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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938782/perch-use-by-broiler-breeders-and-its-implication-on-health-and-production
#1
S G Gebhardt-Henrich, M J Toscano, H Würbel
Broiler breeders are commonly kept without perches, although perching has been shown to be a high-priority behavior in laying hens. We studied whether broiler breeders used elevated perches of different lengths during the night and how access to perches affected health and production. Using the Ross 308 hybrid, pens offering 4 different perch spaces per bird (5, 10, 14, and 20 cm) in a cross-over design were compared with pens without perches. The number of birds on perches at midnight were recorded 7 times during production...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938764/nutrient-composition-and-retention-in-whole-turkeys-with-and-without-added-solution
#2
J R Williams, J M Roseland, Q V Nguyen, J C Howe, K Y Patterson, P R Pehrsson, L D Thompson
Whole turkeys sold in retail outlets are typically processed with added solutions to improve their taste and tenderness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the nutrient composition of whole turkeys with and without added solution, and to update the nutrient profile of turkey for the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Eleven pairs of turkeys with added solution were obtained from statistically representative retail outlets using a nationwide sampling plan developed for USDA's National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program; 4 pairs of turkeys without added solution were purchased from local food outlets...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937947/wastewater-treatment-by-means-of-thermophilic-aerobic-membrane-reactors-respirometric-tests-and-numerical-models-for-determination-of-stoichiometric-kinetic-parameters
#3
Maria Cristina Collivignarelli, Giorgio Bertanza, Alessandro Abbà, Vincenzo Torretta, Ioannis Anastasios Katsoyiannis
The present work considers the pollution abatement of wastewaters, the efficiency of which is depending on stringent verification of the performance of wastewater treatment plants. This is very important especially given that eExisting wastewater/aqueous waste treatment plants often need to be upgraded in order to improve their performance. The satisfactory operation of biological treatment plants requires appropriate monitoring, and respirometric techniques are needed to determine the kinetic parameters that regulate biological processes...
September 22, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937782/cold-water-immersion-cooling-rates-in-football-linemen-and-cross-country-runners-with-exercise-induced-hyperthermia
#4
Sandra Fowkes Godek, Katherine E Morrison, Gregory Scullin
CONTEXT:   Ideal and acceptable cooling rates in hyperthermic athletes have been established in average-sized participants. Football linemen (FBs) have a small body surface area (BSA) to mass ratio compared with smaller athletes, which hinders heat dissipation. OBJECTIVE:   To determine cooling rates using cold-water immersion in hyperthermic FBs and cross-country runners (CCs). DESIGN:   Cohort study. SETTING:   Controlled university laboratory...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937586/monitoring-the-temporal-expression-of-genes-involved-in-ochratoxin-a-production-of-aspergillus-carbonarius-under-the-influence-of-temperature-and-water-activity
#5
Iliada K Lappa, Dimosthenis Kizis, Efstathios Z Panagou
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of environmental factors, namely temperature and water activity, on genes involved in the regulation of ochratoxin A (OTA) production over time. For this purpose, the previously characterized toxigenic Aspergilluscarbonarius Ac29 isolate from Greek vineyards and the A. carbonarius ITEM 5010 reference strain were subjected to combined temperature and water activity (aw) treatments to study OTA production and relative gene expression. The fungal isolates were grown on a synthetic grape juice liquid medium (SGM) under different temperature (20 °C, 25 °C and 30 °C) and aw (0...
