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Temperature monitoring

Sarah Freitas Magalhães, Sofia Calvo-Rodriguez, Mário Marcos do Espírito Santo, Gerardo Arturo Sánchez Azofeifa
Vegetation indices are useful tools to remotely estimate several important parameters related to ecosystem functioning. However, improving and validating estimations for a wide range of vegetation types are necessary. In this study, we provide a methodology for the estimation of the leaf area index (LAI) in a tropical dry forest (TDF) using the light diffusion through the canopy as a function of the successional stage. For this purpose, we estimated the K coefficient, a parameter that relates the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) to LAI, based on photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and solar radiation...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
Lei Liu, Jun Ma, Qiang Xue, Jingbang Shao, Yijun Chen, Gang Zeng
The optimization design of well spacing (WS) and aeration rate (AR) is crucial to the in situ aeration system operation in under long-term and high-efficiency conditions. This optimization design aims to transport additional air into landfills and to develop an improved oxygen environment for enhancing aerobic degradation. Given the specific pore structure distribution within landfills, providing sufficient oxygen in all waste bodies in field sites through gas wells is difficult. The design of well distribution also lacks adequate criteria...
March 12, 2018: Waste Management
K Louati, I Bargaoui, F Safta
The main objective was to develop a suitable and rapid ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method for the quantitative determination of meloxicam and its impurities. Starting from data in literature, we calculated the new parameters to translate a high performance liquid chromatography method used for the analysis of meloxicam with its major degradation products to UPLC method, and then we switched on many trials to optimize and improve its analytical performance. Chromatographic separation was achieved on ACQUITY UPLC HSS-T3 (2...
March 12, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Henrik Staer-Jensen, Kjetil Sunde, Espen Rostrup Nakstad, Jan Eritsland, Geir Øystein Andersen
OBJECTIVES: Haemodynamic monitoring during post arrest care is important to optimise treatment. We compared stroke volume measured by minimally-invasive monitoring devices with or without thermodilution calibration, and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), and hypothesised that thermodilution calibration would give stroke volume index (SVI) more in agreement with TTE during targeted temperature management (TTM). DESIGN: Comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors receiving TTM (33 °C for 24 hrs) underwent haemodynamic monitoring with arterial pulse contour analyses with (PiCCO2®) and without (FloTrac® /Vigileo® monitor® ) transpulmonary thermodilution calibration...
March 16, 2018: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Lu Hu, Wuchao Zhao, Jianghua He, Yuetao Zhang
This work reveals the silyl ketene acetal (SKA)/B(C₆F₅)₃ Lewis pair-catalyzed room-temperature group transfer polymerization (GTP) of polar acrylic monomers, including methyl linear methacrylate (MMA), and the biorenewable cyclic monomers γ-methyl-α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone (MMBL) and α-methylene-γ-butyrolactone (MBL) as well. The in situ NMR monitored reaction of SKA with B(C₆F₅)₃ indicated the formation of Frustrated Lewis Pairs (FLPs), although it is sluggish for MMA polymerization, such a FLP system exhibits highly activity and living GTP of MMBL and MBL...
March 15, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Chi-Yuan Lee, Shih-Chun Li, Chia-Hung Chen, Yen-Ting Huang, Yu-Syuan Wang
Looking for alternative energy sources has been an inevitable trend since the oil crisis, and close attentioned has been paid to hydrogen energy. The proton exchange membrane (PEM) water electrolyzer is characterized by high energy efficiency, high yield, simple system and low operating temperature. The electrolyzer generates hydrogen from water free of any carbon sources (provided the electrons come from renewable sources such as solar and wind), so it is very clean and completely satisfies the environmental requirement...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
Bin Wang, Alistair J Fielding, Robert A W Dryfe
Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy is applied in situ to monitor the electrochemical capacitance of activated carbon in aqueous solutions, thereby revealing aspects of the charge storage mechanism. The EPR signal of activated carbon increases during the charging process and returns reversibly when discharged. Simulation of the spectral lineshape and its temperature dependence indicate that two kinds of spins exist: spin at defects giving rise to a narrow signal, and spins associated with surface-bound aromatic moieties causing a broad signal...
