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Pregnancy tobacco " weight gain"

Vijay Kishanrao Domple, Mohan K Doibale, Abhilasha Nair, Pinkesh S Rajput
BACKGROUND: To assess the maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight (LBW) neonates at a tertiary hospital, Nanded, Maharashtra. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Nanded city of Maharashtra between January 2014 and July 2014 among 160 cases (LBW-birth weight ≤2499 g) and 160 controls (normal birth weight-birth weight >2499. Data collection was done by using predesigned questionnaire and also related health documents were checked and collected the expected information during the interview after obtaining informed consent from mothers...
January 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Michele D Levine, Yu Cheng, Marsha D Marcus, Melissa A Kalarchian, Rebecca L Emery
IMPORTANCE: Most women who quit smoking during pregnancy will relapse postpartum. Previous efforts to prevent postpartum relapse have been unsuccessful at increasing rates of sustained abstinence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative efficacy of 2 different approaches to prevent postpartum smoking relapse. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women who recently had quit smoking were recruited before the end of pregnancy. Intervention sessions were conducted through a combination of telephone calls and in-person visits beginning at delivery and continuing through 24 weeks postpartum...
April 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
Jennifer A Woo Baidal, Lindsey M Locks, Erika R Cheng, Tiffany L Blake-Lamb, Meghan E Perkins, Elsie M Taveras
CONTEXT: Mounting evidence suggests that the origins of childhood obesity and related disparities can be found as early as the "first 1,000 days"-the period from conception to age 2 years. The main goal of this study is to systematically review existing evidence for modifiable childhood obesity risk factors present from conception to age 2 years. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for studies published between January 1, 1980, and December 12, 2014, of childhood obesity risk factors present during the first 1,000 days...
June 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sabrina Luke, Russell S Kirby, Lauri Wright
The effects of postpartum weight retention on gestational weight gain in successive pregnancies require elucidation. The purpose of the study was (1) to examine the association between postpartum weight retention and subsequent adherence to the Institute of Medicine gestational weight gain guidelines and (2) to determine whether the association varies by body mass index status and affects birth outcomes. Florida vital records for 2005-2010 were analyzed using χ tests and multivariable Poisson regression, adjusted for interpregnancy interval, tobacco use, maternal age, and race/ethnicity...
February 9, 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Omar F Khabour, Karem H Alzoubi, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Alan Shihadeh, Thomas Eissenberg
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, waterpipe tobacco smoking has been increasing in popularity all over the world. In this study, we explored effects of waterpipe smoking on pregnancy outcomes in rats. METHODS: Animals were exposed to waterpipe tobacco smoking using a whole body exposure system 2 hours per day during pregnancy. A control group was exposed to fresh air only. RESULTS: The results showed significant association between exposure to waterpipe smoke during pregnancy and low birth weight (P < ...
May 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Jamie Ann Elchert, Margaret E Beaudrot, Emily A DeFranco
INTRODUCTION: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a significant contributor to neonatal mortality and morbidity, failure to grow, slow cognitive development, and chronic diseases in adulthood. Young maternal age is a risk factor for FGR. This study examines the contribution of adolescent pregnancy and gestational weight gain to FGR risk. METHODS: This was a population-based cohort of Ohio births (2006-2012), N=1,034,552. Analyses were limited to primiparous women with singleton, nonanomalous live births and data on body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight (kg)/[height (m)]) and gestational weight gain (n=346,635)...
May 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Margaret E Beaudrot, Emily A DeFranco, Jamie Ann Elchert
OBJECTIVE: Excessive gestational weight gain and obesity are risk factors for macrosomia, birth trauma, and other perinatal complications. This study aims to investigate the contribution of gestational weight gain and body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight (kg)/[height (m)]) on large for gestational age (LGA) and macrosomia in adolescent compared with adult pregnancies. METHODS: Population-based cohort study, all live births in Ohio (2006-2012). Analyses limited to 346,635 singleton live births in primiparous women with available data on BMI and gestational weight gain...
