keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Inhibitions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110506/antibiotic-discovery-throughout-the-small-world-initiative-a-molecular-strategy-to-identify-biosynthetic-gene-clusters-involved-in-antagonistic-activity
#1
Elizabeth Davis, Tyler Sloan, Krista Aurelius, Angela Barbour, Elijah Bodey, Brigette Clark, Celeste Dennis, Rachel Drown, Megan Fleming, Allison Humbert, Elizabeth Glasgo, Trent Kerns, Kelly Lingro, MacKenzie McMillin, Aaron Meyer, Breanna Pope, April Stalevicz, Brittney Steffen, Austin Steindl, Carolyn Williams, Carmen Wimberley, Robert Zenas, Kristen Butela, Hans Wildschutte
The emergence of bacterial pathogens resistant to all known antibiotics is a global health crisis. Adding to this problem is that major pharmaceutical companies have shifted away from antibiotic discovery due to low profitability. As a result, the pipeline of new antibiotics is essentially dry and many bacteria now resist the effects of most commonly used drugs. To address this global health concern, citizen science through the Small World Initiative (SWI) was formed in 2012. As part of SWI, students isolate bacteria from their local environments, characterize the strains, and assay for antibiotic production...
January 22, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110484/upregulation-of-20-hete-synthetic-cytochrome-p450-isoforms-by-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-in-cortical-neurons
#2
Hui Zhang, John R Falck, Richard J Roman, David R Harder, Raymond C Koehler, Zeng-Jin Yang
20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a potent vasoconstrictor, is a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4A/4F-derived metabolite of arachidonic acid. Inhibition of 20-HETE synthesis protects brain from ischemic injury. However, that protection is not associated with changes in cerebral blood flow. The present study examined whether CYP4A isoforms are expressed in neurons, whether they produce 20-HETE in neurons, and whether neuronally derived 20-HETE exerts direct neurotoxicity after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)...
January 21, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110479/epigallocatechin-3-o-gallate-modulates-global-microrna-expression-in-interleukin-1%C3%AE-stimulated-human-osteoarthritis-chondrocytes-potential-role-of-egcg-on-negative-co-regulation-of-microrna-140-3p-and-adamts5
#3
Zafar Rasheed, Naila Rasheed, Osama Al-Shaya
PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs involved in almost all cellular processes. Epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) is a green tea polyphenol and is known to exert anti-arthritic effects by inhibiting genes associated with osteoarthritis (OA). This study was undertaken to investigate the global effect of EGCG on interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-induced expression of miRNAs in human chondrocytes. METHODS: Human chondrocytes were derived from OA cartilage and then treated with EGCG and IL-1β...
January 21, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110472/surgical-denervation-of-specific-cutaneous-nerves-impedes-excisional-wound-healing-of-small-animal-ear-pinnae
#4
Bhagwat V Alapure, Yan Lu, Hongying Peng, Song Hong
Damage to cutaneous nerves inhibits wound healing in patients. Results from animals on the nerve contributions to healing are various and sometimes contradictory. Here, we aim to clearly define the collective role of central, caudal, and rostral nerves in ear wound healing of mice, rats, and rabbits. These wounds heal with minimal contraction like wounds in humans. We resected central, caudal, and rostral nerves at the base of ear pinnae by microsurgery and created excisional full-thickness skin wounds in the pinnae neurologically downstream from the resections...
January 21, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110458/experimental-evaluation-of-new-chitin-chitosan-graft-for-duraplasty
#5
M Pogorielov, A Kravtsova, G C Reilly, V Deineka, G Tetteh, O Kalinkevich, O Pogorielova, R Moskalenko, G Tkach
Natural materials such as collagen and alginate have promising applications as dural graft substitutes. These materials are able to restore the dural defect and create optimal conditions for the development of connective tissue at the site of injury. A promising material for biomedical applications is chitosan-a linear polysaccharide obtained by the deacetylation of chitin. It has been found to be nontoxic, biodegradable, biofunctional and biocompatible in addition to having antimicrobial characteristics. In this study we designed new chitin-chitosan substitutes for dura mater closure and evaluated their effectiveness and safety...