March 15, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Jinzhao Song, Vikram Pandian, Michael G Mauk, Haim H Bau, Sara Cherry, Laurence C Tisi, Changchun Liu
Rapid and quantitative molecular diagnostics in the field, at home, and at remote clinics is essential for evidence-based disease management, control, and prevention. Conventional molecular diagnostics requires extensive sample preparation, complex instruments, and skilled personnel, restricting its use to centralized laboratories. To overcome these limitations, we designed a simple, inexpensive, hand-held, smartphone-based mobile detection platform, dubbed "smart-connected cup" (SCC), for rapid, connected and quantitative molecular diagnostics...
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Upendra A Rathnayake, Tharindu Senapathi, Chanaka Sandaruwan, Sanja Gunawardene, Veranja Karunaratne, Nilwala Kottegoda
This study explores the potential application of rice bran (agro waste) to nano-encapsulate phytase, which is a thermally unstable biologically active enzyme. Rice bran was converted to nanofibers (20-50 nm in diameter) using electrospinning. After optimizing the pH, viscosity, voltage and the distance between electrodes for electrospinning, phytase enzyme was encapsulated and the fibers were cross-linked using sodium tripolyphosphate. Thermal stability of phytase enzyme was improved by 90 °C when they are encapsulated and cross-linked with sodium tripolyphosphate...
March 14, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
Alexa M Bouts, Lauren Brackman, Elizabeth Martin, Adam M Subasic, Edward S Potkanowicz
People use their smartphones for everything from web browsing to tracking fitness metrics. However, it is unclear whether smartphone-based apps that use photoplethysmography to measure heart rate are an accurate or valid measure of exercise intensity. Purpose was to determine the accuracy and validity of two iOS-based heart rate monitors, Runtastic Heart Rate Monitor and Pulse Tracker PRO by Runtastic (Runtastic) and Instant Heart Rate+: Heart Rate and Pulse Monitor by Azumio (Instant Heart Rate), when compared to the electrocardiogram (ECG) and Polar® T31 uncoded heart rate monitor from moderate to vigorous intensity exercise...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
Eden E L Tanner, Stanislav V Sokolov, Kamonwad Ngamchuea, Robert G Palgrave, Richard G Compton
X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy was used to characterise silver nanoparticles capped with poly(ethylene) glycol in a room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL), 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Bmim][BF4]). The amounts of oxygen and silver present in nanoparticles capped with different molecular weight thiolated PEG chains were monitored, and the number of thiolated PEG chains per nanoparticle was calculated, an in situ characterisation not previously possible.
March 14, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Adrian Blanco Machin, Luiz Fernando Costa Nascimento
Exposure to air pollutants, usually measured by environmental agencies that are not present in all states, may be associated with respiratory admissions in children. An ecological time series study was conducted with data on hospitalizations due to selected respiratory diseases in children under 10 years of age in 2012 in the city of Cuiabá, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Mean levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) were estimated with a mathematical model, data on low temperatures and relative humidity were obtained from the Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology, and the numbers of brush burnings were obtained from the Environmental Information System...
March 8, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
E G Moura Júnior, A Pott, W Severi, C S Zickel
We evaluated the response of the biomass of aquatic macrophytes under limnological changes after water level fluctuation (WLF) of two tropical reservoirs (R1 and R2), located in northeastern Brazil. Initially we tested the hypothesis that post-WLF limnological conditions and biomass of macrophytes increase or decrease, depending on the variable or species. We monitored a 4 × 50 m permanent plot, in four expeditions per period (pre- or post-WLF), assessing species biomass and 10 limnological variables. We utilized 0...
March 12, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
Mauro Zaninelli, Veronica Redaelli, Fabio Luzi, Valerio Bronzo, Malcolm Mitchell, Vittorio Dell'Orto, Valentino Bontempo, Donata Cattaneo, Giovanni Savoini
The aim of the present study was to test infrared thermography (IRT), under field conditions, as a possible tool for the evaluation of cow udder health status. Thermographic images (n. 310) from different farms (n. 3) were collected and evaluated using a dedicated software application to calculate automatically and in a standardized way, thermographic indices of each udder. Results obtained have confirmed a significant relationship between udder surface skin temperature (USST) and classes of somatic cell count in collected milk samples...
