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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627329/passages-on-brazilian-scientific-cinema
#1
Jane de Almeida, Cicero Inacio da Silva, Alfredo Suppia, Brett Stalbaum
The article examines the conditions of production and recognition of scientific cinema in Brazil by comparing three distinct moments and contexts: the first moment takes place in the nineteenth century, and it is related to the contribution of a Brazilian astronomer otherwise little known to Brazilian film scholars, the second addresses Benedito Junqueira Duarte's voluminous mid-twentieth-century filmography, and the third moment documents recent scientific film experiences within ultra high resolution movies transmitted over photonic networks...
July 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585249/closure-of-the-vertebral-canal-in-human-embryos-and-fetuses
#2
Hayelom K Mekonen, Jill P J M Hikspoors, Greet Mommen, Nutmethee Kruepunga, S Eleonore Köhler, Wouter H Lamers
The vertebral column is the paradigm of the metameric architecture of the vertebrate body. Because the number of somites is a convenient parameter to stage early human embryos, we explored whether the closure of the vertebral canal could be used similarly for staging embryos between 7 and 10 weeks of development. Human embryos (5-10 weeks of development) were visualized using Amira 3D(®) reconstruction and Cinema 4D(®) remodelling software. Vertebral bodies were identifiable as loose mesenchymal structures between the dense mesenchymal intervertebral discs up to 6 weeks and then differentiated into cartilaginous structures in the 7th week...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551867/dialogical-exchange-class-using-movies-for-mutual-understanding-between-a-korean-and-a-japanese-university
#3
Sunah Oh
This study analyzes a process through which university students in Japan and South Korea come to understand the culture of the other country by exchanging comments on a documentary movie "ANNYON SAYONARA (Hello and Goodbye)" which relates to the Asia-Pacific War and Korean colonial rule by Japan. The approach to understand other cultures through movies is called the "Round Table Cinema Method" and is a method whereby individuals with different cultural backgrounds talk about the same movie to discuss "gaps," "sense of incongruity," and "internal conflicts" that arise...
May 27, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551540/bisphenol-a-alternatives-in-thermal-paper-from-the-netherlands-spain-sweden-and-norway-screening-and-potential-toxicity
#4
Maria K Björnsdotter, Willem Jonker, Jessica Legradi, Jeroen Kool, Ana Ballesteros-Gómez
Thermal paper contains potentially toxic additives, such as bisphenol A (BPA), as a common color developer. Because of its known endocrine disrupting effects, structural analogues to BPA, such as bisphenol S (BPS), D-8 and Pergafast 201, have been used as alternatives, but little is known about the presence and toxicological effects of alternatives other than BPS. In this study, thermal paper is screened by direct probe ambient mass spectrometry (rapid pre-screening method not requiring sample preparation) and by liquid chromatography (LC) with high resolution time-of flight (TOF-MS) mass spectrometry...
May 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545074/influence-of-distance-between-residence-and-health-facilities-on-non-communicable-diseases-an-assessment-over-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-bangladesh
#5
Raaj Kishore Biswas, Enamul Kabir
OBJECTIVE: This paper reflected on the prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in Bangladesh, which is spreading rapidly in low-income countries. The rationale of constructing more health centers for addressing NCDs was assessed in this paper by determining the relationship between prevalence of NCDs, particularly hypertension and diabetes, and distance to health facilities. METHODS: From BDHS (Bangladesh Health and Demographic Survey) 2011 data set, 7544 samples were analyzed to demonstrate association between Non-communicable diseases (NCD) and distance from respondents' home to health facilities like hospitals, community clinics, pharmacies or doctors' chambers, and community facilities like market, post office or cinema hall...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360803/exposure-of-students-to-emotional-and-physical-violence-in-the-school-environment
#6
Şahbal Aras, Sema Özan, Sevgi Timbil, Semih Şemin, Oya Kasapçi
INTRODUCTION: While peer abuse or physical violence in school is emphasized more, the physical and emotional violence caused by school staff has been emphasized less. The purpose of this study was to investigate the variables related to emotional and physical violence that students are exposed to in the school environment. METHODS: This cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted by applying a questionnaire to 434 fifth-grade students receiving education in the primary schools in Konak district of Izmir province...
