pictures, took photographs and made three-dimensional models. Rather like models, films could not be printed in journals until the digital era, and this limited their usefulness as evidence...
June 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
Oluwakemi Ololade Odukoya, Jacob Obi Chife, Kofoworola A Odeyemi, Genevieve I Nwangwu
BACKGROUND: The increasing awareness of the health risks associated with tobacco use has led many countries to enact tobacco control legislation to protect citizens from the harmful effects of tobacco use. Young people are important stakeholders in many aspects of tobacco control legislation. OBJECTIVE: This study.aims to assess the awareness of existing tobacco control laws among young people, their attitudes towards these laws and the factors associated with youth awareness and support for tobacco control legislation in Nigeria...
July 2015: Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine
Vivek Nityananda, Geoffrey Bissianna, Ghaith Tarawneh, Jenny Read
Stereo or '3D' vision is an important but costly process seen in several evolutionarily distinct lineages including primates, birds and insects. Many selective advantages could have led to the evolution of stereo vision, including range finding, camouflage breaking and estimation of object size. In this paper, we investigate the possibility that stereo vision enables praying mantises to estimate the size of prey by using a combination of disparity cues and angular size cues. We used a recently developed insect 3D cinema paradigm to present mantises with virtual prey having differing disparity and angular size cues...
June 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Hasan Huseyin Arslan, Asif Ahmadov, Suleyman Cebeci, Murat Binar, Serdar Karahatay
Diseases in head and neck cancer patients and applied therapies according to former affect life quality to a higher extent. In this paper, life priorities in 49 patients with head and neck cancer who referred to Gulhane Military Medical Academy for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes and the relationship between these priorities and sociodemographic properties have been studied. Following life priorities have been observed more important for the patients: to communicate with people in social places, to eat without any help by themselves, external appearance, taste and odor sense, continuing sexual life...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Madhusudan Singh Solanki, Girish Banwari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Eelco F M Wijdicks
In "Dark Victory," released in theaters in 1939, the diagnosis and management of a progressive brain tumor was a central part of the screenplay, and this film marked the beginnings of the depiction of neurologic disease in cinema. Bette Davis' cinematic portrayal of a young woman dying from a brain tumor is close to the reality of denial, bargaining, a hope for a cure, and final acceptance. "Dark Victory" includes part of a neurologic examination (funduscopy, testing of strength, testing of stereognosis, and tendon reflexes)...
April 12, 2016: Neurology
Jonathan Williams, Christof Stönner, Jörg Wicker, Nicolas Krauter, Bettina Derstroff, Efstratios Bourtsoukidis, Thomas Klüpfel, Stefan Kramer
Human beings continuously emit chemicals into the air by breath and through the skin. In order to determine whether these emissions vary predictably in response to audiovisual stimuli, we have continuously monitored carbon dioxide and over one hundred volatile organic compounds in a cinema. It was found that many airborne chemicals in cinema air varied distinctively and reproducibly with time for a particular film, even in different screenings to different audiences. Application of scene labels and advanced data mining methods revealed that specific film events, namely "suspense" or "comedy" caused audiences to change their emission of specific chemicals...
2016: Scientific Reports
Nguyen Ngoc Bich, Margaret Cook, Kelly Johnstone, Mike Capra, Vu Thi Hoang Lan
BACKGROUND: In 2013, legislation in Vietnam regulated smoking in public areas. Included was a ban on indoor smoking at universities. OBJECTIVE: Since awareness and attitude are moderators of the effectiveness of smokefree policy, ou aim was to assess changes in students' knowledge and attitude tosecond hand smoke (SHS) and awareness and support of smoke-free legislation at four Vietnamese universities, one year after legislative changes. METHODS: A two-phase cross sectional study of undergraduate students using self-administered questionnaires (based on the Global Adult Tobacco Survey and the Thrasher survey) was conducted at the introduction of the legislation and one year thereafter...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Mark Braschinsky, Aire Raidvee, Liis Sabre, Nadezhda Zmachinskaja, Olga Zukovskaja, Anti Karask, Bruno Saar, Aleksei Rakitin
BACKGROUND: A possible link between 3D movies and headache (HA) has never been a target of specific and systematic investigations. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between 3D cinema and HA and to evaluate possible risk factors of developing HA during or after watching a 3D movie. METHODS: This was a prospective, non-randomized, observational study. Six thousand specifically designed questionnaires were distributed to consecutive cinema visitors...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
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