March 14, 2018: Sensors
Alicja Dolzblasz, Edyta M Gola, Katarzyna Sokołowska, Elwira Smakowska-Luzan, Adriana Twardawska, Hanna Janska
Shoot and root apical meristems (SAM and RAM, respectively) are crucial to provide cells for growth and organogenesis and therefore need to be maintained throughout the life of a plant. However, plants lacking the mitochondrial protease AtFTSH4 exhibit an intriguing phenotype of precocious cessation of growth at both the shoot and root apices when grown at elevated temperatures. This is due to the accumulation of internal oxidative stress and progressive mitochondria dysfunction. To explore the impacts of the internal oxidative stress on SAM and RAM functioning, we study the expression of selected meristem-specific ( STM , CLV3 , WOX5 ) and cell cycle-related (e...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Marc Schmid, S Morteza Seyed Jafari, Luzian Haug, Carsten Surke, Robert E Hunger, Dimitri Van De Ville, Bettina Juon Personeni, Maziar Shafighi, Esther Voegelin
BACKGROUND: Despite various exisiting monitoring methods, there is still a need for new technologies to improve the quality of post-operative evaluation of digital replantation. The purpose of the study is using a laser Doppler imaging device (Easy-LDI) as an additional tool to assess perfusion. In this method, the changes in the frequency of the laser ligth provide information regarding perfusion of the monitored tissue. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included seven patients (10 fingers; age of patients: 21-57 years) who suffered from a total (n = 6) or subtotal amputation (n = 4) due to accidents...
March 14, 2018: Microsurgery
Cristian A Linte, Jon J Camp, Maryam E Rettmann, Dieter Haemmerich, Mehmet K Aktas, David T Huang, Douglas L Packer, David R Holmes
In spite of significant efforts to improve image-guided ablation therapy, a large number of patients undergoing ablation therapy to treat cardiac arrhythmic conditions require repeat procedures. The delivery of insufficient thermal dose is a significant contributor to incomplete tissue ablation, in turn leading to the arrhythmia recurrence. Ongoing research efforts aim to better characterize and visualize RF delivery to monitor the induced tissue damage during therapy. Here, we propose a method that entails modeling and visualization of the lesions in real-time...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Manuel Elías-Gutiérrez, Martha Valdez-Moreno, Janet Topan, Monica R Young, José Angel Cohuo-Colli
Currently, freshwater zooplankton sampling and identification methodologies have remained virtually unchanged since they were first established in the beginning of the XX century. One major contributing factor to this slow progress is the limited success of modern genetic methodologies, such as DNA barcoding, in several of the main groups. This study demonstrates improved protocols which enable the rapid assessment of most animal taxa inhabiting any freshwater system by combining the use of light traps, careful fixation at low temperatures using ethanol, and zooplankton-specific primers...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Aage Kristian Olsen Alstrup, Nora Elisabeth Zois, Mette Simonsen, Ole Lajord Munk
BACKGROUND: Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of anaesthetized pig brains is a useful tool in neuroscience. Stable cerebral blood flow (CBF) is essential for PET, since variations can affect the distribution of several radiotracers. However, the effect of physiological factors regulating CBF is unresolved and therefore knowledge of optimal anaesthesia and monitoring of pigs in PET studies is sparse. The aim of this study was therefore to determine if and how physiological variables and the duration of anaesthesia affected CBF as measured by PET using [15 O]-water in isoflurane-N2 O anaesthetized domestic female pigs...
March 12, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Kristian Tølbøl Sørensen, Charlotte Bonde Ingvorsen, Line Hagner Nielsen, Anders Kristensen
A photonic crystal slab (PCS) sensor is a universal refractive index sensor with possibilities and performance very similar to surface plasmon resonance (SPR), which represents the gold standard of biosensing. Cheap PCS sensors can be made vacuum-free entirely out of polymers, but come with additional challenges, besides those relating to temperature-variations, which must be considered in any refractive index based method: The polymeric waveguide core was found to swell by ∼0.3% as water absorbed into the waveguide core over ∼1...
March 5, 2018: Optics Express
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