September 22, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936184/hypothermia-due-to-antipsychotic-medication-a-systematic-review
#6
Cherryl Zonnenberg, Jolien M Bueno-de-Mesquita, Dharmindredew Ramlal, Jan Dirk Blom
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is a rare, but potentially fatal adverse effect of antipsychotic drug (APD) use. Although the opposite condition, hyperthermia, has been researched extensively in the context of the malignant antipsychotic syndrome, little is known about hypothermia due to APDs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review the literature on hypothermia in the context of APD use, and formulate implications for research and clinical care. METHODS: A systematic search was made in PubMed and Ovid Medline...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935556/altitudinal-variation-and-bio-climatic-variables-influencing-the-potential-distribution-of-culicoides-orientalis-macfie-1932-suspected-vector-of-bluetongue-virus-across-the-north-eastern-himalayan-belt-of-sikkim
#7
Emon Mukhopadhyay, Surajit Hazra, Goutam Kumar Saha, Dhriti Banerjee
Culicoides orientalis was first recorded from Sikkim, in the year 1963, but no evidence based disease outbreak were available. In the last 50 years, 260 Bluetongue disease outbreaks caused by Culicoides species have been evidenced from India. Moreover, in recent years with increase of average temperature worldwide and increase in longevity of arthropod vectors like Culicoides along with a geographical range shift to new suitable warmer regions has increased the potentiality of vector borne disease outbreak throughout the world...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934271/dc-based-smart-pv-powered-home-energy-management-system-based-on-voltage-matching-and-rf-module
#8
Ahmad H Sabry, W Z W Hasan, Mza Ab Kadir, M A M Radzi, S Shafie
The main tool for measuring system efficiency in homes and offices is the energy monitoring of the household appliances' consumption. With the help of GUI through a PC or smart phone, there are various applications that can be developed for energy saving. This work describes the design and prototype implementation of a wireless PV-powered home energy management system under a DC-distribution environment, which allows remote monitoring of appliances' energy consumptions and power rate quality. The system can be managed by a central computer, which obtains the energy data based on XBee RF modules that access the sensor measurements of system components...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933762/effects-of-ambient-temperature-and-relative-humidity-on-subsurface-defect-detection-in-concrete-structures-by-active-thermal-imaging
#9
Quang Huy Tran, Dongyeob Han, Choonghyun Kang, Achintya Haldar, Jungwon Huh
Active thermal imaging is an effective nondestructive technique in the structural health monitoring field, especially for concrete structures not exposed directly to the sun. However, the impact of meteorological factors on the testing results is considerable and should be studied in detail. In this study, the impulse thermography technique with halogen lamps heat sources is used to detect defects in concrete structural components that are not exposed directly to sunlight and not significantly affected by the wind, such as interior bridge box-girders and buildings...
July 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933497/use-of-nh-a-3-%C3%AE-x-3-%C3%AE-sonoluminescence-for-diagnostics-of-nonequilibrium-plasma-produced-by-multibubble-cavitation
#10
Rachel Pflieger, Temim Ouerhani, Thierry Belmonte, Sergey I Nikitenko
In this work, the sonoluminescence of NH radicals has been evaluated as a new spectroscopic probe for the nonequilibrium plasma produced by multibubble cavitation in liquids. The experiments were performed in aqueous ammonia solutions subjected to power ultrasound at low and high frequencies and under two different rare gases (Ar and Xe). Sonoluminescence (SL) spectroscopy focuses on the emission of the two present systems: NH (A(3)Π-X(3)Σ(-)) and OH (A(2)Σ(+)-X(2)Π). Both spectroscopic systems indicate the absence of thermal equilibrium during bubble collapse (Tv > Tr) irrespective of the saturating gas...
