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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906362/2-sup-16-sup-shades-of-gray-high-bit-depth-projection-using-light-intensity-control
#1
Jen-Hao Rick Chang, B V K Vijaya Kumar, Aswin C Sankaranarayanan
Projectors create grayscale images by outputting a series of bitplanes or binary images within a short time period. While this technique works well for projecting low bit-depth (8-bit) images, it becomes infeasible for high bit-depth (say, 16-bit) projection - a capability that is increasingly desirable in many applications including cinemas and gaming. Existing designs for high bit-depth projection rely on multiple spatial light modulators and, as a consequence, their costs and complexities are usually far beyond the average consumer...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897306/-multiple-sclerosis-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#2
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo, R Cano-de-la-Cuerda
INTRODUCTION: Today, the care of patients with multiple sclerosis and those around them represents a clinical and therapeutic challenge for healthcare professionals. The aim of this study is to analyse the appearance of multiple sclerosis in literature, cinema and television, and to reflect upon the image it has in these media. DEVELOPMENT: Several representative works that have addressed multiple sclerosis were reviewed, and many of them were seen to offer a very true-to-life vision of the disease...
December 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896390/-assisted-suicide-in-the-movies-what-is-not-shown
#3
Kurt W Schmidt
Whereas changes to the existing legal situation regarding assisted suicide have been a topic of controversial debate in Germany for the last few years, this issue has long been of interest for international film-makers. Since the mid-1980s, the theme of assisted suicide has repeatedly been taken up by cinema, predominantly as central to a relationship drama. A sick person asks somebody close to them for help. Often this somebody is a physician or a nurse, ultimately an obvious way of solving the practical problem of how the assistant is to gain access to a lethal substance...
November 28, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861857/mainstream-body-character-breach-films-and-subjectivization
#4
Sandra Meiri, Odeya Kohen-Raz
The authors analyze a unique cinematic corpus - 'body-character breach films' (one character, initially played by a certain actor, occupies the body of another character) - demonstrating Lacan's notion of traversing the fantasy, both on the level of the films' diegesis and that of spectatorship. Breaching the alliance between actors and their characters perturbs the viewer's fantasy of wholeness enabled by this very alliance. Consequently, a change in subject/spectatorial position in relation to the lack in the Other is induced, enhanced through the visualization of various scenarios of unconscious fantasies (mostly incest)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819405/-santiago-ramon-y-cajal-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#5
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo
INTRODUCTION: The life and work of Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been portrayed in scientific papers, biographical and autobiographical works, comics, films, television series or documentaries that have attempted to reflect upon his life or his contributions to science and to bring him closer to the general public. AIMS: To analyse the different ways Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been represented in literature, cinema and television, and to become more closely acquainted with this scientist through his fictional writings...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783392/graphic-depictions-portrayals-of-mental-illness-in-video-games
#6
Samuel Shapiro, Merrill Rotter
Although studies have examined portrayals of mental illness in the mass media, little attention has been paid to such portrayals in video games. In this descriptive study, the fifty highest-selling video games in each year from 2011 to 2013 were surveyed through application of search terms to the Wikia search engine, with subsequent review of relevant footage on YouTube. Depiction categories were then assigned based on the extent of portrayal and qualitative characteristics compared against mental illness stereotypes in cinema...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716595/madness-in-the-movies-an-evaluation-of-the-use-of-cinema-to-explore-mental-health-issues-in-nurse-education
#7
Edward McCann, Sylvia Huntley-Moore
The research literature on the use of cinema in nurse education is relatively small. This study evaluates student nurses' learning experiences of a new undergraduate elective module called Madness in the Movies. Ethical approval was granted to conduct the study. Data were collected through an online survey and a social media discussion forum. The anonymous online survey responses were collated via Survey Monkey. Content analysis was conducted on the data from the Facebook discussion threads to understand, interpret and conceptualise the meanings from the data...