May 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Lucia L Kaiser, Christina G Campbell
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that women of childbearing age should adopt a lifestyle optimizing health and reducing risk of birth defects, suboptimal fetal development, and chronic health problems in both mother and child.Components leading to healthy pregnancy outcome include healthy pre-pregnancy weight, appropriate weight gain and physical activity during pregnancy, consumption of a wide variety of foods, appropriate vitamin and mineral supplementation, avoidance of alcohol and other harmful substances, and safe food handling...
September 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Jill C Diesel, Lisa M Bodnar, Nancy L Day, Cynthia A Larkby
The objective of this study was to estimate whether maternal history of childhood maltreatment was associated with pre-pregnancy obesity or excessive gestational weight gain. Pregnant women (n = 472) reported pre-pregnancy weight and height and gestational weight gain and were followed up to 16 years post-partum when they reported maltreatment on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). CTQ score ranged from no maltreatment (25) to severe maltreatment (125). Prenatal mental health modified the association between CTQ score and maternal weight (P < 0...
July 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Roya Kelishadi, Parinaz Poursafa
This article is a comprehensive review on developmental origins of health and disease regarding various factors related to the origins of cardiovascular diseases from early life. It presents a summary of the impacts of various factors such as epigenetics; gene-environment interaction; ethnic predisposition to cardiovascular diseases and their underlying risk factors; prenatal factors; fetal programming; maternal weight status and weight gain during pregnancy; type of feeding during infancy; growth pattern during childhood; obesity; stunting; socioeconomic status; dietary and physical activity habits; active, secondhand, and thirdhand smoking, as well as environmental factors including air pollution and global climate change on the development and progress of cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors...
March 2014: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Philip P Cavicchia, Jihong Liu, Swann A Adams, Susan E Steck, James R Hussey, Virginie G Daguisé, James R Hebert
Objective was to estimate race-specific proportions of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) attributable to overweight and obesity in South Carolina. South Carolina birth certificate and hospital discharge data were obtained from 2004 to 2006. Women who did not have type 2 diabetes mellitus before pregnancy were classified with GDM if a diagnosis was reported in at least one data source. Relative risks (RR) and 95 % confidence intervals were calculated using the log-binomial model. The modified Mokdad equation was used to calculate population attributable fractions for overweight body mass index (BMI: 25...
October 2014: Maternal and Child Health Journal
B Barquiel, L Herranz, C Grande, I Castro-Dufourny, M Llaro, P Parra, M A Burgos, L F Pallardo
AIM: The aim of this study was to measure the capacity of glucose- and weight-related parameters to predict pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders in women with gestational diabetes. METHODS: An observational study was conducted involving 2037 women with gestational diabetes. The associations of glycaemic and weight-related parameters with pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders were obtained by univariate and adjusted multivariate analyses. Also, model predictability and attributable predictor risk percentages were calculated, and collinearity and factor interactions examined...
June 2014: Diabetes & Metabolism
Arthur M Baker, Sina Haeri
PURPOSE: Our aim was to estimate the perinatal risk factors associated with spontaneous preterm birth in the teenage parturient. METHODS: In a cohort study of all nulliparous teen (≤18-year old) deliveries over a 4-year period at one institution, we identified all cases of spontaneous preterm birth as defined by non-indicated delivery prior to 37 weeks of gestation. Analysis was performed using Fisher's exact, Student t test and logistic regression modeling. RESULTS: Of the 650 included teen deliveries, 88 (14 %) cases of spontaneous preterm birth were identified...