September 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933125/-analysis-of-diemailing-kudiezi-injection-use-in-real-world-in-7-189-patients-with-cerebral-infarction
#11
Xing Liao, Yin Zhang, Yan-Ming Xie, Yan Liu, Dan-Hui Yi, Yi-Li Zhang, Feng Chen
This is a study based on hospital intensive monitoring to explore medication use of Diemailing Kudiezi injection(one Chinese herbal medicine injection) in real word in the patients with cerebral infarction. The active monitoring model was adopted and hospital intensive monitoring on safety of 7 189 cases of patients with cerebral infarction was conducted to obtain the drug use information of Diemailing injection. The results were analyzed by using statistical description and association rule method. The statistical description and association rule analysis were conducted based on patients' basic demographic characteristics, use of Diemailing injection and combined use of drugs...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932950/meteorological-factors-affecting-seroconversion-of-akabane-disease-in-sentinel-calves-in-the-subtropical-okinawa-islands-of-japan
#12
Yoko Hayama, Tohru Yanase, Moemi Suzuki, Kazuhiko Unten, Hisayuki Tomochi, Mayu Kakehi, Yukina Shono, Takehisa Yamamoto, Sota Kobayashi, Kiyokazu Murai, Toshiyuki Tsutsui
Akabane virus, the pathogen-causing Akabane disease, is an arthropod-borne virus (arbovirus) transmitted by the Culicoides biting midge. A nationwide serological surveillance program for bovine arboviral diseases, including Akabane disease, has been established in Japan to monitor the circulation of arboviruses by targeting sentinel calves. Okinawa, which is located in the southwestern-most region of Japan, is a high-risk area for incursion of arboviruses. The aim of the present study was to identify the meteorological factors related to farm-level seroconversion of Akabane virus by analyzing the serological surveillance data for sentinel calves collected in Okinawa between 2007 and 2015...
September 20, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932883/helicase-dependent-isothermal-amplification-a-novel-tool-in-the-development-of-molecular-based-analytical-systems-for-rapid-pathogen-detection
#13
REVIEW
Susana Barreda-García, Rebeca Miranda-Castro, Noemí de-Los-Santos-Álvarez, Arturo J Miranda-Ordieres, María Jesús Lobo-Castañón
Highly sensitive testing of nucleic acids is essential to improve the detection of pathogens, which pose a major threat for public health worldwide. Currently available molecular assays, mainly based on PCR, have a limited utility in point-of-need control or resource-limited settings. Consequently, there is a strong interest in developing cost-effective, robust, and portable platforms for early detection of these harmful microorganisms. Since its description in 2004, isothermal helicase-dependent amplification (HDA) has been successfully applied in the development of novel molecular-based technologies for rapid, sensitive, and selective detection of viruses and bacteria...
September 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931000/trapping-of-micro-particles-in-nanoplasmonic-optical-lattice
#14
Dinesh Bhalothia, Ya-Tang Yang
The plasmonic optical tweezer has been developed to overcome the diffraction limits of the conventional far field optical tweezer. Plasmonic optical lattice consists of an array of nanostructures, which exhibit a variety of trapping and transport behaviors. We report the experimental procedures to trap micro-particles in a simple square nanoplasmonic optical lattice. We also describe the optical setup and the nanofabrication of a nanoplasmonic array. The optical potential is created by illuminating an array of gold nanodiscs with a Gaussian beam of 980 nm wavelength, and exciting plasmon resonance...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930086/outbreaks-of-acropora-white-syndrome-and-terpios-sponge-overgrowth-combined-with-coral-mortality-in-palk-bay-southeast-coast-of-india
#15
T Thinesh, G Mathews, K Diraviya Raj, J K P Edward
Acropora white syndrome (AWS) and Terpios sponge overgrowth (TSO) are serious threats to coral communities in various regions; however, information on these 2 lesions in the Indian Ocean is much more limited than in the Indo-Pacific. The present study revealed the impact of these lesions on the Palk Bay reef, India, and covered an area of 7 km2. In total, 1930 colonies were permanently monitored to assess incidences of AWS and TSO and consequent mortality for a period of 1 yr. TSO affected 5 coral genera and caused 20...
September 20, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930083/differential-patterns-of-batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis-infection-in-relict-amphibian-populations-following-severe-disease-associated-declines
#16
Steven M Whitfield, Gilbert Alvarado, Juan Abarca, Hector Zumbado, Ibrahim Zuñiga, Mark Wainwright, Jacob Kerby
Global amphibian biodiversity has declined dramatically in the past 4 decades, and many amphibian species have declined to near extinction as a result of emergence of the amphibian chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). However, persistent or recovering populations of several amphibian species have recently been rediscovered, and such populations may illustrate how amphibian species that are highly susceptible to chytridiomycosis may survive in the presence of Bd. We conducted field surveys for Bd infection in 7 species of Costa Rican amphibians (all species that have declined to near extinction but for which isolated populations persist) to characterize infection profiles in highly Bd-susceptible amphibians post-decline...