February 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110457/reduced-proliferation-and-colony-formation-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-hnscc-after-dual-targeting-of-egfr-and-hedgehog-pathways
#6
Hannes Liebig, Georg Günther, Marlen Kolb, Christian Mozet, Andreas Boehm, Andreas Dietz, Gunnar Wichmann
PURPOSE: The hedgehog signalling pathway (Hh) is frequently active in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Overexpressed Hh associates with poor prognosis. The Hh inhibitor vismodegib targets smoothened, and based on molecular data, may prevent resistance to EGFR targeting. METHODS: To elucidate potential roles of vismodegib in HNSCC therapy, its sole effects and those combined with cisplatin, docetaxel, and cetuximab on HNSCC cell lines were assessed by MTT metabolisation and BrdU incorporation...
January 21, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110429/in-vitro-effects-of-caffeic-acid-nortriptyline-precocene-i-and-quercetin-against-rhipicephalus-annulatus-acari-ixodidae
#7
Reghu Ravindran, Nayikottummal Devadas Chithra, Pattanur Edathil Deepa, Karapparambu Gopalan Ajithkumar, Leena Chandrasekhar, Kanapadinchareveetil Sreelekha, Suresh Narayanan Nair, Sanis Juliet, Srikanta Ghosh
In the present study, the acaricidal effects of caffeic acid, nortriptyline, precocene I and quercetin against Rhipicephalus annulatus (syn. Boophilus annulatus) Say (Acari: Ixodidae) were evaluated. Adult immersion technique (24 ticks immersed for 2 min in one dilution of the compound) was used for the assessment of the effects of caffeic acid (0.39-100 mg/mL), nortriptyline (0.625-50 mg/L), precocene I (0.004488-5 mg/mL) and quercetin (6.25-100 mg/mL) against R. annulatus. Adult tick mortality, reproductive index, inhibition of fecundity and hatching were calculated...
January 21, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110404/microrna-150-targets-elk1-and-modulates-the-apoptosis-induced-by-ox-ldl-in-endothelial-cells
#8
Bing Qin, Yaqing Shu, Li Xiao, Tingting Lu, Yinyao Lin, Huan Yang, Zhengqi Lu
Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease, is the major cause of life-threatening complications such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Endothelial cells (ECs) apoptosis plays a vital role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Although a subset of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as critical regulators of atherosclerosis, studies on their participation in endothelial apoptosis in atherosclerosis have been limited. In the current study, we show that miRNA-150 (miR-150) expression was substantially up-regulated during the oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced apoptosis in human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
January 21, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110396/application-of-%C3%AE-glucuronidase-gusa-as-an-effective-reporter-for-extremely-acidophilic-acidithiobacillus-ferrooxidans
#9
Huiyan Wang, Liangyan Fang, Qing Wen, Jianqun Lin, Xiangmei Liu
Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is a model organism for investigating metal sulfide bioleaching. The regulatory mechanism of gene expression by metabolizing various substrates is critical for understanding its role in bioleaching processes. However, no reporter has been successfully employed to study gene expression in A. ferrooxidans to date. In this study, a sensitive and robust reporter system based on β-glucuronidase (GusA) was described for feasible application in A. ferrooxidans. A set of vectors, which contained the transcriptional and translational fusions of gusA, were constructed and employed to analyze promoter activity and efficiency of translation initiation in A...