November 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668297/an-agent-based-model-of-school-closing-in-under-vacccinated-communities-during-measles-outbreaks
#8
Wayne M Getz, Colin Carlson, Eric Dougherty, Travis C Porco Francis, Richard Salter
The winter 2014-15 measles outbreak in the US represents a significant crisis in the emergence of a functionally extirpated pathogen. Conclusively linking this outbreak to decreases in the measles/mumps/rubella (MMR) vaccination rate (driven by anti-vaccine sentiment) is critical to motivating MMR vaccination. We used the NOVA modeling platform to build a stochastic, spatially-structured, individual-based SEIR model of outbreaks, under the assumption that R 0 ≈ 7 for measles. We show this implies that herd immunity requires vaccination coverage of greater than approximately 85%...
April 2016: Agent-Directed Simulation Symposium (ADS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625442/prevalence-and-correlates-of-nicotine-dependence-among-construction-site-workers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-delhi
#9
Mamta Parashar, Rashmi Agarwalla, Praveen Mallik, Shridhar Dwivedi, Bilkish Patvagekar, Rambha Pathak
INTRODUCTION: Workers represent half the world's population and are major contributors to economic and social development. Tobacco consumption in construction site workers has been considered a big challenge. OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the prevalence of nicotine dependence among tobacco users. (2) To study the correlates of nicotine dependence among the construction site workers. METHODOLOGY: A cross sectional study was conducted using a predesigned and pretested structured proforma...
September 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624474/non-gadolinium-dynamic-angiography-of-the-neurovasculature-using-arterial-spin-labeling-mri-preliminary-experience-in-children
#10
Houchun H Hu, Amber L Pokorney, Niccolo Stefani, Jonathan M Chia, Jeffrey H Miller
OBJECTIVE: We demonstrate the potential clinical utility of a 4D non-gadolinium dynamic angiography technique based on arterial spin-labeling called contrast inherent inflow enhanced multi-phase angiography (CINEMA) in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CINEMA was qualitatively compared to conventional time-of-flight (TOF) angiography in a cohort of 31 pediatric patients at 3 Tesla. RESULTS: CINEMA data were successfully acquired and reconstructed in all patients with no image artifacts...
September 13, 2016: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544414/visual-fatigue-while-watching-3d-stimuli-from-different-positions
#11
J Antonio Aznar-Casanova, August Romeo, Aurora Torrents Gómez, Pedro Martin Enrile
PURPOSE: When observers focus their stereoscopic visual system for a long time (e.g., watching a 3D movie) they may experience visual discomfort or asthenopia. We tested two types of models for predicting visual fatigue in a task in which subjects were instructed to discriminate between 3D characters. One model was based on viewing distance (focal distance, vergence distance) and another in visual direction (oculomotor imbalance). METHOD: A 3D test was designed to assess binocular visual fatigue while looking at 3D stimuli located in different visual directions and viewed from two distances from the screen...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491889/attendance-of-cultural-events-and-involvement-with-the-arts-impact-evaluation-on-health-and-well-being-from-a-swiss-household-panel-survey
#12
D Węziak-Białowolska
OBJECTIVES: Although there is strong uptake of active or passive engagement with the cultural and creative activities as determinants of individual health, well-being and social participation, few population studies report any causal influence on self-reported and physical health or life satisfaction from voluntary engagement with the arts (playing an instrument or singing, painting, sculpture) or passive cultural participation (attending the cinema, theatre, opera and exhibitions). This study set out to investigate any potential derived benefits to the Swiss population...