September 20, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929556/high-temperature-formed-protective-film-at-cathode-electrolyte-interface-a-functional-layer-in-lithium-sulfur-batteries
#17
Shuang-Yan Lang, Yang Shi, Yu-Guo Guo, Rui Wen, Li-Jun Wan
Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have been attracting wide attention due to their promising high specific capacity. Deep understanding of Li-S interfacial mechanism including the temperature (T) effect is increasingly required to meet the burgeoning demands for battery modification and systematic researches. Herein, interfacial behavior during discharge/charge is investigated at high temperature (HT) of 60 ̊C in electrolyte based on lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl) imide (LiFSI). By in situ atomic force microscopy (AFM), dynamic evolution of insoluble Li2S2 and Li2S is studied at the nanoscale...
September 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929266/brazilian-meningococcal-c-conjugate-vaccine-physicochemical-immunological-and-thermal-stability-characteristics
#18
Renata Chagas Bastos, Marilza Batista Corrêa, Iaralice Medeiros de Souza, Milton Neto da Silva, Denise da Silva Gomes Pereira, Fernanda Otaviano Martins, Camila da Silva Faria, Ana Paula Dinis Ano Bom, Maria de Lourdes Leal, Ellen Jessouroun, José Godinho da Silva, Ricardo de Andrade Medronho, Ivna Alana Freitas Brasileiro da Silveira
High temperature is known to cause some instability in polysaccharide-protein conjugated vaccines and studies under stress conditions may be useful in determining whether short-term accidental exposure to undesired conditions can compromise product quality. In this study, we examined the structural stability of three industrial batches of Brazilian Meningococcal C conjugate bulk (MPCT) incubated at 4, 37, and 55 °C for 5 weeks. The effect of exposure to the storage temperatures was monitored by HPLC-SEC, CZE, CD and NMR techniques...
September 19, 2017: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928720/potential-risk-areas-of-aedes-albopictus-in-south-eastern-iran-a-vector-of-dengue-fever-zika-and-chikungunya
#19
Jalil Nejati, Rubén Bueno-Marí, Francisco Collantes, Ahmad A Hanafi-Bojd, Hassan Vatandoost, Zabihollah Charrahy, Seyed M Tabatabaei, Mohammad R Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Abdolghafar Hasanzehi, Mohammad R Shirzadi, Seyed H Moosa-Kazemi, Mohammad M Sedaghat
The possibility of the rapid and global spread of Zika, chikungunya, yellow fever, and dengue fever by Aedes albopictus is well documented and may be facilitated by changes in climate. To avert and manage health risks, climatic and topographic information can be used to model and forecast which areas may be most prone to the establishment of Ae. albopictus. We aimed to weigh and prioritize the predictive value of various meteorological and climatic variables on distributions of Ae. albopictus in south-eastern Iran using the Analytical Hierarchy Process...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927808/disentangling-the-climate-driven-bimodal-growth-pattern-in-coastal-and-continental-mediterranean-pine-stands
#20
Arturo Pacheco, J Julio Camarero, Montse Ribas, Antonio Gazol, E Gutierrez, Marco Carrer
Mediterranean climate promotes two distinct growth peaks separated by summer quiescence in trees. This bimodal pattern has been associated to favourable growing conditions during spring and autumn when mild temperatures and soil-water availability enhance cambial activity. Climatic models predict progressive warming and drying for the Mediterranean Basin, which could shorten or shift the spring and autumn growing seasons. We explored this idea by comparing two sites with different Mediterranean climate types (continental/dry and coastal/wet) and studied how climate drives the bimodal growth pattern in Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis)...
September 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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