January 21, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110389/a-novel-lectin-from-artocarpus-lingnanensis-induces-proliferation-and-th1-th2-cytokine-secretion-through-cd45-signaling-pathway-in-human-t-lymphocytes
#10
Bo Cui, Lu Li, Qiyan Zeng, Faquan Lin, Lijun Yin, Liejun Liao, Min Huang, Jingping Wang
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins and have been used for purification and characterization of glycoproteins. In this study, a novel 58.9-kDa tetrameric lectin from Artocarpus lingnanensis seeds was purified, characterized, and its mitogenic potential was evaluated. The hemagglutination inhibition assay indicated that Artocarpus lingnanensis lectin (ALL) showed specificity toward galactose. ALL was effectively purified in a single-step using affinity chromatography on a galactose-Sepharose column. ALL showed pH optima between 5...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110287/aspirin-to-inhibit-sepsis-antisepsis-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#11
Damon P Eisen, Elizabeth M Moore, Karin Leder, Jessica Lockery, Emma S McBryde, John J McNeil, David Pilcher, Rory Wolfe, Robyn L Woods
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a leading global cause of morbidity and mortality, and is more common at the extremes of age. Moreover, the cost of in-hospital care for elderly patients with sepsis is significant. There are indications from experimental and observational studies that aspirin may reduce inflammation associated with infection. This paper describes the rationale and design of the AspiriN To Inhibit SEPSIS (ANTISEPSIS) trial, a substudy of ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE)...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110264/novel-phyto-derivative-brm270-inhibits-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-proliferation-by-inducing-g2-m-phase-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-xenograft-mice-model
#12
Raj Kumar Mongre, Neelesh Sharma, Simrinder Singh Sodhi, Mrinmoy Ghosh, Amit Kumar Singh, Nameun Kim, Yang Ho Park, Young Gyu Shin, Sung Jin Kim, Zhang Jiao Jiao, Do Luong Huynh, Dong Kee Jeong
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major threat to human health worldwide and development of novel antineoplastic drug is demanding task. BRM270 is a proprietary combination of traditional medicinal herbs, has been shown to be effective against a wide range of stem-like cancer initiating cells (SLCICs). However, the underlying mechanism and antitumor efficacy of BRM270 in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells have not been well elucidated till date. Here we studied the tumoricidal effect of BRM270 on human-CD133(+) expressing stem-like HepG-2 and SNU-398 cells...
January 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110250/detection-and-discrimination-of-maintenance-and-de-novo-cpg-methylation-events-using-methylbreak
#13
William Hsu, Augustus T Mercado, George Hsiao, Jui-Ming Yeh, Chung-Yung Chen
Understanding the principles governing the establishment and maintenance activities of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) can help in the development of predictive biomarkers associated with genetic disorders and diseases. A detection system was developed that distinguishes and quantifies methylation events using methylation-sensitive endonucleases and molecular beacon technology. MethylBreak (MB) is a 22-mer oligonucleotide with one hemimethylated and two unmethylated CpG sites, which are also recognition sites for Sau96I and SacII, and is attached to a fluorophore and a quencher...
January 14, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110248/regulation-of-human-norovirus-vpg-nucleotidylylation-by-propol-and-nucleoside-triphosphate-binding-by-its-amino-terminal-sequence-in-vitro
#14
Alexei Medvedev, Prasanth Viswanathan, Jared May, Brent Korba
The VPg protein of human Norovirus (hNoV) is a multi-functional protein essential for virus replication. The un-cleaved viral precursor protein, ProPol (NS5-6) was 100-fold more efficient in catalyzing VPg nucleotidylylation than the mature polymerase (Pol, NS6), suggesting a specific intracellular role for ProPol. Sequential and single-point alanine substitutions revealed that several positively charged amino acids in the N-terminal region of VPg regulate its nucleotidylylation by ProPol. We provide evidence that VPg directly binds NTPs, inhibition of binding inhibits nucleotidylylation, and NTP binding appears to involve the first 13 amino acids of the protein...
January 19, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110220/hypoxia-inducing-factor-hif-1%C3%AE-derived-peptide-capable-of-inducing-cancer-reactive-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes-from-hla-a24-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma
#15
Takafumi Minami, Naoki Matsumura, Koichi Sugimoto, Nobutaka Shimizu, Marco De Velasco, Masahiro Nozawa, Kazuhiro Yoshimura, Nanae Harashima, Mamoru Harada, Hirotsugu Uemura
Hypoxic tumor microenvironment makes cancer cells to be therapy-resistant and hypoxia-inducing factors (HIFs) play a central role in hypoxic adaptation. Especially, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is often associated with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene mutations, leading to up-regulation of HIFs. However, from a different point of view, this suggests the possibility that HIFs could be promising targets in anti-cancer therapy. In this study, we searched for HIF-1α-derived peptides that are able to induce RCC-reactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) from HLA-A24(+) RCC patients...