December 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263033/bridging-views-in-cinema-a-review-of-the-art-and-science-of-view-integration
#7
REVIEW
Daniel T Levin, Lewis J Baker
Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the relationship between film and cognitive science. This is reflected in a new science of cinema that can help us both to understand this art form, and to produce new insights about cognition and perception. In this review, we begin by describing how the initial development of cinema involved close observation of audience response. This allowed filmmakers to develop an informal theory of visual cognition that helped them to isolate and creatively recombine fundamental elements of visual experience...
March 6, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229474/residents-engagement-in-everyday-activities-and-its-association-with-thriving-in-nursing-homes-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sabine Björk, Marie Lindkvist, Anders Wimo, Christina Juthberg, Ådel Bergland, David Edvardsson
AIM: To describe the prevalence of everyday activity engagement for older people in nursing homes and the extent to which engagement in everyday activities is associated with thriving. BACKGROUND: Research into residents' engagement in everyday activities in nursing homes has focused primarily on associations with quality of life and prevention and management of neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, the mere absence of symptoms do not necessarily guarantee experiences of well-being...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215752/sex-after-60-you-ve-got-to-be-joking-senior-sexuality-in-comedy-film
#9
Margaret Gatling, Jane Mills, David Lindsay
Representations of the sexuality of older people have been largely absent in mainstream films until recent times. Cinema as an art form has historically denied or ignored the fact that humans are sexual beings their whole lives. In this paper critical discourse analysis is used to examine four comedy films released between 1993 and 2012 that tackle the subject of 'senior sexuality'. All four films are explicit in representing older people as sexual beings but, unlike films about young people's sexual activity, the details of sexual encounters are left to viewers' imaginations...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186888/gamut-extension-for-cinema
#10
Syed Waqas Zamir, Javier Vazquez-Corral, Marcelo Bertalmio
Emerging display technologies are able to produce images with a much wider color gamut than those of conventional distribution gamuts for cinema and TV, creating an opportunity for the development of gamut extension algorithms (GEAs) that exploit the full color potential of these new systems. In this paper we present a novel GEA, implemented as a PDE-based optimization procedure related to visual perception models, that performs gamut extension by taking into account the analysis of distortions in hue, chroma and saturation...
February 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113555/extrafoveal-video-extension-for-an-immersive-viewing-experience
#11
Laura Turban, Fabrice Urban, Philippe Guillotel
Between the recent popularity of virtual reality (VR) and the development of 3D, immersion has become an integral part of entertainment concepts. Head-mounted Display (HMD) devices are often used to afford users a feeling of immersion in the environment. Another technique is to project additional material surrounding the viewer, as is achieved using cave systems. As a continuation of this technique, it could be interesting to extend surrounding projection to current television or cinema screens. The idea would be to entirely fill the viewer's field of vision, thus providing them with a more complete feeling of being in the scene and part of the story...
February 11, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906362/2-sup-16-sup-shades-of-gray-high-bit-depth-projection-using-light-intensity-control
#12
Jen-Hao Rick Chang, B V K Vijaya Kumar, Aswin C Sankaranarayanan
Projectors create grayscale images by outputting a series of bitplanes or binary images within a short time period. While this technique works well for projecting low bit-depth (8-bit) images, it becomes infeasible for high bit-depth (say, 16-bit) projection - a capability that is increasingly desirable in many applications including cinemas and gaming. Existing designs for high bit-depth projection rely on multiple spatial light modulators and, as a consequence, their costs and complexities are usually far beyond the average consumer...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897306/-multiple-sclerosis-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#13
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo, R Cano-de-la-Cuerda
INTRODUCTION: Today, the care of patients with multiple sclerosis and those around them represents a clinical and therapeutic challenge for healthcare professionals. The aim of this study is to analyse the appearance of multiple sclerosis in literature, cinema and television, and to reflect upon the image it has in these media. DEVELOPMENT: Several representative works that have addressed multiple sclerosis were reviewed, and many of them were seen to offer a very true-to-life vision of the disease...