October 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484248/can-contamination-occur-in-body-bags-the-example-of-background-fibres-in-body-bags-used-in-australia
#13
Giuliana Schwendener, Sébastien Moret, Karen Cavanagh-Steer, Claude Roux
Impurities that are transferred to a crime scene or a body can have a significant negative impact on the investigation if the existence of the contamination is not known, and the source of the contamination is not identified. Forensic consumables, such as DNA swabs, have been known to have caused contaminations, wrongfully linking crimes throughout Europe. In that context, this study focused on body bags, widely used to transfer a corpse from the crime scene to the morgue. Our preliminary survey showed that several countries and Australian Jurisdictions are conducting the sampling of trace evidence at the morgue after the transportation of the body...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27447456/-films-for-and-about-old-age-cinema-discovers-the-mature-audience
#14
M Doh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432914/raw-and-real-an-innovative-communication-approach-to-smokeless-tobacco-control-messaging-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Tahir Turk, Pankaj Chaturvedi, Nandita Murukutla, Vaishakhi Mallik, Praveen Sinha, Sandra Mullin
The evidence on the efficacy of tobacco control messages in low and middle-income country (LMIC) settings is limited but growing. Low message salience and disengagement, in the face of tobacco control messages, are possible barriers to self-efficacy and cessation-related behaviours of tobacco users. Although adaptations of existing pretested graphic and emotional appeals have been found to impact on behaviours, more personalised, culturally relevant and compelling appeals may more fully engage message receivers to elicit optimal behavioural responses...
July 18, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423519/on-the-time-course-of-lexical-stress-priming-in-speech-production-behavioral-and-erps-evidence-from-a-free-stress-language
#16
Simone Sulpizio, Francesco Vespignani, Remo Job
The goal of the present research was to study the time course of lexical stress encoding in a free-stress language with unpredictable stress. To this aim we measured event-related brain potentials (ERPs) during lexical priming. Participants named pictures bearing either the dominant or non-dominant stress pattern, and preceded by either a congruent or an incongruent word prime (e.g., CInema-FRAgola'cinema-strawberry' vs. benZIna-FRAgola'petrol-strawberry'). Behavioral results show that participants were slower in naming targets that had the same stress pattern as the prime, and were also faster in producing words with the dominant stress pattern in the language...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354577/cinema-its-surreptitious-service-to-science
#17
Marek H Dominiczak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353946/film-lessons-early-cinema-for-historians-of-science
#18
Jesse Olszynko-Gryn
Despite much excellent work over the years, the vast history of scientific filmmaking is still largely unknown. Historians of science have long been concerned with visual culture, communication and the public sphere on the one hand, and with expertise, knowledge production and experimental practice on the other. Scientists, we know, drew pictures, took photographs and made three-dimensional models. Rather like models, films could not be printed in journals until the digital era, and this limited their usefulness as evidence...
June 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295813/young-peoples-awareness-and-support-for-tobacco-control-legislation-a-study-among-in-school-youth-in-lagos-nigeria
#19
Oluwakemi Ololade Odukoya, Jacob Obi Chife, Kofoworola A Odeyemi, Genevieve I Nwangwu
BACKGROUND: The increasing awareness of the health risks associated with tobacco use has led many countries to enact tobacco control legislation to protect citizens from the harmful effects of tobacco use. Young people are important stakeholders in many aspects of tobacco control legislation. OBJECTIVE: This study.aims to assess the awareness of existing tobacco control laws among young people, their attitudes towards these laws and the factors associated with youth awareness and support for tobacco control legislation in Nigeria...
July 2015: Nigerian Quarterly Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269605/small-or-far-away-size-and-distance-perception-in-the-praying-mantis
#20
Vivek Nityananda, Geoffrey Bissianna, Ghaith Tarawneh, Jenny Read
Stereo or '3D' vision is an important but costly process seen in several evolutionarily distinct lineages including primates, birds and insects. Many selective advantages could have led to the evolution of stereo vision, including range finding, camouflage breaking and estimation of object size. In this paper, we investigate the possibility that stereo vision enables praying mantises to estimate the size of prey by using a combination of disparity cues and angular size cues. We used a recently developed insect 3D cinema paradigm to present mantises with virtual prey having differing disparity and angular size cues...
June 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
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