January 19, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110215/neuroprotective-action-of-n-acetyl-serotonin-in-oxidative-stress-induced-apoptosis-through-the-activation-of-both-trkb-creb-bdnf-pathway-and-akt-nrf2-antioxidant-enzyme-in-neuronal-cells
#16
Jae-Myung Yoo, Bo Dam Lee, Dai-Eun Sok, Jin Yuel Ma, Mee Ree Kim
N-acetyl serotonin (NAS) as a melatonin precursor has neuroprotective actions. Nonetheless, it is not clarified how NAS protects neuronal cells against oxidative stress. Recently, we have reported that N-palmitoyl serotonins possessed properties of antioxidants and neuroprotection. Based on those, we hypothesized that NAS, a N-acyl serotonin, may have similar actions in oxidative stress-induced neuronal cells, and examined the effects of NAS based on in vitro and in vivo tests. NAS dose-dependently inhibited oxidative stress-induced cell death in HT-22 cells...
January 6, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110206/an-epstein-barr-virus-susceptible-immature-t-cell-line-will4-established-from-a-patient-with-t-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-bearing-cd21-and-a-clonal-ebv-genome
#17
Hiroki Hosoi, Ken-Ichi Imadome, Shinobu Tamura, Kodai Kuriyama, Shogo Murata, Yusuke Yamashita, Toshiki Mushino, Takehiro Oiwa, Hiroshi Kobata, Akinori Nishikawa, Hideki Nakakuma, Nobuyoshi Hanaoka, Yasushi Isobe, Kouichi Ohshima, Takashi Sonoki
We managed a patient with an Epstein-Barr virus-associated T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. Mediastinal tumor cells at initial admission were positive for CD4, CD8, and TdT. Interestingly, a lymph node at necropsy was compatible for a CD4-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma without CD8 and TdT expression, suggesting a different phenotype from the mediastinal tumor. Tumor cells in pleural effusion continued to proliferate in in vitro and were designated as WILL4. WILL4 cells were positive for CD3, CD4, CD8, CD21, T-cell receptor (TcR) αβ, and TdT, indicating a similar phenotype to thymocytes...
January 15, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110194/the-cardioprotective-effect-of-total-flavonoids-on-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats
#18
Dongling Lv, Xiaohu Cheng, Lingyi Tang, Meng Jiang
The flowers of Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medic is a traditional Chinese medicine used for the treatment of ischemic diseases. The present study is to investigate whether total flavones (TA) of extracted from Abelmoschus manihot L. Medic has the potential cardioprotective effect on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) damage in rats. The index of myocardial injury, inflammatory biomarkers and NLRP3-related parameters were measured, respectively. The results demonstrated that compared to I/R group, TA reduced myocardial infarction area, declined serum creatinine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, attenuated serum interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1β and tumour necrosis factor (TNF-α) production...
January 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110187/insecticidal-activities-of-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-against-a-dipteran-parasite-of-sheep-lucilia-cuprina
#19
Neil H Bagnall, Barney M Hines, Andrew J Lucke, Praveer K Gupta, Robert C Reid, David P Fairlie, Andrew C Kotze
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) are being investigated for the control of various human parasites. Here we investigate their potential as insecticides for the control of a major ecto-parasite of sheep, the Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina. We assessed the ability of HDACi from various chemical classes to inhibit the development of blowfly larvae in vitro, and to inhibit HDAC activity in nuclear protein extracts prepared from blowfly eggs. The HDACi prodrug romidepsin, a cyclic depsipeptide that forms a thiolate, was the most potent inhibitor of larval growth, with equivalent or greater potency than three commercial blowfly insecticides...
January 10, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110161/citrate-and-albumin-facilitate-transferrin-iron-loading-in-the-presence-of-phosphate
#20
Catalina Matias, Devin W Belnap, Michael T Smith, Michael G Stewart, Isaac F Torres, Andrew J Gross, Richard K Watt
Labile plasma iron (LPI) is redox active, exchangeable iron that catalyzes the formation of reactive oxygen species. Serum transferrin binds iron in a non-exchangeable form and delivers iron to cells. In several inflammatory diseases serum LPI increases but the reason LPI forms is unknown. This work evaluates possible pathways leading to LPI and examines potential mediators of apo transferrin iron loading to prevent LPI. Previously phosphate was shown to inhibit iron loading into apo transferrin by competitively binding free Fe(3+)...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
49221
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"