June 2014: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Andre P Oliveira, Saurabh Kalra, Gita Wahi, Sarah McDonald, Dipika Desai, Julie Wilson, Laurie Jacobs, Sharon Smoke, Phyllis Hill, Kristi Hill, Sujane Kandasamy, Katherine Morrison, Koon Teo, Ruby Miller, Sonia S Anand
OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize maternal health profiles and birth outcomes among First Nations people living in Southern Ontario. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all 453 women from the Six Nations Reserve, Ontario, who were pregnant between 2005 and 2010. Maternal health behaviours, past medical history, physical measurements, birth outcomes, and newborn characteristics were abstracted. Key maternal and newborn characteristics were compared with those of a cohort of non-First Nations women recruited from nearby Hamilton, Ontario...
October 2013: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Laura Ortiz, Brooke Nakamura, Xia Li, Bruce Blumberg, Ulrike Luderer
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), are ubiquitous environmental pollutants found in tobacco smoke, air pollution, and grilled foods. Reactive metabolites and reactive oxygen species generated during PAH metabolism are detoxified by reactions involving glutathione (GSH). Early life exposures to tobacco smoke and air pollution have been linked to increased risk of obesity and metabolic syndrome. We investigated the independent and interactive effects of prenatal exposure to BaP and GSH deficiency due to deletion of the modifier subunit of glutamate cysteine ligase (Gclm), the rate-limiting enzyme in GSH synthesis, on adiposity and hepatic steatosis in adult female F1 offspring...
November 25, 2013: Toxicology Letters
Gail R Goldberg, Landing M A Jarjou, Tim J Cole, Ann Prentice
BACKGROUND: Dietary calcium intake in rural Gambian women is very low (∼350 mg/d) compared with international recommendations. Studies have suggested that calcium supplementation of women receiving low-calcium diets significantly reduces risk of pregnancy hypertension. OBJECTIVE: We tested the effects on blood pressure (BP) of calcium carbonate supplementation (1500 mg Ca/d) in pregnant, rural Gambian women. DESIGN: The study was a randomized, double-blind, parallel, placebo-controlled supplementation trial from 20 wk of gestation (P20) until delivery (calcium: n = 330; placebo; n = 332)...
October 2013: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Mary T Pawlak, Bryan T Alvarez, David M Jones, Dennis C Lezotte
Minority women are gaining more weight than recommended during pregnancy. This study aimed to determine the risk of excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) in Hispanic and Black women compared to non-Hispanic women in Colorado. A retrospective cohort study of all birth records from 2007 to 2010 in Colorado was conducted. The primary outcome was GWG, and the exposure was race/ethnicity. Covariates were marital status, education, intensity of prenatal care, age, parity, tobacco use, alcohol use and years in the US...
April 2015: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Lorene Temming, Albert Franco, Niki Istwan, Debbie Rhea, Cheryl Desch, Gary Stanziano, Saju Joy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Outcomes were compared for primigravidas with a current singleton gestation enrolled at <20 weeks' gestation in a maternity risk screening and education program (n = 81 486). Patient-reported maternal characteristics and pregnancy outcomes were compared for women with and without NVP and within the NVP group for those with and without poor weight gain...
January 2014: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Iris Hinneburg
The right choices in eating when pregnant may influence the health of mother and child in the short and long term. Recent recommendations emphasize the intake of folic acid and iodide. The reader also obtains advice about the extent of weight gain, avoidance of alcohol and tobacco smoke and how to prevent food-borne infections.
February 2013: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
Deborah B Ehrenthal, Kristin Maiden, Ashwani Rao, David W West, Samuel S Gidding, Louis Bartoshesky, Ben Carterette, Judith Ross, Donna Strobino
OBJECTIVE: To examine the independent contribution of risk factors developing during pregnancy to subsequent risk of obesity in young children. METHODS: We conducted a historical cohort study using data from electronic medical records of mothers and their 3,302 singleton offspring born between 2004 and 2007 at a community-based obstetric facility who attended a 4-year well visit at a pediatric practice network. The child's body mass index (BMI) z score at age 4 years was studied in relation to the mother's gestational weight gain, gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational hypertension or preeclampsia, and prenatal tobacco use...
January 2013: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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