December 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896390/-assisted-suicide-in-the-movies-what-is-not-shown
#14
Kurt W Schmidt
Whereas changes to the existing legal situation regarding assisted suicide have been a topic of controversial debate in Germany for the last few years, this issue has long been of interest for international film-makers. Since the mid-1980s, the theme of assisted suicide has repeatedly been taken up by cinema, predominantly as central to a relationship drama. A sick person asks somebody close to them for help. Often this somebody is a physician or a nurse, ultimately an obvious way of solving the practical problem of how the assistant is to gain access to a lethal substance...
January 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861857/mainstream-body-character-breach-films-and-subjectivization
#15
Sandra Meiri, Odeya Kohen-Raz
The authors analyze a unique cinematic corpus - 'body-character breach films' (one character, initially played by a certain actor, occupies the body of another character) - demonstrating Lacan's notion of traversing the fantasy, both on the level of the films' diegesis and that of spectatorship. Breaching the alliance between actors and their characters perturbs the viewer's fantasy of wholeness enabled by this very alliance. Consequently, a change in subject/spectatorial position in relation to the lack in the Other is induced, enhanced through the visualization of various scenarios of unconscious fantasies (mostly incest)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819405/-santiago-ramon-y-cajal-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#16
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo
INTRODUCTION: The life and work of Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been portrayed in scientific papers, biographical and autobiographical works, comics, films, television series or documentaries that have attempted to reflect upon his life or his contributions to science and to bring him closer to the general public. AIMS: To analyse the different ways Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been represented in literature, cinema and television, and to become more closely acquainted with this scientist through his fictional writings...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783392/graphic-depictions-portrayals-of-mental-illness-in-video-games
#17
Samuel Shapiro, Merrill Rotter
Although studies have examined portrayals of mental illness in the mass media, little attention has been paid to such portrayals in video games. In this descriptive study, the fifty highest-selling video games in each year from 2011 to 2013 were surveyed through application of search terms to the Wikia search engine, with subsequent review of relevant footage on YouTube. Depiction categories were then assigned based on the extent of portrayal and qualitative characteristics compared against mental illness stereotypes in cinema...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716595/madness-in-the-movies-an-evaluation-of-the-use-of-cinema-to-explore-mental-health-issues-in-nurse-education
#18
Edward McCann, Sylvia Huntley-Moore
The research literature on the use of cinema in nurse education is relatively small. This study evaluates student nurses' learning experiences of a new undergraduate elective module called Madness in the Movies. Ethical approval was granted to conduct the study. Data were collected through an online survey and a social media discussion forum. The anonymous online survey responses were collated via Survey Monkey. Content analysis was conducted on the data from the Facebook discussion threads to understand, interpret and conceptualise the meanings from the data...
November 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668297/an-agent-based-model-of-school-closing-in-under-vacccinated-communities-during-measles-outbreaks
#19
Wayne M Getz, Colin Carlson, Eric Dougherty, Travis C Porco Francis, Richard Salter
The winter 2014-15 measles outbreak in the US represents a significant crisis in the emergence of a functionally extirpated pathogen. Conclusively linking this outbreak to decreases in the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccination rate (driven by anti-vaccine sentiment) is critical to motivating MMR vaccination. We used the NOVA modeling platform to build a stochastic, spatially-structured, individual-based SEIR model of outbreaks, under the assumption that R0 ≈ 7 for measles. We show this implies that herd immunity requires vaccination coverage of greater than approximately 85%...
April 2016: Agent-Directed Simulation Symposium (ADS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625442/prevalence-and-correlates-of-nicotine-dependence-among-construction-site-workers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-delhi
#20
Mamta Parashar, Rashmi Agarwalla, Praveen Mallik, Shridhar Dwivedi, Bilkish Patvagekar, Rambha Pathak
INTRODUCTION: Workers represent half the world's population and are major contributors to economic and social development. Tobacco consumption in construction site workers has been considered a big challenge. OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the prevalence of nicotine dependence among tobacco users. (2) To study the correlates of nicotine dependence among the construction site workers. METHODOLOGY: A cross sectional study was conducted using a predesigned and pretested structured proforma...
September 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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